South Australia in November 2016: Dry for most of the State, cool nights across the south-central districts

South Australia had a mostly dry November with mild day time temperatures and cool nights in the south-central district. Rainfall was below average, particularly in the west, with eastern districts recording closer to average rainfall totals.

Below average rainfall in the west

  • A lack of rain-bearing systems throughout the month resulted in below average for most of the State, resulting in the driest November since 1996
  • November rainfall for South Australia was 52% below average, with large areas of the western districts recording less than 40% of the long term November average
  • Little rainfall across western districts, saw some locations have their driest November for at least 20 years
  • During the middle of the month, a low pressure system and an associated trough brought widespread rain with daily totals mostly in the 10 to 30 mm range across southern districts; Mount Crawford reported its wettest November day since November 2006.

Mild days, cool nights

  • Daytime temperatures were mild for most of South Australia, with southern parts of the state experiencing mostly cooler than average nights
  • Several coastal and central locations reported their coolest November nights in more than 20 years

Intense thunderstorms in pastoral district

  • Severe thunderstorms developed over northern districts on the 10th, producing a wind gust of 124 km/hr at Moomba Airport

Further information

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Extremes in November 2016
Hottest day 43.8 °C at Marree Aero on the 11th
Warmest days on average 34.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 18.1 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)
Coldest day 10.4 °C at Mount Lofty on the 13th
Coldest night -1.1 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 24th
Coolest nights on average 6.4 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 18.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Warmest night 26.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 11th
26.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 21st
Warmest on average overall 26.4 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 71.6 mm at Verdun
Wettest day 48.6 mm at Palmer on the 12th
Strongest wind gust 124 km/h at Moomba Airport on the 10th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest November daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Mount Crawford AWS 28.2 on the 13th =28.2 on the 12th in 2006 23



Highest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
November
Palmer 60.0 77.0 in 1992* 25.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Coober Pedy Airport 1.2 = 1.2 in 1994 23 11.8

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Blinman 1.4 0.0 in 1984* 22.3
Arno Bay 4.4 1.0 in 1990 21.4
Cleve 8.8 2.8 in 1990 27.3
Penong 4.2 0.0 in 1990 18.7
Wirrulla 3.8 0.6 in 1990* 18.5
Mount Ive 3.8 1.6 in 1993 18.2
Hawker 1.2 0.4 in 1994 22.9
Hawker (Wilson) 1.0 0.0 in 1994 23.7
Streaky Bay 8.2 6.4 in 1994 18.6
Elliston 6.0 0.2 in 1996 19.4
Kimba 4.0 3.4 in 1996 22.9
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 10.8 6.4 in 1996 41.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Lowest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.6 19.5 in 1994 21.4



Record lowest November temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Arkaroola 4.8 on the 1st 6.5 on the 3rd in 2014 39 15.5
Cleve Aerodrome 4.1 on the 2nd 4.9 on the 3rd in 2003 21 12.4



Record lowest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 8.6 8.8 in 1996 54 11.3
Adelaide (Kent Town) 12.1 12.3 in 2001 39 14.1
Coulta (Coles Point) 10.0 10.1 in 1999 24 12.2
Edithburgh 11.8 12.0 in 1994 23 13.4
Kingscote Aero 8.3 8.5 in 1999 22 9.7
Cleve Aerodrome 10.1 10.9 in 1999 20 12.4
Stenhouse Bay 12.5 12.6 in 2001 20 13.8

Lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Streaky Bay 11.9 =11.9 in 1971* 13.4
Ceduna AMO 11.0 10.5 in 1974 12.3
Edinburgh RAAF 10.7 10.1 in 1974 12.9
Elliston 11.9 11.5 in 1974 13.1
Kyancutta 8.7 8.0 in 1974 10.9
Parafield Airport 10.8 10.3 in 1974 12.8
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 10.2 10.1 in 1992 12.2
Cleve 11.4 10.9 in 1992* 12.3
Mount Crawford AWS 8.6 8.2 in 1994 10.8
Clare High School 8.6 8.4 in 1996 10.9
Kimba 10.8 10.6 in 1996 12.0
Nullarbor 11.3 10.9 in 1996 12.5
Nuriootpa Pirsa 8.5 8.3 in 1996 11.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record lowest November mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Coulta (Coles Point) 16.4 = 16.4 in 1996 24 18.3

Lowest November mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Elliston 17.0 16.5 in 1992 18.3
Streaky Bay 18.2 17.4 in 1992* 19.5
Edinburgh RAAF 17.6 17.5 in 1996 19.4
Mount Crawford AWS 14.8 13.9 in 1996 16.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for November 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2016
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2016
Total for
November
2016
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2016
Fraction of
November
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 32.3 +0.4 42.3 11th 16.4 -0.7 12.0 1st 0.2 14.1 v low 1%
Coober Pedy Airport 32.7 +0.6 42.0 21st 16.4 -1.4 10.6 14th 1.2 11.8 lowest 10%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 31.6 +0.1 39.2 21st 15.8 -1.2 10.4 1st 17.0 22.7 average 75%
Mount Ive 30.4   37.5 11th 10.6   5.0 2nd 3.8 18.2 low 21%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 32.7 +0.5 42.6 21st 14.8 -1.8 9.2 16th 0.4 14.3 low 3%
Tarcoola Aero 31.9 +0.2 40.1 29th 13.6 -2.1 7.2 14th 1.6 18.7 v low 9%
Woomera Aerodrome 31.3 +1.4 42.2 21st 14.9 -0.5 10.0 15th 1.4 16.4 low 9%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 30.9 +0.7 39.0 21st 13.8 -1.7 4.8 1st 3.3 17.4 average 19%
Leigh Creek Airport 32.1 +1.3 41.6 11th 14.8 -1.4 7.5 1st 3.2 18.1 low 18%
Marree Aero 34.5 +0.8 43.8 11th 16.1 -1.8 8.7 1st 0.2 14.3 v low 1%
Moomba Airport 34.1 -0.1 40.7 21st 17.8 -1.8 11.1 1st 16.6 20.0 average 83%
Oodnadatta Airport 34.7 +0.9 43.7 7th 18.0 -0.7 11.3 1st 10.8 12.6 average 86%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.8 -0.2 37.3 17th 11.0 -1.3 3.3 3rd 0 18.9 lowest 0%
Cleve 24.3 -0.6 36.5 20th 11.4 -0.9 5.5 2nd 8.8 27.3 low 32%
Cleve Aerodrome 24.5 -1.4 37.5 20th 10.1 -2.3 4.1 2nd 7.4 21.1 low 35%
Coulta (Coles Point) 22.7 -1.6 32.4 11th 10.0 -2.2 4.7 9th 7.0 15.0 low 47%
Cummins Aero 25.3   36.3 20th 8.6   1.5 4th 6.4 19.3 v low 33%
Elliston 21.9 -1.7 31.3 16th 11.9 -1.2 6.4 9th 6.0 19.4 low 31%
Kimba 28.3 +1.1 36.5 20th 10.8 -1.2 5.0 2nd 4.0 22.9 low 17%
Kyancutta 29.6 +0.9 38.6 20th 8.7 -2.2 2.5 2nd 7.1 21.0 low 34%
Minnipa Pirsa 28.2 -0.6 37.2 17th 10.6 -2.0 5.4 2nd 5.8 16.5 low 35%
Neptune Island 18.3 -0.9 26.3 17th 13.1 -0.5 11.3 1st 9.2 18.5 average 50%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 21.9 -1.2 34.1 17th 10.2 -2.0 4.7 3rd 9.6 17.5 average 55%
Nullarbor 25.1 -1.0 38.7 16th 11.3 -1.2 3.9 9th 6.2 17.0 average 36%
Port Augusta Aero 29.9 -0.6 42.3 21st 13.7 -1.9 9.0 1st 5.6 19.4 low 29%
Streaky Bay 24.9 -0.8 33.5 16th 11.9 -1.5 7.0 3rd 8.2 18.6 average 44%
Whyalla Aero 26.1 -0.5 39.9 11th 12.6 -1.4 6.6 1st 4.2 21.6 low 19%
Wudinna Aero 29.5 -0.1 38.6 20th 8.0 -3.9 1.2 23rd 3.8 14.1 low 27%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 30.6 +1.2 40.5 21st 12.3 -1.3 5.0 15th 1.2 22.9 low 5%
Yongala 25.8 0.0 36.7 21st 7.9 -1.3 0.8 2nd 16.8 27.7 average 61%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 28.6 -0.7 41.4 21st 9.9 -2.3 4.0 2nd 16.6 28.5 average 58%
Yunta Airstrip 28.7 +0.1 39.5 21st 10.5 -2.1 3.7 1st 15.6 28.2 low 55%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 24.4 -0.6 35.2 21st 8.6 -2.3 3.0 24th 27.6 36.7 average 75%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 28.0   39.0 11th 10.6   4.3 1st 4.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 27.1 -1.3 38.1 20th 8.2 -2.2 1.9 24th 16.6 27.7 low 60%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.6 -0.9 36.1 17th 11.8 -1.6 4.2 3rd 10.4 17.5 average 59%
Kadina AWS 26.1 -1.9 37.8 20th 8.7 -2.7 1.6 24th 5.0 15.9 low 31%
Maitland 25.3 +0.4 36.5 20th     5.5 2nd 21.6 27.8 average 78%
Minlaton Aero 25.0 -1.0 36.4 17th 9.1 -2.9 3.8 3rd 17.8 22.0 average 81%
Stenhouse Bay 20.5 -1.5 33.6 17th 12.5 -1.3 8.7 4th 11.2 20.5 low 55%
Warooka 22.7 -0.8 34.2 20th 11.7 -0.3 7.4 3rd 9.0 22.3 low 40%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.2 -2.0 28.7 20th 9.9 -1.9 6.5 24th 10.6 29.5 v low 36%
Kingscote Aero 21.5 -1.6 30.7 17th 8.3 -1.4 3.1 3rd 33.8 22.7 high 149%
Parndana Cfs AWS 19.9   30.9 20th 8.0   3.2 24th 12.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.7 -0.6 36.1 20th 12.1 -2.0 8.1 3rd 33.2 29.6 average 112%
Adelaide Airport 22.7 -1.3 35.2 20th 12.2 -0.6 8.4 24th 29.2 24.7 average 118%
Edinburgh RAAF 24.4 -1.5 35.8 17th 10.7 -2.2 5.0 24th 20.6 23.9 average 86%
Parafield Airport 25.1 -0.3 36.3 20th 10.8 -2.0 3.9 24th 19.6 26.1 average 75%
Roseworthy AWS 25.6 -2.1 38.0 21st 7.8 -3.0 1.2 24th 11.8 25.4 low 46%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 24.2 -1.1 35.8 21st 8.5 -2.5 2.3 2nd 22.8 31.3 low 73%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 25.3 -0.6 37.7 21st 8.6 -2.7 2.5 3rd 13.0 28.2 average 46%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 21.4 -2.0 33.2 21st 12.2 -1.0 8.9 3rd 19.6 19.9 average 98%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.7 -1.2 31.9 20th 9.6 -1.6 6.4 3rd 35.2 34.7 average 101%
Mount Barker 23.2 +0.6 34.3 20th 9.3 +0.4 5.0 2nd 47.6 39.6 average 120%
Mount Crawford AWS 20.9 -1.5 32.2 21st 8.6 -2.2 4.6 24th 41.6 31.1 high 134%
Mount Lofty 18.7 +1.2 29.4 20th 8.0 -1.1 4.2 24th 56.8
Noarlunga 22.8 -2.1 34.9 20th 12.0 -2.1 7.6 24th 16.0 22.0 average 73%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.1 -1.4 31.1 20th 9.7 -1.0 6.6 9th 10.8 41.1 v low 26%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 20.5 -2.1 31.5 17th 10.2 -1.4 5.4 4th 16.8 29.6 average 57%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 27.7 +0.1 39.8 21st 9.7 -1.6 3.3 1st 12.8 21.3 average 60%
Renmark Aero 28.1 -1.0 41.9 21st 10.7 -1.7 4.0 2nd 22.6 21.2 average 107%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 24.2 -0.4 35.3 21st 8.8 -1.6 4.8 2nd 29.2 29.8 average 98%
Meningie 22.5 -0.6 35.5 20th 10.8 -0.5 5.8 24th 12.0 27.3 low 44%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 25.4 -1.9 39.1 21st 8.4 -2.4 2.0 24th 16.2 19.5 average 83%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.6 -1.9 35.3 20th 10.1 -1.2 6.1 4th 25.8 25.9 average 100%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 25.9 -1.8 38.4 21st 8.7 -2.5 2.9 3rd 28.2 23.9 average 118%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 24.0 -1.0 37.0 20th 8.9 -1.1 2.8 24th 22.4 31.5 average 71%
Keith (Munkora) 24.1 -2.9 38.1 20th 6.4 -2.3 -1.1 24th 24.4 29.5 average 83%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 26.2 -1.4 38.6 21st 7.7 -2.9 2.5 24th 33.8 29.0 average 117%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.6 -1.8 30.6 20th 10.3 -0.4 5.5 4th 18.4 25.8 average 71%
Coonawarra 21.1 -1.6 32.3 17th 8.8 0.0 1.6 8th 27.0 34.5 average 78%
Mount Gambier Aero 19.5 -1.0 31.0 17th 8.2 -0.2 2.0 28th 49.6 46.2 average 107%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 21.8 -3.0 33.4 20th 8.3 -0.2 2.3 8th 24.6 33.8 average 73%
Padthaway South 22.0 -2.7 34.7 21st 8.2 -1.5 1.3 8th 23.4 28.5 average 82%
Robe Airfield 19.1 -2.3 30.3 17th 10.1 -0.3 3.2 9th 15.8 31.0 low 51%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries