South Australia in June 2016: above average rainfall and warm nights

Most of South Australia recorded a wetter than average June. Rainfall was above average across most of the State, especially across northern and western districts. Night time temperatures were above average across the most of South Australia, particularly across the northern districts. Daytime temperatures were cooler than average in the State's west and northeast.

Rainfall above average

Cool days and warm nights

  • Very much above average minimum temperatures for northern districts
  • Night time temperatures were more than three degrees above average across the State's north
  • Warmest June mean minimum temperature for South Australia since 1996
  • Daytime temperatures were generally cooler than average for most of South Australia
  • Mean maximum temperatures were more than one degree below average in western districts
  • Several sites in outback South Australia had their highest June mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

Strong winds

  • Strong winds were recorded on the 23rd and 24th as a cold front crossed the State
  • Cape Willoughby and Neptune Island each recorded wind gusts of 111 km/h on the 23rd

Further information

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Extremes in June 2016
Hottest day 26.4 °C at Moomba Airport on the 8th
Warmest days on average 19.1 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 10.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 7.0 °C at Mount Lofty on the 29th
Coldest night -4.2 °C at Yunta Airstrip on the 13th
Coolest nights on average 5.0 °C at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)
5.0 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 12.4 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.3 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on the 16th
Warmest on average overall 14.3 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 8.3 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 315.8 mm at Bridgewater
Driest overall 8.6 mm at Cameron Corner (Lindon)
Wettest day 99.0 mm at Whyalla (Mullaquana) on the 18th
Strongest wind gust 111 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 23rd
111 km/h at Neptune Island on the 23rd

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest June daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Penong 31.4 on the 18th 28.4 on the 20th in 1968 109
Nonning 35.2 on the 16th 33.0 on the 6th in 1921 107
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 99.0 on the 18th 45.0 on the 6th in 2001 99
Whyalla (Broadview Station) 45.4 on the 18th 35.0 on the 6th in 1994 76
Mount Gambier Aero 50.0 on the 23rd 39.0 on the 25th in 1990 75
Moonaree (Kangaroo Well) 28.4 on the 16th 27.0 on the 16th in 1995 31



Record highest June total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
June
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 152.2 82.8 in 2013 100 26.3
Mount Gambier Aero 163.0 160.0 in 2004 75 84.9
Whyalla (Broadview Station) 82.0 78.2 in 1991 75 25.4

Highest June total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
June
Woomera (Pernatty Station) 68.2 69.5 in 1951* 14.7
Ceduna AMO 72.6 73.4 in 1981 36.1
Darke Peak 102.0 129.6 in 1981 48.9
Penong 72.4 84.6 in 1981 42.6
Bridgewater 315.8 337.3 in 1981* 152.7
Mount Dare 38.8 54.8 in 1978* 11.0
Buckleboo (Karinya) 66.0 86.8 in 1991 36.8
Kimba 82.2 110.2 in 1991 40.7
Nonning 72.4 80.2 in 1991 27.1
Wirrulla 70.6 95.6 in 1991* 38.5
Nullarbor 74.6 76.0 in 1995 30.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Highest June mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
June
Woomera Aerodrome 8.4 9.3 in 1991 6.7
Coober Pedy Airport 8.7 9.1 in 1996 6.9
Leigh Creek Airport 7.3 7.6 in 1996 5.5
Moomba Airport 9.5 10.4 in 1996 7.4
Oodnadatta Airport 9.5 9.9 in 1996 6.5



Summary statistics for June 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
June
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
June
2016
Mean for
June
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
June
2016
Total for
June
2016
Average
for
June
Rank of
June
2016
Fraction of
June
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 18.0 -0.6 23.3 14th 8.9 +1.9 3.0 13th 29.2 15.9 high 184%
Coober Pedy Airport 17.3 -1.0 23.6 15th 8.7 +1.8 4.1 29th 34.4 12.9 high 267%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 16.5 -1.2 22.8 15th 7.8 +3.1 1.9 20th 62.6 18.1 high 346%
Mount Ive 16.6   21.5 14th 7.2   1.7 4th 56.2 29.7 high 189%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 17.8 -0.7 22.9 14th 7.9 +2.7 0.7 13th 32.0 17.0 high 188%
Tarcoola Aero 18.0 -0.8 22.8 14th 7.9 +2.6 2.8 4th 39.4 14.4 v high 274%
Woomera Aerodrome 16.8 -0.6 22.3 14th 8.4 +1.7 3.3 13th 56.6 16.3 v high 347%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 16.1 -0.7 20.5 8th 5.6 +1.1 -1.0 13th 39.2 15.3 v high 256%
Leigh Creek Airport 16.5 -0.5 22.9 14th 7.3 +1.8 2.4 28th 50.2 17.8 v high 282%
Marree Aero 18.9 -0.4 23.6 14th 7.7 +1.9 1.5 28th 12.0 12.6 average 95%
Moomba Airport 18.8 -1.1 26.4 8th 9.5 +2.1 4.0 30th 27.4 11.2 high 245%
Oodnadatta Airport 19.1 -0.8 24.9 15th 9.5 +3.0 3.9 28th 50.8 12.0 v high 423%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 17.4 -0.8 22.5 14th 7.1 +0.6 1.6 28th 72.6 36.1 high 201%
Cleve 15.7 -0.3 20.5 14th 8.5 +0.5 4.5 14th 107.0 47.8 v high 224%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.4 -0.6 20.4 14th 8.1 -0.2 3.6 14th 97.0 44.8 v high 217%
Coulta (Coles Point) 16.3 -0.1 19.3 14th 8.2 +0.1 3.9 25th 93.0 55.1 high 169%
Cummins Aero 16.0   19.9 14th 6.6   1.1 25th 81.6 63.5 average 129%
Elliston 17.1 0.0 20.7 14th 9.1 +0.6 3.5 4th 68.4 72.7 average 94%
Kimba 15.4 -0.6 20.0 1st 6.7 +0.8 2.0 13th 82.2 40.7 v high 202%
Kyancutta 17.6 -0.2 22.5 14th 6.0 +0.6 0.6 4th 52.4 38.8 high 135%
Minnipa Pirsa 16.1 -0.6 21.1 1st 7.9 +0.5 4.5 13th 64.2 38.4 high 167%
Neptune Island 16.0 0.0 18.3 15th 12.4 +0.1 7.6 24th 102.4 68.5 high 149%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.4 -0.4 19.3 1st 8.4 -0.2 3.4 14th 71.2 63.3 average 112%
Nullarbor 17.5 -1.3 22.7 15th 7.5 +1.1 3.0 28th 74.6 30.5 v high 245%
Port Augusta Aero 17.3 -0.7 20.8 1st 7.2 +1.0 1.0 28th 44.0 26.0 high 169%
Streaky Bay 17.4 +0.2 21.5 14th 9.8 +0.7 6.1 12th 69.8 62.2 average 112%
Whyalla Aero 16.9 -0.3 19.2 8th 7.0 +0.8 -0.5 13th 77.0 29.3 v high 263%
Wudinna Aero 17.0 -0.4 21.6 14th 7.6 +0.9 2.7 14th 46.8 36.2 average 129%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.2 -1.2 19.0 14th 6.1 +1.6 -1.0 28th 57.6 38.3 high 150%
Yongala 12.8 -0.8 18.0 14th 5.0 +2.1 -1.1 13th 48.4 39.5 average 123%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 16.7 -0.4 21.0 14th 5.0 +0.7 -3.6 13th 30.9 25.3 average 122%
Yunta Airstrip 15.1 -0.7 19.8 14th 5.2 +1.4 -4.2 13th 29.6 15.8 high 187%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 12.9 -0.6 19.0 14th 5.7 +0.7 -0.2 25th 96.6 69.2 high 140%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 16.7   22.1 14th 8.4   1.4 13th 68.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 15.7 -0.4 21.1 14th 6.9 +1.2 0.8 13th 94.8 53.7 high 177%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 16.2 +0.3 18.1 16th 8.7 -0.3 2.4 25th 46.4 57.9 average 80%
Kadina AWS 16.2 +0.2 22.1 14th 7.8 +1.8 0.9 13th 78.6 44.4 high 177%
Maitland 15.6 +0.2 21.0 14th 8.0 +0.1 4.3 26th 96.4 69.5 high 139%
Minlaton Aero 16.4 +0.2 20.2 15th 8.5 +0.6 4.3 25th 49.4 54.6 average 90%
Stenhouse Bay 16.3 0.0 20.1 15th 10.1 -0.1 5.3 14th 63.8 70.7 average 90%
Warooka 16.3 +0.4 20.0 15th 9.0 +0.4 5.2 13th 57.2 65.1 average 88%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.9 -0.2 17.0 1st 9.7 -0.2 6.3 24th 109.8 89.5 average 123%
Cape Willoughby 15.2 +0.3 17.3 14th 11.1 +0.3 6.2 24th 74.8 74.9 average 100%
Kingscote Aero 16.1 0.0 18.7 2nd 6.4 -0.5 0.4 25th 71.2 66.9 average 106%
Parndana Cfs AWS 14.5   17.8 2nd 7.3   2.2 25th 80.0
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 16.0 -0.1 20.8 14th 8.9 +0.7 3.6 13th 95.2 78.8 average 121%
Adelaide Airport 16.2 +0.3 20.2 15th 9.2 +1.5 4.0 13th 69.8 56.5 average 124%
Edinburgh RAAF 15.9 0.0 21.3 14th 7.8 +1.0 2.0 13th 58.6 54.3 average 108%
Parafield Airport 16.2 +0.4 21.8 14th 7.9 +0.8 0.8 13th 52.4 54.0 average 97%
Roseworthy AWS 15.8 -0.4 20.9 14th 7.9 +1.3 1.6 13th 57.4 47.6 average 121%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 13.7 -0.3 19.8 14th 6.1 +0.9 0.3 29th 80.4 56.1 high 143%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.4 -0.2 20.5 14th 7.0 +0.8 1.0 13th 77.8 56.8 high 137%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.9 +0.1 19.2 14th 8.7 +0.1 2.3 13th 42.8 59.9 average 71%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.0 0.0 17.8 15th 7.7 +0.3 2.3 13th 136.8 109.2 average 125%
Mount Barker 14.4 +0.7 20.2 14th 6.2 +1.0 0.5 13th 113.0 100.2 average 113%
Mount Crawford AWS 11.5 -0.1 17.1 14th 6.8 +0.3 2.8 13th 100.0 85.4 average 117%
Mount Lofty 10.4 +1.3 16.4 14th 6.1 +0.5 2.6 13th 173.4
Noarlunga 15.7 +0.2 19.7 15th 9.7 +0.3 4.4 13th 77.8 65.5 average 119%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.7 +0.3 16.8 15th 8.1 +0.3 3.7 13th 133.2 124.4 average 107%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.1 0.0 18.3 15th 6.9 -0.6 0.4 13th 69.4 81.9 average 85%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.3 0.0 19.8 14th 5.8 +1.0 -2.1 13th 23.2 25.2 average 92%
Renmark Aero 16.4 -0.4 19.6 14th 5.3 +0.7 -3.8 13th 13.2 20.3 average 65%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.2 -0.5 18.6 14th 6.2 +0.5 1.8 13th 52.2 52.2 average 100%
Meningie 15.7 +0.1 19.7 14th 7.8 +0.8 2.4 13th 71.2 62.3 average 114%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 16.3 +0.4 20.1 14th 6.0 +0.7 -0.8 13th 21.8 32.6 average 67%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.7 -0.1 19.8 14th 7.6 +0.1 0.5 13th 48.2 52.6 average 92%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 15.7 -0.3 20.3 14th 5.3 -0.1 1.2 13th 31.0 35.1 average 88%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.7 +0.2 19.0 14th 6.6 +0.7 2.2 12th 44.1 52.7 average 84%
Keith (Munkora) 15.4 -0.3 18.6 14th 6.0 +0.7 1.6 14th 41.0 51.1 average 80%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 15.2 -0.2 19.1 14th 5.5 +0.4 -0.4 13th 15.4 26.2 low 59%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.7 0.0 16.6 1st 8.0 -0.1 2.3 4th 86.8 67.9 high 128%
Coonawarra 13.9 -0.6 16.6 1st 5.6 +0.1 -0.2 19th 90.2 76.2 average 118%
Mount Gambier Aero 13.5 -0.4 16.4 1st 5.2 -0.6 0.7 15th 163.0 84.9 highest 192%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.2 -0.8 16.6 28th 5.8 +0.2 0.4 19th 64.2 57.7 average 111%
Padthaway South 14.6 -0.4 16.9 15th 5.7 0.0 -0.6 25th 44.8 57.6 low 78%
Robe Airfield 15.0 -0.3 17.4 1st 6.3 -0.5 0.1 15th 142.8 88.2 high 162%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 July 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries