South Australia in February 2017: warm and dry in the northeast, wet in the west and south

February in South Australia saw warmer and drier than average conditions in northeast pastoral districts, but was wet with temperatures slightly cooler than average across agricultural areas and the southeast.

Drier than average in the northeast and wetter than average in the west and south

  • Overall, South Australia was slightly drier than average for February
  • Rainfall was confined to the western and southern parts of the State
  • Below average to very much below average rainfall across the northern and northeast pastoral districts
  • Northeastern South Australia had less than 1 mm of rain for the month
  • Many sites in the State's northeast pastoral district recorded no rainfall for the month
  • Above average to very much above average rainfall across agricultural districts
  • Large parts of the Western Agricultural district had more than 300% of their February average rainfall
  • Nullarbor recorded 67.6 mm in the month—more than 400% of the site's February average—making it the State's wettest site this month

Warmer than average overall

  • South Australia as a whole was warmer than average in February
  • Warmer than average in northeast pastoral districts
  • Average to cooler than average mean temperatures in the State's west and southeast
  • Tarcoola recorded 48.2 °C on 9 February, which was a late-season record for South Australia and equalled the February South Australian record of 48.2 °C set at Renmark on Black Saturday, 7 February 2009
  • At least 16 sites recorded 45 °C or above on 9 February, covering an area from Coober Pedy and Tarcoola in the west to Renmark and Loxton in the east
  • Prolonged heat across pastoral areas of South Australia in the first half of the month saw runs of extreme heat
  • Woomera had a record run of four consecutive days of 45 °C or above during the month, breaking the site's previous February record of two consecutive days in 2009
  • More information about the heatwaves that affected southeast Australia during January and February can be found in Special Climate Statement 61
  • From 8–10 February, nine sites across central and northern South Australia had their highest February temperature on record
  • Later in the month, some of those same sites had their lowest February temperature on record
  • On the 6th, Mount Crawford and Nuriootpa had their coldest February day (lowest maximum temperature) for more than 21 years
  • Moomba had its highest February mean daily maximum temperature on record

Strong winds at times

  • A cold front crossed southern parts of South Australia on the morning of the 22nd, bringing a northwest gust of 96 km/h to Hindmarsh Island, the strongest wind gust recorded in the State during February

Further information

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Extremes in February 2017
Hottest day 48.2 °C at Tarcoola Aero on the 9th
Warmest days on average 39.8 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 21.8 °C at Neptune Island
Coldest day 12.7 °C at Mount Lofty on the 6th
Coldest night 2.0 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 26th
Coolest nights on average 10.9 °C at Coonawarra
Warmest nights on average 24.6 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 31.3 °C at Moomba Airport on the 7th
Warmest on average overall 32.2 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 17.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 67.6 mm at Nullarbor
Driest overall 0 mm at Arkaroola
0 mm at Coober Pedy Airport
0 mm at Leigh Creek Airport
0 mm at Marree Aero
0 mm at Moomba Airport
0 mm at Woomera Aerodrome
Wettest day 52.0 mm at Owen on the 6th
Strongest wind gust 96 km/h at Hindmarsh Island AWS on the 22nd

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest February temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Kyancutta 46.8 on the 9th = 46.8 on the 12th in 1933 88 32.4
Woomera Aerodrome 46.8 on the 9th 46.2 on the 7th in 2009 68 33.8
Streaky Bay 44.0 on the 8th = 44.0 on the 11th in 2014 60 29.1
Kimba 44.8 on the 10th 44.5 on the 6th in 2009 50 31.1
Hawker 45.5 on the 9th 44.5 on the 7th in 2009 45 33.5
Coulta (Coles Point) 43.6 on the 8th 42.7 on the 1st in 2014 26 27.5
Moomba Airport 46.6 on the 8th 46.0 on the 4th in 2006 22 37.0
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 46.8 on the 9th 46.5 on the 6th in 2009 20 35.9
Tarcoola Aero 48.2 on the 9th 47.4 on the 7th in 2009 20 35.4



Record lowest February daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Mount Crawford AWS 14.6 on the 6th 14.7 on the 3rd in 2005 23 27.1
Nuriootpa Pirsa 16.6 on the 6th 16.8 on the 29th in 2012 21 29.6



Record highest February mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Moomba Airport 39.8 39.3 in 2015 21 37.0



Record lowest February temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Yongala 3.7 on the 20th 3.8 on the 28th in 1984 61 13.4
Hawker 9.0 on the 20th 9.4 on the 2nd in 2005 45 18.0
Coonawarra 2.2 on the 21st = 2.2 on the 7th in 2011 32 11.8
Kingscote Aero 4.8 on the 21st 5.3 on the 17th in 1998 23 13.6
Ernabella (Pukatja) 9.6 on the 20th 9.9 on the 2nd in 2005 20 20.4
Tarcoola Aero 9.1 on the 19th 10.0 on the 2nd in 2005 20 19.3



Summary statistics for February 2017
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
February
2017
Diff
from
average
Highest for
February
2017
Mean for
February
2017
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
February
2017
Total for
February
2017
Average
for
February
Rank of
February
2017
Fraction of
February
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 36.0 +0.3 46.7 9th 20.8 -0.5 13.8 19th 4.2 23.9 average 18%
Coober Pedy Airport 36.2 +0.7 46.4 9th 21.2 -0.4 12.9 19th 0 12.9 lowest 0%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 34.6 0.0 39.4 9th 19.7 -0.7 9.6 20th 1.0 30.9 average 3%
Mount Ive 33.2   47.6 9th 16.8   9.7 19th 10.4 14.0 average 74%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 35.9 0.0 46.8 9th 19.6 -0.8 12.5 19th 2.8 19.0 low 15%
Tarcoola Aero 34.5 -0.9 48.2 9th 17.9 -1.4 9.1 19th 6.2 23.8 average 26%
Woomera Aerodrome 34.2 +0.4 46.8 9th 19.5 +0.1 11.9 19th 0 19.6 lowest 0%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 35.0 +1.7 43.5 11th 19.4 0.0 12.5 22nd 0 38.2 lowest 0%
Leigh Creek Airport 36.3 +1.7 45.0 11th 20.5 0.0 12.7 20th 0 26.3 lowest 0%
Marree Aero 38.4 +1.3 46.3 11th 22.1 -0.1 14.9 20th 0 28.2 v low 0%
Moomba Airport 39.8 +2.8 46.6 8th 24.6 +1.0 15.8 20th 0 28.5 lowest 0%
Oodnadatta Airport 38.5 +1.9 45.4 8th 22.2 -0.2 12.9 20th 0.2 30.8 low 1%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Cleve 26.9 -0.8 43.0 8th 16.3 +0.2 11.5 20th 29.4 22.6 high 130%
Cleve Aerodrome 27.0 -1.5 44.0 8th 15.5 -0.9 11.8 19th 23.2 19.1 high 121%
Coulta (Coles Point) 26.3 -1.2 43.6 8th 15.2 -0.2 9.2 26th 5.6 15.4 average 36%
Cummins Aero 28.2   45.4 8th 14.6   8.0 24th 12.2 24.0 average 51%
Elliston 25.3 -0.3 43.3 8th 15.8 -0.1 10.2 27th 9.8 13.7 average 72%
Kimba 30.1 -1.0 44.8 10th 15.0 -1.1 9.0 19th 32.0 21.3 high 150%
Kyancutta 31.9 -0.5 46.8 9th 14.6 +0.2 7.4 20th 23.5 16.4 high 143%
Minnipa Pirsa 30.7 -1.7 43.7 9th 15.2 -0.9 10.0 20th 29.4 14.2 v high 207%
Neptune Island 21.8 -0.5 30.8 8th 16.9 +0.3 13.7 19th 8.0 14.4 average 56%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 25.3 -0.7 34.3 8th 15.5 -0.7 10.8 3rd 9.2 16.7 average 55%
Nullarbor 27.1 -0.6 40.7 8th 15.2 -0.9 8.2 20th 67.6 14.7 v high 460%
Port Augusta Aero 31.9 -1.4 47.2 9th 17.7 -1.2 6.8 19th 11.6 17.1 average 68%
Streaky Bay 28.4 -0.7 44.0 8th 15.9 -0.2 11.4 13th 17.4 15.0 high 116%
Whyalla Aero 28.8 -0.8 43.6 8th 17.8 -0.1 11.3 21st 21.4 23.6 high 91%
Wudinna Aero 31.3 -1.5 45.0 9th 13.8 -1.5 6.5 20th 21.0 16.3 high 129%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 34.0 +0.5 45.5 9th 17.8 -0.2 9.0 20th 2.0 21.0 low 10%
Yongala 30.7 +0.6 42.6 9th     3.7 20th 10.4 21.1 average 49%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 32.2 -0.6 47.0 9th 14.7 -0.8 7.6 21st 6.8 24.7 average 28%
Yunta Airstrip 33.2 +0.8 45.5 10th 15.6 -0.4 9.1 21st 3.6 20.2 average 18%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 28.4 -1.4 41.3 9th 14.2 -0.8 9.2 24th 36.2 26.1 high 139%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 31.6   45.0 8th 16.5   9.9 19th 28.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 30.9 -1.1 45.4 9th 13.2 -1.4 6.6 19th 33.8 21.2 high 159%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 25.1 0.0 35.3 8th 16.8 -0.3 12.9 15th 11.8 18.5 average 64%
Kadina AWS 29.2 -1.9 42.1 8th 14.6 -0.5 8.7 21st 38.2 14.1 high 271%
Minlaton Aero 27.8 -0.8 43.7 8th 14.9 -0.4 10.4 20th 18.4 19.1 average 96%
Stenhouse Bay 24.6 -0.2 43.5 8th 16.6 -0.5 12.2 21st 12.4 18.5 average 67%
Warooka 25.9 -1.2 40.2 8th 15.7 -0.3 11.6 21st 14.6 17.4 average 84%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 23.3 -1.2 35.8 8th 13.9 -0.5 9.4 27th 12.4 17.6 average 70%
Kingscote Aero 26.0 -0.5 39.7 8th 13.1 -0.5 4.8 21st 8.2 17.4 average 47%
Parndana Cfs AWS 25.7   41.1 8th 12.7   8.1 18th 10.0
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 28.7 -0.8 42.4 8th 17.0 -0.3 11.7 21st 33.4 15.9 high 210%
Adelaide Airport 27.2 -0.9 41.7 8th 16.6 +0.4 10.8 21st 29.6 19.0 high 156%
Edinburgh RAAF 28.4 -1.6 41.9 8th 15.9 -0.7 10.3 26th 33.4 18.4 high 182%
Parafield Airport 29.1 -0.3 42.2 8th 15.9 -0.5 10.4 21st 32.8 19.0 high 173%
Roseworthy AWS 29.2 -2.1 41.1 8th 13.9 -0.9 6.8 26th 39.0 21.2 high 184%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 28.1 -1.5 42.1 9th 14.1 -0.5 8.0 20th 38.0 26.6 high 143%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 29.3 -1.2 42.4 8th 14.6 -0.9 8.1 24th 41.2 18.8 high 219%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 24.4 -0.2 42.2 8th 15.4 -0.4 9.4 26th 25.8 18.4 high 140%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 24.2 -1.7 38.9 8th 13.3 -0.9 8.9 26th 28.0 24.4 average 115%
Mount Barker 26.2 -0.6 40.0 8th 12.7 +0.8 6.6 26th 34.6 25.7 high 135%
Mount Crawford AWS 25.6 -1.5 39.2 9th 13.0 -1.2 7.7 26th 33.0 25.9 high 127%
Mount Lofty 22.6 +0.4 36.2 8th 11.9 -1.1 7.2 26th 54.0
Noarlunga 26.8 -1.0 41.9 8th 16.5 -0.4 11.9 24th 14.2 19.6 average 72%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 22.4 -0.9 38.1 8th 13.2 -0.7 9.8 19th 41.2 31.7 high 130%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 24.6 +0.5 41.9 8th 14.2 -0.4 6.9 21st 19.2 25.3 average 76%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 31.1 -0.4 46.6 9th 14.4 -0.1 7.9 20th 32.2 19.1 high 169%
Renmark Aero 31.9 -0.9 47.1 9th 15.3 -0.8 8.7 21st 10.6 21.3 average 50%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 28.5 -0.6 41.5 9th 13.8 -0.5 7.8 21st 34.6 22.6 high 153%
Meningie 25.8 -0.6 39.0 8th 14.4 +0.4 8.0 21st 28.6 17.3 high 165%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 28.3 -1.6 42.2 8th 13.5 -0.9 5.2 21st 27.4 21.5 high 127%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 26.2 -1.3 40.8 8th 14.1 -0.5 6.5 26th 21.6 22.4 average 96%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 29.0 -1.7 41.6 8th 13.6 -0.5 7.5 26th 35.4 19.9 high 178%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 28.9 -1.0 42.0 8th 12.8 -0.4 5.6 26th 11.8 20.1 average 59%
Keith (Munkora) 29.5 -0.8 43.0 8th 11.1 -0.9 2.0 26th 10.4 12.3 average 85%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 29.9 -1.2 42.1 8th 12.6 -1.1 4.8 20th 26.2 12.7 high 206%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 23.7 -0.8 36.5 8th 13.4 -0.3 7.4 21st 15.4 17.3 average 89%
Coonawarra 26.6 -1.0 39.0 8th 10.9 -0.9 2.2 21st 17.6 17.9 average 98%
Mount Gambier Aero 25.4 +0.1 38.9 8th 11.5 -0.2 4.0 21st 30.4 26.0 average 117%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 27.7 -1.7 40.4 8th 11.5 -0.3 4.3 21st 15.8 19.0 average 83%
Padthaway South 27.7 -1.0 40.8 8th 11.3 -1.1 3.7 26th 13.0 16.9 average 77%
Robe Airfield 23.9 -0.4 37.3 8th 12.8 0.0 4.8 21st 20.0 23.3 average 86%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 12 pm on Wednesday 1 March 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries