South Australia in July 2016: Above average rainfall for southeast agricultural areas, average temperatures

Parts of coastal and southeast areas of South Australia recorded a wetter than average July, with several locations in the southern Mount Lofty Ranges and the Lower Murray Valley reporting their wettest July on record. Rainfall tended closer to average across most other areas of the State. Night time temperatures were above average across the most of South Australia, particularly across the northern districts. Daytime temperatures were cooler than average in the west.

Heavy rain days across southern districts

Cooler days, nights generally mild

  • A squally cold front crossed the State on the 12th resulting in some sites having their coldest July day in more than 20 years and Neptune Island recording it's coldest July night on record
  • Well above average temperatures across the State in the third week of the month, due to northerly winds ahead of an approaching front, resulted in several locations having their warmest July day or warmest July night on record
  • The statewide average minimum temperature was more than 0.5 °C above average, with notable warmer than average nights in the north and east

Strong winds, hail and snow flurries on the 12th

  • A deep low pressure system centred south of Tasmania produced a vigorous west to southwesterly airstream over the south of the State, directing cold Antarctic air across south central and southeast districts
  • July was unusually windy, with winds typically about 30% above average over the month and some locations recording the windiest for July in about 20 years
  • Damaging winds were recorded across about southern coasts and ranges
  • The strongest gusts included 120 km/h at Mount Crawford, 113 km/h at Port Lincoln, 111 km/h at Kingscote and Cape Jaffa, and 109 km/h at Hindmarsh Island and Minlaton
  • Hail, sleet and snow flurries were also observed about elevated areas in the ranges and in Southeast districts

Further information

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Extremes in July 2016
Hottest day 29.6 °C at Moomba Airport on the 22nd
Warmest days on average 19.4 °C at Moomba Airport
19.4 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 9.3 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 4.6 °C at Mount Lofty on the 12th
Coldest night -5.0 °C at Yunta Airstrip on the 16th
Coolest nights on average 3.4 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 11.1 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.6 °C at Marree Aero on the 22nd
Warmest on average overall 13.4 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 7.2 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 269.8 mm at Aldgate
Wettest day 84.0 mm at Myponga on the 5th
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at Cape Willoughby on the 12th
139 km/h at Neptune Island on the 12th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest July daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Hamley Bridge 40.0 on the 5th 33.0 on the 10th in 1905 133
Mallala 38.8 on the 5th 31.8 on the 6th in 1891 133
Marrabel 49.0 on the 5th 35.3 on the 28th in 1907 133
Two Wells 39.6 on the 5th 34.0 on the 9th in 1951 130
Uraidla 61.8 on the 5th 61.7 on the 14th in 1955 126
Happy Valley Reservoir 62.6 on the 5th 56.4 on the 8th in 1993 125
American River 43.2 on the 12th 40.6 on the 5th in 1896 115
Adelaide (Morphett Vale) 56.0 on the 5th 40.0 on the 31st in 1975 112
Finniss 48.6 on the 5th 36.3 on the 12th in 1964 103
Owen 40.0 on the 5th 37.4 on the 8th in 1993 91
Adelaide (Brighton) 43.2 on the 5th 36.3 on the 14th in 1941 73
Stockport (Clifton) 47.8 on the 5th 33.8 on the 8th in 1993 58
Adelaide (Kent Town) 37.6 on the 5th 32.8 on the 8th in 1993 40
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 41.2 on the 5th 36.2 on the 28th in 1998 38
Blackwood (Wittunga) 50.8 on the 5th 48.9 on the 4th in 1986 38
Burnside 55.6 on the 5th 33.5 on the 21st in 1920 38
Clare High School 37.6 on the 5th 26.0 on the 9th in 2005 23
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 46.4 on the 5th 28.0 on the 28th in 1998 23
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 69.8 on the 5th 51.0 on the 19th in 1999 23
Strathalbyn Racecourse 35.6 on the 5th 28.4 on the 1st in 2009 21



Record highest July total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
July
Strathalbyn 169.2 133.2 in 1986 155 64.7
Callington 113.6 103.0 in 1886 134 44.1
Tarlee 129.8 115.4 in 1909 134 55.2
Macclesfield 217.4 208.0 in 1986 131 101.4
Stockport (Clifton) 136.0 114.6 in 1995 56 56.2
Burnside 139.6 129.8 in 2013 38 79.8
Strathalbyn Racecourse 143.0 100.4 in 2013 21 55.9

Highest July total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
July
Adelaide (Morphett Vale) 156.4 161.2 in 1890* 76.3
Langhorne Creek 95.8 101.8 in 1922* 44.3
Mallala 92.0 106.9 in 1951 45.7
Owen 107.2 118.7 in 1951* 51.2
Auburn 148.8 165.0 in 1963* 74.7
Penneshaw 142.7 151.9 in 1974 79.7
Inman Valley 240.4 244.0 in 1974* 114.5
Goolwa Council Depot 109.0 152.6 in 1974* 62.0
Woodside 218.0 301.5 in 1964* 118.1
Finniss 144.2 146.4 in 1974* 66.1
Stansbury 90.9 93.0 in 1989 55.3
Ungarra 82.0 83.1 in 1984* 60.7
Adelaide (Brighton) 126.8 136.5 in 1951* 64.9
Balaklava 65.4 67.9 in 1995 42.1
Clarendon 182.2 200.8 in 1995 112.7
Farrell Flat 85.2 104.8 in 1995 58.5
Happy Valley Reservoir 161.8 170.0 in 1995 86.6
Heathfield Works Depot 241.1 306.4 in 1995 158.3
Hilltown 111.0 121.0 in 1986* 65.2
Kapunda 93.4 109.4 in 1995 59.7
Marrabel 101.8 122.4 in 1995 63.4
Mintaro 118.0 136.4 in 1995 77.7
Mount Bold Reservoir 206.2 239.6 in 1995 116.8
Myponga 228.6 237.4 in 1995 115.3
Palmer 93.2 104.0 in 1995 49.4
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 211.4 244.0 in 1995 129.4
Penola Post Office 139.4 155.8 in 1995 88.4
Point Pass 96.4 110.6 in 1995 54.8
Sedan 50.0 70.8 in 1995 31.1
Yankalilla 158.6 172.6 in 1995 83.0
Aldgate 269.8 360.0 in 1995* 171.3
Blackwood (Wittunga) 151.0 172.4 in 1995* 109.1
Cape Willoughby 134.6 152.4 in 1995* 82.1
Eudunda 80.2 85.0 in 1996 51.4
Freeling 90.8 94.4 in 1996 61.2
Hamley Bridge 90.2 93.0 in 1995* 49.8
Nairne 172.0 212.0 in 1995* 93.5
Riverton 120.4 136.8 in 1995* 64.1
Robertstown 64.2 66.4 in 1996 36.3
Truro 93.0 109.4 in 1996 59.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest July temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
July
Maitland 21.8 on the 22nd 21.5 on the 27th in 2002 37 14.3
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 24.1 on the 21st 22.6 on the 1st in 2011 25 16.1
Clare High School 21.2 on the 21st 21.0 on the 27th in 2002 23 12.8
Mount Crawford AWS 18.7 on the 21st 18.6 on the 27th in 2002 23 10.9
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.7 on the 21st 17.5 on the 1st in 2011 23 11.6
Cleve Aerodrome 23.7 on the 21st 23.0 on the 10th in 2006 21 15.5
Minnipa Pirsa 25.4 on the 21st 24.0 on the 29th in 1999 21 16.2
Stenhouse Bay 21.8 on the 21st 20.5 on the 29th in 1999 21 15.5
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.6 on the 21st 22.5 on the 27th in 2002 21 14.9
Nuriootpa Pirsa 22.0 on the 21st 21.7 on the 27th in 2002 20 13.4



Record lowest July daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
July
Kingscote Aero 9.3 on the 12th 10.7 on the 28th in 1998 23 15.4
Mount Crawford AWS 5.5 on the 12th 5.7 on the 14th in 2006 23 10.9
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 7.0 on the 12th = 7.0 on the 28th in 1998 23 11.6



Record highest July daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
July
Elliston 15.3 on the 22nd 15.0 on the 29th in 2011 55 7.8
Andamooka 15.6 on the 22nd 14.4 on the 30th in 1993 47 6.0
Hawker 13.5 on the 22nd 13.4 on the 30th in 1975 43 3.7
Edithburgh 13.4 on the 22nd 13.2 on the 1st in 2011 26 7.5
Renmark Aero 13.0 on the 22nd = 13.0 on the 14th in 2013 21 3.7
Ernabella (Pukatja) 15.3 on the 22nd = 15.3 on the 3rd in 2007 20 4.3



Record lowest July temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
July
Neptune Island 5.0 on the 13th 5.2 on the 30th in 1994 55 11.3
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) -0.3 on the 16th 1.4 on the 20th in 1997 25 7.5



Summary statistics for July 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
July
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
July
2016
Mean for
July
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
July
2016
Total for
July
2016
Average
for
July
Rank of
July
2016
Fraction of
July
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 18.4 0.0 27.1 21st 6.2 +0.2 0.5 17th 4.6 12.0 average 38%
Coober Pedy Airport 18.3 -0.1 28.4 21st 6.5 +0.2 1.5 17th 6.6 5.0 high 132%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 17.8 -0.4 26.7 31st 5.3 +1.0 -0.6 26th 12.4 13.4 average 93%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 18.3 -0.1 26.9 21st 4.8 +0.6 -2.0 15th 5.0 7.0 average 71%
Tarcoola Aero 18.3 -0.5 28.1 21st 5.0 +0.4 -1.4 16th 10.4 12.3 average 85%
Woomera Aerodrome 17.6 +0.7 26.8 21st 6.2 +0.4 1.6 16th 7.0 14.8 average 47%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 16.6 0.0 24.5 21st 4.3 +1.0 -2.6 15th 14.3 14.8 average 97%
Leigh Creek Airport 16.8 +0.2 25.4 21st 5.4 +0.7 -1.1 15th 12.6 16.2 average 78%
Marree Aero 19.2 +0.1 28.1 21st 5.3 +0.2 -0.2 16th 6.0 4.9 high 122%
Moomba Airport 19.4 -0.2 29.6 22nd 7.4 +1.1 2.8 7th 2.0 14.5 average 14%
Oodnadatta Airport 19.4 -0.2 28.6 21st 6.3 +0.5 0.0 16th 3.8 9.7 average 39%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 17.2 -0.2 28.5 21st 5.9 +0.1 -1.2 16th 39.0 39.6 average 98%
Cleve 15.1 -0.2 24.0 21st 7.3 +0.2 3.2 14th 55.4 46.3 average 120%
Cleve Aerodrome 14.8 -0.7 23.7 21st 7.1 -0.4 2.9 14th 49.8 43.8 average 114%
Coulta (Coles Point) 15.2 -0.3 22.9 21st 7.5 +0.1 1.7 16th 72.0 51.5 high 140%
Cummins Aero 15.0   23.1 21st 4.9   -0.2 6th 84.2 68.9 average 122%
Elliston 16.0 -0.4 24.9 21st 8.4 +0.6 2.1 16th 81.0 70.8 average 114%
Kimba 15.0 -0.5 23.5 21st 5.6 +0.6 0.0 16th 39.0 41.6 average 94%
Kyancutta 16.9 -0.2 26.5 21st 5.3 +0.5 -1.8 16th 39.5 40.4 average 98%
Minnipa Pirsa 15.4 -0.8 25.4 21st 6.7 +0.1 1.0 6th 49.8 36.9 high 135%
Neptune Island 14.8 -0.5 19.6 21st 11.1 -0.2 5.0 13th 79.4 76.2 average 104%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 15.6 -0.5 24.1 21st 7.0 -0.5 -0.3 16th 82.2 57.4 high 143%
Nullarbor 17.2 -1.0 24.9 29th 6.1 +1.0 0.3 16th 24.8 27.4 average 91%
Port Augusta Aero 17.5 -0.2 26.7 21st 4.7 0.0 -2.3 16th 8.2 17.6 v low 47%
Streaky Bay 16.4 -0.1 22.0 21st 8.7 +0.2 4.1 8th 66.0 61.2 average 108%
Whyalla Aero 17.0 +0.1 25.8 21st 5.5 +0.3 -1.0 15th 13.4 23.1 average 58%
Wudinna Aero 16.1 -0.7 25.5 21st     -0.8 6th 35.2 36.6 average 96%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 15.4 -0.5 23.0 21st 3.7 0.0 -3.5 15th 17.8 33.5 low 53%
Yongala 12.5 -0.3 21.2 23rd 3.4 +1.2 -2.2 15th 24.4 39.4 low 62%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 16.6 -0.3 22.5 19th 4.0 +0.4 -4.0 16th 16.1 20.6 average 78%
Yunta Airstrip 15.7 +0.3 23.3 21st 3.9 +0.9 -5.0 16th 5.6 16.1 low 35%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 12.9 +0.1 21.2 21st 4.9 +0.8 -2.0 15th 105.4 68.5 high 154%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 16.2   23.8 21st 5.9   -0.7 16th 24.0
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 15.1 -0.2 22.3 21st 5.3 +0.7 -1.5 15th 51.8 42.1 high 123%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.2 +0.2 23.0 21st 7.5 0.0 1.6 17th 69.4 47.7 high 145%
Kadina AWS 15.3 -0.2 22.4 21st 6.1 +0.9 -1.7 16th 33.8 34.7 average 97%
Maitland 14.7 +0.4 21.8 22nd 6.8 -0.2 4.3 17th 85.0 66.0 high 129%
Minlaton Aero 15.0 -0.3 21.9 21st 7.3 +0.3 2.9 16th 54.4 48.6 average 112%
Stenhouse Bay 15.2 -0.3 21.8 21st 9.0 -0.1 4.1 16th 83.4 68.3 high 122%
Warooka 14.8 -0.2 19.6 21st 8.2 +0.6 4.2 16th 68.2 65.5 average 104%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 13.9 -0.3 17.4 21st 9.1 0.0 4.8 13th 117.2 92.3 high 127%
Cape Willoughby 14.1 -0.1 18.5 21st 9.7 -0.1 5.3 13th 134.6 82.1 v high 164%
Kingscote Aero 14.9 -0.5 20.3 21st 6.6 +0.7 -0.9 16th 124.4 68.6 v high 181%
Parndana Cfs AWS 13.3   18.3 21st 7.0   2.8 16th 149.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 15.3 0.0 22.7 21st 8.1 +0.6 2.0 16th 112.0 77.4 high 145%
Adelaide Airport 15.1 +0.2 22.8 21st 8.4 +1.4 2.4 16th 91.2 59.9 high 152%
Edinburgh RAAF 15.1 -0.2 22.7 21st 6.9 +0.9 1.8 16th 78.8 54.1 high 146%
Parafield Airport 15.2 +0.1 22.9 21st 7.0 +0.7 -0.2 16th 96.8 59.4 v high 163%
Roseworthy AWS 15.0 -0.3 22.4 21st 6.6 +0.9 0.3 17th 82.8 44.3 v high 187%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 13.3 -0.1 22.0 21st 5.4 +0.8 -1.8 16th 76.0 56.5 high 135%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 14.7 0.0 23.4 21st 6.0 +0.5 0.2 16th 74.2 59.5 high 125%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.1 -0.1 23.5 21st 8.2 +0.2 2.4 17th 82.0 50.9 high 161%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 12.1 -0.2 20.1 21st 6.9 +0.3 2.4 13th 208.8 112.8 v high 185%
Mount Barker 13.8 +0.9 21.2 21st 6.1 +1.6 0.5 16th 184.0 107.5 v high 171%
Mount Crawford AWS 10.7 -0.2 18.7 21st 5.8 0.0 1.1 13th 126.2 97.2 high 130%
Mount Lofty 9.3 +0.7 16.9 21st 5.0 +0.1 0.6 5th 208.8
Noarlunga 14.5 -0.3 21.9 21st 9.0 +0.4 4.0 17th 118.4 65.9 v high 180%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 11.3 -0.3 18.7 21st 7.2 +0.3 3.1 13th 211.4 129.4 v high 163%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 15.2 -0.2 23.0 21st 6.9 +0.3 -1.0 17th 153.8 82.1 v high 187%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.0 +0.2 23.8 21st 5.2 +1.3 -1.9 16th 24.6 27.4 average 90%
Renmark Aero 16.5 +0.2 24.3 21st 4.8 +1.1 -3.5 16th 13.8 19.5 low 71%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 12.8 -0.3 21.5 21st 5.3 +0.3 0.3 16th 80.2 51.4 high 156%
Meningie 15.1 +0.1 21.5 21st 7.5 +0.8 0.6 17th 82.4 62.0 high 133%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 15.3 -0.1 23.0 21st 5.7 +1.1 -1.6 16th 73.8 39.0 v high 189%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.0 +0.1 22.6 21st 7.4 +0.9 0.4 16th 143.0 55.9 highest 256%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 15.1 -0.5 20.6 18th 5.3 +0.6 0.0 16th 57.2 35.2 high 163%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 14.7 -0.3 20.0 21st 6.7 +1.2 1.5 7th 102.0 55.5 v high 184%
Keith (Munkora) 14.5 -0.4 20.1 21st 6.1 +1.1 0.7 16th 85.6 55.4 v high 155%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 14.1 -0.5 19.4 18th 5.7 +1.4 1.1 17th 47.6 32.9 high 145%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.1 +0.1 17.0 21st 8.3 +0.7 4.2 13th 112.4 81.2 high 138%
Coonawarra 13.8 0.0 18.8 21st 6.2 +1.1 0.5 7th 75.8 79.6 average 95%
Mount Gambier Aero 13.3 +0.1 18.3 21st 6.5 +1.3 1.6 9th 147.4 100.1 high 147%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 13.8 -0.3 18.8 21st 6.0 +0.8 0.7 7th 107.6 58.3 v high 185%
Padthaway South 13.9 -0.4 19.0 21st 5.9 +0.4 -0.9 16th 94.4 63.1 high 150%
Robe Airfield 14.4 -0.1 19.7 21st 7.8 +1.3 2.2 8th 151.2 98.3 high 154%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Monday 1 August 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries