Victoria in August 2013: Record Warm Nights

Victoria in August 2013 was characterised by:

  • Night-time temperatures the warmest on record in some parts
  • Above average rainfall in southern and Alpine parts
  • Warmer than usual daytime temperatures in most of the State.

Rainfall

Preliminary data indicates that rainfall was above average in some southern areas and the Alpine region. Elsewhere rainfall totals where mostly close to normal for August. The wettest station overall was Falls Creek (Rocky Valley) with 523.0 mm. Some sites had their highest total August rainfall on record. The wettest single day was the 6th when Falls Creek (Rocky Valley) recorded 86.8 mm and some sites had their highest August daily rainfall on record. The driest overall was Mildura Airport with 8.6 mm. Area averaged data indicates that Victoria recorded 84.78 mm of rainfall this August compared to the 1961-90 average of 73.77 mm. There is a map of rainfall deciles below.

Temperature

The warmest station on average (a combination of maximum and minimum temperatures) was Gabo Island Lighthouse with 12.9 C whilst the coolest on average was Mount Hotham with -1.7 C.

Maximum temperature

Average maximum temperatures were warmer than normal for most of the State except for parts of the Wimmera, North East and Central districts where they were more typical of August. The hottest day was the 30th when Ouyen (Post Office) recorded 28.0 C but Mildura Airport recorded the warmest days on average with 19.6 C. The coldest day was the 19th when Mount Hotham recorded -5.2 C and Mount Hotham also recorded the coolest days on average with 0.2 C. A couple of stations had their coldest August day (lowest maximum temperature) on record and Mount Moornapa recorded their highest August mean daily maximum temperature. The area averaged maximum temperature for Victoria was 14.76 C which is 1.02 C warmer than the 1961-90 average of 13.74 C. There is a map of maximum temperature anomalies below.

Minimum temperature

Night-time temperatures ranged from above average to highest on record in some parts. The coldest night was the 20th when Mount Hotham recorded -7.2 C and Mount Hotham also recorded the coolest nights on average with -3.5 C. The warmest night was the 29th when Mildura Airport recorded 14.8 C but Frankston AWS and Gabo Island Lighthouse shared the warmest nights on average with 9.4C. The area average minimum temperature for Victoria was 5.60 C which is 1.20 C warmer than the 1961-90 average of 4.40 C. August 2013 ranks as the 2nd warmest for average night-time temperatures since 1910 and many stations had their highest August mean daily minimum temperature on record. There is a map of minimum temperature anomalies below.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in August 2013
Hottest day 28.0 C at Ouyen (Post Office) on the 30th
Warmest days on average 19.6 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 0.2 C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day -5.2 C at Mount Hotham on the 19th
Coldest night -7.2 C at Mount Hotham on the 20th
Coolest nights on average -3.5 C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 9.4 C at Frankston AWS
9.4 C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 14.8 C at Mildura Airport on the 29th
Warmest on average overall 12.9 C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
12.9 C at Melbourne Regional Office
12.9 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall -1.7 C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 523.0 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
Driest overall 8.6 mm at Mildura Airport
Wettest day 86.8 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley) on the 6th
75.8 mm at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 23rd
69.4 mm at Mount Buller on the 23rd
Highest wind gust 141 km/h at Mount Hotham on the 16th

Maps

Anomaly in mean maximum temperature

Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature

Anomaly in mean minimum temperature

Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature

Rainfall deciles

Map of Rainfall deciles


Record highest August daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in August 2013 (mm)
Previous wettest
for August
Years of
record
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 75.8 on the 23rd 64.0 on the 13th in 1990 141
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 61.0 on the 14th 39.0 on the 26th in 2001 32
Mount Buller 69.4 on the 23rd 67.0 on the 15th in 2004 31
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 49.0 on the 14th 48.0 on the 26th in 2001 18
Broken River at Benalla 35.2 on the 8th 34.4 on the 11th in 2010 13
Campaspe River @ Rochester Syphon (202C) 19.8 on the 8th 19.2 on the 19th in 2010 13
Traralgon Ck at Traralgon South 64.6 on the 20th 56.6 on the 31st in 2012 13
Narracan Ck at Thorpdale 46.2 on the 20th 43.6 on the 25th in 2009 12
Arthurs Seat State Park 27.6 on the 21st =27.6 on the 11th in 2008 10
Poley Range 43.6 on the 23rd 43.0 on the 2nd in 2010 10
Poowong East (Upper Lang Lang RG) 35.8 on the 24th 32.8 on the 31st in 2012 10



Record highest total August rainfall
Total rainfall
for August 2013 (mm)
Previous wettest
for August
Years of
record
Average for
August
Ventnor (Oaklands) 140.4 139.0 in 2005 96 81.5
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 255.0 183.8 in 2001 32 109.8
Phillip Island Penguin Reserve 156.1 136.0 in 1991 31 82.1
Port Fairy AWS 184.0 163.6 in 2010 20 92.8
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 243.0 210.6 in 2001 18 108.6
Foster Hoddle 222.6 208.0 in 2001 18 119.3
Acheron River @ Taggerty 198.6 151.7 in 1975 17 92.7
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 110.2 104.6 in 2010 14 64.8
Angler's Rest (Big River at Joker Creek) 145.8 141.4 in 2005 13 79.3
Gooram (Hillside) 157.0 140.4 in 2010 13 76.4
Haines Junction (Mount Sabine) 364.0 303.6 in 2010 13 175.3
Halls (Buckland River at Twelve Mile) 265.0 247.6 in 2010 13 157.4
Holland Ck at Wrightley 213.8 210.8 in 2010 13 115.0
Home Ck @ Yarck 119.6 94.2 in 2010 13 56.7
Jim Crow Creek @ Yandoit 95.4 80.4 in 2002 13 55.5
Kilfeera (Holland Ck at Kelfeera) 126.8 125.0 in 2010 13 62.7
Lima South (Broken River at Moorngag) 163.0 153.4 in 2005 13 88.3
Loddon River @ Vaughan 92.0 82.8 in 2010 13 46.9
Lorne (Mount Cowley) 290.8 286.2 in 2001 13 164.3
Macalister River @ Glencairn 114.2 106.2 in 2001 13 67.6
Merton (Enderlee) 147.8 143.4 in 2010 13 74.0
Myrhee (Handcocks) 257.0 252.8 in 2005 13 158.6
Myrrhee (Cryers) 223.8 211.6 in 2005 13 128.4
Porepunkah (Buckland River at Harris Lan 297.2 257.6 in 2010 13 162.0
Seven Creeks at D/S Polly McQuinns Weir 154.8 146.6 in 2010 13 81.7
Tatong (Fld) 146.6 120.2 in 2005 13 69.5
Traralgon Ck at Traralgon South 218.6 170.6 in 2012 13 83.2
Barwon Downs (Gerangamete) 159.4 156.6 in 2010 12 78.7
Boolarra South 199.4 175.2 in 2005 12 123.2
Boonah 188.0 175.0 in 2010 12 113.0
Jamieson (Goulburn River @ Dohertys) 298.6 278.6 in 2010 12 150.4
Narracan Ck at Thorpdale 182.2 169.4 in 2010 12 102.9
Ovens River at Bright 244.0 200.0 in 2010 12 122.9
Seymour (Whiteheads Creek @ Whiteheads C 93.6 91.0 in 2005 12 55.4
Barwon River @ Ricketts Marsh 121.6 108.8 in 2010 11 60.1
Muckleford Creek (Muckleford Ck @ Muckle 71.8 71.4 in 2003 11 41.6
Ovens River @ Eurobin 237.0 225.6 in 2010 11 133.7
Strathbogie (Mount Wombat) 208.8 127.2 in 2010 11 75.4
Cardinia Creek @ Officer (Drop Structure 106.8 99.8 in 2010 10 59.0
Glencairn (Barkly River (Glenview)) 138.2 136.2 in 2005 10 88.8
Jamieson Licola Rd 269.8 231.8 in 2010 10 142.3
Kanagulk 98.8 = 98.8 in 2010 10 68.2
Poowong East (Upper Lang Lang RG) 243.4 183.6 in 2005 10 131.5



Record lowest August daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in August 2013 (C)
Previous coolest
for August
Years of
record
Average for
August
Hamilton Airport 7.5 on the 19th = 7.5 on the 2nd in 1995 31 13.3
Mount Buller -3.5 on the 19th = -3.5 on the 25th in 2010 27 2.1



Record highest August mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for August 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for August
Years of
record
Average for
August
Mount Moornapa 15.5 15.4 in 2009 19 13.6



Record highest August daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in August 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for August
Years of
record
Average for
August
Mangalore Airport 14.2 on the 29th 12.9 on the 20th in 1980 55 3.9
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 13.0 on the 29th 12.6 on the 20th in 1980 49 3.9
Castlemaine Prison 12.2 on the 29th 11.5 on the 16th in 1983 44 3.5
Bendigo Airport 12.2 on the 29th 11.7 on the 26th in 1999 22 2.6
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 11.4 on the 29th 11.3 on the 31st in 1999 20 4.2



Record highest August mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for August 2013 (C)
Previous warmest
for August
Years of
record
Average for
August
Melbourne Regional Office 9.3 9.2 in 2009 158 6.7
Wonthaggi 8.1 7.8 in 2009 44 6.7
Essendon Airport 7.8 7.7 in 2009 43 5.5
Lake Eildon 5.9 5.6 in 2009 43 4.2
Warracknabeal Museum 6.1 5.8 in 1984 40 4.4
Dartmouth Reservoir 5.2 5.0 in 1998 35 2.7
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 8.2 7.9 in 2009 31 6.7
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 6.1 5.7 in 2009 29 4.3
Phillip Island Penguin Reserve 9.0 8.9 in 2009 26 7.2
Wangaratta Aero 5.1 = 5.1 in 1996 26 3.0
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 7.8 7.7 in 1993 22 6.4
Bendigo Airport 4.5 4.1 in 2009 21 2.6
Cerberus 8.3 8.1 in 2009 21 6.6
Mortlake Racecourse 6.6 6.3 in 2009 21 4.8
Redesdale 4.3 4.2 in 1998 20 3.0
Avalon Airport 7.2 = 7.2 in 2009 18 5.5
Coldstream 6.0 5.9 in 2009 18 4.4
Stawell Aerodrome 6.2 6.0 in 2009 17 4.6
Swan Hill Aerodrome 5.1 5.0 in 2011 16 4.0
Horsham Aerodrome 5.1 4.6 in 2009 15 3.2
Viewbank 8.1 8.0 in 2009 13 6.3
Nhill Aerodrome 6.7 5.8 in 2011 10 4.7


Summary statistics for August 2013
Maximum temperatures
for August
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for August
(C)
Rainfall
for August
(millimetres)
Mean for
August
2013
Diff
from
average
Highest for
August
2013
Mean for
August
2013
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
August
2013
Total for
August
2013
Average
for
August
Rank of
August
2013
Fraction of
August
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 19.6 +2.3 27.6 29th 6.2 +0.9 0.9 20th 8.6 25.7 low 33%
Ouyen (Post Office) 19.0 +2.0 28.0 30th 6.2 +1.1 0.9 1st 21.2 32.6 average 65%
Walpeup Research 17.9 +1.5 26.6 31st 6.3 +0.9 0.4 20th 30.8 35.0 average 88%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 17.0 25.4 31st 4.7 -1.2 15th 25.0 26.7 average 94%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 17.5 +0.7 26.1 28th 5.1 +1.1 -1.9 1st 12.0 27.6 low 43%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 15.4 -0.2 24.1 31st 6.7 +2.0 1.6 20th 42.0 42.9 average 98%
Warracknabeal Museum 15.8 +0.2 23.3 31st 6.1 +1.7 0.1 20th 39.4 44.1 average 89%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 14.9 23.1 31st 6.6 1.4 8th 126.6
Grampians (Mount William) 6.3 14.2 28th 1.4 -2.4 20th 302.8
Horsham Aerodrome 15.3 +0.1 21.8 31st 5.1 +1.9 0.2 15th 56.8 40.7 high 140%
Kanagulk 14.6 21.2 31st 6.1 1.7 20th 98.8 68.2 highest 145%
Longerenong 15.3 +0.5 21.6 31st 5.5 +1.5 0.2 20th 50.2 43.8 average 115%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 9.0 17.1 31st 3.3 -0.5 20th 101.2
Stawell Aerodrome 13.9 -0.1 21.2 28th 6.2 +1.6 3.4 8th 68.6 57.5 average 119%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 15.5 22.7 31st 5.6 0.1 20th 41.2 38.3 average 108%
Echuca Aerodrome 15.9 +0.6 22.7 31st 5.3 +0.6 -1.5 1st 44.0 42.4 average 104%
Kerang 17.0 +0.9 25.5 28th 6.0 +1.1 -1.0 1st 25.2 37.1 average 68%
Kyabram 15.3 +0.4 21.6 31st 5.2 +1.3 -0.8 20th 49.0 43.3 average 113%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 14.3 +0.1 21.1 31st 4.5 +1.9 -2.2 1st 88.6 53.2 v high 167%
Shepparton Airport 14.8 -0.2 20.9 31st 5.1 +1.5 -0.4 1st 59.0 47.9 average 123%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 14.9 +0.2 20.9 31st 5.1 +1.2 -0.2 21st 68.8 47.5 high 145%
Yarrawonga 15.4 +0.1 20.7 31st 4.9 +1.2 0.1 1st 32.6 39.4 average 83%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 14.2 20.0 29th 4.9 0.4 20th 110.6
Corryong Airport 14.5 20.1 28th 4.1 0.0 9th 86.8
Dartmouth Reservoir 13.4 -0.1 19.7 31st 5.2 +2.5 0.6 8th 155.4 125.7 average 124%
Hunters Hill 8.7 -0.3 15.8 28th 2.7 +0.1 -1.6 20th 232.4 140.2 v high 166%
Rutherglen Research 14.6 +0.6 21.2 31st 3.6 +0.8 -1.1 11th 58.8 60.6 average 97%
Strathbogie 11.2 -0.4 17.3 31st 3.7 +1.4 -0.9 1st 163.2 116.8 high 140%
Wangaratta Aero 14.7 +0.2 20.8 29th 5.1 +2.1 0.5 11th 79.6 59.2 average 134%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Dinner Plain (Mount Hotham Airport) 7.5 -0.3 14.7 29th -0.2 +0.9 -5.4 9th 129.8 83.2 high 156%
Falls Creek 1.7 -0.3 7.7 29th -2.3 +0.3 -6.9 20th 160.0 90.2 v high 177%
Mount Buller 1.7 -0.4 7.8 31st -2.2 +0.2 -6.1 20th 332.6 156.3 v high 213%
Mount Hotham 0.2 -0.4 5.8 29th -3.5 -0.1 -7.2 20th 71.0 137.9 low 51%
Omeo 12.9 18.5 31st 2.1 -2.6 9th 63.8 48.8 high 131%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 14.0 +1.2 18.7 30th 5.9 +0.7 2.5 8th 57.4 62.6 average 92%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 16.4 +1.7 23.2 30th 9.4 +0.9 6.7 21st 30.6 71.6 low 43%
Gelantipy 12.2 +1.0 16.8 29th 3.5 +0.7 -0.2 9th 40.6 53.1 average 76%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 17.4 22.3 30th 7.2 1.1 1st 37.8
Mallacoota 16.9 +1.1 23.1 30th 6.5 +0.1 2.6 3rd 35.8 65.9 low 54%
Mount Nowa Nowa 15.9 +1.5 21.0 31st 7.1 +0.8 3.0 20th 37.4 61.5 low 61%
Orbost 17.6 +1.5 21.9 30th 6.6 +0.5 1.5 2nd 38.6 60.6 low 64%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 16.4 +1.4 20.9 29th 8.8 +0.3 4.6 1st 98.1 79.0 average 124%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 17.3 +1.6 22.5 31st 5.8 +1.3 -0.3 2nd 22.2 35.9 low 62%
East Sale Airport 16.3 +1.3 21.1 31st 6.0 +1.9 -0.2 16th 33.6 45.9 low 73%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 15.7 +0.8 21.7 31st 6.1 +1.8 -1.2 16th
Mount Baw Baw 2.5 -0.5 9.6 29th -1.6 -0.2 -5.3 20th 208.0 159.1 average 131%
Mount Moornapa 15.5 +1.9 20.8 31st 6.3 +0.7 2.0 20th 34.0 50.4 low 67%
Pound Creek 14.9 21.3 31st 8.0 4.7 20th 177.6
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 13.8 +1.0 20.8 31st 9.3 +1.0 5.7 20th 341.0 122.6 v high 278%
Yarram Airport 15.8 21.5 31st 7.1 1.7 16th 57.2
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 15.6 +0.7 22.9 29th 7.7 +1.6 4.0 20th 59.4 57.5 average 103%
Cerberus 15.0 +0.3 21.8 31st 8.3 +1.7 3.4 11th 118.8 78.1 high 152%
Coldstream 15.4 +0.6 22.4 28th 6.0 +1.6 -0.9 20th 71.8 68.0 average 106%
Coldstream Comparison 15.4 22.4 29th 5.9 -0.9 20th 71.8
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 15.1 +0.6 22.1 31st 7.8 +1.4 4.9 20th 121.8 81.2 v high 150%
Essendon Airport 15.6 +1.3 22.9 29th 7.8 +2.3 4.1 20th 39.6 48.6 average 81%
Ferny Creek 11.3 17.8 31st 5.7 1.2 20th 126.4
Frankston AWS 14.0 +0.3 21.6 29th 9.4 +1.1 6.4 20th
Melbourne Airport 15.6 +1.2 22.8 29th 7.2 +1.3 3.5 20th 39.2 46.1 average 85%
Melbourne Regional Office 16.5 +1.5 23.1 29th 9.3 +2.6 5.2 1st 57.0 50.1 average 114%
Moorabbin Airport 15.8 +0.9 22.7 29th 8.4 +1.6 5.6 1st 60.0 65.8 average 91%
Phillip Island Penguin Reserve 14.5 +0.1 21.3 31st 9.0 +1.8 4.9 9th 156.1 82.1 highest 190%
Rhyll 14.6 +0.3 20.2 31st 9.3 +0.9 5.1 20th 145.6 80.2 v high 182%
Scoresby Research Institute 15.4 +1.2 22.1 29th 7.9 +1.6 3.5 20th 85.4 80.1 average 107%
Viewbank 15.6 +0.4 22.7 29th 8.1 +1.8 2.6 1st 49.0 56.6 average 87%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 11.2 +0.7 17.8 29th 5.0 +0.8 1.1 3rd 70.8 63.5 average 111%
Wonthaggi 14.8 +0.4 21.5 31st 8.1 +1.4 4.1 1st 173.2 102.8 v high 168%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 16.2 +0.7 23.4 31st 7.2 +1.7 2.6 21st 36.8 44.2 average 83%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 15.8 22.8 31st 7.9 4.0 20th 55.2
Laverton RAAF 16.1 +1.2 22.7 31st 7.5 +2.0 3.3 21st 44.0 44.7 average 98%
Sheoaks 13.8 +0.4 21.0 29th 6.9 +1.6 2.6 1st 57.8 45.2 high 128%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 13.4 +0.1 20.1 31st 5.0 +1.5 -0.9 1st 100.4 67.8 high 148%
Eildon Fire Tower 10.7 +0.2 17.8 29th 4.9 +0.6 0.9 20th 115.0 78.9 high 146%
Lake Eildon 13.9 +0.3 21.3 29th 5.9 +1.7 0.3 9th 166.8 99.9 v high 167%
Mangalore Airport 14.1 0.0 19.9 28th 5.0 +1.1 -1.5 20th 67.0 62.9 average 107%
Maryborough 14.3 +0.4 21.2 31st 5.1 +1.2 0.3 20th 73.8 56.6 high 130%
Redesdale 13.5 0.0 19.8 28th 4.3 +1.3 -1.0 1st 78.4 61.0 high 129%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 13.8 +0.8 20.8 28th 5.6 +1.7 0.8 15th 80.2 69.5 average 115%
Ballarat Aerodrome 12.3 +0.9 19.6 28th 4.2 +0.5 -0.1 19th 73.6 75.0 average 98%
Westmere 14.0 20.6 28th 6.0 2.2 20th 77.0
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 14.3 -0.1 20.3 29th 7.8 +0.4 3.6 20th 97.4 69.2 high 141%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 15.1 +0.6 22.9 31st 9.2 +0.5 6.0 19th 243.0 108.6 highest 224%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 14.2 +0.4 21.6 31st 8.9 +1.1 5.7 13th 205.4 103.8 v high 198%
Casterton 14.7 21.4 31st 6.7 1.0 8th 143.6
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 13.2 +0.5 19.3 31st 6.2 +0.7 2.4 20th 110.2 64.8 highest 170%
Dartmoor 15.0 21.7 31st 7.0 2.1 8th 197.8
Hamilton Airport 13.8 +0.5 21.3 28th 6.0 +1.2 1.8 8th 114.8 80.0 high 144%
Mortlake Racecourse 14.6 +0.7 20.5 31st 6.6 +1.8 3.1 8th 106.4 69.0 high 154%
Port Fairy AWS 15.7 +0.6 22.1 31st 8.3 +1.0 4.7 19th 184.0 92.8 highest 198%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 14.6 +0.6 21.5 31st 8.2 +1.5 4.2 19th 255.0 109.8 highest 232%
Portland NTC AWS 14.9 21.2 31st 9.2 5.9 19th
Warrnambool Airport NDB 15.0 +0.6 20.8 29th 7.2 +1.4 4.1 20th 174.2 100.2 high 174%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Monday 2 September 2013. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries