Greater Melbourne in February 2019: dry with mostly above average daytime temperatures

Rainfall in February was average to below average across Greater Melbourne. Daytime temperatures were above average while night-time temperatures were closer to average.

Mostly dry

  • February rainfall was average to below average at all sites across Greater Melbourne
  • Rainfall ranged between 22% of average at Moorabbin Airport to 65% of average at Essendon Airport
  • Moorabbin Airport had only 9.6 mm during the month, while the largest monthly total of 51.8 mm was recorded at Warburton, in the northeast of the Melbourne metropolitan area
  • The wettest day was the 7th, when thunderstorms associated with a low pressure trough brought widespread rainfall to Greater Melbourne, with daily rainfall totals generally between 5 and 15 mm
  • The highest daily rainfall total in February was recorded at Essendon airport, which had 23 mm on the 7th
  • The second part of the month was mostly dry across the Melbourne metropolitan area

Above average daytime temperatures

  • Maximum temperatures in February were above average across Greater Melbourne
  • Melbourne's two warmest days for the month were on the 2nd and 3rd, when warm northerly winds ahead of a cold front resulted in maximum temperatures in the high-30s to low 40s
  • The hottest temperature recorded in Greater Melbourne for the month was 42.2 °C, recorded on the 3rd at Cranbourne Botanic Gardens
  • The warmest minimum temperature for the month was also on the 3rd, when Ferny Creek recorded 21.1 °C
  • Ferny Creek also recorded Greater Melbourne's coolest daytime temperature during the month with 14.9 °C on the 9th, after the passage of a cold front

Melbourne (Olympic Park)

  • Total rainfall for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 18.6 mm
  • The mean daily maximum temperature for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 26.0 °C. The warmest day was 38.2 °C on the 3rd, and the coolest day was on the 13th when the temperature reached 19.2 °C
  • This February Melbourne (Olympic Park) has experienced 17 consecutive days of less than 30 °C; the last time such long run of consecutive days with daily maximum temperature less than 30 °C happened in Melbourne City was February 1966, when Melbourne Regional Office saw 22 such days
  • The mean daily minimum temperature for Melbourne (Olympic Park) was 15.8 °C. The coldest morning was 11.8 °C on the 13th, and the warmest morning was on the 7th when the minimum temperature was 20.7 °C

Strong winds and smoke

  • Smoky conditions were observed in Melbourne on 4 and 5 February as a result of fires burning across northwest Tasmania and in the Gippsland District
  • A line of thunderstorms crossed Greater Melbourne late on 6 February with damaging winds, rainfall and hail reported in some regions

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in February 2019
Hottest day 42.2 °C at Cranbourne Botanic Gardens on the 3rd
Warmest days on average 28.8 °C at Coldstream
Coolest days on average 24.5 °C at Ferny Creek
Coldest day 14.9 °C at Ferny Creek on the 9th
Coldest night 4.7 °C at Coldstream on the 14th
Coolest nights on average 11.5 °C at Coldstream
Warmest nights on average 15.8 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Warmest night 21.1 °C at Ferny Creek on the 3rd
Warmest on average overall 21.2 °C at Scoresby Research Institute
Coolest on average overall 18.5 °C at Ferny Creek
Wettest overall 51.8 mm at Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir)
Wettest day 23.0 mm at Essendon Airport on the 7th
Strongest wind gust 87 km/h at Fawkner Beacon on the 6th
87 km/h at South Channel Island on the 12th

Summary statistics for February 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
February
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
February
2019
Mean for
February
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
February
2019
Total for
February
2019
Average
for
February
Rank of
February
2019
Fraction of
February
average
Cerberus 25.6 +0.6 38.0 28th 14.1 -0.2 6.7 20th 11.0 37.2 low 30%
Coldstream 28.8 +1.0 40.1 3rd 11.5 -0.5 4.7 14th 27.6 51.3 average 54%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 26.9 +1.2 42.2 3rd 13.6 -0.4 7.7 27th 21.8 48.3 low 45%
Essendon Airport 26.9 +1.0 40.5 3rd 14.7 +0.7 10.3 14th 29.2 44.9 average 65%
Ferny Creek 24.5   36.5 3rd 12.5   6.2 13th 41.6
Laverton RAAF 26.1 +0.5 38.5 28th 14.3 0.0 8.1 14th 16.0 45.0 low 36%
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 26.0   38.2 3rd 15.8   11.8 13th 18.6
Melbourne Airport 27.7 +1.1 41.1 3rd 14.0 -0.2 8.7 14th 14.2 41.2 average 34%
Moorabbin Airport 26.5 +0.4 38.1 28th 15.2 +0.8 10.7 1st 9.6 44.4 low 22%
Scoresby Research Institute 28.0 +1.4 40.7 3rd 14.1 +0.2 9.3 10th 17.6 52.3 low 34%
Viewbank 28.0 +0.3 41.2 3rd 14.2 -0.4 8.0 14th 21.6 44.9 average 48%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 26.2 +1.4 37.4 3rd 12.2 -0.5 6.6 13th 12.0 46.8 low 26%

Daily maximum temperatures for February 2019
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728
Cerberus21.631.934.222.826.832.328.522.820.423.828.120.919.522.422.323.828.922.119.621.920.221.025.631.034.722.430.138.0
Coldstream27.036.740.124.230.234.530.925.819.925.528.922.020.024.629.231.231.228.422.924.023.326.229.934.034.728.335.037.1
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens22.634.342.223.027.832.330.124.219.423.327.621.319.623.623.325.828.824.221.123.022.627.031.434.723.731.737.6
Essendon Airport23.837.540.522.627.235.129.024.121.124.228.621.420.123.924.226.229.925.321.824.521.123.424.733.924.429.737.4
Ferny Creek23.133.136.520.725.930.928.121.614.920.924.016.616.320.523.826.727.323.518.820.018.221.524.829.430.824.030.733.2
Laverton RAAF22.331.635.223.126.831.928.722.620.523.729.222.019.923.722.723.927.523.920.624.120.822.124.633.335.423.328.338.5
Melbourne (Olympic Park)24.234.438.222.726.934.728.323.119.723.327.521.519.223.222.823.229.023.620.223.220.421.225.832.934.222.325.736.8
Melbourne Airport23.937.341.122.726.234.929.924.620.825.229.721.921.324.624.927.231.426.322.425.121.823.325.133.835.225.130.738.1
Moorabbin Airport24.334.236.624.128.334.228.423.319.523.227.321.819.322.823.824.527.623.720.724.121.423.928.033.234.823.628.238.1
Scoresby Research Institute26.436.640.724.829.534.930.425.219.524.428.921.319.924.427.228.030.226.021.923.922.124.628.433.534.925.734.037.5
Viewbank26.536.641.222.927.735.330.125.020.125.228.521.720.724.525.328.330.926.522.024.521.725.027.834.234.625.533.437.3
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)23.733.637.420.923.633.129.124.217.924.726.416.917.723.127.330.831.627.720.222.719.722.625.030.030.426.533.333.4
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for February 2019
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728
Cerberus13.511.816.518.416.318.119.618.414.413.811.215.710.99.112.410.210.416.613.96.713.514.915.715.714.014.514.6
Coldstream9.210.217.515.716.715.119.417.611.35.99.216.25.14.710.911.49.814.711.16.912.28.114.27.510.211.56.612.5
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens8.411.918.517.616.117.219.317.313.711.712.115.811.510.112.811.612.417.212.210.112.911.713.512.817.87.714.0
Essendon Airport12.013.518.618.417.317.120.217.213.011.312.617.910.610.314.716.113.618.812.010.711.615.215.912.616.412.315.8
Ferny Creek8.612.221.114.912.713.517.814.49.47.310.214.66.26.510.312.612.717.610.08.510.311.110.712.919.420.39.114.4
Laverton RAAF14.312.917.318.317.516.719.918.712.910.012.316.49.78.113.615.712.818.710.99.411.915.916.211.315.117.611.815.5
Melbourne (Olympic Park)12.615.019.120.017.718.520.718.114.613.014.418.411.812.314.816.115.018.013.713.514.015.516.413.818.017.912.916.3
Melbourne Airport11.013.017.617.116.815.519.716.811.69.411.817.49.28.714.914.612.519.410.39.110.514.815.612.619.016.611.315.8
Moorabbin Airport10.713.618.818.816.918.220.919.214.613.513.718.212.111.615.113.713.018.515.612.915.314.315.212.514.418.410.814.5
Scoresby Research Institute13.218.018.216.916.220.417.413.19.310.915.69.713.612.414.913.510.513.913.814.310.615.916.29.914.1
Viewbank10.312.818.318.716.917.419.617.213.711.011.716.610.58.013.915.912.616.912.710.912.614.515.511.715.515.311.015.4
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)7.512.020.214.712.413.317.414.28.98.112.014.06.67.911.412.612.718.08.78.49.110.611.312.716.117.99.912.9
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for February 2019
12345678910111213141516171819202122232425262728
Bonbeach (Carrum) - - - - - - 6.8 - - 7.0 - - 5.5
Bullengarook East - - - - 1.6 - 6.4 1.0 1.4 - - - 2.4 - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - -

Burnside - - - - - - 9.2 - - - - - 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cape Schanck - - - - - - 1.6 - 1.4 3.6 - - 4.2














Cerberus 0.2 - - - - - 0.2 0.2 0.2 3.0 - - 6.0 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cheltenham Kingston Centre - - - - - - 5.0 - 1.5 0.5 - - - - 3.0 - - - - - 0.2 - - - - - - -
Coldstream 0.2 - - 2.0 - - 11.2 0.6 - 8.8 - - 4.4 - - - - - 0.4 - - - - - - - - -
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens - - - - - - 4.0 0.4 0.2 9.6 - - 4.4 2.4 - - - - 0.2 - 0.6 - - - - - - -
Essendon Airport - - - - - 0.2 23.0 0.2 - 3.0 - - 2.8 - - - - - - - - - - - -
- -
Ferny Creek - - - - - - 17.2 3.4 0.2 10.4 - - 9.4 - - - - - - - 1.0 - - - - - - -
Greenvale Reservoir - - - -

3.0 3.2

- - 3.4

- - -
- -


- - -
Kinglake West - - - 0.4 0.8 1.4 - 0.8 7.0 - - 5.0 - - - - - 0.8 - 0.4






Kinglake West (Wallaby Creek) - - - -

1.8 1.4 0.8 6.4 - - 7.8

- - - 0.8 - - - -
- - -
Lancefield - - - - 0.4 - 6.4 - - - - 0.8 2.0 - - - - - 0.8








Laverton RAAF - - - - - - 12.6 - - 2.0 - - 1.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Main Ridge - - - - - - - - - 4.2 - - 13.4 - - - - - - 1.2






Melbourne (Olympic Park) - - - - - - 11.0 - - 4.8 - - 2.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Melbourne Airport - - - - - - 9.2 0.2 - 3.0 - - 1.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mitcham - - - -

7.0 1.4 0.4 8.2 - - 5.6

- - -
- 0.8 0.2 -
- - -
Moorabbin Airport - - - - - - 3.0 - - 3.4 - - 2.8 - - - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - - - - -
Newham (Cobaw) - - - - - - 8.8 - - - - - 3.0 - - - - - 0.2








Oakleigh (Metropolitan Golf Club) - - - - - - 8.4 - - - 3.2 4.6 - - - - - - - 1.0







Preston Reservoir - -
-

8.4 0.4 - 4.6 - - 4.6

- - -
- - - -
- - -
Romsey - - - - 1.2






















Rosebud (Country Club) - - - - - - 1.4 - - 5.2 - 1.4 4.8 3.6 - - - - 1.0








Scoresby Research Institute - - - - - - 3.8 0.8 0.2 7.4 - - 4.4 - - - - - - 0.4 0.6 - - - - - - -
Springvale (Sandown) - - - - - - 5.6 - 5.2 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2






Springvale Necropolis - - - - - - 5.0 - 5.5 - 6.0














Toorourrong Reservoir (Toorourrong) - - - -
0.2 1.6 0.4 0.4 7.6 - - 0.6

- - - 0.6 - - - -
- - -
Upper Plenty - - - - 0.6 - 3.0 1.8 - 4.8 - - 5.4 - - - - - 0.8








Viewbank - - - 0.2 - - 7.8 2.0 0.2 6.8 - - 3.4 - - - - - 0.2 - 1.0 - - - - - - -
Wallan - - - - - - 5.6 0.6 - 1.2 - - 3.6 - - - - - 0.8








Wallan (Kilmore Gap) - - - - 0.2 - 6.6 0.6 - 0.6 - - 3.4 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - -
Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte 0.4 - - 2.2
7.4 2.6 16.6

9.8 - 10.4

- - - 2.4 - - - -
- - -
Willowmavin (Avalon Station) 0.2 - - - - - 8.6 - - 0.8 - - 1.2 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - -
Woodend - - - - 1.6 0.2 7.2 - - 0.2 - - 2.6 - - - - - 0.2








Yan Yean - - - -

3.2 3.6

- - 4.0

- - - 1.2 1.0 - - -
- - -
Yarra River @ Warrandyte





4.4
- 8.0

2.6






1.2






Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Greater Melbourne using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This summary includes data from observing sites in or near the Greater Melbourne “Greater Capital City Statistical Area” (GCCSA). The Australian Bureau of Statistics designed the GCCSAs to “include the population within the urban area of the city, as well as people who regularly socialise, shop or work within the city, and live in small towns and rural areas surrounding the city. It is important to note that GCCSAs do not define the built up edge of the city. They provide a stable definition for these cities and are designed for the output of a range of social and economic survey data.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Friday 1 March 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries