Queensland in January 2015: Warm nights across most of the state

January 2015 saw another month of warm night time temperatures for QLD, with minimum temperatures 0.67 C above the mean. Four stations recorded their warmest January mean minimum temperatures on record, with Brisbane experiencing its warmest night since 2004 (26.5 C on 18th). Day time temperatures were above average close to the east coastal strip, particularly in the north of the state. A four day warm spell in the southeast, starting on the 15th, was caused by hot air from the north meeting a trough from the west of the state.

The state-wide average rainfall was 1.5% below the mean, with above average rainfall mainly in the Central, North-west and Channel country. Below average rainfall was mainly centred on the far north of the state. On the evening of the 11th a surface trough formed over the Gold Coast. High humidity in the area created an unstable environment and the resultant heavy, slow moving showers lead to localised flash flooding. There was a severe thunderstorm in Townsville on the evening of 19th, and severe weather continued on the 21st in the Central Coast and Whitsundays, Central Highlands and Coalfields, Capricornia and parts of the Herbert and Lower Burdekin forecast districts. There was also widespread rain on the east coast, particularly around Mackay, on the 22nd and 23rd. Brisbane was impacted by a hail-storm on the 31st. There were four stations that had their highest January total rainfall on record.

•    Birdsville Airport received more rain for January 2015 (76.2 mm), than in total for the whole of 2014 (56.4 mm)
•    Mt Isa received 292.8 mm, the biggest January falls since 2009.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in January 2015
Hottest day 44.2 C at Birdsville Airport on the 2nd
Warmest days on average 38.1 C at Longreach Aero
Coolest days on average 26.7 C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 19.6 C at Applethorpe on the 28th
Coldest night 10.1 C at Applethorpe on the 29th
Coolest nights on average 15.6 C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 26.5 C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 30.8 C at Isisford Post Office on the 14th
Warmest on average overall 31.4 C at Isisford Post Office
Coolest on average overall 21.1 C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 670.0 mm at Mt Sophia
Driest overall1.0 mm at Homeleigh
Wettest day250.0 mm at Kamilaroi Station on the 3rd
Strongest wind gust 113 km/h at Heron Island Res Stn on the 25th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest January daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Kamilaroi Station 250.0 on the 3rd 200.4 on the 28th in 2012 85
Spring Creek Station 159.8 on the 22nd 132.4 on the 11th in 2004 64



Record highest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Spring Creek Station 346.6 320.4 in 2004 64 110.5
Frankfield Station 267.0 191.0 in 2010 27 75.3
Coconut Island 592.4 501.6 in 2010 20 289.1
Yeppoon The Esplanade 311.8 302.2 in 1999 20 133.3

Highest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
January
Southport Ridgeway Ave 553.0 775.8 in 1974* 37 181.3
Woorarra 295.6 313.0 in 1984 31 103.2
Roseberth Station 96.5 178.0 in 1985* 29 26.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Homeleigh 1.0 10.0 in 2002 98 125.3

Lowest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
January
Laura Post Office 2.2 0.0 in 1942* 71 229.6
Gregory Springs Station 6.4 0.8 in 1967* 47 184.7
Tiree 5.4 4.9 in 1990* 22 97.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest January mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Mackay Aero 32.2 31.8 in 2006 28 30.2
Seventeen Seventy 30.7 30.5 in 2010 27 29.3
Sunshine Coast Airport 30.4 30.3 in 2010 20 28.8

Highest January mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
January
Cairns Aero 32.9 33.6 in 1994 21 31.5
South Johnstone Exp Stn 32.7 33.3 in 1994* 20 31.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest January daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 25.7 on the 26th 25.5 on the 30th in 1998 59 21.9



Record highest January mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Cairns Aero 24.7 = 24.7 in 1980 72 23.7
South Johnstone Exp Stn 23.8 = 23.8 in 1991 61 22.6
Ayr DPI Research Stn 24.0 = 24.0 in 2004 57 22.7
Lockhart River Airport 24.6 = 24.6 in 2013 49 23.7

Highest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
January
Innisfail 24.5 25.8 in 1948 67 22.8
Cardwell Marine Pde 24.5 24.9 in 1987 28 22.9
Gympie 21.1 21.9 in 1987* 27 19.6
Palmerville 24.4 24.5 in 1987* 24 22.9
Archerfield Airport 21.8 22.4 in 1994 21 20.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest January mean temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Innisfail 28.4 = 28.4 in 2002 105 26.9
Mackay Aero 27.9 27.8 in 2013 28 26.6
Sunshine Coast Airport 26.2 26.0 in 2013 20 25.0

Highest January mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
January
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.2 28.4 in 1992* 22 26.9
Cairns Aero 28.8 29.1 in 1994 21 27.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for January 2015
Maximum temperatures
(C)
Minimum temperatures
(C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2015
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2015
Mean for
January
2015
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2015
Total for
January
2015
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2015
Fraction of
January
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.0 -0.8 34.1 1st 25.7 -0.1 23.7 9th 592.4 289.1 highest 205%
Coen Airport 32.8 +0.5 36.9 3rd 24.0 +0.2 22.1 10th 309.0 304.2 average 102%
Horn Island 30.6 -0.2 32.9 1st 25.1 0.0 23.0 10th 595.6 412.1 high 145%
Scherger RAAF 31.6   36.0 1st 24.5   22.7 10th 399.8 532.5 low 75%
Weipa Aero 31.5 -0.4 35.4 1st 24.6 +0.4 22.6 2nd 415.6 481.9 average 86%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 32.2 +0.5 35.6 30th 24.6 +0.9 22.9 10th 589.6 404.1 high 146%
Palmerville 34.2 +0.8 37.4 2nd 24.4 +1.5 21.5 9th 224.0 266.5 average 84%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 34.6 +0.4 39.1 30th 25.2 -0.1 20.2 29th 163.8 254.6 low 64%
Century Mine 37.5 +1.2 42.7 31st 25.1 +0.4 22.0 30th 60.0 204.0 v low 29%
Cloncurry Airport 35.7 -0.9 41.0 1st 24.5 -0.2 21.4 26th 197.0 175.8 average 112%
Julia Creek Airport 37.5 +0.3 42.0 30th 24.2 +0.6 17.9 28th 113.8 140.7 average 81%
Kowanyama Airport 32.6 -0.4 34.8 19th 25.1 +0.8 22.9 22nd 277.4 340.4 average 81%
Lake Julius AWS 35.3   41.3 1st 24.9   22.1 26th 288.4
Mornington Island Airport 32.0   34.3 29th 26.2   23.2 8th 303.6
Mount Isa Aero 35.4 -1.0 39.9 31st 23.7 0.0 19.3 30th 292.8 118.1 v high 248%
Normanton Airport 33.9 +0.1 37.5 30th 25.5 +0.3 22.8 29th 297.4 246.9 high 120%
Sweers Island 32.5 +0.1 36.5 30th 26.5 +0.2 23.4 22nd 368.6 346.7 average 106%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.7 +0.1 38.0 19th 23.6 +0.3 17.9 29th 282.4 267.1 high 106%
Hughenden Airport 35.1 -0.3 38.8 15th 23.4 0.0 17.2 28th 157.8 136.4 average 116%
Richmond Airport 36.2 -0.4 40.6 20th 24.0 +0.7 17.0 28th 216.0 128.2 high 168%
Richmond Post Office 36.7 -0.2 40.4 1st 24.2 +1.2 17.5 28th 213.5 122.2 high 175%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 32.9 +1.4 36.3 29th 24.7 +1.0 22.6 7th 216.4 391.9 low 55%
Cairns Racecourse 33.5   37.0 21st 24.3   22.5 13th 252.8
Cape Flattery 32.6 +0.6 36.5 20th 25.2 +0.6 23.4 20th 222.0 293.2 low 76%
Cooktown Airport 33.9 +2.1 37.7 29th 24.9 +0.6 23.1 20th 181.0 277.8 average 65%
Low Isles Lighthouse 33.2 +1.0 36.8 28th 26.0 +0.5 22.7 27th 266.8 399.5 average 67%
Mareeba Airport 33.1 +2.1 36.2 18th 22.1 +0.8 19.4 29th 133.6 217.7 low 61%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 31.8 +0.3 36.5 25th 24.5 +1.6 22.2 13th 426.4 440.4 average 97%
Ingham Composite 33.7 +1.4 38.4 27th 23.8 +0.8 21.9 7th 227.3 385.6 average 59%
Innisfail 32.2 +1.3 35.0 29th 24.5 +1.7 22.3 13th 395.1 510.9 average 77%
Lucinda Point 31.1 +1.0 33.7 27th 26.1 +0.8 21.9 31st 100.2 182.8 average 55%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 32.7 +1.5 36.3 27th 23.8 +1.2 21.3 29th 298.2 523.8 average 57%
Townsville Aero 32.6 +1.2 36.0 27th 25.2 +0.9 21.9 7th 178.4 272.6 average 65%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 31.4 +0.3 34.1 18th 25.4 +0.8 21.3 7th 323.0 252.7 average 128%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 32.2 +0.4 36.5 27th 24.0 +1.3 21.2 7th 279.0 219.6 high 127%
Bowen Airport 31.5 0.0 34.3 18th 24.1 +0.3 21.4 23rd 239.9 178.9 average 134%
Collinsville Post Office 33.9 +0.5 37.1 20th 22.6 +0.7 20.1 8th 221.2 136.8 high 162%
Hamilton Island Airport 30.7 +1.0 34.5 19th 25.0 +0.3 21.0 23rd 209.0 281.0 low 74%
Mackay Aero 32.2 +2.0 34.7 19th 23.7 +0.7 20.1 21st 295.0 313.1 average 94%
Mackay M.O 31.8 +1.7 35.5 19th 24.1 +0.5 20.3 21st 230.6 276.8 average 83%
Proserpine Airport 32.3 +0.8 36.2 19th 23.2 +0.6 20.2 23rd 292.8 292.7 average 100%
Samuel Hill Aero 31.4 +0.7 36.8 25th 22.0 +0.5 19.4 12th 349.2 214.2 high 163%
St Lawrence 32.3 +0.7 37.0 26th 23.2 +0.2 21.0 8th 192.2 196.6 average 98%
Williamson 32.1   37.2 25th 23.0   20.3 21st 270.2 172.7 high 156%
Woolshed 29.6 +1.1 34.7 27th 21.2 +0.5 18.2 7th 398.2 260.0 average 153%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 30.3 +1.0 36.1 25th 24.4 +0.7 21.6 21st 311.8 133.3 highest 234%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 34.2 +0.5 39.1 20th 22.9 +0.5 20.0 7th 186.4 158.4 high 118%
Moranbah Airport 33.6   38.2 14th 21.7   19.1 23rd 206.6
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 33.4   37.9 19th 22.1   19.4 21st 152.2
Clermont Airport 33.5   37.0 14th 21.8   18.9 9th 115.6
Emerald Airport 34.3 -0.1 38.2 19th 22.5 +0.3 19.9 7th 100.2 87.6 average 114%
Lochington 33.6   37.5 13th 21.7   17.3 21st 258.6
Rolleston Airport 33.7   37.9 19th 21.7   18.8 7th 170.8
Springsure Comet St 33.0 -1.0 36.4 19th 20.2 -0.6 16.8 18th 283.4 110.1 v high 257%
Tambo Post Office 35.8 +0.9 40.5 26th 21.4 +1.0 17.8 7th 41.8 80.2 average 52%
Taroom Post Office 33.9 +0.2 39.6 25th 21.5 +0.9 17.9 7th 173.6 98.9 high 176%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 36.7 +1.1 42.1 20th 24.2 +1.1 19.2 23rd 66.3 86.4 average 77%
Blackall Airport 37.5 +1.6 42.5 25th 23.9 +1.1 20.7 6th 32.2 100.3 low 32%
Isisford Post Office 38.0 +1.1 43.0 25th 24.8 +1.8 20.9 6th 27.6 69.8 average 40%
Longreach Aero 38.1 +1.1 42.9 20th 24.3 +1.2 19.9 6th 37.2 77.9 average 48%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 35.6 -1.7 40.6 1st 24.2 -0.1 16.1 29th 191.6 99.2 high 193%
Carters Bore 35.1   39.7 1st 24.4   18.2 29th 147.8
New May Downs 35.3   39.2 31st 23.7   20.0 29th 221.6
The Monument Airport 36.6 -0.8 42.8 25th 24.6 +0.2 19.8 28th 24.8 67.8 low 37%
Trepell Airport 36.2 -1.2 42.4 25th 24.8 +0.5 20.8 29th 70.6 101.9 average 69%
Urandangi Aerodrome 36.3   41.1 24th 24.1   17.3 29th 125.6
Winton Airport 37.2 -0.3 41.1 20th 24.6 +0.5 20.0 28th 105.2 82.5 average 128%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 37.1 -3.4 44.2 2nd 24.4 -2.1 16.9 28th 76.2 23.2 high 328%
Boulia Airport     39.8 30th 25.3 +0.7 20.2 30th 35.6 47.7 average 75%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 31.0 +0.8 34.5 17th 22.3 +0.9 20.1 30th 169.6 174.9 average 97%
Gayndah Airport 32.3 -1.3 37.5 19th 21.6 +0.9 18.4 8th 102.0 97.0 average 105%
Gladstone Airport 31.4 +0.7 34.3 19th 23.6 +0.6 21.2 31st 259.2 147.9 high 175%
Gladstone Radar 32.3 +1.0 35.6 19th 23.3 +0.8 21.3 22nd 248.8 153.5 high 162%
Lady Elliot Island 30.6 +1.4 32.1 19th 25.0 +1.1 23.0 22nd 116.8 122.4 average 95%
Monto Township 31.1 -0.9 36.1 19th 20.6 +1.3 17.6 9th 131.3 112.6 average 117%
Rockhampton Aero 32.3 +0.4 37.1 19th 23.2 +1.1 20.7 8th 154.6 133.1 high 116%
Rundle Island 29.3 +1.2 31.7 20th 24.5 +0.2 20.9 22nd
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 30.6 +1.2 33.8 26th 23.5 +1.2 18.0 20th 164.3 162.9 average 101%
Seventeen Seventy 30.7 +1.4 32.5 16th 24.0 +1.1 19.6 21st 304.2 170.3 v high 179%
Thangool Airport 31.9 -1.7 36.7 18th 20.4 +0.7 16.9 9th 118.0 98.1 average 120%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 31.7 +0.6 39.4 17th 20.6 +1.0 16.4 8th 145.0 116.9 average 124%
Archerfield Airport 30.9 +0.5 37.4 18th 21.8 +1.5 18.5 8th 243.2 139.3 high 175%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 31.2   37.7 17th 19.9   15.3 8th 121.8
Beerburrum Forest Station 30.3 +0.1 36.9 17th 20.9 +1.2 18.1 9th 309.0 203.1 high 152%
Brisbane 30.5 +0.3 36.7 25th 22.5 +1.1 19.5 28th 322.4 153.9 high 209%
Brisbane Aero 29.4 +0.4 36.3 15th 22.4 +1.2 18.2 8th 201.0 142.3 average 141%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 28.2 +1.3 30.9 18th 23.0 +1.1 19.1 20th 164.0 149.6 average 110%
Coolangatta 29.1 +0.9 32.5 25th 21.8 +0.9 18.2 30th 409.6 165.0 v high 248%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 29.9 +2.1 34.3 19th 23.3 +0.9 20.7 20th 170.8 164.1 average 104%
Gold Coast Seaway 29.7 +1.0 36.5 15th 22.3 +0.5 19.2 20th 388.2 139.9 v high 277%
Gympie 31.2 0.0 38.0 18th 21.1 +1.5 17.3 31st 106.6 164.8 average 65%
Hervey Bay Airport 30.8 +0.8 33.7 26th 22.7 +0.7 19.3 30th 114.0 147.8 average 77%
Jimna Forestry 27.9 -0.2 34.4 17th 18.2 +0.7 14.5 16th 113.2 125.8 average 90%
Kingaroy Airport 30.1 -0.7 35.7 18th 18.6 +0.6 14.4 16th 134.2 96.1 high 140%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 30.2 +0.5 37.0 17th 21.6 +1.1 18.5 30th 155.5 135.4 average 115%
Maleny Tamarind St 26.9 -0.3 34.4 18th 19.7 +0.8 17.0 8th 292.1 285.6 average 102%
Maryborough 31.2 +0.5 36.1 17th 21.3 +0.6 18.2 20th 216.6 165.1 high 131%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 29.6   35.1 25th 21.4   18.5 9th 259.8
Rainbow Beach 29.3 +0.5 32.1 18th       105.6 175.4 average 60%
Redcliffe 29.4 +0.4 36.6 15th 22.9 +0.8 19.7 31st 210.8 165.5 average 127%
Sunshine Coast Airport 30.4 +1.6 36.2 15th 22.1 +0.8 18.3 31st 153.8 150.2 average 102%
Tewantin RSL Park 29.2 +0.8 34.1 15th 23.0 +1.1 19.9 31st 95.6 146.7 average 65%
University of Queensland Gatton 31.4 -0.1 38.0 18th 20.3 +1.2 16.0 8th 92.6 112.1 average 83%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 26.7 +0.3 31.3 18th 15.6 +0.4 10.1 29th 89.6 98.3 average 91%
Dalby Airport 31.8 -0.7 37.1 18th 19.0 +0.3 14.7 18th 107.4 75.9 average 142%
Goondiwindi Airport 32.7 -1.3 38.3 18th 20.2 -0.1 16.4 30th 146.4 93.3 high 157%
Oakey Aero 30.8 0.0 36.5 18th 18.6 +0.8 14.9 16th 40.8 80.7 average 51%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 27.0 -0.4 33.0 18th 16.0 +0.4 10.9 29th 72.3 96.9 average 75%
Texas Post Office 32.7 -1.0 37.5 18th 19.2 +0.6 14.9 19th 197.2 88.8 v high 222%
Toowoomba Airport 27.7 -0.4 33.7 18th 18.5 +1.0 14.8 29th 49.2 99.8 average 49%
Warwick 29.6 -0.5 35.4 18th 17.6 +0.6 13.7 29th 97.6 83.5 average 117%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 32.2 -1.5 36.8 25th 20.2 -0.1 16.0 19th 146.4 76.9 high 190%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 32.2 -1.4 37.1 25th 20.1 +0.5 15.4 19th 57.0 88.5 average 64%
Mitchell Post Office 33.7 -0.4 38.1 25th 20.3 +0.3 14.5 19th 68.1 80.4 average 85%
Roma Airport 32.5 -1.7 38.7 26th 20.0 -0.9 14.7 19th 85.6 70.9 high 121%
St George Airport 34.3 -0.5 39.6 26th 21.6 -0.2 16.5 30th 33.8 54.7 average 62%
Surat 33.5 -0.7 39.4 25th 20.8 +0.1 15.2 19th 51.2 71.6 average 72%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 35.1 -0.4 40.9 26th 21.9 +0.4 17.0 19th 57.4 64.1 average 90%
Charleville Aero 34.5 -0.5 39.3 25th 21.8 +0.1 17.7 17th 93.8 74.4 high 126%
Cunnamulla Post Office 35.7 -0.3 41.2 1st 22.0 -0.2 18.5 15th 81.0 47.7 high 170%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 37.6 -1.9 42.6 1st 24.1 -1.6 19.6 28th 58.2 29.5 high 197%
Thargomindah Airport 36.7 -1.9 42.2 1st 23.9 -1.6 19.2 31st 38.8 36.9 average 105%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 29.8 +1.3 32.0 25th 23.8 +0.5 19.6 23rd 114.0 186.6 average 61%
Willis Island 31.0 +0.3 32.8 18th 26.3 +0.6 23.7 19th 96.4 195.3 average 49%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 2 February 2015. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries