Queensland in October 2023

Rainfall

  • Rainfall for Queensland as a whole was 83.6% below the 1961-1990 average. It was the sixth lowest on record (since 1900) and the lowest since 2006.
  • Rainfall was below average across large areas of the state, very much below average across much of the state's east and lowest on record across parts of the south-east.

Temperature

  • The mean temperature for Queensland was 1.14 °C above the 1961–1990 average, the warmest since 2021.
  • The mean maximum temperature for Queensland was 1.81 °C above the 1961–1990 average, the warmest since 2021.
  • The mean minimum temperature for Queensland was 0.46 °C above the 1961–1990 average, the coolest since 2016.
  • Seventeen Seventy had it's highest October mean daily maximum temperature on record.

Extremes in October 2023
Hottest day 42.4 °C at Urandangi Aerodrome on the 24th
Warmest days on average 37.9 °C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 24.4 °C at Cape Moreton Lighthouse
Coldest day 14.4 °C at Applethorpe on the 27th
Coldest night 1.9 °C at Applethorpe on the 6th
Coolest nights on average 8.7 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 25.5 °C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 27.3 °C at Sweers Island on the 26th
Warmest on average overall 30.1 °C at Kowanyama Airport
30.1 °C at Normanton Airport
Coolest on average overall 16.8 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 108.0 mm at Mt Sophia
Wettest day 55.0 mm at K'gari Eurong on the 27th
Strongest wind gust 117 km/h at Double Island Point Lighthouse on the 27th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Seventeen Seventy 27.7 27.6 in 2009 35 26.0



Summary statistics for October 2023
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2023
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2023
Mean for
October
2023
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2023
Total for
October
2023
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2023
Fraction of
October
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.2 +0.7 34.7 27th 24.7 -0.1 23.2 24th 3.2 13.5 average 24%
Coen Airport 33.7 +0.1 37.6 23rd 19.7 -1.0 15.7 15th 0 9.3 lowest 0%
Horn Island 31.0 -0.2 32.3 6th 24.5 -0.4 21.9 18th 2.0 12.6 average 16%
Scherger RAAF 36.2 +0.2 38.4 23rd 21.3 -0.5 18.9 14th 0 22.3 v low 0%
Weipa Aero 36.5 +0.7 39.1 27th 20.7 -1.2 17.7 14th 0.4 20.0 low 2%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 30.5 0.0 32.1 29th 21.4 -0.6 16.5 24th 5.6 27.8 average 20%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 35.8 -0.1 39.7 24th 21.7 -0.2 18.2 15th 0 11.9 lowest 0%
Century Mine 37.9 -0.1 42.3 25th 20.0 -1.3 15.0 1st 0 19.3 lowest 0%
Cloncurry Airport 36.5 0.0 41.0 24th 19.5 -1.1 14.5 6th 4.0 18.4 average 22%
Julia Creek Airport 37.5 -0.1 42.3 25th 16.6 -2.1 9.7 6th 4.2 12.2 average 34%
Kowanyama Airport 37.4 +1.0 39.3 27th 22.8 +0.7 18.5 14th 0 16.3 lowest 0%
Lake Julius AWS 36.9 0.0 41.0 25th 20.3 -1.9 16.5 1st 8.0 23.4 average 34%
Mornington Island Airport 32.6 -0.4 36.4 17th 24.7 -0.1 22.6 10th 1.6 9.9 low 16%
Mount Isa Aero 35.7 +0.8 40.7 24th 17.1 -1.5 7.6 28th 15.6 19.1 average 82%
Normanton Airport 36.8 0.0 39.9 24th 23.4 -0.1 20.4 7th 0 7.1 lowest 0%
Sweers Island 31.9 -0.1 36.6 17th 25.5 +0.4 23.9 1st 0 10.3 lowest 0%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 36.7 +0.5 39.5 25th 19.7 -0.9 15.1 15th 0 11.9 v low 0%
Hughenden Airport 36.1 +0.7 41.0 25th 18.9 -0.1 11.0 6th 0 16.3 lowest 0%
Richmond Airport 37.3 +0.6 41.8 25th 17.5 -1.5 12.8 6th 0 11.3 lowest 0%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 30.5 +0.9 32.6 27th 20.3 -0.4 17.0 17th 21.0 47.4 average 44%
Cairns Racecourse 29.8 -0.5 32.3 27th 19.0 -1.1 15.7 14th 42.4 54.1 average 78%
Cape Flattery 30.2 -0.3 31.3 28th 23.0 -0.1 18.3 24th 1.6 15.4 low 10%
Cooktown Airport 29.8 -0.8 32.1 27th 22.4 -0.2 18.0 24th 0 22.9 lowest 0%
Low Isles Lighthouse 29.9 -0.5 32.4 26th 22.8 -0.5 20.9 9th 36.8 46.0 average 80%
Mareeba Airport 31.1 +0.3 36.2 26th 16.8 -0.7 13.3 14th 0 15.3 lowest 0%
Walkamin Research Station 29.5 +0.1 34.5 26th 15.8 -0.9 13.8 14th 1.0 22.8 v low 4%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 28.9 -0.3 30.4 25th 19.2 +0.1 16.7 31st 36.0 55.5 average 65%
Cowley Beach (Defence) 28.7   30.2 18th 19.6   16.3 31st 16.2
Innisfail Aerodrome 28.9   31.1 26th 17.3   13.6 31st 39.0
Mount Stuart (Defence) 30.9   35.9 17th 20.1   17.8 10th 11.4
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.8 -0.3 31.7 26th 18.7 -0.2 16.2 31st 57.0 95.5 average 60%
Townsville Aero 29.9 +0.4 31.5 27th 20.2 -0.6 16.4 13th 8.4 23.7 average 35%
Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence) 32.0   36.9 17th 18.0   14.2 13th 0.4
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 27.3 -1.2 29.0 24th 21.4 -0.6 17.5 13th 14.0 33.8 average 41%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 30.2 +0.3 34.2 17th 18.0 -0.2 15.1 13th 7.6 26.4 average 29%
Bowen Airport AWS 28.9   31.0 17th 18.8   15.1 13th 11.2
Collinsville Post Office 33.8 +1.5 37.3 26th 18.8 +1.4 12.3 1st 0.5 21.7 low 2%
Hamilton Island Airport 26.5 -0.9 29.6 24th 21.8 -0.3 19.8 2nd 3.2 25.3 low 13%
Mackay Aero 28.0 -0.5 30.9 23rd 17.6 -0.7 12.8 28th 18.0 36.0 average 50%
Mackay M.O 28.0 +0.2 31.6 26th 19.6 -0.2 15.9 28th 11.6 34.3 average 34%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 27.5   30.5 23rd 17.3   13.2 28th 23.4
Proserpine Airport 30.5 0.0 34.9 26th 16.5 -1.0 12.8 31st 20.8 39.8 average 52%
Samuel Hill Aero 28.0 -0.2 31.9 23rd 14.3 -1.2 10.1 30th 19.0 57.6 low 33%
St Lawrence 29.5 +0.3 33.2 17th 17.1 -0.9 12.5 1st 2.2 39.8 v low 6%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 32.9   36.7 23rd 17.0   14.4 13th 0
Williamson 29.4 +0.4 33.3 17th 16.8 -0.8 11.8 1st 3.8 39.3 low 10%
Woolshed 28.0 +0.4 32.9 17th 17.2 -0.4 14.8 9th 17.4 30.3 average 57%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.2 0.0 30.9 27th 19.3 -0.1 15.6 13th 2.2 54.3 v low 4%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 33.9 +0.9 38.3 23rd 17.1 -1.1 13.8 13th 0 18.2 lowest 0%
Moranbah Airport 33.8 +0.7 39.3 24th 15.5 -0.8 11.3 13th 0 22.8 v low 0%
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 33.5 +1.2 38.8 23rd 16.3 -1.0 12.8 7th 0 54.2 v low 0%
Clermont Airport 33.5 +1.3 39.1 23rd 16.0 +0.3 8.7 28th 0 44.0 v low 0%
Emerald Airport 33.5 +1.6 38.9 23rd 16.4 -0.8 13.1 7th 0 47.9 lowest 0%
Lochington 33.6 +1.5 39.4 23rd 16.2 +0.3 11.3 15th 0 43.4 v low 0%
Rolleston Airport 32.7 +1.4 38.4 23rd 15.0 0.0 10.5 6th 2.0 48.2 v low 4%
Springsure Comet St 32.6 +2.0 38.3 23rd 16.2 +0.9 11.9 9th 1.0 49.3 v low 2%
Tambo Post Office 32.2 +1.2 38.3 25th 13.9 +0.1 6.3 27th 0.2 34.2 v low 1%
Taroom Post Office 32.4 +2.4 38.7 31st 14.8 +0.1 9.3 6th 0 55.0 lowest 0%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 34.3 +2.0 40.2 25th 18.7 +1.1 13.7 27th 4.1 28.5 low 14%
Blackall Airport 34.1 +1.0 40.5 25th 16.7 0.0 11.7 27th 0 27.3 lowest 0%
Isisford Post Office 34.8 +1.6 41.4 25th 17.8 +1.1 10.0 5th 0 27.5 lowest 0%
Longreach Aero 35.8 +1.7 41.8 25th 17.4 +0.3 10.2 5th 0 22.6 lowest 0%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 36.7 +0.8 41.3 24th 17.0 -2.6 8.7 28th 2.8 14.4 average 19%
Carters Bore 35.5   40.3 24th 19.6   9.8 28th 2.4 15.1 low 16%
New May Downs 35.4 -0.3 39.8 24th 19.6 -1.5 12.6 28th 13.0 8.7 average 149%
The Monument Airport 35.2 -0.2 41.0 31st 16.3 -2.1 8.5 28th 2.0 11.9 average 17%
Trepell Airport 35.4 -0.2 40.8 24th 16.5 -2.3 10.7 6th 16.0 15.0 high 107%
Winton Airport 36.4 +0.3 41.8 25th 17.7 -0.9 10.9 6th 0 8.9 lowest 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie 33.5 -0.6 40.8 24th     10.2 5th 0 13.6 lowest 0%
Birdsville Airport 33.2 -0.2 41.5 30th 16.6 -0.7 9.4 5th 3.0 9.3 average 32%
Windorah Airport 34.1   40.5 31st 17.6   10.6 5th 1.6
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 28.9 +1.8 31.6 6th 16.0 -0.6 12.6 9th 2.8 78.0 lowest 4%
Gayndah Airport 32.5 +2.3 37.3 23rd 13.8 -1.4 8.8 9th 0.2 73.0 lowest 0%
Gladstone Airport 28.1 +0.4 32.2 17th 18.1 -0.5 14.6 11th 33.6 62.3 average 54%
Gladstone Radar 29.2 +0.7 32.4 26th 18.9 +0.1 16.1 9th 38.4 63.0 average 61%
Lady Elliot Island 26.8 +1.2 29.1 4th 21.1 +0.7 17.3 11th 0.8 57.6 lowest 1%
Rockhampton Aero 31.3 +1.6 36.4 26th 17.3 +0.1 13.8 13th 2.6 49.9 v low 5%
Rundle Island 24.5 -0.4 27.8 25th 20.8 -0.4 16.9 7th
Seventeen Seventy 27.7 +1.7 30.2 25th 19.3 0.0 13.2 29th 12.2 65.3 v low 19%
Thangool Airport 32.3 +1.8 36.6 24th 12.4 -1.2 7.8 1st 0 57.8 lowest 0%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 30.3 +2.5 37.5 31st 12.0 -1.3 7.3 9th 6.2 73.4 lowest 8%
Archerfield Airport 28.5 +1.4 34.0 13th 15.2 +0.7 10.3 9th 22.8 78.8 low 29%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 29.6 +1.5 36.9 31st 13.1 -0.1 8.2 9th 0.2 73.6 v low 0%
Beerburrum Forest Station 28.2 +0.7 36.0 31st 14.7 0.0 10.8 1st 8.0 93.1 v low 9%
Brisbane 27.5 +0.5 32.6 13th 16.8 +0.3 13.2 9th 18.4 84.8 v low 22%
Brisbane Aero 26.3 +0.8 28.9 15th 16.2 +0.3 11.8 9th 6.4 80.8 v low 8%
Canungra (Defence) 28.1   35.9 31st 11.4   5.9 9th 3.8
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.4 +1.2 27.2 26th 18.8 +0.9 15.2 28th 25.4 79.4 low 32%
Coolangatta 25.7 +1.0 29.9 13th 17.1 +1.2 11.0 9th 47.0 93.0 average 51%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 26.4 +1.7 30.1 26th 19.2 +0.6 16.5 8th 0 71.8 lowest 0%
Gold Coast Seaway 26.0 +0.6 29.5 13th 17.7 +0.7 14.1 9th 14.4 88.3 low 16%
Greenbank (Defence) 29.3   35.7 31st 12.4   7.1 9th 31.8
Gympie 30.1 +1.8 35.6 23rd 13.6 -0.3 8.8 9th 0.4 71.8 lowest 1%
Hervey Bay Airport 27.0 +0.4 28.5 21st 16.8 -0.1 11.7 1st 19.4 80.8 low 24%
Kingaroy Airport 29.1 +1.8 35.1 23rd 11.0 -0.8 5.5 6th 1.2 59.6 lowest 2%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 27.6 +1.0 33.0 13th 15.2 +0.1 11.5 10th 13.5 72.3 v low 19%
Maryborough 28.8 +1.0 32.3 26th 14.3 -1.1 11.2 30th 33.8 78.0 average 43%
Point Lookout 26.0 +0.5 29.3 21st 19.1 +0.7 15.8 8th 25.0 93.5 low 27%
Rainbow Beach 26.2 +0.6 29.9 23rd 16.9 +0.1 12.6 30th 27.6 105.1 low 26%
Redcliffe 26.1 +0.5 30.7 13th 17.3 +0.2 13.3 9th 5.4 92.1 v low 6%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 26.0   29.1 15th 16.1   11.8 9th 7.2
Sunshine Coast Airport 26.3 +0.6 31.5 31st 15.3 -0.4 11.2 10th 32.6 91.9 low 35%
Tewantin RSL Park 26.2 +0.6 31.7 31st 16.6 -0.4 13.2 10th 34.6 116.3 low 30%
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 27.1   32.9 26th 15.3   12.1 11th 27.6
University of Queensland Gatton 30.4 +2.2 38.7 31st 12.0 -1.2 7.3 9th 3.6 65.3 v low 6%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 24.9 +2.9 31.7 25th 8.8 -0.3 1.9 6th 19.0 74.1 v low 26%
Dalby Airport 30.3 +1.9 37.0 24th 11.6 -1.1 4.9 14th 16.0 60.3 low 27%
Goondiwindi Airport 30.9   39.5 25th 13.3   7.8 6th 3.6
Oakey Aero 29.6 +2.8 37.0 31st 10.7 -0.7 3.2 6th 4.2 57.7 v low 7%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 25.6 +2.9 33.0 25th 8.7 -0.4 2.2 6th 19.7 70.1 v low 28%
Texas Post Office 30.8 +2.8 37.5 31st 12.2 +0.3 5.6 6th 6.0 60.8 v low 10%
Toowoomba Airport 26.7 +2.2 34.0 25th 12.3 -0.6 8.3 27th 4.6 67.0 lowest 7%
Warwick 28.4 +2.4 35.5 31st 10.4 -0.3 4.1 6th 7.2 69.9 v low 10%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 31.0 +1.4 38.2 31st 13.3 -0.6 6.0 14th 15.6 47.4 low 33%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 31.9 +2.3 39.1 31st 12.6 -0.2 5.4 14th 0 48.2 lowest 0%
Mitchell Post Office 32.8 +3.3 40.2 25th 12.9 +0.5 5.4 27th 1.3 42.9 v low 3%
Roma Airport 31.7 +1.8 40.5 25th 14.2 +0.6 6.2 6th 6.8 49.9 v low 14%
St George Airport 31.6 +1.9 40.3 25th 15.0 +0.4 8.2 5th 3.0 43.3 low 7%
Surat 31.4 +2.2 39.9 25th 14.8 +0.9 6.6 6th 2.0 49.0 v low 4%
Warrego (district 44)
Charleville Aero 32.6 +2.6 39.9 25th 15.2 +0.7 7.0 27th 0 35.6 lowest 0%
Cunnamulla Post Office 31.8 +2.0 38.7 21st 15.7 +0.8 9.0 5th 0.7 25.5 low 3%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 31.8 -0.7 41.5 2nd 17.2 -0.1 11.5 27th 19.4 10.8 high 180%
Thargomindah Airport 31.9 +0.5 40.0 21st 17.2 +0.3 9.6 5th 29.8 18.0 high 166%
Offshore Islands
Bougainville Reef 25.5   26.3 27th 24.2   23.2 12th
Cato Island 24.7   28.0 27th 21.0   18.2 10th
Gannet Cay 24.5   26.7 23rd 21.9   19.1 10th
Lihou Reef Lighthouse 25.2   26.3 27th 23.2   21.5 22nd
Marion Reef 24.7   26.9 27th 22.8   20.4 20th
Middle Percy Island 25.8 0.0 28.6 17th 19.9 -0.3 16.9 9th 8.6 32.7 low 26%
Willis Island 28.4 -0.3 30.2 27th 23.8 +0.1 21.9 3rd 12.8 21.2 average 60%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, usually published in the first week of the following month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Wednesday 1 November 2023. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Information about Australian Indigenous seasonal calendars is available at the Indigenous Weather Knowledge website.


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Climate