South Australia in autumn 2014: A warm and wet season across the state

Both day and night temperatures were above average through autumn with temperatures more than 2 °C above average across northern districts. Rainfall was above average across most of South Australia, with totals in excess of 200% of the seasonal average at locations across northern agricultral districts and pastoral districts, mainly due to rain events in late March and the first half of April. Several sites had record highest autumn daily rainfall totals from the early April rainfall event. Rainfall in the southeast of the state was near average though tending below average in some areas. The start to the cropping season came early for the northern agricultural districts due the early April rainfall, though areas further south on lower Eyre and Yorke Peninsulas, Kangaroo Island and the South East districts missed much of this rainfall, waiting until the 29th of April for significant rainfall to start the season.

  • Fourth-warmest autumn mean temperatures on record, with daytime and nighttime temperatures together being +1.6 °C warmer than average
  • Warmest autumn nights on record with nights +1.9 °C warmer than average
  • Rainfall above average across the state as a whole, the wettest since 2011
  • Several locations have their wettest autumn on record for at least 20 years
For further information on events throughout the season, please see the relevant Monthly Climate Summaries

Further information

Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (03) 9669 4057
Email media@bom.gov.au

Extremes in autumn 2014
Hottest day 41.0 °C at Marree Comparison on 10 Mar
Warmest days on average 30.7 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 17.7 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 7.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 2 May
Coldest night -1.3 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on 27 Apr
-1.3 °C at Coonawarra on 8 May
Coolest nights on average 9.1 °C at Coonawarra
9.1 °C at Padthaway South
Warmest nights on average 17.0 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 27.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 15 Mar
Warmest on average overall 23.8 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 14.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 248.8 mm at Parndana (Turkey Lane)
Driest overall 9.2 mm at Coulta (Coles Point)
Wettest day 115.0 mm at Coober Pedy Airport on 10 Apr
Highest wind gust 100 km/h at Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) on 11 Mar

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest autumn daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in autumn 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for autumn
Years of
record
Smoky Bay 60.0 on 10 Apr 44.2 on 11 Mar 1969 102
Kokatha 61.0 on 10 Apr 60.0 on 14 Mar 1989 84
Haslam 48.1 on 10 Apr 44.2 on 14 Mar 1971 53
Moonaree (Kangaroo Well) 75.6 on 10 Apr 75.0 on 1 Mar 1992 29
Coober Pedy Airport 115.0 on 10 Apr 46.2 on 2 May 2011 20



Record highest total autumn rainfall
Total rainfall
for autumn 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for autumn
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Moonaree (Kangaroo Well) 161.9 145.7 in 1989 28 48.3
Mintabie 126.8 98.6 in 1998 22 43.4
Clare High School 195.8 189.6 in 2000 20 115.5

Highest total autumn rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for autumn 2014 (mm)
Most recent autumn
at least this wet
Years since
wetter
Average for
autumn
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 188.1 238.6 in 1974* 39 67.8
Farrell Flat 205.8 248.8 in 1974* 39 102.8
Point Pass 195.9 301.4 in 1974* 39 95.1
Iron Knob 128.7 163.0 in 1974* 38 48.8
Sutherlands 139.8 191.0 in 1974* 35 64.0
Nonning 145.6 160.6 in 1983 31 54.3
Streaky Bay 129.0 256.3 in 1983 31 84.1
Robertstown 159.8 166.7 in 1983* 29 71.6
Mallala 147.4 205.3 in 1983* 28 97.4
Appila 142.2 198.9 in 1989 25 85.1
Blanchetown Lock 1 121.8 123.8 in 1989 25 65.1
Coober Pedy 138.4 311.2 in 1989 25 34.8
Hawker 135.1 295.4 in 1989 25 67.2
Mount Barry Station 57.4 326.0 in 1989 25 31.6
Orroroo (Black Rock) 120.8 191.8 in 1989 25 67.2
Wirrabara 169.0 180.5 in 1989 25 103.4
Yunta (Panaramitee) 112.6 207.2 in 1989 25 49.6
Blinman 135.6 155.6 in 1990 24 66.8
Blinman (Moolooloo) 117.8 157.6 in 1990 24 63.7
Bruce 155.8 206.9 in 1989* 24 57.3
Coondambo 108.2 210.8 in 1989* 24 38.8
Crystal Brook 154.8 181.5 in 1989* 24 89.6
Manna Hill 175.1 237.4 in 1989* 24 47.9
Mount Eba 65.2 351.2 in 1989* 24 32.8
Oodla Wirra 129.0 199.4 in 1989* 24 62.3
Oodla Wirra (McCoys Well) 127.1 217.2 in 1989* 24 50.0
Yongala 132.4 183.7 in 1989* 24 76.6
Beltana Station 90.4 299.1 in 1989* 23 48.8
Belton (Shadow Vale) 117.6 282.4 in 1989* 23 52.9
Orroroo 111.6 140.4 in 1990* 23 70.7
Alawoona 111.4 123.4 in 1992 22 62.6
Braemar 117.6 165.4 in 1989* 22 50.4
Eudunda 173.6 197.7 in 1992 22 99.4
Hallett 161.2 176.3 in 1989* 22 88.4
Port Germein 156.4 187.0 in 1992 22 81.0
Quorn 161.6 210.7 in 1992 22 70.5
Redhill 153.5 179.6 in 1992 22 95.6
Sedan (Sandleton) 126.0 169.4 in 1992 22 62.3
Booleroo Centre 143.8 163.4 in 1992* 21 83.4
Buckleboo (Karinya) 103.4 122.8 in 1992* 21 57.1
Mount Gambier Aero 209.2 252.2 in 1992* 21 160.7
Port Broughton 131.2 170.8 in 1992* 21 85.4
Whyte Yarcowie 108.6 122.6 in 1992* 21 72.1
Wilmington 207.0 212.2 in 1992* 21 95.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest autumn mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for autumn 2014 (°C)
Previous warmest
for autumn
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Yongala 9.9 9.7 in 2013 88 7.5
Oodnadatta Airport 16.8 16.7 in 1973 65 14.5
Andamooka 15.8 = 15.8 in 2013 42 14.1
Arkaroola 13.2 = 13.2 in 2007 35 11.3
Loxton Research Centre 10.8 10.6 in 2007 29 8.9



Summary statistics for autumn 2014
Maximum temperatures
for autumn
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for autumn
(°C)
Rainfall
for autumn
(millimetres)
Mean for
autumn
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
autumn
2014
Mean for
autumn
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
autumn
2014
Total for
autumn
2014
Average
for
autumn
Rank of
autumn
2014
Fraction of
autumn
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 28.0 +0.7 38.5 11 Mar 15.8 +1.7 8.0 5 May 97.0 45.4 high 214%
Coober Pedy Airport 27.6   39.1 1 Apr 16.0   7.7 31 May 176.2
Ernabella (Pukatja) 27.6   37.9 14 Mar 14.1   5.2 29 May 78.0
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 28.1   39.7 11 Mar 14.3   5.9 4 May 67.0
Tarcoola Aero 27.7   40.4 10 Mar 14.3   7.0 29 May 66.0
Woomera Aerodrome 26.8 +1.3 39.2 11 Mar 14.8 +1.7 6.7 3 May 64.8 43.7 high 148%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 26.2 +1.1 38.9 5 Mar 13.2 +1.9 2.5 4 May 84.4 63.0 high 134%
Leigh Creek Airport 27.3 +1.1 38.7 11 Mar 14.5 +1.5 3.3 4 May 81.6 49.4 high 165%
Marree Aero 29.1   38.6 10 Mar 15.3   6.3 4 May 53.2
Marree Comparison 30.2 +1.7 41.0 10 Mar     8.0 4 May 57.5 38.7 high 149%
Moomba Airport 30.7   39.4 9 Mar 17.0   6.3 4 May 18.2
Oodnadatta Airport 29.8 +1.3 40.7 14 Mar 16.8 +2.3 8.2 29 May 52.6 38.3 high 137%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 24.9 +0.9 40.1 1 Apr 12.2 +1.4 4.6 23 Apr 111.6 68.7 high 162%
Cleve 23.3 +0.8 36.5 9 Mar 13.9 +1.6 6.5 4 May 97.0 91.1 average 106%
Cleve Aerodrome 23.7   37.5 1 Apr 13.7   6.7 4 May 85.0 85.5 average 99%
Cummins Aero 24.2   38.6 1 Apr 11.4   3.1 23 Apr 96.4
Elliston 22.8 +0.8 36.8 1 Apr 13.2 +0.9 5.6 4 May 112.2 94.8 high 118%
Kimba 23.8 +0.1 37.0 10 Mar 12.1 +0.9 6.0 4 May 101.8 75.3 high 135%
Kyancutta 26.1 +0.7 39.4 10 Mar 11.4 +1.7 3.6 4 May 83.1 66.4 high 125%
Minnipa Pirsa 24.9   37.9 10 Mar 12.9   6.8 3 May 139.8
Neptune Island 20.1 +0.6 27.0 1 Apr 15.7 +0.8 9.9 3 May 113.0 105.7 average 107%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 23.0 +1.0 38.4 1 Apr 13.2 +0.8 6.7 4 May 122.0 84.3 v high 145%
Nullarbor 25.0 +0.7 39.0 9 Mar 13.0 +1.4 7.1 1 May 81.8 73.9 average 111%
Port Augusta Aero 26.0   40.5 10 Mar 13.8   4.4 3 May 139.8
Streaky Bay 24.8 +1.1 36.4 9 Mar 13.9 +1.1 9.3 5 Apr 129.0 84.1 high 153%
Whyalla Aero 24.2 +0.2 38.2 1 Apr 13.3 +1.3 4.2 4 May 109.8 67.4 v high 163%
Wudinna Aero 25.6   39.5 10 Mar 11.6   4.5 14 Apr 97.0
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 25.3 +0.1 36.3 10 Mar 12.5 +1.5 1.0 4 May 135.1 67.2 v high 201%
Yongala 22.3 +0.2 34.3 10 Mar 9.9 +2.4 2.0 8 May 132.4 76.6 v high 173%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 25.1   38.7 10 Mar 10.6   0.0 8 May 77.3
Yunta Airstrip 24.7   37.5 11 Mar 11.2   0.5 4 May 122.8
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 21.8   34.7 1 Apr 10.2   0.0 4 May 195.8 115.5 highest 170%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 25.0   37.9 9 Mar 12.8   4.5 4 May 132.8
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 24.8   37.6 1 Apr 10.5   1.2 4 May 109.4
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 21.6 +0.6 37.9 1 Apr 13.6 +0.4 5.4 4 May 86.4 88.1 average 98%
Kadina AWS 24.1   36.6 9 Mar 11.6   3.4 4 May 132.4
Maitland 23.3 +1.1 35.5 1 Apr 13.5 +1.2 5.2 4 May 137.2 126.7 average 108%
Minlaton Aero 23.1   36.9 1 Apr 12.8   4.6 4 May 104.0
Stenhouse Bay 21.6   34.5 1 Apr 14.4   8.5 2 May 120.4
Warooka 22.1 +0.2 34.6 9 Mar 13.3 +0.7 6.6 4 May 107.8 103.3 average 104%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 20.0   29.3 4 Mar 12.6   7.4 2 May 168.0
Cape Willoughby 19.6 +0.7 31.1 4 Mar 14.8 +0.7 8.1 3 May 88.4 122.4 low 72%
Kingscote Aero 22.2   35.2 9 Mar 10.3   2.0 25 Apr 90.2 100.7 average 90%
Parndana Cfs AWS 20.8   33.5 4 Mar 11.1   4.0 4 May 151.8
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 23.6 +0.9 36.8 1 Apr 13.6 +1.0 5.9 4 May 134.0 126.9 average 105%
Adelaide Airport 23.1 +1.0 35.2 9 Mar 13.0 +1.1 5.2 8 May 113.0 111.2 average 102%
Edinburgh RAAF 23.8 +0.8 37.9 1 Apr 12.6 +0.8 4.4 8 May 99.4 101.2 average 98%
Parafield Airport 24.1 +1.3 37.8 1 Apr 12.4 +0.5 4.8 23 Apr 100.8 110.1 average 92%
Roseworthy AWS 24.4   38.1 1 Apr 11.8   3.3 22 Mar 108.6
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 21.8   35.6 1 Apr 10.1   0.2 4 May 105.8
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 23.4 +0.4 37.4 1 Apr 11.4 +0.6 2.3 3 May 139.7 110.4 high 127%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 22.0   37.1 1 Apr 13.1   5.0 8 May 67.0
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 20.1   34.2 1 Apr 11.8   5.2 8 May 154.2
Mount Barker 21.5 +1.0 35.1 1 Apr 10.5 +2.0 2.7 8 May 133.4 177.0 low 75%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 19.5   33.8 1 Apr 11.2   4.3 3 May 146.0 140.9 average 104%
Mount Lofty 17.7   30.5 1 Apr 10.3   3.7 3 May 208.6
Noarlunga 22.5   34.8 9 Mar 14.1   7.3 8 May 119.8
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 18.7   32.4 1 Apr 11.9   6.0 3 May 233.4 192.2 high 121%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 21.8   36.7 1 Apr 11.5   3.1 8 May 101.2
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 24.3 +0.4 37.4 10 Mar 10.8 +1.9 2.1 8 May 80.0 53.1 high 151%
Renmark Aero 24.8   38.4 10 Mar 11.1   2.4 7 May 60.8
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 21.8 +0.5 35.0 1 Apr 11.1 +1.2 3.2 8 May 173.6 99.4 v high 175%
Meningie 22.0 +0.6 36.1 9 Mar 11.4 +0.7 3.9 8 May 120.8 114.6 average 105%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 23.3   37.8 1 Apr 10.3   1.1 8 May 85.2
Murray Bridge Comparison 24.0 +0.7 38.4 1 Apr 11.4 +1.0 2.7 8 May 88.9 84.5 average 105%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 22.5   37.1 1 Apr 11.8   2.6 8 May 85.2
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 23.7   37.0 9 Mar 10.5   2.1 8 May 91.2 77.3 average 118%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 23.4 +0.8 36.8 1 Apr 10.4 +0.9 1.5 27 Apr 81.1 106.1 average 76%
Keith (Munkora) 23.9   37.8 9 Mar 9.3   -0.8 27 Apr 82.0
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 23.7   37.3 9 Mar     1.9 27 Apr 88.4
Lameroo Comparison 23.7 +0.7 36.5 9 Mar 11.2 +2.0 3.6 8 May 105.8 85.4 high 124%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 20.1 +0.2 33.4 9 Mar 11.3 +0.5 2.8 25 Apr 132.4 107.7 high 123%
Coonawarra 21.8 +0.7 36.2 1 Apr 9.1 +0.9 -1.3 8 May 110.1 113.8 average 97%
Mount Gambier Aero 20.6 +1.0 35.8 1 Apr 9.9 +1.0 1.6 8 May 209.2 160.7 high 130%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 22.9   36.9 1 Apr 9.2   -1.3 27 Apr 94.6
Padthaway South 22.6   36.2 1 Apr 9.1   -0.8 27 Apr 68.4
Robe Airfield 20.5   32.7 1 Apr 9.9   1.9 7 May 140.4
Robe Comparison 19.2 +0.4 26.8 4 Mar 12.1 +0.6 4.7 8 May 134.7 145.8 average 92%

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Monday 2 June 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Bureau of Meteorology
Phone (03) 9669 4057
Email media@bom.gov.au