South Australia in January 2016: Warm start to the year

Intermittent thunderstorm activity produced patchy rainfall that was focussed in central and northern South Australia for the first half of January. The second half of the month saw widespread thunderstorm activity across the State extend further south, and a strong cold front ended the month with milder conditions. Temperatures tended to stay warmer than average, though not extremely so.

  • Generally warmer than average nights
  • Warm days in the south
  • Cooler than average in a small area of the Far North
  • Average to above average rainfall for most areas despite a drier than normal start to the month

Despite a generally drier than normal first half of the month, many locations finished with average to above average rainfall for the month. Parts of southern pastoral areas, and the lower southeast districts tended to be drier for the month. In early January, heavy rain and hail was reported in the Flinders Ranges, the northeast and southeast of the State. In the 24 hours to 9am on 1 January, Kalamurina in the State's north reported its highest January daily rainfall on record with further rainfall resulting in a 2-day total of 179.4 mm (compared to a January monthly average for the site of 24.2 mm). Widespread thunderstorm activity produced daily totals of 10 to 30 mm across the agricultural districts on the 22 January. Similar daily totals were recorded in the last few days of the month across the central and eastern parts of the agricultural areas from a cold frontal system. More than a dozen sites had their wettest January for at least 20 years.

For South Australia as a whole, January mean temperatures were 0.83 °C warmer than normal. Despite a milder first week of the month, and a cold front on the last few days bringing cooler conditions, both daytime and night time temperatures were above average (0.38 °C and 1.28 °C above average respectively) for South Australia as a whole. Hot temperatures in early to mid-January resulted in total fire bans for many areas and lightning strikes started bushfires on Kangaroo Island and in the Clare Valley. The agricultural areas and the southern pastoral districts tended to be warmer than average by 1 to 2 °C, with the Far North up to 1 °C cooler than average due to increased tropical cloud.

Strong winds on 21 January saw Cleve Aerodrome record 106 km/h, the site's strongest ever recorded maximum wind gust in January (Cleve's previous January record was 83 km/h on 3 January, 2005).

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in January 2016
Hottest day 45.5 °C at Nullarbor on the 12th
Warmest days on average 37.2 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 21.9 °C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day 12.4 °C at Mount Lofty on the 29th
Coldest night 4.8 °C at Padthaway South on the 15th
Coolest nights on average 12.3 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average 24.3 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 31.8 °C at Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) on the 13th
Warmest on average overall 30.7 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 18.9 °C at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)
Wettest overall 179.4 mm at Kalamurina
Driest overall 0 mm at Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)
Wettest day 130.8 mm at Kalamurina on the 1st
Strongest wind gust 113 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 29th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest January daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Mount Bold Reservoir 39.0 on the 30th 34.2 on the 15th in 1977 65
Kalamurina 130.8 on the 1st 70.2 on the 10th in 2015 32



Record highest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Adelaide (Kent Town) 52.8 42.2 in 1996 39 20.2
Blackwood (Wittunga) 57.3 56.3 in 2007 37 23.8
Kalamurina 179.4 108.9 in 1885 31 24.2

Highest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
January
Tarlee 91.2 139.7 in 1941 21.2
Uraidla 101.8 110.5 in 1941* 34.2
Adelaide (Glen Osmond) 62.8 80.9 in 1963 22.9
Keith 64.8 86.4 in 1963 19.4
Myponga 51.8 73.3 in 1963* 23.6
Hahndorf 73.2 79.5 in 1972* 26.9
Meadows 70.4 89.0 in 1972* 28.7
Port Vincent 35.4 47.8 in 1974* 12.6
Burnside 60.6 68.5 in 1904* 20.0
Mount Bold Reservoir 64.6 66.8 in 1994 24.0
Maitland 46.8 65.1 in 1972* 17.4
Oodnadatta Airport 43.8 55.0 in 1995 23.1
Clarendon 61.4 76.6 in 1994* 26.4
North Adelaide 43.2 49.8 in 1996 21.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest January total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Wrattonbully (Joeville) 2.0 2.6 in 2000 49 28.1

Lowest January total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
January
Millicent 1.2 0.5 in 1912 25.5
Lameroo (Desford) 1.2 =1.2 in 1980* 20.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest January temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
January
Stenhouse Bay 11.2 on the 29th 11.3 on the 23rd in 2009 20 16.7



Summary statistics for January 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
January
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
January
2016
Mean for
January
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
January
2016
Total for
January
2016
Average
for
January
Rank of
January
2016
Fraction of
January
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 36.5 0.0 45.0 12th 21.9 +0.6 14.6 15th 7.3 18.1 average 40%
Coober Pedy Airport 36.3 -0.4 43.4 11th 21.8 -0.4 14.4 15th 2.6 12.9 average 20%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 34.1 -1.4 38.1 6th 20.1 -1.0 14.4 15th 46.4 23.5 high 197%
Mount Ive 34.2   42.5 12th 17.5   10.5 30th 29.2 14.1 high 207%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 36.5 -0.7 44.5 12th 21.4 +0.3 13.7 16th 0 12.0 v low 0%
Tarcoola Aero 36.0 -0.8 44.4 12th 20.7 +0.9 14.1 31st 0.4 10.8 low 4%
Woomera Aerodrome 35.3 +0.7 42.8 11th 20.8 +1.3 13.8 15th 0.6 15.6 low 4%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 34.4 +0.1 42.0 12th 21.2 +1.1 11.9 31st 3.4 34.5 low 10%
Leigh Creek Airport 35.3 -0.3 43.6 12th 20.5 -0.3 12.9 31st 30.4 22.0 high 138%
Marree Aero 36.6 -2.3 43.5 12th 22.3 -0.7 14.5 31st 20.0 17.0 average 118%
Moomba Airport 37.2 -1.4 43.7 20th 24.3 -0.2 16.3 31st 21.4 14.7 high 146%
Oodnadatta Airport 36.5 -1.4 43.4 11th 22.4 -0.6 14.4 16th 43.8 23.1 high 190%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 28.9 +0.3 41.4 18th 17.0 +1.8 10.8 17th 12.0 11.6 average 103%
Cleve 28.8 +0.5 38.5 19th 17.3 +1.7 12.5 29th 38.8 15.8 v high 246%
Cleve Aerodrome 29.3 +0.2 39.5 19th 16.4 +0.4 11.2 8th 39.0 15.7 high 248%
Coulta (Coles Point) 28.3 +1.0 39.9 19th 16.1 +1.1 10.2 15th 13.2 15.1 average 87%
Cummins Aero 30.1   40.6 19th 16.1   11.4 29th 3.8
Elliston 25.8 0.0 39.1 19th     13.8 15th 4.2 10.2 average 41%
Kimba 31.6 +0.1 40.0 11th 16.7 +1.0 11.2 30th 9.4 17.1 average 55%
Kyancutta 33.6 +0.6 42.1 12th 16.3 +1.9 7.9 15th 28.3 14.1 high 201%
Minnipa Pirsa 32.9 -0.2 41.6 12th 16.5 +0.6 10.1 15th 4.2 9.2 low 46%
Neptune Island 22.7 +0.6 29.1 19th 17.2 +1.0 13.5 29th 21.0 12.7 high 165%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 26.9 +0.8 37.1 19th 16.9 +1.2 11.5 17th 8.2 15.2 average 54%
Nullarbor 28.8 +0.9 45.5 12th 17.6 +1.8 10.8 31st 4.0 11.3 average 35%
Streaky Bay 29.3 0.0 39.2 12th 17.8 +1.7 12.8 15th 8.8 10.7 average 82%
Whyalla Aero 31.1 +1.0 42.0 13th 19.2 +1.5 14.0 30th 38.4 16.9 high 227%
Wudinna Aero 33.6 +0.2 41.8 19th 16.5 +1.0 7.1 15th 10.4 11.6 average 90%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 35.0 +0.7 42.0 12th 18.8 +0.7 9.5 31st 13.6 20.0 average 68%
Yongala       15.5 +2.0 8.8 15th 43.8 22.9 high 191%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 33.9 +0.1 43.3 13th 16.4 +0.6 9.4 16th 50.6 18.8 high 269%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 30.2 0.0 38.1 12th 15.7 +0.9 9.5 15th 41.8 22.7 high 184%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 33.4   41.6 11th 17.9   10.4 15th 45.2
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 32.3 -0.5 40.4 12th 15.5 +1.0 9.3 15th 29.8 15.0 high 199%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 25.8 +0.5 35.6 19th 17.8 +1.2 12.9 29th 32.8 12.7 v high 258%
Kadina AWS 31.7 -0.5 39.2 19th 16.3 +0.7 11.0 15th 25.2 13.2 high 191%
Maitland 29.8 +0.5 39.4 1st 16.1 +0.3 9.1 30th 46.8 17.4 v high 269%
Minlaton Aero 29.8 +0.4 38.4 10th 16.4 +1.2 11.4 29th 22.8 13.3 high 171%
Stenhouse Bay 25.1 0.0 33.7 19th 17.2 +0.5 11.2 29th 26.4 13.2 high 200%
Warooka 28.1 +0.9 36.5 10th 16.9 +1.4 10.6 29th 17.0 14.3 high 119%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 25.4 +0.9 32.9 10th 14.8 +0.4 9.0 15th 20.4 14.9 high 137%
Cape Willoughby 21.9 +0.2 32.3 13th 16.5 +0.7 11.8 29th 24.2 18.5 high 131%
Kingscote Aero 27.0 +0.4 36.6 10th 14.8 +1.6 8.0 15th 23.8 14.8 high 161%
Parndana Cfs AWS 26.0   37.1 10th 13.7   7.8 29th 33.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.2 +1.8 39.8 12th 18.1 +0.9 12.6 29th 52.8 20.2 highest 261%
Adelaide Airport 29.1 +1.0 36.0 11th 17.6 +1.6 13.2 29th 36.2 17.8 high 203%
Edinburgh RAAF 31.5 +1.5 39.3 12th 17.3 +0.8 12.2 8th 16.8 20.9 average 80%
Parafield Airport 31.7 +2.1 39.2 12th 17.2 +0.8 12.2 3rd 24.2 21.0 average 115%
Roseworthy AWS 32.2 +0.4 40.1 12th 15.9 +1.1 8.6 15th 29.0 16.7 high 174%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 30.4 +0.4 38.7 12th 15.5 +1.0 9.6 15th 30.0 16.6 high 181%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 31.8 +1.3 39.9 12th 16.3 +1.1 9.5 8th 37.8 18.8 high 201%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 25.1 -0.3 36.0 19th 16.6 +0.6 11.5 16th 29.8 16.8 high 177%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 26.6 +0.5 35.9 13th 15.0 +0.9 9.3 29th 64.2 25.2 high 255%
Mount Barker 29.1 +1.9 38.7 12th 13.9 +2.0 8.8 16th 36.4 26.0 high 140%
Mount Crawford AWS 28.0 +0.5 36.6 12th 15.2 +1.3 7.9 15th 28.6 23.1 average 124%
Mount Lofty 25.5 +3.8 33.3 12th 14.0 +1.9 6.9 15th 79.6
Noarlunga 28.9 +0.2 37.2 13th 17.9 +0.9 11.7 29th 26.2 17.1 high 153%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 23.7 +0.2 33.5 10th 14.4 +0.8 10.0 29th 49.4 27.7 high 178%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 25.0 0.0 37.8 19th 15.2 +0.5 9.3 17th 21.4 20.5 average 104%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 32.9 +1.0 42.4 13th 16.6 +2.0 9.0 15th 45.4 19.4 v high 234%
Renmark Aero 33.7 +0.1 43.1 13th 17.3 +1.0 10.1 15th 31.0 19.6 average 158%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 30.6 +1.3 39.1 12th 16.0 +2.1 8.1 15th 56.8 22.1 v high 257%
Meningie 27.1 +1.0 35.4 17th 15.1 +1.1 8.4 15th 40.0 18.6 high 215%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 30.8   39.5 19th 15.1   8.1 15th 11.6 13.9 average 83%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 28.2 +0.3 37.2 13th 15.3 +0.7 10.3 15th 31.0 16.6 high 187%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 32.1 +0.7 42.4 13th 15.0 +0.7 8.5 15th 39.6 18.1 high 219%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 31.1 +1.1 38.4 13th     7.4 15th 64.8 19.4 v high 334%
Keith (Munkora) 31.1 +0.4 38.7 13th 14.1 +1.9 6.6 15th 75.0 23.6 v high 318%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 32.2 +0.1 41.7 13th 15.5 +1.3 6.6 15th 34.2 30.3 average 113%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 24.5 -0.2 34.9 19th 14.0 +0.4 9.7 16th 44.8 17.9 high 250%
Coonawarra 29.1 +1.8 38.1 19th 13.2 +1.6 5.2 15th 12.0 28.3 average 42%
Mount Gambier Aero 27.4 +2.1 38.4 13th 12.8 +1.6 7.5 16th 13.2 27.0 average 49%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 30.8 +1.1 40.3 19th 12.3 +0.8 5.6 15th 11.6 23.7 average 49%
Padthaway South 30.3 +1.3 39.3 19th 13.0 +0.6 4.8 15th 16.8 23.4 average 72%
Robe Airfield 25.2 +0.8 35.5 19th 13.0 +0.3 7.3 15th 30.2 20.0 average 151%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Monday 1 February 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Climate

Service notice

Network problems on 8 January disrupted processing of observations, affecting some climate information. Missing data are being retrieved and will be processed into our systems over coming weeks.