Victoria in March 2019: warmer than average

March 2019 for Victoria was drier than average. Both daytime and night-time temperatures were warmer than average

Warm days and nights

  • Days and nights were warmer than average across most of Victoria in March
  • March began with warm daytime temperatures across the State, a continuation of the heatwave that started in the last week of February
  • The highest temperature in Victoria during March was 41.5 °C at Hopetoun Airport on the 3rd
  • In the first four days of the month, several sites had their highest March temperature on record
  • Mornings were also particularly mild at the beginning of month and several sites had their warmest March night on record
  • The highest night-time temperature in Victoria in March was 26.5 °C, recorded at Cape Otway Lighthouse on the 2nd
  • A strong cold front crossed the State on the 6th, bringing a rapid drop in temperatures across Victoria
  • The coldest night-time temperature this month was -3.5 °C, recorded at Mount Hotham on the 7th
  • Mild to warm weather mostly prevailed until the 29th, when a cold front brought another sharp drop in temperatures across the State
  • The coldest day in Victoria this month saw 0.6 °C at Mount Baw Baw on the 30th; on the same day, some sites had their coldest March day on record
  • State-wide, mean maximum and minimum temperatures were 1.20 °C and 1.26 °C respectively above their long-term March averages

Drier than average month

  • Most of central and western Victoria observed drier than average conditions during March; only areas in the State's northeast recorded above average rainfall totals (approximately 10% of the State's territory)
  • State-wide, March rainfall was 33% below the long-term March mean of 41 mm
  • Most of the Mallee, and parts of the Wimmera and North districts received less than 20% of their March average
  • Several cold fronts and low pressure troughs brought mostly light to moderate rainfall to parts of Victoria during March, most notably on the 18th and 19th to Gippsland and, more widespread, on the 25th, 29th and the 30th
  • The highest daily rainfall total recorded in the State was 116 mm at Mt Hotham on the 25th; this was also Mount Hotham's highest March daily rainfall on record
  • The highest totals for the month were in the northeast of Victoria; Mount Hotham was the State's wettest site with 197 mm
  • Several sites had either their lowest total March rainfall on record or their lowest total March rainfall for at least 20 years

Bushfires and strong winds

  • More than 30 bushfires burned across Victoria in the first week of March; most of them were sparked by lightning over the ranges to the east of Melbourne
  • The largest fire was in the Bunyip State Park, about 65 km east of Melbourne, where more than 10,000 hectares has burnt
  • A vigorous cold front crossed the State on the 25th, producing damaging winds, with many sites recording gusts in excess of 80 km/h; the strongest wind gust in Victoria this month, 124 km/h, was recorded at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 25th; the Victorian State Emergency Service (SES) responded to more than 140 calls for help, mostly for downed trees and building damage

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in March 2019
Hottest day 41.5 °C at Hopetoun Airport on the 3rd
Warmest days on average 30.3 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 13.5 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 0.6 °C at Mount Hotham on the 30th
Coldest night -3.5 °C at Mount Hotham on the 7th
Coolest nights on average 6.0 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 16.8 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 26.5 °C at Cape Otway Lighthouse on the 2nd
Warmest on average overall 22.6 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 9.7 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 196.8 mm at Mount Hotham
Wettest day 116.0 mm at Mount Hotham on the 25th
Strongest wind gust 124 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 25th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest March daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Mount Hotham 116.0 on the 25th 91.0 on the 4th in 2012 25



Record lowest March total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Upper Plenty 7.0 7.8 in 1998 33 45.4
Kinglake West 20.0 20.6 in 2005 26 59.4

Lowest March total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
March
Moorabbin Airport 17.8 13.4 in 1986* 43.3
Melbourne Airport 6.2 4.4 in 1998 36.2
Yea 8.4 8.0 in 1998 41.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest March temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Kyabram 40.4 on the 4th = 40.4 on the 7th in 2016 54 26.7
Edi Upper 37.8 on the 4th = 37.8 on the 7th in 1986 33 26.6
Wangaratta Aero 39.4 on the 4th 39.2 on the 12th in 2006 32 27.7
Rhyll 37.4 on the 1st 36.8 on the 16th in 2008 28 22.6
Hunters Hill 32.8 on the 4th 32.7 on the 8th in 2016 26 21.8
Shepparton Airport 40.3 on the 4th 39.7 on the 12th in 1998 23 27.5
Warrnambool Airport NDB 40.9 on the 1st 40.7 on the 17th in 2008 21 23.2



Record lowest March daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Dartmouth Reservoir 11.0 on the 30th 13.8 on the 26th in 2018 42 25.9
Bairnsdale Airport 14.0 on the 30th 14.4 on the 30th in 1945 38 24.0
Hamilton Airport 12.5 on the 30th 13.4 on the 26th in 2015 35 24.2
Mortlake Racecourse 13.4 on the 30th 13.9 on the 26th in 2008 28 24.0
Hunters Hill 7.4 on the 30th 8.5 on the 22nd in 2001 26 21.8
Coldstream 14.5 on the 30th 14.7 on the 28th in 1999 25 25.3
Combienbar AWS 9.1 on the 30th 10.4 on the 31st in 1997 25 21.8
Mount Nowa Nowa 11.1 on the 30th 12.2 on the 24th in 2007 24 22.7
Stawell Aerodrome 13.6 on the 30th 14.9 on the 28th in 1999 24 25.4
Eildon Fire Tower 9.2 on the 30th 10.4 on the 5th in 2005 23 23.3



Record highest March daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Laverton RAAF 26.3 on the 1st 25.8 on the 18th in 2008 76 12.6
Ararat Prison 23.5 on the 3rd 23.4 on the 14th in 1985 50 9.6
Melbourne Airport 25.4 on the 1st 24.3 on the 13th in 2013 49 12.7
Moorabbin Airport 24.4 on the 3rd 24.0 on the 18th in 2008 48 13.0
Aireys Inlet 25.6 on the 2nd 22.0 on the 4th in 2004 28 13.6
Warrnambool Airport NDB 21.4 on the 2nd = 21.4 on the 4th in 2004 21 11.0



Record lowest March temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 6.0 on the 27th 7.2 on the 23rd in 1967 49 15.1
Hunters Hill 1.6 on the 31st 2.3 on the 6th in 2005 26 11.6
Eildon Fire Tower 4.0 on the 31st 4.1 on the 28th in 2008 23 11.7



Summary statistics for March 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
March
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
March
2019
Mean for
March
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
March
2019
Total for
March
2019
Average
for
March
Rank of
March
2019
Fraction of
March
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 30.3 +1.8 39.8 3rd 15.0 +1.1 7.2 30th 3.0 19.3 low 16%
Ouyen (Post Office) 29.9 +1.4 40.7 3rd 14.6 +1.6 5.5 31st 1.1 19.4 low 6%
Walpeup Research 29.8 +1.8 39.9 3rd 14.6 +1.4 4.7 30th 1.0 20.5 low 5%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 29.3 +0.4 41.5 3rd 13.3 +0.7 5.2 7th 0.4 12.9 v low 3%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 29.6 +0.9 40.0 3rd 14.0 +1.1 6.0 26th 0.8 16.1 low 5%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 28.4   38.8 1st 12.3   3.6 7th 3.2
Nhill Aerodrome 27.5 +0.1 39.2 1st 12.2 +0.6 4.7 7th 5.0 14.5 low 34%
Warracknabeal Museum 28.4 +1.2 38.5 3rd 12.6 +0.6 4.2 7th 2.6 19.6 low 13%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 26.2 +0.1 39.5 1st 10.8 -0.8 2.5 7th 9.0 25.5 low 35%
Grampians (Mount William) 18.6 +1.0 31.0 1st 9.2 +0.7 -0.1 30th 40.2 53.3 low 75%
Horsham Aerodrome 27.9 +0.9 39.6 1st 10.5 +0.2 2.1 7th 3.4 13.0 v low 26%
Kanagulk 26.3 +0.1 39.2 1st 10.3 -0.9 1.8 7th 7.0 24.4 v low 29%
Longerenong 27.9 +1.6 39.1 1st 11.4 +0.5 1.4 7th 3.4 22.4 low 15%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 22.6 +2.2 34.0 1st 11.6 +1.2 1.7 30th 19.0 38.2 low 50%
Stawell Aerodrome 26.3 +0.9 37.3 1st 12.3 +0.8 4.7 7th 4.2 19.6 low 21%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 28.7 +0.5 39.4 3rd 13.5 +0.7 5.1 7th 17.2 22.9 average 75%
Echuca Aerodrome 29.4 +2.1 39.6 4th 14.0 +1.1 5.0 7th 2.1 30.3 low 7%
Kerang 29.8 +2.0 39.5 3rd 14.8 +1.9 7.2 30th 1.0 26.7 v low 4%
Kyabram 29.1 +2.4 40.4 4th 13.7 +1.2 5.6 7th 0.8 28.5 v low 3%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 28.1 +2.0 37.6 3rd 12.8 +1.0 3.7 7th 6.0 28.5 low 21%
Shepparton Airport 29.2 +1.7 40.3 4th 14.2 +1.8 7.0 7th 5.4 30.6 average 18%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 28.0 +1.6 39.0 4th 13.3 +1.4 5.1 7th 3.0 33.5 low 9%
Yarrawonga 29.3 +1.3 39.6 4th 14.6 +1.7 5.0 27th 5.4 33.5 low 16%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 28.8 +1.0 39.5 4th 13.1 +0.6 5.0 26th 17.1 53.5 low 32%
Corryong Airport 28.5 +0.8 35.6 4th 12.0 +1.3 5.0 27th 99.0 74.7 high 133%
Dartmouth Reservoir 25.4 -0.5 35.5 1st 12.2 +1.2 4.5 31st 105.2 60.9 high 173%
Hunters Hill 22.3 +0.5 32.8 4th 11.7 +0.1 1.6 31st 97.8 67.3 high 145%
Rutherglen Research 28.8 +1.4 39.0 4th 12.8 +1.9 3.9 27th 24.6 38.5 average 64%
Strathbogie 25.5 +1.5 36.0 4th 10.1 +0.9 1.1 7th 19.8 56.7 low 35%
Wangaratta Aero 28.5 +0.8 39.4 4th 12.1 +1.3 3.6 27th 29.4 39.1 average 75%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Edi Upper     37.8 4th 11.6 +0.2 4.0 26th 61.8 58.7 average 105%
Falls Creek 14.1 -0.2 23.6 1st 6.5 +0.2 -2.9 7th 100.4 97.5 average 103%
Mount Buller 14.7 +0.4 24.5 1st 6.9 +0.2 -2.4 7th 95.4 79.0 average 121%
Mount Hotham 13.5 +0.4 22.9 4th 6.0 +0.2 -3.5 7th 196.8 116.7 high 169%
Omeo 23.9 +0.4 34.5 1st 10.0 +1.0 1.4 27th 73.2 52.7 high 139%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 22.8 +1.0 34.1 3rd 13.3 +1.3 5.5 31st 171.0 77.7 high 220%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 22.1 +1.1 28.5 25th 16.8 +1.3 10.2 31st 98.8 72.1 high 137%
Gelantipy 21.9 +1.5 32.8 1st 11.0 +1.2 1.8 7th 92.8 61.9 high 150%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 22.8 -0.1 33.9 3rd 13.9 +0.4 7.0 31st 66.4 55.7 high 119%
Mallacoota 23.3 +0.8 32.8 3rd 15.9 +1.7 7.0 26th 87.8 71.9 high 122%
Mount Nowa Nowa 24.1 +1.4 36.8 3rd 14.1 +1.1 6.8 31st 97.4 56.7 v high 172%
Orbost 25.0 +0.9 37.1 3rd 13.7 +0.6 8.6 28th 89.0 55.3 high 161%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 23.3 +1.1 34.0 2nd 15.9 +0.8 6.0 27th 106.4 67.4 high 158%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 24.5 +0.5 36.9 3rd 12.8 +1.5 6.2 27th 54.6 44.7 high 122%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 24.0   36.5 1st 14.0   7.0 14th 30.8
East Sale 24.6 +1.0 37.0 1st 12.8 +1.2 5.2 13th 21.2 48.1 low 44%
East Sale Airport 24.8   36.7 1st 13.2   5.6 13th 18.8
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 26.0 +1.5 38.2 1st 12.7 +1.4 5.6 13th 22.0 47.1 low 47%
Mount Baw Baw 15.3 +1.3 25.4 4th 7.0 +0.7 -1.8 31st 103.4 97.9 average 106%
Mount Moornapa 22.9 +0.6 36.5 1st 13.1 +1.1 5.8 31st 85.0 58.6 high 145%
Nilma North (Warragul) 25.4   37.3 1st 12.8   5.1 13th 36.8
Pound Creek 24.8 +0.8 38.0 1st 12.9 +1.0 5.5 15th 62.2 56.3 average 110%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 20.5 +1.1 32.7 3rd 15.5 +1.3 10.3 26th 58.6 69.7 average 84%
Yarram Airport 24.3 +0.4 38.1 1st 12.6 +1.0 6.5 13th 24.2 51.1 low 47%
East Central (district 86)
Cerberus 24.7 +1.6 38.6 1st 13.3 +0.7 7.3 15th 19.0 44.0 v low 43%
Coldstream 27.5 +2.2 38.3 1st 11.2 +1.4 4.3 8th 44.4 47.3 average 94%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 25.9 +2.3 38.5 1st 13.9 +1.4 7.5 30th 36.8 43.2 average 85%
Essendon Airport 26.3 +2.2 38.9 3rd 14.5 +1.9 8.1 27th 6.8 38.9 v low 17%
Ferny Creek 22.9   34.7 1st 12.8   5.3 30th 104.8
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 24.8   38.1 1st 15.2   9.1 30th 12.0
Melbourne Airport 26.4 +2.2 38.4 3rd 14.0 +1.3 6.2 7th 6.2 36.2 v low 17%
Moorabbin Airport 25.6 +1.8 39.2 1st 15.0 +2.0 9.4 15th 17.8 43.3 low 41%
Rhyll 24.2 +1.6 37.4 1st 15.7 +1.0 10.1 30th 24.0 39.0 low 62%
Scoresby Research Institute 26.5 +2.3 39.2 1st 14.0 +1.5 7.6 15th 46.8 52.8 average 89%
Viewbank 26.6 +1.2 38.7 1st 13.8 +1.0 6.6 7th 17.6 40.0 low 44%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 25.8 +1.4 40.1 1st 13.6 +1.0 6.2 28th 6.8 26.6 low 26%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 25.1   39.3 1st 13.6   6.9 14th 8.6
Laverton RAAF 25.5 +1.8 39.1 3rd 14.3 +1.7 6.6 7th 8.8 34.2 v low 26%
Sheoaks 24.6 +1.5 38.3 1st 13.0 +1.8 3.7 13th 11.0 24.5 low 45%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 26.2 +1.5 36.0 5th 12.0 +1.1 2.0 7th 6.8 33.8 low 20%
Eildon Fire Tower 24.8 +1.5 35.5 4th 12.9 +1.2 4.0 31st 16.2 37.0 low 44%
Lake Eildon 27.5 +1.7 37.9 4th 11.5 +0.8 4.8 27th 23.0 52.0 low 44%
Mangalore Airport 28.5 +2.2 38.6 4th 13.0 +0.7 3.7 26th 8.2 35.0 low 23%
Maryborough 27.8 +2.3 37.2 3rd 12.7 +1.4 4.9 7th 11.2 30.7 low 36%
Puckapunyal Lyon Hill (Defence) 27.9   38.8 4th 14.0   5.7 26th 8.4
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 27.4   38.1 4th 13.0   4.2 7th 10.0
Redesdale 28.4 +2.8 38.4 4th 11.3 +0.5 2.1 26th 5.6 33.3 low 17%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 24.5 +2.9 34.8 1st 12.6 +1.5 4.7 30th 11.4 43.2 v low 26%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 25.7 +1.7 37.0 1st 10.9 +1.3 1.9 7th 10.2 29.7 low 34%
Ballarat Aerodrome 24.6 +2.3 35.5 1st 11.1 +1.1 1.2 7th 15.6 42.0 low 37%
Westmere 25.4 +0.2 38.1 1st 10.5 +0.3 2.1 27th 10.8 20.8 low 52%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 24.0 +2.3 40.6 1st 14.1 +0.5 8.0 31st 31.6 37.7 average 84%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 20.7 +0.4 39.8 2nd 13.3 -0.8 8.0 14th 24.0 35.6 low 67%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 21.0 +0.6 38.5 1st 13.7 +0.5 8.1 26th 69.6 55.6 high 125%
Casterton 25.2 +0.3 39.6 1st 10.3 -0.8 2.2 30th 16.2 32.3 low 50%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 24.3 +1.2 38.0 1st 12.8 +1.0 5.8 30th 29.8 29.7 average 100%
Dartmoor 24.3 +0.3 41.2 2nd 10.7 -0.6 3.7 14th 32.2 39.9 average 81%
Hamilton Airport 25.0 +0.8 38.9 1st 10.7 +0.3 3.1 7th 16.6 34.2 low 49%
Mortlake Racecourse 25.5 +1.5 40.9 1st 10.2 +0.2 2.8 14th 33.2 32.0 average 104%
Port Fairy AWS 21.7 +0.1 40.9 1st 12.5 -0.6 6.5 13th 29.6 37.7 average 79%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 21.6 +0.5 39.5 1st 11.2 -0.6 5.5 13th 40.6 47.0 average 86%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 23.4 +0.2 40.9 1st 10.8 -0.2 4.1 14th 63.6 49.0 average 130%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 April 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries