South Australia in July 2014: Strong cold fronts, though mild overall and drier in the northeast

Both maximum (+0.8 °C) and minimum (+0.4 °C) temperatures were above average for South Australia during July, with cooler days and warmer than average nights across southern parts of the State. Minimum temperatures were cooler across the northeast parts of the state, associated with below average rainfall and generally warmer days for pastoral districts. Rainfall was below average across the state as a whole, though tended average to above average for some southern agricultural districts.

Vigorous cold fronts delivered the heaviest rainfall to most parts of the state between the 8th and 11th, the 17th and 18th and again on the 24th. The cold fronts were also associated with very strong winds and isolated thunderstorms, particularly across southern parts of the state. Wind gusts reached 117 km/h at Port Lincoln on the 8th. A fast moving front crossed the central and eastern parts of the state on the 17th, with an associated rainband and thunderstorms producing small hail and isolated showers. Another strong cold front to the south of the Great Australian Bight produced isolated squally showers and strong wind gusts for southern districts on the 31st.

  • Warmer nights but cool days across southern districts
  • Average rainfall across southern parts,dry in the northeast
  • Strong cold fronts bring damaging winds

Further information

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Extremes in July 2014
Hottest day 27.5 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 28th
27.5 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 31st
Warmest days on average 20.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 9.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 5.7 °C at Mount Lofty on the 9th
Coldest night -5.2 °C at Yunta Airstrip on the 13th
Coolest nights on average 2.7 °C at Arkaroola
Warmest nights on average 11.7 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 23rd
Warmest on average overall 13.4 °C at Neptune Island
Coolest on average overall 7.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 261.4 mm at Uraidla
Driest overall 0 mm at Moomba Airport
0 mm at Spicer Flat
Wettest day 48.0 mm at Uraidla on the 9th
Highest wind gust 117 km/h at North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) on the 8th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest July daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in July 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for July
Years of
record
Cummins 37.6 on the 9th 36.6 on the 17th in 1958 101



Highest total July rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Most recent July
at least this wet
Years since
wetter
Average for
July
Ungarra 80.4 83.1 in 1984* 25 60.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest total July rainfall
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Previous driest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Saddleworth 1.8 5.9 in 1899 141 58.5
Blanchetown Lock 1 4.4 4.5 in 1997 47 27.7
Moomba Airport 0.0 = 0.0 in 2013 20 15.9

Lowest total July rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Most recent July
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
July
Wirrabara Forest 11.6 9.9 in 1924* 89 85.9
Andamooka 0.2 0.0 in 1977 37 12.4
Blinman (Moolooloo) 1.4 0.4 in 1982 32 31.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.







Summary statistics for July 2014
Maximum temperatures
for July
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for July
(°C)
Rainfall
for July
(millimetres)
Mean for
July
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
July
2014
Mean for
July
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
July
2014
Total for
July
2014
Average
for
July
Rank of
July
2014
Fraction of
July
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 19.1 +0.7 25.6 31st 5.7 -0.3 2.5 21st 0.2 12.4 v low 2%
Coober Pedy Airport 19.0   25.3 28th 5.6   1.8 10th 3.0 5.1 average 59%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 18.7   25.3 28th 3.3   -1.8 10th 11.4
Mount Ive 16.7   22.0 30th 5.1   -1.5 18th 21.8 23.9 average 91%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 19.2   26.1 31st 4.0   -1.1 2nd 0.4
Tarcoola Aero 19.3   25.0 28th 5.0   -0.5 6th 10.2
Woomera Aerodrome 18.1 +1.2 25.0 28th 5.8 0.0 2.5 18th 2.4 15.0 low 16%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 17.5 +1.0 23.1 29th 2.7 -0.6 -1.4 11th 1.8 15.0 low 12%
Leigh Creek Airport 17.7 +1.1 24.6 31st 4.3 -0.4 0.8 7th 0.6 16.8 v low 4%
Marree Aero 19.8   27.0 31st 4.0   0.2 11th 0.8
Moomba Airport 20.0   26.7 31st 4.8   0.7 11th 0 15.9 lowest 0%
Oodnadatta Airport 20.9 +1.3 27.5 31st 5.5 -0.3 0.4 6th 0.6 9.7 average 6%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 17.7 +0.3 22.9 27th 6.5 +0.7 2.4 26th 30.0 39.9 average 75%
Cleve 15.3 0.0 20.6 27th 8.2 +1.1 4.5 13th 47.8 46.3 average 103%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.5   20.5 27th 8.3   3.2 13th 36.8 43.9 average 84%
Cummins Aero 15.2   19.3 27th 6.7   1.8 18th 92.2
Elliston 16.4 0.0 20.5 22nd 9.0 +1.2 2.4 13th 89.6 70.9 high 126%
Kimba 15.1 -0.4 20.0 27th 5.2 +0.2 2.5 3rd 30.8 41.5 average 74%
Kyancutta 17.1 0.0 21.7 27th 6.0 +1.3 0.2 13th 45.0 40.5 average 111%
Minnipa Pirsa 15.6   20.2 27th 6.4   2.2 18th 67.0
Neptune Island 15.2 -0.1 17.4 8th 11.7 +0.4 7.7 9th 76.6 76.2 average 101%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 15.8 -0.3 19.2 27th 7.9 +0.4 4.6 22nd 56.8 57.3 average 99%
Nullarbor 18.3 +0.1 24.5 27th 5.9 +0.8 0.9 5th 27.8 27.4 average 101%
Port Augusta Aero 18.1   23.7 28th 3.7   -0.5 22nd 8.2
Streaky Bay 17.1 +0.6 20.2 28th 9.4 +1.0 2.7 13th 70.7 61.3 high 115%
Whyalla Aero 17.8 +0.9 23.5 28th 5.2 0.0 -0.1 13th 13.0 23.7 low 55%
Wudinna Aero 16.4   20.9 27th 6.4   0.3 13th 46.8
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.9 0.0 21.0 28th 2.9 -0.8 -1.0 26th 14.8 33.8 low 44%
Yongala 13.1 +0.3 18.2 31st 3.0 +0.8 -1.8 18th 25.6 39.6 average 65%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 17.2   22.7 28th 3.5   -3.9 13th 11.1
Yunta Airstrip 16.0   22.3 28th 3.1   -5.2 13th 4.6
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 12.8   16.7 22nd 5.2   -0.2 19th 77.2 67.4 average 115%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 16.6   21.5 28th 6.2   0.4 18th
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 14.8   18.2 31st 4.8   -0.8 13th 48.8
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.0 0.0 17.4 30th 7.9 +0.4 4.3 22nd 70.8 46.8 high 151%
Kadina AWS 14.8   17.8 31st 5.8   -0.3 13th 42.4
Maitland 14.3 0.0 18.0 22nd 7.8 +0.8 4.5 13th 67.6 65.9 average 103%
Minlaton Aero 14.4   17.8 22nd 7.4   1.0 18th 47.0
Stenhouse Bay 15.4   18.2 30th 9.6   6.1 20th 68.2
Warooka 14.9 -0.1 18.4 22nd 8.2 +0.6 4.5 18th 60.4 65.7 average 92%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.2   16.4 30th 9.4   5.1 12th 109.0
Cape Willoughby 14.5 +0.3 17.3 30th 10.3 +0.5 7.3 17th 70.8 81.7 average 87%
Kingscote Aero 15.4   18.4 30th 7.2   2.7 22nd 67.2 66.0 average 102%
Parndana Cfs AWS 13.7   16.0 1st 7.2   4.0 13th 99.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 15.3 0.0 19.0 22nd 8.2 +0.7 2.3 18th 99.6 75.9 high 131%
Adelaide Airport 15.1 +0.2 18.4 22nd 7.8 +0.8 2.0 18th 71.0 59.7 high 119%
Edinburgh RAAF 15.2 -0.1 18.3 22nd 7.0 +1.0 1.3 18th 73.6 53.5 high 138%
Parafield Airport 15.5 +0.4 18.7 8th 7.0 +0.7 0.7 18th 82.8 58.8 high 141%
Roseworthy AWS 15.1   18.3 22nd 6.4   -0.1 18th 47.6
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 13.1   17.2 8th 5.7   -0.8 13th 78.0
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 14.6 -0.1 18.2 8th 6.3 +0.8 0.0 18th 90.3 59.3 high 152%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.1   18.4 8th 8.6   4.8 20th 54.2
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 12.2   16.7 22nd 7.1   4.3 14th 129.4
Mount Barker 13.4 +0.5 17.3 22nd 6.0 +1.5 1.8 22nd 166.2 107.0 v high 155%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 10.6   14.4 22nd 5.9   2.1 13th 157.6 96.8 high 163%
Mount Lofty 9.1   13.9 22nd 5.2   1.6 13th 207.2
Noarlunga 14.6   16.9 22nd 8.9   4.8 18th 67.6
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 11.8   14.8 22nd 7.4   4.3 14th 139.0 126.5 average 110%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 15.5   18.0 8th 7.5   2.2 7th 91.8
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.1 +0.3 21.3 31st 4.4 +0.6 -2.8 13th 10.0 27.7 low 36%
Renmark Aero 16.8   22.6 31st 4.0   -3.8 13th 6.4
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 12.6 -0.5 17.0 8th 5.6 +0.6 0.9 13th 57.8 51.2 average 113%
Meningie 14.7 -0.3 17.3 30th 7.4 +0.7 3.4 22nd 85.3 61.7 high 138%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 14.9   18.0 30th 5.1   -0.6 22nd 42.2
Strathalbyn Racecourse 14.8   18.6 8th 7.6   2.0 22nd 63.6
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 15.1   18.2 27th 5.0   -0.1 13th 34.2 35.0 average 98%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 14.8 -0.2 18.0 30th 5.8 +0.3 -1.0 13th 49.5 55.2 average 90%
Keith (Munkora) 14.7   17.3 30th 5.2   -2.3 13th 53.0
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 14.2   17.8 31st 4.6   0.1 13th 25.2
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.1 +0.1 16.5 30th 8.1 +0.6 2.8 22nd 70.0 80.5 average 87%
Coonawarra 13.8 -0.1 16.8 28th 5.6 +0.5 -0.3 19th 67.0 79.4 low 84%
Mount Gambier Aero 13.4 +0.2 16.8 28th 6.1 +0.9 0.9 23rd 81.6 99.5 average 82%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.1   17.1 30th 5.9   0.3 18th 61.0
Padthaway South 14.2   16.9 28th 5.7   -0.2 13th 60.0
Robe Airfield 14.7   16.8 30th 6.8   1.5 22nd 87.6

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Friday 1 August 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries