Victoria in November 2016: average to below average rainfall, minimum temperatures generally below average

Rainfall in Victoria was mostly average to below average during November. Maximum temperatures were above average in the north and east, and below average in the rest of the State, while minimum temperatures were generally below the average across Victoria, except in the east.

Average to below average rainfall

  • Rainfall in most of the State in November was generally average. Below to very much below average rainfall was recorded in areas in the south and east of Victoria, while small pockets with above average rainfall were evident only in parts of the north
  • With 39.8 mm, rainfall for the whole of Victoria was 23.1% below average
  • On the 12th and 13th a low pressure system and the associated trough brought widespread rain with daily totals mostly in the 10 to 30 mm range; the highest daily total in Victoria, 57.0 mm at Kinglake West, was recorded to 9am on the 14th
  • More rain, mostly in the east of the State, with daily totals exceeding 30 mm at many locations, resulted from a cold front on the 22nd

Below average minimim temperatures

  • Mean maximum temperatures were above average in the north and east, and below average in the rest of the State
  • For the State as a whole, mean maximum temperatures were only 0.03 °C above the average
  • However, Victoria experienced several warm days during November; particularly warm was the 21st when most sites recorded temperatures higher than 30 °C; the highest maximum temperature in Victoria, 41.1 °C, was recorded on that day at Walpeup Research station
  • For most of the State mean minimum temperatures were cooler than average, with temperatures more than 1 °C cooler than average in the State's north-west; above average overnight temperatures were recorded only in the Victoria's east
  • For the State as a whole, mean minimum temperatures were 0.28 °C below the long-term average for the month

Strong winds

  • Strong winds associated with a cold front and the preceding low pressure trough were recorded in most of the State on the 21st with locally severe gusts during thunderstorms; the strongest wind gust during the month was 120 km/h at Colac (Mount Gellibrand) on that day
  • A suspected tornado at Merbein near Mildura on 11 November, with golf-ball sized hail and heavy rain caused severe damage to crops over a broad area, and some damage to residences

Further information

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Extremes in November 2016
Hottest day 41.1 °C at Walpeup Research on the 21st
Warmest days on average 28.0 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 11.2 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 0.0 °C at Mount Hotham on the 1st
Coldest night -5.5 °C at Mount Hotham on the 1st
Coolest nights on average 2.9 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 12.6 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 22.3 °C at Walpeup Research on the 21st
Warmest on average overall 19.8 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 7.1 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 159.2 mm at Mount Baw Baw
Wettest day 57.0 mm at Kinglake West on the 14th
Strongest wind gust 120 km/h at Colac (Mount Gellibrand) on the 21st

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Aireys Inlet 15.6 18.4 in 2006 23 58.4

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Gabo Island Lighthouse 30.4 0.4 in 1982 72.8
Rosebud (Country Club) 22.4 17.1 in 1982 59.0
Avalon Airport 13.2 5.0 in 1982* 48.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record lowest November temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Willow Grove (Blue Rock Reservoir) 2.0 on the 2nd 3.0 on the 16th in 2006 26 9.9



Record lowest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Avalon Airport 9.0 9.2 in 1996 21 10.6



Summary statistics for November 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2016
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2016
Total for
November
2016
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2016
Fraction of
November
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 28.0 +0.4 39.6 21st 11.7 -0.9 5.3 1st 51.2 25.7 high 199%
Ouyen (Post Office) 27.7 +0.3 40.9 21st 10.6 -0.9 4.1 1st 26.2 28.0 average 94%
Walpeup Research 27.9 +1.0 41.1 21st 10.4 -1.0 5.0 2nd 33.6 27.3 high 123%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 26.9 -1.5 40.4 21st 8.7 -2.5 2.0 3rd 17.2 28.2 average 61%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 27.8 -0.4 40.0 21st 10.0 -1.7 3.1 2nd 22.4 42.3 average 53%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 24.2 -2.6 38.1 21st 8.6 -1.8 4.2 3rd 13.6 27.7 average 49%
Warracknabeal Museum 25.2 -0.7 38.2 21st 8.7 -1.5 4.5 24th 18.8 30.5 average 62%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 21.7 -3.0 34.0 20th 8.8 -1.1 3.1 9th 23.2 24.6 average 94%
Grampians (Mount William) 14.8 -1.5 28.0 21st 4.9 -1.7 -0.1 1st 110.8 70.2 high 158%
Horsham Aerodrome 23.7 -2.4 37.6 21st 7.4 -1.2 2.5 3rd 8.6 29.2 v low 29%
Kanagulk 21.5 -3.1 35.2 21st 8.3 -0.9 3.0 8th 8.8 27.4 v low 32%
Longerenong 24.7 0.0 38.7 21st 7.7 -1.3 1.8 1st 17.0 30.4 average 56%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 17.8   30.2 21st 7.1   2.3 5th 36.6
Stawell Aerodrome 22.5 -1.4 37.3 21st 8.9 -1.0 5.0 28th 17.0 40.3 low 42%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 26.5 -1.1 40.0 21st 8.6 -2.6 3.5 3rd 22.6 41.3 average 55%
Echuca Aerodrome 26.5 +0.4 38.1 21st 10.8 -0.4 6.2 24th 36.7 32.5 average 113%
Kerang 27.2 +0.4 39.5 21st 10.7 -0.6 6.3 24th 28.2 29.6 average 95%
Kyabram 26.0 +0.8 37.9 21st 9.5 -0.8 4.6 3rd 31.2 37.1 average 84%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 24.4 -0.2 36.9 21st 9.3 -0.4 2.5 2nd 37.6 45.8 average 82%
Shepparton Airport 25.1 -1.1 37.9 21st 10.0 -0.7 4.8 3rd 53.8 50.3 average 107%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 24.5 -0.2 37.7 21st 9.5 -0.8 3.8 3rd 33.2 40.1 average 83%
Yarrawonga 26.6 -0.6 39.0 21st 9.9 -1.3 5.3 3rd 37.4 44.9 average 83%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 24.8 -2.3 36.0 21st 9.7 -1.5 3.5 3rd 42.0 55.0 low 76%
Corryong Airport 25.1 -1.8 33.2 21st 8.9 -0.7 4.0 1st 48.0 76.0 low 63%
Dartmouth Reservoir 23.7 -0.3 32.9 21st 9.3 -0.5 4.0 1st 71.0 68.7 average 103%
Hunters Hill 19.4 -0.5 28.0 21st 9.4 -0.7 2.1 24th 90.4 95.2 average 95%
Rutherglen Research 25.3 -0.1 36.7 21st 7.8 -0.9 3.5 3rd 29.8 44.9 average 66%
Strathbogie 20.5 -1.1 29.1 20th 6.7 -0.9 1.1 3rd 77.8 64.1 high 121%
Wangaratta Aero 25.4 -0.4 36.1 21st 9.2 -0.3 5.2 3rd 35.8 51.0 low 70%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 12.5 -0.1 20.3 20th 4.0 -0.3 -3.6 1st 2.2 123.1 lowest 2%
Mount Buller 11.8 -0.6 20.8 20th 3.4 -1.4 -4.5 1st 122.8 124.2 average 99%
Mount Hotham 11.2 -0.1 19.8 20th 2.9 -0.9 -5.5 1st 124.4 141.5 average 88%
Omeo 21.0 -1.2 29.9 21st 7.4 -0.4 1.3 25th 57.2 73.7 low 78%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 20.9 -0.1 34.3 21st 9.1 -0.8 5.9 24th 39.0 107.6 v low 36%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 19.2 +0.8 26.2 17th 12.6 -0.2 8.6 1st 30.4 72.8 low 42%
Gelantipy 18.6 -0.5 29.6 21st 7.8 -0.2 3.7 2nd 51.2 95.0 v low 54%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 20.9 -0.4 37.4 21st 11.1 -0.6 6.9 5th 49.2 74.6 low 66%
Mallacoota 20.7 0.0 32.8 21st 11.5 -0.6 6.5 1st 49.4 86.5 average 57%
Mount Nowa Nowa 20.0 -1.0 35.3 21st 10.1 -0.7 7.2 24th 85.8 88.8 average 97%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 20.4 0.0 30.4 21st 12.1 -0.6 7.0 1st 58.2 81.2 average 72%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 21.1 -0.7 37.0 21st 10.1 +0.5 5.2 1st 56.8 79.8 average 71%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 18.5   33.3 21st 9.7   3.8 9th 47.8
East Sale Airport 21.2 -0.1 37.0 21st 10.0 +0.4 4.2 1st 53.4 62.9 average 85%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 21.6 -0.4 37.0 21st 9.8 +0.3 4.3 1st 57.6 74.4 low 77%
Mount Baw Baw 11.5 -1.0 23.0 21st 3.0 -1.4 -3.4 1st 159.2 154.8 average 103%
Nilma North (Warragul) 20.4   34.6 21st 9.6   3.9 11th 55.4
Pound Creek 19.2   33.9 21st 9.4   2.8 9th 36.4 66.1 v low 55%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 17.4 +0.2 32.3 21st 11.4 +0.1 6.8 1st 48.4 70.8 low 68%
Yarram Airport 20.5   36.9 21st 9.6   3.0 9th 59.8 71.7 average 83%
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 21.3 -1.3 33.8 21st 10.5 -0.3 6.3 11th 61.2 69.1 average 89%
Cerberus 19.3 -1.2 34.9 21st 9.6 -1.0 4.9 11th 36.0 54.5 average 66%
Coldstream 21.3 -1.4 33.2 21st 8.7 -0.1 2.9 11th 62.4 68.8 average 91%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 19.5 -1.6 34.2 21st 9.6 -0.8 5.8 11th 38.7 74.6 v low 52%
Essendon Airport 21.5 -0.3 34.8 21st 10.3 +0.3 6.5 2nd 50.0 58.4 average 86%
Ferny Creek 17.5   30.0 21st 8.3   4.0 1st 87.4
Frankston AWS     33.5 21st 11.5 -0.7 8.2 11th
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 20.8   35.0 21st 11.7   8.4 11th 31.4
Melbourne Airport 21.2 -0.8 34.3 21st 9.6 -0.8 5.0 11th 37.2 61.9 low 60%
Moorabbin Airport 20.7 -0.9 35.7 21st 10.9 -0.2 5.9 11th 34.4 62.8 low 55%
Rhyll 19.1 -0.9 30.9 21st 11.5 -0.8 9.1 5th 37.0 60.3 low 61%
Scoresby Research Institute 21.3 -0.2 34.7 21st 9.9 -0.4 4.7 11th 57.2 80.9 average 71%
Viewbank 21.6 -2.5 34.2 21st 10.4 -1.0 5.4 11th 61.0 74.4 average 82%
Wonthaggi 19.4 -0.6 34.1 21st 10.2 -0.2 5.6 11th 41.8 70.0 low 60%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 21.6 -0.8 38.1 21st 9.0 -1.6 4.5 11th 13.2 48.2 v low 27%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 20.5   36.2 21st 9.7   6.0 19th 14.0
Laverton RAAF 21.0 -0.5 35.9 21st 10.0 -0.2 5.2 11th 39.6 52.7 average 75%
Sheoaks 20.4 -0.6 34.9 21st 8.4 -0.6 4.0 9th 17.4 61.4 v low 28%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 22.4 -0.3 35.0 21st 9.9 +0.7 4.8 24th 59.8 48.3 high 124%
Eildon Fire Tower 19.5 -1.6 30.6 21st 8.7 -1.1 4.2 1st 63.0 59.2 average 106%
Lake Eildon 23.4 -0.1 33.8 21st 9.2 -0.1 4.4 24th 62.6 67.6 average 93%
Mangalore Airport 23.7 -0.7 35.6 21st 9.1 -0.8 2.2 2nd 39.4 47.9 average 82%
Maryborough 22.6 -1.1 36.4 21st 8.5 -1.0 4.3 1st 33.0 39.7 average 83%
Redesdale 23.7 0.0 34.6 21st 7.3 -1.2 1.1 2nd 39.2 41.4 average 95%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 18.1 -1.5 29.5 21st 7.9 -1.1 4.1 1st 52.4 68.8 average 76%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 21.5 -0.1 34.2 21st 8.0 +0.2 3.2 3rd
Ballarat Aerodrome 19.3 -0.4 31.0 21st 7.6 -0.2 2.5 1st 34.0 55.5 low 61%
Westmere 20.2 -3.1 33.0 21st 7.1 -0.9 1.3 28th 34.8 42.1 average 83%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 19.9 +0.2 36.3 21st 10.1 -0.9 6.0 8th 15.6 58.4 lowest 27%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 18.0 -0.7 31.8 17th 11.6 -0.4 8.5 4th 42.0 41.1 average 102%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 17.6 -0.7 32.7 21st 10.8 +0.1 8.0 5th 38.0 63.2 low 60%
Casterton 20.1 -2.7 31.0 20th 8.0 -1.1 1.9 8th 44.0 35.9 average 123%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 19.0 -1.6 33.7 21st 8.3 -1.3 5.3 8th 22.0 46.1 low 48%
Dartmoor 19.9   30.9 17th 8.5   1.4 8th 46.8
Hamilton Airport 20.0 -1.0 32.5 21st 7.8 -0.3 2.1 8th 34.4 46.6 low 74%
Mortlake Racecourse 19.7 -1.2 32.3 21st 7.2 -0.7 1.0 28th 38.0 47.3 average 80%
Port Fairy AWS 18.9 -1.0 31.9 21st 10.8 -0.4 5.7 8th 20.8 44.1 low 47%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 17.5 -1.2 30.0 17th 9.6 -0.3 4.0 28th 67.4 52.3 average 129%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 18.8 -1.7 33.3 21st 8.6 -0.4 3.5 11th 43.6 51.1 average 85%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries