South Australia in November 2013: Dry with cool nights

  • Rainfall tended below average across large parts of the state
  • Day temperatures mostly near average
  • Night time temperature cooler than average and coolest since 2001

Rainfall

November rainfall was generally below average across much of the state, apart from western and coastal areas where rainfall tended average to above average, including some sites which had their highest total November rainfall for at least 20 years. Most eastern districts saw very-much-below-average rainfall and some sites had their lowest total November rainfall on record


Pastoral Districts
Rainfall totals for November as a whole were generally well below average, with most locations struggling to record any more than 5 mm. Ernabella was the wettest location across the pastoral districts, with a total of 8.4 mm.

Agricultural Districts
Rainfall totals in the agricultural districts were widely below average at most locations, with totals generally between 20 and 30 mm, though higher totals in excess of 30 mm were observed at some locations in the southeast. The wettest location overall in the agricultural districts was Parawa, in the southern part of the Mount Lofty Ranges, with 51.6 mm.

Temperature

The mean temperature (the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures) for South Australia as a whole in November 2013 was 0.1 C warmer than average, while large parts of eastern and southern coastal areas tended cooler than average and some sites had their lowest November mean temperature for at least 20 years.

Maximum temperature

November maximum temperatures were mostly near average across South Australia, with coastal locations observing cooler than usual days. Average maximum temperatures ranged from 18.0C at Parawa, in the southern part of the Mount Lofty Ranges, to 34.6C at Marla Police Station, in the northwest of the state. The hottest November day was on the 28th, with 43.9 C at Moomba Airport. The coldest day in was 10.6C recorded at Mount Lofty on the 8th.

Minimum temperature

Minimum temperatures through November were the coolest since 2001, with a state-wide average 0.4 C below normal. Some sites had their lowest November temperature on record while other sites had their lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years.

November average minimum temperatures ranged from 6 C at Keith to 18.4C at Marla Police Station. The lowest recorded minimum temperature through November was 2.4 C at Keith, in the Upper South East, on the 10th; with the warmest night being 26.3 C at Oodnadatta on 28 November.

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Extremes in November 2013
Hottest day 43.9 C at Moomba Airport on the 28th
Warmest days on average 34.6 C at Marla Police Station
Coolest days on average 18.0 C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)
Coldest day 10.6 C at Mount Lofty on the 8th
Coldest night -2.4 C at Keith (Munkora) on the 10th
Coolest nights on average 6.0 C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 18.4 C at Marla Police Station
Warmest night 26.3 C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 28th
Warmest on average overall 26.3 C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.5 C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 51.6 mm at Parawa (Sharon)
Driest overall 0 mm at Andamooka
0 mm at Arkaroola
0 mm at Gammon Ranges (Arcoona Bluff)
0 mm at Leigh Creek (North Moolooloo)
0 mm at Leigh Creek (Pfitzners Well)
0 mm at Leigh Creek Airport
0 mm at Marree Aero
0 mm at Marree Comparison
0 mm at Moomba Airport
0 mm at Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)
0 mm at Woomera Aerodrome
Wettest day 29.6 mm at Nullarbor on the 8th
Highest wind gust 87 km/h at Coober Pedy Airport on the 19th

Maps

Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Highest total November rainfall for at least 20 years

Total rainfall
for November 2013 (mm)
Most recent November
at least this wet
Years since
wetter
Average for
November
Nullarbor 46.6 76.8 in 1992 21 17.1



Record lowest total November rainfall

Total rainfall
for November 2013 (mm)
Previous driest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Marree Comparison 0.0 = 0.0 in 1990 129 11.9
Arkaroola 0.0 = 0.0 in 1990 75 17.6
Woomera Aerodrome 0.0 = 0.0 in 1982 65 16.8
Stockport (Clifton) 0.2 0.3 in 1967 52 30.9
Andamooka 0.0 = 0.0 in 1982 49 14.3
Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) 4.6 5.6 in 1982 46 37.9
Leigh Creek Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 1988 28 18.3
Morgan (Brenda Park Station) 1.4 2.2 in 1996 24 25.1

Lowest total November rainfall for at least 20 years

Total rainfall
for November 2013 (mm)
Most recent November
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
November
Marrabel 3.6 2.0 in 1922* 90 33.7
Wirrabara Forest 2.4 2.1 in 1951* 61 42.0
Riverton 2.2 1.3 in 1967 46 34.1
Tarlee 2.4 1.3 in 1967 46 31.2
Truro 2.3 0.0 in 1967 46 31.2
Coonalpyn 3.4 1.8 in 1967* 45 29.2
Parrakie 2.8 1.3 in 1967* 45 26.1
Williamstown 5.0 0.0 in 1967* 45 37.2
Angaston 1.8 0.0 in 1967* 41 33.5
Mintaro 7.2 1.8 in 1967* 34 35.0
Blanchetown Lock 1 3.0 0.0 in 1982 31 25.1
Booborowie 1.7 0.0 in 1982 31 29.7
Brinkworth (Bungaree) 8.2 0.6 in 1982 31 34.3
Burra Community School 3.4 0.2 in 1982 31 27.1
Caltowie 4.6 2.0 in 1982 31 33.5
Crystal Brook 1.4 0.8 in 1982 31 26.3
Eudunda 4.4 1.6 in 1982 31 29.8
Farrell Flat 6.2 1.0 in 1982 31 27.7
Karoonda 3.2 2.4 in 1982 31 23.7
Keith 4.0 3.2 in 1982 31 31.4
Koolunga 2.6 0.4 in 1982 31 25.2
Melrose 2.0 1.6 in 1982 31 36.5
Nildottie 3.2 0.0 in 1982 31 21.7
Oodla Wirra 0.2 0.0 in 1982 31 25.6
Orroroo (Black Rock) 1.2 0.4 in 1982 31 25.1
Point Pass 2.8 0.0 in 1982 31 28.5
Robertstown 2.0 0.4 in 1982 31 23.6
Spalding 3.2 0.6 in 1982 31 29.9
Swan Reach 1.6 0.0 in 1982 31 19.1
Yacka 4.4 0.0 in 1982 31 26.4
Yongala 1.8 0.6 in 1982 31 27.8
Alawoona 3.0 0.0 in 1982* 30 21.5
Appila 4.2 2.5 in 1982* 30 28.2
Booleroo Centre 4.4 0.6 in 1982* 30 28.3
Gladstone 4.6 3.4 in 1982* 30 29.5
Jamestown 4.0 2.6 in 1982* 30 33.6
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 4.9 2.4 in 1982* 30 28.2
Sedan (Sandleton) 1.2 0.0 in 1982* 30 18.8
Whyte Yarcowie 1.6 0.0 in 1982* 30 24.7
Brinkworth 5.6 0.0 in 1982* 29 26.4
Georgetown 4.4 1.8 in 1982* 29 31.0
Hallett 3.0 1.2 in 1982* 29 30.2
Adelaide (Brighton) 7.4 5.4 in 1943* 27 30.5
Owen 2.0 0.5 in 1982* 27 28.2
Freeling 4.4 4.2 in 1987 26 31.4
Kapunda 4.2 2.4 in 1987 26 30.8
Hamley Bridge 4.2 2.8 in 1987* 25 27.6
Manoora 3.4 3.0 in 1987* 25 31.3
Roseworthy 6.4 1.4 in 1987* 25 28.0
Sutherlands 1.6 0.0 in 1982* 25 21.5
Blyth 5.2 3.4 in 1987* 24 26.8
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 2.6 0.8 in 1990 23 24.2
Caliph 4.0 3.8 in 1990 23 24.1
Erudina 0.6 0.0 in 1990 23 17.5
Laura 10.3 8.6 in 1990 23 30.9
Quorn 2.4 1.0 in 1990 23 24.3
Redhill 5.6 4.2 in 1990 23 26.4
Wilmington 2.2 =2.2 in 1990 23 28.6
Balaklava 5.2 0.0 in 1990* 22 24.2
Iron Knob 1.4 0.0 in 1990* 22 16.8
Port Broughton 2.4 1.4 in 1990* 22 21.6
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 3.2 0.0 in 1990* 22 21.1
Wirrabara 4.6 =4.6 in 1990* 22 32.2
Bute 3.0 0.0 in 1990* 21 24.1
Wilpena Pound 1.2 0.8 in 1990* 21 23.0
Bruce 1.4 1.2 in 1993 20 21.5
Gawler Council Depot 4.0 =4.0 in 1990* 20 27.8
Port Germein 6.0 3.4 in 1993 20 23.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest November temperature

Lowest temperature
in November 2013 (C)
Previous coolest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Arkaroola 6.6 on the 1st = 6.6 on the 4th in 2003 36 15.5



Lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

Mean daily minimum
temperature
for November 2013 (C)
Most recent November
at least this cool
Years since
cooler
Average for
November
Robe Comparison 10.7 10.3 in 1977 36 11.4
Meningie 9.6 9.5 in 1986 27 11.3
Adelaide Airport 12.1 11.5 in 1992 21 12.8
Marree Comparison 15.2 14.7 in 1992 21 16.9
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 9.5 9.0 in 1993 20 10.8



Lowest November mean temperature for at least 20 years

Mean daily
temperature
for November 2013 (C)
Most recent November
at least this cool
Years since
cooler
Average for
November
Robe Comparison 14.8 =14.8 in 1977 36 15.5
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.7 14.5 in 1993 20 16.1



Summary statistics for November 2013

Maximum temperatures
for November
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for November
(C)
Rainfall
for November
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2013
Mean for
November
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2013
Total for
November
2013
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2013
Fraction of
November
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 31.5 -0.3 40.0 27th 15.8 -1.3 11.8 10th 0 14.3 lowest 0%
Coober Pedy Airport 32.1 40.8 27th 17.0 11.4 9th 1.4 12.8 v low 11%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 32.7 39.4 7th 16.5 12.0 12th 8.4


Marla Police Station 34.6 +1.6 40.7 27th 18.4 +0.7 12.5 2nd 1.0 23.0 v low 4%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 31.9 41.0 27th 14.1 7.2 5th 0


Tarcoola Aero 31.4 41.9 27th 14.9 8.4 9th 3.6


Woomera Aerodrome 30.3 +0.5 40.8 27th 15.0 -0.4 10.2 10th 0 16.8 lowest 0%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 29.9 -0.2 39.2 28th 13.2 -2.3 6.6 1st 0 17.6 lowest 0%
Leigh Creek Airport 31.3 +0.6 39.9 27th 14.9 -1.3 10.4 10th 0 18.3 lowest 0%
Marree Aero 33.5 42.8 28th 15.6 9.5 11th 0


Marree Comparison 34.4 +1.1 43.0 28th 15.2 -1.7 9.4 11th 0 11.9 lowest 0%
Moomba Airport 34.3 43.9 28th 17.6 10.7 12th 0


Oodnadatta Airport 34.3 +0.6 42.0 7th 18.2 -0.4 10.6 12th 0.4 12.8 low 3%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.9 -0.1 38.7 2nd 12.1 -0.2 6.0 12th 19.8 19.4 average 102%
Cleve 23.9 -1.0 37.0 27th 12.7 +0.5 7.7 9th 26.6 27.2 average 98%
Cleve Aerodrome 24.9 37.6 27th 11.4 7.1 10th 26.6 20.9 high 127%
Cummins Aero 25.3 39.4 6th 10.1 2.3 22nd 19.4


Elliston 23.8 +0.3 37.5 6th 12.3 -0.8 5.6 4th 11.7 19.5 average 60%
Kimba 26.9 -0.2 38.4 27th 10.9 -1.1 5.5 9th 10.2 23.2 low 44%
Kyancutta 28.9 +0.3 39.4 26th 10.0 -0.8 3.9 12th 14.4 21.1 average 68%
Minnipa Pirsa 28.1 39.1 26th 11.4 5.0 10th 18.2


Neptune Island 19.0 -0.2 24.1 6th 13.5 -0.1 10.6 10th 16.4 18.5 average 89%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 22.3 -0.7 38.6 6th 12.3 +0.2 7.6 18th 35.8 18.2 v high 197%
Nullarbor 25.4 -0.6 39.8 30th 13.4 +1.0 8.6 13th 46.6 17.1 v high 273%
Port Augusta Aero 29.7 42.6 27th 13.4 8.5 5th 2.8


Streaky Bay 26.0 +0.4 35.9 6th 13.0 -0.3 9.0 10th 14.0 18.7 average 75%
Whyalla Aero 26.4 -0.2 41.5 27th 13.5 -0.5 8.5 5th 5.0 20.6 low 24%
Wudinna Aero 28.7 39.8 6th 10.2 2.8 12th 16.2


Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 29.2 -0.1 39.0 27th 12.0 -1.6 6.0 9th 1.2 23.0 low 5%
Yongala 26.1 +0.3 37.3 27th 7.3 -1.9 1.2 9th 1.8 27.8 v low 6%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 27.9 40.7 27th 9.5 4.0 14th 6.6


Yunta Airstrip 28.1 38.8 27th 10.6 4.8 5th 3.8


Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 24.6 36.6 27th 9.2 2.3 22nd 9.2 37.1 v low 25%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 28.1 39.9 27th 10.7 4.1 10th 2.4


Snowtown (Rayville Park) 27.3 40.4 27th 8.1 2.1 14th 5.2


Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 20.8 -1.7 34.2 6th 12.8 -0.5 7.9 1st 18.0 18.2 average 99%
Kadina AWS 27.1 37.2 27th 8.9 2.6 10th 3.2


Maitland 24.4 -0.4 35.5 26th 11.9 -0.3 6.8 10th 8.0 27.8 low 29%
Minlaton Aero 24.1 35.8 6th 10.1 4.8 22nd 12.8


Stenhouse Bay 20.6 35.1 6th 13.0 10.9 9th 21.4


Warooka 22.7 -0.8 34.6 27th 12.2 +0.2 7.4 22nd 20.6 22.5 average 92%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.8 28.7 26th 10.3 6.2 4th 21.4


Cape Willoughby 18.3 -0.9 28.2 6th 13.2 +0.2 10.9 10th 18.2 28.2 average 65%
Kingscote Aero 21.5 33.7 27th 9.3 4.4 1st 32.6 23.0 high 142%
Parndana Cfs AWS 19.5 30.9 27th 9.1 5.2 9th 47.0


Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 25.1 -0.1 37.0 27th 13.1 -1.0 8.4 14th 5.4 30.2 v low 18%
Adelaide Airport 24.2 +0.3 34.9 27th 12.1 -0.7 6.5 14th 4.8 24.8 v low 19%
Edinburgh RAAF 26.0 +0.2 38.5 27th 11.8 -1.1 5.3 14th 5.4 24.1 low 22%
Parafield Airport 26.4 +1.1 38.0 27th 11.6 -1.2 3.6 14th 5.2 26.3 v low 20%
Roseworthy AWS 27.1 40.3 27th 8.7 1.9 22nd 4.2


County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 24.6 37.8 27th 9.2 1.4 22nd 3.6


Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 26.2 +0.4 39.8 27th 9.9 -1.3 1.8 14th 4.9 28.2 low 17%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 21.9 36.0 27th 11.9 7.7 1st 25.2


Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.2 32.4 27th 10.1 6.0 9th 17.2


Mount Barker 21.6 -1.0 35.0 27th 8.8 -0.1 4.9 1st 25.6 39.7 average 64%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 21.7 34.4 27th 9.1 4.5 4th 7.6 32.3 v low 24%
Mount Lofty 18.8 30.4 27th 8.1 3.8 4th 24.0


Noarlunga 23.5 34.8 26th 12.7 7.6 9th 8.8


Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.0 30.3 26th 10.3 7.2 9th 47.2 44.8 average 105%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.1 34.9 27th 11.0 4.1 1st 31.4


Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 26.9 -0.7 39.1 27th 9.3 -2.0 5.4 1st 5.0 21.2 v low 24%
Renmark Aero 27.8 41.3 27th 9.6 4.2 1st 5.2


Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 25.0 +0.5 37.2 27th 9.5 -0.9 3.8 4th 4.4 29.8 v low 15%
Meningie 22.8 -0.2 36.0 27th 9.6 -1.7 5.0 4th 10.2 27.4 low 37%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 24.9 39.5 27th 8.7 2.5 1st 9.0


Murray Bridge Comparison 25.2 -0.5 39.4 27th 10.4 -1.0 6.0 4th 11.0 25.2 low 44%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.6 36.5 27th 10.4 5.7 25th 27.2


Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 26.0 40.9 27th 9.5 5.0 10th 3.2 23.7 v low 14%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 24.6 -0.4 38.2 27th 8.3 -1.7 3.0 25th 4.0 31.4 v low 13%
Keith (Munkora) 25.4 40.5 27th 6.0 -2.4 10th 6.2


Lameroo (Austin Plains) 26.0 39.7 27th 7.8 1.1 10th 7.0


Lameroo Comparison 25.4 -0.8 38.6 27th 9.4 -0.7 3.5 10th 8.0 26.9 low 30%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.9 -1.5 32.5 27th 9.5 -1.3 3.7 25th 23.2 26.7 average 87%
Coonawarra 20.9 -1.7 34.7 27th 7.7 -1.1 2.5 5th 24.0 35.3 average 68%
Mount Gambier Aero 19.6 -0.8 33.5 27th 8.2 -0.2 3.3 10th 47.6 46.8 average 102%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 22.6 36.7 27th 6.8 1.0 25th 17.2


Padthaway South 22.3 36.4 27th 7.3 0.5 10th 12.0


Robe Airfield 19.5 33.4 27th 9.2 3.1 25th 22.2


Robe Comparison 18.8 -0.7 31.5 6th 10.7 -0.7 6.2 25th 21.2 30.3 average 70%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Sunday 1 December 2013. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries