Queensland in January 2023: Wet in the north and dry in the south-east; cooler than average days

Rainfall for January was above average across the north, central coast and adjacent interior districts, and from the central west to the south-west of the state. Below average rainfall was reported across the south-east quadrant. Daytime temperatures were cooler than average across most parts of the state, with areas in the Central Highlands and around the Gulf Country in the lowest 10% of historical records since 1910. Night-time temperatures were warmer than average across parts of the tropical north and in the far south-west of the state, but cooler than average for an area around the central coast and the far south-east

Wetter in the north, below average in the south-east

  • Area-averaged rainfall for Queensland was 45% above the 1961-1990 average for the state as a whole, the wettest January since 2010.
  • Rainfall was average to above average across the north, central coast and adjacent interior parts of the state across to the south-west, but below average across the south-east quadrant.
  • Several days of locally heavy rainfall and thunderstorms affected many areas of Queensland, including the Gulf Country, Peninsula, northern interior, and the tropical east coast, with daily rainfall totals generally in the range of 20 to 70 mm and isolated falls of more than 100 mm over the southern Cape York Peninsula, resulted in multiple flood warnings and some sites reporting their highest January daily rainfall on record.
  • Severe thunderstorms and locally heavy rainfall resulted in flooding in northern and central Queensland, and some sites had their highest total January rainfall on record and many others had their highest total January rainfall for at least 20 years.
  • The wettest day for any location in the state was on the 16th, when 316.6 mm of rainfall was recorded at Proserpine Airport. Although, several other non-Bureau operated rainfall sites reported falls in excess of 320 mm on the 16th and 17th.
  • The wettest location for the month was at Mount Jukes which reported a monthly total of 1071.0 mm, resulting in its wettest January since 1991.

Cooler days for most of the state

  • The mean maximum temperature for Queensland was 0.38 °C below the 1961-1990 average; the lowest for January since 2010.
  • Daytime temperatures were cooler than average across most of the state away from southern districts, with areas across the Central Highlands and parts of the Gulf Country reporting mean maximum temperatures in the lowest 10% of records since 1910.
  • Daytime temperatures were below average across large areas of the state for most days during January resulting in some sites having their lowest January mean daily maximum temperature on record.
  • There were particularly cold days for large parts of the state between the 12th and 15th of the month that resulted in several locations reporting their coldest January day on record.
  • The mean minimum temperature for Queensland was 0.77 °C above average; the lowest for January since 2012.
  • Night-time temperatures were warmer than average across parts of Cape York Peninsula and in the far south-west of the state, while areas around the central coast and the south-east were cooler than average.
  • Several coastal locations had their lowest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years.
  • With the cooler days and nights across parts of the state, several locations reported either their lowest January mean temperature on record or their lowest January mean temperature for at least 20 years.

Further information

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Extremes in January 2023
Hottest day 44.1 °C at Birdsville Airport on the 26th
Warmest days on average 39.4 °C at Birdsville Airport
Coolest days on average 27.3 °C at Rundle Island
Coldest day 20.5 °C at Springsure Comet St on the 12th
20.5 °C at Tambo Post Office on the 12th
Coldest night 10.3 °C at Applethorpe on the 19th
Coolest nights on average 14.5 °C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 26.5 °C at Ballera Gas Field
Warmest night 31.8 °C at Ballera Gas Field on the 29th
Warmest on average overall 32.9 °C at Birdsville Airport
Coolest on average overall 21.3 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 1071.0 mm at Mount Jukes
Wettest day 316.6 mm at Proserpine Airport on the 16th
Strongest wind gust 89 km/h at Hamilton Island Airport on the 17th
89 km/h at Hamilton Island Airport on the 18th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest January daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Palmerville 144.2 on the 19th 141.0 on the 21st in 1895 134
Greendale Station 94.5 on the 12th 89.0 on the 2nd in 1984 43
Warwick 59.4 on the 31st 59.0 on the 15th in 2004 29
Mirani Mary Street 213.0 on the 17th 205.0 on the 24th in 2005 23



Record highest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Proserpine Airport 952.6 819.2 in 1991 41 309.4
Hamilton Island 856.9 759.3 in 2021 33 284.4
Alva Beach 733.4 525.2 in 2009 25 281.3
Mirani Mary Street 700.6 536.1 in 2019 23 293.9
Hamilton Island Airport 858.2 593.8 in 2019 21 301.6

Highest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
January
Gregory Downs Outstation 430.7 582.7 in 1924* 145.2
Maitland Downs Station 545.5 630.0 in 1979 229.0
Walkamin Research Station 546.2 817.2 in 1979 231.0
Eton Vale 436.2 495.6 in 1980* 170.1
Moreton Telegraph Station 821.9 849.2 in 1979* 343.5
Mackay Aero 727.2 864.0 in 1954* 311.7
Mount Charlton 725.0 1388.0 in 1991 352.7
Innot Hot Springs Township 630.6 668.0 in 1991* 198.6
Plane Creek Sugar Mill 754.8 1205.6 in 1991* 365.6
Woodbine Station 271.6 286.8 in 1991* 108.0
Pleystowe Sugar Mill 743.4 974.2 in 1991* 348.4
Ravenswood Post Office 382.6 383.8 in 1991* 149.4
Mount Jukes 1071.0 1157.0 in 1991* 396.3
Mackay M.O 677.8 742.8 in 1996 279.8
Orkabie West Hill 650.0 741.0 in 1993* 303.4
Robin Hood Station 451.0 783.0 in 1991* 213.3
Kowanyama Airport 750.6 775.9 in 1998 343.3
Southwell Station 788.6 1109.0 in 1998* 436.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest January daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Tambo Post Office 20.5 on the 12th 21.5 on the 5th in 1980 67 35.0
Barcaldine Post Office 22.3 on the 13th 22.4 on the 30th in 1997 62 35.7
Springsure Comet St 20.5 on the 12th 22.1 on the 31st in 2010 58 34.0
Proserpine Airport 24.5 on the 14th 24.9 on the 10th in 1993 34 31.5
Emerald Airport 21.6 on the 13th 22.7 on the 9th in 2021 31 34.7
Middle Percy Island 23.1 on the 13th 23.2 on the 16th in 2012 23 28.7
Blackall Airport 22.0 on the 12th 23.0 on the 31st in 2010 22 36.5
Hamilton Island Airport 25.2 on the 14th 25.6 on the 16th in 2012 21 29.9



Record lowest January mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Thangool Airport 31.2 31.3 in 2011 30 33.8
Samuel Hill Aero 29.2 29.4 in 2001 22 30.8
Coen Airport 31.1 31.3 in 2019 20 32.7



Lowest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
January
Coolangatta 20.0 =20.0 in 1997 21.0
Gold Coast Seaway 21.0 20.4 in 2000 21.9
Mackay Aero 22.3 21.0 in 2001 23.1
Mackay M.O 22.9 22.0 in 2001 23.6
Rockhampton Aero 21.9 21.4 in 2001 22.2
Gladstone Airport 22.0 =22.0 in 2003 23.1



Record lowest January mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Thangool Airport 25.1 = 25.1 in 1993 30 26.8
Coen Airport 27.4 27.5 in 2009 20 28.2

Lowest January mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
January
Gladstone Radar 26.0 25.4 in 1997 27.0
Gladstone Airport 25.9 =25.9 in 2001 27.0
Mackay Aero 26.0 25.0 in 2001 26.8
Mackay M.O 26.5 25.4 in 2001 26.9
Middle Percy Island 25.3 25.1 in 2001* 26.0
Samuel Hill Aero 25.1 25.0 in 2003 26.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for January 2023
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2023
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2023
Mean for
January
2023
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2023
Total for
January
2023
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2023
Fraction of
January
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.7 -0.1 33.9 24th 25.7 -0.2 23.5 6th 83.2 265.6 low 31%
Coen Airport 31.1 -1.6 33.0 11th 23.6 -0.2 22.4 12th 460.8 318.6 high 145%
Horn Island 30.5 -0.4 32.1 15th 24.8 -0.4 23.2 2nd 562.2 412.9 high 136%
Scherger RAAF 31.4 -0.9 33.9 29th 24.0 -0.2 22.6 7th 827.6 526.0 high 157%
Weipa Aero 31.1 -0.9 34.3 29th 24.3 0.0 22.6 7th 884.4 498.7 v high 177%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 31.3 -0.5 33.7 17th 24.2 +0.4 22.8 2nd 542.6 403.4 high 135%
Palmerville 31.9 -1.5 34.6 25th 23.3 +0.3 20.2 22nd 367.4 265.2 high 139%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 33.0 -1.6 36.1 20th 25.4 0.0 23.0 13th 340.8 241.6 high 141%
Century Mine 34.4 -2.5 37.2 20th 24.9 -0.2 23.0 15th 244.6 178.7 high 137%
Cloncurry Airport 34.9 -2.1 39.3 24th 24.4 -0.7 20.2 23rd 103.8 154.8 average 67%
Julia Creek Airport 35.8 -2.1 40.1 25th 23.8 -0.3 20.9 19th 89.2 121.2 average 74%
Kowanyama Airport 31.6 -1.5 35.5 29th 24.8 +0.4 23.0 2nd 750.6 343.3 v high 219%
Lake Julius AWS 34.7   39.3 24th 24.4   21.2 23rd 181.4 116.9 high 155%
Mornington Island Airport 31.8   33.8 27th 25.7   22.6 13th 439.4
Mount Isa Aero 35.0 -1.6 38.9 24th 23.5 -0.4 17.1 23rd 119.4 115.2 average 104%
Normanton Airport 32.7 -1.4 36.5 27th 25.7 +0.4 23.5 2nd 405.0 259.8 high 156%
Sweers Island 31.5 -1.0 33.2 27th 26.1 -0.5 23.3 6th 643.2 341.6 high 188%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 32.4 -1.6 36.0 27th 22.8 -0.6 20.6 22nd 423.0 249.8 v high 169%
Hughenden Airport 34.3 -1.7 38.0 4th 23.3 -0.5 18.4 20th 131.8 116.7 average 113%
Richmond Airport 35.6 -1.5 39.3 9th 23.7 0.0 20.0 6th 101.6 121.9 average 83%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 31.3 -0.2 33.2 25th 24.2 +0.5 22.8 8th 393.6 402.2 average 98%
Cairns Racecourse 31.5   33.1 9th 23.9   21.7 21st
Cape Flattery 31.4 -0.7 34.1 6th 24.8 0.0 23.4 18th 328.2 276.9 high 119%
Cooktown Airport 31.8 -0.2 34.4 2nd 24.5 +0.1 21.7 21st
Low Isles Lighthouse 31.0 -1.2 33.3 17th 25.4 -0.1 24.1 31st 523.2 402.9 high 130%
Mareeba Airport 30.2 -1.0 32.3 31st 21.6 +0.2 19.0 21st 404.4 229.2 v high 176%
Walkamin Research Station 29.5 -0.6 32.0 31st 20.6 +0.3 18.2 21st 546.2 231.0 v high 236%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 30.8 -0.7 32.2 26th 23.6 +0.6 21.2 17th 438.2 440.1 average 100%
Cowley Beach (Defence) 31.2   32.4 27th 23.6   22.3 6th 210.4
Innisfail Aerodrome 31.4   32.8 5th 23.1   20.9 21st 539.8
Mount Stuart (Defence) 30.6   33.4 10th 23.4   18.9 6th 502.2
South Johnstone Exp Stn 31.3 +0.1 32.6 25th 23.3 +0.6 21.7 14th 232.4 522.9 low 44%
Townsville Aero 30.6 -0.9 32.4 10th 24.5 +0.2 20.4 6th 410.6 271.7 high 151%
Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence) 31.1   34.8 10th 21.8   19.2 6th 301.2
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 29.7 -1.4 32.2 31st 24.9 +0.1 19.9 6th 733.4 281.3 highest 261%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 30.9 -0.9 33.5 4th 22.8 0.0 19.4 6th 584.4 229.1 v high 255%
Bowen Airport AWS 30.9   33.3 27th 23.2   20.3 20th 664.0
Collinsville Post Office 32.8 -0.7 37.1 10th 21.7 -0.3 18.4 20th 231.3 135.4 high 171%
Hamilton Island Airport 29.1 -0.8 31.9 10th 24.8 0.0 21.8 6th 858.2 301.6 highest 285%
Mackay Aero 29.8 -0.6 33.5 10th 22.3 -0.8 20.3 20th 727.2 311.7 v high 233%
Mackay M.O 30.2 0.0 35.2 10th 22.9 -0.7 21.1 3rd 677.8 279.8 v high 242%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 29.8   34.8 10th 22.0   19.8 20th 806.4
Proserpine Airport 31.0 -0.5 36.4 10th 22.2 -0.5 20.0 20th 952.6 309.4 highest 308%
Samuel Hill Aero 29.2 -1.6 33.8 4th 21.0 -0.5 17.1 3rd 289.2 189.6 high 153%
St Lawrence 30.3 -1.6 35.3 10th 22.2 -0.8 20.2 13th 301.6 183.9 v high 164%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 31.1   35.8 4th 21.6   19.0 6th 206.0
Williamson 30.5 -1.2 33.9 4th 22.0 -0.9 19.1 3rd 153.4 133.5 average 115%
Woolshed 27.5 -1.2 29.9 10th 20.9 0.0 16.9 6th 0 262.9 lowest 0%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 28.4 -1.0 32.6 31st 23.2 -0.8 21.2 3rd 238.2 117.3 high 203%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 31.7 -2.2 36.0 4th 22.0 -0.4 19.9 19th 277.2 157.3 high 176%
Moranbah Airport 31.7 -3.1 37.6 10th 20.5 -1.0 17.8 13th 166.8 99.3 high 168%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 31.9   38.3 4th 20.9   17.5 13th 136.0 88.3 high 154%
Clermont Airport 31.6 -2.9 37.8 9th 20.7 -0.9 16.8 13th 241.0 96.0 v high 251%
Emerald Airport 31.7 -3.0 38.0 4th 21.4 -0.9 17.5 13th 162.0 83.1 high 195%
Lochington 31.9 -3.3 39.1 3rd 21.0 -0.9 17.1 13th 171.0 95.9 high 178%
Rolleston Airport 32.4 -2.5 37.7 4th 21.1 -0.3 17.6 13th 121.6 103.0 average 118%
Springsure Comet St 31.6 -2.4 37.0 4th 20.3 -0.6 16.7 13th 132.2 110.2 high 120%
Tambo Post Office 32.8 -2.2 38.0 4th 20.8 +0.2 14.5 7th 170.1 79.4 v high 214%
Taroom Post Office 33.9 0.0 37.6 26th 21.2 +0.4 16.4 19th 75.0 96.6 average 78%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 33.6 -2.1 38.5 3rd 23.3 0.0 18.0 13th 181.9 84.7 high 215%
Blackall Airport 33.8 -2.7 39.0 3rd 22.3 -1.0 16.4 6th 121.6 87.4 high 139%
Isisford Post Office 34.5 -2.5 38.6 3rd 23.1 -0.1 16.7 13th 128.6 70.0 high 184%
Longreach Aero 35.4 -1.8 40.8 8th 22.9 -0.4 19.3 13th 141.2 77.3 high 183%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 34.6 -2.8 38.0 24th 24.5 +0.1 19.6 23rd 88.8 99.4 average 89%
Carters Bore 34.8   39.1 24th 24.0   21.5 8th 179.2
New May Downs 34.9   39.5 24th 23.9   20.3 22nd 92.8 104.7 average 89%
The Monument Airport 36.1 -1.9 40.9 24th 23.7 -1.2 20.3 23rd 135.2 64.0 high 211%
Trepell Airport 36.8 -1.1 41.6 24th 23.9 -0.9 20.2 23rd 39.6 91.6 low 43%
Urandangi Aerodrome 36.1 -3.6 40.1 27th 24.0 -1.6 17.3 23rd 59.2 53.5 average 111%
Winton Airport 36.8 -1.3 40.9 7th 23.7 -0.8 20.2 19th 64.6 83.0 average 78%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie 38.3 -1.3 41.7 25th 25.6 +0.3 19.1 6th 16.8 32.8 average 51%
Birdsville Airport 39.4 -1.2 44.1 26th 26.3 -0.4 19.0 22nd 12.8 23.3 average 55%
Windorah Airport 37.2   41.0 3rd 25.0   17.0 6th 87.4
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 29.7 -0.7 33.1 28th 20.7 -0.8 17.7 3rd 85.0 167.7 low 51%
Gayndah Airport 32.7 -1.1 37.9 4th 19.8 -0.9 15.0 19th 48.6 77.0 average 63%
Gladstone Airport 29.9 -0.9 36.6 4th 22.0 -1.1 20.2 2nd 113.8 136.4 average 83%
Gladstone Radar 30.0 -1.4 37.2 4th 22.1 -0.5 19.7 14th 137.6 147.8 average 93%
Lady Elliot Island 29.3 0.0 31.1 31st 23.9 -0.1 22.3 18th 80.4 115.2 average 70%
Monto Township 30.7 -1.5 36.9 4th 18.7 -0.7 14.5 19th 119.0 107.8 average 110%
Rockhampton Aero 30.9 -1.2 38.5 4th 21.9 -0.3 19.8 19th 146.8 128.8 high 114%
Rundle Island 27.3 -1.0 29.6 5th 24.2 -0.3 21.1 14th
Seventeen Seventy 29.2 -0.4 31.9 31st 22.3 -0.7 20.1 19th 90.4 151.0 average 60%
Thangool Airport 31.2 -2.6 37.0 4th 18.9 -0.8 14.8 19th 110.2 94.4 average 117%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 31.5 +0.3 36.8 4th 18.5 -1.1 14.7 19th 150.0 116.6 average 129%
Archerfield Airport 31.0 +0.5 34.5 26th 19.7 -0.7 16.4 19th 92.4 133.8 average 69%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 31.7 +0.3 36.7 26th 18.0 -1.3 14.5 3rd 70.8 139.7 low 51%
Beerburrum Forest Station 29.6 -0.7 34.4 31st 19.5 -0.3 15.9 19th 44.6 194.4 low 23%
Brisbane 30.0 -0.4 34.4 31st 20.9 -0.7 17.9 19th 93.0 136.1 average 68%
Brisbane Aero 28.8 -0.3 32.4 31st 20.6 -0.8 17.6 19th 62.2 121.7 average 51%
Canungra (Defence) 29.4   35.2 26th 16.7   12.3 19th 86.0
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 27.7 +0.7 29.7 29th 22.0 0.0 20.2 3rd 81.2 145.8 average 56%
Coolangatta 28.5 +0.1 30.3 28th 20.0 -1.0 16.7 19th 112.2 158.7 average 71%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 28.5 +0.5 33.2 31st 22.5 +0.1 20.2 14th 54.6 157.9 low 35%
Gold Coast Seaway 28.5 -0.3 31.2 26th 21.0 -0.9 18.8 3rd 57.4 135.1 low 42%
Greenbank (Defence) 31.5   37.2 4th 17.9   13.8 22nd 101.8
Gympie 31.2 0.0 37.6 4th 19.3 -0.3 13.9 19th 9.0 160.3 v low 6%
Hervey Bay Airport 29.4 -0.9 33.1 28th 20.9 -1.1 18.3 3rd 86.2 122.9 average 70%
Kingaroy Airport 30.3 -0.6 36.9 4th 17.6 -0.4 12.5 19th 54.4 85.8 average 63%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 30.2 +0.3 35.5 26th 19.9 -0.8 16.7 19th 72.6 125.8 average 58%
Maryborough 30.0 -0.8 33.8 26th 19.9 -0.7 16.9 3rd 101.4 161.3 average 63%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 28.8 -0.6 32.3 25th 19.8 -0.7 15.6 19th 92.8 238.7 low 39%
Point Lookout 29.6 0.0 33.9 28th 22.2 -0.4 19.0 3rd 27.8 128.8 low 22%
Rainbow Beach 28.3 -0.6 33.6 31st 21.1 -1.0 16.2 19th 85.4 156.0 low 55%
Redcliffe 28.8 -0.3 35.4 31st 21.2 -1.1 18.6 22nd 33.0 131.7 v low 25%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 28.7   32.0 27th 19.6   16.0 19th 87.6
Sunshine Coast Airport 28.7 -0.3 34.3 31st 20.7 -0.6 15.9 19th 87.2 143.0 average 61%
Tewantin RSL Park 28.5 -0.1 34.5 31st 21.5 -0.4 18.2 19th 48.4 139.3 low 35%
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 29.3   34.6 4th 20.5   17.4 3rd 53.4
University of Queensland Gatton 32.3 +0.7 37.7 4th 18.1 -1.0 13.8 22nd 62.8 109.0 low 58%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 28.2 +1.5 33.6 4th 14.5 -0.8 10.3 19th 83.2 95.7 average 87%
Dalby Airport 32.6 0.0 37.9 4th 17.9 -0.9 15.1 19th 12.6 72.4 low 17%
Goondiwindi Airport 35.2   39.2 4th 20.2   16.5 6th 29.6
Oakey Aero 31.5 +0.5 37.3 4th 17.5 -0.4 13.6 19th 76.0 78.6 average 97%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 28.5 +1.1 34.5 4th       70.9 96.0 average 74%
Texas Post Office 34.7 +0.9 38.8 26th 18.2 -0.6 13.7 13th 13.7 88.3 v low 16%
Toowoomba Airport 28.7 +0.3 34.8 4th 17.0 -0.7 14.7 21st 54.8 89.6 average 61%
Warwick 30.9 +0.5 37.0 4th 16.5 -0.7 13.8 19th 163.2 81.5 v high 200%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 33.7 -0.2 37.8 4th 20.2 -0.3 16.3 18th 42.0 69.1 average 61%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 33.0 -0.8 37.7 4th 19.3 -0.5 13.5 6th 75.0 85.6 average 88%
Mitchell Post Office 35.6 +1.4 39.3 4th 20.2 +0.1 10.9 6th 27.4 80.2 low 34%
Roma Airport 35.3 +0.7 39.2 10th 20.2 -0.8 11.2 6th 12.4 65.5 low 19%
St George Airport 35.5 +0.2 39.3 26th 22.0 -0.3 17.8 6th 50.8 48.3 average 105%
Surat 34.8 +0.5 38.9 4th     13.0 6th 58.1 70.8 average 82%
Warrego (district 44)
Charleville Aero 35.9 +0.7 40.0 3rd 22.5 +0.5 12.2 6th 81.6 72.3 average 113%
Cunnamulla Post Office 38.1 +1.9 42.2 3rd 24.0 +1.6 19.5 7th 23.2 47.0 average 49%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 38.6 -1.1 42.6 3rd 26.5 +0.4 19.3 22nd 18.0 27.0 average 67%
Thargomindah Airport 38.8 0.0 43.9 26th 26.0 +0.1 21.4 6th 16.4 33.0 average 50%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Bougainville Reef 29.2   31.1 10th 25.7   23.6 20th
Cato Island 27.6   30.1 5th 24.7   23.6 1st
Creal Reef 27.9   29.0 11th 25.7   22.8 7th
Flinders Reef 29.1   30.8 10th 25.9   24.0 16th
Frederick Reef 27.6   31.1 4th 25.3   22.9 7th
Gannet Cay 27.8   29.4 9th 25.0   22.0 7th
Holmes Reef 29.3   32.0 4th 26.3   24.0 16th
Lihou Reef Lighthouse 28.7   30.4 16th 25.7   23.7 2nd
Marion Reef 28.6   32.9 11th 25.8   23.2 18th
Middle Percy Island 27.7 -1.0 30.6 5th 22.9 -0.5 20.7 14th 317.8 178.2 v high 178%
Willis Island 30.4 -0.3 31.6 2nd 26.1 +0.3 24.2 17th 305.2 195.6 high 156%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, usually published in the first week of the following month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Friday 3 February 2023. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Information about Australian Indigenous seasonal calendars is available at the Indigenous Weather Knowledge website.

Further information

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Climate