Victoria in February 2017: both rainfall and temperatures close to average

February rainfall in Victoria was mostly average with areas of above average rainfall in the State's northwest and in parts of the south. Both day-time and overnight temperatures were mostly average across Victoria.

Mostly average rainfall

  • Rainfall for Victoria as a whole was close the long-term average of 32.0 mm; it was the highest February rainfall since 2013
  • Rainfall was above average in large areas of Mallee and North Wimmera Districts, as well as in parts of the West Coast and East Central Districts; below average rainfall was recorded only in a few patches, mostly in the east of the State
  • On the 6th the cold front and an associated low pressure trough brought widespread rainfall across the State, with daily totals generally between 20 and 30 mm, and locally higher falls
  • The highest daily rainfall total, 56.6 mm, was recorded at Main Ridge on the Mornington Peninsula on the 6th
  • The low pressure system which moved south of Victoria on the 19th resulted in rainfall totals mostly between 5 and 10 mm

Mostly average temperatures

  • Both mean maximum and minimum temperatures were close to average across Victoria
  • The State experienced high day-time temperatures between the 8th and 10th, in a hot northerly air-stream preceding the approaching low pressure trough; during this period many sites across the State had their late season maximum temperature records; however, no new February maximum temperature records were set due to the exceptionally high temperatures on Black Saturday, 7 February 2009, as noted in the Special Climate Statement 61.
  • The highest maximum temperature in Victoria during February was 46.9 °C, recorded at Walpeup Research on the 9th
  • The mean minimum temperature was just below the average for Victoria, with an anomaly of −0.46 °C for the State as a whole, the lowest since 2008
  • There were several cool nights during the month; particularly low minimum temperatures were on the 20th and 21st, when some sites had their lowest February temperature on record
  • The lowest minimum temperature recoded in Victoria during the month was −2.2 °C at Mount Hotham on the 20th

Strong winds

  • There were several days with strong winds, most notably on the 9th, 12th, 13th and the 22nd. The strongest wind gusts 107 km/h, were recorded at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 12th and 13th, in a strong southerly air-stream which followed the passage of a cold front.

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Extremes in February 2017
Hottest day 46.9 °C at Walpeup Research on the 9th
Warmest days on average 32.7 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 15.3 °C at Mount Baw Baw
15.3 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 3.4 °C at Mount Hotham on the 20th
Coldest night -2.2 °C at Mount Hotham on the 20th
Coolest nights on average 6.9 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Warmest nights on average 16.8 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 28.8 °C at Mildura Airport on the 9th
Warmest on average overall 24.5 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 11.1 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Wettest overall 132.2 mm at Ferny Creek
Wettest day 56.6 mm at Main Ridge on the 6th
Strongest wind gust 107 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 12th
107 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 13th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest February daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Mount Nowa Nowa 13.2 on the 18th = 13.2 on the 10th in 2002 22 24.5



Record highest February daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Mount Hotham 18.8 on the 11th 18.7 on the 8th in 2009 26 8.1



Record lowest February temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Mangalore Airport 3.5 on the 20th 5.0 on the 24th in 1964 59 14.3
Longerenong 3.0 on the 20th = 3.0 on the 17th in 1998 53 13.2
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 4.9 on the 20th 5.0 on the 17th in 1998 53 14.5
Strathbogie 1.2 on the 19th 2.0 on the 10th in 1980 40 11.7
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 6.4 on the 16th 6.7 on the 13th in 2000 28 14.0
Mount Moornapa 6.3 on the 20th = 6.3 on the 17th in 1998 24 13.5
Redesdale 3.0 on the 21st 3.4 on the 11th in 2006 24 13.4
Avalon Airport 6.8 on the 15th = 6.8 on the 14th in 1996 22 14.5
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 8.1 on the 21st 8.6 on the 28th in 2004 22 15.2
Swan Hill Aerodrome 5.5 on the 20th 7.0 on the 17th in 1998 21 16.1



Record lowest February mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
February
Dartmouth Reservoir 11.3 = 11.3 in 1996 37 13.8



Summary statistics for February 2017
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
February
2017
Diff
from
average
Highest for
February
2017
Mean for
February
2017
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
February
2017
Total for
February
2017
Average
for
February
Rank of
February
2017
Fraction of
February
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 32.7 +1.0 46.3 9th 16.2 -0.3 7.4 20th 5.2 22.2 average 23%
Ouyen (Post Office) 31.9 +0.3 46.4 9th 15.3 0.0 6.5 20th 25.0 24.0 average 104%
Walpeup Research 31.7 +0.4 46.9 9th 14.7 -0.7 6.6 20th 39.6 23.7 high 167%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 30.8 -1.3 46.2 9th 13.6 -1.3 5.6 19th 45.6 17.5 high 261%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 32.0 -0.4 46.0 9th 14.7 -1.4 5.5 20th 19.8 21.7 average 91%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 29.9   45.5 9th 12.6   6.4 20th 37.2
Nhill Aerodrome 29.4 -1.2 43.5 9th 12.7 -0.8 6.1 21st 19.2 12.4 high 155%
Warracknabeal Museum 30.1 -0.7 45.0 9th 13.0 -1.2 6.9 21st 30.7 21.6 high 142%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Grampians (Mount William) 19.3 -1.0 33.5 9th 7.8 -2.1 2.9 19th 30.4 35.3 average 86%
Horsham Aerodrome 29.2 -1.3 44.3 9th 11.4 -1.2 4.2 21st 15.6 23.0 average 68%
Kanagulk 28.2 -0.6 42.7 9th 11.4 -1.6 4.6 21st 16.0 16.6 average 96%
Longerenong 29.7 -0.3 45.9 9th 12.4 -0.8 3.0 20th 19.6 23.3 average 84%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 23.1   37.4 9th 10.2   4.7 19th 37.0 34.7 average 107%
Stawell Aerodrome 27.7 -0.9 42.8 9th 12.4 -1.4 5.6 21st 13.4 29.2 low 46%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 30.4 -1.1 45.4 9th 12.9 -2.3 6.3 20th 30.0 18.6 high 161%
Echuca Aerodrome 30.7 +0.1 43.3 9th 14.1 -1.1 6.6 20th 33.6 26.6 average 126%
Kerang 31.6 +0.4 44.8 10th 14.8 -0.4 7.9 20th 22.8 23.8 average 96%
Kyabram 30.3 +0.3 43.5 9th 13.8 -1.1 6.9 19th 36.2 28.6 high 127%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 28.7 -0.9 41.6 9th 13.5 -0.9 5.5 19th 29.4 32.6 average 90%
Shepparton Airport 29.9 -1.2 42.0 9th 14.3 -0.8 7.5 21st 26.6 39.8 average 67%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 29.0 -0.5 41.2 9th 13.5 -1.0 4.9 20th 29.6 33.6 average 88%
Yarrawonga 31.8 +0.2 44.0 10th 14.7 -1.1 6.2 21st 17.4 46.7 low 37%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 29.5 -1.7 40.2 10th 13.5 -2.1 6.0 20th 36.4 50.1 average 73%
Corryong Airport 31.4 +0.5 42.3 10th 11.2 -2.5 4.1 21st 20.0 79.0 low 25%
Dartmouth Reservoir 28.0 -1.2 36.1 11th 11.3 -2.5 4.0 21st 35.2 56.6 average 62%
Hunters Hill 25.2 0.0 36.4 10th 13.4 -0.7 3.5 20th 40.6 75.2 average 54%
Rutherglen Research 31.5 +0.7 44.4 10th 12.7 -1.2 3.9 21st 1.8 38.0 low 5%
Strathbogie 26.2 -1.2 36.8 10th 10.2 -1.5 1.2 19th 39.2 44.4 average 88%
Wangaratta Aero 30.9 -0.1 42.6 10th 13.0 -0.8 5.3 21st 19.4 44.8 average 43%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 16.4 -0.9 26.0 10th 8.0 -0.6 -1.6 20th 53.6 94.0 average 57%
Mount Buller 16.0 -1.2 26.4 10th 7.9 -1.1 -1.5 19th 58.2 76.3 average 76%
Mount Hotham 15.3 -0.6 24.2 10th 7.3 -0.8 -2.2 20th 109.0 103.3 average 106%
Omeo 26.7 +1.3 37.3 10th 9.6 -1.1 1.1 21st 27.4 60.3 average 45%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 24.8 +0.3 36.9 9th 12.7 -0.8 5.5 20th 24.6 81.7 low 30%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 22.4 +0.8 29.1 9th 16.8 +0.6 10.9 20th 55.0 67.7 average 81%
Gelantipy 24.2 +1.1 34.5 9th 10.8 -0.8 3.8 19th 35.0 68.6 average 51%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 22.4 -1.5 30.7 8th 14.0 -1.1 8.5 15th 30.6 54.8 low 56%
Mallacoota 23.7 -0.3 33.5 9th 15.5 -0.2 8.0 20th 42.4 62.5 average 68%
Mount Nowa Nowa 23.6 -0.9 35.2 9th 13.2 -1.1 6.5 20th 28.0 63.1 low 44%
Orbost 24.3 -1.2 37.5 9th 13.5 -1.1 7.6 15th 17.6 55.8 low 32%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 23.9 +0.1 32.9 9th     9.2 20th 48.5 57.5 average 84%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 25.1 -0.4 37.4 9th 12.5 -0.4 5.1 15th 28.8 47.5 average 61%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 22.8   31.1 9th 12.8   6.0 15th 91.4
East Sale Airport 25.1 -0.3 37.1 9th 12.7 -0.5 5.5 19th 29.4 42.4 average 69%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 26.3 -0.4 37.8 9th 12.2 -0.7 7.1 1st 39.2 44.4 average 88%
Mount Baw Baw 15.3 -1.5 23.8 9th 6.9 -1.4 -0.5 20th 107.4 101.3 average 106%
Mount Moornapa 25.2 +0.5 37.5 9th 12.3 -1.2 6.3 20th 37.6 66.5 average 57%
Nilma North (Warragul) 25.1   37.1 9th 12.1   7.2 15th 64.8
Pound Creek 24.0   32.0 9th 11.9   3.8 15th 80.8 41.4 high 195%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 20.2 -0.4 32.7 8th 14.9 +0.1 10.3 20th 87.6 46.7 high 188%
Yarram Airport 24.4   34.0 9th 12.1   6.2 1st 40.2 51.8 average 78%
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 26.4 -0.5 38.0 9th 12.9 -1.4 7.5 15th 34.7 43.7 average 79%
Cerberus 24.5 -0.5 35.7 8th 13.1 -1.2 6.8 15th 65.0 39.4 high 165%
Coldstream 26.7 -1.1 37.9 9th 10.9 -1.1 3.8 19th 50.8 54.4 average 93%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 25.3 -0.4 35.7 9th 12.6 -1.4 6.4 16th 90.2 51.0 high 177%
Essendon Airport 26.8 +1.0 37.4 9th 13.7 -0.3 8.1 15th 33.0 45.7 average 72%
Ferny Creek 22.1   33.0 9th 11.7   5.9 19th 132.2
Frankston AWS 24.0 -0.9 34.8 4th 14.7 -1.3 9.7 20th
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 25.9   36.0 9th 14.8   10.0 15th 40.2
Melbourne Airport 26.7 +0.1 37.4 9th 12.9 -1.3 7.4 21st 29.8 42.5 average 70%
Moorabbin Airport 25.6 -0.5 36.7 4th 13.7 -0.7 8.7 15th 56.2 45.7 high 123%
Rhyll 23.6 -0.8 31.1 9th 15.1 -0.9 10.3 20th 83.2 42.2 high 197%
Scoresby Research Institute 26.1 -0.4 36.3 9th 12.6 -1.3 8.0 20th 79.8 53.6 high 149%
Viewbank 26.9 -0.8 37.8 9th 13.1 -1.6 7.5 21st 48.4 48.6 average 100%
Wonthaggi 23.9 -0.7 33.6 8th 13.2 -0.3 7.4 15th 76.0 46.3 high 164%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 26.4 +0.2 37.9 4th 13.1 -1.4 6.8 15th 29.0 33.9 average 86%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 25.7   36.3 8th 13.5   8.3 15th 46.2
Laverton RAAF 26.1 +0.6 37.1 4th 13.4 -0.9 7.4 15th 34.6 46.0 average 75%
Sheoaks 26.2 +0.7 36.3 4th 11.5 -1.3 5.5 21st 26.2 39.1 average 67%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 27.0 -1.4 40.1 9th 12.9 -0.6 5.0 21st 24.0 37.1 average 65%
Eildon Fire Tower 25.3 -1.6 36.5 10th 12.7 -1.1 5.7 19th 46.4 43.0 average 108%
Lake Eildon 28.4 -0.7 38.5 10th 12.0 -0.8 4.6 19th 42.2 42.7 average 99%
Mangalore Airport 28.7 -0.6 39.1 9th 12.9 -1.4 3.5 20th 30.2 34.9 average 87%
Maryborough 28.1 -0.6 42.7 9th 12.1 -1.1 5.5 21st 21.6 32.5 average 66%
Redesdale 29.5 +0.5 41.2 10th 11.4 -2.0 3.0 21st 22.0 37.1 average 59%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 24.8 +0.1 35.5 9th 11.7 -1.1 6.1 19th 29.0 50.2 average 58%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 27.2 +0.1 41.5 9th 10.8 -0.6 2.5 21st 32.2 31.9 average 101%
Ballarat Aerodrome 25.1 0.0 40.1 9th 10.6 -0.9 3.2 21st 44.2 44.0 average 100%
Westmere 26.6 -0.9 39.1 9th 10.3 -1.5 1.9 21st 32.6 17.3 high 188%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 23.4 +0.4 34.5 22nd 13.5 -1.3 9.5 19th 33.8 34.7 average 97%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 21.6 +0.3 34.3 22nd 13.9 -1.3 8.1 21st 42.2 26.3 high 160%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 21.0 -0.6 33.6 22nd 14.0 0.0 10.2 1st 38.0 41.8 average 91%
Casterton 26.0 -1.4 38.5 8th 11.2 -1.5 3.6 21st 25.8 30.6 average 84%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 25.7 +0.4 35.9 8th 12.4 -0.6 9.1 15th 25.8 29.6 average 87%
Dartmoor 25.4   39.2 8th 11.6   5.3 21st 44.2
Hamilton Airport 26.2 -0.6 37.7 8th 11.1 -0.2 4.8 21st 21.4 23.9 average 90%
Mortlake Racecourse 26.0 -0.4 37.5 8th 10.5 -1.2 3.4 21st 37.8 32.4 high 117%
Port Fairy AWS 22.6 -0.3 38.5 8th 13.4 -1.2 7.2 21st 29.6 29.4 average 101%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 22.3 -0.2 36.9 8th 12.1 -0.7 4.9 21st 39.0 27.9 average 140%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 24.0 -0.8 37.6 8th 11.9 -0.5 4.7 21st 54.6 31.5 high 173%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Wednesday 1 March 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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Enquiries