Queensland in October 2019 Above average daytime temperatures and below average rain for most of the State

Rain at the end of the month saw areas of the central west report above average October rainfall, but most of the State was drier than average. Maximum temperatures were above average everywhere apart from the far northeast tropical coast. Minimum temperatures were generally above average in the far west and south and below average in the north, and close to average elsewhere.

Above average rainfall across parts of the central west

  • Queensland's total rainfall for the month was just over half the average for October
  • Rainfall was above average in parts of the central west and an area of the Capricornia coast
  • Below average rainfall was recorded across the northern interior, central Queensland interior and parts of the southeast interior
  • Thunderstorms and showers brought moderate falls to the southeast at the start of the month
  • Further moderate falls were recorded between the 11th and 13th in areas from the Capricornia to southeast coasts, and again from the 18th to 20th
  • Coastal showers affected parts of the east coast throughout the month, particularly the north tropical coast
  • Moderate falls were recorded in central western parts of Queensland at the end of the month
  • A handful of sites had their lowest total October rainfall on record
  • For the year-to-date, rainfall for Queensland is above average in the northern tropics and below average in the southeastern quarter of the State, whilst areas of lowest on record persist in the southern Darling Downs

Maximum temperatures above average across most of the State

  • Mean maximum temperatures were warmer than average across much of Queensland, except the far northeast tropical coast
  • Mean minimum temperatures were warmer than average in the far west and south, and below average in the north
  • The State's mean maximum temperature was 1.88 °C above average, the mean minimum temperature was 1.00 °C above average and the overall mean temperature 1.44 °C above average; cooler than October last year
  • Hot days were experienced across southern Queensland from the 6th, due to warm and gust northwesterly winds ahead of the passage of a surface trough
  • Daytime temperatures were more than 12 degrees above average over the southeast on the 7th and 8th, and resulted in elevated fire dangers from the hot, dry air and fresh winds
  • Hot, dry and gusty west to northwesterly winds from the 14th saw temperatures across much of Queensland between 6 to 10 degrees above average, and peaking on the 16th, where much of southern Queensland was 8 to 12 degrees above average
  • Minimum temperatures were below average across most of the State in the first half of the month, due to very little cloud cover or rainfall
  • Overnight temperatures were well more than 10 degrees above average over parts of the Maranoa and Warrego, and Darling Downs districts on the 17th, with some sites reporting their warmest October night on record
  • Temperatures for Queensland are more than a degree warmer than average for mean, maximum and minimum temperatures, with record warm days in the greater southeast

Bushfires

  • Fires burnt west of Brisbane in Laidley and Grandchester on the 8th, with other fires also burning in eastern Queensland

Further information

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Extremes in October 2019
Hottest day 43.2 °C at Urandangi Aerodrome on the 16th
Warmest days on average 38.4 °C at Century Mine
Coolest days on average 23.7 °C at Cape Moreton Lighthouse
Coldest day 15.3 °C at Applethorpe and Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 11th
Coldest night 3.0 °C at Applethorpe on the 3rd
Coolest nights on average 8.6 °C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 24.5 °C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 28.3 °C at Urandangi Aerodrome on the 16th
Warmest on average overall 30.0 °C at Normanton Airport
Coolest on average overall 16.9 °C at Applethorpe and Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Wettest overall 194.0 mm at Noosaville
Driest overall 0 mm at several sites
Wettest day 136.0 mm at Rainbow Beach on the 1st
Strongest wind gust 96 km/h at Thargomindah Airport on the 16th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest October total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Cooranga North 1.0 1.1 in 1940 52 61.7
St George Airport 0.0 1.4 in 2006 23 40.0

Lowest October total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Injune Post Office 6.6 0.5 in 1948 48.8
Roma Airport 0.8 0.0 in 1988 50.1
Woodlands 5.2 2.0 in 1988* 39.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest October temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Thangool Airport 40.0 on the 8th 38.4 on the 27th in 2018 28 30.4
Weipa Aero 39.0 on the 20th = 39.0 on the 27th in 2005 27 35.7



Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Roma Airport 32.5 = 32.5 in 2014 27 29.8



Record highest October daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Injune Post Office 22.3 on the 17th = 22.3 on the 12th in 2017 53 12.8
Texas Post Office 22.4 on the 17th 22.2 on the 10th in 2000 50 11.8
Warwick 20.3 on the 17th 19.4 on the 29th in 2003 25 10.6
St George Airport 25.1 on the 17th 23.6 on the 8th in 2005 23 14.6



Record lowest October temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mareeba Airport 11.8 on the 8th 12.1 on the 10th in 2006 20 17.4



Summary statistics for October 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2019
Mean for
October
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2019
Total for
October
2019
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2019
Fraction of
October
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.4 +1.1 35.5 26th 24.2 -0.5 23.0 12th 18.8 14.0 high 134%
Coen Airport 33.1 -0.3 37.2 12th 19.2 -1.4 14.1 8th 3.2 8.0 average 40%
Horn Island 30.7 -0.4 31.9 31st 24.3 -0.5 20.2 12th 0.8 13.3 low 6%
Scherger RAAF 35.5 -0.3 38.8 20th 20.5 -1.2 17.6 16th 17.8 25.3 average 70%
Weipa Aero 35.6 -0.1 39.0 20th 21.0 -0.9 18.2 9th 2.8 19.6 low 14%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 30.0 -0.4 31.3 19th 22.5 +0.5 17.3 12th 8.4 28.2 average 30%
Palmerville 36.2 +0.7 40.1 20th 17.7 -1.5 11.0 9th 0 20.8 lowest 0%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 36.3 +0.6 41.7 18th 20.6 -1.1 14.9 12th 4.6 11.7 average 39%
Century Mine 38.4 +0.3 42.3 16th 20.5 -0.5 14.8 6th 7.0 12.4 average 56%
Cloncurry Airport 36.9 +0.4 41.8 16th 20.0 -0.5 13.1 11th 0 16.4 lowest 0%
Julia Creek Airport 38.3 +0.8 42.5 16th 18.7 +0.2 11.1 11th 0 10.1 v low 0%
Kowanyama Airport 37.2 +0.9 40.2 20th 21.6 -0.4 17.1 9th 0 16.4 lowest 0%
Lake Julius AWS 37.1   42.5 16th 21.8   15.5 7th 0
Mornington Island Airport 33.0   37.0 20th 23.6   18.4 13th 3.4
Mount Isa Aero 36.3 +1.5 41.9 16th 18.5 0.0 11.1 7th 2.2 18.2 average 12%
Normanton Airport 37.3 +0.6 42.2 19th 22.7 -0.7 18.1 12th 0.2 8.2 low 2%
Sweers Island 31.9 -0.1 35.1 10th 24.5 -0.4 20.8 13th 2.3 9.5 average 24%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 36.8 +0.8 40.3 18th 18.6 -1.9 11.3 7th 1.4 11.6 average 12%
Hughenden Airport 36.1 +0.8 41.6 16th 17.6 -1.4 9.9 13th 0 15.4 v low 0%
Richmond Airport 37.5 +0.8 42.1 17th 18.8 -0.1 12.9 10th 0 10.0 lowest 0%
Richmond Post Office 36.8 +0.9 41.3 17th 19.7 +1.6 12.2 13th 0 15.7 lowest 0%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 29.6 0.0 31.7 21st 20.2 -0.4 16.6 9th 69.0 48.3 high 143%
Cairns Racecourse 29.7   31.3 21st 19.3   14.9 9th 82.6
Cape Flattery 29.8 -0.5 31.1 28th 22.3 -0.8 18.1 12th 6.6 17.5 low 38%
Cooktown Airport 30.1 -0.3 31.5 28th 21.7 -0.8 16.0 9th 8.4 26.0 low 32%
Low Isles Lighthouse 30.8 +0.4 33.1 20th 22.7 -0.5 20.6 5th 41.2 46.3 average 89%
Mareeba Airport 30.7 +0.1 36.5 9th 17.1 -0.3 11.8 8th 3.6 15.1 low 24%
Walkamin Research Station 29.6 +0.3 35.0 9th 16.0 -0.7 12.3 10th 8.8 22.3 average 39%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 28.5 -0.7 31.6 20th 19.8 +0.8 14.2 9th 8.4 55.7 low 15%
Cowley Beach (Defence) 28.8   30.2 20th 19.6   14.9 9th 75.6
Innisfail 28.2 -0.2 29.5 20th 19.8 +0.8 16.0 9th 96.8 89.0 average 109%
Innisfail Aerodrome 29.4   33.6 20th 17.5   12.6 9th 95.8
Lucinda Point 26.3 -0.8 27.9 27th 22.5 -0.4 20.4 7th 5.4 25.9 low 21%
Mount Stuart (Defence) 30.8   37.0 20th 20.1   16.3 5th 5.6
South Johnstone Exp Stn 28.8 -0.2 33.6 20th 19.1 +0.3 14.3 9th 79.6 97.3 average 82%
Townsville Aero 30.4 +0.9 34.7 20th 20.4 -0.3 14.7 6th 1.2 24.1 v low 5%
Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence) 31.6   38.3 19th 17.5   13.0 5th 2.2
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 27.8 -0.7 29.8 21st 21.7 -0.1 16.1 6th 12.2 30.3 average 40%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 30.5 +0.6 33.9 20th 18.5 +0.4 13.5 5th 2.8 26.3 average 11%
Bowen Airport AWS 29.7   31.9 21st 19.6   13.2 6th 7.8
Collinsville Post Office 33.7 +1.5 38.9 19th 17.4 +0.1 11.5 5th 6.2 21.9 average 28%
Hamilton Island Airport 27.2 -0.1 29.7 17th 21.7 -0.3 19.5 4th 28.8 26.8 average 107%
Mackay Aero 28.9 +0.5 32.0 18th 19.0 +0.8 11.9 5th 17.6 34.5 average 51%
Mackay M.O 28.7 +1.0 32.8 18th 20.4 +0.7 14.6 5th 16.2 34.1 average 48%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 28.2   31.7 8th 18.5   12.0 5th 25.6
Proserpine Airport 30.5 +0.2 36.3 8th 17.5 +0.1 12.0 8th 43.8 36.8 average 119%
Samuel Hill Aero 28.4 +0.3 33.6 8th 15.3 0.0 8.5 5th 24.8 59.2 low 42%
St Lawrence 29.5 +0.5 34.0 9th 18.1 +0.3 12.8 4th 22.4 36.6 average 61%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 32.4   37.9 9th 17.1   12.4 6th 0.4
Williamson 29.3 +0.5 32.7 9th 17.8 +0.5 10.9 5th 5.0 31.1 low 16%
Woolshed 28.4 +1.0 34.0 20th 16.5 -1.0 9.9 8th 1.4 29.3 low 5%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.1 0.0 30.7 15th 19.6 +0.3 13.9 5th 35.8 49.4 average 72%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 34.3 +1.5 39.3 16th 17.7 -0.4 13.2 5th 1.4 17.7 average 8%
Moranbah Airport 33.9   38.8 8th 16.8   8.9 13th 13.4
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 33.4   40.5 8th 17.1   10.2 13th 14.0
Clermont Airport 33.5   39.2 8th 16.0   6.7 13th 4.0 31.6 low 13%
Emerald Airport 33.8 +2.0 40.0 8th 17.8 +0.7 13.1 13th 5.6 42.6 low 13%
Lochington 33.7   39.3 8th 15.8   9.2 13th 54.0 34.6 high 156%
Rolleston Airport 32.9   39.4 8th 15.2   8.8 13th 27.8 47.4 average 59%
Springsure Comet St 32.5 +1.9 38.7 15th 15.4 +0.2 7.7 21st 19.8 48.1 low 41%
Tambo Post Office 32.3 +1.3 40.0 16th 14.4 +0.6 7.0 10th 32.0 34.4 average 93%
Taroom Post Office 32.9 +2.9 40.1 8th 15.6 +0.9 8.4 13th 7.6 54.8 low 14%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office     40.1 16th 19.0 +1.4 11.2 13th 18.0 28.6 average 63%
Blackall Airport 33.6 +0.5 40.8 16th 17.1 +0.4 8.8 12th 83.8 26.9 v high 312%
Isisford Post Office 34.7 +1.5 41.4 16th 17.2 +0.5 10.6 11th 58.0 26.8 high 216%
Longreach Aero 35.6 +1.6 42.5 16th 18.0 +0.9 9.5 12th 3.0 21.9 low 14%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 37.6 +1.7 42.7 16th 20.3 +0.8 13.5 10th 6.0 13.7 average 44%
Carters Bore 35.3   40.4 15th 21.6   15.8 29th 5.8
New May Downs 35.7   40.7 16th 21.1   16.3 29th 3.0
The Monument Airport 35.3 -0.1 41.2 15th 17.7 -0.6 8.6 10th 0.6 9.5 average 6%
Trepell Airport 35.7 0.0 42.2 16th 17.8 -0.9 11.2 10th 2.6 11.6 average 22%
Urandangi Aerodrome 36.6   43.2 16th 17.1   8.6 10th 1.4
Winton Airport 36.6 +0.4 42.9 16th 17.8 -0.8 11.9 13th 0 6.3 v low 0%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie 34.9 +0.7 42.6 16th 16.9 -0.4 11.4 9th 6.3 13.6 average 46%
Birdsville Airport 34.9 +1.4 42.3 13th 17.6 +0.4 11.3 10th 0 8.3 lowest 0%
Windorah Airport 33.9   42.4 16th 18.2   10.7 11th 8.0
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 27.9 +0.9 31.9 20th 16.9 +0.4 12.1 5th 35.8 77.4 low 46%
Gayndah Airport 31.7 +1.6 40.4 8th 15.3 +0.3 9.7 4th 35.4 74.1 average 48%
Gladstone Airport 28.0 +0.4 34.2 8th 18.9 +0.4 13.4 4th 69.8 59.1 average 118%
Gladstone Radar 28.1 -0.4 32.9 8th 18.6 -0.2 14.3 12th 104.8 60.8 high 172%
Lady Elliot Island 26.3 +0.7 27.7 31st 20.6 +0.2 15.3 5th 29.0 57.0 average 51%
Monto Township 30.6 +1.5 38.6 8th 14.6 +1.2 8.5 4th 89.0 59.4 high 150%
Rockhampton Aero 31.2 +1.5 40.7 8th 18.0 +0.9 12.9 5th 45.8 49.5 average 93%
Seventeen Seventy 26.3 +0.4 27.9 31st 19.2 -0.1 14.1 12th 65.6 64.7 average 101%
Thangool Airport 31.9 +1.5 40.0 8th 14.5 +1.0 7.5 4th 31.4 56.6 average 55%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 29.7 +1.9 41.1 8th 12.7 -0.6 7.0 3rd 38.8 73.0 average 53%
Archerfield Airport 27.8 +0.8 33.2 7th 14.6 +0.2 9.2 3rd 27.0 78.2 low 35%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 29.3 +1.3 37.7 8th 12.9 -0.1 8.0 3rd 24.8 72.0 average 34%
Beerburrum Forest Station 26.8 -0.7 35.2 8th 14.2 -0.4 8.9 3rd 129.6 90.9 high 143%
Brisbane 26.8 -0.2 30.8 7th 16.5 +0.1 12.3 3rd 55.0 77.8 average 71%
Brisbane Aero 24.7 -0.7 27.7 8th 15.9 +0.1 11.2 13th 85.0 74.8 average 114%
Canungra (Defence) 27.3   37.1 7th 10.6   4.5 3rd 34.4
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 23.7 +0.6 26.2 31st 18.2 +0.3 12.1 13th 90.0 79.2 average 114%
Coolangatta 24.9 +0.3 28.3 27th 15.6 -0.3 9.4 3rd 42.8 89.4 low 48%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 25.9 +1.3 29.9 19th 18.9 +0.3 14.1 13th
Gold Coast Seaway 25.1 -0.3 28.9 8th 16.7 -0.2 12.5 13th 24.8 85.1 low 29%
Greenbank (Defence) 28.1   37.9 7th 12.0   5.7 3rd 39.8
Gympie 28.8 +0.5 38.7 7th 14.4 +0.6 7.7 4th 77.0 72.1 average 107%
Hervey Bay Airport 26.6 +0.1 30.7 20th 16.8 -0.1 9.9 4th 45.4 84.1 average 54%
Kingaroy Airport 29.1 +1.8 37.8 8th 11.8 +0.1 4.1 3rd 33.0 57.2 average 58%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 26.2 -0.3 34.1 7th 15.4 +0.4 10.5 3rd 45.8 68.4 average 67%
Maryborough 28.2 +0.5 32.7 7th 15.1 -0.3 8.9 5th 62.0 76.8 average 81%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 26.2 -0.3 36.3 8th 15.1 -0.3 9.7 13th 112.4 129.1 average 87%
Point Lookout 25.2 -0.2 28.9 31st 18.3 -0.1 12.8 13th 94.4 96.3 average 98%
Rainbow Beach 25.6 +0.1 30.7 8th       188.0 100.2 high 188%
Redcliffe 24.8 -0.7 28.7 17th 16.9 -0.1 12.1 13th 110.6 87.6 average 126%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 24.5   26.9 7th 15.6   9.8 3rd 78.0
Sunshine Coast Airport 25.2 -0.4 29.5 17th 15.8 +0.2 10.5 13th 151.6 91.4 high 166%
Tewantin RSL Park 25.3 -0.3 33.4 8th 16.7 -0.2 11.9 13th 178.0 118.2 high 151%
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 26.5   33.4 7th 15.8   11.0 4th 108.6
University of Queensland Gatton 30.7 +2.5 41.3 8th 12.4 -0.8 6.2 20th 21.6 64.6 low 33%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 25.2 +3.3 33.0 7th 8.6 -0.4 3.0 3rd 42.6 73.4 low 58%
Dalby Airport 30.9 +2.6 39.0 8th 12.7 +0.1 5.7 13th 5.6 61.0 v low 9%
Oakey Aero 29.6 +2.9 38.4 8th 12.6 +1.2 6.0 13th 31.8 57.1 average 56%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 25.2 +2.5 32.3 8th 8.8 -0.2 3.2 13th 60.2 70.0 average 86%
Texas Post Office 30.6 +2.6 38.0 7th 13.1 +1.3 8.2 2nd 22.8 60.6 low 38%
Toowoomba Airport 26.8 +2.3 35.8 7th 12.9 +0.1 7.7 12th 20.2 63.2 low 32%
Warwick 28.9 +3.0 37.3 7th 11.0 +0.4 6.1 20th 26.0 69.9 low 37%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 31.5 +2.0 38.8 7th 13.7 -0.2 5.7 13th 11.2 42.9 low 26%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 31.9 +2.4 37.9 7th 12.8 0.0 5.5 10th 6.6 48.8 v low 14%
Mitchell Post Office 32.3 +2.9 40.1 16th 12.5 +0.2 5.9 11th 9.2 42.8 low 21%
Roma Airport 32.5 +2.7 39.7 17th 13.2 -0.4 4.3 10th 0.8 50.1 v low 2%
St George Airport 32.0 +2.3 39.8 16th 15.0 +0.4 7.6 10th 0 40.0 lowest 0%
Surat 31.8 +2.6 38.6 7th 14.9 +1.0 7.8 10th 10.2 49.3 low 21%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 31.4 +1.7 40.2 6th 14.4 +0.6 7.4 10th 10.2 35.3 low 29%
Charleville Aero 32.1 +2.2 40.2 16th 15.2 +0.7 7.1 11th 31.0 34.9 average 89%
Cunnamulla Post Office 31.5 +1.8 38.6 14th 15.7 +0.8 9.6 12th 9.8 25.1 average 39%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 32.9 +0.1 40.7 16th 17.7 +0.3 11.3 9th 12.6 8.2 high 154%
Thargomindah Airport 32.3 +0.7 41.1 16th 17.5 +0.6 10.2 19th 3.6 13.8 average 26%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Cato Island 24.5   26.6 20th 20.9   14.9 13th
Creal Reef 24.6   26.3 20th 22.4   18.6 12th
Flinders Reef 26.3   29.3 19th 23.8   22.4 4th
Gannet Cay 24.0   27.9 20th 21.6   16.8 12th
Holmes Reef 25.9   26.8 9th 24.2   23.5 5th
Marion Reef 25.1   26.7 15th 22.9   21.2 4th
Middle Percy Island 25.5 -0.3 26.9 15th 20.0 -0.1 17.7 5th 8.0 29.9 low 27%
Willis Island 28.5 -0.2 29.7 26th 23.9 +0.2 23.4 5th 3.8 20.9 average 18%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Friday 1 November 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries