Queensland in spring 2016: Wet in the west; dry and warm in the north

Spring rainfall was well above average in western Queensland, above average through central and southern parts, but below average in the north and along parts of the Great Dividing Range.  Daytime temperatures were very warm in the far north and along the east coast, but cooler than usual in central and western districts. Overnight temperatures were well above average in the east and the northern half of Queensland.

Wet spring overall in the west

  • Overall, spring was very wet in western and central districts
  • Spring rainfall was near-average in the northern interior and east coast tending well below average in the far north
  • Queensland had its third-wettest September on record in 2016, followed by near-average rainfall during October and November
  • Overall, rainfall for spring was above average for Queensland, and the highest since 2011

Cooler spring days in the west; warm in the north

  • Cool days in the west and central west as a result of persistent cloud and rain during the start of spring
  • Very warm spring days were reported across the Cape York Peninsula and along parts of the east coast
  • Some locations in far northern Queensland had their highest spring mean daily maximum temperature on record

Warm nights in the north; cool nights in the south and far west

  • Overall, nights were warmer in the north but cool in the west
  • Warm nights across the State during September, cool nights in the south during October, warm in the east and north in November
  • Some warm nights at the end of the season, with some locations recording their warmest spring night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record

Severe thunderstorms in late spring

  • Severe thunderstorms formed over the southeast on 13 November, and a particularly severe cell tracked across Brisbane city in the afternoon. Damaging wind gusts of 157 km/h were recorded at the Brisbane Airport
  • A line of severe thunderstorms formed over the Granite Belt and Darling Downs on 27 November.  Large amounts of small hail fell in Killarney, Boonah and surrounds

Flooding

  • During early September, flooding continued following heavy rain during August in the Diamantina, Bulloo and Warrego catchments
  • Widespread falls across western and southern Queensland in September contributed to renewed river-level rises across catchments already in flood, including some southern and western rivers

Further information

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Extremes in spring 2016
Hottest day 43.8 °C at Urandangi Aerodrome on 30 Oct
Warmest days on average 37.0 °C at Kowanyama Airport
Coolest days on average 21.4 °C at Applethorpe
Coldest day 12.3 °C at Applethorpe on 3 Sep
Coldest night 0.6 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade on 18 Oct
Coolest nights on average 7.9 °C at Stanthorpe Leslie Parade
Warmest nights on average 25.7 °C at Coconut Island and at Horn Island
Warmest night 30.1 °C at Lake Julius AWS on 6 Nov and at Cloncurry Airport on 26 Nov
Warmest on average overall 30.5 °C at Kowanyama Airport
Coolest on average overall 14.8 °C at Applethorpe
Wettest overall 316.8 mm at Whyanbeel Valley
Wettest day 144.0 mm at River Heads on 8 Sep
Strongest wind gust 157 km/h at Brisbane Aero on 13 Nov

Maps

Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest spring daily rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Silverwood Dam 127.8 on 24 Sep 81.8 on 4 Nov 1997 43
Childers South 105.8 on 27 Nov 92.6 on 21 Nov 2008 38
Warida 80.0 on 1 Sep 70.0 on 23 Oct 1978 35
Rocky 59.0 on 2 Sep 49.0 on 11 Nov 2000 20



Record lowest spring total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Carmila Beach Road 10.6 20.8 in 1982 53 195.9
Gairloch 61.4 63.2 in 2012 22 247.5

Lowest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years

Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Palmwoods 89.0 86.0 in 1982* 283.5
Mundubbera 66.4 63.0 in 1988* 167.4
Montville "Clovelly" 99.9 67.0 in 1988* 305.7
Lindfield 79.0 76.4 in 1994 193.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest spring temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Bundaberg Aero 37.1 on 24 Nov 36.3 on 17 Nov 2014 39 27.0
Thangool Airport 40.4 on 10 Nov 39.8 on 30 Nov 1996 25 30.1
Gladstone Airport 36.7 on 24 Nov = 36.7 on 1 Nov 2003 24 27.4



Record highest spring mean daily maximum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Ayr DPI Research Stn 31.0 = 31.0 in 1962 57 29.7
Kowanyama Airport 37.0 36.9 in 2008 46 35.7
Weipa Aero 36.3 36.0 in 2003 23 35.2



Record highest spring daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Lockhart River Airport 27.6 on 16 Nov = 27.6 on 26 Nov 1995 52 21.8
Cloncurry Airport 30.1 on 26 Nov 30.0 on 21 Nov 2014 24 20.0
Yeppoon The Esplanade 26.1 on 12 Nov 25.6 on 17 Nov 2004 23 18.7



Record highest spring mean daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Charters Towers Airport 19.3 = 19.3 in 1998 23 17.9



Lowest spring mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Bollon Mary St 12.6 12.3 in 1984 13.5
Longreach Aero 15.5 15.4 in 1985 16.5



Record highest spring mean temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Townsville Aero 26.3 26.2 in 1971 75 24.8
Ayr DPI Research Stn 25.3 25.2 in 2001 57 23.8
Kowanyama Airport 30.5 29.8 in 1998 43 28.7
Charters Towers Airport 26.0 25.9 in 2013 23 25.1
Weipa Aero 29.7 29.4 in 2008 23 28.4



Lowest spring mean temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Longreach Aero 23.2 22.5 in 1978 25.0
Camooweal Township 26.3 25.4 in 1978* 27.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for spring 2016

Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2016
Mean for
spring
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2016
Total for
spring
2016
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2016
Fraction of
spring
average
North Peninsula (district 27)
Coconut Island 34.0 +2.1 35.6 21 Nov 25.7 +1.0 23.9 13 Oct 11.6 76.6 low 15%
Coen Airport 34.4 +1.2 39.2 11 Nov 21.2 +0.7 15.6 11 Oct 1.2 44.2 v low 3%
Horn Island 31.7 +0.7 33.3 16 Nov 25.7 +1.0 21.2 1 Oct 7.6 63.3 low 12%
Scherger RAAF 36.3 +0.9 39.2 10 Nov 22.8 +1.2 19.0 2 Sep 16.6 126.5 v low 13%
Weipa Aero 36.3 +1.1 38.9 10 Nov 23.0 +1.4 19.2 2 Sep 32.4 126.8 low 26%
South Peninsula (district 28)
Lockhart River Airport     34.3 13 Nov 23.1 +1.3 17.4 12 Oct 11.6 104.9 v low 11%
Palmerville 36.1 +1.0 40.2 25 Nov 20.2 +1.1 15.0 11 Oct 116.2 90.0 high 129%
Lower Carpentaria (district 29)
Burketown Airport 35.3 +0.1 41.4 2 Nov 21.6 +0.2 14.8 24 Sep 82.2 48.4 high 170%
Century Mine 36.7 -0.8 42.8 11 Nov 21.0 +0.3 13.9 1 Oct 111.6 61.1 high 183%
Cloncurry Airport 34.5 -1.3 43.0 11 Nov 20.1 +0.1 8.9 30 Sep 49.4 60.6 average 82%
Julia Creek Airport 35.7 -1.1 43.1 11 Nov 17.4 -0.8 6.5 1 Oct 50.6 40.0 average 127%
Kowanyama Airport 37.0 +1.3 40.2 26 Sep 23.9 +2.3 17.6 1 Sep 11.0 75.1 low 15%
Lake Julius AWS 34.8   42.4 11 Nov 21.5   13.3 23 Sep 61.2


Mornington Island Airport 32.3   36.4 26 Sep 24.6   18.5 24 Sep 61.2


Mount Isa Aero 33.3 -0.9 41.4 30 Nov 17.5 -0.5 7.0 4 Oct 154.4 64.5 v high 239%
Normanton Airport 36.3 +0.2 40.6 2 Nov 24.0 +1.1 17.8 24 Sep 34.4 57.0 average 60%
Sweers Island 31.8 +0.2 36.5 12 Nov 24.8 +0.3 17.6 24 Sep 50.3 81.6 average 62%
Upper Carpentaria (district 30)
Georgetown Airport 36.1 +0.8 40.2 25 Nov 21.7 +1.7 12.8 1 Oct 47.8 82.6 average 58%
Hughenden Airport 34.1 -0.6 40.7 25 Nov 19.1 +0.5 7.2 1 Oct 84.4 70.2 average 120%
Richmond Airport 35.2 -0.7 42.5 11 Nov 18.2 -0.2 6.5 1 Oct 55.4 61.5 average 90%
Richmond Post Office 34.8 -0.4 41.6 11 Nov 19.2 +1.5 9.3 1 Oct 64.3 53.1 average 121%
Barron North Coast (district 31)
Cairns Aero 30.3 +0.9 35.1 15 Nov 21.7 +1.2 17.1 11 Oct 137.6 172.6 average 80%
Cairns Racecourse 30.5   34.6 14 Nov 20.6   15.7 10 Oct 122.8


Cape Flattery 31.0 +0.7 33.6 14 Nov 23.9 +0.8 18.7 12 Oct 9.6 53.2 low 18%
Cooktown Airport 31.2 +1.0 36.2 13 Nov 23.0 +0.6 17.0 12 Oct 29.0 91.5 low 32%
Low Isles Lighthouse 30.8 +0.6 35.6 11 Nov 24.1 +0.9 21.5 8 Sep 153.0 170.2 average 90%
Mareeba Airport 31.0 +0.7 37.7 13 Nov 18.3 +1.0 13.7 9 Oct 49.2 63.8 average 77%
Herbert North Coast (district 32)
Cardwell Marine Pde 29.1 0.0 33.0 13 Nov 21.5 +2.7 16.5 11 Oct 162.6 208.8 average 78%
Innisfail 28.9 +0.6 33.1 13 Nov 21.1 +2.2 17.5 11 Oct 230.3 331.2 average 70%
Innisfail Aerodrome 29.8   35.9 13 Nov 19.4   14.8 11 Oct 273.6


Lucinda Point 27.5 +0.4 31.8 14 Nov 23.6 +1.0 20.7 10 Oct 40.4 130.8 low 31%
South Johnstone Exp Stn 29.5 +0.6 34.8 13 Nov 20.4 +1.7 15.8 11 Oct 223.4 328.2 average 68%
Townsville Aero 30.6 +1.3 34.7 11 Nov 22.0 +1.7 15.9 8 Sep 36.0 92.8 average 39%
East Central Coast (district 33)
Alva Beach 28.6 +0.2 33.2 14 Nov 22.3 +0.9 16.4 15 Nov 83.6 105.0 average 80%
Ayr DPI Research Stn 31.0 +1.3 36.4 26 Sep 19.6 +1.7 14.9 8 Sep 72.0 81.3 average 89%
Bowen Airport AWS 30.0   34.3 14 Nov 20.3   15.0 25 Oct 96.6


Collinsville Post Office 32.7 +0.9 40.2 11 Nov 18.5 +1.6 11.1 25 Oct 51.4 82.9 average 62%
Hamilton Island Airport 27.4 +0.4 30.9 14 Nov 22.3 +0.6 18.0 24 Oct 188.8 146.2 high 129%
Mackay Aero 29.0 +1.1 35.5 13 Nov 18.8 +1.0 11.3 5 Sep 167.8 142.2 high 118%
Mackay M.O 28.1 +0.7 33.7 13 Nov 19.9 +0.5 13.9 5 Sep



Ooralea Racecourse (Mackay Turf Club) 28.3   35.0 13 Nov 18.3   11.4 5 Sep 184.6


Proserpine Airport 30.5 +0.4 37.6 12 Nov 18.1 +0.9 11.3 15 Nov 100.0 124.8 average 80%
Samuel Hill Aero 28.2 +0.3 37.0 11 Nov 16.5 +1.6 9.2 5 Oct 177.6 160.8 average 110%
St Lawrence 29.6 +0.8 37.8 12 Nov 18.0 +0.5 8.7 1 Oct 76.2 106.9 low 71%
Williamson 29.2 +0.5 37.4 13 Nov 17.6 +0.6 9.6 5 Sep 84.4 100.6 average 84%
Woolshed 28.1 +1.0 33.2 24 Nov 18.3 +1.0 13.9 6 Sep 56.0 98.8 low 57%
West Central Coast (district 34)
Charters Towers Airport 32.7 +0.4 39.6 11 Nov 19.3 +1.4 14.0 8 Sep 78.0 91.1 average 86%
Moranbah Airport 32.0   39.4 11 Nov 16.1   6.1 1 Oct 61.8


Central Highlands (district 35)
Blackwater Airport 31.0   40.3 10 Nov 16.2   7.2 1 Oct 102.2


Clermont Airport 31.1   38.5 11 Nov 15.5   3.5 1 Oct 73.0


Emerald Airport 31.0 -0.4 39.9 11 Nov 16.8 +0.2 8.4 1 Oct 67.8 121.7 average 56%
Rolleston Airport 29.7   39.5 10 Nov 14.5   5.5 24 Oct 90.0


Springsure Comet St 29.0 -1.3 37.9 10 Nov 15.0 +0.2 4.9 24 Oct 124.8 140.5 average 89%
Tambo Post Office 28.8 -1.8 38.0 7 Nov 13.1 -0.2 3.8 30 Sep 215.6 103.1 v high 209%
Taroom Post Office 29.7 +0.1 40.2 10 Nov 14.4 +0.2 5.7 24 Oct 138.9 160.0 average 87%
Central Lowlands (district 36)
Barcaldine Post Office 30.3 -1.5 39.1 10 Nov 17.3 +0.2 7.0 30 Sep 196.4 85.7 v high 229%
Blackall Airport 29.8 -2.8 40.3 9 Nov 14.9 -1.5 5.2 30 Sep 151.0 101.1 high 149%
Isisford Post Office 31.0 -1.8 40.8 9 Nov 15.5 -0.8 5.2 30 Sep 126.4 77.7 high 163%
Longreach Aero 30.9 -2.6 41.2 9 Nov 15.5 -1.0 5.2 30 Sep 134.4 64.5 high 208%
Upper Western (district 37)
Camooweal Township 34.2 -1.1 42.3 30 Oct 18.5 -0.5 10.2 24 Oct 135.2 49.8 v high 271%
Carters Bore 32.4   41.1 9 Nov 19.9   10.9 23 Sep 80.6


New May Downs 32.8   40.6 30 Nov 19.3   10.3 23 Sep 148.0


The Monument Airport 31.8 -3.0 41.1 9 Nov 16.5 -1.5 7.0 30 Sep 138.8 53.7 high 258%
Trepell Airport 32.0 -3.2 41.4 11 Nov 17.3 -1.1 7.3 30 Sep 80.2 45.9 high 175%
Urandangi Aerodrome 32.9   43.8 30 Oct 15.9   6.2 24 Oct 112.6


Lower Western (district 38)
Birdsville Airport 30.4 -2.9 42.1 30 Nov 15.8 -1.6 6.5 16 Sep 77.6 29.8 v high 260%
Boulia Airport 31.5 -2.3 42.0 8 Nov     9.2 30 Sep 98.7 43.2 high 228%
Windorah Airport 29.9   39.9 30 Nov 15.7   8.0 1 Oct 90.4


Port Curtis South Coast (district 39)
Bundaberg Aero 28.1 +1.1 37.1 24 Nov 16.7 +0.4 10.1 1 Oct 155.4 192.0 average 81%
Gayndah Airport 30.4 +0.5 40.1 10 Nov 14.8 +0.2 6.6 28 Sep 85.2 144.7 low 59%
Gladstone Airport 28.5 +1.1 36.7 24 Nov 18.7 +0.6 12.6 4 Sep 88.6 138.7 low 64%
Gladstone Radar 29.3 +1.0 37.4 24 Nov 19.3 +0.7 13.2 24 Oct 90.0 154.0 low 58%
Lady Elliot Island 26.4 +0.9 30.0 11 Nov 20.8 +0.5 14.4 7 Oct 190.6 163.3 average 117%
Monto Township 29.5 +0.7 38.0 12 Nov     5.2 5 Sep 98.2 153.4 low 64%
Rockhampton Aero 30.3 +0.9 39.5 13 Nov 17.9 +1.1 10.1 1 Oct 101.6 139.9 average 73%
Rundle Island 25.3 +0.6 30.6 11 Nov 21.2 +0.3 15.4 24 Oct



Seventeen Seventy 26.3 +0.4 30.3 13 Nov 19.7 +0.6 12.5 24 Oct 194.1 161.6 high 120%
Thangool Airport 30.5 +0.4 40.4 10 Nov 13.5 +0.4 6.0 24 Oct 84.6 157.0 low 54%
Moreton South Coast (district 40)
Amberley AMO 28.4 +0.8 38.2 24 Nov 12.8 -0.2 4.7 2 Oct 183.8 188.0 average 98%
Archerfield Airport 28.0 +1.1 36.4 13 Nov 15.1 +0.9 6.6 2 Oct 97.8 211.7 low 46%
Beaudesert Drumley Street 28.1   36.6 24 Nov 12.5   4.2 1 Oct 128.4


Beerburrum Forest Station 27.7 +0.4 37.5 24 Nov 14.2 -0.1 7.5 16 Oct 153.8 253.9 low 61%
Brisbane 27.4 +0.5 36.0 13 Nov 16.6 +0.3 10.4 28 Sep 108.8 200.6 low 54%
Brisbane Aero 25.8 +0.3 33.6 24 Nov 15.9 +0.3 10.2 20 Sep 271.6 202.0 high 134%
Cape Moreton Lighthouse 24.6 +1.5 29.5 14 Nov 18.7 +0.9 13.6 23 Oct 101.8 236.8 v low 43%
Coolangatta 25.5 +1.0 30.2 5 Nov 15.2 -0.6 7.1 1 Oct 122.0 251.5 low 49%
Gold Coast Seaway 25.8 +0.4 32.8 13 Nov 16.7 -0.2 9.4 18 Oct 91.6 243.5 v low 38%
Gympie 29.0 +0.8 39.4 24 Nov 13.8 +0.3 4.9 2 Oct 147.4 204.3 average 72%
Hervey Bay Airport 27.3 +0.9 32.7 14 Nov 16.3 -0.4 7.2 1 Oct 150.4 168.9 average 89%
Jimna Forestry 25.4 +0.2 35.5 24 Nov 11.6 -0.1 3.4 2 Oct 1.2 157.3 v low 1%
Kingaroy Airport 27.0 -0.2 35.9 10 Nov 10.8 -0.6 2.6 4 Sep 103.2 147.3 low 70%
Logan City Water Treatment Plant 27.2 +0.7 36.8 13 Nov     9.2 1 Oct 184.1 209.2 average 88%
Maryborough 28.8 +1.2 38.6 24 Nov 14.7 -0.4 6.7 28 Sep 117.2 200.2 low 59%
Nambour Daff - Hillside 27.4   38.3 24 Nov 15.3   8.0 1 Oct 109.0


Point Lookout     31.5 28 Nov 18.4 +0.1 12.7 4 Sep 130.4 271.5 v low 48%
Rainbow Beach 26.3 +0.8 33.8 13 Nov      
108.4 219.3 low 49%
Redcliffe 25.9 +0.4 30.8 13 Nov 17.1 +0.2 11.4 1 Oct 180.8 215.8 average 84%
Redland (Alexandra Hills) 25.3   31.8 24 Nov 15.7   8.3 1 Oct 237.2


Sunshine Coast Airport 26.5 +0.9 35.4 24 Nov 15.2 -0.3 6.3 4 Sep 137.0 212.4 low 65%
Tewantin RSL Park 26.3 +0.9 35.2 24 Nov 16.8 +0.1 9.3 4 Sep 157.6 239.2 low 66%
University of Queensland Gatton 28.8 +0.8 37.9 24 Nov 12.7 -0.2 5.3 2 Oct 139.4 178.3 average 78%
East Darling Downs (district 41)
Applethorpe 21.4 -0.2 28.7 30 Nov 8.2 -0.6 1.1 18 Oct 214.6 194.3 average 110%
Dalby Airport 27.5 -0.6 36.5 13 Nov 11.4 -0.9 2.9 6 Oct 154.8 161.0 average 96%
Oakey Aero 26.6 +0.1 35.7 12 Nov 10.7 -0.3 1.8 24 Oct 198.8 165.4 high 120%
Stanthorpe Leslie Parade 22.4 -0.1 30.2 8 Nov 7.9 -0.8 0.6 18 Oct 214.8 195.9 average 110%
Texas Post Office 26.5 -1.2 35.8 8 Nov 11.4 -0.1 3.2 1 Oct 196.0 167.5 high 117%
Toowoomba Airport 24.0 -0.3 32.8 12 Nov 12.2 -0.5 5.6 17 Sep 158.0 175.8 average 90%
Warwick 24.9 -0.9 33.1 24 Nov 9.9 -0.5 3.1 1 Oct 198.6 193.6 average 103%
West Darling Downs (district 42)
Miles Constance Street 27.6 -1.6 36.0 9 Nov 12.7 -1.0 5.0 24 Oct 215.6 121.5 v high 177%
Maranoa (district 43)
Injune Post Office 28.2 -0.9 38.0 10 Nov 11.8 -0.5 2.9 24 Oct 170.8 146.9 average 116%
Mitchell Post Office 28.7 -0.3 37.6 7 Nov 11.5 -0.5 3.0 2 Oct 164.6 127.4 high 129%
Roma Airport 28.6 -0.9 38.5 30 Nov 12.3 -1.1 3.7 24 Oct 154.6 137.0 average 113%
St George Airport 27.2 -2.4 38.0 8 Nov 13.2 -1.3 4.8 5 Sep 162.6 129.5 average 126%
Surat 27.5 -1.5 36.7 30 Nov 13.2 -0.3 5.5 1 Oct 178.4 132.8 high 134%
Warrego (district 44)
Bollon Mary St 27.9 -1.5 39.5 30 Nov 12.6 -0.9 5.3 5 Sep 150.3 101.3 high 148%
Charleville Aero 28.0 -1.6 38.1 30 Nov 13.6 -0.5 5.5 1 Oct 180.6 103.6 high 174%
Cunnamulla Post Office 28.4 -1.0 39.7 30 Nov 14.4 -0.2 6.8 23 Oct 94.0 74.0 high 127%
Far Southwest (district 45)
Ballera Gas Field 28.9 -3.4 41.1 30 Nov 15.1 -2.2 6.6 16 Sep 86.6 43.9 high 197%
Thargomindah Airport 28.7 -2.6 40.4 30 Nov 15.1 -1.7 6.6 16 Sep 100.6 58.0 high 173%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Frederick Reef 25.3   28.0 23 Nov 23.2   20.0 8 Sep



Middle Percy Island 26.0 +0.6 31.1 14 Nov 20.6 +0.7 15.8 24 Oct 127.0 149.6 average 85%
Willis Island 29.3 +0.7 32.1 14 Nov 24.8 +1.2 22.1 1 Sep 30.6 77.0 average 40%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Queensland using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries