Monday, 3 March 2014 - Seasonal Climate Summary for South Australia - Product code IDCKGC23R0
Summer 2013-2014 saw a series of heatwaves in South Australia, with record high temperatures resulting at several location. Rainfall tended average to above average across the state with a record breaking rainfall event in mid-February.
Summer rainfall tended above average across South Australia as a whole, with western and central agricultral districts seeing rainfall in the highest 10% of 114 years of observations. Area-averaged totals were just 2% above the long term average, and ranked 74th wettest out of 114.
The most significant rainfall event for summer occurred during the middle of February. A complex low pressure system moved the state overnight bringing widespread heavy rain and thunderstorms to most districts, and resulted in several locations observing their highest summer daily rainfall on record. Lenswood in the Adelaide Hills, reported 109.6 mm in the 24 hours to 9 am on 14 February, which was the wettest day during summer for any location in South Australia.
Rainfall totals typically ranged from 40 to 60 mm across the pastoral areas, and 80 to 140 mm across most of the agricultural areas, though some locations across the South-east districts missed some of the rainfall, with lower summer totals of 20 to 40 mm where some sites had their lowest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years.The wettest location in the state was at Lenswood in the Mount Lofty Ranges where 218.4 mm was recorded for the season. Nundroo on the West Coast and Clare High School both had their highest total summer rainfall on record and some other sites had their highest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years.
Despite a mild start and finish to the the season, summer 2013-2014 saw very hot conditions across large parts of the State which produced record hot days at several locations. Maximum temperatures exceeded 40 °C over much of the state on several occasions with some sites observing their highest summer temperature on record. Summer temperatures averaged across the whole of South Australia were then 1.5 °C warmer than average, resulting in the State's sixth warmest summer on record.
Daytime temperatures, as reflected in maximum temperatures, were up to 3 °C above average for the month in the eastern districts, but tended to be up to 1 °C cooler than average in the far northwest due to increased cloud.
Several bursts of heat occurred through the season, but a particularly strong heatwave occurred in mid-January. This was in the top 3 or 4 of heatwaves on record for South Australia in terms of intensity, and saw record runs of heat at several locations. This included a record 5 consecutive days of 42 °C or more at Adelaide, and a record 5 consecutive days of 45 °C or more at Port Augusta. In this heat event Adelaide also recorded 45.1 °C, the fourth hottest temperature on record for Adelaide. For more on this heat event see Special Climate Statement 48 .
The hottest location on average for summer 2013/2014 was Marree where the maximum temperatures averaged 39.3 °C for the season. During this summer Marree recorded 49 days of 40 °C or more compared to the average of 27 days, and had 19 of those consecutively through late January and the first half of February. 17 days were 45 °C or more, second highest numbers of days of 45 °C or more after 1973. In contrast, Cape Willoughby on Kangaroo Island was the coolest location for daytime temperatures with maximum temperatures averaging 22.8 °C.
The hottest day was recorded at Moomba Airport on 2 January where the temperature reached 49.3 °C, resulting in the 2nd hottest day ever recorded at that site, and the 5th hottest temperature ever officially recorded in South Australia. Mount Lofty in the Mount Lofty Ranges reached 12 °C on 5 January which was the coolest day for any location in the State during the summer period.
Statewide summer minimum temperatures were 1.2 °C above the long term average and rank 94th warmest out of 104 years of observations.
The hottest night recorded in the state was when the minimum temperature at Tarcoola Aerodrome only dropped to 32.6 °C on 20 December. But the warmest nights averaged across the whole season were at Moomba where overnight minimum temperatures averaged 31.1 °C.
The coldest night was recorded at Keith (Munkora) in the south-east where the overnight temperature dropped to 1.5 °C on 24 December, but overall for the season as a whole, the coolest nights were at nearby at Naracoorte which averaged 11.0 °C for overnight minimum temperatures
|Extremes in summer 2013-14|
|Hottest day||49.3 °C at Moomba Airport on 2 Jan 2014|
|Warmest days on average||39.3 °C at Marree Comparison|
|Coolest days on average||22.2 °C at Cape Willoughby|
|Coldest day||12.0 °C at Mount Lofty on 5 Dec 2013|
|Coldest night||1.5 °C at Keith (Munkora) on 24 Dec 2013|
|Coolest nights on average||11.0 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome|
|Warmest nights on average||23.5 °C at Moomba Airport|
|Warmest night||32.6 °C at Tarcoola Aero on 20 Dec 2013|
|Warmest on average overall||31.1 °C at Moomba Airport|
|Coolest on average overall||
18.1 °C at Robe Airfield|
18.1 °C at Robe Comparison
|Wettest overall||218.4 mm at Lenswood|
|Driest overall||7.6 mm at Leawood Gardens (Eagle on The Hill)|
|Wettest day||109.6 mm at Lenswood on 14 Feb 2014|
|Highest wind gust||104 km/h at Sellicks Hill (Mount Terrible Radar) on 4 Feb 2014|
Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window
|Record highest summer daily rainfall|
Highest daily rainfall
in summer 2013-14 (mm)
|Streaky Bay||109.0||on 14 Feb 2014||77.5||on 20 Feb 1938||136|
|Georgetown||67.2||on 15 Feb 2014||67.0||on 20 Jan 2007||135|
|Adelaide (Pooraka)||87.8||on 14 Feb 2014||82.8||on 2 Jan 1889||133|
|Uraidla||84.5||on 14 Feb 2014||77.2||on 26 Dec 1959||125|
|Spalding||59.4||on 15 Feb 2014||56.1||on 25 Jan 1941||113|
|Caliph||70.2||on 15 Feb 2014||64.0||on 8 Dec 2010||41|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||75.2||on 14 Feb 2014||66.2||on 8 Dec 2010||38|
|Burnside||77.6||on 14 Feb 2014||67.2||on 8 Dec 2010||38|
|Blackwood (Wittunga)||63.0||on 14 Feb 2014||54.0||on 8 Dec 2010||36|
|McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery)||38.4||on 14 Feb 2014||33.2||on 8 Dec 2010||22|
|Clare High School||75.8||on 15 Feb 2014||73.0||on 7 Feb 1997||21|
|Renmark Aero||79.8||on 15 Feb 2014||77.0||on 8 Dec 2010||20|
|Record highest total summer rainfall|
for summer 2013-14 (mm)
|Clare High School||155.2||153.6||in 2010||20||82.9|
|Highest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years|
for summer 2013-14 (mm)
Most recent summer
at least this wet
|Port Kenny (Mount Cooper)||150.4||154.9||in 1945*||64||49.6|
|Streaky Bay||149.2||151.6||in 1992||21||40.0|
|Adelaide Airport||99.6||136.8||in 1993||20||60.2|
|Whyalla (Mullaquana)||161.6||204.6||in 1992*||20||57.1|
* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.
|Lowest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years|
for summer 2013-14 (mm)
Most recent summer
at least this dry
* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.
|Record highest summer temperature|
in summer 2013-14 (°C)
|Mount Gambier Aero||44.9||on 2 Feb 2014||43.6||on 4 Jan 2013||73||24.5|
|Keith||46.5||on 2 Feb 2014||45.5||on 28 Jan 2009||53||29.1|
|Neptune Island||36.9||on 16 Jan 2014||36.8||on 8 Feb 1970||53||21.6|
|Cape Willoughby||42.2||on 14 Jan 2014||41.5||on 23 Jan 1982||47||21.4|
|Summary statistics for summer 2013-14|
|Northwest (district 16)|
|Andamooka||36.7||+1.2||46.8||1 Jan 2014||22.1||+1.5||12.5||5 Dec 2013||48.8||61.1||average||80%|
|Coober Pedy Airport||36.7||47.4||1 Jan 2014||22.0||12.0||5 Dec 2013||39.4||47.5||average||83%|
|Ernabella (Pukatja)||34.7||42.6||1 Jan 2014||9.9||12 Dec 2013||59.6|
|Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome)||36.9||47.1||1 Jan 2014||20.8||9.6||6 Dec 2013||24.8|
|Woomera Aerodrome||35.6||+2.1||46.8||1 Jan 2014||20.3||+1.5||11.0||5 Dec 2013||25.6||49.0||low||52%|
|Far North (district 17)|
|Arkaroola||35.0||+1.6||44.9||2 Jan 2014||20.2||+1.2||11.5||5 Dec 2013||106.1||96.9||high||109%|
|Leigh Creek Airport||36.2||+1.9||45.7||2 Jan 2014||21.3||+1.4||10.6||6 Dec 2013||57.8||72.4||average||80%|
|Marree Aero||38.2||48.1||2 Jan 2014||22.4||12.9||6 Dec 2013||74.8|
|Marree Comparison||39.3||+2.4||48.3||2 Jan 2014||22.3||+1.6||12.2||6 Dec 2013||67.9||54.8||high||124%|
|Moomba Airport||38.8||49.3||2 Jan 2014||23.5||14.0||6 Dec 2013||21.4|
|Oodnadatta Airport||38.1||+1.2||48.0||1 Jan 2014||23.3||+1.1||13.2||6 Dec 2013||39.6||71.5||average||55%|
|Western Agricultural (district 18)|
|Ceduna AMO||29.4||+1.3||46.3||31 Dec 2013||16.2||+1.4||6.4||6 Dec 2013||93.2||46.5||v high||200%|
|Cleve||28.2||+0.6||43.4||2 Feb 2014||16.7||+1.5||7.1||5 Dec 2013||108.5||64.0||high||170%|
|Cleve Aerodrome||28.6||44.6||14 Jan 2014||16.0||7.3||5 Dec 2013||90.0||58.9||high||153%|
|Cummins Aero||30.0||46.2||2 Feb 2014||14.9||5.2||5 Dec 2013||93.0|
|Elliston||26.7||+1.4||43.4||11 Feb 2014||16.4||+1.0||7.6||24 Dec 2013||75.1||40.5||v high||185%|
|Kimba||31.5||+0.9||43.0||28 Jan 2014||15.8||+0.6||5.5||5 Dec 2013||94.2||58.1||high||162%|
|Kyancutta||33.4||+1.3||45.8||19 Dec 2013||15.3||+1.4||5.2||6 Dec 2013||117.9||51.2||v high||230%|
|Minnipa Pirsa||32.6||44.5||11 Feb 2014||16.1||7.4||5 Dec 2013|
|Neptune Island||22.4||+0.8||36.9||16 Jan 2014||16.3||+0.4||10.2||5 Dec 2013||86.2||44.1||v high||195%|
|North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS)||26.4||+0.9||45.1||16 Jan 2014||15.3||0.0||8.1||5 Dec 2013||72.8||49.8||high||146%|
|Nullarbor||28.2||+0.8||46.1||27 Dec 2013||16.3||+1.0||7.5||24 Dec 2013||119.2||40.6||v high||294%|
|Port Augusta Aero||34.5||46.2||14 Jan 2014||19.3||10.2||5 Dec 2013||68.0|
|Streaky Bay||30.2||+1.6||44.0||11 Feb 2014||10.5||6 Dec 2013||149.2||40.0||v high||373%|
|Whyalla Aero||30.4||+1.1||45.7||14 Jan 2014||17.7||+0.6||9.0||5 Dec 2013||88.3||60.5||high||146%|
|Wudinna Aero||33.2||46.1||19 Dec 2013||15.2||5.5||6 Dec 2013||116.6|
|Upper North (district 19)|
|Hawker||34.6||+1.4||44.0||1 Jan 2014||18.2||+0.9||7.2||6 Dec 2013||111.4||63.6||high||175%|
|Northeast (district 20)|
|Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot)||33.6||45.4||14 Jan 2014||15.4||8.3||12 Dec 2013||119.2|
|Yunta Airstrip||33.6||43.4||12 Feb 2014||16.0||7.4||6 Dec 2013||40.2|
|Lower North (district 21)|
|Clare High School||29.8||42.5||2 Feb 2014||14.7||5.7||5 Dec 2013||155.2||82.9||highest||187%|
|Port Pirie Aerodrome||32.4||44.8||12 Feb 2014||17.1||7.6||5 Dec 2013||113.4|
|Snowtown (Rayville Park)||32.3||45.5||16 Jan 2014||13.7||4.9||24 Dec 2013||124.8|
|Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)|
|Edithburgh||25.6||+0.9||44.5||14 Jan 2014||16.4||+0.2||9.7||5 Jan 2014||87.4||48.2||v high||181%|
|Kadina AWS||31.1||44.9||14 Jan 2014||15.0||5.9||24 Dec 2013||74.4|
|Maitland||29.7||+1.6||43.5||14 Jan 2014||16.3||+1.1||8.0||5 Dec 2013||94.8||63.2||high||150%|
|Minlaton Aero||29.2||44.7||14 Jan 2014||15.5||6.7||15 Dec 2013||81.0|
|Stenhouse Bay||25.0||44.0||2 Feb 2014||16.4||9.1||5 Dec 2013||67.6|
|Warooka||27.2||+0.6||42.8||15 Jan 2014||15.8||+0.7||8.8||5 Dec 2013||85.0||49.7||high||171%|
|Kangaroo Island (district 22B)|
|Cape Borda||24.5||39.0||15 Jan 2014||14.2||8.2||30 Dec 2013||72.0|
|Cape Willoughby||22.2||+0.8||42.2||14 Jan 2014||15.8||+0.3||7.0||5 Dec 2013||89.8||59.6||high||151%|
|Kingscote Aero||26.3||43.8||2 Feb 2014||13.1||5.7||30 Dec 2013||96.8||51.1||high||189%|
|Parndana Cfs AWS||25.5||42.6||2 Feb 2014||12.9||5.5||5 Dec 2013||128.8|
|Adelaide Plains (district 23A)|
|Adelaide (Kent Town)||30.3||+1.7||45.1||14 Jan 2014||17.3||+0.6||8.5||5 Dec 2013||124.0||63.1||v high||197%|
|Adelaide Airport||28.7||+1.4||43.3||14 Jan 2014||16.4||+0.9||8.7||15 Dec 2013||99.6||60.2||high||165%|
|Edinburgh RAAF||30.4||+1.1||45.4||16 Jan 2014||16.9||+1.0||8.2||15 Dec 2013||136.8||63.3||v high||216%|
|Parafield Airport||30.9||+2.0||45.3||16 Jan 2014||16.4||+0.5||8.0||5 Dec 2013||122.6||64.6||v high||190%|
|Roseworthy AWS||31.7||46.4||16 Jan 2014||14.9||5.3||24 Dec 2013||114.6|
|County Light (district 23B)|
|Nuriootpa Viticultural||29.6||42.5||14 Jan 2014||14.1||5.5||6 Jan 2014||139.8|
|Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre)||31.0||+1.3||45.2||14 Jan 2014||15.2||+0.5||5.9||24 Dec 2013||148.1||61.4||v high||241%|
|Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)|
|Kuitpo Forest Reserve||25.8||41.4||14 Jan 2014||14.0||6.0||5 Dec 2013||108.4|
|Mount Barker||27.5||+1.2||43.0||2 Feb 2014||12.9||+1.5||5.7||24 Dec 2013||135.2||86.4||high||156%|
|Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS)||27.7||41.6||2 Feb 2014||13.9||4.9||5 Dec 2013||149.0||81.9||v high||182%|
|Mount Lofty||24.7||38.9||2 Feb 2014||13.0||3.9||5 Dec 2013||164.4|
|Noarlunga||28.3||43.4||2 Feb 2014||16.9||8.8||5 Dec 2013||80.0|
|Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS)||24.1||40.9||14 Jan 2014||13.7||6.4||5 Dec 2013||107.2||91.0||high||118%|
|Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay)||24.9||44.3||14 Jan 2014||14.0||6.5||30 Dec 2013||87.6|
|Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)|
|Loxton Research Centre||32.4||+1.5||44.6||14 Jan 2014||14.9||+0.9||8.2||5 Dec 2013||134.1||63.6||v high||211%|
|Renmark Aero||33.5||45.7||14 Jan 2014||15.9||8.3||5 Dec 2013||130.0|
|Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)|
|Eudunda||29.9||+1.5||42.0||1 Feb 2014||14.7||+1.2||5.8||5 Dec 2013||134.6||70.8||v high||190%|
|Meningie||26.7||+1.1||44.2||2 Feb 2014||13.9||+0.3||7.0||31 Dec 2013||77.8||59.2||high||131%|
|Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome)||29.8||46.3||14 Jan 2014||13.6||4.9||24 Dec 2013||129.2|
|Murray Bridge Comparison||29.9||+1.2||46.0||2 Feb 2014||14.7||+0.6||7.2||6 Dec 2013||109.4||58.8||high||186%|
|Strathalbyn Racecourse||27.4||44.9||16 Jan 2014||14.5||8.0||31 Dec 2013||89.4|
|Murray Mallee (district 25A)|
|Karoonda||31.4||45.5||2 Feb 2014||14.1||6.8||24 Dec 2013||122.1||62.5||v high||195%|
|Upper Southeast (district 25B)|
|Keith||30.5||+1.4||46.5||2 Feb 2014||13.2||+0.5||6.0||24 Dec 2013||17.4||65.7||v low||26%|
|Keith (Munkora)||31.3||47.2||14 Jan 2014||11.7||1.5||24 Dec 2013||35.0|
|Lameroo (Austin Plains)||32.0||46.2||14 Jan 2014||13.4||5.4||29 Dec 2013||43.0|
|Lameroo Comparison||31.5||+1.4||45.5||15 Jan 2014||14.6||+1.6||7.7||5 Dec 2013||47.3||66.2||average||71%|
|Lower Southeast (district 26)|
|Cape Jaffa (The Limestone)||24.1||+0.1||41.0||16 Jan 2014||13.3||+0.1||6.8||17 Dec 2013||67.2||58.7||high||114%|
|Coonawarra||27.9||+1.4||43.6||2 Feb 2014||11.2||+0.1||2.1||30 Dec 2013||45.7||86.2||low||53%|
|Mount Gambier Aero||26.4||+1.9||44.9||2 Feb 2014||11.5||+0.6||3.0||30 Dec 2013||81.8||91.7||average||89%|
|Naracoorte Aerodrome||29.7||45.8||14 Jan 2014||11.0||1.7||30 Dec 2013||56.8|
|Padthaway South||29.1||44.6||14 Jan 2014||11.7||4.2||24 Dec 2013||41.6|
|Robe Airfield||24.1||41.7||2 Feb 2014||12.2||3.6||31 Dec 2013||89.0|
|Robe Comparison||22.7||+0.6||37.2||17 Jan 2014||13.5||+0.2||8.2||31 Dec 2013||81.8||66.9||high||122%|
A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 3 March 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.
The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.