Adelaide in spring 2014: Hot days and very dry

Spring mean maximum and minimum temperatures were above average across the Adelaide region during the season. The season began with generally above average temperatures through September. Warm to hot conditions continued into October, that saw Adelaide have its warmest October days in 100 years. Temperatures during November continued to be above average, resulting in the the city having its second warmest spring days on record and the warmest since 1914 (when combining temperature observations from both the West Terrace and the Kent Town sites).

Spring was very dry, with most locations struggling to record 50% of the long term spring average, and rainfall totals in the Adelaide Hills being only 30-40% of the November average. Most locations across the city observing about half of the September total. October was very dry for Adelaide with a 25 consecutive day dry spell and only 5 mm being observed for the month. November was generally dry, with very little rain during the first two weeks and last week of the month.

  • Very dry, with less than 50% of the long-term average rainfall for most sites
  • Record driest spring rainfall at some Adelaide hills sites
  • Second warmest spring days for Adelaide, and warmest in 100 years

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in spring 2014
Hottest day 40.6 °C at Edinburgh RAAF on 13 Nov
Warmest days on average 25.0 °C at Parafield Airport
Coolest days on average 18.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 9.0 °C at Mount Lofty on 18 Sep
Coldest night 1.8 °C at Parafield Airport on 15 Oct
Coolest nights on average 8.7 °C at Mount Lofty
Warmest nights on average 12.7 °C at Noarlunga
Warmest night 25.9 °C at Edinburgh RAAF on 30 Nov
Warmest on average overall 18.5 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town)
Coolest on average overall 13.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 117.4 mm at Crafers West
Wettest day 16.0 mm at Piccadilly (Woodhouse) on 9 Sep
16.0 mm at Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) on 23 Nov
Strongest wind gust 109 km/h at Adelaide Airport on 6 Oct

Record lowest spring total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Woodside 62.4 64.8 in 1896 119 199.0
Owen 36.2 39.6 in 1938 81 114.2
Lenswood Research Centre 81.4 85.2 in 1982 46 238.0
Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) 66.2 66.8 in 2006 46 168.3
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 48.8 62.6 in 2012 21 149.1

Lowest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
spring
Lobethal 74.6 69.9 in 1914* 99 213.3
Gawler Council Depot 42.2 26.7 in 1896* 67 118.7
Uraidla 98.5 96.0 in 1982* 31 254.4
Willunga 52.6 51.8 in 1982* 29 153.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Barker 22.9 22.4 in 2006 112 19.5
Parafield Airport 25.0 = 25.0 in 2006 57 22.0
Edinburgh RAAF 24.8 = 24.8 in 2009 41 22.3
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.5 24.2 in 2006 37 22.1
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 21.0 20.9 in 2006 20 18.4



Record highest spring mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Barker 15.8 15.3 in 2009 111 13.4



Summary statistics for spring 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2014
Mean for
spring
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2014
Total for
spring
2014
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2014
Fraction of
spring
average
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.5 +2.4 38.8 13 Nov 12.5 +0.7 5.1 15 Oct 60.8 131.7 low 46%
Adelaide Airport 23.3 +2.3 37.8 13 Nov 11.7 +0.9 4.1 5 Sep 53.8 106.5 low 51%
Edinburgh RAAF 24.8 +2.5 40.6 13 Nov 10.7 +0.4 2.3 18 Sep 39.0 108.6 v low 36%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 21.0 +2.1 35.5 13 Nov 10.2 +0.7 4.7 2 Sep 59.2 154.5 v low 38%
Mount Barker 22.9 +3.4 37.0 13 Nov 8.8 +1.5 1.9 3 Sep 77.0 190.8 v low 40%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 21.0 +2.6 35.6 13 Nov 9.3 +0.5 3.1 15 Oct 48.8 149.1 lowest 33%
Mount Lofty 18.8 +4.0 32.7 13 Nov 8.7 +1.2 2.9 19 Sep 103.2
Noarlunga 23.4 +1.9 37.4 21 Oct 12.7 +0.8 5.9 3 Sep 46.8 102.2 low 46%
Parafield Airport 25.0 +3.0 39.3 13 Nov 11.0 +0.6 1.8 15 Oct 46.2 110.8 v low 42%

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Adelaide using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 December 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries