Melbourne in November 2016: average to below average rainfall, below average temperatures

November rainfall was average to below average across the Melbourne metropolitan area. Both daytime and overnight temperatures were mostly below average.

Average to below average rainfall

  • November rainfall was near to below average across the metropolitan area, with most locations 10 to 40% below average
  • Kinglake West was the wettest location, receiving a total of 100.2 mm during the month; the highest daily rainfall total, 57.0 mm, was also recorded at the same site on the 14th, associated with the passage of a cold front
  • Melbourne City (Olympic Park) had 13 days with rainfall and a monthly total of 31.4 mm

Cooler than average daytime and overnight temperatures

  • Most Melbourne sites had cooler than average mean maximum and minimum temperatures
  • Mean maximum temperatures were generally 0.5 °C to 1.5 °C below average, while overnight temperatures were closer to average with most suburbs within 1 degree of average
  • At Melbourne City (Olympic Park) daily temperatures exceeded 25 °C on six days during November 2016. The warmest temperature recorded at this site during the month was 35.0 °C on the 21st, in a warm northerly flow preceding the approaching cold front

Strong winds

  • A cold front and the associated thunderstorms that swept across the city late afternoon on the 21st were accompanied by strong and gusty winds (in excess of 80 km/h at most sites) which brought high numbers of pollen grains across Melbourne. The thunderstorm and resulting rain caused pollen grains to burst, releasing smaller particles that caused breathing problems to the huge number of people (thunderstorm asthma)

Further information

Media
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Extremes in November 2016
Hottest day 35.9 °C at Laverton RAAF on the 21st
Warmest days on average 21.6 °C at Viewbank
Coolest days on average 17.5 °C at Ferny Creek
Coldest day 11.1 °C at Ferny Creek on the 14th
Coldest night 2.9 °C at Coldstream on the 11th
Coolest nights on average 7.9 °C at Wallan (Kilmore Gap)
Warmest nights on average 11.7 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Warmest night 21.0 °C at Ferny Creek on the 21st
Warmest on average overall 16.2 °C at Melbourne (Olympic Park)
Coolest on average overall 12.9 °C at Ferny Creek
Wettest overall 100.2 mm at Kinglake West
Driest overall 22.4 mm at Rosebud (Country Club)
Wettest day 57.0 mm at Kinglake West on the 14th
Strongest wind gust 96 km/h at South Channel Island on the 21st
96 km/h at St Kilda Harbour - RMYS on the 21st

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Rosebud (Country Club) 22.4 17.1 in 1982 59.0



Summary statistics for November 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2016
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2016
Total for
November
2016
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2016
Fraction of
November
average
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 21.3 -1.3 33.8 21st 10.5 -0.3 6.3 11th 61.2 69.1 average 89%
Cerberus 19.3 -1.2 34.9 21st 9.6 -1.0 4.9 11th 36.0 54.5 average 66%
Coldstream 21.3 -1.4 33.2 21st 8.7 -0.1 2.9 11th 62.4 68.8 average 91%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 19.5 -1.6 34.2 21st 9.6 -0.8 5.8 11th 38.7 74.6 v low 52%
Essendon Airport 21.5 -0.3 34.8 21st 10.3 +0.3 6.5 2nd 50.0 58.4 average 86%
Ferny Creek 17.5   30.0 21st 8.3   4.0 1st 87.4
Frankston AWS     33.5 21st 11.5 -0.7 8.2 11th
Laverton RAAF 21.0 -0.5 35.9 21st 10.0 -0.2 5.2 11th 39.6 52.7 average 75%
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 20.8   35.0 21st 11.7   8.4 11th 31.4
Melbourne Airport 21.2 -0.8 34.3 21st 9.6 -0.8 5.0 11th 37.2 61.9 low 60%
Moorabbin Airport 20.7 -0.9 35.7 21st 10.9 -0.2 5.9 11th 34.4 62.8 low 55%
Scoresby Research Institute 21.3 -0.2 34.7 21st 9.9 -0.4 4.7 11th 57.2 80.9 average 71%
Viewbank 21.6 -2.5 34.2 21st 10.4 -1.0 5.4 11th 61.0 74.4 average 82%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 18.1 -1.5 29.5 21st 7.9 -1.1 4.1 1st 52.4 68.8 average 76%

Daily maximum temperatures for November 2016
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Bundoora (Latrobe University)18.818.322.028.716.922.426.818.818.818.724.424.618.815.720.022.830.820.521.932.833.815.216.217.517.617.516.821.721.919.5
Cerberus16.916.019.127.915.219.423.916.416.416.618.624.717.816.616.617.530.416.818.127.934.915.615.316.817.116.916.917.318.217.9
Coldstream17.117.322.027.215.321.224.719.218.019.125.024.318.116.017.922.328.821.624.932.833.215.615.818.217.618.420.022.624.619.3
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens17.517.319.627.715.222.025.517.316.517.019.823.817.415.518.119.020.231.834.213.815.517.617.218.216.119.014.518.6
Essendon Airport18.519.920.928.718.322.225.818.418.918.922.125.119.816.320.121.630.820.422.034.034.814.316.818.118.717.518.121.021.720.1
Ferny Creek13.513.817.924.112.317.522.115.114.414.220.419.613.611.114.719.625.319.923.229.030.012.911.514.114.314.013.518.219.515.9
Frankston AWS14.614.917.822.114.520.616.118.016.720.620.115.714.415.419.826.531.733.514.415.215.418.820.617.4
Laverton RAAF18.318.820.729.816.722.825.918.118.617.920.625.520.517.019.921.832.118.921.429.135.914.916.917.417.817.918.518.619.718.5
Melbourne (Olympic Park)18.418.519.129.216.821.425.918.217.417.523.825.519.015.919.221.631.418.919.433.335.014.916.817.017.917.416.319.620.018.9
Melbourne Airport18.718.821.528.316.521.725.418.518.618.121.924.319.116.618.921.630.920.122.133.834.313.916.418.117.818.918.521.122.420.4
Moorabbin Airport17.617.919.328.815.520.826.117.218.317.122.325.420.216.818.321.831.018.120.532.535.714.416.817.417.417.216.519.121.619.1
Scoresby Research Institute18.117.821.127.916.721.725.918.718.918.723.924.418.316.819.622.029.521.123.233.234.714.415.917.918.017.917.221.423.319.8
Viewbank18.118.622.028.516.922.426.118.619.019.224.925.118.416.719.722.030.521.323.032.934.214.416.918.118.718.217.721.823.720.4
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)16.016.117.823.212.119.123.116.016.615.421.819.714.812.914.618.819.021.628.529.512.813.015.114.914.615.720.422.019.4
Values are the maximum temperature, usually in the 24 hours from 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred in the afternoon of that day.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily minimum temperatures for November 2016
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Bundoora (Latrobe University)6.86.87.59.510.415.210.97.610.76.310.710.511.08.610.89.315.09.510.419.114.010.28.59.911.210.912.08.512.1
Cerberus8.49.87.16.19.111.010.47.86.57.54.911.710.811.110.110.48.913.06.37.916.613.610.410.010.111.510.410.98.07.8
Coldstream4.83.85.23.29.09.513.110.14.111.62.910.710.611.09.19.86.912.24.57.515.115.19.64.19.88.110.312.78.47.4
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens7.79.57.67.39.29.613.89.56.59.45.811.110.210.79.010.27.59.317.212.99.56.810.210.58.711.07.59.5
Essendon Airport7.86.57.18.29.010.613.99.48.28.97.412.110.610.09.410.19.614.610.410.817.713.910.38.19.710.010.912.29.711.9
Ferny Creek4.04.25.88.95.66.110.37.26.27.86.111.77.37.57.58.49.710.97.311.021.012.46.96.07.27.57.99.37.18.9
Frankston AWS9.111.211.79.710.011.012.611.39.510.88.212.911.711.311.712.212.014.612.114.913.810.710.811.112.210.112.2
Laverton RAAF5.86.35.55.49.011.212.59.410.89.55.211.210.610.39.48.39.214.96.89.117.913.710.97.810.011.111.412.612.511.3
Melbourne (Olympic Park)9.49.710.010.210.011.514.611.09.211.98.413.211.711.511.011.912.015.311.711.917.914.511.010.310.912.211.612.210.413.3
Melbourne Airport5.55.16.87.48.610.413.68.07.88.45.011.310.49.58.68.310.213.810.19.616.913.310.47.58.68.910.812.19.610.1
Moorabbin Airport9.39.48.58.610.111.213.911.27.19.55.912.211.211.611.412.59.514.29.510.517.514.310.810.111.611.511.312.29.79.9
Scoresby Research Institute8.25.78.39.410.413.910.47.310.34.711.810.711.210.511.110.214.57.814.29.85.410.310.711.012.68.49.0
Viewbank8.28.17.67.29.311.214.510.58.410.25.412.510.710.79.411.09.214.510.210.617.213.910.28.49.611.110.911.88.811.8
Wallan (Kilmore Gap)4.15.16.39.15.47.49.95.96.07.25.310.38.06.76.77.69.311.47.19.917.012.47.15.56.76.17.68.97.69.2
Values are the minimum temperature, usually in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated,
and typically occurred that morning.
Temperatures coloured according to their difference
from the long-term average for the period
-10.0 -9.0 -8.0 -7.0 -6.0 -5.0 -4.0 -3.0 -2.0 -1.0 0.0 +1.0 +2.0 +3.0 +4.0 +5.0 +6.0 +7.0 +8.0 +9.0 +10.0 °C Grey outline marks highest
and lowest for the period

Daily rainfall for November 2016
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
Bonbeach (Carrum) - 2.3 - - - - - 2.5 - - - - - - 7.0 - - - - - - 9.0 6.7 5.2 - - - 2.0
Bullengarook East - 2.2 - - - - - 2.0 - - - 5.0 0.8 17.2 - 0.2 - - - - - 10.8 11.6 10.0 0.2




Bundoora (Latrobe University) - 0.4 - - 0.6 - - 0.8 - - - 3.2 3.8 27.6 0.2 - - - - - - 10.0 8.8 4.0 0.4 - 1.4 - - -
Burnside 0.4 0.4 - - - - - - - - - 3.0 2.0 9.2 - - - - - - - 10.0 6.6 4.0 0.2 - - 2.0 -
Cerberus 1.8 2.2 - - 1.6 1.0 - 1.2 - - - - 3.4 6.8 - 0.8 0.2 - - - - 5.0 2.8 7.2 1.2 - 0.4 0.4 - -
Coldstream 0.4 3.8 - - 0.2 0.2 0.2 2.6 - - - 2.6 4.2 21.4 1.6 - - - - - - 6.8 14.6 1.6 2.0 0.2 - - - -
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 1.5 0.4 - - 0.3 0.5 - 1.8 - - - 0.6 4.2 0.4 0.4 - - - - - 10.4 5.0 6.8 - - - 0.2 - -
Essendon Airport - 0.2 - - - - - 0.2 0.2 - - 3.4 2.6 23.2 - - - - - - - 8.4 7.2 4.0 0.2 - - 0.2 0.2 -
Ferny Creek 0.6 2.6 - 0.2 - 1.0
1.4 - 0.8 - 2.0 4.8 29.6 4.2 2.6 - - - - - 13.6 14.8 5.6 2.4 1.2 - - - -
Kinglake West - 4.8 - - - 2.0 - 1.2 - - - 4.2 5.0 57.0 4.2 0.4 - - - - - 5.6 15.8






Kinglake West (Wallaby Creek) 0.2 6.2 -

0.6 - 1.0 0.2 -


45.4 6.8 0.4 - - -


16.4 7.2 1.6 - - - -
Laverton RAAF
2.0 - - - - - 0.4 - - - 1.8 1.8 11.8 0.2 - - - - - - 11.6 5.0 4.0 - - - 1.0 - -
Main Ridge 1.4 - - - 2.0 - - - 4.8 - - 7.6 - 4.8 1.2 - - - - 4.0 - 5.8 - 3.0 - - 2.0
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 0.4 0.4 - - - - - 0.2 - - - 2.0 2.0 8.6 - - - - - - - 8.6 5.4 2.2 0.8 - 0.4 0.2 0.2 -
Melbourne Airport 0.2 1.2 - 0.2 - - - 0.4 - - - 3.6 2.2 10.2 - - - - - - - 7.6 7.8 2.8 - - - 0.8 0.2 -
Melbourne Botanical Gardens 0.8 0.8 - - - - - 0.2 - - - 2.2 2.4 9.2 - - - - - - - 9.8 8.4 1.2 - 0.8 0.4

Mitcham - 1.4 -

- - 0.6 - -


21.0 2.4 0.6 - - -


12.6 6.4 5.8 - 0.2 - -
Moorabbin Airport 0.6 2.2 - - - 0.4 - 0.4 - - - 1.2 2.6 9.0 - - - - - - - 8.4 5.2 1.6 0.8 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.2 -
Mornington 1.2 - - 0.4 1.0 - - - 10.4 - 0.8 - - - - - 6.8 2.0 0.8 - 0.2

Oakleigh (Metropolitan Golf Club) - 5.2 - - - 0.4 - - - - - 2.0 3.0 13.2 0.4 0.4 - - - - - 9.8 6.0 7.8 2.2 - 1.6 0.8

Pakenham 1.0 5.6 - - 1.0 2.4 - 1.4 - 0.2 - 0.8 2.0 10.4 0.4 0.4 - - - - - 11.2 10.2 15.6





Preston Reservoir - 0.4 -

0.2 - 0.6 - -


26.2 1.4 0.2 - - -


9.2 3.0 - - 0.2 0.4 -
Romsey 2.0 0.4 - - - - - 2.0 - - - 7.2 0.6 21.0 2.0 - - - - - 7.8 12.2 4.4 - - - - - -
Rosebud (Country Club) - 2.2 - - - 0.4 - 2.2 - 0.6 - - 4.0 3.2 0.4 1.4 - - - - - 3.6 0.4 2.6 0.6 - 0.8


Scoresby Research Institute 0.2 2.8 - - - 0.2 - 0.8 - - - 1.6 4.4 17.8 - 1.4 - - - - - 11.6 11.0 2.4 3.0 - - - - -
Springvale (Sandown) - 3.2 - - - - - - - - - 2.5 3.0 5.4 - - - - - - - 9.4 10.8 6.0 3.2 0.4



Springvale Necropolis - 4.5 - - - - - - - - - 17.2 - 1.0 - - - - - 10.1 7.0 4.2 3.5




Toorourrong Reservoir (Toorourrong) - 4.4 -

0.2 - 0.4 - -


21.4 1.0 0.4 - - -


14.8 4.6 0.2 - - - -
Viewbank - 0.8 - - - - - 1.0 - - - 2.8 2.8 28.8 0.2 0.2 - - - - - 10.0 10.0 3.2 0.8 0.2 0.2 - - -
Wallan - 1.2 - - - - - 0.4 - - - 5.8 0.4 - - - - - - - - 9.8 13.8 4.0





Wallan (Kilmore Gap) - - - - - - - 0.4 0.4 - - 3.8 0.2 18.0 - - -
- - - 8.8 15.0 5.8 - - - - - -
Warburton (O'Shannassy Reservoir (Quarte 0.4 3.0 -
1.4 2.0 - 2.0 - -


17.0 4.2 0.2 - - -


24.2 9.0 0.8 0.4 - 0.2 -
Yan Yean 0.8 5.6 -

- - 1.4 - -


18.6 2.0 0.4 - - -


13.8 3.0 0.4 - - - -
Yarra River @ Warrandyte - 1.4 - - - 0.2 0.2 1.8 0.2 - - 2.6 3.0 26.6 0.4 0.4 0.2 - - - - 10.4 12.4 7.8 3.2 0.2 - - - -
Most values are the precipitation in the 24 hours to 9 am on the day indicated. Days marked with → are part of a longer accumulation, which is shown on the final day.
Values over 100 mm have been rounded to the nearest whole millimetre.
Days marked with - have a rainfall report of zero; days left blank have no rainfall report (which often indicates no rain fell).
Rainfalls coloured
according to the amount
0 1.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 25.0 50.0 100 150 200 300 400 600 millimetres

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Melbourne using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries