Adelaide in September 2014: Warm and dry

September was very dry across the Adelaide region, with most locations struggling to record more than 50% of their long term September average rainfall total. The Kent Town office recorded 31.4 mm (53% of the long-term September average) over 13 rain days, which is the average number of rain days for September, reflecting a lower amount of rainfall per rain day experienced through this month. This is drier than September 2013 with a total of 37.2 mm, but wetter than 2012 with only 18.2 mm recorded.

The heaviest rainfall event occurred at the start of the month, when a rain band moved over southern districts. Showers and isolated thunderstorms followed the rain band, though daily rainfall totals were generally less than 10 mm across the Adelaide region. Monthly rainfall totals were generally between 20 and 30 mm across metropolitan locations while locations in the Adelaide Hills received totals up to and in excess of 40 mm. The wettest location was at Crafers West, in the Adelaide Hills, with a monthly total of 58.0 mm

Both monthly mean maximum and minimum temperatures were above average across the region, with particularly warm days and nights during the last week of the month which saw Adelaide observe its warmest September night in 27 years with a minimum of 21.6 °C.

  • Adelaide observes its warmest September night since 1987
  • Monthly minimum and maximum temperatures warmer than average
  • Below average rainfall for most locations

Further information

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Extremes in September 2014
Hottest day 31.9 °C at Parafield Airport on the 27th
Warmest days on average 21.4 °C at Parafield Airport
Coolest days on average 14.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 9.0 °C at Mount Lofty on the 18th
Coldest night 1.9 °C at Mount Barker on the 3rd
Coolest nights on average 7.3 °C at Mount Lofty
Warmest nights on average 11.2 °C at Noarlunga
Warmest night 21.6 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town) on the 28th
21.6 °C at Noarlunga on the 28th
Warmest on average overall 15.8 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town)
Coolest on average overall 11.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 58.0 mm at Crafers West
58.0 mm at Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir)
Driest overall 1.0 mm at Belair
Wettest day 16.0 mm at Piccadilly (Woodhouse) on the 9th
Strongest wind gust 98 km/h at Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) on the 30th

Lowest September total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
September
Ashton Co-op 37.6 28.4 in 1944* 67 110.7
Adelaide (Morphett Vale) 24.0 19.5 in 1967* 27 58.0
Mount Barker 32.6 25.2 in 1987 27 85.1
Nairne 29.2 23.4 in 1987 27 75.7
Edinburgh RAAF 20.2 17.4 in 1994 20 47.0
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 32.8 21.8 in 1994 20 71.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest September daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Mount Barker 18.4 on the 28th 18.3 on the 5th in 1972 58 5.8



Summary statistics for September 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
September
2014
Mean for
September
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
September
2014
Total for
September
2014
Average
for
September
Rank of
September
2014
Fraction of
September
average
Adelaide (Kent Town) 20.9 +1.8 30.6 27th 10.8 +1.0 5.6 3rd 31.4 58.7 low 53%
Adelaide Airport 20.2 +2.0 29.3 27th 9.9 +1.0 4.1 5th 22.0 45.1 low 49%
Edinburgh RAAF 21.1 +2.1 31.8 28th 8.5 +0.4 2.3 18th 20.2 47.0 low 43%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 17.3 +1.0 26.5 27th 8.9 +0.8 4.7 2nd 32.4 70.6 v low 46%
Mount Barker 19.2 +2.7 29.2 27th 7.4 +1.6 1.9 3rd 32.6 85.1 v low 38%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 16.2 +1.0 26.0 27th 8.2 +0.8 3.5 3rd 32.8 71.2 v low 46%
Mount Lofty 14.8 +2.7 24.2 27th 7.3 +1.2 2.9 19th 51.8
Noarlunga 20.0 +1.3 28.7 27th 11.2 +0.8 5.9 3rd 26.8 46.5 low 58%
Parafield Airport 21.4 +2.5 31.9 27th 9.2 +1.0 2.3 5th 25.6 43.8 low 58%

Daily maximum temperatures for September 2014
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Adelaide (Kent Town)15.816.214.716.218.721.223.225.420.518.417.617.522.326.518.117.916.814.919.423.224.226.726.823.116.922.030.629.621.921.1
Adelaide Airport15.515.815.016.217.821.623.225.219.517.916.215.620.826.718.416.716.515.318.421.420.826.527.020.716.422.029.327.620.6
Edinburgh RAAF15.816.015.315.818.120.922.925.320.817.717.417.421.726.620.118.116.915.319.723.423.927.127.122.317.421.731.831.822.621.8
Kuitpo Forest Reserve12.913.012.412.015.218.520.422.716.613.914.914.518.319.114.614.313.612.016.418.620.323.823.719.613.719.326.525.517.415.9
Mount Barker15.314.213.912.416.919.120.723.120.017.018.515.221.420.417.017.215.113.417.920.021.625.124.322.814.720.929.227.820.6
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)11.810.910.19.813.815.817.520.715.813.213.914.418.121.513.713.913.010.314.417.717.921.421.019.313.617.826.025.918.215.7
Mount Lofty10.310.29.19.413.715.216.919.614.310.111.912.316.320.412.111.211.29.013.817.318.320.220.417.610.916.124.223.115.2
Noarlunga15.815.814.615.218.820.423.425.018.116.816.816.120.924.918.116.816.714.418.021.922.425.327.021.017.022.028.727.120.519.6
Parafield Airport16.317.015.217.219.221.523.325.720.518.118.318.521.926.819.219.017.215.619.823.624.527.227.822.617.822.231.930.722.221.8
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for September 2014
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Adelaide (Kent Town)11.36.35.69.25.76.913.017.711.711.411.96.16.08.812.711.39.65.88.711.49.69.516.714.913.911.211.821.612.011.2
Adelaide Airport11.96.74.49.54.15.210.617.211.612.312.25.24.67.912.112.911.14.95.89.36.67.613.514.313.510.611.219.310.99.5
Edinburgh RAAF11.05.73.29.13.65.27.715.29.77.811.43.62.76.99.911.86.92.37.310.97.44.911.613.212.08.19.617.59.29.1
Kuitpo Forest Reserve9.04.74.86.57.17.49.113.510.08.79.75.76.27.510.47.87.45.65.67.48.69.412.513.09.49.111.519.110.610.5
Mount Barker9.64.51.96.62.52.57.014.09.98.910.32.62.35.010.97.96.63.02.15.03.53.710.811.610.38.211.818.410.49.6
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)8.03.83.55.55.66.38.712.98.87.58.55.56.010.68.57.16.14.63.86.17.39.714.112.69.77.69.617.59.69.7
Mount Lofty6.53.03.04.74.34.99.413.07.86.67.54.55.110.17.86.85.73.92.95.37.18.513.111.68.07.08.915.88.48.6
Noarlunga11.56.75.99.36.38.110.518.412.511.512.66.28.89.813.010.49.26.68.310.710.911.617.315.312.910.812.821.613.312.4
Parafield Airport11.14.52.48.72.37.411.416.710.510.512.34.03.95.711.811.86.82.48.410.28.68.513.112.812.28.69.819.910.59.2
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for September 2014
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Adelaide (Brighton) 7.6 2.6 0.4 5.0 - - - - 2.8 1.6 0.6 - - - - 0.4 0.6 - - 0.6 - - - 0.8 - - 0.2 - - -
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 6.8 11.4 0.4 5.8 0.2


6.6 3.8 2.0



2.8 2.0 0.8 1.0



2.4
0.2 1.0

-
Adelaide (Kent Town) 6.6 5.6 0.4 4.6 - - - - 4.4 1.6 1.0 0.2 - - - 0.2 2.4 - 2.0 - - - - 1.0 - 0.6 0.2 - - -
Adelaide (Keswick) 7.4 4.8 0.2 5.0 0.2 - - - 4.0 1.4 0.6 - - - - 0.2 1.4 - 1.0 - - - - 3.8 - 0.4 - - - -
Adelaide (Morphett Vale) 8.0 7.0
5.0



4.0




















Adelaide (Salisbury Bowling Club) 9.0




























Adelaide (Seaton) 8.8 5.0
4.2











1.8





2.2





Adelaide Airport 8.2 2.8 0.4 4.2 - - - - 4.2 0.4 0.6 - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.8 - 0.2 - - - -
Ashton 8.6 8.4 0.6 7.4 0.2 - - - 8.6 5.2 3.4 0.2 - - 0.2 2.2 1.6 0.8 0.8 - - - - 2.4 - 0.6 - - - -
Ashton Co-op 7.0 6.4 0.2 7.0 - - - - 5.8 4.6 3.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.4





Athelstone (Black Hill) 7.6 8.2 0.2 5.4 - - - - 6.4 3.4 2.0 - - - - 1.2 2.0 - 1.4 - - - - 1.4 - 0.4 0.2 - - -
Balhannah (Killara Park) 5.0 6.8 1.2 5.4 0.2 - - - 7.2 5.0 1.6 - 0.2 - - 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.4 - - - - 3.0 0.4 - 0.2 - - -
Beaumont 6.6 2.4 - 5.4 0.2 - - - 5.2 2.0 1.2 0.2 - - - 1.6 3.4 0.2 1.6 - - - - 5.0 - - - - - -
Belair























- 0.4 0.6 - - -
Belair (St Johns) 8.8 3.4 0.2 5.4 - 0.2 - - 5.8 2.0 1.2 - - - 0.2 1.4 3.6 0.2 1.2 0.2 - - - 2.2 - 0.2 0.2 - - -
Bellevue Heights 6.4 4.8 0.4 5.4 0.2 - - - 5.6 1.2 0.8 - - - - 0.8 2.6 - 0.4 - - - - 1.4 - - 0.2 - - -
Birdwood (McVitties Hill) 2.8 3.0 0.6 5.4 0.2 - - - 6.2 3.6 1.2 - - 0.2 - 0.6 0.2 - 2.2 - - - - 1.8 0.2 0.2 - - - -
Blackwood (Wittunga) 14.0 0.2 6.6



6.0 4.0 1.4


0.4 1.0 3.8
0.8



1.8
0.4



Brownhill Creek (Scotch College) 6.8 3.4 0.2 5.4 - - - - 5.2 1.2 1.6 - - - 0.4 1.8 4.0 - 2.2 0.2 - - - 2.2 - - - - - -
Burnside 6.8 4.6 - 5.0 - - - - 5.2 1.8 1.6 - - - - 1.6 2.4 - 0.4 - - - - 3.6 - - 0.2 - - -
Charleston 4.6 5.0 0.6 6.0 0.2 - - - 6.8 5.2 0.8 - - - 0.2 1.4 - 0.2 - - - - - 0.8 1.0 - - - - -
Crafers (Mt Lofty) 9.8 8.0 0.4 6.6 - 0.2 - - 8.4 5.4 3.2 - 0.2 - 1.0 3.2 1.2 -





0.4 1.0 0.2 - - -
Crafers West 11.6 10.0 0.4 6.4 - - - - 8.8 5.6 3.8 - - - 1.6 3.8 0.8 0.2 2.2 - - - - 1.8 0.4 0.6 - - - -
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 5.0 11.6 0.4 6.0 0.4


8.6 7.4 2.2 0.2


1.8 2.8 0.4 0.4



10.6 0.2



-
Cudlee Creek (O'Deas Road) 5.8 6.4 0.4 6.4 - - - - 8.2 6.6 1.8 0.2 - - - 1.6 0.8 0.2 2.0 0.2 - - - 1.6 0.4 0.2 - - - -
Dry Creek (Wingfield) 7.4 1.8 - 3.0 - - - - 3.4 0.8 0.4 0.2 - - - - 2.0 0.6 - - - - - 0.8 0.2 - - - - -
Echunga 5.4 2.2 0.2 5.2 0.2 0.4 - - 9.8 2.6 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Eden Valley (Mt Adam) 3.8 5.0 0.4 3.6 0.2 0.2 - - 3.0 5.8 2.0 0.2 - - 0.2 1.0 1.4 0.2 0.8 - - - - 1.2 - - - - - -
Edinburgh RAAF 6.8 1.6 - 3.2 - - - - 6.2 0.6 0.6 - - - - - 0.2 - 0.6 - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - -
Felixstow (Payneham) 6.0 5.6 - 4.6 0.2 - - - 3.6 1.4 1.0 0.2 - 0.2 - 0.6 1.4 0.2 - - - - - 0.8 - 0.8 0.2 - - -
Gawler 5.6 1.6 1.8 2.4 0.8 - - - 2.6 1.2 0.2 - - - - 0.4 - 0.2 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - -
Gawler Council Depot 7.0 1.8
4.4 1.0


3.2 1.6 1.0


















Greenacres 7.4 9.2 0.2 4.4 - - - - 4.0 2.4 1.4 - 0.2 - - 0.2 3.4 - 0.6 - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - -
Happy Valley Reservoir 7.0 3.8 0.4 6.0



4.2 1.4 0.8



1.2 0.8 0.8 3.6



1.0

0.2


Heathfield Works Depot 9.2 4.2 - 7.8 - - - - 9.0 14.2 3.4 - 1.0 3.2 - 0.8 - - - - - 3.2 0.4




Ironstone Road 5.6 7.2 0.4 5.6 - 0.2 - - 5.6 4.2 1.8 - 0.2 - 0.2 0.8 1.8 0.2 0.8 0.2 - - - 1.2 - - - - - -
Kangarilla (Saddlebags) 7.0 1.6 0.4 4.6 - 0.2 - - 7.0 2.6 1.8 - - 0.2 0.2 2.4 1.4 0.4 0.4 - - - - 0.6 0.4 0.2 - - - -
Kersbrook 4.6 9.2 - 6.0 0.2 0.2 - - 6.2 5.0 2.4 - - - 0.2 1.0 3.4 0.4 - - - - - 3.6 - - - - - -
Kilburn 7.2 4.8 0.2 4.4 - - - - 4.0 0.8 0.6 - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - 2.6 - 0.2 0.2 - - -
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 7.4 2.0 0.4 5.6 - - - - 6.2 2.2 2.2 - - - - 2.2
0.2 0.4 - - - - 1.2 0.6 1.4 0.2 - - 0.2
Leawood Gardens (Eagle on The Hill) 11.4 5.4 0.2 6.0 - - - - 7.2 3.4 3.4 0.2 - - 1.2 3.0 2.6 0.8 1.6 - - - - 7.2 - 0.6 0.6 - - -
Lenswood Research Centre 6.0 5.4 - 9.0 - - - - 19.8 - 0.4 3.4 1.6 - - - - - - 4.6 0.4 0.2



Lobethal 6.2 7.2 8.4 8.2 6.2 1.5 0.5 2.3 0.1





3.2




Lobethal 5.8 6.8 0.6 7.8 - 0.2 - - 8.6 6.4 1.6 - - - 0.6 2.4 - - - 0.2 - - - 2.6 0.4 - - - - -
Lobethal (Maidment Road) 6.0 5.6 1.2 6.6 0.2 0.4 - - 8.8 7.2 1.8 0.4 - - - 1.4 0.4 - 1.8 - - - - 0.6 0.4 0.2 - - - -
Long Ridge (Greenhill) 6.2 4.0 - 5.4 - - - - 4.2 2.6 2.0 - - - - 3.4 2.8 1.0 1.4 - - - - 1.8 - 0.2 0.2 - - -
Mallala 7.0 2.0
1.6



4.0 2.4



















McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 7.6 1.2 - 5.2 - - - - 5.8 0.6 1.8 - - - - 0.6 0.6 0.2 2.6 - - - - 0.2 - 1.4



Melrose Park 7.2 2.4 0.4 6.2 - - - - 3.8 1.0 0.6 0.2 - - - 0.8 0.8 - 0.2 - - - - 1.4 - - 0.2 - - -
Mitchell Park (Marion) 6.6 1.8 - 5.0 - - - - 4.2 1.4 0.2 - - - - 0.8 0.2 0.2 1.6 - - - - 2.2 - - - - - -
Montacute 8.0 8.4 - 6.0 - - - - 5.8 3.6 2.0 0.2 - - - 3.8 3.2 0.8 - 0.2 - - - 0.2 - 0.6 - - - -
Morphettville 6.0 1.8 - 4.8 - - - - 4.2 0.6 0.2 - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - 0.4 - - 0.2 - - -
Mount Barker 3.8 1.6 1.0 7.4 0.2 - - - 8.0 3.2 1.2 - - - - 1.2 - 0.8 - - - - - 3.2 0.8 0.2 - - - -
Mount Bold Reservoir 7.0 2.0 0.2 4.6 0.2


6.8 3.4 1.6


0.4 2.0 0.2 1.2 0.2



2.0 0.2 0.2



Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 5.4 6.4 0.4 5.0 0.4 - - - 4.0 4.6 2.0 - 0.2 - - 1.2 1.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 - - - 0.8 0.2 - - - - -
Mount Lofty 9.4 7.4 0.8 6.4 0.2 0.2 - - 7.6 5.4 2.8 0.2 - - 1.2 2.8 1.0 - 3.8 - - - - 1.0 0.2 1.2 - - - 0.2
Mt Bold (Scott Creek) 7.6 1.8 0.2 4.6 0.2 - - - 5.4 2.8 1.8 - 0.2 - 0.2 2.6 0.4 - 0.2 - - - - 1.2 0.2 0.4 - - - -
Nairne 3.8 2.2
9.4



6.0 2.0 1.0



1.6
0.6




1.8 0.8




Noarlunga 6.6 6.8 0.6 5.2 - - - - 3.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 - - - 1.6 0.2 - 1.4 0.2 - - - - - - - - - -
North Adelaide 6.4 6.0 0.4 4.6 - - - - 4.8 1.0 0.8 - - - - 1.0 1.0 - 2.4 - - - - 2.0 - 0.6



Owen 7.2 2.5






5.0



















Parafield Airport 8.0 2.8 - 4.4 - 0.2 - - 5.2 1.2 1.2 - 0.2 - - 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.2 - - - - - 0.4 - - - -
Piccadilly (Woodhouse) 10.0 8.0 0.4 - - - - - 16.0 - 11.0 - - 0.2 1.0 2.8 - - - - - - - - - 4.6



Regency Park 7.4 6.8 - 4.8 - - - - 3.4 0.8 0.2 0.2 - - - - 1.8 - 0.4 - - - - 6.0 - 0.8 - - - -
Sellicks Beach 7.8 2.6 2.2 6.2



5.0
1.2






1.4



0.8





Uraidla 9.4 8.0 1.0 8.9



6.8 5.2 4.0



3.4 1.8





3.4
1.0



Uraidla (Sutton Creek) 7.2 5.4 1.4 9.0 - 0.2 - - 7.0 4.6 1.6 - - - 0.6 2.2 0.6 - - - - - - 4.2 0.2 0.2 - - - -
Verdun 6.4 7.0 0.4 5.6 0.2 - - - 8.0 6.4 1.6 - - - 0.2 2.8 0.2 0.8 - 0.2 - - - 2.4 0.4 - - - - -
Williamstown 6.0 6.4 0.2 4.2 0.2


4.6 6.0 2.6


0.4 1.4 1.8
7.4



1.0





Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) 4.2 7.4 0.4 3.6 0.2


4.2 3.6 1.8 0.2

0.4 1.2 1.6 0.6 1.6



1.2




-
Willunga 8.2 2.6 0.2 6.2 - - - - 6.2 1.8 1.2 - - - - 1.0 - - 1.4 - - - - - - 0.4 - - - 0.4
Woodside 3.8 4.4
7.4



7.2 6.0 0.6



1.6 0.2





3.0 0.6




Woodside (Wicks Estate) 3.4 3.2 0.4 6.6 0.2 - - - 6.8 7.0 0.8 - - - - 1.6 0.2 0.4 - - - - - 4.0 0.4 - 0.2 - - -
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Adelaide using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Wednesday 1 October 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries