Greater Melbourne in November 2019: cool nights with close to average rainfall

Rainfall in November 2019 was mostly close to average across Greater Melbourne. Nights were cooler than average, while daytime temperatures were generally close to average

Mostly close to average rainfall

  • November rainfall was close to average at most reporting sites in Greater Melbourne
  • A series of cold fronts crossed Greater Melbourne between 4 and 9 November bringing moderate falls
  • The highest daily rainfall total this month, 33.6 mm, was recorded at Monbulk (in Melbourne's east) on 8 November; Monbulk was also the wettest place in Greater Melbourne, with 139.2 mm recorded during the month

Cool nights

  • Night-time temperatures were cooler than average at all reporting sites except Essendon Airport
  • November started with a warm night and the warmest night-time temperature for the month in Greater Melbourne, 21.7 °C, was recorded at Scoresby Research Institute on the 1st
  • After a warm start, most nights during the month were cooler than average, with the coldest night-time temperature in Greater Melbourne, 2.3 °C, reported on the 27th at Coldstream
  • Melbourne Airport site had its lowest November mean daily minimum temperature since 1999
  • Daytime temperatures were cooler than average at most reporting sites
  • A series of cold fronts crossed Greater Melbourne between 4 and 9 November bringing rainfall, and cool daytime and night-time temperatures; Melbourne (Olympic Park) recorded a maximum temperature of only 14.2 °C on the 9th, the coldest November day at this site since it opened in 2013
  • Most days during the month were cooler than average, but there were some very hot days
  • The hottest temperature recorded in Greater Melbourne during November was 42.4 °C at Laverton RAAF on the 21st; on the same day all sites had their hottest day this month
  • Most reporting sites had their highest November temperature on record on the 21st; at most of these sites the previous records were exceeded by 2.0 °C or more
  • Melbourne (Olympic Park) recorded 40.9 °C on 21 November, equalling the highest November temperature for the city (on 27 November 1894, at the old Observatory site)

Melbourne (Olympic Park)

  • Total rainfall for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 54.4 mm
  • The mean daily maximum temperature for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 21.8 °C. The warmest day was 40.9 °C on the 21st, and the coolest day was on the 9th when the temperature reached 14.2 °C
  • The mean daily minimum temperature for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 11.2 °C. The coldest morning was 7.6 °C on the 9th, and the warmest morning was on the 1st when the minimum temperature was 20.0 °C

Strong winds

  • A cold front and associated trough crossed Melbourne on 21 November generating a line of thunderstorms with strong winds; the strongest gusts of 117 km/h were recorded at both Fawkner Beacon and Wallan (Kilmore Gap)

Further information

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Extremes in November 2019
Hottest day 42.4 °C at Laverton RAAF on the 21st
Warmest days on average 22.8 °C at Viewbank
Coolest days on average 17.9 °C at Ferny Creek
Coldest day 9.7 °C at Ferny Creek on the 9th
Coldest night 2.3 °C at Coldstream on the 27th
Coolest nights on average 7.8 °C at Ferny Creek
7.8 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Warmest nights on average 11.2 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Warmest night 21.7 °C at Scoresby Research Institute on the 1st
Warmest on average overall 16.5 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Coolest on average overall 12.9 °C at Ferny Creek
Wettest overall 139.2 mm at Monbulk (Spring Road)
Wettest day 33.6 mm at Monbulk (Spring Road) on the 8th
Strongest wind gust 117 km/h at Fawkner Beacon on the 21st
117 km/h at Wallan (Kilmore Gap) on the 21st

Record highest November temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Laverton RAAF 42.4 on the 21st 40.3 on the 26th in 1997 77 21.6
Scoresby Research Institute 39.4 on the 21st 39.1 on the 26th in 1997 52 21.6
Essendon Airport 41.5 on the 21st 39.3 on the 29th in 2012 50 21.9
Melbourne Airport 41.6 on the 21st 39.6 on the 24th in 1982 50 22.1
Moorabbin Airport 40.7 on the 21st 39.5 on the 29th in 2012 49 21.7
Cerberus 38.8 on the 21st 36.8 on the 20th in 2009 28 20.6
Coldstream 38.2 on the 21st 37.7 on the 26th in 1997 26 22.8
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 38.1 on the 21st 34.9 on the 29th in 2012 26 19.8
Viewbank 41.5 on the 21st 39.1 on the 29th in 2012 21 24.1



Lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Melbourne Airport 9.3 9.2 in 1999 10.4



Summary statistics for November 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2019
Mean for
November
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2019
Total for
November
2019
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2019
Fraction of
November
average
Cerberus 20.2 -0.4 38.8 21st 9.2 -1.5 5.9 23rd 61.8 55.1 average 112%
Coldstream 21.9 -0.9 38.2 21st 8.1 -0.7 2.3 27th 106.6 72.7 high 147%
Essendon Airport 22.6 +0.7 41.5 21st 10.2 +0.1 5.8 5th 42.8 58.4 average 73%
Ferny Creek 17.9   34.2 21st 7.8   2.5 9th
Laverton RAAF 22.2 +0.6 42.4 21st 9.8 -0.5 4.4 5th 50.8 52.6 average 97%
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 21.8   40.9 21st 11.2   7.6 9th 54.4
Melbourne Airport 22.4 +0.3 41.6 21st 9.3 -1.1 4.6 5th 48.0 61.7 average 78%
Moorabbin Airport 21.3 -0.4 40.7 21st 10.5 -0.7 7.0 9th 60.4 62.9 average 96%
Scoresby Research Institute 21.6 0.0 39.4 21st 9.5 -0.9 4.2 16th 97.0 81.1 average 120%
Viewbank 22.8 -1.3 41.5 21st 9.8 -1.6 4.8 5th 68.2 74.6 average 91%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 19.9 +0.1 38.1 21st 7.8 -1.3 2.8 5th 50.0 67.0 average 75%

Daily maximum temperatures for November 2019
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Cerberus33.320.416.416.921.915.314.713.417.027.916.116.420.216.116.915.323.317.432.038.817.221.718.824.816.521.219.218.616.9
Coldstream31.718.521.715.618.322.316.315.112.717.927.117.215.621.718.417.717.426.922.531.738.221.523.825.428.416.824.726.025.819.2
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens32.517.520.414.817.122.014.115.315.219.327.916.215.420.116.0
Essendon Airport34.018.220.516.120.024.017.916.014.517.929.718.417.323.719.319.417.028.120.035.241.520.525.824.431.117.026.423.222.119.2
Ferny Creek28.815.117.712.614.617.810.311.19.715.423.813.311.817.713.913.813.823.018.228.034.216.520.221.025.512.221.020.120.615.2
Laverton RAAF34.719.419.115.917.724.118.115.414.618.830.017.517.723.119.018.216.428.318.834.842.419.423.824.229.417.326.421.620.817.9
Melbourne (Olympic Park)34.318.920.716.219.624.117.715.014.218.129.617.417.322.418.517.216.226.918.634.740.920.023.823.727.416.424.821.119.718.4
Melbourne Airport34.218.220.416.319.724.019.814.614.317.929.517.317.122.319.518.617.228.420.235.041.620.724.224.829.315.025.723.822.819.2
Moorabbin Airport34.718.320.416.016.823.116.115.313.919.129.416.816.521.117.916.815.924.618.234.240.719.722.723.827.416.923.321.420.617.7
Scoresby Research Institute33.217.420.515.919.022.115.714.613.518.528.416.316.321.617.917.417.026.420.532.439.420.223.823.828.016.425.123.722.719.3
Viewbank33.917.720.815.719.823.616.815.314.218.529.218.416.922.920.318.618.327.821.334.641.521.925.525.730.717.026.225.223.920.4
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)29.815.017.814.516.120.314.411.210.815.225.314.913.619.016.316.214.825.419.430.938.118.922.925.427.011.822.826.726.616.8
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for November 2019
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Cerberus15.96.310.010.69.37.69.68.310.77.911.211.88.810.06.38.76.013.45.97.211.87.38.39.48.1
Coldstream11.315.211.06.66.28.611.39.74.28.75.210.77.311.011.03.47.73.46.07.214.711.04.94.04.710.62.35.69.49.2
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens11.811.710.67.64.610.09.97.54.79.69.410.97.410.911.5
Essendon Airport20.415.111.88.35.810.910.610.16.410.29.210.77.611.611.57.610.07.09.88.114.912.98.911.28.010.26.19.612.410.4
Ferny Creek21.112.212.16.44.46.07.06.22.55.37.87.14.77.57.85.86.75.88.36.717.78.66.96.410.46.93.77.48.86.8
Laverton RAAF20.515.011.17.14.411.19.89.25.710.88.411.36.710.611.65.510.26.18.39.415.512.37.88.18.810.65.410.212.910.1
Melbourne (Olympic Park)20.015.812.89.57.710.511.510.37.610.810.011.59.112.113.09.210.88.511.49.414.013.610.111.911.411.48.611.411.910.3
Melbourne Airport19.114.811.37.14.610.710.28.75.39.77.211.06.210.710.96.27.85.48.18.215.012.07.19.98.89.84.98.711.39.4
Moorabbin Airport19.511.88.88.910.611.211.27.010.810.211.78.812.012.99.810.38.49.97.714.011.08.78.610.112.57.910.89.89.1
Scoresby Research Institute21.715.012.26.46.19.210.99.65.39.810.610.57.510.812.24.29.96.57.46.114.611.16.76.410.610.35.49.410.38.6
Viewbank20.115.012.87.34.810.611.39.75.910.57.610.67.611.612.06.89.85.69.07.314.412.77.97.68.210.55.19.512.79.5
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)17.212.112.16.62.87.06.76.73.06.68.07.64.67.67.64.65.56.68.87.017.08.67.27.09.97.14.38.58.46.8
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for November 2019
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Bonbeach (Carrum) - 21.0 12.2 - - 18.5 7.4 - 2.0 - - - - 2.8 - - - - - - - 1.4 - - -
Bullengarook East - 12.6 4.6 2.6 6.2 - 0.6 6.0 2.8 0.6 - 0.4 1.0 - 2.0 - - - - 0.4 - - - - - 8.4 - -
Bundoora (Latrobe University)
19.8

























Burnside - 11.0 - 3.4 5.9 - - 2.0 6.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - 0.6 6.4 - - 7.0
Cape Schanck - 8.0 9.6 - - - - 24.6 4.4 1.8 - - 4.6 0.8 - - 1.0 - - - - 0.6 - - - 0.6 - - - 1.4
Cerberus - 4.0 7.6 0.2 3.8 0.4 0.4 19.4 2.0 4.4 0.2 - 5.8 0.6 - 8.8 1.2 - - - - 0.8 - - - 0.8 - - - 1.4
Cheltenham Kingston Centre - 2.8 7.0 - 1.1 3.8 - 4.0 3.8 0.8 - - 2.0 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.0
Coldstream - 0.6 23.6 5.8 21.8 - - 18.8 13.8 2.2 - 0.6 2.6 0.4 - 1.0 0.2 - - - - 0.2 - - - 2.0 0.6 - - 12.4
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens - 4.2 12.8 3.8 7.0 - 0.4 14.6 5.2 4.8 - 0.2 8.4 1.0 - 0.6













Essendon Airport - 5.4 10.2 1.2 8.4 0.2 - 1.0 3.0 - - - 0.2 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - - 1.6 1.2 - - 10.0
Ferny Creek -



- -
14.0 6.6 0.2 5.4 3.2 3.0 0.2 0.8 1.4 0.4 - - - 0.6 - - - 8.6 0.8 - - 13.6
Greenvale Reservoir - 2.8

9.2 -

4.6 - -

0.2 - 1.0 - - -

0.4
- - 3.4 5.0
- 8.2
Kinglake West - 21.4 3.8 17.2 - 0.8 13.6 9.4 3.0 - 2.2 3.6 - - 3.0 - - - - - 0.6 - - - 11.0 8.6 - - 10.0
Kinglake West (Wallaby Creek) - 0.4

17.6 0.2 0.4
10.6 2.0 -

1.0 - 1.8 - 0.2 -

-
- - 6.0 13.6
- 8.6
Koo Wee Rup -
16.4
10.0 - 1.0






















Lancefield - 16.2 4.2 1.8 7.6 - - 4.6 - 2.6 - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 3.2 - - 11.0
Laverton RAAF - 11.6 6.0 9.8 7.0 0.2 - 3.0 5.0 - - 0.4 0.4 0.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 1.4 0.4 - - 5.4
Main Ridge - 15.0 4.4 4.8 - 2.4 16.0 6.2 - 5.0 - 15.0 2.5 - 3.0 - - - - - 1.2 - - - 1.8


Melbourne (Olympic Park) - 4.2 12.4 1.2 10.2 - - 6.8 6.4 0.2 - 0.6 1.6 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - 2.0 - - - 8.0
Melbourne Airport - 5.6 8.2 3.6 6.4 0.2 - 2.4 3.0 - - - 2.2 - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - - 0.8 5.8 - - 9.4
Melbourne Botanical Gardens - 10.0 10.2 1.2 11.2 - - 6.8 7.6 0.4 - - 1.4 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 1.8 - - - 9.2
Mitcham - 1.0

19.6 - -
8.0 1.4 0.2

1.0 - 0.2 - - -

-
- - 2.6 0.6
- 9.0
Moorabbin Airport - 4.6 13.6 6.6 8.6 - - 6.4 10.0 0.6 - 0.2 3.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.8 - - - 5.6
Mount Waverley (Riversdale Golf Club) - 0.8 20.6 2.0 14.0 - - 10.3 6.0 1.4 - - 2.0 1.0 - - 0.1 - - - - - - - - 1.7 - - - 8.0
Newham (Cobaw) - 6.0 19.0 1.6 11.6 - 0.4 7.0 1.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 - - - 14.6
Oakleigh (Metropolitan Golf Club) - 18.8 4.2 9.8 - - 7.6 5.7 - - - 2.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.8 - - - 7.4
Preston Reservoir - 1.6

11.8 - -
4.2 0.4 -

0.6 - 0.8 - - -

-
- - 6.2 2.4
- 10.0
Romsey - 5.4 10.8 1.8 6.6 0.8 4.8 1.2 - - - 0.2 - - 2.0 - - - - - - - - 0.4 6.6 7.6 - -
Rosebud (Country Club) - 5.2 10.2 3.4 5.2 - - 13.8 8.0 3.2 - - 9.4 - - 2.0 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.8
Scoresby Research Institute - 3.0 20.2 0.8 18.6 - - 18.8 14.6 1.6 - 1.8 2.0 1.0 - 0.2 1.0 0.6 - - - 0.6 0.2 - - 1.8 - - - 10.2
Springvale (Sandown) - 21.0 3.2 11.4 0.2 - 10.2 9.4 3.2 - - 2.4 - - - - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - - 2.4 5.8
Springvale Necropolis 1.0 21.0 - - 12.0 - 12.0 1.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Toorourrong Reservoir (Toorourrong) - 1.8

10.4 - -
7.2 0.4 -

- - 1.2 - - -

-
- - 3.6 12.4
- 10.6
Upper Plenty - 0.4 15.8 0.8 12.0 - - 11.2 3.2 0.6 - - 1.8 0.4 - 1.2 - - - - - 0.8 - - - 3.2 7.0 - - 9.6
Viewbank - 2.4 16.8 2.2 10.6 0.2 - 6.8 7.0 0.4 - 0.4 1.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 - 0.2 - - - - - - - 4.8 3.6 - - 10.4
Wallan - 15.8 0.4 14.2 - - - 7.8 - 0.8 - - - 1.6 - - - - - - - - - - 1.4 5.2 - - 13.2
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) - 1.2 16.2 0.6 7.4 0.2 - 4.2 1.4 0.4 - 0.2 0.8 0.4 - 0.8 - - - - - 0.2 - - - 0.8 3.0 - - 12.2
Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte - -

21.4 - 1.0
19.2 9.8 -

2.0 - 1.4 - - -

-
- - 5.0 10.0
- 8.6
Willowmavin (Avalon Station) - 5.2 18.8 3.6 8.8 - - 4.6 1.4 - - 0.2 - 0.2 0.4 - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 5.2 - - 12.2
Woodend - 9.8 9.8 0.6 11.0 - 0.6 16.0 1.6 0.6 - - 1.2 1.0 - 0.8 -












Yan Yean - 0.8

12.2 - -
4.2 - -

0.2 - 2.6 - - -

-
- - 2.0 7.8
- 14.2
Yarra River @ Warrandyte
1.8 20.8 8.8 15.2
























Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Greater Melbourne using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This summary includes data from observing sites in or near the Greater Melbourne “Greater Capital City Statistical Area” (GCCSA). The Australian Bureau of Statistics designed the GCCSAs to “include the population within the urban area of the city, as well as people who regularly socialise, shop or work within the city, and live in small towns and rural areas surrounding the city. It is important to note that GCCSAs do not define the built up edge of the city. They provide a stable definition for these cities and are designed for the output of a range of social and economic survey data.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Monday 2 December 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries