South Australia in February 2019: drier than average, warm days

Rainfall in February was below average in most northern and western districts, although totals were closer to average in the South East agricultural districts. Rainfall was the ninth-lowest on record in February for the State as a whole. Daytime temperatures were warmer than average in the west and some central and northeast areas of the State, but close to average elsewhere. Night-time temperatures were generally close to or slightly cooler than average.

Drier than average

  • Rainfall for South Australia in February was 92% below average, the State's ninth-driest February on record and driest since 2009
  • Most locations had less than 10 mm of rainfall for the month, with monthly totals less than 20% of average throughout northern and western districts
  • The highest monthly totals were in the eastern Agricultural districts, with 44 mm recorded at Ashton in the Adelaide Hills
  • Ashton had the wettest day for the month, recording 31.0 mm on the 9th
  • Little or no rain fell in the Pastoral districts during February
  • There were rain days in early February at most locations, but there were many dry days during the month, including the 3rd and 19th when no single location across the State recorded any rainfall

Warm days, slightly cooler than average nights

  • The mean maximum temperature for South Australia in February was 1.73 °C warmer than average—the State's most recent cooler than average February for maximum temperature was in 2012
  • Mean maximum temperatures were above average across most northeastern and western districts
  • The mean minimum temperature for South Australia in February was 0.22 °C cooler than average, making it the lowest in February since 2012 and first cooler than average month for minimum temperature since September 2018
  • Mean minimum temperatures were generally close to average in most districts, but were below average in some isolated areas scattered across the State
  • On the 14th, several sites had their lowest February temperature on record

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Extremes in February 2019
Hottest day 44.7 °C at Port Augusta Aero on the 3rd
Warmest days on average 38.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 21.6 °C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day 14.0 °C at Mount Lofty on the 12th
Coldest night 3.5 °C at Cummins Aero on the 14th
Coolest nights on average 11.1 °C at Coonawarra
Warmest nights on average 23.8 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 29.2 °C at Moomba Airport on the 7th
Warmest on average overall 30.8 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 18.8 °C at Robe Airfield
Wettest overall 44.0 mm at Ashton
Driest overall 0 mm at several sites
Wettest day 31.0 mm at Ashton on the 9th
Strongest wind gust 91 km/h at Kuitpo Forest Reserve on the 12th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest February temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 6.8 on the 14th 8.6 on the 17th in 1998 27 16.2
Clare High School 5.8 on the 14th 6.2 on the 3rd in 1996 25 15.0
Kingscote Aero 4.7 on the 14th 4.8 on the 21st in 2017 25 13.6
Cleve Aerodrome 8.5 on the 14th 8.6 on the 2nd in 2005 23 16.3



Summary statistics for February 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
February
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
February
2019
Mean for
February
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
February
2019
Total for
February
2019
Average
for
February
Rank of
February
2019
Fraction of
February
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 36.2 +0.5 42.2 3rd 21.1 -0.1 14.5 13th 0 23.1 lowest 0%
Coober Pedy Airport 36.1 +0.5 42.6 3rd 20.3 -1.3 14.9 9th 0 12.0 lowest 0%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 35.8 +1.1 39.0 18th 20.2 -0.1 15.7 14th 0 28.5 lowest 0%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 36.3 +0.4 44.0 3rd 19.5 -0.8 14.2 13th 1.2 17.6 low 7%
Tarcoola Aero 35.9 +0.6 43.4 3rd 17.5 -1.7 12.0 13th 0 23.4 lowest 0%
Woomera Aerodrome 35.0 +1.2 43.0 3rd 19.5 +0.1 12.7 13th 2.4 19.2 average 13%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola     40.0 18th 19.7 +0.3 13.6 14th 0 37.5 lowest 0%
Leigh Creek Airport 36.0 +1.3 42.5 3rd 19.7 -0.8 11.8 14th 1.0 24.8 low 4%
Marree Aero 38.1 +0.9 43.8 4th 21.5 -0.7 14.4 14th 0 25.6 lowest 0%
Moomba Airport 37.8 +0.6 43.0 5th 23.8 +0.1 17.3 15th 0 26.1 lowest 0%
Oodnadatta Airport 38.2 +1.5 42.8 5th 21.3 -1.1 13.4 14th 0 30.0 lowest 0%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 29.2 +0.9 40.9 24th 14.2 -0.9 8.7 15th 0.4 14.1 low 3%
Cleve 28.4 +0.7 38.0 25th 16.0 -0.1 9.0 14th 2.8 22.4 low 13%
Cleve Aerodrome 28.8 +0.3 39.4 25th 15.3 -1.0 8.5 14th 1.4 18.7 low 7%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 25.2   36.5 24th 15.7   9.6 14th 4.2
Cultana (Defence) 33.2   44.0 3rd 17.3   11.5 13th 7.0
Cummins Aero 30.1 +0.9 39.3 25th 14.0 -1.4 3.5 14th 1.2 21.6 low 6%
Elliston 27.0 +1.4 38.6 24th 16.3 +0.4 9.9 14th 1.8 13.6 low 13%
Kimba 32.7 +1.6 40.0 3rd     14.0 16th 1.2 20.9 low 6%
Kyancutta 34.0 +1.6 42.4 28th 14.2 -0.2 6.4 14th 3.2 16.1 average 20%
Minnipa Pirsa 32.6 +0.2 40.6 28th 15.4 -0.7 9.8 19th 1.2 13.2 low 9%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 26.3 +0.3 33.6 25th 15.4 -0.8 6.8 14th 3.4 15.9 low 21%
Nullarbor 30.2 +2.5 41.2 24th 15.2 -0.9 8.0 14th 0.4 14.7 low 3%
Port Augusta Aero 33.9 +0.6 44.7 3rd 18.6 -0.3 12.1 13th 3.2 15.5 average 21%
Streaky Bay 29.3 +0.2 39.5 24th 15.7 -0.4 10.0 14th 1.4 14.8 low 9%
Whyalla Aero 30.5 +0.8 43.1 3rd 17.2 -0.7 12.8 15th 7.8 22.6 average 35%
Wudinna Aero 33.4 +0.7 41.7 28th 13.6 -1.7 6.0 14th 1.0 14.9 low 7%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 33.7 +0.1 42.0 3rd     12.5 19th 0 20.7 lowest 0%
Yongala 30.6 +0.4 40.0 3rd 14.2 +0.8 7.6 13th 18.8 20.9 average 90%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 32.7 -0.1 44.0 3rd 13.5 -2.0 6.3 14th 1.9 22.5 low 8%
Yunta Airstrip 32.8 +0.3 42.3 3rd 14.9 -1.1 8.1 13th 10.8 19.1 average 57%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 30.1 +0.3 40.0 3rd 14.2 -0.8 5.8 14th 10.2 24.7 average 41%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 33.0   42.7 3rd 16.8   10.3 14th 2.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 32.3 +0.3 41.6 3rd 13.4 -1.1 6.1 14th 4.4 19.6 average 22%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 25.4 +0.2 33.4 24th 17.1 0.0 10.8 14th 5.2 17.4 low 30%
Kadina AWS 31.0 +0.1 38.8 28th 14.8 -0.4 7.4 14th 1.6 12.5 low 13%
Minlaton Aero 29.5 +0.9 38.5 2nd 14.7 -0.6 8.2 14th 2.2 17.3 average 13%
Stenhouse Bay 24.6 -0.3 32.5 25th 17.0 -0.1 13.1 13th 9.6 17.6 average 55%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 25.2 +0.7 34.3 25th 14.3 -0.1 10.7 15th 8.0 17.3 average 46%
Cape Willoughby 21.6 -0.3 27.6 24th 16.5 +0.2 12.2 14th 8.4 18.1 average 46%
Kingscote Aero 27.3 +0.8 37.1 25th 13.0 -0.6 4.7 14th 5.0 16.6 low 30%
Parndana Cfs AWS 26.3   37.0 25th 12.9   6.2 14th 6.0
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 30.4 +0.9 39.8 3rd 17.3 0.0 11.8 14th 9.0 15.5 average 58%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 29.5 +0.9 37.9 2nd 16.8 -0.1 11.3 14th 6.6 20.5 average 32%
Adelaide Airport 28.2 +0.1 36.8 2nd 16.6 +0.4 12.1 14th 6.4 18.6 average 34%
Edinburgh RAAF 30.5 +0.5 40.9 3rd 16.4 -0.2 11.4 15th 2.0 17.7 low 11%
Parafield Airport 30.8 +1.4 39.7 3rd 16.2 -0.2 11.5 14th 3.2 18.6 average 17%
Roseworthy AWS 31.3 0.0 42.6 3rd 14.5 -0.3 6.4 14th 4.4 19.7 average 22%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 29.7 +0.2 40.7 3rd 13.0 -1.6 4.7 13th 8.4 24.9 average 34%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 31.1 +0.6 42.0 3rd 14.7 -0.8 7.4 14th 8.4 18.6 average 45%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 25.5 +0.8 37.1 25th 15.8 0.0 10.0 1st 10.2 17.4 average 59%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 26.5 +0.7 36.1 3rd 14.2 0.0 9.8 1st 15.6 23.4 average 67%
Mount Barker 29.0 +2.2 38.4 3rd 12.5 +0.6 6.2 14th 14.4 25.6 average 56%
Mount Crawford AWS 27.9 +0.8 38.1 3rd 14.1 -0.1 8.3 1st 8.6 24.4 average 35%
Mount Lofty 24.9 +2.5 33.4 24th 13.1 +0.1 6.8 1st 21.8 36.8 average 59%
Noarlunga 28.3 +0.5 36.9 25th 17.1 +0.1 12.0 14th 6.6 18.0 average 37%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 24.2 +0.9 34.8 25th 14.0 +0.1 10.4 13th 19.0 30.4 average 63%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 24.9 +0.7 36.7 3rd 13.9 -0.7 9.4 2nd 5.8 23.3 low 25%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 31.8 +0.3 43.4 3rd 13.4 -1.2 6.8 14th 2.6 18.3 low 14%
Renmark Aero 32.6 -0.2 44.4 3rd 14.3 -1.9 8.2 13th 2.4 19.7 average 12%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 30.2 +1.1 40.2 3rd 14.3 0.0 7.4 14th 9.0 22.4 average 40%
Meningie 27.0 +0.6 38.0 27th 14.1 +0.1 8.8 1st 8.6 17.2 average 50%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 30.2 +0.4 42.7 3rd 13.7 -0.7 7.7 14th 2.0 18.9 low 11%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 28.2 +0.7 40.4 3rd 14.3 -0.3 8.5 1st 3.2 20.8 low 15%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 30.4 -0.2 39.2 27th 13.8 -0.3 7.9 14th 7.2 19.6 average 37%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 29.9 0.0 42.5 3rd 13.5 +0.3 8.0 1st 9.0 19.9 average 45%
Keith (Munkora) 29.7 -0.6 40.3 28th 11.3 -0.6 4.6 1st 7.6 11.5 average 66%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 31.3 +0.2 43.7 3rd 13.1 -0.6 7.6 13th 6.2 11.5 average 54%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 24.6 +0.1 34.5 25th 13.9 +0.2 8.8 1st 6.0 16.4 low 37%
Coonawarra 27.7 +0.1 38.1 3rd 11.1 -0.7 6.1 1st 12.2 17.4 average 70%
Mount Gambier Aero 26.2 +0.9 37.1 25th 12.0 +0.3 4.9 1st 20.0 25.8 average 78%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 29.1 -0.2 40.9 3rd 11.4 -0.5 4.5 1st 4.8 18.0 low 27%
Padthaway South 29.0 +0.3 41.3 3rd 11.7 -0.7 5.4 1st 4.0 15.7 low 25%
Robe Airfield 24.5 +0.1 33.8 25th 13.0 +0.1 5.8 1st 7.0 21.3 low 33%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 March 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
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