Queensland in September 2014: Wet start to spring through the central interior; warm days and cool nights

The statewide average rainfall was 17% above average for September. Areas that received above average rainfall were mostly confined to the Central Highlands, Central Coast and Capricornia districts, and a small area in the north of the Cape York Peninsula. Parts of the north and northwest recorded below average falls while the remaining parts of the state recorded near-average September rainfall.

Very little rainfall was recorded in the first week of the month. An upper level trough over western Queensland, a deepening surface trough over central inland Queensland and a weak surface low on the trough to the southwest of Longreach contributed to moderate falls being recorded over the state's central interior on the 8th.  Another surface trough over the interior on the 13th brought more rainfall to parts of the Central Coast, with moderate totals over the adjacent inland areas of the Central Highlands and Coalfields district on the 14th. Very little rain fell in the state from the 14th to the 21st. By the 21st, a surface trough located over the interior deepened and, assisted by an upper level disturbance, brought light to moderate falls to the central interior. This was followed by widespread rainfall with moderate totals to most of the southeast quarter of the state. Some heavier falls were recorded in isolated areas of the Central Highlands district, with some new highest on record daily rainfall.

Maxima were above average in the north and western half of the state, with parts of the Gulf Country and Cape York Peninsula  recording very much above average mean maximum temperatures. Areas in the Central Highlands and parts of the coast around Townsville had cooler than average days, while the remainder of the state recorded near-average daytime temperatures.

Minima were below average in far north Cape York Peninsula and parts of the Gulf Country as well as parts of the Capricorn Coast and adjacent inland areas. Average minima were recorded through the remaining parts of the state, with only small pockets around the central and southwestern interior recording above-average overnight temperatures.

  • Above average rainfall statewide
  • Wetter than normal through Central Queensland
  • Warm days in the west, cool nights in the north

Further information

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Extremes in September 2014
Hottest day 39.9 °C at Birdsville Airport on the 30th
Warmest days on average 35.8 °C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 19.3 °C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 13.2 °C at Applethorpe on the 3rd
Coldest night -3.0 °C at Oakey Aero on the 4th
Coolest nights on average 5.1 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 23.5 °C at Coconut Island
Warmest night 24.9 °C at Coconut Island on the 23rd
24.9 °C at Coconut Island on the 25th
Warmest on average overall 27.3 °C at Coconut Island
Coolest on average overall 12.4 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 131.6 mm at Melrose
Wettest day 80.6 mm at Yaamba on the 23rd
Strongest wind gust 115 km/h at Double Island Point Lighthouse on the 27th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest September daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Rockhampton Aero 55.6 on the 23rd 55.4 on the 28th in 1966 76
Wharton Creek Station 52.0 on the 22nd 35.0 on the 4th in 2008 68
Carnarvon Station 61.6 on the 22nd 48.0 on the 15th in 1998 60
Broadmeadows 77.4 on the 23rd 45.0 on the 15th in 1970 59
Hecate 53.0 on the 23rd 48.2 on the 20th in 2010 55
Frankfield Station 53.0 on the 22nd 31.0 on the 26th in 2010 26
Taemas 43.0 on the 22nd 13.0 on the 3rd in 1997 20



Record highest September total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Taemas 43.0 39.6 in 2010 20 7.6

Highest September total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
September
Cardowan 49.0 66.8 in 1976* 36 14.4
Moreton Telegraph Station 12.1 13.0 in 1972* 34 4.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Lowest September total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
September
Low Isles Lighthouse 1.0 0.8 in 1966 48 36.6
Cairns Aero 1.6 0.2 in 1991 23 33.4
Daintree Village 2.0 0.0 in 1984* 23 59.1
Whyanbeel Valley 1.2 0.0 in 1991* 22 60.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest September temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Seventeen Seventy 9.4 on the 3rd 9.9 on the 7th in 1995 26 17.1



Lowest September mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
September
Weipa Aero 18.2 18.1 in 1994 20 19.8



Lowest September mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
September
Surat 17.0 15.0 in 1994 20 17.6



Summary statistics for September 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
September
2014
Mean for
September
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
September
2014
Total for
September
2014
Average
for
September
Rank of
September
2014
Fraction of
September
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 31.0 +0.2 32.8 3rd 23.5 -0.7 21.2 11th 4.8 7.9 low 61%
Coen Airport 32.2 +0.5 34.3 27th 15.8 -3.0 10.9 3rd 0 0.9 v low 0%
Horn Island 29.7 -0.4 31.3 23rd 23.2 -0.6 18.1 9th 0.8 6.1 low 13%
Scherger RAAF 34.8   37.0 26th 18.3   15.4 4th 0
Weipa Aero 34.6 +0.2 37.1 26th 18.2 -1.6 15.3 3rd 0 1.3 lowest 0%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 29.1 +0.1 30.2 25th 18.8 -1.7 13.7 11th 11.6 15.7 average 74%
Palmerville 34.5 +0.9 36.5 27th 14.7 -1.8 9.8 18th 0 8.6 lowest 0%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 34.2 +0.7 38.1 11th 16.2 -2.5 10.4 4th 0.2 0.9 average 22%
Century Mine 35.8 +0.5 37.9 20th 15.3 -2.1 8.3 4th 0 3.1 v low 0%
Cloncurry Airport 33.7 +0.5 38.2 10th 15.4 -1.1 9.2 4th 0 6.0 lowest 0%
Julia Creek Airport 34.7 +0.6 38.8 10th 12.9 -1.6 5.3 4th 0 2.4 v low 0%
Kowanyama Airport 35.1 +0.5 36.6 27th 18.0 -1.0 12.5 4th 0 2.6 lowest 0%
Lake Julius AWS 34.4   38.2 10th 17.3   10.7 4th 0
Mornington Island Airport 31.1   34.4 26th 20.1   15.7 5th 2.2
Mount Isa Aero 33.1 +1.8 37.0 29th 11.8 -2.4 2.7 4th 0 6.5 lowest 0%
Normanton Airport 34.8 +0.1 37.4 26th 18.2 -2.0 14.5 5th 0.4 7.1 average 6%
Sweers Island 29.3 -0.4 34.3 27th 21.2 -0.8 16.5 5th 0.2 6.1 average 3%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 33.9 +0.3 36.4 26th 14.5 -2.6 9.4 5th 0 5.6 v low 0%
Hughenden Airport 32.4 -0.1 35.6 11th 14.2 -1.2 4.5 4th 1.0 8.4 average 12%
Richmond Airport 33.7 +0.3 36.8 10th 13.4 -1.5 6.9 4th 0 3.3 v low 0%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 28.9 +0.8 31.4 17th 17.3 -1.4 12.2 3rd 1.6 33.4 v low 5%
Cairns Racecourse 29.3   31.2 27th 15.9   10.9 18th 2.8
Cape Flattery 28.3 -0.7 29.5 25th 21.7 -0.5 15.1 3rd 2.4 7.1 average 34%
Cooktown Airport 28.5 -0.3 30.0 25th 19.0 -1.9 10.9 3rd 1.0 7.8 low 13%
Low Isles Lighthouse 28.4 -0.1 30.4 26th     19.2 3rd 1.0 36.6 v low 3%
Mareeba Airport 28.9 +0.2 32.3 8th 14.1 -1.3 10.7 18th 0 4.1 v low 0%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cape Ferguson NTC AWS 24.0   26.1 18th 19.8   15.8 4th
Cardwell Marine Pde 27.1 -0.5 29.0 18th 17.4 +1.1 12.0 1st 20.4 38.6 average 53%
Innisfail 26.9 +0.2 28.2 27th 17.3 +0.3 13.1 18th 7.8 85.9 low 9%
Lucinda Point 25.3 -0.6 27.9 12th 20.6 -0.3 17.4 3rd 39.0 27.0 high 144%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 27.7 +0.7 30.2 18th 15.9 -0.8 10.8 18th 11.4 84.3 low 14%
Townsville Aero 27.9 +0.1 32.5 18th 17.4 0.0 12.0 4th 5.6 10.4 average 54%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 25.4 -1.7 27.5 3rd 17.5 -1.4 10.8 4th 1.2 15.3 low 8%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 28.3 +0.3 32.6 18th 14.8 -0.3 9.4 4th 0.6 10.2 average 6%
Bowen Airport 27.0 -0.4 29.7 17th 16.2 -0.3 8.6 4th 0 10.6 lowest 0%
Collinsville Post Office 30.2 +0.5 33.6 12th 13.4 -0.2 5.7 4th 1.0 11.3 average 9%
Hamilton Island Airport 25.0 -0.3 27.8 26th 19.6 -0.5 16.5 4th 10.2 25.9 average 39%
Mackay Aero 25.9 +0.1 29.4 17th 14.3 -0.4 5.7 4th 16.8 25.6 average 66%
Mackay M.O 25.2 -0.1 28.4 11th 16.3 -0.4 10.1 4th 22.8 19.6 average 116%
Proserpine Airport 28.3 -0.2 33.1 17th 13.0 -1.5 4.4 4th 37.4 19.5 high 192%
Rosslyn Bay NTC AWS 22.5   24.3 18th 16.8   11.9 4th
Samuel Hill Aero 25.6 -0.5 29.1 11th 11.2 -1.1 1.7 4th 54.2 45.8 high 118%
St Lawrence 26.7 -0.4 30.3 17th 13.2 -1.7 4.8 5th 50.0 27.4 average 182%
Williamson 26.7   30.3 17th 12.4   3.0 4th 30.6 22.5 high 136%
Woolshed 25.5 -0.2 30.2 18th 14.9 -0.4 5.9 4th 5.8 16.6 average 35%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 23.9 -0.5 26.9 17th 14.8 -0.9 5.6 4th 101.0 36.6 high 276%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 30.2 -0.1 33.4 11th 14.8 -0.4 8.4 4th 6.6 10.8 average 61%
Moranbah Airport 28.5   32.7 17th 11.3   2.9 4th 44.2
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 27.7   31.9 11th 12.3   4.3 4th 57.8
Clermont Airport 27.8   32.1 17th 9.7   0.3 4th 84.6
Emerald Airport 27.5 -1.6 32.1 17th 12.7 -0.8 6.4 4th 79.8 30.2 high 264%
Lochington 27.0   31.6 17th 11.1   3.8 4th 94.6
Rolleston Airport 26.7   31.3 17th 10.4   2.4 4th 84.8
Springsure Comet St 26.0 -1.6 30.3 17th 11.7 +0.5 1.9 4th 127.6 30.4 v high 420%
Tambo Post Office 27.2 -0.2 31.0 30th 9.0 0.0 1.4 4th 39.4 21.3 high 185%
Taroom Post Office 27.2 +0.4 32.2 16th 10.3 -0.1 2.5 4th 74.9 32.0 v high 234%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 28.7 0.0 32.2 11th     5.6 4th 25.6 15.9 high 161%
Blackall Airport     31.3 28th 11.4 -1.1 2.3 4th 16.8 23.9 high 70%
Longreach Aero 30.7 +0.4 34.5 30th 13.3 +0.7 4.2 4th 0 10.4 lowest 0%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 34.1 +1.7 37.7 30th 15.4 +0.2 6.0 4th 0.2 5.8 average 3%
Carters Bore 32.1   36.6 30th 17.6   10.2 4th 0
New May Downs 32.7   36.3 29th 16.5   10.6 4th 0
The Monument Airport 32.0 +0.2 37.4 30th 13.1 -1.3 5.7 4th 0 4.9 v low 0%
Trepell Airport 32.4 +0.2 36.5 30th 13.9 -0.9 6.6 4th 0.2 3.3 average 6%
Urandangi Aerodrome 32.8   39.1 30th 12.0   4.2 4th 0
Winton Airport 32.5 +0.1 36.1 24th 14.0 -0.5 7.0 4th 0 10.0 v low 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 29.6 -0.6 39.9 30th 12.6 -1.1 5.6 3rd 2.8 6.6 average 42%
Boulia Airport 31.2 +1.0 38.5 9th 13.9 +0.3 6.7 4th 0 7.4 lowest 0%
Windorah Post Office 29.4 +0.9 36.2 29th 12.4 +0.2 5.2 3rd 0 10.4 lowest 0%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 25.9 +0.4 29.5 11th 12.6 -1.1 5.7 5th 17.8 36.5 average 49%
Gayndah Airport 27.2 -0.8 31.3 17th 10.6 -0.9 4.0 5th 21.8 32.9 average 66%
Gladstone Airport 25.6 -0.4 30.3 17th 14.4 -1.2 8.0 5th 39.2 30.0 average 131%
Gladstone Radar 26.7 +0.2 31.5 17th 16.0 -0.5 10.4 5th 49.2 27.3 high 180%
Lady Elliot Island 24.1 +0.4 25.8 20th 18.5 -0.3 13.2 6th 38.2 38.8 average 98%
Monto Township 26.1 -0.2 30.7 17th 8.9 -0.7 2.2 5th 52.9 24.8 high 213%
Rockhampton Aero 27.5 +0.1 33.2 17th 13.5 -0.2 5.4 4th 84.0 24.8 v high 339%
Rundle Island 22.4 -0.7 26.4 30th 18.3 -1.0 15.7 5th
Seventeen Seventy 23.6 -0.6 25.6 26th 16.1 -1.0 9.4 3rd 55.4 37.8 high 147%
Thangool Airport 27.5 -0.6 31.6 17th 8.4 -1.5 -0.3 4th 62.0 25.5 high 243%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 26.4 +0.8 31.1 16th 8.5 -1.0 1.7 4th 10.4 32.9 low 32%
Archerfield Airport 25.7 +0.5 29.7 17th 10.8 -0.3 5.4 5th 41.2 35.6 average 116%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 25.4   30.2 30th 9.1   0.8 4th 17.8
Beerburrum Forest Station 25.0 -1.0 30.0 17th 11.0 -1.1 4.7 5th 43.4 46.7 average 93%
Brisbane 25.2 -0.5 29.5 17th 12.9 -0.9 9.1 5th 27.6 28.8 average 96%
Brisbane Aero 23.8 -0.4 29.2 17th 12.3 -0.5 6.9 4th 26.6 32.2 average 83%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse     23.5 29th 16.5 +0.6 11.8 4th 60.4 65.0 average 93%
Coolangatta 23.6 +0.3 28.5 17th 12.5 -0.9 6.4 5th 35.0 39.7 average 88%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 23.6 +0.9 28.6 17th 16.5 -0.1 11.9 3rd 67.6 50.7 high 133%
Gold Coast Seaway 23.8 -0.1 28.4 17th 14.4 -0.5 10.3 4th 65.0 44.4 high 146%
Gympie 25.7 -0.4 30.0 17th 10.1 -0.1 1.7 5th 24.0 45.4 average 53%
Hervey Bay Airport 24.4 -0.4 28.4 26th 12.6 -1.7 5.4 4th 25.2 37.4 average 67%
Jimna Forestry 22.3 -1.2 27.2 30th 8.1 -0.9 -0.5 5th 9.6 31.6 low 30%
Kingaroy Airport 24.3 -0.8 28.8 30th 6.9 -1.2 -1.1 5th 3.0 29.1 low 10%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 24.6 -0.5 30.0 17th     7.6 5th 35.5 43.0 average 83%
Maleny Tamarind St 22.0 -0.9 27.6 17th 11.8 -0.7 5.0 4th 64.0 64.0 average 100%
Maryborough 25.6 -0.1 29.4 11th 11.8 -0.3 5.3 4th 34.6 42.7 average 81%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 24.4   28.7 17th 12.5   5.5 5th 33.2
Rainbow Beach 23.6 -0.6 28.6 17th       26.8 62.3 low 43%
Redcliffe 23.3 -0.8 28.3 2nd 13.9 -0.5 9.2 5th 35.8 42.9 average 83%
Sunshine Coast Airport 24.6 +0.4 28.3 2nd 12.6 -0.3 3.6 5th 63.2 55.9 high 113%
Tewantin RSL Park 23.7 -0.6 27.3 2nd 13.9 -0.6 6.8 5th 18.2 57.3 low 32%
Toolara (Kelly) 25.6 -1.2 29.5 17th 13.9 -0.8 8.7 4th 32.2 53.6 average 60%
University of Queensland Gatton 26.5 +1.0 31.4 16th 9.2 -0.3 3.8 5th 15.2 35.0 average 43%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 19.3 +0.3 26.1 30th 5.5 -0.3 -1.6 5th 20.6 42.9 low 48%
Dalby Airport 25.4 -0.2 30.2 30th 7.9 -0.9 -1.6 4th 24.4 30.1 average 81%
Goondiwindi Airport 25.5 0.0 33.0 30th 9.1 -0.3 1.1 4th 7.6 31.7 low 24%
Oakey Aero 24.4 +0.5 30.0 30th 6.7 -0.5 -3.0 4th 13.4 30.7 average 44%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 20.0 +0.4 27.2 30th 5.1 0.0 -2.8 4th 22.6 51.5 low 44%
Texas Post Office 25.1 +0.6 31.5 30th 7.7 -0.1 0.1 4th 13.8 39.8 low 35%
Toowoomba Airport 21.6 -0.8 27.5 30th 9.6 -1.0 2.5 4th 18.0 35.4 low 51%
Warwick 23.0 -0.6 28.6 30th 6.6 -0.5 -0.9 4th 20.0 35.2 average 57%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street     31.0 30th 8.3 -1.9 -0.7 4th 28.4 21.5 high 132%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 25.5 -0.7 31.1 30th 8.0 -0.2 0.5 4th 33.6 26.1 high 129%
Mitchell Post Office 25.8 0.0 33.3 30th 7.3 -0.2 -0.4 4th 15.9 26.6 average 60%
Roma Airport 25.6 -1.1 32.3 30th 8.3 -1.2 -0.9 4th 14.0 24.3 average 58%
St George Airport 25.2 -1.5 34.1 30th 10.0 -0.8 1.3 4th 22.4 26.2 average 85%
Surat 25.1 -0.6 32.4 30th 8.9 -0.5 0.4 4th 24.2 29.0 average 83%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 25.6 -0.1 35.5 30th 10.3 +1.0 1.8 4th 9.9 24.4 average 41%
Charleville Aero 26.1 0.0 33.2 30th 10.4 +0.5 2.0 4th 15.6 23.4 average 67%
Cunnamulla Post Office 25.7 +0.1 35.9 30th 10.9 +0.2 5.0 3rd 8.4 18.3 average 46%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 28.2 -0.4 37.1 30th 13.0 -0.5 6.8 3rd 1.2 9.1 average 13%
Thargomindah Airport 27.0 -1.0 37.0 30th 11.9 -1.0 5.8 3rd 1.0 8.9 low 11%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Frederick Reef 23.2   25.5 18th 21.0   19.3 16th
Middle Percy Island 23.4 -0.2 26.6 17th 17.7 -0.6 14.9 4th 19.2 31.9 average 60%
Willis Island 26.9 -0.4 28.0 20th 22.7 +0.1 20.7 30th 8.0 16.7 average 48%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Wednesday 1 October 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries