South Australia in June 2019: cooler than average nights, dry in the north

Rainfall in June was below average for the State as a whole, but was generally close to average in the southern Agricultural districts. Daytime temperatures in June were close to average across most of the State, but night-time temperatures were cooler than average in most areas, with a week of frosty mornings across much of the State around both sides of the winter solstice.

Drier than average in the north

  • Rainfall in June was 42% below average for the State as a whole
  • Rainfall was generally close to average in the southern Agricultural districts
  • It was a very dry June with no rain or little rainfall (less than 5 mm) in the northwest and eastern areas of the Pastoral districts
  • Several cold fronts during the month brought rainfall to southern areas
  • The wettest day was on the 12th, when a strong cold front and associated cloud band crossed the State, bringing widespread rain to the southern Agricultural districts and daily totals of more than 60 mm to several sites in the Adelaide Hills
  • On the 12th, several sites had their highest June daily rainfall on record
  • The year-to-date (January–June) rainfall for the State as a whole was the fourth-driest first six month of the year on record, and driest since 1970

Daytime temperatures close to average, cool nights

  • Daytime temperatures were close to average for June across most of South Australia, but tended warmer in the northwest
  • The mean maximum temperature was 0.42 °C warmer than average for the State as a whole
  • The year-to-date (January–June) mean maximum temperature for the State was 2.03 °C above average, the highest for the first six months of the year on record
  • Night-time temperatures in June were generally cooler than average
  • Keith and Coonawarra each had six consecutive mornings with minimum temperatures at or below 0 °C between the 19th and 24th, exceeding their previous longest runs of five such days in June (14–18 June 2007 and 11–15 June 1972 at Keith, 12–16 June 1996 at Coonawarra)
  • The June mean minimum temperature was 0.94 °C cooler than average for the State as a whole
  • On the 11th, Marree Aero had its highest June temperature on record and a late-season record of 31.6 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
  • On the 24th, several sites had either their coldest June day on record or their lowest June temperature on record
  • A few days later on the 29th, some sites in the Lower South East had their warmest June night on record
  • The year-to-date mean minimum temperature was 0.61 °C above average for South Australia

Severe wind gusts

  • On the 9th and 10th, a cold front crossed southern South Australia, bringing rain and wind gusts in excess of 80 km/h to many locations
  • A cold front on the morning of the 29th again brought strong winds to South Australia, with gusts in excess of 80 km/h at several locations in southern areas of the State
  • The strongest recorded gust was 106 km/h at Neptune Island late on the night of the 9th

Further information

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Extremes in June 2019
Hottest day 31.6 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 11th
Warmest days on average 20.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 10.2 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 6.2 °C at Mount Lofty on the 4th
Coldest night -7.1 °C at Yunta Airstrip on the 24th
Coolest nights on average 2.5 °C at Yunta Airstrip
Warmest nights on average 12.0 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.1 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town) on the 28th
Warmest on average overall 13.6 °C at Neptune Island
Coolest on average overall 7.9 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 167.2 mm at Mount Lofty
Driest overall 0 mm at Ernabella (Pukatja)
Wettest day 64.8 mm at Aldgate on the 12th
Strongest wind gust 106 km/h at Neptune Island on the 9th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest June daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Brinkworth 46.0 on the 12th 43.9 on the 2nd in 1939 119
Nonning 41.0 on the 12th 35.2 on the 16th in 2016 110
Rhynie (Salters Springs) 43.4 on the 12th 41.0 on the 23rd in 1996 63
Burra (Leighton) 30.0 on the 12th 28.0 on the 28th in 1980 51
Burnside 50.8 on the 12th 47.5 on the 22nd in 1908 41
Clare High School 44.6 on the 12th 37.2 on the 1st in 2013 26
Belair 51.0 on the 12th 44.2 on the 1st in 2007 21
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 41.6 on the 12th 37.0 on the 23rd in 2013 21



Record highest June temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
June
Marree Aero 29.0 on the 11th 27.7 on the 30th in 2009 21 19.4



Record lowest June daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
June
Stenhouse Bay 11.3 on the 24th 11.9 on the 25th in 1997 24 16.3
Minnipa Pirsa 11.4 on the 24th = 11.4 on the 19th in 2018 23 16.7
Tarcoola Aero 12.6 on the 24th 12.9 on the 8th in 2008 22 18.8



Record highest June daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
June
Mount Gambier Aero 14.1 on the 29th 13.9 on the 10th in 1987 78 5.8
Coonawarra 14.7 on the 29th 14.5 on the 4th in 1988 34 5.4
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.6 on the 29th 14.0 on the 10th in 2005 21 5.5



Record lowest June temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
June
Coonawarra -3.8 on the 22nd -3.2 on the 3rd in 2017 34 5.4
Edithburgh -0.5 on the 24th 0.8 on the 14th in 2006 27 8.8
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 1.4 on the 24th 2.0 on the 21st in 2015 26 7.8
Stenhouse Bay 2.5 on the 24th 3.5 on the 23rd in 2007 24 10.1
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) -6.7 on the 24th -6.2 on the 23rd in 2007 21 4.1
Yunta Airstrip -7.1 on the 24th -7.0 on the 14th in 2006 21 3.6
Padthaway South -4.0 on the 23rd -3.2 on the 16th in 2007 20 5.5



Summary statistics for June 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2019
Mean for
June
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2019
Total for
June
2019
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2019
Fraction of
June
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 18.5 -0.1 26.0 11th 6.1 -0.9 0.5 24th 9.2 15.4 average 60%
Coober Pedy Airport 18.2 -0.1 26.7 11th 5.1 -1.9 0.8 22nd 3.4 12.4 average 27%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 18.3 +0.6 29.1 11th 4.0 -0.8 -3.7 21st 0 16.1 lowest 0%
Mount Ive 16.8   24.5 11th 5.6   -1.5 6th 17.4 28.7 average 61%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 18.2 -0.3 26.1 11th 5.2 +0.1 -2.4 7th 9.2 15.5 average 59%
Tarcoola Aero 18.6 -0.2 25.0 28th 3.7 -1.6 -3.1 7th 11.2 13.6 average 82%
Woomera Aerodrome 17.3 -0.1 24.4 11th 6.4 -0.3 1.4 6th 17.2 16.1 high 107%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 16.6 -0.2 26.2 11th 4.3 -0.1 -4.0 24th 7.6 15.0 average 51%
Leigh Creek Airport 17.7 +0.6 26.4 11th 5.8 +0.3 -0.6 6th 11.2 16.9 average 66%
Marree Aero 19.8 +0.4 29.0 11th 4.5 -1.3 -1.6 24th 0.8 11.2 low 7%
Moomba Airport 19.8 -0.1 30.1 11th 6.8 -0.6 0.4 24th 0 10.5 lowest 0%
Oodnadatta Airport 20.0 +0.1 31.6 11th 4.1 -2.4 -0.2 22nd 0.2 11.7 low 2%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 18.2 0.0 26.5 11th 6.1 -0.3 0.4 6th 27.6 35.7 average 77%
Cleve 15.9 -0.1 23.8 11th 7.9 -0.1 1.5 7th 52.2 47.3 average 110%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.8 -0.3 24.3 11th 8.0 -0.2 2.2 7th 43.4 43.6 average 100%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 16.3   21.0 11th 9.1   4.8 6th 76.4
Cultana (Defence) 16.6   23.1 11th 7.0   2.4 24th 45.6
Cummins Aero 16.1 -0.6 23.7 11th 6.1 0.0 -0.6 6th 74.0 58.6 average 126%
Elliston 17.4 +0.3 24.1 11th 8.8 +0.4 3.1 24th 73.0 72.0 average 101%
Kimba 16.0 0.0 24.0 11th 5.1 -0.8 0.2 24th 42.0 40.3 average 104%
Kyancutta 17.7 -0.1 25.4 11th 5.2 -0.1 -0.4 8th 49.3 38.3 high 129%
Minnipa Pirsa 16.2 -0.5 24.7 11th 7.0 -0.3 3.3 7th 56.4 37.1 high 152%
Neptune Island 15.4 -0.6 18.1 10th 12.0 -0.3 9.0 25th 55.8 67.5 average 83%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.4 -0.4 23.4 11th 7.6 -0.9 2.5 23rd 49.0 60.0 average 82%
Nullarbor 18.8 +0.1 25.5 27th 4.9 -1.4 -0.7 7th 19.2 30.3 average 63%
Port Augusta Aero 17.8 -0.2 25.2 11th 5.4 -0.5 0.0 24th 46.2 25.9 high 178%
Streaky Bay 16.7 -0.5 23.8 11th 8.0 -1.0 2.6 6th 49.8 61.7 average 81%
Whyalla Aero 17.1 -0.1 24.3 11th 6.2 +0.1 -0.9 24th 38.8 28.7 high 135%
Wudinna Aero 17.2 -0.2 25.7 11th 6.0 -0.5 -2.5 7th 45.8 34.3 average 134%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.9 -0.5 24.1 11th 4.8 +0.3 -0.7 20th 54.4 38.0 high 143%
Yongala 13.8 +0.2 20.4 11th 3.3 +0.5 -2.3 6th 36.4 39.2 average 93%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 17.3 +0.2 24.2 28th 2.9 -1.2 -6.7 24th 19.2 23.8 average 81%
Yunta Airstrip 15.9 +0.1 22.0 11th 2.5 -1.1 -7.1 24th 10.0 15.0 average 67%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.4 -0.1 19.9 28th 3.4 -1.4 -2.5 24th 79.6 66.5 average 120%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 17.0   23.7 11th 6.0   0.1 7th 52.6
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 16.0 -0.2 23.5 11th 4.7 -0.8 -2.5 24th 65.8 51.2 average 129%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.7 -0.2 20.9 27th 7.7 -1.1 -0.5 24th 45.6 54.9 average 83%
Kadina AWS 16.0 -0.1 21.8 11th 5.3 -0.5 -2.0 24th 38.0 39.2 average 97%
Minlaton Aero 16.1 -0.2 22.7 11th 7.5 -0.3 1.9 24th 46.8 52.1 average 90%
Stenhouse Bay 15.8 -0.5 20.8 11th 8.5 -1.6 2.5 24th 62.4 68.9 average 91%
Warooka 15.6 -0.3 19.0 11th     6.0 30th 54.8 64.4 average 85%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.7 -0.4 17.7 11th 9.5 -0.3 4.3 23rd 101.0 87.4 average 116%
Cape Willoughby 14.9 0.0 18.7 11th 10.8 0.0 7.9 29th 60.4 74.3 average 81%
Kingscote Aero 15.4 -0.7 18.8 27th 5.9 -0.8 -1.1 23rd 57.2 64.5 average 89%
Parndana Cfs AWS 14.0   18.1 11th 7.1   1.2 19th 73.8
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 16.3 +0.2 22.4 11th 7.5 -0.6 1.3 24th 82.6 78.1 average 106%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 16.0 +0.2 22.2 11th 8.2 -0.2 1.8 23rd 83.4 71.2 average 117%
Adelaide Airport 16.1 +0.2 22.4 11th 7.6 -0.1 -0.2 24th 80.2 55.8 high 144%
Edinburgh RAAF 16.0 +0.1 22.0 11th 6.3 -0.5 -0.8 24th 71.0 53.1 average 134%
Parafield Airport 16.3 +0.5 22.5 28th 6.0 -1.0 -1.8 24th 58.0 53.2 average 109%
Roseworthy AWS 16.4 +0.2 23.2 11th 5.6 -0.9 -0.3 5th 15.6 43.7 v low 36%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 14.1 0.0 21.1 28th 4.3 -0.7 -2.4 23rd 48.4 53.9 average 90%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.7 +0.1 22.5 28th 5.6 -0.5 -0.7 23rd 50.2 56.2 average 89%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 16.0 +0.1 22.2 28th 7.9 -0.6 1.4 24th 32.4 53.5 average 61%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.1 0.0 19.7 28th 7.2 -0.1 2.3 24th 107.2 103.2 average 104%
Mount Barker 14.1 +0.3 19.6 27th 5.7 +0.5 -1.7 23rd 114.7 99.6 average 115%
Mount Crawford AWS 11.7 0.0 20.1 11th 6.4 -0.1 2.2 23rd 103.0 83.2 average 124%
Mount Lofty 10.2 +0.9 18.1 11th 5.5 -0.1 1.1 23rd 167.2 126.2 average 132%
Noarlunga 15.4 -0.2 21.8 11th 8.9 -0.3 2.0 24th 68.0 61.0 average 111%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.3 -0.1 17.3 11th 7.4 -0.4 1.4 24th 131.4 119.6 average 110%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.1 0.0 22.3 28th 5.8 -1.5 -2.9 24th 67.6 77.6 average 87%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.8 +0.5 23.8 28th 3.5 -1.2 -3.9 24th 28.0 24.8 average 113%
Renmark Aero 17.0 +0.2 24.1 28th 3.2 -1.2 -5.7 24th 20.2 19.7 average 103%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.9 +0.2 20.6 28th 5.2 -0.5 -0.6 24th 36.2 51.7 average 70%
Meningie 15.7 +0.1 20.7 28th 6.9 -0.1 0.2 23rd 46.4 61.9 average 75%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 16.1 0.0 23.7 28th 4.9 -0.1 -3.6 24th 29.0 29.9 average 97%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.4 -0.4 21.4 27th 6.3 -1.1 -0.7 23rd 43.2 50.1 average 86%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 16.0 0.0 22.1 28th 5.2 +0.2 -1.4 24th 41.2 34.7 average 119%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.9 +0.4 22.2 28th 4.7 -1.2 -2.8 23rd 38.4 52.2 average 74%
Keith (Munkora) 15.5 -0.1 21.4 28th 4.6 -0.5 -3.7 23rd 49.4 48.4 average 102%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 15.4 0.0 21.9 28th 4.5 -0.4 -1.4 24th 53.8 26.6 high 202%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.7 0.0 18.1 28th 7.3 -0.6 0.3 24th 52.2 65.3 average 80%
Coonawarra 14.8 +0.3 20.7 28th 5.2 -0.2 -3.8 22nd 54.6 73.6 low 74%
Mount Gambier Aero 14.4 +0.5 20.1 28th 5.9 +0.1 -2.2 22nd 72.0 84.1 average 86%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 15.0 +0.1 21.5 28th 5.3 -0.2 -3.8 22nd 46.6 55.9 average 83%
Padthaway South 15.0 0.0 21.5 28th 4.6 -0.9 -4.0 23rd 43.8 54.7 low 80%
Robe Airfield 15.2 -0.1 20.2 28th 6.3 -0.2 -2.7 23rd 66.0 83.2 low 79%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 July 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries