South Australia in October 2015: Dry with above average temperatures

In South Australia, most of the State saw below-average rainfall for October. Rainfall was very much below average across much of the agricultural districts, with the several locations in the lower southeast reporting their driest October on record. Along with the dry conditions, both maximum and minimum temperatures were very much above average to highest on record across the entire State.

  • Very much below average rain across the state
  • Warmest days and nights on record for the State
  • Early season temperature records
  • Highest mean temperature anomaly for any month
  • Highest mean maximum temperature anomaly for any month

October rainfall was very much below average for South Australia as a whole, with most parts of the State recording less than 20% of the long-term October average. High pressure dominated the weather, resulting in a lack of rain bearing fronts reaching the State. The lack of rain saw this October rank as the 7th driest on record, persisting September's drier than average conditions across southern districts. Several stations in the southeast reported their lowest total October rainfall on record.

Both the statewide mean maximum and mean minimum temperatures were warmer than average across much of the State, which resulted in the warmest October on record. The month started with a high pressure ridge slowly tracking across southeast Australia as a pre-frontal trough approached South Australia from the west, resulting in a northwesterly airstream being directed across southern districts. By October 3, temperature anomalies in excess of +12 °C extended across large areas of South Australia with many stations recording early season temperature records. As the warm days and nights persisted during the month, many stations reported their warmest October on record. The statewide mean maximum temperature, mean minimum temperature anomalies were all more than 1 °C above their previous records set in 2014 and 1940 respectively.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in October 2015
Hottest day 41.0 °C at Nullarbor on the 14th
Warmest days on average 36.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 19.3 °C at Neptune Island
Coldest day 12.5 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on the 7th
Coldest night -0.9 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on the 8th
Coolest nights on average 8.1 °C at Kingscote Aero
8.1 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average 19.5 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Warmest night 28.4 °C at Moomba Airport on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 28.1 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 15.1 °C at Parndana Cfs AWS
Wettest overall 33.2 mm at Ashton
Wettest day 24.0 mm at Uraidla on the 21st
Strongest wind gust 85 km/h at Renmark Aero on the 20th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest October total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Penola Post Office 1.5 4.6 in 1963 154 56.2
Mount Gambier Aero 3.6 12.2 in 1969 74 60.6
Mount Schank (Jethia) 4.4 17.4 in 2006 46 58.7
Coonawarra 0.8 6.7 in 1991 31 44.4
Goolwa Barrage 3.4 3.8 in 2006 29 34.5

Lowest October total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Mount Hope (Fairview) 1.2 0.0 in 1927 27.7
Lucindale (Greenvale) 3.0 2.8 in 1969 38.7
Meningie 1.8 0.8 in 1991 38.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest October temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Edithburgh 37.4 on the 5th 36.8 on the 12th in 2004 24 20.3



Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mount Barker 25.5 24.4 in 2014 113 19.4
Streaky Bay 27.3 26.5 in 2014 88 22.9
Yongala 28.5 26.8 in 2014 87 21.8
Kyancutta 31.0 30.1 in 2014 85 25.3
Ceduna AMO 27.6 27.5 in 2014 74 23.9
Mount Gambier Aero 23.7 21.1 in 2014 73 17.9
Woomera Aerodrome 33.1 31.0 in 2014 66 26.3
Oodnadatta Airport 36.7 34.3 in 1967 65 30.4
Keith 28.3 25.6 in 2014 61 21.6
Adelaide Airport 25.4 24.5 in 2014 60 21.0
Parafield Airport 27.7 26.4 in 2014 58 21.9
Warooka 24.4 = 24.4 in 1965 55 20.7
Neptune Island 19.3 19.0 in 2014 53 17.5
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 28.1 27.0 in 2014 53 22.0
Eudunda 27.1 25.6 in 2014 50 20.7
Meningie 24.9 24.5 in 2014 49 20.6
Kimba 29.7 28.6 in 2014 47 23.9
Andamooka 34.3 31.9 in 2014 45 28.2
Edinburgh RAAF 27.6 26.4 in 2014 42 22.2
Hawker 32.2 30.4 in 2014 42 25.8
Adelaide (Kent Town) 27.1 26.0 in 2014 38 22.0
Maitland 26.4 25.9 in 2014 34 21.5
Leigh Creek Airport 33.7 31.4 in 2014 31 26.9
Loxton Research Centre 30.3 28.0 in 2014 31 24.2
Coonawarra 24.9 22.7 in 2014 30 19.4
Whyalla Aero 27.9 27.4 in 1988 30 23.9
Nullarbor 27.7 27.3 in 2014 27 24.5
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 22.2 20.7 in 2014 23 18.5
Coulta (Coles Point) 24.6 23.7 in 2014 23 21.1
Edithburgh 23.3 23.2 in 2014 23 20.3
Clare High School 26.8 25.7 in 2014 21 20.8
Coober Pedy Airport 34.5 32.4 in 2014 21 28.6
Kingscote Aero 23.0 = 23.0 in 2014 21 20.1
Mount Crawford AWS 23.6 22.3 in 2014 21 17.9
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 20.7 20.0 in 2014 21 16.7
Moomba Airport 36.1 33.8 in 2014 20 30.6
Renmark Aero 31.1 29.0 in 2014 20 25.2

Highest October mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
October
Arkaroola 32.4 32.5 in 1988 26.7



Record highest October daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Eudunda 22.4 on the 6th 21.8 on the 13th in 1977 51 8.0
Leigh Creek Airport 25.8 on the 20th 25.3 on the 9th in 1999 32 12.5
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 16.9 on the 20th = 16.9 on the 12th in 2006 24 9.2
Moomba Airport 28.4 on the 30th = 28.4 on the 27th in 2014 21 15.7
Nuriootpa Viticultural 20.2 on the 20th = 20.2 on the 20th in 2011 20 8.1



Record highest October mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mount Barker 10.3 9.9 in 1867 115 7.2
Streaky Bay 13.3 13.0 in 2008 88 11.4
Yongala 9.9 9.1 in 1940 86 6.1
Kyancutta 10.8 10.6 in 1965 85 8.3
Cleve 12.9 12.0 in 1965 75 10.2
Ceduna AMO 12.5 12.4 in 1965 74 9.9
Woomera Aerodrome 16.8 14.6 in 2014 66 12.4
Oodnadatta Airport 19.5 17.2 in 1969 65 15.1
Adelaide Airport 13.0 12.5 in 2011 60 10.6
Keith 10.0 9.5 in 1975 60 8.2
Parafield Airport 12.8 12.0 in 1940 58 10.1
Warooka 12.1 12.0 in 1965 54 10.1
Elliston 12.7 = 12.7 in 2011 53 11.1
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 11.4 10.0 in 1965 53 8.3
Eudunda 11.7 10.0 in 1965 50 8.0
Cape Willoughby 13.1 12.7 in 2004 48 11.5
Kimba 11.9 10.6 in 1999 47 9.1
Andamooka 17.6 15.7 in 1977 45 13.5
Edinburgh RAAF 12.8 11.7 in 2011 42 10.0
Hawker 13.5 11.9 in 1999 42 9.8
Adelaide (Kent Town) 14.0 13.0 in 2011 38 11.5
Maitland 11.7 11.5 in 2008 35 10.0
Leigh Creek Airport 16.5 14.0 in 2014 31 12.5
Loxton Research Centre 10.8 10.2 in 1999 31 8.4
Coonawarra 9.1 8.7 in 1991 30 7.2
Whyalla Aero 13.6 12.0 in 2008 30 10.6
Nullarbor 13.0 12.1 in 2011 28 10.3
Edithburgh 12.3 12.1 in 2011 23 10.8
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 11.2 11.0 in 2011 23 9.5
Clare High School 10.6 9.7 in 2011 21 7.8
Coober Pedy Airport 18.2 16.0 in 2014 21 14.0
Mount Crawford AWS 11.5 10.8 in 1999 21 8.3
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 10.7 9.9 in 2008 21 8.9
Moomba Airport 19.2 17.7 in 2006 20 15.7
Renmark Aero 11.7 10.7 in 1999 20 8.8

Highest October mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
October
Mount Gambier Aero 8.7 8.9 in 1975 7.1



Record highest October mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Mount Barker 17.7 16.5 in 2014 113 13.3
Streaky Bay 20.2 19.6 in 2014 88 17.2
Yongala 19.3 17.7 in 1940 86 14.0
Kyancutta 20.9 19.9 in 2014 85 16.8
Cleve 19.6 = 19.6 in 1988 75 16.3
Ceduna AMO 20.2 19.4 in 2008 74 16.9
Mount Gambier Aero 16.2 14.6 in 2014 73 12.5
Woomera Aerodrome 25.0 22.8 in 2014 66 19.3
Oodnadatta Airport 28.1 25.7 in 1967 65 22.8
Adelaide Airport 19.2 17.9 in 2014 60 15.8
Keith 19.1 17.4 in 2014 60 14.9
Parafield Airport 20.2 18.3 in 2014 58 16.0
Warooka 18.3 18.2 in 1965 54 15.4
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 19.7 17.8 in 2014 53 15.1
Neptune Island 16.4 16.3 in 2014 52 14.9
Eudunda 19.3 17.2 in 2014 50 14.4
Meningie 17.8 = 17.8 in 2014 49 15.1
Cape Willoughby 16.6 16.4 in 2014 48 14.5
Kimba 20.7 19.5 in 1988 47 16.5
Andamooka 25.9 23.7 in 2014 45 20.9
Edinburgh RAAF 20.1 18.4 in 2014 42 16.1
Hawker 22.8 20.9 in 1988 42 17.8
Adelaide (Kent Town) 20.6 19.1 in 2014 38 16.7
Leigh Creek Airport 25.1 22.7 in 2014 31 19.7
Loxton Research Centre 20.5 18.6 in 2014 31 16.3
Coonawarra 16.9 15.3 in 2014 30 13.3
Whyalla Aero 20.7 19.4 in 2014 30 17.3
Nullarbor 20.3 19.1 in 2014 27 17.4
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 16.1 15.4 in 2014 23 13.9
Coulta (Coles Point) 17.6 17.4 in 2014 23 15.6
Edithburgh 17.8 17.2 in 2014 23 15.5
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 17.3 17.2 in 2014 23 15.2
Clare High School 18.7 17.1 in 2014 21 14.3
Coober Pedy Airport 26.4 24.2 in 2014 21 21.3
Kingscote Aero 15.6 15.3 in 2014 21 13.6
Mount Crawford AWS 17.6 15.4 in 2014 21 13.1
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 15.7 14.9 in 2014 21 12.8
Moomba Airport 27.6 25.5 in 2014 20 23.2
Renmark Aero 21.4 19.2 in 2014 20 17.0



Summary statistics for October 2015
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2015
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2015
Mean for
October
2015
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2015
Total for
October
2015
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2015
Fraction of
October
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 34.3 +6.1 38.9 25th 17.6 +4.1 12.2 3rd 2.2 18.3 low 12%
Coober Pedy Airport 34.5 +5.9 39.9 15th 18.2 +4.2 12.7 1st 3.4 11.3 average 30%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 34.1 +5.1 38.0 15th 18.0 +3.9 10.4 2nd 7.2 22.3 average 32%
Mount Ive 31.4   37.5 4th 13.9   7.5 1st 1.9 22.2 low 9%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 34.5 +6.2 39.1 15th 15.9 +3.4 7.9 3rd 0 12.2 v low 0%
Tarcoola Aero 33.8 +5.6 39.8 28th 15.8 +4.0 7.0 13th 6.4 15.4 average 42%
Woomera Aerodrome 33.1 +6.8 38.4 31st 16.8 +4.4 10.7 22nd 1.0 15.2 low 7%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 32.4 +5.7 37.0 20th     7.0 1st 3.3 18.7 low 18%
Leigh Creek Airport 33.7 +6.8 37.9 16th 16.5 +4.0 10.2 1st 0.6 17.1 low 4%
Marree Aero 36.0 +6.1 40.1 31st 17.2 +3.3 12.0 13th 0.2 10.3 v low 2%
Moomba Airport 36.1 +5.5 40.7 31st 19.2 +3.5 12.2 2nd 0.2 9.3 low 2%
Oodnadatta Airport 36.7 +6.3 40.5 31st 19.5 +4.4 11.6 3rd 0.6 13.3 low 5%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 27.6 +3.7 39.0 24th 12.5 +2.6 4.4 13th 1.6 24.7 v low 6%
Cleve 26.2 +3.9 36.9 15th 12.9 +2.7 7.4 13th 5.0 35.8 v low 14%
Cleve Aerodrome 26.5 +3.5 37.8 15th 11.5 +1.6 5.9 1st 2.8 27.9 low 10%
Coulta (Coles Point) 24.6 +3.5 34.0 24th 10.7 +0.5 4.3 1st 1.0 23.2 v low 4%
Cummins Aero 26.6   36.0 5th 9.4   1.5 1st 2.8
Elliston 24.0 +2.4 34.8 5th 12.7 +1.6 5.7 13th 3.6 29.8 v low 12%
Kimba 29.7 +5.8 36.5 9th 11.9 +2.8 7.0 13th 3.4 30.2 low 11%
Kyancutta 31.0 +5.7 39.0 15th 10.8 +2.5 1.9 13th 2.2 25.7 v low 9%
Minnipa Pirsa 30.1 +5.0 38.4 24th 12.2 +2.1 5.8 13th 5.0 20.2 low 25%
Neptune Island 19.3 +1.8 27.6 5th 13.6 +1.3 11.7 14th 2.6 26.2 v low 10%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 23.4 +2.6 37.2 5th 11.2 +1.7 4.6 1st 2.4 24.3 low 10%
Nullarbor 27.7 +3.2 41.0 14th 13.0 +2.7 5.9 2nd 3.4 17.8 low 19%
Port Augusta Aero 31.6 +4.7 39.5 15th 14.8 +3.3 6.1 1st 3.4 16.5 low 21%
Streaky Bay 27.3 +4.4 34.7 4th 13.3 +1.9 7.2 13th 2.9 25.9 v low 11%
Whyalla Aero 27.9 +4.0 40.0 15th 13.6 +3.0 5.8 1st 0.8 23.1 v low 3%
Wudinna Aero 30.7 +4.9 39.0 24th 10.7 +2.1 2.0 13th 2.8 19.2 low 15%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 32.2 +6.4 38.0 15th 13.5 +3.7 6.0 1st 2.6 24.3 low 11%
Yongala 28.5 +6.7 35.0 15th 9.9 +3.8 2.2 1st 2.8 33.2 v low 8%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 31.3 +5.7 37.9 15th 11.4 +2.8 2.6 1st 3.6 22.2 low 16%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 26.8 +6.0 34.7 15th 10.6 +2.8 2.9 13th 17.4 45.6 low 38%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 29.8   37.6 9th 12.5   4.3 14th 4.2
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 29.6 +5.3 37.3 15th 10.1 +3.3 2.2 1st 1.6 26.8 v low 6%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 23.3 +3.0 37.4 5th 12.3 +1.5 4.3 1st 1.6 26.6 v low 6%
Kadina AWS 27.6 +3.4 37.2 15th 9.9 +2.0 3.0 1st 5.6 20.6 low 27%
Maitland 26.4 +4.9 36.0 15th 11.7 +1.7 8.5 23rd 9.4 41.1 low 23%
Minlaton Aero 26.5 +4.2 35.7 5th 11.1 +1.9 4.6 1st 3.4 23.1 low 15%
Stenhouse Bay 21.9 +1.9 34.9 5th 13.1 +1.4 11.1 1st 3.4 27.9 low 12%
Warooka 24.4 +3.7 32.6 9th 12.1 +2.0 9.0 27th 2.0 34.9 v low 6%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 20.6 +2.7 28.4 5th 10.8 +0.8 5.5 14th 6.8 29.4 low 23%
Cape Willoughby 19.9 +2.3 31.2 15th 13.1 +1.6 11.2 27th 3.2 41.4 v low 8%
Kingscote Aero 23.0 +2.9 33.2 5th 8.1 +1.0 0.3 14th 6.2 29.0 low 21%
Parndana Cfs AWS 20.9   30.2 5th 9.2   4.5 14th 8.2
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 27.1 +5.1 36.1 15th 14.0 +2.5 7.8 1st 9.0 41.0 low 22%
Adelaide Airport 25.4 +4.4 36.2 15th 13.0 +2.4 7.3 14th 5.2 36.1 v low 14%
Edinburgh RAAF 27.6 +5.4 37.7 15th 12.8 +2.8 5.3 14th 6.8 37.1 v low 18%
Parafield Airport 27.7 +5.8 37.4 5th 12.8 +2.7 4.9 14th 9.0 40.4 v low 22%
Roseworthy AWS 28.6 +5.1 38.7 15th 10.8 +3.3 3.0 13th 9.2 31.0 low 30%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 26.6 +5.5 36.5 15th 10.9 +2.8 4.2 1st 7.4 34.6 low 21%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 28.1 +6.1 38.3 15th 11.4 +3.1 2.8 13th 9.8 43.2 low 23%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 23.9 +3.0 36.1 15th 12.2 +1.4 5.7 27th 2.6 26.1 v low 10%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 22.9 +4.4 32.2 15th 11.4 +2.3 5.8 27th 22.4 49.7 low 45%
Mount Barker 25.5 +6.1 34.6 15th 10.3 +3.1 4.6 1st 13.2 65.7 v low 20%
Mount Crawford AWS 23.6 +5.7 33.2 15th 11.5 +3.2 4.2 23rd 13.4 45.1 low 30%
Mount Lofty 21.4 +6.8 29.8 15th 10.6 +3.3 3.1 27th 28.0
Noarlunga 25.2 +4.1 34.9 15th 13.5 +2.1 8.9 14th 5.4 31.0 low 17%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 20.7 +4.0 29.9 5th 10.7 +1.8 6.1 27th 10.8 57.8 v low 19%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 23.4 +3.0 36.0 5th 10.2 +1.3 3.6 1st 5.4 35.6 v low 15%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 30.3 +6.1 37.8 4th 10.8 +2.4 2.6 1st 4.8 24.6 low 20%
Renmark Aero 31.1 +5.9 38.9 4th 11.7 +2.9 2.4 1st 13.2 24.7 average 53%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 27.1 +6.4 35.5 15th 11.7 +3.7 5.0 14th 6.2 39.8 v low 16%
Meningie 24.9 +4.3 34.8 15th 10.8 +1.3 4.2 14th 1.8 38.5 v low 5%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 28.1   38.6 15th 9.9   1.5 1st 6.6 16.4 average 40%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 26.0 +4.7 36.0 15th 10.3 +1.5 3.2 27th 3.8 33.0 low 12%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 28.7 +5.0 38.1 15th 10.0 +1.9 2.9 14th 0.2 31.8 lowest 1%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 28.3 +6.7 37.0 5th 10.0 +1.8 2.4 13th 3.2 41.2 v low 8%
Keith (Munkora) 28.1 +5.7 38.6 5th 8.5 +2.7 -0.3 7th 5.2 24.9 v low 21%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 28.2 +4.2 37.6 5th 9.9 +2.7 2.3 13th 7.8 17.7 low 44%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 22.2 +3.7 31.3 9th 10.0 +0.8 3.6 1st 3.6 31.2 v low 12%
Coonawarra 24.9 +5.5 34.5 5th 9.1 +1.9 2.0 7th 0.8 44.4 lowest 2%
Mount Gambier Aero 23.7 +5.8 32.7 15th 8.7 +1.6 2.3 8th 3.6 60.6 lowest 6%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 26.7 +6.2 36.6 5th 8.1 +1.4 -0.9 8th 3.2 34.0 v low 9%
Padthaway South 26.4 +5.8 36.3 5th 8.7 +1.0 0.8 7th 2.4 33.6 v low 7%
Robe Airfield 22.2 +3.4 31.4 19th 9.1 +0.6 2.1 1st 4.2 31.4 v low 13%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Monday 2 November 2015. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries