Queensland in November 2020: second-warmest November on record; below average rainfall across large parts of the state

Rainfall was below average across most of Queensland for November, except in the Cape York Peninsula and areas in the central west, where rainfall was close to the long-term average. Despite an active La Niña phase in the Pacific Ocean, there were a lack of rain-bearing systems during the month.

It was the second-warmest November on record for Queensland in terms of mean, maximum and minimum temperatures. Mean maximum temperatures were warmer than usual across nearly all of the state except pockets of the central east coast. Mean minimum temperatures were warmer than usual across most of the state, but close to average in the far south-east and base of the Cape York Peninsula.

Dry across the south-east

  • Widespread thunderstorms developed over the central and southern interior on the 8th to 10th, and over western Queensland on the 11th and 12th, before moving into eastern Queensland on the 13th.
  • Storms developed over northern Queensland on the 14th, and western Queensland on the 15th and 16th.
  • A surface trough extended from the north-west to the south-east from the 25th, and thunderstorms developed in the north-west, central west and small parts of the south-east.
  • Low pressure troughs and moist onshore flow produced showers and thunderstorms across Cape York Peninsula at the end of the month.

Second-warmest November on record

  • It was the second-warmest November on record for Queensland in terms of mean temperature, 2.51 °C above the long-term average (behind 2014).
  • Queensland's mean maximum temperature was 2.85 °C above the long-term average and the mean minimum temperature was 2.17 °C above the long-term average; both were the second-warmest on record after 2014.
  • November saw mean maximum temperatures warmer than usual across most of the state, except for pockets of the central east coast. A few sites had their highest November mean maximum temperature on record
  • Similarly, November mean minimum temperatures were warmer than usual for most of the state, except for pockets of the south-east and in the base of Cape York Peninsula.
  • A low- to severe-intensity heatwave affected much of north-west to south-east Queensland from the 15th to 17th.
  • From around the 23rd, another low- to severe-intensity heatwave affected much of the state west of a line from the Gulf Country to the Darling Downs. Areas in the south-west were affected by an extreme heatwave from the 27th to the end of the month.
  • Birdsville reported a record run of 4 days at or above 46.0 °C in November (27 to 30 November). The previous record was 3 days from 28 to 30 November 2006. A number of sites reported their highest November daily maximum temperature on record on the 30th.
  • A number of sites in central western and south-west Queensland reported their warmest November daily minimum temperature on record
  • For the year-to-date (January to November), Queensland's mean maximum temperature and mean minimum temperature were both more than a degree warmer than average.

Further information

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Extremes in November 2020
Hottest day 47.1 °C at Birdsville Airport on the 30th
Warmest days on average 41.5 °C at Urandangi Aerodrome
Coolest days on average 25.7 °C at Frederick Reef
Coldest day 19.4 °C at Applethorpe on the 8th
Coldest night 4.1 °C at Applethorpe on the 6th
Coolest nights on average 11.6 °C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 27.8 °C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 33.2 °C at Birdsville Airport on the 29th
Warmest on average overall 33.3 °C at Lake Julius AWS
Coolest on average overall 19.8 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 243.0 mm at Mt Jukes
Wettest day 160.0 mm at Bramwell on the 25th
Strongest wind gust 115 km/h at Longreach Aero on the 12th

Maps

Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window



Record highest November temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Charleville Aero 43.8 on the 30th 43.3 on the 29th in 2006 79 32.9
Bollon Mary St 45.6 on the 30th 44.4 on the 5th in 1965 64 32.9
Cunnamulla Post Office 45.4 on the 30th 44.0 on the 23rd in 2014 62 32.9
Surat 44.3 on the 30th 43.9 on the 29th in 2006 55 32.1
Mitchell Post Office 44.7 on the 30th 42.7 on the 22nd in 2014 52 32.0
Dalby Airport 41.3 on the 30th 40.5 on the 16th in 1996 29 30.6
Roma Airport 43.7 on the 30th 43.3 on the 29th in 1996 29 32.2
Miles Constance Street 42.6 on the 30th 40.8 on the 15th in 2014 24 31.5
St George Airport 45.1 on the 30th 44.0 on the 19th in 2009 24 32.3
Thargomindah Airport 46.2 on the 30th 45.4 on the 18th in 2009 22 34.3



Record highest November mean daily maximum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Lady Elliot Island 29.2 28.9 in 2018 80 27.3
Mount Isa Aero 40.1 39.8 in 2015 53 36.6
Seventeen Seventy 29.2 = 29.2 in 2019 33 27.6
Richmond Airport 40.3 40.1 in 2014 22 37.9
Bedourie 40.7 40.0 in 2014 21 36.8
Thargomindah Airport 38.0 37.8 in 2014 21 34.3
Birdsville Airport 40.2 39.3 in 2012 20 36.5



Record highest November daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Longreach Aero 29.5 on the 17th 29.1 on the 24th in 1987 55 20.1
Thargomindah Airport 32.8 on the 29th = 32.8 on the 19th in 2009 22 20.6
Birdsville Airport 33.2 on the 29th 32.1 on the 14th in 2014 21 21.2
Hughenden Airport 29.0 on the 25th 28.5 on the 22nd in 2014 20 21.8



Record highest November mean daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Boulia Airport 25.2 24.9 in 2014 124 21.4
Bedourie 23.1 = 23.1 in 2014 21 20.7



Record highest November mean temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Bedourie 32.1 31.6 in 2014 21 28.8
Birdsville Airport 31.6 31.3 in 2014 20 28.8

Highest November mean temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
November
Mount Isa Aero 31.5 31.6 in 1990 29.1
Camooweal Township 32.8 33.0 in 1990* 30.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for November 2020

Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2020
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2020
Mean for
November
2020
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2020
Total for
November
2020
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2020
Fraction of
November
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coen Airport 35.5 +0.8 39.2 6th 22.3 0.0 17.9 5th 12.0 31.1 average 39%
Horn Island 32.7 +0.7 34.4 23rd 26.2 +0.4 22.9 7th 76.2 39.1 high 195%
Scherger RAAF 37.2 +0.8 39.1 16th 22.9 -0.5 21.0 6th 27.8 85.4 low 33%
Weipa Aero 36.9 +1.1 38.6 20th 23.6 +0.1 21.8 27th 29.6 93.5 low 32%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 32.2 +0.4 33.4 18th 24.6 +1.5 18.9 7th 54.8 67.3 average 81%
Palmerville 37.6 +1.4 40.4 5th 21.0 -0.5 17.9 18th 41.6 61.2 average 68%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 37.7 +1.0 42.0 7th 24.4 +0.4 20.2 7th 8.2 40.2 low 20%
Century Mine 39.9 +0.7 43.4 25th 25.0 +1.3 18.2 1st 23.2 48.0 low 48%
Cloncurry Airport 40.0 +2.0 43.0 24th 25.0 +1.7 19.2 1st 24.2 32.4 average 75%
Julia Creek Airport 41.4 +2.3 44.0 25th 23.3 +1.5 16.1 1st 3.6 26.5 low 14%
Kowanyama Airport 37.8 +1.5 40.1 3rd 25.0 +0.9 20.8 27th 69.8 55.7 average 125%
Lake Julius AWS 40.3   43.5 25th 26.3   22.3 22nd 21.0


Mornington Island Airport 34.1   37.4 7th 26.4   22.7 1st 46.8


Mount Isa Aero 40.1 +3.5 43.1 29th 22.9 +1.4 16.2 2nd 10.6 37.2 low 28%
Normanton Airport 38.4 +1.3 42.2 6th 25.8 +0.4 21.9 28th 35.8 40.7 average 88%
Sweers Island 33.4 +0.1 36.6 1st 27.8 +1.2 25.9 3rd 1.0 67.2 v low 1%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 37.8 +0.9 40.5 7th 22.3 -0.6 19.5 1st 53.0 56.9 average 93%
Hughenden Airport 38.7 +2.0 42.9 15th 22.4 +0.6 13.5 1st 6.4 42.4 low 15%
Richmond Airport 40.3 +2.4 42.8 24th 22.2 +0.4 14.1 1st 6.0 41.7 low 14%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 32.1 +1.4 33.8 18th 22.7 +0.4 19.3 2nd 54.4 90.3 average 60%
Cairns Racecourse 31.5   33.3 16th 21.8   18.6 2nd 87.6


Cape Flattery 32.0 +0.2 32.7 26th 24.5 +0.2 20.2 1st 44.6 27.8 average 160%
Cooktown Airport 32.2 +0.5 34.9 6th 23.8 -0.1 18.6 1st 84.8 57.8 high 147%
Low Isles Lighthouse 32.1 +0.4 34.7 14th 25.0 +0.5 23.6 21st 28.2 88.2 low 32%
Mareeba Airport 32.5 +0.8 37.9 6th 19.2 0.0 16.5 2nd 0.4 40.6 low 1%
Walkamin Research Station 31.2 +0.6 36.5 6th 18.2 -0.3 14.6 2nd 3.2 70.6 v low 5%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cowley Beach (Defence) 31.2   32.6 27th 22.4   17.6 2nd 37.0


Innisfail Aerodrome 31.6   33.5 6th 20.3   16.5 2nd 57.4


Lucinda Point 28.2 -0.2 30.3 16th 24.6 +0.4 22.4 5th



Mount Stuart (Defence) 31.9   36.5 6th 22.5   20.7 10th 0


South Johnstone Exp Stn 30.5 0.0 33.9 6th 21.3 +0.7 18.3 5th 42.8 145.3 low 29%
Townsville Aero 31.8 +1.0 33.9 6th 23.3 +0.4 19.7 5th 3.0 56.4 v low 5%
Townsville- Air Weapons Range (Defence) 32.8   38.3 6th 20.4   18.3 26th 0


East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 29.3 -0.4 30.7 6th 24.6 +1.0 22.4 1st 22.4 55.7 average 40%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 31.8 +0.6 33.9 6th 20.8 +0.2 17.9 5th 0.2 43.7 v low 0%
Bowen Airport AWS 31.7   32.9 2nd 21.9   18.0 5th 0.6


Collinsville Post Office 35.2 +1.7 39.6 6th 20.7 +0.8 17.7 4th 0 48.7 lowest 0%
Hamilton Island Airport 29.3 +0.7 31.9 15th 23.8 +0.6 22.0 10th 15.4 77.3 average 20%
Mackay Aero 30.5 +0.8 32.6 6th 21.1 +0.6 16.7 11th 29.0 77.3 average 38%
Mackay M.O 30.5 +1.2 33.2 25th 22.5 +0.7 19.0 13th 48.4 90.2 average 54%
Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 29.6   32.4 6th 20.4   16.2 11th 55.8


Proserpine Airport 32.4 +0.7 37.6 6th 20.0 +0.3 16.2 5th 19.2 79.8 low 24%
Samuel Hill Aero 29.8 +0.3 33.0 30th 17.6 +0.1 11.7 12th 33.6 65.0 average 52%
St Lawrence 30.8 +0.2 35.3 6th 20.4 +0.1 15.5 11th 5.2 55.6 v low 9%
Townsville- Fanning River (Defence) 34.4   39.4 6th 19.6   17.2 6th 0


Williamson 30.5 +0.1 32.5 30th 20.2 +0.3 14.9 11th 2.6 42.7 v low 6%
Woolshed 29.5 +1.1 33.0 6th 19.2 0.0 16.4 6th 2.8 56.7 low 5%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 27.8 +0.2 30.1 5th 22.6 +1.2 18.7 13th 2.0 63.7 v low 3%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 36.2 +2.1 40.5 6th 21.3 +0.9 19.6 22nd 0 59.3 lowest 0%
Moranbah Airport 35.8   40.2 30th 19.3   15.2 1st 4.8


Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 35.0   40.0 15th 19.5   14.1 1st 6.8


Clermont Airport 35.7 +1.8 40.2 30th 19.9 +1.2 11.9 1st 15.2 43.2 low 35%
Emerald Airport 35.1 +1.6 39.9 30th 20.2 +0.7 15.0 1st 38.4 50.4 average 76%
Lochington 35.2 +1.5 39.9 30th 19.9 +1.3 12.7 1st 33.2 35.5 average 94%
Rolleston Airport 35.0 +1.7 40.0 30th 18.9 +1.0 12.6 1st 52.4 36.7 average 143%
Springsure Comet St 34.6 +1.8 39.3 30th 18.6 +0.7 11.6 2nd 12.6 63.4 low 20%
Tambo Post Office 35.8 +2.5 40.8 30th 19.3 +2.3 10.0 1st 25.8 46.3 average 56%
Taroom Post Office 35.1 +3.0 41.3 30th 19.3 +1.7 11.9 7th 8.0 71.9 v low 11%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 36.6 +2.0 41.2 24th 22.6 +2.2 15.6 1st 45.2 39.9 high 113%
Blackall Airport 37.7 +2.7 42.2 15th 21.5 +1.4 12.1 1st 5.6 44.1 low 13%
Isisford Post Office 38.5 +2.7 43.0 15th 22.2 +2.2 13.0 6th 4.0 35.3 low 11%
Longreach Aero 38.4 +2.1 43.3 24th 22.6 +2.5 15.7 1st 66.2 29.2 high 227%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 40.5 +2.9 42.5 29th 25.0 +2.6 17.7 3rd 8.4 29.7 average 28%
Carters Bore 39.3   42.6 29th 25.1   18.6 7th 12.6


New May Downs 39.5   42.2 29th 24.2   18.8 7th 7.2


The Monument Airport 40.1 +2.7 43.2 30th 22.5 +1.0 13.5 1st 7.8 27.9 average 28%
Trepell Airport 40.1 +2.4 43.3 15th 23.4 +1.6 15.8 1st 6.4 25.5 average 25%
Urandangi Aerodrome 41.5   44.8 11th 22.4   13.4 1st 8.8


Winton Airport 40.2 +2.1 44.3 16th 23.0 +1.3 13.5 1st 4.6 22.9 low 20%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie 40.7 +3.9 46.6 30th 23.1 +2.4 13.9 6th 1.4 17.5 low 8%
Birdsville Airport 40.2 +3.7 47.1 30th 23.0 +1.8 13.8 6th 0 16.8 lowest 0%
Boulia Airport      
25.2 +3.8 17.0 1st 0.5 20.7 low 2%
Windorah Airport 39.2   45.3 30th 23.9   13.7 6th 3.8


Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 30.2 +1.6 33.0 6th 19.3 +0.5 14.4 10th 1.0 82.4 v low 1%
Gayndah Airport 33.4 +1.6 39.0 15th 17.8 +0.4 12.7 10th 15.8 51.2 low 31%
Gladstone Airport 29.9 +0.9 33.1 5th 21.1 +0.6 17.5 10th 10.2 54.0 v low 19%
Gladstone Radar 30.9 +0.8 33.6 17th 21.4 +0.8 17.5 10th 13.4 65.9 v low 20%
Lady Elliot Island 29.2 +1.9 30.7 26th 22.5 +0.6 19.5 11th 22.8 64.8 low 35%
Monto Township 33.0 +2.0 38.9 30th 16.4 +0.2 10.5 10th 1.8 71.7 v low 3%
Rockhampton Aero 32.4 +1.1 36.6 15th 20.4 +0.8 16.8 12th 1.6 65.5 v low 2%
Rundle Island 26.8 +0.4 29.8 23rd 23.4 +0.9 21.1 10th



Seventeen Seventy 29.2 +1.6 31.1 25th 21.8 +0.8 17.0 10th 17.0 69.6 low 24%
Thangool Airport 33.8 +1.8 39.0 30th 16.4 +0.1 11.4 11th 2.4 74.2 v low 3%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 32.0 +2.3 38.1 29th 15.3 -1.0 9.6 6th 30.8 79.3 low 39%
Archerfield Airport 29.7 +1.1 34.1 17th 17.5 +0.3 11.8 9th 27.8 96.8 low 29%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 31.6 +1.5 38.4 29th 15.2 -1.0 9.7 10th 6.6 74.5 v low 9%
Beerburrum Forest Station 29.0 +0.4 35.6 17th 16.2 -0.3 11.6 11th 30.8 111.4 v low 28%
Brisbane 28.9 +0.6 32.2 24th 19.0 +0.2 15.5 11th 20.0 88.0 low 23%
Brisbane Aero 27.3 +0.3 31.5 1st 18.2 -0.1 13.9 6th 13.8 88.6 lowest 16%
Canungra (Defence) 29.6   36.8 29th 13.6   8.2 10th 7.0


Cape Moreton Lighthouse 26.2 +1.4 28.8 26th 20.3 +0.7 17.6 8th 9.6 91.3 v low 11%
Coolangatta 27.4 +1.4 31.0 15th 18.2 +0.1 14.3 11th 15.6 115.1 v low 14%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 27.4 +1.2 32.8 30th 21.0 +0.8 18.4 9th 28.4 86.2 low 33%
Gold Coast Seaway 27.0 +0.1 31.4 14th 19.2 +0.2 16.2 1st 19.4 106.7 lowest 18%
Greenbank (Defence) 30.8   36.6 17th 14.7   10.1 10th 28.8


Gympie 30.5 +0.3 37.2 17th 16.4 -0.1 11.0 10th 43.2 86.8 low 50%
Hervey Bay Airport 28.7 +0.6 30.5 26th 19.7 +0.6 12.5 12th 13.2 63.6 low 21%
Kingaroy Airport 30.8 +1.5 37.2 15th 14.1 -0.4 9.0 11th 30.6 54.6 average 56%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 28.7 +0.7 33.6 29th 17.9 +0.4 14.0 11th 26.3 97.2 v low 27%
Maryborough 30.7 +1.3 34.3 17th 17.4 -0.4 12.3 10th 8.8 83.3 v low 11%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 28.3 -0.3 35.7 17th 17.4 -0.4 12.9 11th 37.2 99.5 v low 37%
Rainbow Beach 27.4 +0.4 32.1 14th      
19.2 85.2 low 23%
Redcliffe 27.2 0.0 30.5 1st 19.4 -0.2 15.5 4th 47.2 83.5 average 57%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 27.0   30.1 1st 17.9   14.4 4th 30.2


Sunshine Coast Airport 27.4 +0.1 32.8 14th 17.7 -0.2 13.4 11th 30.0 79.8 low 38%
Tewantin RSL Park 27.3 +0.5 32.9 14th 18.9 +0.1 15.6 12th 44.0 91.3 average 48%
Tin Can Bay (Defence) 28.7   34.0 17th 17.8   12.4 12th 24.6


University of Queensland Gatton 33.1 +2.8 39.8 29th 15.4 -0.6 9.1 9th 8.0 77.3 v low 10%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 28.0 +3.9 34.2 29th 11.6 0.0 4.1 6th 5.6 76.2 lowest 7%
Dalby Airport 33.9 +3.3 41.3 30th 15.8 +0.2 9.7 1st 3.0 64.5 lowest 5%
Oakey Aero 31.9 +3.0 38.1 30th 14.7 +0.2 7.4 6th 3.0 72.3 v low 4%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 28.9 +3.6 34.6 29th 12.1 +0.2 4.9 6th 8.6 74.1 v low 12%
Texas Post Office 34.3 +3.7 42.5 30th 16.0 +1.0 9.6 6th 11.2 66.5 v low 17%
Toowoomba Airport 28.8 +2.4 35.2 29th 15.1 +0.3 9.6 6th 2.2 69.5 v low 3%
Warwick 31.2 +3.0 37.5 29th 13.6 -0.1 6.1 6th 6.8 82.3 lowest 8%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 35.0 +3.5 42.6 30th 18.0 +0.9 10.1 7th 7.0 48.1 lowest 15%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 35.5 +3.9 41.9 30th 18.0 +2.0 9.8 6th 1.0 71.2 v low 1%
Mitchell Post Office 36.4 +4.4 44.7 30th 17.7 +1.6 10.4 7th 20.6 57.2 low 36%
Roma Airport 36.0 +3.8 43.7 30th 18.5 +1.4 9.6 1st 0.2 56.6 lowest 0%
St George Airport 36.0 +3.7 45.1 30th 19.8 +1.7 10.7 6th 9.6 55.7 v low 17%
Surat 35.6 +3.5 44.3 30th 20.1 +3.0 12.1 1st 0 54.1 lowest 0%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 36.6 +3.7 45.6 30th 21.1 +3.8 11.1 6th 12.8 40.9 low 31%
Charleville Aero 36.7 +3.8 43.8 30th 21.2 +3.2 12.5 6th 10.0 42.4 low 24%
Cunnamulla Post Office 37.2 +4.3 45.4 30th 21.6 +3.4 12.2 6th 5.8 30.2 low 19%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 38.5 +3.1 47.0 30th 22.3 +1.5 13.3 6th 6.0 24.6 low 24%
Thargomindah Airport 38.0 +3.7 46.2 30th 23.1 +2.5 13.7 6th 0 30.8 lowest 0%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Bougainville Reef 27.5   29.5 24th     23.4 28th



Cato Island 26.2   29.2 6th 22.9   19.6 11th



Creal Reef 26.1   27.4 1st 24.8   22.1 11th



Flinders Reef 27.4   29.8 14th 25.3   22.7 10th



Frederick Reef 25.7   29.5 5th 23.8   20.9 11th



Gannet Cay 25.9   28.5 30th 24.1   19.9 10th



Holmes Reef 27.7   30.7 24th 25.7   22.2 28th



Lihou Reef Lighthouse 26.9   28.0 2nd 25.1   23.2 11th



Marion Reef 26.8   30.3 14th 24.9   21.9 19th



Middle Percy Island 27.8 +0.6 29.4 6th 21.9 +0.3 18.7 10th 8.2 76.1 low 11%
Willis Island 30.2 +0.3 32.0 1st 25.2 +0.5 21.9 27th 69.4 38.8 high 179%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Tuesday 1 December 2020. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057

Climate