Queensland in January 2016: Hot and dry in the north; wet in the south

Heavy rainfall at the start of the month brought much needed rainfall to parts of western, central and southern Queensland, although it was relatively dry in the north. Very warm days and nights were experienced in the far north, along with unusually warm days along the east coast. Very warm nights were recorded through most of the State, except in the south.

  • Heavy rainfall in parts of the Gulf Country at the start of the month
  • Below-average January rain in the far north and parts of the east coast
  • Wetter than usual in areas of southern Queensland
  • Very warm days and nights in the far north and some eastern districts
  • Warm nights across much of the State

Rainfall was below average in the far north, but above average in parts of southern Queensland. Remaining areas were near-average. The most notable rain event occurred at the start of the month, when the combination of a tropical low pressure system located near Birdsville and a monsoon trough in the north extended an incredibly moist airmass southwards from northern Queensland through the State's interior. The systems produced showers and thunderstorms with moderate to heavy rain falling across the Gulf Country. As a surface trough deepened and the tropical low tracked slowly eastwards, moderate rain fell in parts of the west, the northern and southern interior, and in the southeast.  Scattered thunderstorms produced isolated, moderate falls during the month. Near the end of the month, a broad area of low pressure triggered showers and storms over northern Queensland, while a slow-moving surface trough extending from the northwest to southeast brought unstable conditions, and widespread falls to districts east of the trough. Mitchell recorded its wettest January day in 129 years, with 157.6 mm recorded to 9am on the 28th. In contrast, rainfall in the north and parts of the east coast was below average. Despite the monthly rainfall totals exceeding 100 mm in the north, rainfall was well below average in the Cape York Peninsula, north tropical coast and regions of the central east coast.

For Queensland as a whole, both mean maximum and mean minimum temperatures were above the long-term average. Daytime temperatures were well above average in the northwest, far north extending down the east coast to about Bundaberg. It was extremely warm across most of far northern Queensland during January, with numerous sites in the Cape York Peninsula recording their warmest January mean maximum temperatures on recordThere were cooler days across the western, central and southern districts correlating to the areas receiving heavy rainfall at the start of the month. A warmer airmass dominated much of the State’s interior in the second week, with above average daytime temperatures experienced in the west and south, before the warmth pushed into the southeast. Much of the State, with the exception of areas recording moderate falls, remained warmer than average for the remainder of the month. 

Overnight temperatures were above average across much of the State, apart from an area in the southeast. Very warm nights were experienced across the far north, Gulf Country and areas of the northern and central interior, whilst the remainder of the State was near average. Cooler than usual overnight temperatures were experienced across most of the State in the first week of January. Very warm nights occurred in the southwest in the second week of the month, while cooler nights were recorded along most of the east coast over the same time. A similar pattern emerged during the third week across similar areas. Much of the west, the central and southern interior, and northern Queensland experienced warm nights for the rest of the month.

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Extremes in January 2016
Hottest day 44.2 C at Bedourie Police Station on the 12th and at Birdsville Airport on the 20th
Warmest days on average 39.8 C at Boulia Airport
Coolest days on average 26.4 C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 17.3 C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on the 3rd
Coldest night 10.4 C at Applethorpe on the 7th
Coolest nights on average 14.4 C at Applethorpe
Warmest nights on average 27.4 C at Sweers Island
Warmest night 33.2 C at Birdsville Airport on the 12th
Warmest on average overall 33.1 C at Boulia Airport
Coolest on average overall 20.4 C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 350.2 mm at Laura Post Office
Wettest day 202.0 mm at Augustus Downs Station on the 1st
Strongest wind gust 119 km/h at Ballera Gas Field on the 20th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest January daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Mitchell Post Office 157.6 on the 28th 138.4 on the 24th in 1954 129
Byzantium 150.0 on the 6th 114.3 on the 24th in 1941 77
Boothulla 126.0 on the 3rd 108.5 on the 17th in 1954 48
Beenham Valley Rd 160.0 on the 31st 92.4 on the 31st in 1979 35
Allambie 80.0 on the 3rd 55.0 on the 29th in 2012 28



Record highest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Beardy Junction 163.4 160.8 in 2004 20 79.0

Highest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
January
Mitchell Post Office 283.0 328.1 in 1954 81.9
Whynot Station 147.0 147.8 in 1984 56.1
Bell Police 159.8 181.0 in 1991* 83.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Babinda Post Office 8.0 33.0 in 1947 103 637.9
Merluna 75.2 122.0 in 1990 61 388.4
Paluma Ivy Cottage 17.0 55.0 in 1990 48 555.6
Adavale 3.8 4.1 in 2003 25 59.8
Horn Island 58.0 93.2 in 1996 21 395.3
Archer River Roadhouse 86.6 104.0 in 2004 20 346.9

Lowest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
January
Greenhaven 116.8 90.8 in 1987 366.5
Elphinstone Pocket No1 56.4 28.2 in 1987* 340.1
Hawkins Creek 69.4 61.0 in 1992 419.2
Innisfail 77.3 42.6 in 1992 507.3
Kelsey Creek Dittmer Rd 36.4 33.8 in 1992 277.6
Tully Sugar Mill 102.4 53.0 in 1992 597.5
Victoria Sugar Mill 78.4 30.5 in 1992 400.2
Weipa Aero 115.4 0.0 in 1990* 467.6
Aurukun Shire Council 79.4 0.0 in 1991* 457.6
Bingil Bay 73.2 37.4 in 1992* 486.0
Moreton Telegraph Station 127.9 20.6 in 1986* 334.6
Mt Sophia 148.0 73.5 in 1992* 527.4
South Johnstone Exp Stn 104.8 45.0 in 1992* 519.1
Walkamin Research Station 65.8 64.8 in 1995 216.8
Highbury Station 91.6 76.1 in 1995* 259.4
Low Isles Lighthouse 96.6 84.2 in 1995* 397.5
Werrington Station 67.0 26.0 in 1994* 212.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest January temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Coconut Island 36.6 on the 20th 36.2 on the 3rd in 2013 20 31.7



Record lowest January daily maximum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Dalby Airport 22.2 on the 16th 22.5 on the 18th in 1995 25 32.5



Record highest January mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Lockhart River Airport 33.4 33.3 in 2013 50 31.7
Weipa Aero 33.8 33.6 in 2007 23 31.9
Horn Island 32.7 31.6 in 2002 20 30.8

Highest January mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
January
Rockhampton Aero 34.6 34.7 in 1947 32.0
Kowanyama Airport 34.5 35.6 in 1988 33.0
Collinsville Post Office 35.6 37.0 in 1994 33.4
Thangool Airport 35.4 35.8 in 1994 33.5



Record highest January daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Willis Island 28.9 on the 31st 28.5 on the 14th in 1999 91 25.7
Townsville Aero 29.0 on the 29th = 29.0 on the 22nd in 1994 76 24.3
Horn Island 28.7 on the 17th 28.4 on the 5th in 2014 21 25.1



Record lowest January temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 12.7 on the 30th 13.4 on the 15th in 1997 24 20.6



Record highest January mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Horn Island 26.8 25.8 in 2002 20 25.1



Record lowest January mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Sunshine Coast Airport 19.4 19.6 in 2003 21 21.3
Tewantin RSL Park 20.5 = 20.5 in 2003 20 21.9

Lowest January mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
January
Maryborough 19.5 =19.5 in 1977 20.7



Record highest January mean temperature
New record
(C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Lockhart River Airport 29.0 = 29.0 in 2013 50 27.7
Weipa Aero 29.2 29.1 in 2007 23 28.1
Horn Island 29.7 28.7 in 2002 20 28.0

Highest January mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
January
Rockhampton Aero 28.8 28.9 in 1987 27.0
Kowanyama Airport 29.8 30.1 in 1988 28.7
Collinsville Post Office 29.2 29.9 in 1994 27.7



Summary statistics for January 2016
Maximum temperatures
(C)
Minimum temperatures
(C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2016
Mean for
January
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2016
Total for
January
2016
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2016
Fraction of
January
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 33.4 +1.7 36.6 20th 27.0 +1.2 24.8 31st 87.6 279.5 low 31%
Coen Airport 34.6 +2.3 37.2 24th 23.5 -0.4 21.0 13th 103.4 287.4 v low 36%
Horn Island 32.7 +1.9 33.8 22nd 26.8 +1.7 24.3 7th 58.0 395.3 lowest 15%
Weipa Aero 33.8 +1.9 36.8 16th 24.7 +0.5 23.5 10th 115.4 467.6 v low 25%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport 33.4 +1.7 36.6 7th 24.5 +0.8 22.0 13th 137.0 399.7 v low 34%
Palmerville 34.6 +1.2 37.0 23rd 23.5 +0.6 19.4 13th 150.4 265.6 low 57%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 35.8 +1.5 39.4 24th 25.7 +0.4 21.9 2nd 83.2 242.4 v low 34%
Century Mine 38.2 +1.8 42.5 27th 25.2 +0.5 20.9 7th 57.2 192.7 v low 30%
Cloncurry Airport 37.7 +1.2 42.1 28th 25.7 +1.0 20.5 4th 90.0 171.8 average 52%
Julia Creek Airport 38.0 +0.8 42.3 24th 23.7 +0.1 18.4 6th 35.4 133.1 low 27%
Kowanyama Airport 34.5 +1.5 37.9 9th 25.2 +0.9 21.9 2nd 203.4 339.1 low 60%
Lake Julius AWS 38.3   42.4 28th 25.8   20.6 4th 76.0
Mornington Island Airport 32.6   34.0 28th 26.9   22.5 2nd 212.0
Mount Isa Aero 38.0 +1.6 43.1 27th 23.7 0.0 17.5 4th 59.8 117.4 average 51%
Normanton Airport 34.8 +1.0 38.5 8th 25.8 +0.6 22.0 1st 149.6 240.5 low 62%
Sweers Island 33.8 +1.4 36.6 24th 27.4 +1.0 21.5 2nd 100.5 333.8 v low 30%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 35.2 +1.6 37.7 24th 23.9 +0.6 19.4 7th 49.4 249.5 v low 20%
Hughenden Airport 37.4 +2.0 41.8 23rd 24.5 +1.1 19.2 6th 16.6 128.4 v low 13%
Richmond Airport 38.0 +1.4 41.1 23rd 24.2 +0.9 19.4 6th 38.0 123.2 low 31%
Richmond Post Office 37.8 +0.9 41.0 23rd 24.8 +1.8 20.5 5th 45.4 121.6 low 37%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 32.2 +0.7 36.1 6th 23.9 +0.2 20.6 7th 277.6 390.2 average 71%
Cairns Racecourse 32.7   37.4 6th 23.2   19.2 7th 109.2
Cape Flattery 32.8 +0.7 35.7 5th 25.4 +0.7 22.3 2nd 94.2 277.9 v low 34%
Cooktown Airport 32.9 +1.0 38.5 7th 24.7 +0.4 21.2 2nd 95.4 265.6 v low 36%
Low Isles Lighthouse 33.4 +1.2 36.5 7th 25.5 0.0 21.4 2nd 96.6 397.5 v low 24%
Mareeba Airport 32.3 +1.2 36.5 7th 21.1 -0.3 17.7 7th 68.0 208.4 low 33%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 31.0 -0.5 34.9 6th 23.6 +0.7 20.3 7th 168.9 438.5 low 39%
Ingham Composite 34.2 +1.8 39.0 6th 22.6 -0.4 18.4 7th 119.0 380.1 low 31%
Innisfail 31.7 +0.8 36.7 7th 23.8 +0.9 20.6 7th 77.3 507.3 v low 15%
Lucinda Point 30.4 +0.3 33.7 5th 25.9 +0.6 22.8 26th 64.0 178.9 low 36%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 32.1 +0.9 37.7 6th 22.7 +0.1 18.3 7th 104.8 519.1 v low 20%
Townsville Aero 32.7 +1.3 38.3 6th 25.4 +1.1 22.8 7th 76.4 270.1 low 28%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 31.9 +0.7 37.7 5th 26.0 +1.3 22.6 13th 23.8 240.0 v low 10%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 33.0 +1.2 38.2 6th 23.3 +0.6 19.5 22nd 59.0 217.1 low 27%
Bowen Airport AWS 32.5   36.6 6th 24.3   20.3 23rd 104.6
Collinsville Post Office 35.6 +2.2 38.9 7th 22.8 +0.9 18.7 13th 59.0 135.8 low 43%
Hamilton Island Airport 30.8 +1.0 33.7 6th 25.2 +0.5 22.2 18th 139.0 270.9 low 51%
Mackay Aero 31.6 +1.4 34.4 29th 23.0 0.0 18.7 21st 218.2 309.8 average 70%
Mackay M.O 31.4 +1.3 34.3 31st 23.6 0.0 20.1 21st 216.8 275.9 average 79%
Proserpine Airport 32.5 +1.0 36.1 6th 22.2 -0.4 18.3 23rd 155.2 288.7 low 54%
Samuel Hill Aero 32.0 +1.3 36.7 6th 20.6 -0.9 14.9 13th 77.4 205.7 low 38%
St Lawrence 32.3 +0.6 37.0 6th 23.1 +0.1 18.6 21st 188.0 195.9 average 96%
Williamson 32.6 +1.2 36.7 6th 22.8 -0.1 17.8 21st 45.6 161.1 v low 28%
Woolshed 29.9 +1.4 35.6 6th 21.3 +0.5 17.7 7th 115.0 252.0 average 46%
Yeppoon The Esplanade 29.4 +0.1 35.2 29th 24.4 +0.7 19.9 21st 32.4 128.5 low 25%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 35.3 +1.6 38.5 7th 23.1 +0.7 20.4 22nd 96.8 155.8 average 62%
Moranbah Airport 36.2   41.0 23rd 21.7   17.2 21st 52.6
Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 35.3   39.5 23rd 21.7   19.7 7th 82.0
Clermont Airport 35.8   39.7 25th 21.9   17.7 6th 68.0
Emerald Airport 35.1 +0.7 39.8 23rd 22.6 +0.4 20.2 4th 122.6 89.0 high 138%
Lochington 35.0   38.6 13th 21.9   17.9 6th 106.2
Rolleston Airport 35.6   40.5 23rd 21.3   17.9 21st 62.6
Springsure Comet St 34.7 +0.8 38.6 24th 20.9 +0.1 17.4 7th 58.4 110.1 average 53%
Tambo Post Office 34.6 -0.3 39.8 23rd 21.1 +0.7 16.0 7th 87.1 80.3 average 108%
Taroom Post Office 35.0 +1.3 39.6 23rd 21.5 +0.8 17.6 8th 66.2 98.7 average 67%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 37.4 +1.8 42.9 23rd 25.1 +1.9 19.4 5th 37.9 86.0 average 44%
Blackall Airport 36.7 +0.7 42.4 23rd 23.3 +0.4 17.6 7th 52.0 97.1 average 54%
Isisford Post Office 38.2 +1.3 43.1 23rd 24.7 +1.7 20.7 4th 69.6 69.8 average 100%
Longreach Aero 38.0 +1.0 42.8 23rd 24.2 +1.1 19.5 4th 111.4 78.4 high 142%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 37.9 +0.6 42.5 27th 24.8 +0.5 19.4 3rd 49.4 98.8 average 50%
Carters Bore 37.6   42.3 28th 25.5   18.9 3rd 40.6
New May Downs 37.7   42.5 27th 24.8   18.9 3rd 115.6
The Monument Airport 38.8 +1.5 43.1 28th 25.3 +0.9 18.4 3rd 49.4 66.6 average 74%
Trepell Airport 38.5 +1.2 42.0 28th 25.0 +0.7 19.1 3rd 60.0 99.1 average 61%
Urandangi Aerodrome 39.2   43.3 27th 24.2   18.4 3rd 22.2
Winton Airport 38.1 +0.6 43.3 28th 24.4 +0.3 19.6 4th 73.0 81.8 average 89%
Lower Western (district 38)
Bedourie Police Station 39.1 -0.1 44.2 12th 24.8 -0.2 18.7 3rd 11.5 32.2 average 36%
Birdsville Airport 39.2 -1.1 44.2 20th 25.4 -0.9 18.8 30th 33.4 23.8 average 140%
Boulia Airport 39.8 +1.3 43.9 11th 26.5 +1.9 20.0 3rd 18.2 47.4 average 38%
Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 30.4 +0.2 33.9 6th 20.7 -0.8 17.2 2nd 301.4 177.0 high 170%
Gayndah Airport 34.0 +0.5 40.0 29th 19.8 -1.0 15.0 1st 74.6 95.4 average 78%
Gladstone Airport 31.3 +0.6 35.1 29th 22.9 -0.1 19.8 20th 121.4 146.7 average 83%
Gladstone Radar 33.2 +1.9 36.4 29th 23.0 +0.5 20.8 5th 119.0 152.9 average 78%
Monto Township 33.4 +1.4 37.2 12th 19.1 -0.2 14.7 1st 126.4 112.8 average 112%
Rockhampton Aero 34.6 +2.6 39.1 7th 22.9 +0.8 19.1 21st 34.4 131.8 v low 26%
Rundle Island 28.8 +0.7 30.8 5th 24.9 +0.6 21.8 4th
Sandy Cape Lighthouse 29.7 +0.3 31.8 25th 22.1 -0.3 20.0 2nd 190.7 164.2 high 116%
Seventeen Seventy 30.2 +0.9 32.4 29th 22.5 -0.4 19.2 1st 129.8 168.9 average 77%
Thangool Airport 35.4 +1.9 39.5 23rd 19.3 -0.4 14.3 20th 138.8 98.6 high 141%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 31.4 +0.3 36.0 31st 18.2 -1.4 14.0 2nd 72.4 116.3 average 62%
Archerfield Airport 30.7 +0.3 36.3 29th 19.7 -0.6 15.4 2nd 78.2 138.6 low 56%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 31.2   36.7 12th 18.0   13.5 2nd 98.2
Beerburrum Forest Station 29.8 -0.4 35.6 29th 18.6 -1.2 15.3 19th 111.4 201.8 average 55%
Brisbane 30.4 +0.2 35.7 29th 20.9 -0.6 18.0 17th 51.4 147.9 average 35%
Brisbane Aero 28.7 -0.3 32.4 29th 20.3 -1.0 16.1 17th 90.4 139.6 average 65%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 27.7 +0.8 31.1 6th 22.2 +0.2 19.5 2nd 53.8 148.9 low 36%
Coolangatta 28.6 +0.3 32.0 29th 20.2 -0.8 16.8 20th 166.8 165.0 average 101%
Double Island Point Lighthouse 28.8 +1.0 32.7 30th 22.2 -0.2 19.3 1st 98.8 163.5 average 60%
Gold Coast Seaway 29.1 +0.4 33.6 29th 21.1 -0.8 18.2 2nd 67.2 136.6 low 49%
Gympie 32.1 +0.9 36.4 22nd 18.7 -0.9 13.6 19th 128.2 164.5 average 78%
Hervey Bay Airport 29.8 -0.3 32.6 7th 20.4 -1.7 16.7 2nd 178.6 149.7 average 119%
Jimna Forestry 28.0 -0.1 32.2 29th 16.0 -1.5 11.5 19th
Kingaroy Airport 29.8 -1.0 33.8 23rd 16.9 -1.1 11.5 19th 142.0 99.1 high 143%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 29.9 +0.2 35.5 29th 19.2 -1.4 12.7 30th 74.3 132.8 average 56%
Maleny Tamarind St 26.8 -0.4 30.6 23rd 17.7 -1.3 15.0 18th 120.9 284.0 low 43%
Maryborough 31.0 +0.3 34.8 6th 19.5 -1.2 15.8 2nd 222.8 165.5 high 135%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 29.2   35.7 29th 19.3   16.1 19th 106.8
Point Lookout 29.4 +0.2 32.7 25th 22.0 -0.5 19.3 2nd 83.0 153.5 average 54%
Rainbow Beach 28.7 -0.1 33.1 29th       126.0 173.3 average 73%
Redcliffe 28.5 -0.5 33.8 29th 21.1 -1.1 17.8 2nd 71.0 157.6 average 45%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 28.8   32.0 29th 19.9   16.4 2nd 84.6
Sunshine Coast Airport 29.5 +0.6 33.6 29th 19.4 -1.9 15.9 19th 240.8 154.3 high 156%
Tewantin RSL Park 28.3 -0.2 33.8 29th 20.5 -1.4 17.7 19th 247.6 151.7 high 163%
University of Queensland Gatton 32.5 +1.0 37.1 22nd 18.2 -0.9 13.5 1st 72.4 111.8 average 65%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 26.4 -0.1 32.0 14th 14.4 -0.8 10.4 7th 132.2 99.0 high 134%
Dalby Airport 31.6 -0.9 36.6 22nd 18.4 -0.4 14.3 1st 105.6 77.1 average 137%
Oakey Aero 30.6 -0.2 35.5 22nd 17.4 -0.4 13.4 1st 78.2 80.6 average 97%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 26.9 -0.5 33.6 12th 15.1 -0.5 10.9 7th 106.8 96.9 average 110%
Texas Post Office 32.4 -1.3 38.3 13th 18.9 +0.3 14.7 17th 155.8 89.3 high 174%
Toowoomba Airport 28.0 -0.1 34.2 22nd 16.9 -0.7 14.1 6th 82.2 98.9 average 83%
Warwick 30.2 +0.2 36.0 14th 16.1 -0.9 12.5 18th 73.4 83.2 average 88%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 33.4 -0.2 38.1 22nd 20.4 +0.1 16.2 8th 52.6 71.4 average 74%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 33.7 +0.1 39.9 22nd 20.0 +0.4 15.3 7th 140.8 89.1 high 158%
Mitchell Post Office 34.3 +0.3 38.5 22nd     16.5 8th 283.0 81.9 v high 346%
Roma Airport 34.0 -0.2 39.5 22nd 20.3 -0.6 16.0 7th 93.2 71.6 high 130%
St George Airport 33.6 -1.2 40.1 22nd 21.3 -0.5 16.6 16th 88.4 56.6 high 156%
Surat 33.5 -0.7 38.8 23rd 21.1 +0.4 17.4 6th 104.2 71.9 high 145%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 34.2 -1.3 40.6 12th 21.6 +0.1 15.1 16th 89.4 64.2 high 139%
Charleville Aero 35.2 +0.2 40.2 12th 22.4 +0.7 17.0 4th 93.4 74.6 average 125%
Cunnamulla Post Office 35.9 -0.1 41.6 11th 22.7 +0.5 16.4 16th 53.8 47.8 average 113%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 37.8 -1.6 44.0 12th 24.4 -1.2 17.2 16th 51.4 30.9 average 166%
Thargomindah Airport 36.8 -1.7 42.8 11th 24.8 -0.6 17.4 3rd 56.8 38.4 high 148%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Frederick Reef 27.6   30.0 24th 25.4   23.0 1st
Middle Percy Island 29.3 +0.7 32.9 6th 23.8 +0.5 21.3 17th 136.4 183.3 average 74%
Willis Island 31.8 +1.1 32.8 31st 26.8 +1.1 23.6 21st 14.8 193.4 v low 8%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 February 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

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Climate

Service notice

Network problems on 8 January disrupted processing of observations, affecting some climate information. Missing data are being retrieved and will be processed into our systems over coming weeks.