Queensland in December 2018: tropical cyclone Owen produced widespread falls in the east

Tropical cyclone Owen brought moderate to locally heavy falls to the north and east of the State. Mean maximum temperatures were warmer than usual in the north and the western half of Queensland. Overnight temperatures were warmer than average across most of Queensland.

Rainfall above average

  • December rainfall was well above average in eastern Queensland, due to the passage of ex-tropical cyclone Owen
  • Below average December rainfall was recorded in western Queensland, but near-average elsewhere
  • A surface trough extending the east coast produced showers and storms, with moderate falls in eastern and northern Queensland at the start of the month
  • Ex-tropical cyclone Owen crossed the coast near Port Douglas at around 3am on 10 December, and moved westwards across northern Queensland, and brought heavy rainfall to the north tropical coast, with daily rainfall totals ranging from 250 mm to 350 mm
  • Ex-tropical cyclone Owen re-intensified to a category 1 system on the evening of 11 December in the Gulf of Carpentaria, and reached category 2 strength by the 12th
  • Severe tropical cyclone Owen crossed the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula on 15 December and the system weakened to a tropical low and tracked across the northern tropics and then down the north tropical to central coasts
  • Daily rainfall totals in excess of 400 mm were recorded around Lucinda to Ingham, and Halifax recorded 678 mm to 9am on 16 December; some sites had their highest December daily rainfall on record or their highest total December rainfall on record
  • An active monsoon trough at the end of the month produced moderate to locally heavy falls in the north tropical coast and Cape York Peninsula
  • A low pressure system intensified over the Gulf of Carpentaria, and formed into tropical cyclone Penny early on 1 January 2019

Daytime temperatures above average in the north and west

Severe thunderstorms

  • Severe thunderstorms produced damaging winds that brought down trees and powerlines around Mareeba on the 3rd, along with hail up to 2 cm at Atherton on the 4th
  • There were reports of roof damage and fallen trees near Eidsvold and Monto on the 4th, due to severe thunderstorms

Further information

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Extremes in December 2018
Hottest day 48.0 °C at Birdsville Airport on the 19th
Warmest days on average 41.7 °C at Camooweal Township and at Urandangi Aerodrome
Coolest days on average 27.1 °C at Cape Moreton Lighthouse
Coldest day 21.1 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 7th
Coldest night 10.3 °C at Applethorpe on the 2nd
Coolest nights on average 14.5 °C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 27.9 °C at Lake Julius AWS and at Sweers Island
Warmest night 33.0 °C at Lake Julius AWS on the 21st
Warmest on average overall 34.6 °C at Lake Julius AWS
Coolest on average overall 21.4 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 1635.0 mm at Daintree Village
Wettest day 678.0 mm at Halifax Macrossan St on the 16th
Strongest wind gust 111 km/h at Longreach Aero on the 13th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest December daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Lucinda Township 500.0 on the 16th 445.5 on the 7th in 1964 123
Halifax Macrossan St 678.0 on the 16th 307.3 on the 31st in 1933 121
Victoria Sugar Mill 562.0 on the 16th 432.3 on the 7th in 1964 118
Bambaroo 321.0 on the 16th 302.4 on the 21st in 1976 100
Whyanbeel Valley 255.6 on the 25th 237.8 on the 24th in 2015 81
Cardwell Range 552.0 on the 16th 292.1 on the 28th in 1975 54
Cooranga North 93.0 on the 15th 84.0 on the 15th in 1992 54
Ingham Composite 485.0 on the 16th 248.0 on the 20th in 1976 50
Hazelmere 166.0 on the 26th 108.0 on the 25th in 1992 46
Coolmunda Dam 88.0 on the 17th 75.0 on the 5th in 2003 43
Daintree Village 343.0 on the 11th 231.1 on the 12th in 1973 41
Lucinda Point 390.4 on the 16th 90.0 on the 4th in 1995 34
Frankfield Station 112.0 on the 16th 78.0 on the 6th in 2014 30
Crystal Brook 108.0 on the 9th 105.0 on the 31st in 2012 25
Gairloch 398.0 on the 16th 192.0 on the 30th in 1997 25
Wivenhoe Dam 76.4 on the 17th 74.0 on the 10th in 2014 24
Woolshed 134.4 on the 16th 126.2 on the 31st in 2009 21



Record highest December total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Cardwell Marine Pde 1051.8 989.2 in 1903 147 197.9
Macknade Sugar Mill 1158.0 848.6 in 1903 127 186.3
Lucinda Township 1057.2 1024.6 in 1903 122 183.0
Kuranda Railway Station 1124.5 768.3 in 1975 121 189.4
Victoria Sugar Mill 1060.6 824.2 in 1903 121 183.0
Halifax Macrossan St 1167.3 900.2 in 1903 120 189.5
Mossman South Alchera Drive 933.8 774.8 in 2015 109 236.3
Bingil Bay 886.2 842.9 in 1973 89 211.2
Whyanbeel Valley 1229.6 1039.0 in 1950 77 291.3
Elphinstone Pocket No1 748.4 698.2 in 2010 63 164.9
Cardwell Range 1183.2 946.1 in 1975 53 227.8
Hawkins Creek 941.5 715.0 in 1975 52 217.2
Maitland Downs Station 302.5 290.0 in 1976 51 136.6
Ingham Composite 995.8 792.6 in 1975 50 211.6
Hazelmere 838.8 690.2 in 1992 46 190.0
Daintree Village 1635.0 895.0 in 1973 41 332.9
Greenhaven 853.4 596.4 in 2010 39 224.9
Butcher Hill Station 495.0 388.0 in 2015 35 148.2
Lucinda Point 568.8 394.0 in 1997 34 101.9
White Cliff Point 670.0 604.6 in 2015 31 209.1
Gairloch 1006.8 501.8 in 1997 24 217.9
Mount Carbine Township 444.0 361.6 in 2010 24 128.9

Highest December total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
December
Port Douglas - Warner St 950.0 958.0 in 1907* 214.0
Innisfail 858.6 1049.9 in 1950* 265.0
Mt Sophia 1217.0 1289.0 in 1973 290.5
Tully Sugar Mill 802.8 1501.1 in 1973* 268.0
Cairns Aero 757.2 765.1 in 1975 182.3
Low Isles Lighthouse 678.2 708.4 in 1975* 210.8
South Johnstone Exp Stn 761.4 877.5 in 1975* 266.4
Mount Jukes 499.0 1476.0 in 1990* 206.8
Farleigh Co-op Sugar Mill 357.6 1307.2 in 1990* 171.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest December total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Mount Isa Aero 0.2 4.6 in 1981 53 72.5
Mt Moffatt National Park 11.8 32.4 in 1983 47 109.7
Yantumara 3.0 7.2 in 2012 39 91.4
Phosphate Hill 2.0 5.6 in 1981 32 57.7
Brisbane Aero 31.6 32.8 in 2013 25 120.4
Tarana Crossing 4.0 10.5 in 2013 23 85.1
Coomera Foxwell Road 37.0 63.0 in 2015 20 132.3

Lowest December total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
December
Injune Post Office 10.2 8.6 in 1950 89.6
Bauhinia Downs Store 2.8 =2.8 in 1957* 96.7
Richmond Post Office 13.8 8.8 in 1966 70.2
La Palma 6.0 0.0 in 1977* 90.3
Woleebee Nevasa 13.0 11.8 in 1977* 84.8
Boulia Airport 0.1 0.0 in 1990* 31.0
Low Holm Station 0.8 0.0 in 1994 80.6
Springsure Comet St 16.2 13.2 in 1994 92.2
Devoncourt Station 0.9 0.0 in 1995* 60.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest December temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Mount Isa Aero 45.3 on the 21st 45.1 on the 1st in 2006 53 37.2
Coconut Island 37.5 on the 6th 37.3 on the 15th in 2008 22 33.1
Richmond Airport 45.0 on the 21st = 45.0 on the 1st in 2006 21 38.3
Thargomindah Airport 47.2 on the 20th 45.3 on the 19th in 2017 20 36.8



Record highest December mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Camooweal Township 41.7 41.4 in 2002 110 38.1
Mount Isa Aero 40.8 39.9 in 2017 52 37.2
Cloncurry Airport 41.2 = 41.2 in 1981 25 38.6



Record highest December daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Surat 28.2 on the 21st = 28.2 on the 10th in 2009 54 19.4
Mount Isa Aero 30.7 on the 22nd = 30.7 on the 29th in 1990 53 23.1
Cloncurry Airport 31.7 on the 21st 31.1 on the 10th in 2008 26 24.9
Richmond Airport 30.9 on the 20th 30.1 on the 24th in 2003 21 23.4



Record highest December mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Camooweal Township 26.5 26.4 in 1990 110 23.8
South Johnstone Exp Stn 23.7 = 23.7 in 2010 62 21.8
Kowanyama Airport 25.5 = 25.5 in 1995 50 24.4
Mackay Aero 24.0 23.4 in 2010 32 22.2
Proserpine Airport 23.1 = 23.1 in 2010 29 21.7
Weipa Aero 25.2 24.9 in 2003 26 24.2
Cloncurry Airport 27.4 26.7 in 2005 25 24.9

Highest December mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
December
Mount Isa Aero 25.4 25.8 in 1990 23.1
Sunshine Coast Airport 21.2 21.6 in 1997 19.8



Record highest December mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Camooweal Township 34.1 33.6 in 1990 110 31.0
Mount Isa Aero 33.1 32.4 in 1990 52 30.1
Cloncurry Airport 34.3 33.9 in 2005 25 31.7



