Melbourne in October 2016: cool days, wet in the eastern parts

October rainfall was above average in eastern parts of the Melbourne metropolitan area. Daytime temperatures were generally below average, while overnight temperatures were generally close to average.

Wetter than average in the eastern suburbs

  • Several cold fronts crossed the city during the month bringing cold and wet conditions
  • October rainfall was close to average across the northern and western parts of the metropolitan area and above average in the eastern suburbs. Warburton was the wettest location, receiving a total of 205.0 mm during the month
  • Rainfall was recorded on more than half of the days in the month. Cold fronts on the 16th and 21st resulted in daily rainfall totals in excess of 10 mm, especially over the eastern suburbs
  • Melbourne City (Olympic Park) had 17 days with rainfall and a monthly total of 63.4 mm, in contrast to only 12.2 mm recorded at the same site in October 2015

Daytime temperatures mostly below average

  • All Melbourne suburbs had cooler than average mean maximum temperatures
  • Mean maximum temperatures ranged from 0.2 °C below the average at Scoresby Research Institute to 1.6 °C below the average at Viewbank
  • Overnight temperatures were generally close to average, with most suburbs within 0.5 degrees of average. It was cooler than average at Wallan (Kilmore Gap) though, which had a mean minimum temperature 1.3 °C below the October average
  • At Melbourne City (Olympic Park) daily temperatures exceeded 25 °C on only four days during October 2016. The warmest temperature recorded at Olympic Park during the month was 28.0 °C on the 30th
  • In contrast, October 2015 saw, at the same site, six days with temperatures above 30 °C
  • The mean maximum temperature at Melbourne City (Olympic Park) during October 2016 was 19.3 °C, while during October 2015 it was 24.3 °C

Strong and gusty winds

  • Strong wind gusts occurred several times, particularly in the first part of the month; strongest wind gust, 119 km/h, was recorded at Fawkner Beacon on the 9th
  • Strong and gusty winds associated with the passage of the cold front on the 9th resulted in downed trees, damaged homes and loss of electricity across the metropolitan area

Further information

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Extremes in October 2016
Hottest day 28.0 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park) on the 30th
Warmest days on average 19.3 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Coolest days on average 14.8 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Coldest day 8.1 °C at Ferny Creek on the 22nd
Coldest night 0.3 °C at Coldstream on the 14th
Coolest nights on average 5.5 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Warmest nights on average 10.2 °C at Frankston AWS
Warmest night 17.5 °C at Bundoora (Latrobe University) on the 16th
Warmest on average overall 14.6 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Coolest on average overall 10.1 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Wettest overall 205.0 mm at Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte
Wettest day 47.4 mm at Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte on the 18th
Strongest wind gust 119 km/h at Fawkner Beacon on the 9th




Summary statistics for October 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2016
Mean for
October
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2016
Total for
October
2016
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2016
Fraction of
October
average
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 19.0 -0.8 26.8 30th 8.6 -0.1 3.6 28th 91.2 64.6 high 141%
Cerberus 18.2 -0.3 24.8 6th 8.8 +0.1 1.8 14th 95.6 67.3 high 142%
Coldstream 18.6 -1.1 26.4 30th 6.9 +0.3 0.3 14th 105.8 66.2 high 160%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens     24.5 30th 8.1 -0.7 3.1 14th 110.9 77.3 high 143%
Essendon Airport 18.9 -0.4 26.9 30th 8.8 +0.5 2.2 14th 66.0 59.8 average 110%
Ferny Creek 15.1   22.8 30th 6.5   2.1 19th 164.4
Frankston AWS 17.0 -0.8 23.2 2nd 10.2 -0.4 5.6 14th
Laverton RAAF 19.0 -0.3 27.2 30th 8.1 -0.2 1.3 14th 46.4 55.4 average 84%
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 19.3   28.0 30th 10.0   5.2 14th 63.4
Melbourne Airport 18.5 -0.9 26.0 30th 7.9 -0.6 2.2 14th 72.8 53.6 high 136%
Moorabbin Airport 18.8 -0.5 26.6 30th 9.4 +0.1 2.8 14th 86.6 69.1 average 125%
Scoresby Research Institute 18.9 -0.2 26.3 30th 8.4 -0.4 1.3 14th 102.0 83.7 average 122%
Viewbank 18.9 -1.6 26.7 30th 8.6 -0.3 2.4 14th 91.6 62.6 high 146%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 14.8 -1.4 21.3 30th 5.5 -1.3 1.8 31st 118.8 51.4 v high 231%

Daily maximum temperatures for October 2016
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Bundoora (Latrobe University)18.623.015.816.215.224.821.017.421.817.515.515.715.721.524.122.218.417.317.021.217.012.514.418.224.020.216.218.425.626.817.2
Cerberus16.324.115.816.815.824.819.615.723.614.714.513.614.320.723.721.916.715.216.021.318.413.313.814.724.718.115.616.323.224.315.7
Coldstream16.222.215.715.614.022.019.818.220.515.114.216.421.122.621.817.615.916.420.318.113.014.018.722.920.217.420.724.326.415.8
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens17.023.115.515.619.217.222.515.214.014.321.723.922.517.414.815.821.113.123.718.515.417.123.624.515.4
Essendon Airport18.222.615.416.516.125.321.516.620.316.815.816.415.421.924.422.318.017.216.621.216.712.614.117.324.519.416.318.124.426.916.9
Ferny Creek12.918.511.211.411.320.717.414.717.813.211.712.112.418.619.519.214.412.512.017.015.28.110.314.319.917.212.716.321.222.812.4
Frankston AWS15.923.214.614.515.823.018.917.321.213.312.814.215.821.422.218.715.913.414.920.617.712.813.515.222.014.3
Laverton RAAF17.422.716.116.416.626.121.015.921.216.516.016.114.822.824.823.118.516.517.121.817.413.013.916.425.719.515.717.323.627.2
Melbourne (Olympic Park)18.624.015.917.117.127.222.516.922.016.815.115.414.622.724.823.118.916.616.521.817.613.214.117.125.718.515.416.625.628.017.5
Melbourne Airport17.722.115.616.616.025.020.916.720.316.014.916.114.821.723.621.418.416.115.921.116.311.913.217.824.119.315.717.424.426.017.1
Moorabbin Airport18.024.016.215.616.326.620.516.722.515.813.915.315.522.124.622.318.216.215.521.318.313.114.116.424.619.416.117.024.626.616.4
Scoresby Research Institute18.222.615.616.214.724.020.817.221.916.114.715.521.823.023.217.817.016.920.618.413.413.518.623.519.016.618.924.626.316.6
Viewbank18.522.615.916.115.524.021.118.021.417.115.214.816.521.324.122.018.617.016.420.818.412.914.417.924.019.616.518.824.726.716.4
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)14.017.610.612.411.619.116.313.915.712.111.713.812.316.519.018.514.113.813.116.013.78.39.614.419.918.513.016.119.621.313.4
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for October 2016
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Bundoora (Latrobe University)10.010.59.29.45.68.714.86.97.511.56.28.83.96.87.617.57.09.94.05.415.05.36.58.37.915.08.33.66.911.65.7
Cerberus10.211.19.610.19.411.314.57.57.412.36.28.07.71.88.716.99.29.66.94.312.07.17.910.05.012.88.03.04.212.26.9
Coldstream9.98.59.89.45.25.313.84.74.55.58.91.20.33.516.64.69.81.81.413.76.05.68.44.915.46.61.03.910.55.4
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens10.29.88.88.86.37.37.512.06.64.73.110.214.39.09.56.95.910.95.06.212.87.35.55.310.97.0
Essendon Airport10.010.79.89.77.28.714.66.78.011.56.08.84.92.210.016.08.09.55.37.413.25.16.28.49.314.88.04.78.112.56.6
Ferny Creek7.48.26.36.33.26.411.05.58.18.63.34.73.73.910.713.65.95.72.15.210.23.63.05.36.512.65.83.16.311.83.0
Frankston AWS10.611.610.010.79.310.312.88.610.112.98.39.08.15.69.115.510.410.48.68.413.47.68.110.110.514.1
Laverton RAAF10.310.49.310.25.97.714.25.57.210.25.58.25.11.39.616.26.79.43.55.013.84.96.99.07.013.66.72.86.312.45.4
Melbourne (Olympic Park)11.612.111.110.68.09.714.19.79.513.07.510.26.85.29.417.49.89.67.56.814.86.97.99.49.616.510.16.39.312.77.9
Melbourne Airport8.910.38.19.45.98.314.45.96.710.95.27.94.02.29.114.16.29.53.25.912.34.75.78.28.414.07.33.46.911.66.1
Moorabbin Airport11.79.910.99.98.010.114.27.98.412.87.59.74.82.810.117.09.79.77.37.214.18.27.910.08.914.28.65.15.911.57.7
Scoresby Research Institute10.710.99.69.36.59.714.26.16.212.55.88.72.11.39.416.76.79.04.47.413.65.75.08.79.213.26.35.310.36.7
Viewbank10.610.49.99.76.99.314.38.27.612.36.19.43.52.47.816.68.19.34.44.614.25.36.78.77.615.09.13.67.011.16.3
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)5.36.66.15.82.13.89.04.66.67.53.04.82.83.58.010.14.87.22.44.08.42.53.74.66.39.95.73.36.68.41.8
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for October 2016
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031
Bonbeach (Carrum) - - 15.5 8.0 8.4 - - - - 5.0 - 1.8 - - - - 22.0 7.0 3.2 - - 25.0 8.0 - - - - - - - -
Bullengarook East 1.0 0.2 30.4 4.4 10.2 0.2 - 1.6 - 2.4 1.2 0.4 7.2 - - - 9.8 5.0 3.0 0.2 0.4 8.6 4.4 0.4 0.4 - 0.6 - - 1.6 2.6
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 2.4 - 14.4 2.0 2.2 - - - - 0.2 1.0 0.2 8.2 - - - 12.8 1.8 3.2 - - 17.4 22.4 1.8 - - 0.4 - - - 0.8
Burnside 2.0 - 10.0 1.0 1.2 0.2 - - - 1.4 1.6 - 4.2 - - - 8.4 0.4 4.4 - - 12.2 10.4 0.4 - - 0.4 - - - 0.2
Cerberus 1.4 0.8 13.6 0.8 1.0 0.6 - - - 7.0 7.4 1.4 4.8 - - - 15.8 8.6 2.0 - - 18.8 9.2 - - - 0.2 0.2 - 0.2 1.8
Coldstream 4.4 4.6 20.6 4.2 5.6 0.6 - - -

0.2 4.0 - - - 15.6 3.4 6.6 - - 19.2 14.8 0.2 - - 0.6 0.2 - - 1.0
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 5.2 0.1 20.0 4.4 12.6 - - - 7.6 1.8 - - - 20.0 10.0 2.0 - - 18.4 6.2 - - - 1.0 - - 0.4 1.2
Essendon Airport 1.0 0.2 12.4 0.8 1.4 0.2 - - - 0.2 0.6 0.2 2.6 - - - 10.2 0.8 3.6 - - 15.0 14.0 0.6 - - 1.6 - - - 0.6
Ferny Creek 7.0 8.2 27.8 7.0 8.4 2.6 0.2 - 0.2 1.6 7.0 0.6 3.8 - - - 25.4 10.4 3.8 - - 23.4 22.0 0.2 - - 4.6 - - 0.2
Kinglake West (Wallaby Creek) 2.6 1.6
1.6 8.8 -


2.2 7.2 0.2 3.0 0.2 -
13.6 2.8 6.6 - - 13.2 23.0 3.4 0.2
1.6 -
0.2 0.6
Laverton RAAF 0.2 0.2 7.4 0.8 2.8 0.4 - - - 1.2 1.2 - 0.6 0.2 - - 7.4 0.4 2.8 - - 11.8 9.0 - - - - - - - -
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 1.6 - 9.2 2.0 2.8 - - - - 0.8 1.4 - 4.2 0.2 - - 9.8 1.0 2.6 - - 16.4 8.8 0.4 0.2 - 0.2 - - - 1.8
Melbourne Airport 1.8 0.2 11.4 0.4 2.8 0.2 - - - 0.4 3.6 0.2 2.8 - 0.2 - 7.2 0.6 3.2 0.2 - 12.4 22.6 0.6 - - 1.6 0.2 - - 0.2
Mitcham 3.4 0.2
2.4 8.6 0.4


0.2 3.8 - 3.6 - -
22.2 4.2 4.2 - - 26.0 13.4 0.2

0.6 -
- 3.2
Moorabbin Airport 1.2 - 14.0 3.4 5.0 0.2 0.2 - - 1.2 0.4 - 0.6 - - - 16.2 4.8 1.8 - - 20.2 15.4 0.2 - - 0.2 0.2 - - 1.4
Mornington 19.4 1.0 - 1.8 - 4.2 4.0 0.3 0.8 - 14.2 2.8 1.6 - - 32.0 - - 1.0 - 0.4
Oakleigh (Metropolitan Golf Club) - 6.0 12.6 3.4 6.2 - - - - 2.2 3.4 - 0.6 - - - 15.0 2.6 2.8 - - 26.6 20.4 - - - 1.2 - - - 2.1
Pakenham 0.8 0.6 18.0 3.8 5.8 4.8 - - - 1.8 4.0 0.8 4.4 - - - 18.2 10.6 2.2 - - 21.6 5.2 - - - 2.0 - - 0.4 9.6
Preston Reservoir 1.6 0.2
1.6 1.6 -


- 1.2 - 4.4 - -
12.6 1.4 4.0 0.2 - 17.6 17.0 1.8

0.6 -
- 1.0
Rosebud (Country Club) 0.8 0.6 15.0 2.0 - 0.8 - - - 4.2 11.8 0.6 3.0 - - - 14.2 2.4 1.8 - - 24.8 5.0 - - - 1.4 - - 0.2 1.6
Scoresby Research Institute 2.2
16.6 4.2 6.4 0.8 - - - 0.6 5.6 - 0.2 - - - 18.4 4.0 3.6 - - 23.2 10.0 - - - 2.4 - - - 3.8
Springvale (Sandown) 2.2 17.4 4.4 6.6 0.8 - - 1.2 3.8 - - - - - 16.4 5.8 3.0 - - 18.4 15.0 - - - 2.4 - - - 3.2
Toorourrong Reservoir (Toorourrong) 2.2 0.8
0.2 3.4 0.2


0.4 3.8 0.2 1.6 - -
16.8 2.8 3.2 - - 14.6 17.4 1.0 0.2



- -
Viewbank 3.2
13.6 1.8 2.0 0.2 - - - 0.2 1.2 - 5.4 0.2 - - 15.2 2.0 3.6 0.2 - 17.8 24.0 - 0.2 - 0.4 0.2 - - 0.2
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 6.4 - 20.4 22.6 5.0 0.2 - - 0.2 1.8 1.6 0.2 4.2 0.2 0.2 - 7.8 2.2 2.8 - - 11.0 28.6 2.4 0.2 - 0.8 - - - -
Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte 5.8 3.4
27.8 33.0 1.2



6.6 1.8 5.2 - -
14.8 47.4 11.6 - - 21.8 18.2 0.2

1.4 -
- 4.8
Yan Yean 1.0 2.0
0.4 4.4 0.4


- 2.6 0.2 1.6 - -
16.6 1.6 2.4 - - 15.2 21.0 0.8

0.6 -
0.2 -
Yarra River @ Warrandyte 4.8 0.4 19.0 3.2 3.6 0.2 0.2 - - 0.8 1.2 - 3.6 - - - 20.4 2.2 8.8 0.2 - 24.4 14.6 - 0.2 - 0.2 0.2 - - 1.0
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Melbourne using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Wednesday 2 November 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Climate