South Australia in summer 2018–19: record warm days and drier than average

Rainfall in summer was below average to very much below average in most central and northeastern districts, making it South Australia's driest summer since 1985–86. Heatwaves in December and January resulted in numerous sites setting new high temperature records during summer 2018–19. For mean maximum temperature, it was South Australia's hottest summer on record and third-warmest for mean minimum temperature.

Drier than average

  • Rainfall in summer was 64% below average for South Australia, the State's driest summer since 1985–86
  • Summer was drier than average across most of South Australia, with areas of near-average rainfall in the west, South East districts, and on Kangaroo Island
  • In the Lower South East agricultural district, despite a drier than average January and February, a wetter than average start to the season in December lifted summer rainfall totals close to average
  • Many sites had either their lowest total summer rainfall on record or their lowest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years

Warmest summer on record for maximum temperature

  • South Australia's mean maximum temperature for summer was 3.09 °C warmer than average, making it the highest on record (previous highest was +2.87 °C in summer 2000–01)
  • Very much above average mean maximum temperatures were observed throughout the State, while record high mean maxima were experienced in the far southwest, north, and northeast
  • For mean maximum temperature, January was South Australia's hottest month on record
  • Heatwave events in December and January saw daytime temperatures reach the high-40s and numerous sites had their highest summer temperature on record, including 46.6 °C at the Bureau's official Adelaide city site at West Terrace
  • The national highest temperature of the summer, 49.5 °C at Port Augusta, occurred on 24 January
  • On 23 and 24 January, South Australia as a whole had its two hottest area-averaged days on record, with maximum temperatures of 45.67 °C and 45.69 °C respectively (the previous hottest day was 45.25 °C on 2 January 1960)
  • In contrast, earlier in the season on 13 or 14 December, daytime temperatures were more than 12 °C cooler than average in areas around the Riverland and across the northern Eyre Peninsula, with several sites having their coldest summer day on record
  • Night-time temperatures were warmer than average, though not as extreme as the daytime temperatures
  • The State's mean minimum temperature for summer was 1.58 °C above average, the third-highest on record and highest since summer 2005–06
  • Numerous sites had their highest summer mean daily maximum temperature on record
  • In January, Oodnadatta Airport and Moomba Airport had their warmest summer night on record
  • Moomba Airport had its highest summer mean daily minimum temperature on record
  • Several sites had their highest summer mean temperature on record
  • Further information about the heatwaves that affected large areas of the country during summer can be found in the Special Climate Statement Widespread heatwaves during December 2018 and January 2019

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in summer 2018-19
Hottest day 49.5 °C at Port Augusta Aero on 24 Jan 2019
Warmest days on average 40.0 °C at Marree Aero and Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 22.7 °C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day 12.6 °C at Mount Lofty on 13 Dec 2018
Coldest night 3.5 °C at Coonawarra on 10 Jan 2019
3.5 °C at Cummins Aero on 14 Feb 2019
Coolest nights on average 11.5 °C at Coonawarra
Warmest nights on average 25.7 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 36.1 °C at Moomba Airport on 26 Jan 2019
Warmest on average overall 32.9 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 18.7 °C at Robe Airfield
Wettest overall 120.0 mm at Lucindale Post Office
Driest overall 0 mm at Moomba Airport
Wettest day 40.2 mm at Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) on 14 Dec 2018
Strongest wind gust 156 km/h at Snowtown (Rayville Park) on 1 Dec 2018

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest summer total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Port Parham 9.4 11.3 in 1991 46 57.0
Leigh Creek Airport 7.2 8.9 in 1985 33 70.1
Moomba Airport 0.0 3.4 in 2017 24 54.1
Nuriootpa Pirsa 23.8 26.8 in 2007 23 74.9
Minnipa Pirsa 9.4 12.4 in 1998 22 43.4
Tarcoola Aero 5.6 7.8 in 2013 22 56.0
Gammon Ranges (Moolawatana) 9.0 15.2 in 2017 21 76.9
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 3.6 9.4 in 2007 21 46.4

Lowest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Arkaroola 10.0 0.0 in 1949 97.4
Andamooka 2.1 1.3 in 1969 60.1
Port Vincent 9.6 9.4 in 1982* 50.5
Hawker 11.3 10.6 in 1984 63.2
Kimba 11.8 =11.8 in 1984 58.4
Woomera Aerodrome 6.6 2.4 in 1985 49.5
Mount Ive 13.4 0.0 in 1988* 45.2
Koolunga 20.8 10.2 in 1991 61.2
Kyancutta 9.3 9.2 in 1991 51.3
Edinburgh RAAF 15.2 12.8 in 1991* 64.1
Elliston 10.2 7.8 in 1991* 41.0
Tanunda 24.0 23.8 in 1991* 68.5
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 10.4 7.6 in 1995 49.8
Australia Plains 23.8 18.8 in 1991* 55.4
Maitland 24.2 20.4 in 1998 63.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest summer temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 46.6 on 24 Jan 2019 46.1 on 12 Jan 1939 95 28.0
Ceduna AMO 48.6 on 24 Jan 2019 47.9 on 2 Jan 1990 79 28.1
Adelaide Airport 45.8 on 24 Jan 2019 44.1 on 4 Jan 2013 65 27.4
Cleve 46.0 on 24 Jan 2019 45.2 on 31 Jan 1968 63 27.6
Mount Barker 44.5 on 24 Jan 2019 = 44.5 on 28 Jan 2009 63 26.4
Parafield Airport 47.7 on 24 Jan 2019 46.4 on 25 Jan 2003 63 29.0
Elliston 44.3 on 23 Jan 2019 43.5 on 17 Feb 2007 58 25.4
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 47.2 on 24 Jan 2019 46.4 on 31 Jan 1968 58 29.8
Eudunda 45.0 on 24 Jan 2019 43.9 on 7 Feb 2009 55 28.5
Meningie 46.1 on 24 Jan 2019 45.1 on 28 Jan 2009 53 25.7
Kimba 47.0 on 24 Jan 2019 46.0 on 4 Jan 2013 52 30.7
Andamooka 48.1 on 24 Jan 2019 47.8 on 25 Jan 2011 50 35.6
Edinburgh RAAF 47.5 on 24 Jan 2019 46.2 on 23 Jan 1982 47 29.3
Hawker 46.0 on 24 Jan 2019 = 46.0 on 19 Jan 2003 47 33.3
Adelaide (Kent Town) 47.7 on 24 Jan 2019 45.7 on 28 Jan 2009 43 28.8
Maitland 46.3 on 24 Jan 2019 45.0 on 28 Jan 2009 38 28.3
Leigh Creek Airport 46.9 on 24 Jan 2019 46.3 on 6 Jan 2013 36 34.6
Whyalla Aero 48.5 on 24 Jan 2019 48.0 on 7 Feb 2009 35 29.4
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 41.8 on 24 Jan 2019 41.6 on 14 Jan 1996 28 24.0
Edithburgh 47.9 on 24 Jan 2019 44.9 on 29 Jan 2009 27 24.9
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 48.3 on 24 Jan 2019 46.1 on 21 Jan 2006 27 25.6
Clare High School 44.9 on 24 Jan 2019 43.7 on 28 Jan 2009 25 29.2
Coober Pedy Airport 47.8 on 16 Jan 2019 47.4 on 1 Jan 2014 25 35.6
Kingscote Aero 45.4 on 24 Jan 2019 43.8 on 2 Feb 2014 25 26.1
Mount Crawford AWS 43.7 on 24 Jan 2019 43.3 on 28 Jan 2009 25 26.6
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 43.5 on 24 Jan 2019 42.5 on 28 Jan 2009 25 22.9
Stenhouse Bay 46.7 on 24 Jan 2019 44.0 on 2 Feb 2014 24 24.4
Cleve Aerodrome 47.0 on 24 Jan 2019 46.1 on 4 Jan 2013 23 28.3
Minnipa Pirsa 48.0 on 24 Jan 2019 46.9 on 4 Jan 2013 23 32.0
Nuriootpa Pirsa 46.0 on 24 Jan 2019 44.1 on 28 Jan 2009 23 29.0
Strathalbyn Racecourse 46.7 on 24 Jan 2019 46.3 on 28 Jan 2009 23 27.2
Ernabella (Pukatja) 44.5 on 15 Jan 2019 43.8 on 11 Jan 2013 22 34.4
Roseworthy AWS 48.3 on 24 Jan 2019 46.7 on 28 Jan 2009 22 30.9
Tarcoola Aero 49.1 on 24 Jan 2019 48.9 on 1 Jan 2014 22 35.5
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 44.0 on 24 Jan 2019 42.7 on 28 Jan 2009 21 25.3
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 47.3 on 24 Jan 2019 46.0 on 7 Feb 2009 21 31.7
Yunta Airstrip 46.0 on 15 Jan 2019 45.5 on 10 Feb 2017 21 32.5
Mount Lofty 41.1 on 24 Jan 2019 37.9 on 28 Jan 2018 20 21.2



Record lowest summer daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Whyalla Aero 17.7 on 14 Dec 2018 18.7 on 14 Dec 2016 35 29.4
Cleve Aerodrome 15.6 on 14 Dec 2018 16.0 on 1 Dec 2017 23 28.3
Minnipa Pirsa 15.7 on 14 Dec 2018 15.9 on 1 Dec 2005 23 32.0
Roseworthy AWS 17.3 on 13 Dec 2018 18.1 on 29 Feb 2012 22 30.9
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 18.5 on 13 Dec 2018 18.8 on 10 Jan 2015 20 32.7
Wudinna Aero 17.2 on 14 Dec 2018 = 17.2 on 1 Dec 2005 20 32.5



Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Eudunda 31.5 31.4 in 2000 53 28.5
Meningie 27.9 27.4 in 2000 52 25.7
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.5 31.2 in 2000 41 28.8
Leigh Creek Airport 37.8 36.9 in 2000 35 34.6
Loxton Research Centre 33.6 33.5 in 2000 34 31.1
Nullarbor 29.8 29.1 in 2000 31 27.5
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 27.0 = 27.0 in 2012 26 25.6
Kingscote Aero 27.9 27.4 in 2009 24 26.1
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 24.6 24.4 in 2000 24 22.9
Moomba Airport 40.0 39.8 in 2017 23 37.6
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 27.2 26.8 in 2000 20 25.3
Marree Aero 40.0 39.2 in 2000 20 37.3
Yunta Airstrip 34.8 34.7 in 2000 20 32.5



Record highest summer daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Oodnadatta Airport 34.3 on 25 Jan 2019 34.2 on 28 Jan 2011 71 22.3
Moomba Airport 36.1 on 26 Jan 2019 35.0 on 17 Feb 2004 24 23.6



Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Moomba Airport 25.7 25.4 in 2005 23 23.6



Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Eudunda 23.5 = 23.5 in 2000 53 21.0
Kingscote Aero 20.5 20.4 in 2000 24 19.4
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 19.4 19.3 in 2000 24 18.1
Moomba Airport 32.9 32.4 in 2005 23 30.6
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.9 20.8 in 2000 20 19.5



Summary statistics for summer 2018-19
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2018-19
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2018-19
Mean for
summer
2018-19
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2018-19
Total for
summer
2018-19
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2018-19
Fraction of
summer
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 37.9 +2.3 48.1 24 Jan 2019 22.4 +1.7 11.5 14 Dec 2018 2.1 60.1 v low 3%
Coober Pedy Airport 37.5 +1.9 47.8 16 Jan 2019 21.7 +0.4 11.1 14 Dec 2018 10.2 44.8 v low 23%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 37.0 +2.6 44.5 15 Jan 2019 21.3 +1.1 11.3 15 Dec 2018 69.4 127.9 low 54%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 37.8 +1.9 47.8 24 Jan 2019 21.0 +0.9 10.7 14 Dec 2018 3.6 46.4 lowest 8%
Tarcoola Aero 36.9 +1.4 49.1 24 Jan 2019 18.8 -0.1 9.3 14 Dec 2018 5.6 56.0 lowest 10%
Woomera Aerodrome 36.4 +2.8 47.9 24 Jan 2019 20.5 +1.6 10.8 14 Dec 2018 6.6 49.5 v low 13%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 37.8 +3.2 46.9 24 Jan 2019 21.7 +1.7 10.9 14 Dec 2018 7.2 70.1 lowest 10%
Marree Aero 40.0 +2.7 48.1 25 Jan 2019 23.1 +1.2 14.4 14 Feb 2019 3.0 58.7 lowest 5%
Moomba Airport 40.0 +2.4 47.1 23 Jan 2019 25.7 +2.1 13.1 14 Dec 2018 0 54.1 lowest 0%
Oodnadatta Airport 39.9 +2.9 47.9 14 Jan 2019 23.3 +1.0 12.9 14 Dec 2018 20.4 70.9 low 29%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 29.9 +1.8 48.6 24 Jan 2019 15.4 +0.6 7.5 29 Jan 2019 15.0 47.2 low 32%
Cleve 29.0 +1.4 46.0 24 Jan 2019 16.5 +1.2 9.0 14 Feb 2019 39.2 64.5 average 61%
Cleve Aerodrome 29.3 +1.0 47.0 24 Jan 2019 15.8 +0.3 8.5 14 Feb 2019 26.6 59.4 low 45%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 25.6   40.8 3 Jan 2019 15.5   9.6 14 Feb 2019 14.2
Cultana (Defence) 34.2   48.2 24 Jan 2019 18.2   10.8 14 Dec 2018 9.6
Cummins Aero 30.7 +1.4 46.5 24 Jan 2019 14.0 -0.7 3.5 14 Feb 2019 11.8 58.7 v low 20%
Elliston 27.6 +2.2 44.3 23 Jan 2019 16.6 +1.1 9.9 14 Feb 2019 10.2 41.0 v low 25%
Kimba 32.7 +2.0 47.0 24 Jan 2019     14.0 3 Dec 2018 11.8 58.4 v low 20%
Kyancutta 34.5 +2.4 49.2 24 Jan 2019 15.3 +1.3 6.4 14 Feb 2019 9.3 51.3 v low 18%
Minnipa Pirsa 33.2 +1.2 48.0 24 Jan 2019 16.2 +0.8 9.5 22 Dec 2018 9.4 43.4 lowest 22%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 27.0 +1.4 48.3 24 Jan 2019 15.1 -0.2 6.8 14 Feb 2019 10.4 49.8 v low 21%
Nullarbor 29.8 +2.3 47.6 23 Jan 2019 15.8 +0.4 7.5 29 Jan 2019 12.0 42.8 low 28%
Port Augusta Aero 35.0 +1.8 49.5 24 Jan 2019 19.6 +1.1 11.7 14 Dec 2018 11.2 52.8 v low 21%
Streaky Bay 29.8 +1.2 46.5 23 Jan 2019     8.0 2 Dec 2018 10.1 40.3 low 25%
Whyalla Aero 31.1 +1.7 48.5 24 Jan 2019 17.8 +0.6 11.1 3 Dec 2018 25.7 60.4 low 43%
Wudinna Aero 34.0 +1.5 48.1 24 Jan 2019 15.1 +0.3 6.0 14 Feb 2019 7.8 46.8 low 17%
Upper North (district 19)
Yongala 32.4 +2.6 43.5 24 Jan 2019     7.0 3 Dec 2018 56.2 68.5 average 82%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 34.7 +2.0 46.4 24 Jan 2019 15.5 +0.5 6.3 14 Feb 2019 22.4 75.9 low 30%
Yunta Airstrip 34.8 +2.3 46.0 15 Jan 2019 16.7 +1.0 8.1 13 Feb 2019 24.0 58.9 low 41%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 31.4 +2.2 44.9 24 Jan 2019 15.3 +1.2 5.8 14 Feb 2019 66.6 86.1 low 77%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 33.9   48.6 24 Jan 2019 17.5   10.3 22 Dec 2018 14.0
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 33.3 +1.6 47.3 24 Jan 2019 14.7 +0.9 6.1 14 Feb 2019 21.2 64.7 v low 33%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 26.1 +1.2 47.9 24 Jan 2019 16.7 +0.4 9.4 14 Dec 2018 24.0 47.2 low 51%
Kadina AWS 32.0 +1.2 47.9 24 Jan 2019 15.3 +0.6 7.4 14 Feb 2019 8.6 57.0 v low 15%
Minlaton Aero 30.4 +1.8 46.8 24 Jan 2019 14.9 +0.2 8.2 14 Feb 2019 22.8 50.6 low 45%
Stenhouse Bay 25.5 +1.1 46.7 24 Jan 2019 16.6 +0.3 10.9 14 Dec 2018 20.0 49.3 low 41%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 25.3 +1.4 38.5 15 Jan 2019 14.1 +0.1 8.3 14 Dec 2018 41.6 59.2 average 70%
Cape Willoughby 22.7 +1.3 41.7 24 Jan 2019 16.4 +0.8 10.0 2 Dec 2018 38.8 59.9 average 65%
Kingscote Aero 27.9 +1.8 45.4 24 Jan 2019 13.1 +0.5 4.7 14 Feb 2019 37.2 52.8 average 70%
Parndana Cfs AWS 27.0   45.3 24 Jan 2019 12.7   6.2 14 Feb 2019 58.6
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.5 +2.7 47.7 24 Jan 2019 17.8 +1.1 11.4 14 Dec 2018 28.8* 64.4 low 45%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 30.9 +2.9 46.6 24 Jan 2019 17.2 +1.0 10.6 23 Dec 2018 26.4* 66.7 low 40%
Adelaide Airport 29.4 +2.0 45.8 24 Jan 2019 17.0 +1.4 10.3 23 Dec 2018 27.6 60.4 low 46%
Edinburgh RAAF 31.6 +2.3 47.5 24 Jan 2019 16.9 +0.9 8.8 23 Dec 2018 15.2 64.1 v low 24%
Parafield Airport 32.1 +3.1 47.7 24 Jan 2019 16.6 +0.7 9.2 22 Dec 2018 21.4 64.8 low 33%
Roseworthy AWS 32.6 +1.7 48.3 24 Jan 2019 14.9 +0.8 6.0 22 Dec 2018 28.0 64.7 low 43%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 31.1 +2.1 46.0 24 Jan 2019 14.4 +0.5 4.7 13 Feb 2019 23.8 74.9 lowest 32%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 32.6 +2.8 47.2 24 Jan 2019 15.5 +0.8 7.4 14 Feb 2019 30.6 61.7 low 50%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 26.5 +1.5 46.8 24 Jan 2019 16.2 +0.6 10.0 1 Feb 2019 29.6 59.3 v low 50%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 27.2 +1.9 44.0 24 Jan 2019 14.6 +0.9 9.0 2 Dec 2018 63.0 85.3 average 74%
Mount Barker 29.4 +3.0 44.5 24 Jan 2019 13.3 +1.9 6.2 14 Feb 2019 60.8 86.8 average 70%
Mount Crawford AWS 28.7 +2.1 43.7 24 Jan 2019 14.5 +1.1 7.4 14 Dec 2018 36.0 81.9 low 44%
Mount Lofty 25.8 +4.6 41.1 24 Jan 2019 13.4 +1.5 6.1 2 Dec 2018 82.8 125.5 low 66%
Noarlunga 29.4 +1.8 46.2 24 Jan 2019 17.3 +0.8 10.4 22 Dec 2018 24.6 56.2 v low 44%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 24.6 +1.7 43.5 24 Jan 2019 14.1 +0.8 8.3 14 Dec 2018 91.6 95.1 average 96%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 25.7 +1.2 46.2 24 Jan 2019 14.3 +0.2 9.1 5 Dec 2018 46.6 72.5 low 64%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 33.6 +2.5 45.4 24 Jan 2019 15.3 +1.1 6.8 14 Feb 2019 48.4 61.7 average 78%
Renmark Aero 34.5 +1.9 46.3 4 Jan 2019 16.5 +0.9 8.2 13 Feb 2019 38.4 62.0 average 62%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 31.5 +3.0 45.0 24 Jan 2019 15.4 +1.8 7.4 14 Feb 2019 47.4 71.2 average 67%
Meningie 27.9 +2.2 46.1 24 Jan 2019 14.4 +0.7 8.4 10 Jan 2019 36.9 59.6 low 62%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 31.0 +1.3 47.4 24 Jan 2019 14.4 +0.7 7.7 14 Feb 2019 30.6 63.0 v low 49%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 28.9 +1.7 46.7 24 Jan 2019 14.7 +0.6 8.5 1 Feb 2019 36.2 63.1 low 57%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 30.9 +1.7 45.5 24 Jan 2019 13.8 +1.0 7.2 10 Jan 2019 56.0 66.1 average 85%
Keith (Munkora) 31.5 +1.5 46.1 24 Jan 2019 12.2 +0.6 4.4 10 Jan 2019 32.6 65.4 low 50%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 32.7 +1.8 45.9 24 Jan 2019 14.1 +0.7 7.4 6 Jan 2019 43.2 66.7 low 65%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 24.7 +0.7 41.8 24 Jan 2019 13.6 +0.3 7.9 1 Dec 2018 17.6 57.6 lowest 31%
Coonawarra 28.4 +1.7 43.6 24 Jan 2019 11.5 +0.3 3.5 10 Jan 2019 65.2 85.5 average 76%
Mount Gambier Aero 26.4 +1.8 44.0 24 Jan 2019 12.0 +1.0 4.5 10 Jan 2019 98.6 91.8 average 107%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 29.8 +1.0 45.1 24 Jan 2019 11.8 +0.6 3.9 11 Dec 2018 57.2 78.6 average 73%
Padthaway South 29.6 +1.4 44.8 24 Jan 2019 12.2 +0.4 5.4 1 Feb 2019 61.8 72.1 average 86%
Robe Airfield 24.4 +0.4 40.1 24 Jan 2019 12.9 +0.4 4.1 10 Jan 2019 61.4 75.2 average 82%

* note: data are missing for 19 December 2018 when at least 3 mm is estimated to have fallen at the site


Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 March 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries