Victoria in March 2024

Rainfall

  • Area-averaged rainfall for March was 9.2 mm, which was 78% below the 1961–1990 average, it was the seventh driest March on record and the driest since 1986.
  • March rainfall totals were below to very much below average across much of the state and the lowest on record for parts of the South West, Central, North Central and West & South Gippsland districts.
  • Below average rainfall for the state was attributed to a greater frequency of high pressure systems dominating weather conditions across the state throughout the month resulting in dry and settled conditions.

Temperature

  • Area-averaged, the mean temperature in March was 1.74 °C above the 1961–1990 average, it was the eighth-warmest March on record and the warmest since 2017.
  • Area-averaged, the mean maximum temperature in March was 2.68 °C above the 1961–1990 average, it was the fourth-warmest March on record and the warmest since 2017.
  • Mean maximum temperatures were very much above average across Victoria, with anomalies 2.0 °C above the 1961–1990 average across the state.
  • From the 9th to 11th, Victoria experienced a three day low-to-severe intensity heatwave, due to a slow moving high pressure system in the Tasman Sea directing hot northerly winds into Victoria. Many sites across Victoria had prolonged daytime temperatures 10 °C above average over a three day period.
  • Castlemain Prison and Kanagulk had their highest March temperature on record, Hunters Hill had its highest March mean daily maximum temperature on record and Rutherglen Research and Mount Hotham had their highest March mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years.
  • Area-averaged, the mean minimum temperature in March was 0.80 °C above the 1961–1990 average.
  • Gabo Island Lighthouse had the warmest average March night-time temperature for the state at 16.3 °C, which was 0.8 °C above the long-term March average and Mount Baw Baw had the coldest nights on average at 7.8 °C, which was 1.5 °C above the long-term March average.
  • Several sites had their warmest March night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record on the 10th.

Extremes in March 2024
Hottest day 41.6 °C at Walpeup Research on the 9th
Warmest days on average 31.8 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 15.9 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 6.5 °C at Mount Baw Baw on the 20th
Coldest night -3.1 °C at Mount Hotham on the 21st
Coolest nights on average 7.8 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Warmest nights on average 16.3 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 26.2 °C at Melbourne Airport on the 10th
Warmest on average overall 23.6 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 11.8 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Wettest overall 55.4 mm at Reeves Knob
Wettest day 38.0 mm at Mount Hotham on the 20th
Strongest wind gust 120 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 20th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest March temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Castlemaine Prison 38.5 on the 9th 38.0 on the 7th in 1991 54 24.7
Kanagulk 40.6 on the 9th 40.4 on the 8th in 2016 20 25.9



Record highest March mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Hunters Hill 25.5 24.7 in 2016 30 21.7

Highest March mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
March
Rutherglen Research 31.1 32.6 in 1940* 27.4
Mount Hotham 15.9 17.0 in 2000 13.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest March daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Essendon Airport 26.1 on the 10th 25.3 on the 13th in 2013 55 12.7
Melbourne Airport 26.2 on the 10th 25.4 on the 1st in 2019 54 12.8
Hopetoun Airport 24.2 on the 10th 23.7 on the 7th in 2013 20 12.5



Record lowest March temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Omeo -0.7 on the 21st 0.3 on the 15th in 2021 20 9.0



Record highest March mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
March
Hunters Hill 19.5 = 19.5 in 2016 30 16.6



Summary statistics for March 2024
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
March
2024
Diff
from
average
Highest for
March
2024
Mean for
March
2024
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
March
2024
Total for
March
2024
Average
for
March
Rank of
March
2024
Fraction of
March
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 31.8 +3.3 40.0 9th 15.5 +1.6 6.7 21st 6.6 18.9 average 35%
Ouyen (Post Office) 30.7 +2.2 40.6 9th 14.4 +1.3 8.2 21st 5.2 19.2 average 27%
Walpeup Research 31.3 +3.2 41.6 9th 14.3 +1.1 6.8 21st 14.8 20.5 average 72%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 30.5 +1.8 41.0 9th 13.1 +0.6 5.6 24th 8.8 14.7 average 60%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 31.2 +2.6 39.7 9th 13.8 +0.8 6.2 21st 0.2 16.0 low 1%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 29.6   40.7 9th 12.2   4.8 21st 2.8
Nhill Aerodrome 29.0 +1.8 40.3 9th 12.0 +0.4 4.4 21st 16.4 15.2 average 108%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 27.6 +1.9 40.4 9th 11.8 +0.3 4.0 21st 0 24.2 lowest 0%
Grampians (Mount William) 19.9 +2.6 31.4 9th 9.6 +1.2 2.5 20th 7.0 54.3 v low 13%
Horsham Aerodrome 28.8 +1.9 40.2 9th 10.9 +0.6 3.5 21st 16.0 14.4 average 111%
Kanagulk 27.9 +2.0 40.6 9th 10.8 -0.2 3.1 21st 0 22.7 lowest 0%
Longerenong 28.6 +2.3 40.1 9th 11.7 +0.8 2.8 21st 0 22.2 lowest 0%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 24.1 +3.8 35.3 9th 11.8 +1.6 4.9 20th 2.2 40.0 v low 6%
Stawell Aerodrome 27.5 +2.2 38.7 9th 11.9 +0.3 3.6 21st 2.6 19.5 v low 13%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 30.4 +2.4 39.9 9th 12.8 0.0 5.2 21st 0.6 22.8 v low 3%
Echuca Aerodrome 30.3 +3.0 38.5 9th 13.2 +0.3 5.9 21st 2.8 30.6 low 9%
Kerang 30.4 +2.6 38.8 12th 13.9 +1.0 7.9 21st 0.8 26.8 v low 3%
Kyabram 29.8 +3.1 38.4 9th 13.4 +0.8 5.9 21st 9.8 30.1 low 33%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 29.1 +3.0 38.3 9th 12.1 +0.2 3.1 21st 0 31.3 lowest 0%
Shepparton Airport 29.9 +2.4 37.4 9th 13.2 +0.6 5.7 21st 19.8 33.1 average 60%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 28.8 +2.5 36.9 9th 13.0 +1.0 6.7 29th 10.4 34.3 low 30%
Yarrawonga 31.1 +3.1 38.2 12th 13.6 +0.7 5.7 21st 12.0 35.4 low 34%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 29.8 +2.3 36.6 9th 12.4 -0.2 5.9 25th 10.6 53.2 v low 20%
Corryong Airport 30.3 +2.8 35.2 7th 9.6 -1.3 3.4 21st 24.4 72.4 v low 34%
Hunters Hill 25.5 +3.8 31.3 7th 13.6 +2.0 4.4 21st 26.2 71.2 low 37%
Rutherglen Research 31.1 +3.7 37.0 12th 10.6 -0.4 2.9 21st 17.2 39.2 average 44%
Strathbogie 26.4 +2.4 33.4 9th 9.3 +0.1 2.9 22nd 24.0 56.7 average 42%
Wangaratta Aero 30.1 +2.5 36.1 9th 10.2 -0.7 4.6 21st 16.8 41.5 low 40%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Edi Upper 28.7 +2.1 34.8 10th 11.7 +0.3 3.8 21st 22.0 59.8 low 37%
Falls Creek 16.8 +2.7 23.5 10th 8.2 +2.0 -2.7 21st 40.4 104.8 low 39%
Mount Buller 16.9 +2.7 23.3 10th 8.8 +2.1 -1.9 21st 33.8 82.9 low 41%
Mount Hotham 15.9 +2.8 21.9 10th 7.9 +2.1 -3.1 21st 42.0 116.6 low 36%
Omeo 26.4 +3.2 34.8 10th 8.2 -0.8 -0.7 21st 25.6 54.4 low 47%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 23.7 +2.1 34.7 10th 12.8 +0.8 6.5 21st 23.2 79.4 low 29%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 21.7 +0.7 26.7 12th 16.3 +0.8 10.8 22nd 35.4 72.8 average 49%
Gelantipy 22.7 +2.4 32.3 10th 10.5 +0.7 2.9 21st 19.6 63.4 low 31%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 22.9 +0.3 33.1 10th 13.5 0.0 6.4 22nd 22.2 62.0 low 36%
Mallacoota 23.8 +1.3 32.2 10th 15.1 +0.7 8.7 25th 33.8 73.7 low 46%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 25.7 +1.8 39.0 9th 12.0 +0.6 5.1 22nd 27.8 47.6 low 58%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 23.5 +0.7 37.2 10th 13.1 -0.5 3.5 22nd 10.8 38.9 v low 28%
East Sale 25.8 +2.2 38.3 10th 11.6 0.0 5.8 21st 9.8 48.7 v low 20%
East Sale Airport 26.2   38.9 9th 11.6   5.7 21st 11.0
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 27.0 +2.5 39.3 10th 11.2 -0.2 2.9 21st 13.4 47.4 v low 28%
Mount Baw Baw 16.0 +2.1 25.2 10th 7.8 +1.5 -1.1 21st 33.4 107.2 lowest 31%
Mount Moornapa 23.8 +1.6 36.7 9th 12.6 +0.6 6.5 21st 41.4 64.3 average 64%
Nilma North (Warragul) 25.8 +1.8 37.1 9th 12.0 -0.4 3.8 21st 14.8 50.5 v low 29%
Pound Creek 24.6 +0.9 37.8 9th 11.6 -0.5 2.4 22nd 3.2 52.9 v low 6%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 21.0 +1.6 35.3 10th 15.8 +1.6 11.1 21st 13.6 69.6 v low 20%
Yarram Airport 25.2 +1.5 39.2 9th 10.7 -1.0 3.3 22nd 10.0 53.1 v low 19%
East Central (district 86)
Cerberus 24.5 +1.4 38.6 10th 12.4 -0.3 5.2 22nd 2.6 43.3 lowest 6%
Coldstream 27.1 +1.9 36.9 9th 9.4 -0.5 2.6 22nd 4.0 48.1 lowest 8%
Essendon Airport 26.2 +2.1 38.4 9th 14.2 +1.5 8.8 21st 4.2 39.1 v low 11%
Ferny Creek 22.6 +1.7 33.6 10th 12.9 +0.8 7.5 21st 21.6 81.5 v low 27%
Frankston (Ballam Park) 25.4   37.7 9th 13.6   8.1 22nd 4.0
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 25.1 +1.0 37.6 9th 14.9 +0.1 9.4 21st 2.8 33.9 v low 8%
Melbourne Airport 26.3 +2.1 38.5 9th 13.2 +0.4 7.3 21st 2.0 37.1 lowest 5%
Moorabbin Airport 25.2 +1.4 38.1 9th 13.5 +0.4 8.0 22nd 6.4 43.7 v low 15%
Rhyll 24.5 +1.9 34.1 10th 15.5 +0.7 11.1 22nd 5.8 38.9 lowest 15%
Scoresby Research Institute 26.4 +2.2 37.1 9th 13.1 +0.6 7.8 22nd 10.2 52.9 v low 19%
Viewbank 27.4 +2.1 38.3 9th 12.8 -0.1 6.3 22nd 3.6 42.6 lowest 8%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 25.7 +1.5 40.3 9th 12.5 -0.2 7.3 24th 2.2 26.6 v low 8%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 25.3 +1.2 39.8 9th 13.0 -0.5 7.6 22nd 3.8 24.3 v low 16%
Laverton RAAF 25.8 +2.1 39.6 9th 13.5 +0.8 7.9 22nd 4.0 34.2 lowest 12%
Point Cook RAAF 24.9   39.7 9th 13.4   8.2 22nd 8.4
She Oaks 25.2 +2.1 38.5 9th 11.0 -0.2 3.7 21st 3.2 25.5 v low 13%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 27.0 +2.3 38.5 9th 11.9 +0.9 2.0 21st 2.4 35.2 lowest 7%
Eildon Fire Tower 25.4 +2.2 33.1 9th 12.7 +1.0 6.0 24th 10.2 40.4 v low 25%
Lake Eildon 28.0 +2.2 35.6 9th 10.8 +0.1 4.8 21st 16.4 51.9 low 32%
Mangalore Airport 28.8 +2.6 37.4 9th 12.6 +0.3 6.2 22nd 8.8 35.8 low 25%
Maryborough 28.1 +2.7 38.3 9th 12.0 +0.7 5.5 21st 0.2 31.0 v low 1%
Puckapunyal Lyon Hill (Defence) 28.0   36.9 9th 13.8   6.5 21st 8.8
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 27.1   36.7 9th 13.0   6.8 21st 4.4
Redesdale 29.0 +3.4 37.0 9th 11.4 +0.6 2.2 21st 0.6 33.9 v low 2%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 24.0 +2.4 33.9 9th 12.0 +0.9 6.2 21st 1.8 46.4 lowest 4%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 27.3 +3.3 38.3 9th 9.1 -0.6 0.2 21st 2.9 29.7 lowest 10%
Ballarat Aerodrome 25.5 +3.2 36.9 9th 10.7 +0.7 2.5 21st 0.8 41.6 lowest 2%
Westmere 26.1 +1.3 39.0 9th 9.2 -1.0 0.6 21st 0.4 22.5 v low 2%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 23.6 +1.9 39.6 9th 14.1 +0.4 9.8 24th 2.4 36.4 lowest 7%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 21.2 +0.9 39.2 9th 14.4 +0.4 7.6 21st 7.6 34.7 lowest 22%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 21.6 +1.3 37.2 11th 14.7 +1.4 8.5 21st 8.4 55.4 v low 15%
Casterton 26.3 +1.8 39.8 9th 11.0 0.0 1.7 21st 1.8 31.2 lowest 6%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 25.0 +2.0 38.6 9th 12.5 +0.6 8.0 21st 4.0 29.4 v low 14%
Dartmoor 26.1 +2.4 41.0 9th 10.8 -0.4 2.6 21st 4.0 35.0 v low 11%
Hamilton Airport 26.2 +2.1 39.3 9th 10.9 +0.5 3.3 21st 0.8 32.7 lowest 2%
Mortlake Racecourse 25.8 +1.8 39.8 9th 9.9 -0.2 2.6 22nd 3.6 31.5 lowest 11%
Port Fairy AWS 23.0 +1.5 41.0 9th 13.5 +0.4 6.6 22nd 4.8 36.6 v low 13%
Portland Airport 23.0 +1.9 40.0 9th 11.6 -0.2 3.7 22nd 8.2 45.8 v low 18%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 24.8 +1.8 40.7 9th 11.3 +0.3 2.5 21st 10.0 45.2 lowest 22%

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, usually published in the first week of the following month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 4 pm on Monday 1 April 2024. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Information about Australian Indigenous seasonal calendars is available at the Indigenous Weather Knowledge website.


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Climate