Summary statistics for December 2018
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
December
2018
Diff
from
average
Highest for
December
2018
Mean for
December
2018
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
December
2018
Total for
December
2018
Average
for
December
Rank of
December
2018
Fraction of
December
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.1 0.0 37.5 6th 27.0 +0.9 23.4 10th 148.0 154.0 average 96%
Coen Airport 33.5 -1.4 38.3 4th 24.1 +0.5 20.8 9th 250.6 125.6 high 200%
Horn Island 32.5 +0.5 35.8 5th 26.0 +0.2 24.1 7th 200.4 181.2 high 111%
Scherger RAAF 33.9 -1.1 39.6 2nd 24.8 +0.8 23.0 8th 302.6 195.5 high 155%
Weipa Aero 33.5 -0.5 36.9 2nd 25.2 +1.0 23.5 9th 299.8 273.8 average 109%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 33.3 +1.1 37.7 1st 24.5 +0.9 22.5 13th 465.0 206.6 v high 225%
Palmerville 34.4 -0.9 40.3 4th 23.9 +1.2 20.8 6th 216.6 154.5 high 140%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 38.1 +1.7 42.9 5th 26.2 +0.8 22.7 16th 35.6 97.6 v low 36%
Century Mine 41.6 +3.3 45.0 2nd 26.8 +1.7 20.3 1st 6.2 105.0 v low 6%
Cloncurry Airport 41.2 +2.6 46.1 21st 27.4 +2.5 18.3 16th 9.0 75.1 low 12%
Julia Creek Airport 41.5 +1.9 46.4 22nd 25.3 +1.5 16.1 16th 5.0 59.6 v low 8%
Kowanyama Airport 35.1 +0.2 39.7 6th 25.5 +1.1 22.9 7th 196.8 177.5 average 111%
Lake Julius AWS 41.3   46.7 21st 27.9   21.1 1st 0
Mornington Island Airport 34.1   39.6 5th 27.6   23.2 29th 68.6
Mount Isa Aero 40.8 +3.6 45.3 21st 25.4 +2.3 16.8 16th 0.2 72.5 lowest 0%
Normanton Airport 39.2 +3.1 43.9 4th 27.6 +1.8 24.4 15th 6.4 119.4 v low 5%
Sweers Island 34.6 +1.1 38.6 4th 27.9 +0.9 22.1 7th 40.6 149.5 v low 27%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 36.6 +0.3 43.1 3rd 24.2 +0.5 17.8 17th 133.2 125.8 average 106%
Hughenden Airport 38.3 +1.0 43.1 21st 24.3 +0.8 19.0 17th 17.8 66.5 low 27%
Richmond Post Office 39.5 +1.4 44.2 22nd 24.6 +2.1 18.4 26th 13.8 70.2 low 20%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 31.8 +0.3 38.1 18th 24.2 +0.8 21.5 18th 757.2 182.3 v high 415%
Cairns Racecourse 32.1   38.8 18th 24.0   21.5 18th 980.0
Cape Flattery 32.5 -0.1 39.2 17th 24.7 -0.3 22.4 14th 281.4 115.0 high 245%
Cooktown Airport 32.4 +0.1 37.9 17th 24.5 0.0 22.6 18th 817.6 173.3 v high 472%
Low Isles Lighthouse 32.0 -0.4 37.0 17th 25.1 -0.2 22.3 7th 678.2 210.8 v high 322%
Mareeba Airport 31.5 -0.6 37.7 3rd 21.8 +1.1 16.9 17th 260.6 96.0 v high 271%
Walkamin Research Station 30.3 -0.4 36.2 1st 20.6 +0.8 15.0 17th 328.6 122.1 v high 269%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cowley Beach (Defence) 31.3   34.6 16th 24.1   20.3 1st 622.8
Ingham Composite 32.7 +0.2 38.1 2nd     17.4 3rd 995.8 211.6 highest 471%
Innisfail 30.8 0.0 35.1 16th 23.2 +1.1 20.1 10th 858.6 265.0 v high 324%
Innisfail Aerodrome 31.7   36.3 18th 23.3   18.8 1st 745.4
Lucinda Point 29.9 +0.3 34.2 16th 25.5 +0.2 23.1 7th 568.8 101.9 highest 558%
Mount Stuart (Defence) 32.0   37.7 3rd 23.7   20.1 6th 249.4
South Johnstone Exp Stn 31.2 0.0 37.1 18th 23.7 +1.9 20.3 1st 761.4 266.4 v high 286%
Townsville Aero 31.8 +0.3 36.4 17th 25.0 +0.9 22.6 6th 264.2 126.8 high 208%
Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence)     40.8 3rd 22.0   19.3 25th 90.6
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 30.6 -0.2 35.0 17th 24.9 +0.1 21.9 8th 276.4 106.7 v high 259%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 31.6 -0.5 35.7 18th 23.5 +1.4 21.5 7th 158.6 99.8 high 159%
Bowen Airport AWS 31.2   34.4 17th 24.3   21.7 9th 169.0
Collinsville Post Office 34.4 +0.3 41.1 3rd 23.2 +1.9 20.1 26th 60.7 93.2 average 65%
Hamilton Island Airport 29.1 -0.9 34.1 4th 24.2 -0.3 21.7 8th 395.2 130.9 high 302%
Mackay Aero 30.8 0.0 35.8 2nd 24.0 +1.8 19.9 7th 371.2 133.9 v high 277%
Mackay M.O 30.3 +0.1 34.9 3rd 24.0 +1.0 20.5 7th 290.4 183.5 high 158%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 30.3   35.2 2nd 23.3   19.6 7th 361.6
Proserpine Airport 31.1 -1.1 38.4 3rd 23.1 +1.4 21.2 8th 485.0 165.0 v high 294%
Samuel Hill Aero 29.7 -1.1 35.2 3rd 22.5 +2.6 17.5 1st 301.6 150.3 v high 201%
St Lawrence 31.3 -0.3 34.6 2nd 22.8 +0.7 19.5 27th 146.2 129.2 high 113%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 32.4   40.9 3rd 21.6   19.0 25th 174.8
Williamson 30.6 -0.7 34.8 2nd 23.3 +1.5 20.0 27th 304.0 144.5 high 210%
Woolshed 29.1 -0.2 34.3 3rd 21.1 +0.6 17.9 6th 316.4 103.4 v high 306%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 28.6 -0.1 34.4 2nd 23.6 +0.7 21.4 3rd 165.6 113.4 high 146%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 33.9 -0.7 42.1 3rd 22.4 +0.4 19.5 8th 104.4 80.0 average 131%
Moranbah Airport 34.1   42.5 3rd 21.5   18.8 28th 26.6
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 34.8   40.7 3rd 21.7   19.2 25th 56.6
Clermont Airport 34.4   43.1 3rd 21.6   16.0 1st 83.0
Emerald Airport 35.9 +1.6 42.5 3rd 22.3 +1.0 19.1 25th 19.2 86.2 low 22%
Rolleston Airport 36.0   41.4 21st 20.7   16.6 1st 14.6
Springsure Comet St 34.5 +0.5 40.2 21st 20.1 +0.3 16.0 27th 16.2 92.2 v low 18%
Tambo Post Office 36.3 +1.5 41.5 21st 20.7 +1.5 12.5 1st 25.4 70.1 low 36%
Taroom Post Office 34.5 +1.0 41.4 21st 19.9 +0.2 12.2 5th 34.4 89.3 low 39%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Blackall Airport 38.1 +2.0 43.6 21st 23.4 +1.2 14.4 1st 4.2 85.0 v low 5%
Isisford Post Office 38.5 +1.4 43.6 21st 23.6 +1.6 14.4 16th 12.8 53.3 low 24%
Longreach Aero 38.8 +1.3 44.0 21st 23.9 +1.6 17.5 16th 50.8 54.5 average 93%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 41.7 +3.6 44.2 21st 26.5 +2.7 20.4 6th 24.2 62.8 low 39%
Carters Bore 40.1   44.0 21st 27.3   21.7 15th 5.4
New May Downs 40.3   44.6 21st 26.9   21.6 15th 0
The Monument Airport 40.5 +2.5 45.4 21st 24.4 +0.6 16.8 15th 0 51.4 v low 0%
Trepell Airport 40.5 +1.9 46.8 21st 24.7 +0.7 17.5 15th 4.6 41.6 low 11%
Urandangi Aerodrome 41.7   45.5 20th 24.4   15.8 15th 8.6
Winton Airport 39.9 +0.9 45.4 21st 24.8 +1.0 17.2 16th 31.4 35.0 average 90%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 40.6 +1.8 48.0 19th 24.6 +0.5 16.7 15th 0.4 11.3 v low 4%
Boulia Airport 40.5 +1.8 46.7 20th 26.1 +2.5 17.4 15th 0.1 31.0 v low 0%
Windorah Airport 39.7   45.7 21st 25.3   14.8 15th 6.8
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 30.2 +0.6 33.4 3rd 21.0 +0.5 17.5 25th 68.4 126.6 low 54%
Gayndah Airport 32.1 -0.5 39.8 3rd 19.5 +0.1 14.2 26th 84.6 87.0 average 97%
Gladstone Airport 30.3 +0.2 35.2 3rd 22.8 +0.7 19.9 7th 112.0 106.6 average 105%
Gladstone Radar 30.9 -0.2 35.9 3rd 22.2 +0.3 19.7 7th 152.2 125.4 high 121%
Lady Elliot Island 29.1 +0.5 31.5 4th 23.7 +0.5 21.2 7th 101.8 90.8 average 112%
Monto Township 31.8 -0.2 38.8 3rd 19.1 +0.8 14.1 25th 79.7 94.3 average 85%
Rockhampton Aero 31.7 -0.5 40.9 3rd 22.5 +1.3 20.0 24th 108.0 104.3 average 104%
Seventeen Seventy 29.0 +0.3 31.7 4th 22.6 +0.4 19.2 7th 114.0 132.5 average 86%
Thangool Airport 33.5 +0.5 40.3 3rd 19.4 +0.8 15.4 27th 68.6 93.5 average 73%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 31.8 +1.0 41.5 2nd 18.4 0.0 13.4 25th 112.0 119.3 average 94%
Archerfield Airport 30.6 +1.0 35.9 1st 19.7 +0.6 13.9 25th 68.2 124.0 low 55%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 31.5 +1.2 38.8 21st 18.7 +0.6 14.9 7th 57.8 115.9 v low 50%
Beerburrum Forest Station 29.8 +0.1 39.8 2nd 18.7 +0.3 14.3 26th 95.0 155.4 average 61%
Brisbane 30.1 +0.7 35.7 22nd 20.8 +0.4 17.2 26th 51.2 125.3 low 41%
Brisbane Aero 28.5 +0.3 33.2 22nd 20.8 +0.7 15.7 25th 31.6 120.4 lowest 26%
Canungra (Defence) 29.1   37.0 21st 16.8   10.9 26th 93.6
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 27.1 +1.0 29.3 19th 21.5 +0.5 18.6 17th 159.4 125.5 high 127%
Coolangatta 28.0 +0.7 33.1 2nd 19.9 +0.2 15.0 25th 81.6 147.2 low 55%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 27.7 +0.3 31.8 2nd 22.2 +0.6 18.7 5th 91.8 127.3 average 72%
Gold Coast Seaway 28.1 +0.2 32.2 2nd 20.6 +0.1 17.7 25th 69.4 128.4 low 54%
Greenbank (Defence) 31.2   38.1 2nd 17.5   12.8 25th 32.2
Gympie 30.0 -1.3 38.7 2nd 19.2 +0.7 13.1 26th 83.6 136.6 low 61%
Hervey Bay Airport 29.2 -0.2 31.0 31st 21.5 +0.5 18.0 13th 77.6 130.7 average 59%
Kingaroy Airport 30.3 +0.2 38.1 2nd     10.6 25th 90.8 99.5 average 91%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 29.2 +0.1 34.6 2nd 19.9 +0.7 15.7 25th 78.2 122.3 low 64%
Maryborough 30.0 -0.6 35.1 22nd 20.2 +0.6 15.8 26th 221.2 128.6 high 172%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 28.5 -0.4 37.7 2nd 20.0 +0.6 14.9 26th 200.4 152.8 high 131%
Point Lookout 28.8 +0.7 31.2 29th 21.7 +0.3 19.8 6th 61.0 119.6 low 51%
Rainbow Beach 28.3 +0.1 33.8 21st       150.6 124.6 high 121%
Redcliffe 29.1 +0.9 33.6 2nd 21.5 +0.6 18.0 26th 47.8 112.9 low 42%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 28.2   31.3 2nd 20.0   15.9 26th 19.0
Sunshine Coast Airport 28.4 +0.1 35.6 2nd 21.2 +1.4 15.8 26th 136.0 147.1 average 92%
Tewantin RSL Park 28.0 0.0 37.0 2nd 21.4 +0.7 17.0 26th 143.0 139.6 average 102%
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 28.8   34.9 3rd 20.7   17.1 13th 158.4
University of Queensland Gatton 33.1 +1.8 41.1 21st 17.6 -0.5 12.0 25th 36.0 99.2 low 36%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 28.3 +2.5 33.1 2nd 14.5 +0.7 10.3 2nd 47.0 97.7 low 48%
Dalby Airport 32.0 +0.4 39.7 2nd 17.3 -0.3 11.7 1st 136.0 95.7 high 142%
Oakey Aero 31.4 +1.1 38.6 2nd 17.5 +0.8 13.3 25th 55.6 91.8 low 61%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 28.4 +1.3 34.6 21st 14.9 +0.6 10.7 2nd 63.0 94.8 average 66%
Texas Post Office 34.3 +1.5 39.1 2nd 18.7 +1.4 13.6 4th 46.6 80.5 low 58%
Toowoomba Airport 28.5 +1.0 35.9 21st 16.9 +0.3 13.4 6th 48.8 104.0 low 47%
Warwick 31.2 +1.9 36.9 2nd 15.7 -0.2 11.0 27th 61.8 104.0 low 59%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 33.7 +0.8 41.4 2nd 18.8 -0.5 12.1 1st 81.0 92.2 average 88%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 35.2 +2.0 42.5 21st 18.8 +0.6 11.3 1st 10.2 89.6 v low 11%
Mitchell Post Office       20.1 +1.5 11.7 1st 39.8 71.3 average 56%
Roma Airport 36.0 +2.6 43.9 21st 19.6 +0.2 12.8 1st 35.8 80.0 low 45%
St George Airport 36.0 +2.0 44.8 21st 21.7 +1.3 14.8 1st 9.8 68.0 low 14%
Surat 34.9 +1.0 43.0 21st 20.9 +1.5 13.9 1st 49.6 71.7 average 69%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 36.9 +1.9 44.3 21st 22.9 +2.9 15.2 1st 21.8 52.1 average 42%
Charleville Aero 37.1 +2.3 43.4 21st 22.9 +2.5 14.0 15th 31.6 55.6 average 57%
Cunnamulla Post Office 37.6 +2.3 45.5 20th 23.2 +2.4 15.6 15th 4.2 39.0 low 11%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 39.6 +1.6 46.8 20th 24.9 +1.1 15.4 14th 0.4 10.5 v low 4%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Middle Percy Island 27.5 -0.8 30.7 4th 23.2 +0.5 20.5 8th 422.0 118.6 v high 356%
Willis Island 31.3 +0.6 33.9 15th 26.3 +0.8 24.1 29th 351.8 96.8 v high 363%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Wednesday 2 January 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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