South Australia in September 2016: Heavy rainfall and cooler than average temperatures

The passage of several vigorous frontal systems, low pressure troughs and intense low pressure systems, in particular on the 14th-15th and 28th-29th brought heavy, and in many locations, record-breaking September rainfall. These conditions resulted in below average temperatures, with particularly cooler than usual days for much of the month. Daytime temperatures were more than 3 °C cooler than average across the northern parts of the State. The intense low pressure system on the 28th-29th produced exceptionally low surface air pressure across southern and central districts. Wind gusts up to 115 km/h were recorded on the Eyre Peninsula, with land gales persisting in excess of 80 km/h at several locations as the system crossed the southern coast.

Heavy rainfall results in very wet September

  • Highest September daily rainfall on record reported between the 9th and 15th or between the 29th and 30th
  • In the 24 hours to 9am on the 15th, 101.4 mm of rainfall was recorded at Uraidla, in the Mount Lofty Ranges, marking the sixth-highest September daily rainfall total on record for South Australia, behind the State record of 149.4 mm at Wirrabara Forest observed on 19 September 1913.
  • With much of the State reporting more than double the monthly average, many sites had their wettest September on record
  • For the State as whole, it was the fifth wettest September on record

Colder than average days across much of the State

Colder than average nights through Central districts

  • Minimum temperatures were 1 to 2 °C cooler than average across most central districts, this saw several sites report their coolest September nights in about 20 years
  • Night time temperatures were closer to average across the far northeast and lower southeast districts

Strong winds and deep low pressure

  • A deep and intense low pressure system saw wind gusts in excess of 100 km/h across the Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas on the 29th, with Neptune Island recording a west-southwesterly gust of 120 km/h
  • The low pressure system produced exceptionally low air pressure readings, below 980 hPa, across southern areas

Further information

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Extremes in September 2016
Hottest day 35.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 28th
Warmest days on average 23.5 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 11.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 7.7 °C at Mount Lofty on the 30th
Coldest night -1.2 °C at Yongala on the 19th
Coolest nights on average 3.7 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 11.5 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 18.9 °C at Tarcoola Aero on the 8th
Warmest on average overall 17.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 8.5 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 360.9 mm at Uraidla
Wettest day 101.4 mm at Uraidla on the 15th
Strongest wind gust 120 km/h at Neptune Island on the 29th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest September daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Clarendon 57.0 on the 29th 54.4 on the 20th in 1923 133
Millicent 52.0 on the 9th 35.6 on the 3rd in 1947 133
Penola Post Office 59.0 on the 9th 51.2 on the 17th in 2013 133
Truro 45.0 on the 30th 43.4 on the 19th in 1913 133
Williamstown 58.7 on the 30th 47.2 on the 2nd in 1937 133
Wirrabara 74.2 on the 30th 72.4 on the 23rd in 2009 133
Bridgewater 78.0 on the 29th 71.1 on the 1st in 1933 132
Macclesfield 58.2 on the 29th 56.1 on the 25th in 1893 132
Nairne 58.6 on the 29th 53.8 on the 16th in 1935 132
Goolwa Council Depot 60.6 on the 14th 38.1 on the 25th in 1893 131
Hahndorf 68.0 on the 29th 61.0 on the 11th in 1958 131
Belair (State Flora Nursery) 59.0 on the 15th 52.1 on the 12th in 1917 128
Uraidla 101.4 on the 15th 85.6 on the 30th in 1996 127
Woodside 65.6 on the 29th 59.7 on the 25th in 1893 123
Cleve 38.8 on the 29th 37.1 on the 21st in 1916 121
Cooke Plains 48.0 on the 30th 42.2 on the 20th in 1923 119
Strathalbyn 37.4 on the 29th 32.7 on the 4th in 2010 109
Murrays Lagoon (Bayside) 45.2 on the 14th 37.4 on the 23rd in 1991 108
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 73.0 on the 15th 58.8 on the 4th in 2010 103
Kalangadoo 71.0 on the 9th 42.0 on the 8th in 1983 102
Finniss 43.0 on the 29th 37.4 on the 4th in 2010 101
Coober Pedy 57.6 on the 2nd 29.7 on the 21st in 1970 86
Inman Valley 51.8 on the 29th 41.1 on the 7th in 1960 84
Mount Gambier Aero 53.2 on the 9th 32.5 on the 14th in 1961 75
Ashton Co-op 74.4 on the 15th 64.4 on the 1st in 1992 65
Adelaide Airport 35.0 on the 29th 30.7 on the 7th in 1960 62
Lenswood Research Centre 78.4 on the 29th 76.8 on the 30th in 1996 49
Aldgate 80.2 on the 29th 59.2 on the 2nd in 1973 48
Lucindale (Greenvale) 43.0 on the 9th 36.6 on the 23rd in 1998 48
Mount Schank (Jethia) 56.8 on the 9th 33.6 on the 17th in 1991 48
Prospect Hill 57.2 on the 29th 40.2 on the 14th in 2010 48
Avenue 48.0 on the 9th 40.0 on the 8th in 1983 43
Burnside 50.8 on the 9th 36.8 on the 4th in 2010 39
Heathfield Works Depot 68.0 on the 29th 46.2 on the 23rd in 1998 32
Kalamurina 53.4 on the 2nd 31.8 on the 3rd in 2010 30
Goolwa Barrage 39.0 on the 14th 35.0 on the 10th in 1991 29
Strathearn 24.0 on the 21st 20.4 on the 4th in 2010 26
Kingscote Aero 43.2 on the 14th 37.8 on the 4th in 2010 24
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 35.4 on the 9th 31.0 on the 29th in 1996 23
Clare High School 53.8 on the 29th 44.0 on the 2nd in 1997 23
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 43.2 on the 29th 33.8 on the 23rd in 1998 23
Mount Crawford AWS 54.0 on the 30th 48.2 on the 4th in 2010 23
Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot 66.8 on the 9th 28.6 on the 22nd in 2009 23
Coober Pedy Airport 61.4 on the 2nd 16.2 on the 17th in 2009 22
Tieyon 24.8 on the 13th 17.2 on the 9th in 2010 22
Strathalbyn Racecourse 34.4 on the 29th 32.2 on the 4th in 2010 21



Record highest September total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Mount Barker 227.8 194.2 in 1915 156 85.8
Goolwa Council Depot 174.8 112.8 in 1992 155 48.7
Tanunda 184.6 164.6 in 1912 149 61.7
Gumeracha 240.2 208.8 in 1923 147 89.5
Jamestown 216.2 145.2 in 1979 140 53.0
Wirrabara 185.6 150.2 in 1979 140 52.8
Gladstone 138.4 128.6 in 1979 139 47.9
Truro 170.9 151.2 in 1992 137 54.6
Cape Willoughby 156.6 119.5 in 1937 136 56.5
Eudunda 137.2 125.7 in 1979 136 49.0
Tarlee 141.1 131.2 in 1992 136 52.7
Milang 146.6 92.0 in 1992 135 39.8
Callington 106.0 99.4 in 2010 134 41.6
Williamstown 230.1 184.8 in 1992 134 73.1
Nairne 183.0 172.9 in 1912 133 76.2
Belair (State Flora Nursery) 225.4 225.1 in 1979 132 80.3
Hahndorf 257.8 223.9 in 1941 132 96.6
Macclesfield 215.4 179.3 in 1923 132 82.9
Birdwood 199.8 192.0 in 1915 130 81.9
Sedan 85.6 83.4 in 1992 130 32.4
Sedan (Sandleton) 88.8 73.6 in 1992 130 26.3
Langhorne Creek 131.4 103.5 in 1893 128 39.9
Uraidla 360.9 319.0 in 1979 127 115.6
Wolseley 133.2 125.4 in 1979 127 52.5
Cooke Plains 151.0 124.2 in 1923 125 41.1
Yankalilla 142.0 138.4 in 1941 125 59.0
Manoora 173.5 154.0 in 1979 124 57.0
Cherry Gardens 251.2 229.2 in 1931 116 100.3
Maitland 125.6 122.2 in 1917 115 49.9
Mintaro 220.6 197.4 in 1979 114 70.4
Pinnaroo 114.9 105.4 in 1964 111 35.9
Parrakie 122.2 111.8 in 1979 109 41.8
Tailem Bend 107.7 98.8 in 1923 109 38.2
Coomandook 109.2 100.6 in 1925 107 42.5
Geranium 122.4 103.2 in 1992 107 43.7
Victor Harbor (Rivington Grange) 209.4 151.2 in 1941 107 75.3
Keyneton 163.1 155.9 in 1915 105 62.0
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 254.6 222.4 in 1992 103 97.5
Finniss 146.2 110.9 in 1917 103 53.8
Karoonda 119.3 96.8 in 1992 103 35.6
Mindarie 127.5 89.9 in 1913 102 32.9
Alawoona 113.2 105.7 in 1964 96 29.4
Paruna 116.2 110.4 in 1964 94 29.6
Purnong (Claypans) 104.7 89.4 in 1979 90 30.4
Coober Pedy 59.6 44.2 in 1979 88 9.0
Inman Valley 222.2 171.9 in 1941 82 76.8
Parawa (Sharon) 248.6 205.8 in 1992 75 94.0
Parafield Airport 107.6 92.6 in 1979 69 44.5
Jamestown Pirsa 174.8 136.4 in 1979 65 52.7
Sturt Vale 84.5 73.4 in 2001 52 20.2
Parachilna (Motpena) 69.4 59.0 in 2005 48 18.8
Prospect Hill 213.6 170.4 in 1992 47 89.0
Mount Schank (Jethia) 145.8 133.8 in 1996 46 76.4
Aldgate 305.3 263.2 in 1979 45 121.7
Caliph 88.6 69.2 in 1992 43 29.6
Oodla Wirra (McCoys Well) 88.8 67.1 in 1975 42 19.8
Burnside 178.2 108.2 in 1917 39 57.0
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 144.2 140.0 in 2001 38 64.9
Blackwood (Wittunga) 192.8 160.6 in 1979 38 75.4
Loxton Research Centre 94.8 63.8 in 1997 33 28.5
Heathfield Works Depot 315.9 217.0 in 1992 32 114.8
Kalamurina 79.0 58.2 in 2010 30 9.2
Goolwa Barrage 158.2 103.8 in 2010 27 51.5
Strathearn 80.4 47.0 in 2005 25 17.0
Edithburgh 112.6 111.0 in 1997 24 43.9
Kingscote Aero 133.4 113.0 in 1997 24 47.7
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 103.4 97.4 in 1996 23 48.8
Clare High School 198.8 135.6 in 1997 23 62.2
Mount Crawford AWS 169.2 150.8 in 2001 23 74.4
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 204.6 200.2 in 2010 23 86.5
Coober Pedy Airport 66.8 25.8 in 1997 22 9.7
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 125.2 96.8 in 2001 22 55.6
Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot 136.0 120.0 in 1996 22 71.0
Nuriootpa Pirsa 162.2 95.8 in 2010 21 60.2
Strathalbyn Racecourse 142.2 89.6 in 2009 21 49.6

Highest September total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
September
Strathalbyn 146.5 159.3 in 1877 53.0
Georgetown 163.6 172.1 in 1910* 53.0
Frances 135.0 135.9 in 1912* 57.8
Woodside 200.8 207.0 in 1923* 91.5
Millicent 146.0 172.0 in 1941 74.2
Willunga 151.2 157.6 in 1941* 67.7
Marree (Witchelina Station) 43.4 =43.4 in 1949* 9.3
Yunta (Panaramitee) 72.2 94.8 in 1964 18.2
Boolcoomatta 91.9 99.2 in 1964* 14.3
Braemar 80.6 104.4 in 1964* 25.2
Hawker (Wilson) 92.4 98.1 in 1964* 26.8
Koonamore 83.8 94.9 in 1964* 16.7
Berri 74.6 112.9 in 1964* 26.5
Kingston on Murray 98.2 100.8 in 1964* 25.2
Yunta (Paratoo) 77.8 105.7 in 1964* 20.4
Carrieton 74.6 82.3 in 1964* 27.9
Arkaroola 75.8 96.3 in 1979 15.8
Blanchetown Lock 1 72.0 83.0 in 1979 30.3
Bridgewater 242.6 249.9 in 1979 112.2
Kapunda 107.8 130.8 in 1979 54.9
Penneshaw 105.4 138.0 in 1979 51.7
Coonalpyn 102.8 128.6 in 1979* 48.1
Huddleston (Willow Ponds) 132.2 152.8 in 1979* 49.7
Kingston SE 95.6 100.2 in 1979* 57.3
Lenswood Research Centre 289.0 297.2 in 1979* 116.7
Australia Plains 85.0 109.2 in 1979* 32.1
Mannum Council Depot 79.1 88.2 in 1979* 29.9
Robertstown 109.6 116.4 in 1979* 38.9
Stansbury 93.4 94.2 in 1979* 44.1
Melrose 165.4 196.0 in 1984 63.7
Hilltown 150.0 167.8 in 1979* 53.2
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 106.6 108.4 in 1992 32.9
Elliston 86.6 124.2 in 1992 39.8
Freeling 139.7 148.0 in 1992 58.9
Lobethal 222.2 229.8 in 1992 99.2
Lucindale Post Office 104.4 123.9 in 1992 63.5
Mount Compass 190.6 193.0 in 1992 90.3
Nildottie 68.6 72.8 in 1992 27.3
North Adelaide 117.6 141.2 in 1992 54.7
Orroroo 100.4 107.4 in 1992 33.5
Peake 99.6 99.8 in 1992 41.8
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 134.2 136.2 in 1992 53.5
Yongala 112.6 117.4 in 1992 38.3
Appila 101.4 128.0 in 1992* 42.8
Ashton Co-op 185.0 307.8 in 1992* 111.4
Caltowie 117.4 128.0 in 1992* 51.0
Clarendon 158.6 164.0 in 1992* 83.9
Edinburgh RAAF 111.2 117.0 in 1992* 48.4
Flinders Chase (Rocky River) 104.6 152.6 in 1992* 69.9
Manna Hill 69.4 81.4 in 1992* 16.4
Oodla Wirra 84.4 87.8 in 1992* 27.7
Palmer 90.0 101.8 in 1992* 46.0
Roseworthy 108.4 142.4 in 1992* 48.4
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 35.0 45.6 in 1992* 11.5
Bute 100.3 110.2 in 1992* 41.5
Gulnare 153.9 154.8 in 1992* 53.2
Parndana (Turkey Lane) 176.0 190.6 in 1992* 72.9
Stockport (Clifton) 122.8 141.4 in 1992* 55.6
Swan Reach 68.9 75.0 in 1992* 28.5
Whyte Yarcowie 117.4 135.8 in 1992* 37.2
Adelaide (Seaton) 100.2 134.0 in 1992* 46.7
Adelaide (Tea Tree Gully Council) 165.4 178.1 in 1992* 68.6
Meningie 84.6 89.2 in 1996 48.1
Myponga 171.6 185.2 in 1992* 83.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest September daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Warooka 11.2 on the 12th = 11.2 on the 26th in 1970 52 17.9
Meningie 11.2 on the 12th = 11.2 on the 26th in 1970 51 18.2
Kimba 10.5 on the 29th = 10.5 on the 22nd in 2009 49 20.3
Hawker 11.5 on the 29th 11.6 on the 30th in 2003 43 21.8
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 11.5 on the 13th 11.7 on the 11th in 2004 25 16.3
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 12.1 on the 29th 12.4 on the 30th in 2003 25 18.7
Kingscote Aero 11.2 on the 12th 12.3 on the 28th in 1996 23 17.9
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 8.3 on the 12th = 8.3 on the 5th in 1995 23 14.6
Renmark Aero 12.4 on the 13th 12.5 on the 3rd in 2005 22 22.2
Cleve Aerodrome 10.6 on the 29th 11.7 on the 1st in 1997 21 20.3
Minnipa Pirsa 11.2 on the 29th 13.0 on the 16th in 1999 21 21.8
Stenhouse Bay 11.4 on the 12th 12.0 on the 11th in 2004 21 18.2
Ernabella (Pukatja) 10.3 on the 13th 11.0 on the 18th in 2010 20 26.4
Roseworthy AWS 11.7 on the 14th 12.0 on the 11th in 2004 20 20.0



Record lowest September mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Kingscote Aero 16.0 16.2 in 2010 22 17.9
Moomba Airport 21.8 23.9 in 2010 21 27.6

Lowest September mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Arkaroola 19.7 19.1 in 1978 23.5
Andamooka 21.7 21.5 in 1992 24.7
Leigh Creek Airport 19.5 =19.5 in 1992 23.5
Yongala 15.1 14.6 in 1992 18.0



Record lowest September mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Nullarbor 6.8 = 6.8 in 2002 28 8.0
Coober Pedy Airport 9.8 = 9.8 in 2015 22 11.3
Cleve Aerodrome 7.2 7.8 in 2015 20 8.7
Stenhouse Bay 9.6 = 9.6 in 1996 20 10.4

Lowest September mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Ceduna AMO 6.9 6.3 in 1971 7.8
Woomera Aerodrome 8.3 8.2 in 1985 9.5
Leigh Creek Airport 8.1 7.9 in 1992 9.4
Andamooka 9.2 9.1 in 1994 10.5
Eudunda 5.5 =5.5 in 1994 6.4
Kimba 6.1 5.8 in 1994 7.0
Cleve 7.8 =7.8 in 1994* 8.6
Streaky Bay 9.4 8.8 in 1994* 9.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest September mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
September
Coober Pedy Airport 15.8 = 15.8 in 2010 22 18.5
Moomba Airport 16.3 17.9 in 2010 21 19.9
Nuriootpa Pirsa 10.4 10.6 in 2010 20 12.4
Strathalbyn Racecourse 11.8 = 11.8 in 2010 20 13.3

Lowest September mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
September
Arkaroola 13.2 13.1 in 1984* 15.8
Hawker 11.5 11.4 in 1985* 14.3
Andamooka 15.5 =15.5 in 1992 17.6
Eudunda 10.2 9.7 in 1992 11.8
Leigh Creek Airport 13.8 13.7 in 1992 16.4
Woomera Aerodrome 14.5 14.2 in 1992 16.1
Yongala 9.3 8.9 in 1992 11.0
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 12.1 =12.1 in 1994 13.4
Oodnadatta Airport 17.2 16.7 in 1984* 19.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for September 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
September
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
September
2016
Mean for
September
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
September
2016
Total for
September
2016
Average
for
September
Rank of
September
2016
Fraction of
September
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 21.7 -3.0 32.5 28th 9.2 -1.3 4.8 16th 22.6 12.4 high 182%
Coober Pedy Airport 21.7 -4.1 31.6 28th 9.8 -1.5 4.6 14th 66.8 9.7 highest 689%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 21.7 -4.7 29.1 23rd 8.4 -2.4 1.6 30th 26.8 12.1 high 221%
Mount Ive 20.1   28.8 8th 6.3   1.0 10th 38.7 23.3 high 166%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 21.6 -3.8 32.4 28th 8.3 -1.0 3.4 22nd 21.6 9.9 high 218%
Tarcoola Aero 22.0 -3.5 30.7 28th 7.4 -1.7 0.4 15th 17.4 9.6 high 181%
Woomera Aerodrome 20.7 -2.0 31.1 28th 8.3 -1.2 3.8 15th 44.2 14.7 v high 301%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 19.7 -3.8 27.0 8th 6.6 -1.5 2.2 16th 75.8 15.8 v high 480%
Leigh Creek Airport 19.5 -4.0 26.9 8th 8.1 -1.3 2.5 16th 80.6 19.2 v high 420%
Marree Aero 22.0 -4.8 30.2 28th 9.7 -1.1 4.1 19th 44.8 9.7 v high 462%
Moomba Airport 21.8 -5.8 30.0 8th 10.8 -1.4 6.0 16th 87.2 15.7 v high 555%
Oodnadatta Airport 23.5 -3.2 35.2 28th 10.9 -0.6 5.1 14th 32.6 9.9 v high 329%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 19.9 -1.6 29.5 23rd 6.9 -0.9 1.0 11th 36.2 27.2 high 133%
Cleve 17.8 -1.7 26.4 8th 7.8 -0.8 4.0 22nd 100.8 42.5 v high 237%
Cleve Aerodrome 17.4 -2.9 26.8 8th 7.2 -1.5 3.0 11th 62.4 36.4 high 171%
Coulta (Coles Point) 16.9 -1.6 26.1 7th 8.2 -0.7 4.4 22nd 58.4 34.5 high 169%
Cummins Aero 17.2   24.5 7th 5.4   0.9 21st 52.4 40.8 average 128%
Elliston 18.1 -1.2 28.0 7th 9.2 -0.3 3.4 11th 86.6 39.8 v high 218%
Kimba 18.6 -1.7 26.0 7th 6.1 -0.9 2.0 18th 103.2 37.5 v high 275%
Kyancutta 20.2 -1.7 28.3 8th 5.8 -0.5 -0.1 22nd 45.4 31.4 high 145%
Minnipa Pirsa 18.8 -3.0 27.0 7th 6.7 -1.6 0.8 21st 39.6 27.9 average 142%
Neptune Island 15.4 -0.8 18.5 8th 11.5 -0.1 8.5 13th 56.2 45.5 high 124%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 17.0 -1.7 25.3 7th 7.2 -0.8 4.7 5th 63.0 40.4 high 156%
Nullarbor 20.3 -2.3 32.9 7th 6.8 -1.2 1.3 25th 38.8 17.9 v high 217%
Port Augusta Aero 21.0 -3.1 28.4 7th 7.4 -1.1 2.6 19th 54.6 19.7 high 277%
Streaky Bay 19.0 -1.3 25.0 23rd 9.4 -0.5 5.1 11th 52.1 35.2 high 148%
Whyalla Aero 19.3 -2.4 27.7 7th 7.3 -0.9 3.3 23rd 70.8 27.0 v high 262%
Wudinna Aero 19.9 -2.7 27.7 8th 5.6 -1.7 -0.6 11th 30.2 25.5 average 118%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 18.7 -3.1 25.5 7th 4.6 -2.1 0.0 4th 62.1 27.8 high 223%
Yongala 15.1 -2.9 22.4 7th 3.7 -0.3 -1.2 19th 112.6 38.3 v high 294%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 19.3 -3.4 27.0 8th 6.4 -0.3 0.2 23rd 116.2 25.8 v high 450%
Yunta Airstrip 18.1 -3.9 24.9 7th 6.0 -0.7 0.8 4th 71.6 17.0 v high 421%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 14.8 -2.6 22.1 7th 5.6 -0.6 1.5 27th 198.8 62.2 highest 320%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 19.1   26.3 28th 7.0   2.3 19th 69.8
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 17.2 -3.3 23.1 7th 5.4 0.0 1.1 27th 117.2 40.9 v high 287%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 16.4 -1.4 19.2 7th 8.5 -0.2 3.6 16th 112.6 43.9 highest 256%
Kadina AWS 17.2 -3.4 24.6 7th 5.8 -0.2 0.6 27th 75.4 35.2 high 214%
Maitland 16.6 -1.6 23.5 7th 7.8 -0.7 4.7 11th 125.6 49.9 highest 252%
Minlaton Aero 17.0 -2.3 24.6 7th 7.5 -0.5 3.9 18th 66.2 36.9 high 179%
Stenhouse Bay 16.4 -1.8 23.7 7th 9.6 -0.8 6.0 23rd 77.4 45.2 high 171%
Warooka 16.4 -1.5 23.2 7th 8.3 -0.4 5.8 25th 106.6 46.1 v high 231%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.7 -1.4 19.6 7th 9.2 -0.3 6.1 13th 123.0 46.4 v high 265%
Cape Willoughby 14.8 -1.1 19.9 7th 10.0 -0.4 7.3 25th 156.6 56.5 highest 277%
Kingscote Aero 16.0 -1.9 20.7 7th 7.3 +0.9 3.5 3rd 133.4 47.7 highest 280%
Parndana Cfs AWS 14.2   19.6 6th 7.3   4.4 23rd 159.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 17.4 -1.7 25.0 7th 9.1 -0.7 5.6 23rd 131.2 59.7 v high 220%
Adelaide Airport 16.9 -1.3 24.9 7th 9.7 +0.8 5.5 23rd 93.2 45.4 v high 205%
Edinburgh RAAF 17.1 -1.9 24.4 7th 8.0 -0.1 3.9 23rd 111.2 48.4 v high 230%
Parafield Airport 17.6 -1.4 24.4 7th 8.0 -0.2 4.1 11th 107.6 44.5 highest 242%
Roseworthy AWS 16.8 -3.2 22.8 7th 6.5 0.0 2.7 25th 113.6 48.9 v high 232%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 15.2 -2.8 23.1 7th 5.6 -1.2 1.2 22nd 162.2 60.2 highest 269%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 16.6 -1.8 24.1 7th 6.3 -0.3 0.8 27th 134.2 53.5 v high 251%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 16.7 -2.2 25.1 7th 8.7 -0.8 4.4 28th 117.8 43.7 v high 270%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.9 -2.5 21.9 7th 7.2 -0.9 4.9 14th 202.8 77.2 v high 263%
Mount Barker 15.7 -0.8 22.3 7th 6.4 +0.5 2.4 23rd 227.8 85.8 highest 266%
Mount Crawford AWS 12.8 -2.5 19.8 7th 6.4 -1.0 3.9 29th 169.2 74.4 highest 227%
Mount Lofty 11.4 -0.7 18.9 7th 5.6 -0.5 3.1 29th 312.2
Noarlunga 16.5 -2.2 24.4 7th 9.8 -0.6 5.8 23rd 64.0 46.2 high 139%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 13.3 -1.3 20.4 7th 7.3 -0.8 4.0 23rd 204.6 86.5 highest 237%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.5 -2.1 24.7 7th 6.9 -0.8 2.7 23rd 190.4 63.1 v high 302%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 18.9 -2.0 27.3 8th 6.8 +0.4 0.6 23rd 94.8 28.5 highest 333%
Renmark Aero 19.2 -3.0 28.4 8th 6.9 +0.2 0.5 23rd 58.0 24.3 v high 239%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 14.9 -2.3 23.2 7th 5.5 -0.9 2.3 23rd 137.2 49.0 highest 280%
Meningie 16.7 -1.5 24.1 7th 8.8 +0.5 3.8 23rd 84.6 48.1 v high 176%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 17.4 -3.3 25.0 7th 5.1 -0.2 1.0 23rd 98.4 36.7 v high 268%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 16.5 -2.3 23.8 7th 7.1 -0.6 3.4 23rd 142.2 49.6 highest 287%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 17.3 -3.2 24.6 7th 5.8 -0.7 2.2 29th 119.3 35.6 highest 335%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 16.8 -1.9 23.0 7th 7.5 +0.5 3.0 23rd 82.6 50.2 v high 165%
Keith (Munkora) 16.7 -2.1 21.9 7th 5.8 +0.3 -0.1 23rd 85.4 39.7 high 215%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 16.5 -3.4 23.1 8th 5.5 +0.1 1.4 19th 109.6 33.6 v high 326%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 15.0 -1.3 20.5 7th 8.8 +0.2 3.2 23rd 103.4 48.8 highest 212%
Coonawarra 15.8 -1.2 20.6 7th 7.1 +0.6 1.1 23rd 94.4 61.8 high 153%
Mount Gambier Aero 15.2 -0.7 20.7 7th 7.0 +0.7 1.1 23rd 110.4 72.1 v high 153%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 15.7 -2.0 20.9 7th 7.2 +0.7 -0.1 23rd 111.0 54.3 v high 204%
Padthaway South 16.0 -2.0 22.1 7th 7.1 -0.1 1.9 23rd 91.4 45.3 v high 202%
Robe Airfield 15.4 -1.6 21.3 7th 8.4 +0.4 2.4 23rd 118.0 52.8 v high 223%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 7 am on Monday 3 October 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

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