South Australia in November 2019: dry in the north and west, some cold nights

Rainfall in November was near-average over much of eastern South Australia, but there were large areas that had below average rainfall, particularly in the State's west. Daytime temperatures for November were warmer than average in the west and close to average elsewhere as numerous cool days were offset by a few very hot days. Night-time temperatures were generally cooler than average, with some areas having very much below average minimum temperatures for the month.

Driest November since 1990

  • Rainfall in November was near-average over much of eastern South Australia, but there were large areas of below average rainfall, particularly in the west
  • For South Australia as a whole, monthly rainfall was 69% below average, the lowest November total since 1990
  • The highest monthly totals were in the Lower South East, with several sites recording more than 50 mm, including 70.0 mm at Nangwarry
  • The Pastoral districts generally recorded less than 10 mm and Andamooka recorded no rain for the month
  • The State's wettest day was on the 2nd, with light to moderate falls over central and eastern areas of the State and 22.4 mm at Meribah (Merallen) the highest recorded daily total
  • A few days later on the 5th, a localised hail storm damaged crops in the Riverland and covered the ground in white
  • Very little rain fell across the State for two weeks through the middle of the month, during a period that included some hot days and dangerous fire weather conditions
  • Yunta Airstrip (2.0 mm) and Coober Pedy Airport (0.8 mm) had their lowest total November rainfall on record, although the old Yunta site had 0.0 mm in 1990 and the old Coober Pedy site had 0.0 mm in 2016
  • Several sites had their lowest total November rainfall for at least 20 years
  • Year-to-date rainfall is below average to very much below average across South Australia, making it the State's driest January to November period on record, with very much above rainfall in December needed to avoid 2019 being the State's driest year on record

Coolest nights since 1992

  • Daytime temperatures were below average on many days during the month, but several bursts of heat brought the overall monthly mean maximum temperature up close to average for many areas of eastern South Australia
  • Mean maximum temperatures were above average in the west and a small area of cooler than average in the Lower South East
  • On the 20th, strong northerly winds saw temperatures rise more than 16 °C above average over southern South Australia and several sites had their highest November temperature on record
  • The mean maximum temperature for South Australia was 0.75 °C warmer than average for November
  • The month began with a very warm night, particularly in the east, with minimum temperatures more then 10 °C above average in the South East districts on 1 November
  • Another warm night on the 21st saw some sites having their warmest November night on record
  • Despite a few warm nights though, night-time temperatures were generally cooler than average during November, with many areas having below to very much below average mean minimum temperatures for the month
  • The mean minimum temperature was 0.99 °C cooler than average for November, the lowest since 1992
  • Numerous sites had either their lowest November mean daily minimum temperature on record or their lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
  • For overall mean temperature, some sites had their lowest November mean temperature for at least 20 years
  • Year-to-date mean maximum temperatures are very much above average across most of South Australia, including large areas of warmest on record for the January to November period
  • Year-to-date mean minimum temperatures are near average to warmer than average across most of the State

Further information

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Extremes in November 2019
Hottest day 46.6 °C at Nullarbor on the 20th
Warmest days on average 34.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 17.9 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 10.1 °C at Mount Lofty on the 8th
Coldest night -0.3 °C at Keith (Munkora) on the 24th
Coolest nights on average 6.9 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 18.3 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 28.0 °C at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) on the 21st
Warmest on average overall 25.9 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 70.0 mm at Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot
Driest overall 0 mm at Andamooka
Wettest day 22.4 mm at Meribah (Merallen) on the 2nd
Strongest wind gust 98 km/h at Marree Aero on the 25th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Coober Pedy Airport 0.8 1.2 in 2016 26 13.8
Yunta Airstrip 2.0 2.6 in 2001 22 28.0

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Blinman 1.0 0.0 in 1984* 22.2
Cleve 6.8 2.8 in 1990 27.4
Cleve Aerodrome 3.0 1.6 in 1990 21.7
Nullarbor 0.2 0.0 in 1990 17.6
Streaky Bay 4.0 3.8 in 1990 18.5
Yardea 2.2 0.0 in 1990 17.5
Mount Ive 2.5 1.6 in 1993 18.6
Hiltaba 3.8 3.5 in 1994* 18.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest November temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Parafield Airport 44.3 on the 20th 44.1 on the 19th in 2009 63 25.4
Neptune Island 34.4 on the 20th 33.7 on the 22nd in 1966 58 19.2
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 44.1 on the 20th 44.0 on the 19th in 2009 58 25.9
Edinburgh RAAF 44.5 on the 20th = 44.5 on the 19th in 2009 48 25.9
Nullarbor 46.6 on the 20th 45.3 on the 20th in 2006 34 26.0
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 38.4 on the 20th 37.4 on the 29th in 2017 28 21.5
Clare High School 40.8 on the 20th 40.6 on the 19th in 2009 26 25.0
Kingscote Aero 41.0 on the 20th 38.8 on the 15th in 2009 26 23.1
Nuriootpa PIRSA 42.1 on the 20th 41.5 on the 19th in 2009 24 25.2
Strathalbyn Racecourse 43.1 on the 20th 42.4 on the 19th in 2009 24 24.5
Naracoorte Aerodrome 40.3 on the 20th 39.6 on the 30th in 2014 22 24.7
Padthaway South 40.7 on the 20th 38.7 on the 29th in 2012 20 24.6



Record highest November daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Loxton Research Centre 27.6 on the 21st 25.2 on the 2nd in 1987 36 11.3
Coonawarra 23.3 on the 1st 22.7 on the 26th in 1997 35 8.9
Renmark Aero 27.3 on the 21st 26.2 on the 28th in 2000 25 12.4
Yunta Airstrip 27.1 on the 21st 25.5 on the 12th in 2010 22 12.6
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 28.0 on the 21st 27.0 on the 28th in 2000 21 12.0



Record lowest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Streaky Bay 11.3 11.5 in 1960 92 13.4
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 10.0 10.1 in 1992 27 12.1
Edithburgh 11.0 11.8 in 2016 26 13.4
Clare High School 8.1 8.4 in 1996 25 10.8
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 9.1 = 9.1 in 1998 25 10.7
Nuriootpa PIRSA 7.4 8.3 in 1996 23 10.9
Stenhouse Bay 12.1 12.5 in 2016 23 13.7
Tarcoola Aero 12.6 13.6 in 2016 22 15.6

Lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Oodnadatta Airport 16.9 16.8 in 1955* 18.7
Nullarbor 10.9 10.8 in 1994 12.5
Cape Willoughby 12.2 12.1 in 1996 13.1
Warooka 11.2 =11.2 in 1999 12.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Lowest November mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Mount Gambier Aero 13.5 12.9 in 1974 14.5
Streaky Bay 17.9 17.4 in 1992* 19.5
Coonawarra 14.0 =14.0 in 1996 15.8
Nuriootpa PIRSA 15.8 15.7 in 1999 18.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for November 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2019
Mean for
November
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2019
Total for
November
2019
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2019
Fraction of
November
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 32.0 +0.1 43.5 20th 15.7 -1.4 10.5 9th 0 14.3 lowest 0%
Coober Pedy Airport 32.5 +0.4 43.4 20th 16.0 -1.7 10.3 9th 0.8 13.8 lowest 6%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 32.4 +0.9 41.0 20th 16.5 -0.4 11.5 15th 3.2 27.0 low 12%
Mount Ive 29.8   43.0 20th 12.3   7.0 9th 2.5 18.6 low 13%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 31.5 -0.6 43.2 20th 14.8 -1.7 8.5 5th 0.4 13.4 low 3%
Tarcoola Aero 31.5 -0.2 44.2 20th 12.6 -3.0 5.5 9th 2.0 21.1 v low 9%
Woomera Aerodrome 30.2 +0.3 43.2 20th 14.6 -0.9 9.2 9th 7.0 16.6 average 42%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 30.7 +0.4 41.0 20th     9.6 9th 4.9 17.2 average 28%
Leigh Creek Airport 30.7 -0.1 42.4 20th 14.6 -1.6 8.5 10th 3.6 17.8 low 20%
Marree Aero 33.1 -0.6 44.2 20th 16.1 -1.7 9.5 10th 2.4 13.5 low 18%
Moomba Airport 33.5 -0.7 44.0 20th 18.3 -1.2 10.6 10th 1.4 18.5 low 8%
Oodnadatta Airport 34.0 +0.2 43.6 20th 16.9 -1.8 10.6 10th 4.2 12.9 average 33%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 25.7 -0.4 46.2 20th 11.6 -0.7 3.0 15th 6.8 18.7 low 36%
Cleve 25.1 +0.2 42.0 20th 11.4 -0.9 6.7 10th 6.8 27.4 low 25%
Cleve Aerodrome 25.4 -0.4 42.6 20th 10.8 -1.6 5.5 5th 3.0 21.7 v low 14%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 21.6   35.8 20th 12.0   7.3 24th 0.8
Cultana (Defence) 28.7   43.5 20th 12.9   8.5 9th 11.2
Cummins Aero 24.4 -2.1 44.4 20th 8.0 -3.4 1.6 10th 10.8 18.7 low 58%
Elliston 24.4 +0.8 42.9 20th 12.3 -0.8 5.9 27th 8.8 19.5 low 45%
Kimba 27.6 +0.4 42.0 20th     5.8 9th 6.0 23.2 low 26%
Kyancutta 29.0 +0.3 44.4 20th 9.4 -1.5 2.9 10th 4.5 21.4 v low 21%
Minnipa PIRSA 27.4 -1.3 43.8 20th 10.8 -1.8 5.3 9th 7.0 16.9 low 41%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 23.9 +0.8 44.9 20th 10.0 -2.1 4.7 27th 15.6 18.9 average 83%
Nullarbor 26.8 +0.8 46.6 20th 10.9 -1.6 3.6 14th 0.2 17.6 low 1%
Port Augusta Aero 29.0 -1.3 45.1 20th 13.7 -1.8 8.6 5th 8.0 19.5 low 41%
Streaky Bay 24.6 -1.1 41.2 20th 11.3 -2.1 5.4 10th 4.0 18.5 low 22%
Whyalla Aero 25.9 -0.7 44.5 20th 13.1 -1.0 7.6 5th 7.0 22.2 low 32%
Wudinna Aero 28.5 -0.9 44.3 20th 8.9 -2.8 3.1 10th 6.2 17.0 low 36%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 28.9 -0.5 42.1 20th 12.6 -1.0 5.4 9th 3.1 22.6 low 14%
Yongala 26.2 +0.4 40.0 20th 8.9 -0.4 3.0 5th 13.8 27.8 average 50%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 28.4 -0.8 44.4 20th 10.0 -2.0 4.2 27th 30.6 29.3 average 104%
Yunta Airstrip 28.9 +0.3 42.2 20th 11.3 -1.3 4.2 9th 2.0 28.0 lowest 7%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 24.3 -0.7 40.8 20th 8.1 -2.7 3.1 5th 23.8 36.1 low 66%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 27.5   43.8 20th 10.9   4.3 9th 8.8
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 27.0 -1.3 43.5 20th 9.0 -1.4 2.5 10th 13.0 27.3 low 48%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 22.9 +0.3 43.9 20th 11.0 -2.4 3.8 27th 22.0 17.9 average 123%
Kadina AWS 25.0 -2.7 42.8 20th 9.5 -1.8 2.7 10th 11.0 16.4 average 67%
Minlaton Aero 24.3 -1.7 43.2 20th 9.9 -2.1 4.0 9th 15.4 21.4 average 72%
Stenhouse Bay 20.8 -1.2 34.4 11th 12.1 -1.6 8.8 27th 8.2 20.8 low 39%
Warooka 22.9 -0.6 36.9 20th 11.2 -0.9 7.1 16th 18.6 22.3 average 83%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 18.3 -2.8 26.2 11th 10.6 -1.1 6.8 24th 4.4 27.6 v low 16%
Cape Willoughby 19.6 +0.4 34.3 20th 12.2 -0.9 9.2 5th 21.8 27.7 average 79%
Kingscote Aero 22.9 -0.2 41.0 20th 8.6 -1.1 2.1 27th 7.2 21.9 low 33%
Parndana CFS AWS 21.5   40.6 20th 7.9   2.7 9th 9.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.1 -1.2 42.2 20th 12.5 -1.6 7.7 16th 15.4 29.6 low 52%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 23.3 -1.1 41.6 20th 12.4 -0.8 7.4 16th 23.2 30.6 average 76%
Adelaide Airport 22.7 -1.3 39.6 20th 12.7 -0.2 7.6 16th 18.6 24.6 average 76%
Edinburgh RAAF 24.4 -1.5 44.5 20th 11.9 -1.0 6.1 16th 15.2 24.1 average 63%
Parafield Airport 25.1 -0.3 44.3 20th 11.0 -1.8 5.2 17th 10.6 26.0 low 41%
Roseworthy AWS 25.6 -2.0 44.6 20th 9.3 -1.4 2.9 16th 14.8 25.7 low 58%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa PIRSA 24.2 -1.0 42.1 20th 7.4 -3.5 1.2 9th 12.8 31.3 low 41%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 25.0 -0.9 44.1 20th 9.5 -1.7 4.0 17th 16.2 28.3 average 57%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 22.2 -1.2 41.8 20th 12.3 -0.9 7.7 27th 23.6 21.0 average 112%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.2 -1.7 38.1 20th 9.7 -1.5 5.4 27th 29.6 35.6 average 83%
Mount Barker 22.4 -0.2 39.2 20th 8.9 0.0 3.1 27th 26.4 39.7 average 66%
Mount Crawford AWS 21.0 -1.4 39.5 20th 9.2 -1.5 5.0 9th 17.8 32.6 low 55%
Mount Lofty 17.9 +0.1 35.8 20th 8.2 -1.0 4.2 16th 32.2 40.9 average 79%
Noarlunga 22.7 -2.1 39.9 20th 12.4 -1.7 7.5 16th 19.2 21.2 average 91%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.7 -0.8 36.7 20th 9.1 -1.6 6.0 27th 38.4 41.1 average 93%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 22.0 -0.6 41.2 20th 9.9 -1.7 4.2 27th 25.4 30.0 average 85%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 27.1 -0.6 43.5 20th 10.8 -0.5 3.8 27th 22.4 22.5 average 100%
Renmark Aero 28.0 -1.0 45.0 20th 11.4 -1.0 4.5 27th 25.4 21.5 average 118%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 24.6 0.0 41.2 20th 9.2 -1.2 4.2 9th 17.0 29.8 average 57%
Meningie 22.5 -0.6 37.5 20th 11.3 0.0 6.7 27th 16.5 27.4 average 60%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 25.4 -1.7 45.3 20th 10.0 -0.8 2.0 27th 12.6 21.9 low 58%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 23.8 -0.7 43.1 20th 10.5 -0.9 6.0 27th 22.6 26.7 average 85%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 26.1 -1.6 44.2 20th 9.4 -1.8 3.9 27th 12.6 24.0 average 53%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 23.8 -1.2 43.2 20th 9.3 -0.8 4.0 24th 25.6 31.6 average 81%
Keith (Munkora) 24.3 -2.6 44.3 20th 6.9 -1.8 -0.3 24th 20.0 30.0 average 67%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 25.5 -2.0 44.0 20th 8.6 -1.9 2.0 27th 21.0 30.1 average 70%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 19.6 -1.9 38.4 20th 10.5 -0.4 4.3 18th 26.6 26.5 average 100%
Coonawarra 20.3 -2.4 37.5 20th 7.7 -1.2 1.9 16th 50.8 35.7 high 142%
Mount Gambier Aero 18.8 -1.8 35.8 20th 8.3 -0.2 3.5 16th 65.8 46.4 high 142%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 22.0 -2.7 40.3 20th 8.1 -0.6 1.5 24th 40.2 34.2 average 118%
Padthaway South 21.9 -2.7 40.7 20th 8.0 -1.7 2.1 16th 38.4 30.3 average 127%
Robe Airfield 19.0 -2.5 38.0 20th 9.7 -0.9 3.2 18th 48.0 33.1 high 145%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 2 December 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries