Victoria in July 2014: A cold and blustery end to the month

A strong cold front moved across the state in the afternoon of the 31st creating strong and potentially destructive winds. The alpine region saw gale force winds with blizzard like conditions, and Melbourne again experienced flooding along the Yarra River. Across the state rainfall totals were mostly average to below average with a very much below average pocket to the east of the state. Day and night temperatures continue to be above to very much above average with several centres showing their highest mean July minmum temperatures on record..

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in July 2014
Hottest day 23.7 C at Mildura Airport on the 31st
Warmest days on average 16.5 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average -0.8 C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day -4.2 C at Mount Hotham on the 18th
Coldest night -6.3 C at Falls Creek on the 13th
-6.3 C at Mount Hotham on the 13th
-6.3 C at Mount Hotham on the 20th
Coolest nights on average -3.4 C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 10.1 C at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse
Warmest night 14.1 C at Yarram Airport on the 31st
Warmest on average overall 12.8 C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Coolest on average overall -2.1 C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 409.6 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
Driest overall 0.4 mm at Cheetham Salt Works (Moolap)
Wettest day 102.2 mm at Point Hicks (Lighthouse) on the 7th
Highest wind gust 141 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on the 18th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest July daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in July 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for July
Years of
record
Ventnor (Oaklands) 63.6 on the 5th 53.3 on the 13th in 1963 97
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 102.2 on the 7th 66.2 on the 11th in 1991 53
Rhyll 44.6 on the 6th 36.0 on the 30th in 1996 21



Record lowest total July rainfall
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Previous driest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Pira Wild Horse Plains 1.2 1.5 in 1924 115 30.5
Oakleigh (Metropolitan Golf Club) 6.8 13.9 in 1928 100 61.1
Glenthompson 22.4 28.6 in 1982 48 61.8

Lowest total July rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Most recent July
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
July
Lindenow 7.0 5.9 in 1972* 40 47.8
Durdidwarrah 19.0 17.6 in 1994 20 53.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest July temperature
Highest temperature
in July 2014 (C)
Previous warmest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Gabo Island Lighthouse 23.3 on the 31st 20.9 on the 22nd in 2009 57 14.1
Wangaratta Aero 19.0 on the 31st = 19.0 on the 25th in 1989 27 12.9
Mallacoota 23.2 on the 31st 21.9 on the 29th in 2013 21 14.8
Redesdale 17.0 on the 31st 16.9 on the 13th in 2002 21 11.9



Highest July mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for July 2014 (C)
Most recent July
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
July
Gabo Island Lighthouse 15.9 15.8 in 2013* 86 14.1
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 13.5 14.9 in 1975* 38 12.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest July daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in July 2014 (C)
Previous warmest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
East Sale Airport 13.0 on the 31st 11.9 on the 26th in 2005 68 3.2
Scoresby Research Institute 13.4 on the 31st 12.9 on the 28th in 2002 47 5.8
Essendon Airport 12.6 on the 31st 11.8 on the 1st in 1966 44 5.2
Lake Eildon 12.1 on the 31st 11.2 on the 30th in 1975 44 3.5
Dartmouth Reservoir 11.0 on the 31st 9.3 on the 6th in 1998 35 2.2
Hamilton Airport 10.8 on the 30th 10.6 on the 8th in 1988 31 4.3
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 13.1 on the 31st 12.6 on the 7th in 1988 30 3.7
Phillip Island Penguin Reserve 13.7 on the 31st 12.6 on the 5th in 1994 27 6.8
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 13.5 on the 31st = 13.5 on the 19th in 2013 25 6.2
Cerberus 13.2 on the 31st 12.1 on the 21st in 2009 22 6.2
Mortlake Racecourse 12.3 on the 31st 11.3 on the 19th in 2013 22 4.5
Gelantipy 10.9 on the 31st 9.3 on the 19th in 2013 21 2.1
Combienbar AWS 11.4 on the 30th 11.0 on the 19th in 2013 20 4.8
Mount Moornapa 12.3 on the 31st 10.7 on the 26th in 2007 20 5.2
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 8.3 on the 31st 8.2 on the 11th in 1999 20

4.0

 




Record highest July mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for July 2014 (C)
Previous warmest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Melbourne Regional Office 8.4 = 8.4 in 2005 158 6.0
Laverton RAAF 6.9 = 6.9 in 1975 69 5.0
Wonthaggi 8.1 7.8 in 2005 45 6.1
Essendon Airport 7.0 6.7 in 2005 43 5.2
Moorabbin Airport 7.8 7.7 in 1975 40 6.1
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 7.1 7.0 in 1990 31 5.5
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 8.0 = 8.0 in 2005 24 6.2
Cerberus 7.8 7.1 in 2005 21 6.2
Gelantipy 3.3 2.9 in 2009 20 2.1

Highest July mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for July 2014 (C)
Most recent July
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
July
Scoresby Research Institute 7.3 7.5 in 1988* 23 5.8
Bairnsdale Airport 5.3 5.6 in 1991* 22 3.9
Lake Eildon 4.7 5.0 in 1993* 20 3.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest July mean temperature
Mean daily
temperature
for July 2014 (C)
Previous warmest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
East Sale Airport 9.9 = 9.9 in 1991 67 8.5
Wonthaggi 11.1 11.0 in 2005 45 9.8

Highest July mean temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily
temperature
for July 2014 (C)
Most recent July
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
July
Gabo Island Lighthouse 12.8 12.9 in 1921* 92 11.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for July 2014
Maximum temperatures
for July
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for July
(C)
Rainfall
for July
(millimetres)
Mean for
July
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
July
2014
Mean for
July
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
July
2014
Total for
July
2014
Average
for
July
Rank of
July
2014
Fraction of
July
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 16.5 +1.1 23.7 31st 4.0 -0.3 -1.2 13th 12.6 25.8 low 49%
Ouyen (Post Office) 15.5 +0.4 22.2 31st 4.1 -0.2 -1.0 23rd 16.8 30.6 low 55%
Walpeup Research 15.2 +0.6 21.4 31st 4.9 +0.1 0.3 22nd 18.8 32.5 low 58%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 15.0   20.9 31st 2.5   -4.7 13th 17.2 26.3 low 65%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 14.8 +0.2 21.2 31st 3.1 -0.5 -1.4 23rd 21.6 27.9 average 77%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 13.4 -0.6 16.8 28th 4.2 -0.2 -1.0 22nd 27.8 34.9 low 80%
Warracknabeal Museum 14.0 0.0 18.5 31st 3.8 0.0 -2.0 23rd 32.5 40.5 average 80%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 13.0   16.0 28th 5.1   0.5 22nd 56.2 63.0 average 89%
Grampians (Mount William) 4.9   9.2 22nd 1.3   -2.6 18th 230.2
Horsham Aerodrome 13.5 -0.1 17.2 28th 2.9 -0.3 -2.2 23rd 35.8 42.3 average 85%
Kanagulk 12.8   16.7 28th 4.3   -1.6 22nd 53.4 61.2 low 87%
Longerenong 13.3 +0.1 16.8 28th 3.1 -0.3 -2.0 23rd 40.2 43.0 average 93%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 6.8   10.5 22nd 2.6   -0.8 18th 89.4
Stawell Aerodrome 12.0 -0.5 15.4 28th 3.9 -0.2 -1.4 22nd 35.0 56.0 low 63%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 14.1   19.2 31st 2.7   -3.6 22nd 23.6 37.2 v low 63%
Echuca Aerodrome 13.8 +0.3 20.1 31st 3.8 0.0 -1.5 22nd 23.2 41.0 low 57%
Kerang 14.8 +0.7 21.2 31st 3.5 -0.5 -1.9 23rd 23.0 35.3 low 65%
Kyabram 13.5 +0.4 19.6 31st 3.3 +0.3 -1.6 22nd 20.8 43.2 low 48%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 12.5 0.0 18.1 31st 2.9 +0.4 -2.8 22nd 44.4 54.2 average 82%
Shepparton Airport 13.0 -0.3 19.5 31st 3.6 +0.4 -2.3 23rd 26.6 41.3 low 64%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 12.9 -0.1 19.0 31st 3.1 +0.2 -3.0 22nd 24.2 47.9 low 51%
Yarrawonga 13.4 -0.1 20.1 31st 3.3 -0.1 -2.6 22nd 22.2 45.8 low 48%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 12.7   19.2 31st 3.4   -2.6 22nd 48.9
Corryong Airport 11.9   18.2 31st 1.5   -4.5 23rd 77.4
Dartmouth Reservoir 12.0 +0.3 17.7 31st 3.1 +0.9 -2.6 22nd 82.1 113.0 average 73%
Hunters Hill 7.5 +0.2 12.3 25th 2.2 +0.3 -1.4 18th 163.4 154.9 average 105%
Rutherglen Research 12.8 +0.4 19.2 31st 2.1 +0.1 -4.2 22nd 34.4 61.8 low 56%
Strathbogie 10.0 -0.2 15.1 31st 2.6 +1.0 -3.6 23rd 122.0 122.9 average 99%
Wangaratta Aero 12.5 -0.4 19.0 31st 3.1 +0.7 -3.1 20th 35.6 65.2 low 55%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 1.3 +0.1 7.4 23rd -2.4 +0.5 -6.3 13th 128.0 86.3 v high 148%
Mount Buller 0.9 -0.5 4.9 23rd -2.2 +0.5 -5.5 20th 282.0 165.9 high 170%
Mount Hotham -0.8 -0.7 2.7 31st -3.4 +0.3 -6.3 13th 137.8 139.7 average 99%
Omeo 10.7   14.8 31st 1.8   -4.7 14th 21.4 48.5 low 44%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 11.7 +0.6 16.8 30th 5.8 +1.0 1.3 18th 34.6 72.1 low 48%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 15.9 +1.8 23.3 31st 9.7 +1.5 6.6 18th 46.0 85.3 low 54%
Gelantipy 10.0 +0.5 14.9 30th 3.3 +1.2 -0.7 22nd 23.2 55.1 low 42%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 16.2   22.2 31st 6.8   2.6 23rd 36.5
Mallacoota 15.7 +0.9 23.2 31st 6.7 +0.5 0.9 18th 73.8 79.1 average 93%
Mount Nowa Nowa 13.4 +0.5 18.8 30th 6.9 +1.0 3.5 18th 28.8 58.6 average 49%
Orbost 15.8 +0.9 21.4 31st 6.5 +1.0 2.0 23rd 31.8 58.4 low 54%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 15.3 +1.2 22.6 31st 9.0 +0.8 5.5 18th 172.6 98.1 high 176%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 15.3 +0.8 21.1 30th 5.3 +1.4 -0.7 24th 20.6 47.2 low 44%
East Sale Airport 14.8 +1.0 19.8 31st 5.0 +1.8 -1.6 4th 25.6 40.6 average 63%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 14.3 +0.7 19.3 31st 5.1 +1.4 -0.4 4th 63.4 63.6 average 100%
Mount Baw Baw 2.4 +0.3 8.1 23rd -1.1 +0.5 -4.6 18th 207.4 150.5 high 138%
Mount Moornapa 13.1 +1.2 18.8 30th 6.1 +0.9 2.6 18th 25.8 55.5 low 46%
Pound Creek 14.3   18.0 31st 7.0   -0.3 22nd 105.6
Willow Grove (Blue Rock Reservoir) 13.1 0.0 17.5 28th 5.1 +0.4 1.0 23rd 52.9 62.2 average 85%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 13.5 +1.3 17.3 31st 10.1 +1.7 6.2 18th 109.8 122.0 average 90%
Yarram Airport 14.8   18.9 31st 6.4   -0.8 23rd 44.4
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 13.8 +0.5 19.0 31st 7.1 +1.6 2.7 21st 25.6 48.9 low 52%
Cerberus 13.6 0.0 17.7 31st 7.8 +1.6 1.6 22nd 85.2 73.2 average 116%
Coldstream 13.3 +0.1 18.4 31st 5.6 +1.9 -0.1 24th 73.2 62.7 average 117%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 13.4 0.0 18.5 31st 8.0 +1.8 2.9 22nd 113.1 70.2 high 161%
Essendon Airport 13.9 +0.9 18.8 31st 7.0 +1.8 2.3 23rd 21.2 43.3 low 49%
Ferny Creek 9.7   14.2 31st 5.5   1.8 18th 149.2
Frankston AWS 12.7 -0.1 16.5 31st 8.6 +0.7 3.1 22nd
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 14.5   19.7 31st 8.4   4.1 23rd 20.2
Melbourne Airport 13.5 +0.4 18.6 31st 6.4 +1.0 -0.4 23rd 20.8 35.1 low 59%
Melbourne Regional Office 14.7 +1.2 19.9 31st 8.4 +2.4 4.5 23rd 19.2 47.5 v low 40%
Moorabbin Airport 14.1 +0.5 19.6 31st 7.8 +1.7 2.4 22nd 38.2 61.4 low 62%
Rhyll 13.5 +0.3 16.5 31st 8.8 +0.7 4.4 22nd 117.0 67.7 v high 173%
Scoresby Research Institute 13.7 +0.7 18.4 31st 7.3 +1.5 1.3 22nd 55.4 73.3 low 76%
Viewbank 13.9 0.0 18.8 31st 7.3 +1.5 2.9 21st 28.4 49.0 v low 58%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 9.2 +0.2 14.1 31st 4.3 +0.3 1.1 10th 53.0 61.8 average 86%
Wonthaggi 14.1 +0.6 18.0 31st 8.1 +2.0 2.5 22nd 105.2 98.9 average 106%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 14.2 +0.2 19.1 28th 6.2 +1.2 0.0 22nd 19.8 37.6 low 53%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 14.0   18.4 28th 7.2   0.9 22nd 29.2
Laverton RAAF 14.1 +0.4 19.2 30th 6.9 +1.9 2.1 22nd 17.6 38.5 low 46%
Sheoaks 12.1 -0.1 15.9 31st 5.8 +0.8 -0.2 23rd 34.6 39.1 average 88%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 11.6 -0.1 16.7 31st 3.3 +0.5 -2.5 13th 58.9 61.2 average 96%
Eildon Fire Tower 8.8 -0.3 13.8 31st 3.9 +0.1 -0.4 18th 67.8 68.9 average 98%
Lake Eildon 12.2 +0.3 17.5 31st 4.7 +1.2 -0.7 20th 105.6 94.0 average 112%
Mangalore Airport 12.3 -0.2 18.1 31st 3.5 +0.4 -1.9 13th 42.0 58.1 average 72%
Maryborough 12.4 +0.2 16.9 31st 3.4 0.0 -1.4 22nd 53.6 53.9 average 99%
Redesdale 12.0 +0.1 17.0 31st 2.8 -0.2 -2.9 13th 55.8 65.7 average 85%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 11.8 +0.1 15.6 28th 3.2 -0.1 -4.0 23rd 74.8 63.1 high 119%
Ballarat Aerodrome 10.2 +0.2 14.7 31st 3.0 -0.2 -3.3 23rd 58.4 66.4 average 88%
Westmere 12.1   15.6 28th 4.3   -3.5 23rd 35.6
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 13.4 +0.1 16.0 28th 7.4 +0.1 3.7 23rd 52.4 67.1 low 78%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 13.6 -0.2 16.9 27th 8.6 +0.2 4.8 21st 101.6 97.2 average 105%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 13.5 +0.5 16.2 8th 8.7 +1.2 3.4 22nd 103.4 105.7 average 98%
Casterton 12.8   16.0 28th 4.9   -0.1 23rd 78.6 79.8 average 98%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 11.4 -0.2 15.0 28th 5.4 +0.1 2.3 23rd 56.6 56.7 average 100%
Dartmoor 13.5   16.6 28th 5.3   -1.3 22nd 86.2
Hamilton Airport 12.1 0.0 15.5 28th 4.5 +0.2 -1.6 22nd 73.8 69.1 average 107%
Mortlake Racecourse 13.1 +0.2 16.1 28th 5.0 +0.5 -2.6 23rd 59.2 62.4 average 95%
Port Fairy AWS 14.2 0.0 17.3 28th 7.1 +0.1 1.4 22nd 84.4 92.1 average 92%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 13.1 0.0 16.0 28th 7.0 +0.8 2.3 23rd 91.0 110.3 low 83%
Portland NTC AWS 13.7   16.6 28th 8.4   2.8 23rd
Warrnambool Airport NDB 13.4 -0.1 16.3 30th 5.6 +0.1 -0.6 23rd 88.2 82.4 average 107%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Friday 1 August 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries