Victoria in November 2012: Rainfall much less than that usually received

Highlights:

  • Overnight temperatures slightly warmer than those in most years
  • Daytime temperatures much warmer than those in most years
  • Rainfall much less than that in most years

Summary

Bureau of Meteorology data show that across the State of Victoria, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced. Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past . Total rainfall for the month was generally much less than that usually recorded.

Specifically over the northern plains, minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 0.9C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 2.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 32.3%).

In southern districts, minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally slightly less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 69.4%).

Details

In the Mallee, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.7C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 10%).

In the Wimmera, overnight minimum temperatures were near to those usually experienced (average departure from normal 0C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 2.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 44.5%).

In the Northern Country, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.3C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 2.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 8.5%).

In Victoria's North Central District, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.1C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 2.1C). Total rainfall for the month was generally much less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 35.5%).

In the North East District, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 0.7C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 2.1C). Total rainfall for the month was generally less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 52.7%).

In East Gippsland, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.5C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were slightly warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 0.7C). Total rainfall for the month was generally close to that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 95.5%).

In West Gippsland, overnight minimum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 1.2C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally slightly less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 69.5%).

In the Central District, overnight minimum temperatures were slightly warmer than those usually experienced (average departure from normal 0.9C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.3C). Total rainfall for the month was generally less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 58%).

In the Western District, overnight minimum temperatures were near to those usually experienced (average departure from normal 0.4C). Daytime maximum temperatures at most localities were much warmer than those registered in the past (average departure from normal 1.8C). Total rainfall for the month was generally less than that usually recorded (average percentage of normal received 60.5%).

Melbourne climate summary for the month of November 2012

Rainfall less than that usually received.

Located in the Central District at the head of Port Phillip Bay, Melbourne is Victoria's State Capital. Here, overnight minimum temperatures were much warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 13.7C (departure from normal 2.5C). That the overnight temperatures in Melbourne are higher than those in most surrounding localities is a consequence of the city being under the influence of the effect of urbanisation (cities are usually warmer than their rural surroundings, especially at night, because of heat stored in bricks and concrete and trapped between close-packed buildings). Daytime maximum temperatures were warmer than those usually experienced and averaged 23.3C (departure from normal 1.4C). Total rainfall for the month was 36.6 mm, this being less than that usually recorded (normal 60.3 mm, percentage of normal received 61%).

Rainfall

There is a map of total rainfall below.

There is a map of rainfall deciles below.

Temperature

Maximum temperature

Some sites had their highest November temperature on record.

There is a map of mean maximum temperatures below.

There is a map of maximum temperature anomalies below.

Minimum temperature

Some sites had their lowest November temperature on record.

Some sites had their warmest November night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.

There is a map of mean minimum temperatures below.

There is a map of minimum temperature anomalies below.

Further information

Media
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Enquiries

Extremes in November 2012
Hottest day 45.8 C at Ouyen (Post Office) on the 29th
Warmest days on average 30.8 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 12.2 C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 1.2 C at Mount Baw Baw on the 1st
Coldest night -4.0 C at Mount Hotham on the 10th
Coolest nights on average 4.0 C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 14.1 C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 26.3 C at Yarrawonga on the 30th
Warmest on average overall 22.3 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 8.1 C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 117.8 mm at Koetong
Highest wind gust 139 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 1st

Maps

Anomaly in mean maximum temperature

Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature

Mean maximum temperature

Map of Mean maximum temperature

Anomaly in mean minimum temperature

Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature

Mean minimum temperature

Map of Mean minimum temperature

Rainfall deciles

Map of Rainfall deciles

Rainfall totals

Map of Rainfall totals



Record highest November temperature
Highest temperature
in November 2012 (C)
Previous warmest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Mildura Airport 45.5 on the 29th 44.5 on the 17th in 1980 67 27.5
Echuca Aerodrome 43.2 on the 29th 43.0 on the 20th in 2007 56 26.0
Ouyen (Post Office) 45.8 on the 29th 44.0 on the 25th in 1997 56 27.3
Kerang 44.0 on the 29th 43.0 on the 20th in 2007 49 26.7
Longerenong 43.0 on the 29th 41.4 on the 24th in 1982 48 24.6
Maryborough 40.2 on the 29th 39.6 on the 24th in 1982 48 23.6
Walpeup Research 44.7 on the 29th 43.4 on the 25th in 1997 45 26.7
Ararat Prison 39.8 on the 29th 38.4 on the 24th in 1982 44 21.4
Essendon Airport 39.3 on the 29th 38.3 on the 23rd in 1966 43 21.7
Moorabbin Airport 39.5 on the 29th 38.7 on the 26th in 1997 42 21.6
Warracknabeal Museum 43.8 on the 29th 42.2 on the 16th in 1980 41 25.7
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 35.5 on the 29th = 35.5 on the 1st in 1987 31 18.6
Hamilton Airport 38.1 on the 29th 37.0 on the 30th in 2006 30 20.9
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 38.0 on the 29th 36.7 on the 26th in 1997 21 21.1
Frankston AWS 37.2 on the 29th 34.6 on the 26th in 2004 21 20.3
Port Fairy AWS 38.5 on the 29th 38.0 on the 30th in 2006 21 19.8
Sheoaks 38.3 on the 29th = 38.3 on the 21st in 2006 21 20.8
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 34.9 on the 29th 34.8 on the 20th in 2007 19 19.4
Avalon Airport 39.5 on the 29th 39.0 on the 26th in 1997 18 22.3
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 36.8 on the 29th 36.0 on the 22nd in 1997 17 18.6
Stawell Aerodrome 41.0 on the 29th 38.3 on the 25th in 1997 17 23.8
Horsham Aerodrome 42.3 on the 29th 40.0 on the 25th in 1997 16 26.1
Swan Hill Aerodrome 45.2 on the 29th 44.0 on the 25th in 1997 16 28.0
Warrnambool Airport NDB 38.3 on the 29th 37.1 on the 30th in 2006 15 20.4
Mount Baw Baw 26.0 on the 29th 25.0 on the 20th in 2007 14 12.5
Viewbank 39.1 on the 29th 38.4 on the 20th in 2009 14 24.3
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 38.1 on the 29th 35.4 on the 21st in 2006 13 20.4



Record highest November daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in November 2012 (C)
Previous warmest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Rutherglen Research 25.7 on the 30th 22.9 on the 21st in 2007 94 8.7
Laverton RAAF 23.1 on the 30th 23.0 on the 3rd in 2005 70 10.1
Mangalore Airport 24.3 on the 30th 23.7 on the 2nd in 1987 53 9.9
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 23.1 on the 30th 21.4 on the 29th in 2011 48 10.2
Kyabram 24.0 on the 30th 21.2 on the 20th in 2009 46 10.2
Lake Eildon 21.5 on the 30th = 21.5 on the 3rd in 2005 43 9.4
Dartmouth Reservoir 19.9 on the 30th 19.4 on the 20th in 2003 33 9.7
Strathbogie 22.2 on the 30th 20.0 on the 18th in 1978 33 7.5
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 23.6 on the 30th 23.2 on the 23rd in 1997 29 10.7
Edi Upper 22.5 on the 30th 19.2 on the 25th in 2002 27 9.7
Bendigo Airport 22.4 on the 30th 20.6 on the 19th in 2009 22 9.7
Sheoaks 21.4 on the 30th 20.3 on the 24th in 2010 21 9.0
Albury Airport AWS 23.0 on the 30th 21.9 on the 25th in 2002 20 11.7
Gelantipy 19.4 on the 30th 18.2 on the 14th in 2008 20 8.0
Redesdale 21.8 on the 30th 19.3 on the 3rd in 2005 20 8.5
Yarrawonga 26.3 on the 30th 24.2 on the 27th in 1994 20 11.2
Coldstream 21.5 on the 30th 21.2 on the 3rd in 2005 19 8.8
Mount Moornapa 22.2 on the 30th 21.8 on the 3rd in 2005 19 9.9
Eildon Fire Tower 22.2 on the 30th 21.7 on the 21st in 2006 17 9.8
Shepparton Airport 24.9 on the 30th 21.0 on the 29th in 2011 17 10.6
Dinner Plain (Mount Hotham Airport) 17.0 on the 30th 16.2 on the 28th in 2004 13 5.6
Viewbank 23.2 on the 30th 21.2 on the 3rd in 2005 13 11.5



Record lowest November temperature
Lowest temperature
in November 2012 (C)
Previous coolest
for November
Years of
record
Average for
November
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 1.5 on the 14th 1.8 on the 3rd in 1997 31 9.8



Summary statistics for November 2012
Maximum temperatures
for November
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for November
(C)
Rainfall
for November
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2012
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2012
Mean for
November
2012
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2012
Total for
November
2012
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2012
Fraction of
November
average
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 27.3 +1.5 37.4 29th 12.2 +0.5 5.8 19th 37.8 65.5 low 58%
Hume Reservoir 26.5 +1.5 36.2 29th 13.0 +1.3 5.6 2nd 44.4 53.1 average 84%
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 30.8 +3.3 45.5 29th 13.9 +1.4 6.9 2nd 3.6 26.1 low 14%
Ouyen (Post Office) 30.0 +2.7 45.8 29th 13.4 +1.9 4.5 2nd 1.6 28.2 v low 6%
Walpeup Research 29.8 +3.1 44.7 29th 12.8 +1.5 3.0 2nd 1.0 28.0 v low 4%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 29.1   45.0 29th 11.3   3.2 2nd 4.0
Swan Hill Aerodrome 29.5 +1.5 45.2 29th 12.1 +0.3 2.7 10th 2.2 48.8 lowest 5%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 27.4   42.4 29th 10.6   2.3 10th 8.4 34.6 low 24%
Warracknabeal Museum 28.1 +2.4 43.8 29th 11.0 +0.8 2.4 10th 16.6 31.7 low 52%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 25.1   39.4 29th 9.5   0.8 10th 12.4
Grampians (Mount William) 16.9   32.1 29th 6.7   1.1 2nd 30.4
Horsham Aerodrome 27.0 +0.9 42.3 29th 8.7 0.0 0.8 10th 12.4 32.8 low 38%
Kanagulk 25.4   41.3 29th 8.8   0.0 10th 11.4
Longerenong 27.3 +2.7 43.0 29th 9.2 +0.2 0.4 10th 10.8 31.0 low 35%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 20.6   36.1 29th 8.7   2.7 2nd 23.2
Stawell Aerodrome 25.1 +1.3 41.0 29th 10.4 +0.6 5.1 19th 10.4 45.3 low 23%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 28.4   43.8 29th 11.0   2.0 10th 8.6
Echuca Aerodrome 28.4 +2.4 43.2 29th 11.7 +0.5 4.5 10th 5.2 32.7 v low 16%
Kerang 28.8 +2.1 44.0 29th 13.0 +1.7 6.0 10th 1.2 29.9 v low 4%
Kyabram 27.9 +2.9 39.8 29th 11.3 +1.1 4.4 2nd 5.4 37.3 v low 14%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 26.6 +2.3 40.1 29th 10.5 +0.8 3.9 10th 6.4 47.8 lowest 13%
Shepparton Airport 27.4 +1.3 39.8 29th 11.5 +0.9 5.5 11th 7.6 50.8 lowest 15%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 26.6 +2.0 38.6 29th 11.5 +1.3 5.0 10th 5.8 40.1 v low 14%
Yarrawonga 28.9 +1.9 41.2 29th 11.8 +0.6 5.3 10th 13.8 45.1 v low 31%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 27.3   38.7 29th 10.9   3.5 18th 17.1
Corryong Airport 26.8   35.0 29th 9.2   1.6 2nd 82.8
Dartmouth Reservoir 25.2 +1.3 34.4 29th 11.6 +1.9 1.2 2nd 40.4 68.5 low 59%
Hunters Hill 21.3 +1.7 29.9 29th 10.7 +0.8 2.0 2nd 103.6 98.8 average 105%
Rutherglen Research 28.0 +2.7 39.0 29th 9.4 +0.7 1.1 2nd 19.4 45.3 low 43%
Strathbogie 23.6 +2.1 34.4 29th 8.8 +1.3 2.4 15th 15.6 64.2 low 24%
Wangaratta Aero 27.6 +2.0 38.5 29th 9.8 +0.3 4.2 18th 17.0 53.5 low 32%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Dinner Plain (Mount Hotham Airport) 18.5 +0.5 28.4 29th 5.6 0.0 -1.5 2nd 61.6 87.0 low 71%
Edi Upper 25.8 +2.1 35.4 29th 9.6 -0.1 3.8 2nd 26.2 87.5 v low 30%
Falls Creek 13.7 +1.3 22.4 29th 5.0 +0.8 -3.1 10th 93.8 133.7 average 70%
Mount Buller 15.2 +3.0 24.0 29th 7.6 +2.9 -2.2 2nd 83.2 127.5 average 65%
Mount Hotham 12.2 +1.1 21.0 29th 4.0 +0.2 -4.0 10th 107.8 148.2 average 73%
Omeo 22.0   31.6 29th 7.4   0.2 11th 75.0
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 22.1 +1.1 32.8 29th 10.7 +0.8 5.3 10th 89.8 112.5 low 80%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 19.1 +0.7 24.3 30th 14.1 +1.4 8.9 11th 60.8 72.8 average 84%
Gelantipy 20.0 +0.9 31.6 29th 9.2 +1.2 3.4 11th 112.4 99.5 average 113%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 21.6   34.3 5th 12.6   9.0 10th 58.2
Mallacoota 21.0 +0.4 28.9 5th 13.5 +1.5 6.8 11th 74.6 85.5 average 87%
Mount Nowa Nowa 21.4 +0.4 31.9 29th 11.7 +0.9 6.9 10th 96.6 88.8 average 109%
Orbost 22.3 -0.1 33.0 5th 11.8 +0.2 4.8 11th 77.2 76.7 average 101%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 21.6 +1.3 30.7 5th 13.4 +0.7 7.9 11th 57.7 80.9 average 71%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 22.9 +1.2 34.6 5th 10.4 +0.8 1.8 11th 47.2 80.9 average 58%
East Sale Airport 22.4 +1.1 33.0 5th 10.4 +0.8 3.6 11th 57.6 63.7 average 90%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 22.9 +1.0 33.2 24th 9.8 +0.3 4.2 11th 33.8 75.8 low 45%
Mount Baw Baw 13.1 +0.6 26.0 29th 4.3 -0.2 -1.9 13th 86.4 154.0 low 56%
Mount Moornapa 22.1 +1.1 32.9 29th 10.6 +0.7 6.3 2nd 74.6 113.6 low 66%
Pound Creek 20.9   32.3 29th 10.1   4.3 14th 41.6
Willow Grove (Blue Rock Reservoir) 22.2 +0.8 34.0 29th 10.6 +0.6 3.9 2nd 37.0 73.4 v low 50%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 18.6 +1.4 29.4 29th 12.7 +1.5 9.9 2nd 33.2 71.4 low 46%
Yarram Airport 21.6   31.2 30th 9.8   3.0 11th 27.4
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 23.1 +0.6 38.5 29th 11.6 +0.9 5.1 11th 44.4 70.8 low 63%
Cerberus 21.5 +1.1 36.6 29th 10.9 +0.3 5.5 14th 36.0 54.3 average 66%
Coldstream 23.0 +0.4 36.5 29th 9.3 +0.5 3.5 19th 43.0 71.9 low 60%
Coldstream Comparison 23.0   36.5 29th 9.2   3.3 19th 43.0
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 21.8 +0.7 38.0 29th 10.8 +0.3 5.7 11th 44.1 76.3 low 58%
Essendon Airport 23.3 +1.6 39.3 29th 11.6 +1.7 5.1 11th 27.0 59.0 low 46%
Ferny Creek 19.5   33.8 29th 9.9   5.3 14th 66.6
Frankston AWS 21.4 +1.1 37.2 29th 12.8 +0.6 9.2 11th
Melbourne Airport 23.3 +1.4 39.3 29th 10.9 +0.5 5.4 15th 22.4 63.0 v low 36%
Melbourne Regional Office 23.3 +1.4 39.6 29th 13.7 +2.5 8.2 11th 36.6 60.3 average 61%
Moorabbin Airport 22.8 +1.2 39.5 29th 11.8 +0.8 6.0 11th 39.2 63.3 low 62%
Phillip Island Penguin Reserve 20.0 +0.1 30.4 24th 10.5 0.0 5.4 14th 48.6 61.4 average 79%
Rhyll 21.0 +1.1 32.0 29th 12.8 +0.6 9.4 18th 39.2 60.3 low 65%
Scoresby Research Institute 23.1 +1.7 39.0 29th 11.0 +0.7 5.2 11th 57.0 81.7 low 70%
Viewbank 23.7 -0.6 39.1 29th 11.8 +0.3 5.3 11th 38.4 81.7 low 47%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 21.0 +1.6 34.9 29th 9.5 +0.6 5.0 14th 38.0 72.9 low 52%
Wonthaggi 21.3 +1.3 35.5 29th 11.4 +1.1 6.8 14th 44.0 69.9 low 63%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 23.0 +0.7 39.5 29th 10.2 -0.4 4.0 11th 27.0 49.4 average 55%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 22.4   37.5 29th 10.8   5.7 11th 34.8
Laverton RAAF 22.7 +1.2 39.1 29th 11.3 +1.2 5.0 11th 39.4 53.1 average 74%
Sheoaks 22.3 +1.5 38.3 29th 9.0 0.0 1.8 14th 35.2 66.8 low 53%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 24.5 +1.9 37.0 29th 10.7 +1.5 3.5 16th 14.0 48.7 v low 29%
Eildon Fire Tower 22.5 +1.6 33.6 29th 10.2 +0.4 4.3 10th 33.8 61.2 low 55%
Lake Eildon 25.3 +1.9 37.0 29th 9.7 +0.3 4.1 17th 31.0 68.0 low 46%
Mangalore Airport 26.5 +2.2 39.1 29th 11.2 +1.3 4.5 11th 12.6 48.1 low 26%
Maryborough 25.5 +1.9 40.2 29th 10.2 +0.8 4.9 18th 18.0 40.0 low 45%
Redesdale 25.7 +2.3 38.0 29th 9.0 +0.5 3.1 10th 12.4 41.6 low 30%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 23.9 +2.5 39.8 29th 8.6 +0.8 2.7 22nd 20.1 45.6 low 44%
Ballarat Aerodrome 21.6 +2.0 35.6 29th 8.4 +0.6 3.0 22nd 33.6 56.4 low 60%
Westmere 23.6   39.7 29th 7.2   -1.1 14th 33.6
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 20.7 +1.2 32.0 24th 11.6 +0.7 7.9 11th 38.8 61.3 low 63%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 20.1 +1.5 36.8 29th 12.2 +0.2 6.5 14th 22.0 42.8 low 51%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 19.2 +0.9 29.9 24th 11.8 +1.1 7.5 19th 31.6 63.7 low 50%
Casterton 23.3   38.2 29th 9.0   0.7 10th 29.2
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 21.7 +1.3 38.1 29th 9.8 +0.1 5.5 10th 35.2 49.1 average 72%
Dartmoor 23.6   40.0 29th 9.1   0.9 10th 28.2
Hamilton Airport 22.7 +1.8 38.1 29th 8.4 +0.3 2.1 10th 39.8 48.9 average 81%
Mortlake Racecourse 21.9 +1.2 38.2 29th 8.2 +0.3 -0.3 14th 26.0 50.3 low 52%
Port Fairy AWS 21.1 +1.3 38.5 29th 11.4 +0.3 4.8 14th 30.2 46.3 low 65%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 20.1 +1.5 35.5 29th 9.8 0.0 1.5 14th 30.6 52.5 low 58%
Portland NTC AWS 19.3   35.9 29th 11.9   6.5 10th
Warrnambool Airport NDB 21.2 +0.8 38.3 29th 9.2 +0.2 1.1 19th 20.8 53.2 v low 39%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 2 pm on Monday 3 December 2012. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries