Victoria in February 2021: drier and cooler than average

February was drier than average for Victoria as a whole. Daytime temperatures were cooler than average in central and eastern Victoria. Night-time temperatures were close to average across most of the state, except in the north-west where they were cooler than average.

Drier than average month

  • Areas in western and south-eastern Victoria observed drier than average conditions during February, with only the north-east of the state reporting above average rainfall.
  • Most of western Victoria received less than 40% of its February average.
  • State-wide, February rainfall was 16% below average for the month.
  • A deep low pressure system and low pressure trough brought tropical moisture over the state on the 5th; daily rainfall totals to 9am on the 6th exceeded 50 mm at many sites in the central and north-east Victoria.
  • On the 12th, a low pressure trough, with an associated cold front, brought light, but widespread falls, while on the 20th another low pressure trough brought more rainfall to the north-east.
  • The last week of the month was mostly dry across the state.
  • The highest daily total for the month, 119.0 mm, was recorded at Mount Hotham on the 6th.
  • Several sites had their highest February daily rainfall on record also on the 6th.
  • Falls Creek (Rocky Valley) was the state's wettest site for the month with 274.9 mm.

Below average temperatures

  • In February, daytime temperatures were cooler than average in central and eastern Victoria.
  • Night-time temperatures were close to average across most of the state, except in the north-west where they were cooler than average.
  • State-wide, mean maximum and mean minimum temperatures were 1.06 °C and 0.31 °C below the long-term February average.
  • There were several cooler periods which followed the passage of cold fronts, followed by periods with mild to warm daytime temperatures.
  • The coldest day saw a maximum temperature of 5.2 °C at Mount Baw Baw on the 23rd; the coldest night saw a minimum temperature of −2.1 °C at Mount Hotham, also on the 23rd.
  • On the same day Mortlake Racecourse had its lowest February temperature on record.
  • Coldstream had its lowest February mean daily minimum temperature since 1998.
  • In terms of mean temperature, this was the coolest February since 2008.

Strong winds and thunderstorms

  • The strongest winds during February, associated with a passage of a cold front, were recorded on the 5th, with gusts of 126 km/h reported at Mount Buller.
  • A severe storm crossed the Shepparton region in the afternoon on the 5th, leaving a narrow path of destruction with trees uprooted, power lines fallen and farm sheds destroyed.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057

Extremes in February 2021
Hottest day 40.2 °C at Walpeup Research on the 11th
Warmest days on average 31.1 °C at Mildura Airport
31.1 °C at Walpeup Research
Coolest days on average 14.3 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 5.2 °C at Mount Baw Baw on the 23rd
Coldest night -2.1 °C at Mount Hotham on the 23rd
Coolest nights on average 6.4 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 16.3 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 23.8 °C at Swan Hill Aerodrome on the 11th
Warmest on average overall 23.3 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 10.3 °C at Mount Baw Baw
10.3 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 274.9 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
Wettest day 119.0 mm at Mount Hotham on the 6th
Strongest wind gust 126 km/h at Mount Buller on the 5th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest February daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Uplands (Gibbo River Park) 111.0 on the 6th 85.9 on the 10th in 1971 91
Mitta Mitta 101.0 on the 6th 76.6 on the 5th in 2011 68
Hunters Hill 91.2 on the 6th 79.6 on the 5th in 2011 27
Mount Hotham 119.0 on the 6th 90.8 on the 5th in 2011 26



Record lowest February temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Mortlake Racecourse 2.5 on the 23rd 2.9 on the 21st in 1993 30 11.6



Lowest February mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
February
Coldstream 10.4 10.1 in 1998 12.0



Summary statistics for February 2021
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
February
2021
Diff
from
average
Highest for
February
2021
Mean for
February
2021
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
February
2021
Total for
February
2021
Average
for
February
Rank of
February
2021
Fraction of
February
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 31.1 -0.7 39.7 11th 15.5 -1.0 10.9 24th 0.2 21.2 v low 1%
Ouyen (Post Office) 30.8 -0.9 40.1 11th 14.2 -1.2 9.1 23rd 1.0 23.5 low 4%
Walpeup Research 31.1 -0.3 40.2 11th 13.9 -1.5 7.2 23rd 2.6 23.1 low 11%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 31.0 -0.9 39.0 11th 13.8 -1.0 8.1 25th 2.0 18.4 low 11%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 31.0 -1.4 38.4 11th 14.6 -1.4 9.3 8th 0.2 19.8 v low 1%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 29.6   39.7 11th 12.7   6.7 23rd 5.0
Nhill Aerodrome 28.9 -1.5 38.4 11th 12.3 -1.2 6.4 8th 7.2 15.4 low 47%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 27.3 -1.3 37.4 11th 11.7 -1.4 4.7 24th 10.2 17.6 average 58%
Grampians (Mount William) 18.6 -1.6 27.9 10th 8.0 -1.6 3.1 8th 19.2 36.2 low 53%
Horsham Aerodrome 29.2 -1.1 39.6 11th 10.9 -1.7 3.4 23rd 2.6 20.4 v low 13%
Kanagulk 27.9 -0.8 39.2 11th 11.3 -1.5 5.0 25th 11.6 17.6 average 66%
Longerenong 29.2 -0.8 39.2 11th 12.4 -0.8 4.0 25th 2.4 23.3 low 10%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 22.0 -2.0 30.4 20th 10.4 -1.7 5.0 8th 8.2 33.9 v low 24%
Stawell Aerodrome 26.6 -1.9 37.0 11th 12.5 -1.2 5.7 25th 3.2 27.4 v low 12%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 29.4 -1.9 37.3 11th 14.0 -1.0 8.3 25th 0.6 17.5 v low 3%
Echuca Aerodrome 29.8 -0.9 36.7 20th 14.4 -0.8 8.9 24th 1.2 26.0 low 5%
Kerang 30.5 -0.7 37.6 11th 14.9 -0.3 10.3 8th 7.6 23.5 average 32%
Kyabram 29.6 -0.5 36.6 20th 14.3 -0.6 9.0 27th 1.4 27.2 low 5%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 27.8 -1.8 36.0 11th 13.4 -1.0 8.0 27th 14.8 30.0 average 49%
Shepparton Airport 29.7 -1.3 37.5 20th 14.4 -0.7 9.7 24th 7.4 35.2 low 21%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 28.0 -1.5 35.0 21st 14.1 -0.4 9.0 24th 11.0 32.3 average 34%
Yarrawonga 30.0 -1.6 37.2 21st 14.3 -1.5 8.4 24th 49.6 43.7 average 114%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 28.3 -2.7 35.0 21st 14.3 -1.1 8.3 28th 29.3 41.8 average 70%
Hunters Hill 22.7 -2.6 29.2 21st 12.9 -1.1 8.3 23rd 119.0 73.0 high 163%
Rutherglen Research 28.9 -1.9 35.5 21st 12.6 -1.3 5.8 28th 58.0 37.8 high 153%
Strathbogie 24.8 -2.6 31.2 21st 10.6 -1.1 3.2 28th 42.0 43.9 average 96%
Wangaratta Aero 28.6 -2.5 34.2 21st 13.3 -0.5 6.6 28th 59.0 42.8 high 138%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 15.2 -2.0 20.2 21st 7.0 -1.6 -1.2 23rd 122.6 93.8 high 131%
Mount Buller 15.3 -1.9 20.4 21st 7.5 -1.4 -0.8 23rd 76.6 74.7 average 103%
Mount Hotham 14.3 -1.6 19.3 21st 6.4 -1.6 -2.1 23rd 160.8 102.2 high 157%
Omeo 23.9 -1.7 30.9 21st 10.1 -0.5 5.4 24th 64.4 55.1 average 117%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 22.8 -1.7 31.3 21st 12.3 -1.1 8.0 24th
Gabo Island Lighthouse 21.4 -0.2 24.5 21st 16.3 0.0 12.6 24th 76.6 67.5 average 113%
Gelantipy 21.6 -1.6 29.4 21st 10.6 -0.9 4.8 24th 83.8 68.2 average 123%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 22.3 -1.5 30.4 20th 13.6 -1.3 8.4 24th 39.7 54.5 low 73%
Mallacoota 22.8 -1.2 28.9 6th 15.7 0.0 10.2 24th 85.8 62.7 high 137%
Mount Nowa Nowa 23.4 -1.1 32.6 20th 13.2 -1.1 8.8 23rd 54.8 62.1 average 88%
Orbost 24.5 -1.1 33.5 5th 13.5 -1.1 8.9 24th 52.4 51.7 average 101%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 24.3 -1.2 34.1 20th 12.2 -0.8 8.9 18th 32.0 46.1 average 69%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 22.1   30.7 19th 12.8   6.4 27th 42.8
East Sale 24.5 -0.9 36.4 20th 12.3 -0.9 7.9 24th 21.8 41.9 average 52%
East Sale Airport 25.0   36.7 20th 12.4   8.7 27th 19.6
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 25.2 -1.4 35.4 20th 11.9 -1.0 5.2 24th 9.6 43.5 v low 22%
Mount Baw Baw 14.4 -2.2 22.8 20th 6.5 -1.7 -0.3 24th 60.8 97.5 average 62%
Mount Moornapa 23.3 -1.4 33.7 20th 12.4 -1.1 8.4 23rd 53.2 67.1 average 79%
Nilma North (Warragul) 24.2   32.7 19th 11.6   4.6 24th 50.4
Pound Creek 23.7 -1.5 33.8 11th 11.4 -1.8 4.3 27th 36.4 39.5 average 92%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 20.2 -0.4 29.4 19th 15.5 +0.6 12.7 26th 64.8 47.0 high 138%
Yarram Airport 23.6 -1.2 32.5 20th 10.8 -2.5 3.9 24th 18.8 47.7 low 39%
East Central (district 86)
Cerberus 24.2 -0.8 32.8 19th 13.2 -1.1 6.0 28th 15.4 37.0 low 42%
Coldstream 26.0 -1.8 32.7 20th 10.4 -1.6 3.3 24th 3.8 51.0 low 7%
Essendon Airport 25.2 -0.7 33.2 11th 14.0 0.0 7.9 28th 11.4 44.5 low 26%
Ferny Creek 21.5   28.6 20th 12.1   7.6 25th 36.0 72.8 low 49%
Frankston (Ballam Park) 24.4   32.6 19th 13.4   8.8 25th 13.6
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 24.5   32.8 11th 14.9   10.6 28th 9.2
Melbourne Airport 25.3 -1.3 33.8 11th 13.0 -1.2 8.5 25th 5.0 40.8 v low 12%
Moorabbin Airport 24.8 -1.3 33.9 11th 13.8 -0.6 8.9 28th 11.8 44.4 low 27%
Rhyll 23.6 -0.8 30.7 19th 15.2 -0.8 12.7 25th 34.0 40.2 average 85%
Scoresby Research Institute 25.6 -0.9 32.7 10th 12.8 -1.1 6.4 24th 12.6 52.6 low 24%
Viewbank 26.1 -1.5 33.6 10th 13.4 -1.2 7.4 25th 14.6 45.4 low 32%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 24.6 -1.6 34.5 19th 12.8 -1.7 7.0 28th 7.6 32.4 low 23%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 24.0   34.8 19th 13.4   8.0 25th 6.0 33.8 v low 18%
Laverton RAAF 24.5 -1.1 33.9 11th 13.9 -0.4 8.3 28th 11.0 44.7 low 25%
Sheoaks 23.8 -1.7 32.3 11th 11.2 -1.6 4.7 25th 10.6 38.8 low 27%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 25.5 -2.8 33.4 11th 12.9 -0.6 5.4 24th 23.4 36.3 average 64%
Eildon Fire Tower 24.0 -2.8 30.5 21st 12.1 -1.6 6.8 8th 38.4 39.8 average 96%
Lake Eildon 27.3 -1.8 33.4 21st 12.1 -0.7 6.0 24th 34.8 42.2 average 82%
Mangalore Airport 27.4 -2.0 33.7 21st 13.3 -1.0 7.4 24th 20.8 34.3 average 61%
Maryborough 27.0 -1.7 36.0 11th 13.1 -0.1 7.8 23rd 5.4 32.0 low 17%
Puckapunyal Lyon Hill (Defence) 27.2   34.8 11th 14.2   9.1 24th 9.0
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 26.4   34.0 21st 13.2   8.8 26th 0.6
Redesdale 27.8 -1.3 34.9 11th 11.9 -1.4 5.9 24th 12.6 36.2 average 35%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 22.9 -1.9 29.7 11th 11.6 -1.1 6.5 24th 18.8 46.1 average 41%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 26.3 -0.8 37.5 20th 11.3 0.0 3.2 24th 10.5 31.2 average 34%
Ballarat Aerodrome 23.8 -1.3 33.2 11th 11.0 -0.5 4.6 23rd 10.2 43.1 low 24%
Westmere 25.1 -2.2 34.0 19th 9.8 -1.9 1.4 25th 7.8 19.4 low 40%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 22.2 -0.9 35.1 19th 13.8 -0.9 9.6 25th 10.4 33.5 low 31%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 20.8 -0.5 36.3 19th 14.5 -0.7 11.2 6th 19.4 26.4 average 73%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 20.2 -1.3 33.8 19th 14.3 +0.3 9.9 28th 15.2 41.5 low 37%
Casterton 25.7 -1.6 36.7 11th 11.2 -1.3 3.2 24th 24.2 29.7 average 81%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 23.6 -1.7 33.8 19th 11.9 -1.1 7.0 25th 6.0 27.6 low 22%
Dartmoor 25.0 -1.3 37.1 19th 11.8 -0.9 4.2 25th 23.0 26.2 average 88%
Hamilton Airport 25.0 -1.7 36.0 11th 11.0 -0.4 3.9 25th 15.2 23.7 average 64%
Mortlake Racecourse 25.1 -1.3 36.2 19th 10.7 -0.9 2.5 23rd 8.4 32.2 low 26%
Port Fairy AWS 22.2 -0.6 37.0 19th 13.8 -0.8 7.3 25th
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 22.1 -0.4 35.0 19th 12.2 -0.6 5.0 28th 23.0 29.0 average 79%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 23.6 -1.1 36.6 19th 11.9 -0.6 4.9 25th 8.0 31.2 v low 26%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 March 2021. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057

Climate