Greater Brisbane in January 2019: A dry and hot start to the year

It was an exceptionally dry start to the year in Greater Brisbane, and the driest on record for some sites. Daytime temperatures were well above average, with some locations more than 2 °C warmer than usual. Brisbane had a record run of 16 days in a row at or above 32 °C, as well as its warmest mean maximum temperature on record. Overnight temperatures were near or above average at all locations.

A very dry month in Greater Brisbane

  • Rainfall in the Greater Brisbane area was well below average, and the lowest on record for some locations
  • Much of the rain for January fell in the first ten days of the month
  • A few isolated showers produced light falls near the end of the month at some sites

Warm days and nights overall

  • It was a hot start to the year, with all locations in Greater Brisbane recording warmer than usual daytime temperatures; some locations recorded mean maximum temperatures more than 2 °C above average
  • Brisbane had a record run of 16 days in a row at or above 32 °C, surpassing the previous January record of five days ending on 30 January 2001; the run of 16 days was also a record for any month, beating the previous record of 14 days ending 13 February 2017
  • Archerfield also had a record run of 17 days at or above 32 °C (previous January record was 10 days ending 31 January 1940)
  • Gatton had a record run of 15 days at or above 35 °C, beating the previous January record of nine days ending 9 January 1994; this was also a record for any month, surpassing the previous record of 14 days ending 12 February 2017
  • Overnight temperatures were near or above average at all sites in Greater Brisbane
  • Logan City had its highest January mean daily maximum temperature on record while Gatton and Cape Moreton Lighthouse had their equal highest mean maximum temperature on record
  • Brisbane Airport had its highest January mean temperature on record

Brisbane

  • Total rainfall for Brisbane was 27.6 mm, which is 20% of the long-term average of 139.3 mm
  • The mean daily maximum temperature for Brisbane was 31.9 °C, which is the warmest of record at this site. It was 1.5 °C above the long-term average of 30.4 °C
  • Brisbane's warmest day was 33.6 °C on the 23rd, and the coolest day was on the 3rd when the temperature reached 29.4 °C
  • The mean daily minimum temperature for Brisbane was 22.7 °C, and 1.2 °C above the long-term average of 21.5 °C . The coldest morning was 20.2 °C on the 12th, and the warmest morning was on the 25th when the minimum temperature was 25.2 °C

Further information

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Enquiries

Extremes in January 2019
Hottest day 38.8 °C at University of Queensland Gatton on the 19th
Warmest days on average 35.2 °C at University of Queensland Gatton
Coolest days on average 29.5 °C at Cape Moreton Lighthouse
Coldest day 27.8 °C at Redland (Alexandra Hills) on the 3rd
Coldest night 15.1 °C at University of Queensland Gatton on the 12th
Coolest nights on average 19.1 °C at University of Queensland Gatton
Warmest nights on average 23.5 °C at Cape Moreton Lighthouse
Warmest night 25.3 °C at Redcliffe on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 27.8 °C at Point Lookout
Coolest on average overall 25.8 °C at Redland (Alexandra Hills)
Wettest overall 58.2 mm at Regents Park
Driest overall 1.2 mm at University of Queensland Gatton
Wettest day 54.8 mm at Regents Park on the 4th
Strongest wind gust 96 km/h at University of Queensland Gatton on the 30th

Record lowest January total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Harrisville Mary Street 3.6 5.8 in 2003 122 112.9
Gatton Allan Street 1.6 1.8 in 2003 121 117.8
University of Queensland Gatton 1.2 2.0 in 2003 119 110.1
Toogoolawah Post Office 2.4 4.0 in 2003 111 117.8
Peachester 10.2 14.0 in 2003 101 244.4
Lindfield 2.4 8.7 in 1937 97 152.7
Somerset Dam 6.2 7.0 in 2003 82 132.5
Mt Alford 3.1 5.0 in 2003 78 136.1
Beerburrum Forest Station 6.6 13.4 in 2002 73 195.8
Carneys Creek The Ranch 3.0 6.4 in 2003 45 141.3
Corbould Pk Racecourse 9.0 12.0 in 2003 31 162.4
Brisbane Aero 2.8 9.4 in 2003 25 126.6
Woodford Stanmore 14.6 20.0 in 2001 22 187.5



Record highest January mean daily maximum temperature

New record
( °C )
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 29.5 = 29.5 in 2017 109 27.0
University of Queensland Gatton 35.2 = 35.2 in 1942 96 31.6
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 31.4 31.3 in 2017 26 29.8



Record highest January mean temperature

New record
( °C )
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Brisbane Aero 26.5 26.3 in 2017 24 25.2



Summary statistics for January 2019

Maximum temperatures
( °C )
Minimum temperatures
( °C )
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2019
Mean for
January
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2019
Total for
January
2019
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2019
Fraction of
January
average
Amberley AMO 33.2 +2.0 36.9 19th 19.7 +0.1 16.0 19th 5.0 115.4 v low 4%
Archerfield Airport 32.4 +1.9 34.5 23rd 21.6 +1.3 18.3 12th 26.2 136.0 v low 19%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 33.9 +2.6 37.8 23rd 19.6 +0.4 16.3 12th 2.0 138.7 v low 1%
Beerburrum Forest Station 31.7 +1.4 34.1 28th     16.5 18th 6.6 195.8 lowest 3%
Brisbane 31.9 +1.5 33.6 23rd 22.7 +1.2 20.2 12th 27.6 139.3 low 20%
Brisbane Aero 30.4 +1.3 31.7 23rd 22.6 +1.3 20.8 19th 2.8 126.6 lowest 2%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 29.5 +2.5 30.9 30th 23.5 +1.5 21.9 3rd 14.8 146.4 v low 10%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 31.4 +1.6 33.6 23rd 21.2 +0.6 18.9 2nd 12.7 126.4 v low 10%
Point Lookout 31.9 +2.5 34.4 28th 23.5 +1.0 21.2 20th 39.2 135.3 low 29%
Redcliffe 30.3 +1.2 32.1 28th 23.4 +1.2 21.3 18th 17.0 135.6 v low 13%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 29.9   31.4 28th 21.9   19.4 12th 28.6


University of Queensland Gatton 35.2 +3.6 38.8 19th 19.1 0.0 15.1 12th 1.2 110.1 lowest 1%

Daily maximum temperatures for January 2019

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
Amberley AMO 32.9 32.8 31.3 31.7 32.4 32.0 30.9 30.7 30.4 31.9 32.2 32.8 33.0 32.6 34.2 35.2 33.4 33.3 36.9 34.9 34.2 33.8


34.5 36.1 34.5 33.5 33.6 35.1
Archerfield Airport 31.9 31.5 29.6 31.2 31.7 31.2 31.0 30.4 29.7 31.0 31.6 31.9 32.6 31.9 32.3 34.0 32.6 32.8 33.4 34.2 33.5 32.7 34.5 33.6 34.0 33.4 33.0 33.6 33.3 33.0 33.7
Beaudesert Drumley Street 33.5 32.8 31.7 32.4 33.0 32.8 30.1 31.2 31.4 31.6 32.5 33.4 32.8 33.4 35.5 36.3 34.6 34.6 37.4 35.5 34.9 34.4 37.8 35.0 35.3 35.0 35.7 35.6 33.9 34.0 34.3
Beerburrum Forest Station 30.7 30.4 30.6 30.3 31.1 30.8 30.5 29.8 30.5 31.2 30.9 30.5 31.1 30.6 31.4 32.9 31.7 32.1 33.2 31.9 31.6 32.1 33.1 33.8 32.9 32.3 33.3 34.1 32.4 32.4 32.9
Brisbane 31.6 31.1 29.4 30.1 30.9 31.3 30.1 29.9 29.8 31.0 31.0 31.7 32.1 32.0 31.6 33.3 32.6 32.4 32.9 33.0 32.3 32.2 33.6 33.2 33.2 33.0 32.5 33.2 32.0 32.3 33.0
Brisbane Aero 29.9 29.8 28.5 29.8 29.9 29.7 30.1 29.5 29.3 29.6 29.3 29.8 30.0 29.9 30.6 31.2 30.8 31.1 31.0 30.8 30.8 30.6 31.7 31.5 31.3 31.2 31.0 31.3 30.5 30.7 31.3
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 28.8 28.2 28.7 29.6 29.5 28.8 28.1 28.2 29.3 30.7 28.7 28.0 28.3 28.9 30.2 29.0 30.4 30.1 29.9 29.6 29.7 30.9 30.0 29.4 29.4 29.9 30.1 30.4 28.9 30.9 30.8
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 31.2 29.9 28.9 30.1 30.4 30.7 30.3 30.1 29.8 30.3 30.4 30.1 30.9 30.3 31.0 32.7 31.8 31.9 32.6 31.9 32.6 31.9 33.6 32.5 32.9 32.3 32.7 33.2 31.7 32.1 32.2
Point Lookout 32.4 32.7 29.3
30.5 30.7 31.0 30.6 31.7 30.3 31.4 31.9 32.6 30.2 32.1 32.1 32.7 33.3 30.8 31.7 31.7 33.2 31.0 34.0 33.7 30.3 30.2 34.4 33.3 33.0 34.0
Redcliffe 29.9 29.6 28.8 30.2 30.3 30.7 29.3 29.9 29.4 30.0 29.4 29.3 29.3 30.3 29.9 30.8 30.6 31.0 31.1 30.1 30.0 30.6 31.3 31.3 30.6 30.9 30.8 32.1 30.9 30.8
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 29.1 29.0 27.8 29.4 28.9 29.2 29.6 28.8 28.7 29.9 30.2 30.9 30.9 30.2 29.3 30.4 29.5 29.9 30.0 30.9 31.3 30.1 30.7
29.7 29.9 30.8 31.4 29.8 30.2 30.8
University of Queensland Gatton 34.7 34.1 34.1 33.8 34.3 34.9 30.8 31.0 29.9 33.4 34.5 35.0 34.7 34.8 36.2 37.0 35.6 35.2 38.8 37.0 35.7 35.6 38.1 37.8 36.3 36.3 37.6 36.1 35.6 34.9 36.4
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0  °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period


Daily minimum temperatures for January 2019

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
Amberley AMO 17.6 18.6 18.2 21.5 18.4 21.1 23.0 22.3 21.2 21.8 18.1 17.4 18.3 18.7 19.2 20.7 19.4 16.9 16.0 19.4 21.7 19.7 20.1 22.8 21.8 20.1 17.6 18.0 22.6 18.7 21.0
Archerfield Airport 20.0 19.2 20.3 22.3 20.2 23.1 23.8 23.1 21.7 23.6 20.7 18.3 18.5 20.3 20.8 23.1 23.3 20.3 19.1 20.8 22.8 20.9 22.4 23.9 24.0 23.2 21.3 21.5 23.2 22.6 22.2
Beaudesert Drumley Street 16.9 18.2 18.1 22.0 17.1 20.8 20.3 23.0 19.9 22.1 18.6 16.3 16.9 16.5 18.2 21.3 19.0 17.8 17.9 19.2 22.5 19.3 21.1 21.0 24.3 21.4 18.1 19.9 20.4 19.7 19.5
Beerburrum Forest Station







21.3 21.7 18.3 17.1 18.1 19.5 17.7 17.6 18.5 16.5 16.8 18.8 19.0 19.0 18.7 21.2 22.0 19.7 18.7 18.6 20.0 19.6 20.7
Brisbane 22.9 21.0 20.8 22.5 20.9 24.0 23.9 22.5 22.9 24.4 21.9 20.2 20.8 21.1 21.7 23.9 24.1 21.3 21.7 22.0 23.3 22.4 23.4 24.7 25.2 24.2 23.5 22.9 23.5 22.6 23.4
Brisbane Aero 22.4 21.6 21.6 23.0 24.1 23.9 23.1 22.5 23.5 24.1 23.1 20.9 21.0 22.1 21.0 21.5 23.5 21.1 20.8 21.2 23.4 24.0 22.6 24.5 24.6 23.6 21.7 22.1 23.1 23.1 23.0
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 23.4 23.2 21.9 22.0 23.6 24.1 22.5 23.3 24.1 23.5 23.6 23.3 23.3 23.3 23.1 22.7 23.5 23.8 23.8 22.4 23.5 23.7 23.9 23.8 24.4 24.1 24.1 24.2 24.1 23.3 23.6
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 19.4 18.9 19.9 22.3 19.2 22.2 23.3 23.3 21.4 23.2 20.1 18.9 19.8 19.1 20.8 20.4 21.2 19.2 19.3 21.1 22.1 20.6 22.2 23.4 23.3 22.5 22.9 21.9 22.1 21.0 21.3
Point Lookout
23.2 21.8 21.7
24.0 24.2 24.3 24.7 23.6 24.0 22.3 22.8 23.1 23.2 23.2 23.8 24.6 23.5 21.2 21.7 23.6 23.9 24.1 23.9 23.7 24.8 24.8 24.3 24.1 24.7
Redcliffe 24.1 22.2 22.1 24.0 24.6 24.2 22.2 23.8 23.2 23.9 24.5 24.1 22.8 24.2 22.3 24.0 23.5 21.3 21.4 21.9 23.8 24.2 22.8 24.8 23.3 24.1 22.4 22.8 23.6 25.3 24.2
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 21.0 19.8 20.5 21.3 20.7 22.3 23.6 23.5 24.1 24.2 20.8 19.4 19.8 20.6 20.1 20.8 23.3 21.6 20.6 21.1 21.3 21.0 22.7 24.6 23.5 22.6 23.1 22.2 23.8 22.0 21.5
University of Queensland Gatton 15.3 18.6 16.4 21.5 17.5 18.6 22.8 22.7 19.5 21.6 18.7 15.1 17.1 18.9 18.5 21.3 19.6 15.6 15.5 17.7 22.1 20.5 18.6 22.7 20.2 18.4 17.8 17.9 24.0 17.6 18.3
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0  °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period


Daily rainfall for January 2019

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
Alderley - - 0.4 12.8 - - 0.4 - 0.4 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 0.1 - - 0.1 1.2 0.1
Amberley AMO - - - 3.4 - - - 0.2 0.8 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - -


- - - - -
Archerfield Airport - - 1.4 15.6 0.2 - - 0.2 1.0 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.0
- - - 1.4 1.0
Beaudesert Drumley Street - - - 1.0 0.2 - - - - 0.8 - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Beerburrum Forest Station








3.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.4 - - 0.2 0.6 -
Blackbutt Post Office - - - 17.8 - - - - 18.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - ? ? 0.4

Brisbane - - 8.4 7.0 0.2 - 7.6 2.0 - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
0.6 0.2 - - 1.0 - -
Brisbane Aero - - - 0.4 - - 0.4 0.4 0.2 - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - 0.8
Brisbane Botanic Gardens Mt Coot-Tha - - 1.2 22.0 ? ? 3.2 0.4 1.2 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0





Caloundra Airport - - 2.5 - - - - 1.0 - 0.4 - - - 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - -
Canungra Finch Road


6.0




2.0

















1.0

Capalaba Water Treat - - 4.0 29.0 - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.4 - 0.2 - 0.6 - 9.4
Cape Moreton Lighthouse - - 9.4 4.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 0.4
Carneys Creek The Ranch - - - 3.0


























Clontarf - - 2.6 3.2 0.4 - 10.2 0.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.8 - - - - - 1.4
Coomera Foxwell Road


14.0


























Corbould Pk Racecourse ? ? ? ? ? ? 9.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Ebbw Vale - - 0.2 4.8 - - - - 1.8





















Esk Post Office - - - 3.0 - - 2.4























Fernvale - Burns St - - 1.2 2.8 - - - 0.8 - 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Fort Lytton - - - - ? 5.8 - 0.6 - - - - - - - - 2.0













Gatton Allan Street - - - 0.4 - - - 1.2 -





















Godwin Beach - - 0.2 3.6 - - 1.6 1.2 0.6 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.6 - 0.2
Greenbank Thompson Road - - 1.0 17.4 - - - 3.6 - 1.2 1.2 - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0
Harrisville Mary Street - - 0.2 1.2 - - - 0.2 1.0 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Highvale 0.2 - 3.0 6.4 - - 6.6 0.6 1.2 1.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2

Karalee - - 0.5 5.8 - - - - ? ? 1.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - 0.5

Landsborough 0.4 - 0.6 2.4 - - 1.2 0.2 0.8 - - - -

















Lindfield - - 0.4 - - - - - 1.4 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - -
Logan City Water Treatment Plant - - 2.4 7.2 - - - - - 0.5 1.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - 0.2 -
Lowood Don St - - 1.0 0.9 - - - - - 1.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Manly Railway Station - - 0.9 - - - 0.3 1.3 - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 2.1
Maroon Dam - - - 1.4 - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 25.0






Mt Alford - - - 2.8 0.2 - - - 0.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -






Mt Tamborine Fern St - - 1.0 17.4 - - - - 3.0 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - 3.6
Ormiston College - - 32.0



























Peachester - - 1.8 6.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.4
Point Lookout - - 9.0 28.6 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.8 -
Redcliffe - - 0.2 0.2 - - 12.6 - 2.0 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0
- - 0.8 - -
Redland (Alexandra Hills) - - 3.0 23.6 - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - 1.4
Regents Park - - 1.0 54.8 - - - - 0.2 0.4 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 1.0

Rocky Point Sugar Mill - - 10.0 - - - - 2.0 - 1.0 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.8 0.2
Somerset Dam - - - 0.6 - - 0.6 1.4 3.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Toogoolawah Post Office - - - - - - - 1.0 1.4





















University of Queensland Gatton - - - - - - 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4
Wamuran - - 2.2 33.7 - - 0.2 4.3 - 3.2 - - 0.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -



Wivenhoe Dam - - 2.6 0.6 - - 1.0 0.4 - 1.0




















Woodford Stanmore - - - 6.0 - - - 2.4 4.6 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0

Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with ? are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Greater Brisbane using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This summary includes data from observing sites in or near the Greater Brisbane “Greater Capital City Statistical Area” (GCCSA). The Australian Bureau of Statistics designed the GCCSAs to “include the population within the urban area of the city, as well as people who regularly socialise, shop or work within the city, and live in small towns and rural areas surrounding the city. It is important to note that GCCSAs do not define the built up edge of the city. They provide a stable definition for these cities and are designed for the output of a range of social and economic survey data.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Friday 1 February 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries