Adelaide in October 2014: Very dry; warmest October days in 100 years

Both monthly mean maximum and minimum temperatures were above average across the Adelaide region during October. Particularly warm days during the latter part of the the month saw Adelaide observe five consecutive days with maximum temperatures above 32 °C, setting a new October record for consecutive days above this threshold. On average, Adelaide city will record two to three days above 30 °C during October. The warmth throughout the month resulted in the second-warmest October days on record, with a monthly mean maximum temperature of 26.0 °C; the warmest since 1914 when the October mean maximum was 26.8 °C. Several other sites across the metropolitan region had their highest highest October mean daily maximum temperature on record.

Along with the heat, October was very dry across the Adelaide metropolitan area. The Adelaide Kent Town observation site recorded 5.0 mm of rain over three days, well below Adelaide's average October rainfall of 42.8 mm. Typically, Adelaide records around ten days of rain in October. Adelaide experienced twenty-five consecutive days without any measurable rain this October, resulting in the longest run of consecutive days without rain since December 2012 - January 2013 (a twenty-seven day dry spell). It was the driest October for Adelaide since 2006, when 1.0 mm was observed. Most locations recorded less than 23% of their long-term October average rainfall.

The heaviest rainfall event occurred at the end of the month, when a trough of low pressure with embedded thunderstorms affected the city. Light showers in a southwesterly airstream followed the trough, though daily rainfall totals were less than 5.0 mm for most locations. Monthly rainfall totals were between 5.0 mm to 10.0 mm across metropolitan locations,while locations in the Adelaide Hills received totals up to and in excess of 15.0 mm. The wettest location was at Crafers West in the Adelaide Hills, with a monthly total of 17.0 mm.

  • Warmest October days in 100 years
  • Very dry, with twenty-five consecutive days of no rainfall
  • Five consecutive days above 32 °C in Adelaide

Further information

Media
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Enquiries

Extremes in October 2014
Hottest day 38.8 °C at Parafield Airport on the 21st
Warmest days on average 26.4 °C at Parafield Airport
Coolest days on average 20.6 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 10.4 °C at Mount Lofty on the 14th
Coldest night 1.8 °C at Parafield Airport on the 15th
Coolest nights on average 8.4 °C at Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)
Warmest nights on average 12.4 °C at Noarlunga
Warmest night 20.6 °C at Mount Lofty on the 22nd
Warmest on average overall 19.1 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town)
Coolest on average overall 14.9 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 17.6 mm at Crafers West
Driest overall 0 mm at Echunga
Wettest day 11.6 mm at Adelaide (Keswick) on the 27th
Strongest wind gust 109 km/h at Adelaide Airport on the 6th

Record lowest October total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Owen 1.5 2.1 in 1969 82 40.2



Record highest October temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mount Barker 35.3 on the 21st 34.9 on the 12th in 2004 58 19.4



Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mount Barker 24.4 22.5 in 2006 112 19.4
Adelaide Airport 24.5 23.6 in 2006 59 21.0
Parafield Airport 26.4 25.2 in 2006 57 21.8
Edinburgh RAAF 26.1 25.0 in 2006 41 22.1
Adelaide (Kent Town) 26.0 24.4 in 2006 37 21.9
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 22.7 21.1 in 2006 20 17.7



Record highest October mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mount Barker 16.3 15.5 in 1867 112 13.3
Adelaide Airport 17.9 17.5 in 1965 59 15.8
Parafield Airport 18.3 18.2 in 1940 57 16.0
Edinburgh RAAF 18.2 17.6 in 2006 41 16.0
Adelaide (Kent Town) 19.1 18.1 in 2006 37 16.7



Summary statistics for October 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2014
Mean for
October
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2014
Total for
October
2014
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2014
Fraction of
October
average
Adelaide (Kent Town) 26.0 +4.1 37.3 21st 12.1 +0.6 5.1 15th 5.0 42.8 v low 12%
Adelaide Airport 24.5 +3.5 37.7 21st 11.3 +0.7 5.1 15th 5.0 36.6 v low 14%
Edinburgh RAAF 26.1 +4.0 38.4 21st 10.3 +0.3 2.3 15th 5.6 37.8 v low 15%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 22.5 +4.2 34.8 21st 10.0 +1.0 5.0 14th 11.2 51.4 v low 22%
Mount Barker 24.4 +5.0 35.3 21st 8.5 +1.3 3.0 2nd 15.2 66.0 v low 23%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 22.7 +5.0 32.6 21st 8.4 +0.1 3.1 15th 5.2 46.6 v low 11%
Mount Lofty 20.6 +6.0 31.4 21st 8.9 +1.6 3.3 14th 12.0
Noarlunga 24.8 +3.9 37.4 21st 12.4 +1.0 6.0 14th 3.4 32.7 v low 10%
Parafield Airport 26.4 +4.6 38.8 21st 10.2 +0.1 1.8 15th 1.0 40.8 v low 2%

Daily maximum temperatures for October 2014
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Adelaide (Kent Town)18.519.526.531.928.729.118.920.529.432.121.721.516.716.518.019.127.932.632.832.537.332.224.433.125.528.719.721.724.628.235.2
Adelaide Airport17.218.224.531.027.629.717.618.528.030.418.418.317.117.616.617.527.031.231.032.437.726.521.529.921.729.418.720.021.827.133.9
Edinburgh RAAF18.319.526.732.829.229.918.520.329.532.320.921.417.617.018.118.128.334.134.233.638.430.524.833.124.128.719.920.824.728.137.0
Kuitpo Forest Reserve15.216.323.327.826.426.714.817.826.027.720.417.514.212.614.316.824.028.728.226.634.825.724.129.022.826.315.017.320.524.431.8
Mount Barker17.117.824.929.917.420.327.530.022.022.314.914.018.219.025.731.030.526.635.328.125.631.827.328.017.319.624.327.533.5
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)14.916.621.827.726.125.214.918.325.127.822.619.612.211.416.118.129.629.732.629.826.030.224.425.116.216.622.226.031.2
Mount Lofty13.515.420.825.124.423.912.315.523.125.620.216.310.910.412.715.422.226.725.926.031.427.723.227.521.224.112.714.818.123.328.6
Noarlunga18.118.125.030.528.628.617.619.428.630.319.619.017.117.317.418.027.031.830.330.637.430.223.630.622.629.318.119.921.727.933.8
Parafield Airport19.019.626.732.529.430.019.220.729.232.421.822.217.817.518.319.128.232.433.633.938.831.925.633.225.029.620.321.824.628.736.0
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for October 2014
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Adelaide (Kent Town)9.46.57.812.113.616.613.29.28.115.412.79.59.36.15.17.68.515.416.313.419.320.413.314.015.514.213.813.611.710.914.1
Adelaide Airport9.56.15.79.712.316.213.58.16.916.013.38.29.66.25.16.86.715.214.012.618.117.614.311.914.212.414.113.512.38.412.7
Edinburgh RAAF9.63.65.011.511.116.110.96.95.614.810.66.98.73.32.35.65.916.113.811.619.117.89.511.512.511.614.213.210.58.311.9
Kuitpo Forest Reserve6.66.66.813.510.411.78.87.58.014.810.06.95.25.05.96.96.612.618.19.612.720.211.111.511.79.310.49.610.78.512.6
Mount Barker5.23.06.010.08.94.84.011.010.85.85.54.83.05.03.911.712.29.413.614.311.611.712.49.610.69.010.08.910.2
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)5.65.15.412.19.29.87.97.28.215.68.69.74.23.93.15.75.210.011.311.612.99.38.17.88.211.6
Mount Lofty4.44.813.58.38.96.85.77.715.27.68.23.53.33.55.04.311.018.77.911.520.69.511.011.212.57.37.38.27.611.9
Noarlunga8.77.010.013.512.415.812.99.69.316.912.48.98.66.08.69.910.616.219.112.916.218.614.113.414.412.813.413.312.710.615.9
Parafield Airport8.23.25.59.89.416.212.45.24.714.79.77.48.22.51.86.08.617.513.813.819.516.711.011.412.611.214.213.79.56.911.2
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for October 2014
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Adelaide (Brighton) 0.4 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 4.8 0.2 - - -
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 0.4




0.2





0.2













0.2
-
Adelaide (Kent Town) 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.0 - 0.2 - -
Adelaide (Keswick) 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.6 0.2 - - -
Adelaide (Seaton) 1.2





























Adelaide Airport 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - 4.4 0.2 - - -
Ashton 2.2 - 0.2 - - - 0.6 - - - - - 0.2 1.4 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 4.2 2.2 0.6 - -
Ashton Co-op - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.4 - - - - - - - - - - - 3.4 2.0 0.4 - -
Athelstone (Black Hill) 0.4 - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.4 0.2 - - -
Balhannah (Killara Park) - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.4 2.2 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 6.4 0.2 0.2 - -
Beaumont 0.4 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.6 - - 0.2 -
Belair - - 0.2 - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.6 - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.2 -
Belair (St Johns) 2.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.6 0.2 - - -
Bellevue Heights 0.2 - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.0 0.2 0.2 - -
Birdwood (McVitties Hill) - - 0.2 - - - 2.2 - 0.2 - - - - 0.6 0.2 - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - 8.0 0.2 0.2 - -
Blackwood (Wittunga) 0.8




1.8





0.4










0.8 4.4 1.0 0.2

Brownhill Creek (Scotch College) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8.0 - - - -
Burnside 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.4 - 0.2 - -
Charleston 0.2 - - - - - 0.6 0.2 - - - - - 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.2 - - - -
Crafers (Mt Lofty) 1.8 - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.4 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 9.6 2.0 - - 0.2
Crafers West 2.2 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - 0.2 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.2 2.2 0.2 - -
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir)





1.4





0.8












0.4 0.4
-
Cudlee Creek (O'Deas Road) 0.2 - - - - - 0.8 - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 0.4 0.2 - -
Dry Creek (Wingfield) - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.2 - - - -
Echunga - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -








Eden Valley (Mt Adam) - 0.2 - 0.2 - - 1.6 - - - - - - 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 2.0 - - - -
Edinburgh RAAF 0.4 -
- - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.0 0.2 - - -
Felixstow (Payneham) - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.6 - - - -
Gawler - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 5.2 - - - -
Gawler Council Depot





1.0























Greenacres - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.6 0.2 - - -
Happy Valley Reservoir





0.4


















7.4
0.6

Heathfield Works Depot - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 11.2



Ironstone Road - - - - - - 3.4 - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.2 - - - -
Kangarilla (Saddlebags) 0.4 0.2 - - - - 0.4 - - - - - 0.2 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.6 1.4 0.2 - -
Kersbrook - - - - - - 1.8 - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 4.8 - 0.2 - -
Kilburn - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.8 - - - -
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 0.2 - 0.2 - - - 0.2 - - - - - 0.4 2.0 -
- - - - - - - - - 0.2 7.4 0.4 0.2 - -
Leawood Gardens (Eagle on The Hill) 0.8 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 10.0 1.0 - - -
Lenswood Research Centre 1.2 - - 1.0 - - - - - 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - 3.2 1.0 - - -
Lobethal 0.8

0.1 0.3 1.4











1.8 0.4


Lobethal 0.6 - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - 0.2 1.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.6 0.2 0.2 - -
Lobethal (Maidment Road) 0.4 - 0.2 - - - 0.6 - - - - - - 0.6 - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - 2.4 0.2 0.2 - -
Long Ridge (Greenhill) 1.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.2 0.4 0.2 - -
Mallala









1.6










5.4



McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.2 0.4 - - -
Melrose Park - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.2 - - - -
Mitchell Park (Marion) 0.6 0.2 - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.8 - - - -
Montacute 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.6 0.4 - - -
Morphettville - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 - - - -
Mount Barker 0.4 - - - 0.6 - - - - - 0.4 3.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 9.4 0.8 0.2 - -
Mount Bold Reservoir 0.4




0.4




0.4 1.0











4.8 0.2 0.8

Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) - - 0.2 - - - 1.8 - 0.2 - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - - -

- - - 0.2 2.2 - - 0.2 -
Mount Lofty
- 0.2 - - - - 0.2 - - - - 0.2 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 8.2 2.0 0.2 - -
Mt Bold (Scott Creek) 0.2 - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - 0.2 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 6.2 1.4 - - -
Mylor (Biggs Flat)






















- - 0.4 8.0 0.4 - - -
Nairne



0.2





1.6











5.0 0.4


Noarlunga - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.0 0.4 - - -
North Adelaide - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.6 0.2 - - -
Owen











1.5

















Parafield Airport - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - -
Piccadilly (Woodhouse) - - - - - - 2.8 - - - - - - 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 8.0 2.6 0.2 - -
Regency Park - - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - -
Sellicks Beach












0.6











1.5

-
Uraidla 2.8











1.4











4.8 2.4


Uraidla (Sutton Creek) 2.0 - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - 0.2 0.4 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 6.4 1.8 - - -
Verdun 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.4 1.8 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 8.0 0.4 0.2 - -
Williamstown





1.8





0.4










0.6 4.4
0.2

Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) 0.4




2.0





0.2











3.2


-
Willunga - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 - - - - - - - - - - 0.8 - - - 2.6
Woodside












1.6









1.4



Woodside (Wicks Estate) 0.4 - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - 1.4 - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - - 1.4 0.2 - - -
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Adelaide using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 7 am on Wednesday 5 November 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries