Victoria in March 2017: record warm month; near average rainfall

Victoria as a whole had its warmest mean temperature in March on record. Rainfall across the State was close to average.

Highest on record mean temperature for Victoria

  • For Victoria as a whole the mean temperature in March was highest on record, with an anomaly of 2.83 °C above the long-term average; many sites had their highest March mean temperature on record
  • Averaged across the State, mean maximum temperature was the 2nd highest, while the mean minimum temperature was the 3rd highest on record
  • Many sites across the State had a record number of consecutive days with maximum temperature above 25 °C
  • Mean maximum temperatures were well above average for all sites, mostly by two or three degrees
  • The highest temperature in Victoria during March was 38.0 °C, recorded at Walpeup Research station on the 2nd
  • The State experienced several very warm nights during the month; the highest minimum temperature was 23.2 °C at Echuca aerodrome on the 16th, in a hot northerly air-stream
  • Orbost area had its highest daily minimum temperature in March, in 80 years of record, with 22.1  °C on the 16th
  • Many sites had their record highest March mean daily maximum and mean daily minimum temperatures

Close to average rainfall for most of Victoria

  • Below average rainfall was in large areas of North and South Mallee Districts, as well as in parts of the East Central and West Gippsland Districts; above average rainfall was recorded mostly in parts of the West Coast District
  • Averaged acros the State, rainfall was 12.3% below the long-term March mean of 41.1 mm
  • A slow moving low pressure trough brought widespread rainfall to Victoria between the 19th and the 22nd; the heaviest daily falls, mostly between 30 and 60 mm were on the 22nd and some sites had their wettest March day on record
  • The highest daily rainfall total in the State, 100.8 mm, was recorded at Aireys Inlet (Surf Coast) on the 22nd
  • The cold front and the associated low pressure trough which crossed the State on the 27th brought widespread moderate rainfall to the eastern part of the State

Strong winds

  • Strong winds were recorded across Victoria during the passage of an intense cold front and the associated low pressure trough on the 27th; the strongest wind gust of 107 km/h was recorded at Mt William (Grampians)

Further information

Media
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Enquiries

Extremes in March 2017
Hottest day 38.0 °C at Walpeup Research on the 2nd
Warmest days on average 32.5 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 15.0 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 3.0 °C at Mount Baw Baw on the 30th
Coldest night -2.7 °C at Mount Hotham on the 31st
Coolest nights on average 7.6 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 17.0 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 23.2 °C at Echuca Aerodrome on the 16th
Warmest on average overall 24.6 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 11.3 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 142.0 mm at Durdidwarrah
Wettest day 100.8 mm at Aireys Inlet on the 22nd
Strongest wind gust 107 km/h at Grampians (Mount William) on the 27th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest March daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Strath Creek 62.0 on the 21st 52.2 on the 21st in 1989 35
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 44.0 on the 22nd 33.2 on the 8th in 1995 28
Cerberus 36.8 on the 22nd 33.8 on the 21st in 1989 26
Aireys Inlet 100.8 on the 22nd 57.0 on the 8th in 1995 23
Port Fairy AWS 51.2 on the 22nd 30.4 on the 22nd in 2014 23
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 41.4 on the 22nd 32.0 on the 17th in 2001 22



Record highest March total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Aireys Inlet 123.8 83.0 in 1995 23 38.2
Port Fairy AWS 71.4 69.0 in 2012 23 38.5
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 62.4 56.6 in 2012 22 36.5

Highest March total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
March
Durdidwarrah 142.0 187.9 in 1970 50.2
Derrinallum (Craigmore) 56.6 57.2 in 1995* 34.5
Nullawarre 72.4 =72.4 in 1995* 53.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest March mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Mildura Airport 32.5 31.9 in 2016 70 28.4
Walpeup Research 32.2 32.1 in 1940 68 28.0
Mangalore Airport 29.8 29.2 in 1986 58 26.2
Scoresby Research Institute 27.8 27.5 in 2008 58 24.1
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 29.5 = 29.5 in 2016 52 26.3
Kyabram 30.5 = 30.5 in 2016 51 26.6
Ararat Prison 27.7 27.3 in 2008 47 23.9
Lake Eildon 29.9 29.1 in 2016 47 25.7
Melbourne Airport 27.8 27.1 in 2008 46 24.1
Moorabbin Airport 27.0 26.9 in 2013 45 23.8
Strathbogie 27.3 27.2 in 2016 40 23.9
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 27.5 27.4 in 2008 33 24.3
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 27.5 27.4 in 2013 33 24.4
Bendigo Airport 29.5 29.0 in 2016 25 26.0
Frankston AWS 25.9 25.3 in 2013 25 22.5
Mount Moornapa 25.5 = 25.5 in 2013 23 22.1
Redesdale 29.8 28.4 in 2008 23 25.3
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 26.2 24.4 in 2008 23 21.4
Yarrawonga 31.3 31.1 in 2016 23 27.8
Coldstream 28.8 27.7 in 2008 22 25.1
Eildon Fire Tower 27.0 25.6 in 2006 20 23.1
Shepparton Airport 30.3 30.2 in 2016 20 27.4
Swan Hill Aerodrome 32.2 31.8 in 2008 20 28.5

Highest March mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
March
Kerang 31.6 33.0 in 1940* 27.8
Essendon Airport 27.7 29.2 in 1940* 24.0
Castlemaine Prison 27.8 28.5 in 1974* 24.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest March mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 16.5 = 16.5 in 2013 139 14.2
Ouyen (Post Office) 16.5 16.4 in 1974 80 13.0
Walpeup Research 16.3 = 16.3 in 1974 68 13.2
Kyabram 15.3 15.2 in 2016 51 12.4
Essendon Airport 15.1 = 15.1 in 2013 47 12.5
Castlemaine Prison 14.4 14.0 in 1974 46 10.9
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 14.2 13.8 in 1989 34 11.7
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 14.6 14.5 in 1983 33 12.6
Hamilton Airport 13.0 12.9 in 1989 32 10.2
Aireys Inlet 15.6 15.4 in 2016 25 13.6
Cerberus 14.3 = 14.3 in 2013 25 12.5
Frankston AWS 16.5 16.4 in 2013 25 14.5
Port Fairy AWS 15.0 14.4 in 2016 25 13.0
Sheoaks 13.3 13.2 in 2016 25 11.1
Mount Moornapa 14.3 = 14.3 in 2013 23 11.9
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 13.7 13.1 in 2013 23 11.0
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 15.9 15.2 in 2016 21 14.0
Mount Nowa Nowa 14.8 14.7 in 2016 21 12.9
Stawell Aerodrome 13.7 = 13.7 in 2016 21 11.4
Eildon Fire Tower 14.5 13.9 in 2016 20 11.6

Highest March mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
March
Cape Otway Lighthouse 15.9 16.0 in 1974 13.2
Echuca Aerodrome 15.3 16.3 in 1974 12.9
Warracknabeal Museum 14.3 14.6 in 1983* 11.9
Wangaratta Aero 13.3 13.8 in 1989 10.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest March mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Kerang 23.8 23.7 in 2016 107 20.3
Maryborough 21.5 = 21.5 in 1974 106 18.3
Ouyen (Post Office) 24.0 23.6 in 2016 80 20.7
East Sale Airport 19.9 = 19.9 in 1974 71 17.5
Mildura Airport 24.6 24.4 in 2016 70 21.1
Walpeup Research 24.2 23.6 in 1940 68 20.6
Mangalore Airport 22.0 21.8 in 1974 58 19.2
Kyabram 22.9 = 22.9 in 2016 51 19.5
Ararat Prison 19.8 19.2 in 1974 47 16.7
Essendon Airport 21.4 21.2 in 2013 47 18.3
Lake Eildon 21.4 21.1 in 2016 47 18.1
Melbourne Airport 21.1 21.0 in 1974 46 18.4
Moorabbin Airport 21.0 = 21.0 in 2013 45 18.4
Bairnsdale Airport 19.8 19.4 in 2016 35 17.6
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 20.4 19.8 in 2016 33 17.8
Hamilton Airport 20.0 19.7 in 2008 32 17.2
Bendigo Airport 22.3 22.1 in 2016 25 18.8
Frankston AWS 21.2 20.9 in 2013 25 18.5
Mortlake Racecourse 19.9 19.8 in 2013 25 16.9
Sheoaks 19.8 19.7 in 2013 25 17.0
Gelantipy 17.6 17.2 in 2016 24 14.9
Mount Moornapa 19.9 = 19.9 in 2013 23 17.0
Redesdale 21.4 21.2 in 2016 23 18.0
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 20.0 18.4 in 2013 23 16.2
Yarrawonga 23.5 = 23.5 in 2016 23 20.3
Coldstream 20.3 19.7 in 2016 22 17.4
Combienbar AWS 18.7 = 18.7 in 2016 22 16.8
Stawell Aerodrome 20.9 20.2 in 2016 21 18.3
Eildon Fire Tower 20.7 19.7 in 2016 20 17.3
Shepparton Airport 22.8 = 22.8 in 2016 20 19.8
Swan Hill Aerodrome 24.1 23.6 in 2016 20 20.6

Highest March mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
March
Ballarat Aerodrome 19.1 19.6 in 1974* 16.1
Scoresby Research Institute 20.9 21.2 in 1974* 18.3
Warracknabeal Museum 22.2 22.5 in 1974* 19.5
Castlemaine Prison 21.0 21.3 in 1974* 17.8
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 20.1 20.3 in 1978* 18.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for March 2017
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
March
2017
Diff
from
average
Highest for
March
2017
Mean for
March
2017
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
March
2017
Total for
March
2017
Average
for
March
Rank of
March
2017
Fraction of
March
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 32.5 +4.1 37.7 2nd 16.7 +2.8 6.4 31st 4.2 19.7 average 21%
Ouyen (Post Office) 31.7 +3.2 37.5 2nd 16.5 +3.5 6.0 31st 25.0 19.7 high 127%
Walpeup Research 32.2 +4.2 38.0 2nd 16.3 +3.1 5.0 31st 5.4 20.8 average 26%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 31.6 +2.9 37.6 2nd 14.8 +2.3 4.2 31st 9.0 14.7 average 61%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 32.2 +3.7 37.8 2nd 15.8 +3.0 6.1 31st 33.8 17.4 high 194%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 30.5   36.9 2nd 14.2   3.7 31st 11.8
Nhill Aerodrome 29.6 +2.3 36.4 2nd 14.0 +2.5 3.4 31st 14.6 15.8 average 92%
Warracknabeal Museum 30.3 +3.2 36.5 2nd 14.3 +2.4 4.2 31st 12.0 20.3 average 59%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 28.0 +2.1 36.0 1st 14.1 +2.7 3.4 31st 57.6 28.0 high 206%
Grampians (Mount William) 20.4 +3.1 28.6 1st 11.2 +2.8 2.2 31st 43.6 55.9 average 78%
Horsham Aerodrome 29.8 +2.9 36.8 2nd 12.4 +2.3 2.5 31st 5.8 13.8 low 42%
Kanagulk 28.5 +2.5 35.8 1st 12.9 +1.9 2.5 31st 35.0 26.9 high 130%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 23.9   30.5 1st 13.5   3.9 31st 35.2 40.2 average 88%
Stawell Aerodrome 28.1 +2.8 34.8 1st 13.7 +2.3 2.8 31st 23.8 20.5 average 116%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 31.3 +3.4 37.3 2nd 14.6 +1.9 3.8 31st 5.8 24.7 v low 23%
Echuca Aerodrome 30.9 +3.6 36.4 27th 15.3 +2.4 6.8 31st 25.9 30.7 average 84%
Kerang 31.6 +3.8 36.5 27th 15.9 +3.1 6.3 31st 16.6 27.1 average 61%
Kyabram 30.5 +3.9 36.3 27th 15.3 +2.9 6.2 31st 35.8 29.4 average 122%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 29.5 +3.5 34.5 2nd 15.0 +3.4 4.8 31st 45.8 30.2 high 152%
Shepparton Airport 30.3 +2.9 34.6 2nd 14.9 +2.6 6.5 31st 41.2 32.6 high 126%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 29.5 +3.2 35.4 27th 14.5 +2.7 5.7 31st 43.0 34.3 high 125%
Yarrawonga 31.3 +3.5 36.4 27th 15.8 +3.1 5.0 31st 37.4 35.4 average 106%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 30.2 +2.7 34.3 19th 14.2 +1.8 5.2 31st 29.2 60.3 low 48%
Corryong Airport 29.3 +1.8 34.6 1st 12.1 +1.4 4.8 31st 54.6 75.8 average 72%
Dartmouth Reservoir 27.7 +1.8 32.9 19th     7.0 30th 37.4 60.4 average 62%
Hunters Hill 24.2 +2.6 29.2 2nd 13.3 +1.8 3.8 31st 69.8 66.8 average 104%
Rutherglen Research 30.8 +3.4 35.7 12th 13.3 +2.4 2.7 31st 4.8 38.9 low 12%
Strathbogie 27.3 +3.4 31.9 19th 11.1 +2.0 3.8 31st 26.2 57.3 average 46%
Wangaratta Aero 30.4 +2.8 34.8 12th 13.3 +2.6 4.0 31st 34.0 40.2 average 85%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 16.2 +2.0 21.3 19th 8.3 +2.1 -2.2 31st 101.6 98.5 average 103%
Mount Buller 16.9 +2.7 21.6 19th 9.0 +2.4 -2.0 31st 40.0 79.0 average 51%
Mount Hotham 15.0 +2.0 20.5 19th 7.6 +1.8 -2.7 31st 122.2 114.0 average 107%
Omeo 25.8 +2.6 32.9 1st 10.4 +1.5 3.7 9th 42.4 53.9 average 79%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 23.5 +1.9 32.5 27th 14.0 +2.0 7.2 31st 104.2 75.9 high 137%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 22.4 +1.4 25.9 13th 17.0 +1.6 12.2 31st 34.8 72.3 low 48%
Gelantipy 23.1 +2.9 30.2 27th 12.1 +2.4 3.4 31st 61.6 62.5 average 99%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 23.4 +0.5 35.6 27th 14.5 +1.0 9.2 9th 48.2 58.4 average 83%
Mallacoota 23.7 +1.3 32.2 27th 16.3 +2.2 11.2 9th 64.0 72.9 average 88%
Mount Nowa Nowa 24.6 +2.0 33.2 12th 14.8 +1.9 7.5 31st 82.0 56.7 v high 145%
Orbost 26.1 +2.2 36.7 27th     9.5 9th 48.8 55.9 average 87%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 23.9 +1.7 35.6 27th 16.3 +1.2 11.5 31st 51.6 67.5 average 76%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 26.3 +2.4 37.6 27th 13.3 +2.1 7.2 31st 35.8 45.3 average 79%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 24.0   36.6 27th 15.1   6.8 31st 39.0
East Sale Airport 26.1 +2.6 37.5 27th 13.6 +2.1 6.6 31st 22.6 48.8 low 46%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 27.5 +3.1 37.8 27th 13.2 +1.9 4.2 31st 36.6 48.3 average 76%
Mount Baw Baw 16.6 +2.7 22.3 14th 8.8 +2.5 -0.7 31st 59.4 99.5 low 60%
Mount Moornapa 25.5 +3.4 36.2 15th 14.3 +2.4 6.9 31st 70.8 58.9 high 120%
Nilma North (Warragul) 27.2   36.3 27th 13.7   6.1 31st 28.6
Pound Creek 25.8   35.4 27th 12.9   5.6 1st 42.4 56.8 average 75%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 20.9 +1.5 33.3 27th 16.5 +2.3 10.5 30th 97.8 69.9 high 140%
Yarram Airport 25.3   36.4 27th 13.1   6.4 31st 45.8 56.8 average 81%
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 27.5 +3.2 34.0 19th 14.6 +2.0 7.3 31st 39.4 43.7 average 90%
Cerberus 25.7 +2.7 33.5 27th 14.3 +1.8 7.5 31st 59.6 45.6 average 131%
Coldstream 28.8 +3.7 33.9 15th 11.9 +2.2 4.3 31st 54.0 47.4 average 114%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 25.6 +2.1 33.0 15th 14.1 +1.7 7.8 31st 65.4 43.7 high 150%
Essendon Airport 27.7 +3.7 34.1 19th 15.1 +2.6 8.3 30th 34.6 39.5 average 88%
Ferny Creek 24.0   29.0 19th 14.2   6.5 31st 75.0
Frankston AWS 25.9 +3.4 32.0 15th 16.5 +2.0 9.5 31st
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 26.9   33.5 19th 16.4   10.1 31st 26.4
Melbourne Airport 27.8 +3.7 34.6 19th 14.4 +1.7 7.6 30th 31.0 36.9 average 84%
Moorabbin Airport 27.0 +3.2 34.1 15th 15.0 +2.1 8.5 31st 29.6 44.1 average 67%
Rhyll 25.1 +2.6 31.4 27th 16.4 +1.8 10.1 30th 54.6 39.5 high 138%
Scoresby Research Institute 27.8 +3.7 33.3 19th 14.0 +1.5 6.5 31st 41.0 53.3 average 77%
Viewbank 28.6 +3.4 34.1 19th 14.4 +1.6 7.1 31st 29.2 41.5 average 70%
Wonthaggi 25.7 +3.0 33.2 27th 14.4 +2.1 9.1 31st 50.4 60.7 average 83%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 26.6 +2.4 34.9 15th 14.8 +2.3 7.7 31st 46.8 27.3 high 171%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 25.8   33.9 15th 14.9   8.1 31st 51.4
Laverton RAAF 26.5 +2.8 33.9 15th 14.6 +2.0 7.3 30th 28.8 34.7 average 83%
Sheoaks 26.3 +3.4 33.7 19th 13.3 +2.2 4.2 31st 53.0 25.1 high 211%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 27.8 +3.1 33.3 1st 14.4 +3.5 3.0 31st 37.5 34.5 average 109%
Eildon Fire Tower 27.0 +3.9 31.6 14th 14.5 +2.9 5.8 31st 28.4 37.9 average 75%
Lake Eildon 29.9 +4.2 34.9 14th 12.9 +2.3 3.6 31st 24.8 52.3 average 47%
Mangalore Airport 29.8 +3.6 34.2 1st 14.2 +2.0 6.0 31st 22.8 35.7 average 64%
Maryborough 28.9 +3.5 34.7 1st 14.1 +2.8 4.9 31st 40.5 30.9 high 131%
Redesdale 29.8 +4.5 35.3 1st 13.0 +2.3 3.9 31st 23.6 33.7 average 70%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 26.2 +4.8 32.0 1st 13.7 +2.7 5.9 30th 27.6 44.7 low 62%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 27.7 +3.8 35.0 1st 12.0 +2.4 2.0 31st 24.0 30.3 average 79%
Ballarat Aerodrome 26.0 +3.8 32.1 1st 12.3 +2.3 1.1 31st 44.4 42.3 average 105%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 23.5 +1.9 33.6 15th 15.6 +2.0 9.3 30th 123.8 38.2 highest 324%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 21.6 +1.4 33.8 15th 15.9 +1.9 11.5 30th 62.4 36.5 highest 171%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 22.2 +1.9 32.6 15th 15.9 +2.7 11.5 30th 56.2 55.5 average 101%
Casterton 26.8 +2.1 35.2 1st 13.3 +2.3 4.0 31st 27.8 34.6 average 80%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 25.6 +2.7 33.4 1st 13.8 +2.1 6.9 30th 34.8 30.0 average 116%
Dartmoor 26.5   36.9 1st 13.5   5.7 17th 50.0
Hamilton Airport 26.9 +2.8 34.5 1st 13.0 +2.8 3.7 31st 50.8 35.3 high 144%
Mortlake Racecourse 27.6 +3.8 35.9 1st 12.2 +2.3 4.5 31st 40.0 32.5 average 123%
Port Fairy AWS 23.0 +1.4 34.3 15th 15.0 +2.0 8.8 31st 71.4 38.5 highest 185%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 23.3 +2.2 33.8 1st 14.2 +2.5 8.3 17th 60.6 47.3 high 128%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 25.5 +2.5 34.8 1st 12.6 +1.8 5.6 31st 80.4 49.7 high 162%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 3 April 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries