South Australia in December 2019: dry and very hot

South Australia had its warmest December on record and driest December since 1972. Rainfall was below average across most of the State, including some areas of driest on record. Both daytime and night-time temperatures were very much above average across large areas of South Australia.

Driest December since 1972

  • Rainfall in December was below average over most of South Australia, including some areas of driest on record
  • For the State as a whole, December rainfall was 79% below average, the driest December since 1972
  • Most areas of the State had less than 10 mm for the month
  • The wettest locations for December were in the Adelaide Hills, with 38.4 mm at Ashton the highest total for the month
  • December continued a run of 13 consecutive months of less than average rainfall for South Australia as a whole
  • Many sites had either their lowest total December rainfall on record or their lowest total December rainfall for at least 20 years

Warmest December on record

Further information

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Extremes in December 2019
Hottest day 49.9 °C at Nullarbor on the 19th
Warmest days on average 41.6 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 22.4 °C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day 10.9 °C at Mount Lofty on the 1st
Coldest night 1.2 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 7th
Coolest nights on average 10.7 °C at Mount Gambier Aero
Warmest nights on average 24.8 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 34.9 °C at Marree Aero on the 20th
Warmest on average overall 32.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 18.2 °C at Mount Gambier Aero
Wettest overall 38.4 mm at Ashton
Driest overall 0 mm at Loxton Research Centre
Wettest day 23.8 mm at Willunga on the 2nd
Strongest wind gust 128 km/h at Kadina AWS on the 20th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest December total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Parafield Airport 3.0 3.8 in 1991 72 24.8
Loxton Research Centre 0.0 1.6 in 2015 36 23.9
Coonawarra 5.4 5.6 in 1997 34 36.4
Goolwa Barrage 1.9 2.8 in 1989 30 26.6
Tieyon 1.6 3.6 in 1996 25 30.8
Strathalbyn Racecourse 1.0 2.2 in 1996 23 23.1
Halbury Road Salisbury (Halbury Road) 5.0 5.6 in 2014 21 27.2
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 0.7 2.4 in 2001 20 33.1

Lowest December total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
December
Finniss 4.4 2.3 in 1932* 23.5
Warooka 2.2 1.8 in 1949 17.9
Adelaide Airport 3.2 2.9 in 1963 23.8
Nairne 5.0 0.3 in 1963 32.2
Strathalbyn 2.0 1.1 in 1963 25.7
Meadows 8.0 3.8 in 1963* 38.5
Nullarbor 0.2 0.0 in 1962* 15.5
Blanchetown Lock 1 1.6 0.6 in 1981 23.6
Cowell 0.4 0.2 in 1981* 18.0
Mount Schank (Jethia) 7.8 3.4 in 1982 39.5
Port Wakefield 2.6 2.2 in 1982 18.7
Wellington (Brinkley South) 6.2 1.8 in 1984 25.1
Cook 0.5 0.0 in 1979* 18.0
Purnong (Claypans) 0.8 0.0 in 1984* 23.1
Hahndorf 10.9 5.0 in 1984* 37.4
Berri 0.4 =0.4 in 1984* 20.5
Leigh Creek Airport 0.6 0.4 in 1984* 21.8
Port Parham 3.2 2.8 in 1985* 22.2
Beltana Roadhouse 1.0 0.0 in 1991 21.7
Hawker 0.3 0.0 in 1991 22.0
Woomera Aerodrome 2.4 0.2 in 1991 14.2
Bruce 1.8 0.6 in 1991* 21.2
Morgan (Brenda Park Station) 1.2 0.0 in 1991* 29.1
Mount Ive 1.3 1.0 in 1991* 16.5
Port Clinton (Yararoo) 2.0 0.0 in 1991* 19.2
Wharminda 2.2 =2.2 in 1991* 22.7
Yongala 3.0 0.6 in 1991* 24.5
Kingscote Aero 3.2 1.8 in 1996 20.1
Frances 5.4 4.4 in 1998 29.6
Hawker (Wilson) 2.8 =2.8 in 1998 22.6
Roseworthy AWS 10.0 0.0 in 1998* 25.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest December temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 45.3 on the 19th 44.2 on the 31st in 1904 95 26.8
Kyancutta 48.0 on the 20th 46.4 on the 27th in 1961 90 30.9
Ceduna AMO 48.9 on the 19th 47.3 on the 30th in 1976 79 27.4
Mount Gambier Aero 45.9 on the 20th 43.3 on the 31st in 2007 78 23.1
Oodnadatta Airport 48.4 on the 19th 48.3 on the 30th in 1949 71 36.4
Woomera Aerodrome 48.2 on the 20th 46.2 on the 28th in 2018 71 32.5
Adelaide Airport 43.9 on the 19th 42.4 on the 30th in 2005 65 25.9
Parafield Airport 46.7 on the 20th 44.2 on the 17th in 2002 64 27.9
Cleve 45.9 on the 20th 43.3 on the 23rd in 2012 63 26.8
Mount Barker 42.5 on the 20th 41.3 on the 31st in 2007 63 25.1
Streaky Bay 47.1 on the 19th 43.0 on the 30th in 1976 62 27.4
Yongala 43.1 on the 19th 41.9 on the 28th in 2018 62 28.7
Elliston 43.5 on the 17th 42.4 on the 30th in 1976 58 24.7
Keith 47.8 on the 20th 44.1 on the 10th in 1980 58 27.7
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 47.0 on the 20th 44.4 on the 27th in 2018 57 28.3
Eudunda 44.0 on the 20th 41.8 on the 18th in 2015 55 27.1
Kimba 46.0 on the 20th 44.6 on the 29th in 2018 53 29.4
Andamooka 47.2 on the 19th 47.0 on the 23rd in 2005 51 34.6
Edinburgh RAAF 46.6 on the 20th 43.9 on the 27th in 2018 48 28.0
Hawker 46.1 on the 19th 44.5 on the 23rd in 2005 46 32.0
Adelaide (Kent Town) 45.2 on the 19th 43.7 on the 27th in 2018 43 27.3
Maitland 46.0 on the 19th 42.9 on the 19th in 2013 38 26.8
Leigh Creek Airport 46.2 on the 20th 45.4 on the 23rd in 2005 37 33.4
Loxton Research Centre 47.3 on the 20th 44.2 on the 31st in 2005 36 29.9
Coonawarra 45.8 on the 20th 42.8 on the 31st in 2007 35 25.1
Nullarbor 49.9 on the 19th 46.1 on the 27th in 2013 34 27.0
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 45.6 on the 20th 43.7 on the 20th in 2005 28 24.8
Edithburgh 47.0 on the 20th 43.2 on the 23rd in 2012 27 24.1
Clare High School 44.3 on the 19th 41.7 on the 28th in 2018 26 27.6
Coober Pedy Airport 48.3 on the 20th 47.3 on the 28th in 2018 26 34.5
Mount Crawford AWS 42.0 on the 20th 39.7 on the 6th in 2015 26 25.1
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 40.3 on the 20th 38.8 on the 23rd in 2012 26 21.8
Renmark Aero 48.6 on the 20th 46.3 on the 31st in 2005 25 31.3
Cleve Aerodrome 46.6 on the 20th 44.4 on the 30th in 2005 24 27.4
Minnipa Pirsa 47.2 on the 19th 45.0 on the 30th in 2005 24 30.6
Nuriootpa Pirsa 44.7 on the 20th 42.2 on the 27th in 2018 24 27.5
Stenhouse Bay 43.2 on the 20th 41.3 on the 31st in 2007 24 23.4
Strathalbyn Racecourse 45.9 on the 20th 43.2 on the 31st in 2007 24 26.2
Roseworthy AWS 47.6 on the 20th 45.2 on the 27th in 2018 23 29.6
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 47.4 on the 20th 46.4 on the 18th in 2017 23 34.6
Ernabella (Pukatja) 45.1 on the 24th 43.4 on the 28th in 2018 22 33.3
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 41.9 on the 20th 39.3 on the 19th in 2015 22 23.9
Marree Aero 48.0 on the 19th = 48.0 on the 23rd in 2005 22 36.2
Naracoorte Aerodrome 47.7 on the 20th 45.0 on the 31st in 2007 22 27.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 46.9 on the 20th 45.2 on the 19th in 2015 22 30.5
Yunta Airstrip 45.9 on the 19th 43.6 on the 27th in 2018 22 31.4
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 48.6 on the 20th 45.1 on the 27th in 2018 21 31.5
Wudinna Aero 48.4 on the 19th 46.1 on the 19th in 2013 21 31.3
Mount Lofty 39.0 on the 20th 35.5 on the 27th in 2018 20 19.8
Noarlunga 43.4 on the 19th 41.6 on the 30th in 2005 20 26.5
Padthaway South 46.1 on the 20th 43.2 on the 31st in 2007 20 26.9



Record highest December mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Streaky Bay 31.4 31.1 in 2015 92 27.4
Yongala 33.6 32.1 in 1994 92 28.7
Kyancutta 35.8 35.4 in 2015 89 30.9
Ceduna AMO 32.0 31.7 in 2015 78 27.4
Oodnadatta Airport 41.6 40.2 in 1994 70 36.4
Woomera Aerodrome 37.9 35.7 in 2015 70 32.5
Elliston 29.5 28.4 in 2015 57 24.7
Andamooka 39.2 37.6 in 1972 50 34.6
Hawker 36.2 34.9 in 2015 45 32.0
Arkaroola 37.7 35.9 in 2015 42 32.9
Leigh Creek Airport 38.3 36.6 in 2018 36 33.4
Loxton Research Centre 34.2 34.1 in 2015 35 29.9
Nullarbor 31.4 30.6 in 2015 33 27.0
Clare High School 32.1 31.3 in 2015 25 27.6
Coober Pedy Airport 39.7 36.9 in 2018 25 34.5
Mount Crawford AWS 29.1 = 29.1 in 2015 25 25.1
Moomba Airport 40.4 39.2 in 2018 24 36.8
Minnipa Pirsa 35.5 33.9 in 2015 23 30.6
Nuriootpa Pirsa 31.7 31.3 in 2015 23 27.5
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 38.9 36.9 in 2018 22 34.6
Tarcoola Aero 39.2 37.1 in 2015 22 34.0
Ernabella (Pukatja) 38.9 36.1 in 2018 21 33.3
Marree Aero 40.6 39.6 in 2018 21 36.2
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 34.3 34.1 in 2015 21 30.5
Yunta Airstrip 34.8 34.3 in 2015 21 31.4
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 35.6 35.1 in 2015 20 31.5
Wudinna Aero 35.0 = 35.0 in 2015 20 31.3

Highest December mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
December
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 30.6 31.6 in 1898* 26.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest December daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 33.6 on the 20th 31.8 on the 29th in 1897 95 15.1
Kyancutta 28.3 on the 30th 28.0 on the 22nd in 1976 90 13.0
Oodnadatta Airport 33.9 on the 20th 32.7 on the 26th in 1954 71 21.3
Woomera Aerodrome 32.3 on the 20th 31.8 on the 19th in 2015 71 17.7
Adelaide Airport 31.9 on the 20th 31.2 on the 7th in 2015 65 14.6
Parafield Airport 34.1 on the 20th 31.4 on the 7th in 2015 64 14.9
Streaky Bay 28.0 on the 20th 27.3 on the 13th in 1996 62 15.0
Yongala 26.6 on the 20th 26.3 on the 19th in 1994 62 11.6
Elliston 28.6 on the 20th 28.0 on the 11th in 1975 58 14.7
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 30.0 on the 20th = 30.0 on the 7th in 2015 57 13.5
Kimba 28.2 on the 20th 28.0 on the 20th in 2013 53 14.0
Andamooka 32.9 on the 20th 31.3 on the 22nd in 1972 51 19.5
Edinburgh RAAF 34.2 on the 20th 31.7 on the 7th in 2015 48 14.8
Adelaide (Kent Town) 32.8 on the 20th 30.7 on the 7th in 2015 43 15.7
Maitland 32.0 on the 20th 28.2 on the 9th in 2006 38 13.9
Leigh Creek Airport 33.2 on the 20th 32.5 on the 19th in 2015 37 18.8
Clare High School 27.3 on the 20th = 27.3 on the 19th in 1994 26 12.7
Coober Pedy Airport 32.9 on the 30th 31.6 on the 29th in 2018 26 20.0
Mount Crawford AWS 28.3 on the 20th 27.2 on the 20th in 2013 26 12.2
Minnipa Pirsa 30.6 on the 20th 28.4 on the 2nd in 1999 24 14.3
Nuriootpa Pirsa 28.3 on the 20th 27.9 on the 7th in 2015 24 12.5
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 32.8 on the 20th 31.5 on the 19th in 2015 23 18.9
Ernabella (Pukatja) 30.5 on the 25th 28.3 on the 18th in 2017 22 19.2
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 27.1 on the 20th 26.4 on the 7th in 2015 22 12.7
Marree Aero 34.9 on the 20th 32.7 on the 30th in 2003 22 20.4
Yunta Airstrip 32.0 on the 20th 29.3 on the 19th in 2015 22 14.6
Mount Lofty 27.6 on the 20th 26.6 on the 31st in 2005 20 10.7
Noarlunga 31.0 on the 20th 29.9 on the 7th in 2015 20 15.4



Record lowest December temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Tarcoola Aero 7.8 on the 4th = 7.8 on the 2nd in 2015 23 17.5



Record highest December mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Yongala 15.0 = 15.0 in 2018 92 11.6
Woomera Aerodrome 21.1 20.7 in 2015 70 17.7
Andamooka 22.0 21.7 in 1983 50 19.5
Edinburgh RAAF 16.7 16.4 in 2018 47 14.8
Arkaroola 20.5 20.2 in 2018 42 17.9
Leigh Creek Airport 22.0 20.9 in 2018 36 18.8
Nullarbor 15.8 15.5 in 2011 33 14.4
Coober Pedy Airport 23.3 21.7 in 2015 25 20.0
Moomba Airport 24.8 24.7 in 1997 24 22.4
Cleve Aerodrome 15.6 15.5 in 2018 23 14.0
Minnipa Pirsa 16.9 16.3 in 2018 23 14.3
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 21.7 20.7 in 2015 22 18.9
Tarcoola Aero 21.0 19.9 in 2015 22 17.5
Ernabella (Pukatja) 22.5 20.7 in 2012 21 19.2
Marree Aero 22.9 22.7 in 2018 21 20.4

Highest December mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
December
Ceduna AMO 16.2 17.1 in 1965 14.1
Mount Barker 13.0 13.4 in 1965 10.5
Oodnadatta Airport 24.3 25.5 in 1994 21.3



Record highest December mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
December
Yongala 24.2 23.3 in 2015 92 20.2
Ceduna AMO 24.1 23.6 in 2015 78 20.8
Oodnadatta Airport 32.9 = 32.9 in 1994 70 28.9
Woomera Aerodrome 29.5 28.2 in 2015 70 25.1
Elliston 22.9 22.5 in 2015 57 19.7
Andamooka 30.6 29.5 in 1972 50 27.1
Hawker 27.1 = 27.1 in 2018 45 24.0
Leigh Creek Airport 30.2 28.8 in 2018 36 26.1
Loxton Research Centre 24.4 = 24.4 in 2015 35 21.6
Nullarbor 23.6 23.0 in 2015 33 20.7
Coober Pedy Airport 31.5 29.2 in 2015 25 27.3
Moomba Airport 32.6 31.7 in 1997 24 29.6
Cleve Aerodrome 23.4 = 23.4 in 2015 23 20.7
Minnipa Pirsa 26.2 25.0 in 2015 23 22.4
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 30.3 28.7 in 2015 22 26.8
Tarcoola Aero 30.1 28.5 in 2015 22 25.8
Ernabella (Pukatja) 30.7 28.2 in 2018 21 26.3
Marree Aero 31.7 31.2 in 2018 21 28.3
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 24.2 24.1 in 2015 21 21.4
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 25.4 25.1 in 2015 20 22.7

Highest December mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
December
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 23.7 24.6 in 1898* 21.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for December 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
December
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
December
2019
Mean for
December
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
December
2019
Total for
December
2019
Average
for
December
Rank of
December
2019
Fraction of
December
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 39.2 +4.6 47.2 19th 22.0 +2.5 13.0 1st 9.2 18.6 average 49%
Coober Pedy Airport 39.7 +5.2 48.3 20th 23.3 +3.3 12.2 1st 0.4 19.1 v low 2%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 38.9 +5.6 45.1 24th 22.5 +3.3 11.9 1st 19.0 62.4 v low 30%
Mount Ive 37.1   48.5 19th     7.0 4th 1.3 16.5 low 8%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 38.9 +4.3 47.4 20th 21.7 +2.8 11.7 5th 0.2 15.2 v low 1%
Tarcoola Aero 39.2 +5.2 48.0 20th 21.0 +3.5 7.8 4th 0.4 19.8 v low 2%
Woomera Aerodrome 37.9 +5.4 48.2 20th 21.1 +3.4 12.4 1st 2.4 14.2 low 17%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 37.7 +4.8 45.3 19th 20.5 +2.6 11.8 5th
Leigh Creek Airport 38.3 +4.9 46.2 20th 22.0 +3.2 11.7 1st 0.6 21.8 v low 3%
Marree Aero 40.6 +4.4 48.0 19th 22.9 +2.5 14.2 4th 0.8 14.5 low 6%
Moomba Airport 40.4 +3.6 46.4 19th 24.8 +2.4 15.2 4th 10.8 13.6 average 79%
Oodnadatta Airport 41.6 +5.2 48.4 19th 24.3 +3.0 13.5 1st 5.0 17.2 low 29%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 32.0 +4.6 48.9 19th 16.2 +2.1 5.4 4th 1.6 20.5 v low 8%
Cleve 30.9 +4.1 45.9 20th 16.1 +2.0 8.3 1st 4.0 26.1 low 15%
Cleve Aerodrome 31.3 +3.9 46.6 20th 15.6 +1.6 8.2 4th 1.2 23.5 v low 5%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 25.5   41.4 17th 15.6   10.6 15th 10.8
Cultana (Defence) 35.2   47.0 19th 18.1   9.7 3rd 6.4
Cummins Aero 31.5 +3.0 45.3 19th 13.4 +0.3 4.9 5th 8.4 21.0 v low 40%
Elliston 29.5 +4.8 43.5 17th 16.3 +1.6 6.7 5th 4.0 16.6 low 24%
Kyancutta 35.8 +4.9 48.0 20th 14.6 +1.6 5.2 4th 5.5 20.4 low 27%
Minnipa Pirsa 35.5 +4.9 47.2 19th 16.9 +2.6 8.2 4th 6.4 18.9 low 34%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 27.5 +2.7 45.6 20th 14.4 +0.4 9.2 15th 6.6 18.1 low 36%
Nullarbor 31.4 +4.4 49.9 19th 15.8 +1.4 5.1 4th 0.2 15.5 low 1%
Port Augusta Aero 35.3 +3.0 48.5 19th 19.5 +2.2 11.2 1st 2.8 23.4 v low 12%
Streaky Bay 31.4 +4.0 47.1 19th 14.9 -0.1 9.1 13th 4.9 14.4 low 34%
Whyalla Aero 30.6 +2.2 45.8 20th 16.7 +0.7 9.9 5th 1.2 24.2 lowest 5%
Wudinna Aero 35.0 +3.7 48.4 19th 14.3 +0.7 4.1 4th 4.2 16.8 low 25%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 36.2 +4.2 46.1 19th 18.9 +2.9 9.8 4th 0.3 22.0 v low 1%
Yongala 33.6 +4.9 43.1 19th 15.0 +3.4 6.0 13th 3.0 24.5 v low 12%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 35.6 +4.1 48.6 20th 15.3 +1.5 7.5 7th 0.7 33.1 lowest 2%
Yunta Airstrip 34.8 +3.4 45.9 19th 15.5 +0.9 7.7 3rd 0.8 17.6 v low 5%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 32.1 +4.5 44.3 19th 14.4 +1.7 5.2 5th 10.8 37.5 low 29%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 34.5   47.5 19th 16.6   8.9 13th 3.8
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 34.3 +3.8 46.9 20th 14.0 +1.6 4.7 7th 8.0 27.9 low 29%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 26.4 +2.3 47.0 20th 15.2 +0.3 7.3 5th 3.8 16.3 v low 23%
Kadina AWS 32.9 +3.5 46.0 19th 14.7 +1.3 4.7 5th 12.8 29.2 low 44%
Minlaton Aero 31.1 +3.4 45.8 20th 14.5 +1.0 6.8 7th 3.0 18.8 v low 16%
Stenhouse Bay 25.4 +2.0 43.2 20th 15.4 +0.3 9.7 15th 4.4 16.5 v low 27%
Warooka 28.8 +3.2 40.9 18th 15.1 +1.3 10.5 5th 2.2 17.9 low 12%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 25.4 +2.6 40.0 18th 13.6 +0.6 6.5 7th
Cape Willoughby 22.4 +1.7 38.0 20th 15.1 +0.6 9.9 1st 2.0 23.0 v low 9%
Kingscote Aero 28.1 +3.0 42.3 20th 12.0 +1.0 4.5 7th 3.2 20.1 v low 16%
Parndana Cfs AWS 27.5   41.8 20th 12.2   5.2 15th 1.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.5 +4.2 45.2 19th 17.4 +1.7 9.4 7th 9.4 28.4 low 33%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 30.6 +3.8 45.3 19th 16.8 +1.7 8.6 7th 8.8 26.2 low 34%
Adelaide Airport 29.1 +3.2 43.9 19th 16.6 +2.0 9.3 7th 3.2 23.8 v low 13%
Edinburgh RAAF 31.5 +3.5 46.6 20th 16.7 +1.9 8.5 7th 6.2 25.1 low 25%
Parafield Airport 32.4 +4.5 46.7 20th 16.0 +1.1 7.4 7th 3.0 24.8 lowest 12%
Roseworthy AWS 32.8 +3.2 47.6 20th 14.0 +1.3 4.6 7th 10.0 25.7 v low 39%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 31.7 +4.2 44.7 20th 13.5 +1.0 4.0 13th 7.4 32.2 v low 23%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 32.6 +4.3 47.0 20th 15.2 +1.7 5.8 7th 11.8 24.1 average 49%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 26.5 +1.7 45.2 20th 15.3 +0.6 9.8 22nd 2.2 24.4 v low 9%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 27.5 +3.6 41.9 20th 14.1 +1.4 8.3 6th 18.0 35.3 low 51%
Mount Barker 29.9 +4.8 42.5 20th 13.0 +2.5 8.4 22nd 12.2 35.0 low 35%
Mount Crawford AWS 29.1 +4.0 42.0 20th 14.0 +1.8 6.6 7th 16.8 33.6 low 50%
Mount Lofty 26.4 +6.6 39.0 20th 13.1 +2.4 6.3 22nd 32.8 52.7 average 62%
Noarlunga 29.3 +2.8 43.4 19th 17.0 +1.6 8.8 7th 9.4 21.0 low 45%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 25.7 +3.9 40.3 20th 12.9 +0.8 7.1 7th 13.2 36.3 v low 36%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 25.8 +1.7 44.2 20th 13.2 +0.4 7.4 8th 3.2 27.7 v low 12%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 34.2 +4.3 47.3 20th 14.7 +1.5 7.4 5th 0 23.9 lowest 0%
Renmark Aero 34.5 +3.2 48.6 20th 15.8 +1.5 8.8 5th 2.4 22.3 low 11%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 30.9 +3.8 44.0 20th 13.9 +1.5 6.9 7th 25.0 26.6 average 94%
Meningie 27.9 +3.2 42.0 18th 14.4 +1.4 7.8 22nd 5.6 23.7 low 24%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 31.7 +2.8 48.1 20th 13.7 +1.2 5.4 5th 0 27.8 v low 0%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 29.1 +2.9 45.9 20th 13.9 +0.9 8.3 15th 1.0 23.1 lowest 4%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 32.5 +3.0 47.6 20th 13.9 +1.1 7.1 7th 3.2 24.8 v low 13%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 30.8 +3.1 47.8 20th 12.7 +0.7 4.8 7th 4.8 26.7 v low 18%
Keith (Munkora) 31.8 +2.8 49.2 20th 11.8 +1.2 1.2 7th 5.2 30.7 v low 17%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 32.9 +3.3 48.4 20th 13.0 +0.7 4.2 7th 5.8 26.9 v low 22%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 24.8 +1.9 40.1 20th 13.0 +0.6 7.3 22nd 1.0 22.3 lowest 4%
Coonawarra 27.9 +2.8 45.8 20th 11.3 +1.1 2.8 7th 5.4 36.4 lowest 15%
Mount Gambier Aero 25.7 +2.6 45.9 20th 10.7 +0.7 4.2 22nd 13.8 38.4 low 36%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 29.8 +2.4 47.7 20th 11.3 +1.2 3.2 22nd 12.2 36.5 low 33%
Padthaway South 29.3 +2.4 46.1 20th 12.1 +1.4 3.9 7th 7.0 32.0 v low 22%
Robe Airfield 24.6 +1.5 43.3 20th 12.4 +0.5 6.4 16th 3.0 31.4 v low 10%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 6 January 2020. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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