South Australia in spring 2014: Record warmth across the state

Spring 2014 saw persistently warm conditions, particularly across the north of the state, with maximum temperatures 3.0 °C above average for South Australia, and minimum temperatures 1.3 °C above average. This resulted in South Australia having the warmest spring on record with the average of both maximum and minimum temperatures +2.2 °C above normal, and surpassing the previous record set in 2006 when temperatures were 2.0 °C above average for November.

Spring was very dry with the statewide rainfall 55% below normal, and the 14th driest spring since statewide rainfall totals commence in 1900. Rainfall across agricultral districts was very much below average with some locations experiencing lowest spring rainfall on record. Rainfall was generally below average through all of the spring months, with October being particulary dry for the entire state which was the driest October on record for South Australia.

  • Very dry across agricultural districts, with record lowest spring rainfall at several locations.
  • Warmest spring on record for South Australia.
  • 14th driest spring on record for the state.

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Extremes in spring 2014
Hottest day 46.1 °C at Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) on 22 Nov
Warmest days on average 33.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 18.7 °C at Neptune Island
Coldest day 9.0 °C at Mount Lofty on 18 Sep
Coldest night -2.3 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome on 19 Sep
Coolest nights on average 6.9 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 16.5 °C at Moomba Airport
16.5 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Warmest night 32.8 °C at Moomba Airport on 23 Nov
Warmest on average overall 24.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 117.4 mm at Crafers West
Wettest day 30.0 mm at Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) on 16 Nov
Strongest wind gust 135 km/h at Coober Pedy Airport on 31 Oct

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest spring total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Farrell Flat 32.4 34.5 in 1888 136 124.5
Wirrabara 36.4 39.3 in 1896 136 129.1
Cape Willoughby 29.2 37.7 in 1938 133 125.2
Macclesfield 57.8 72.0 in 1982 129 186.3
Woodside 62.4 64.8 in 1896 119 199.0
Gulnare 29.5 31.2 in 2006 109 127.7
Robertstown 21.8 24.4 in 1967 108 95.1
Kalangadoo 56.8 58.3 in 1967 99 187.3
Waddikee 19.8 20.9 in 1963 88 85.9
Owen 36.2 39.6 in 1938 81 114.2
Parawa (Sharon) 74.7 79.6 in 2006 73 211.3
Price 27.2 28.2 in 1982 71 85.4
Hilltown 37.0 39.4 in 1982 55 124.5
Lenswood Research Centre 81.4 85.2 in 1982 46 238.0
Lucindale (Greenvale) 31.4 55.2 in 1995 46 129.6
Williamstown (South Para Reservoir) 66.2 66.8 in 2006 46 168.3
Cowell (Winter Springs) 20.8 25.4 in 2006 44 86.8
Aldgate 104.2 104.6 in 1982 43 251.8
Mount Schank (Jethia) 61.4 93.4 in 2006 43 179.8
Coonawarra 49.2 62.0 in 2006 29 140.5
Clare High School 40.2 55.4 in 2006 21 139.6
Edithburgh 19.4 26.2 in 2006 21 86.6
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 48.8 62.6 in 2012 21 149.1
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 70.2 70.6 in 2006 21 185.8

Lowest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
spring
Kapunda 37.3 31.9 in 1896 118 131.5
Yorketown 28.0 24.9 in 1896 118 99.0
Tarlee 39.6 29.1 in 1896* 117 127.1
Warooka 22.8 20.8 in 1896* 117 103.6
Wirrabara Forest 43.0 32.0 in 1898* 113 177.3
Lobethal 74.6 69.9 in 1914* 99 213.3
Mount Hope (Fairview) 21.0 20.8 in 1927* 86 85.5
Peake 36.1 22.8 in 1938* 74 103.8
Manoora 41.0 39.4 in 1938* 72 133.5
Gawler Council Depot 42.2 26.7 in 1896* 67 118.7
Lock 22.4 16.8 in 1963* 49 95.1
Mount Gambier Aero 75.0 56.9 in 1967 47 179.6
Strathalbyn 48.2 43.0 in 1967 47 124.3
Truro 37.3 35.0 in 1967 47 129.3
Port Wakefield 33.8 27.9 in 1967* 46 83.1
Lucindale Post Office 44.2 42.3 in 1967* 45 145.7
Penola Post Office 59.0 42.2 in 1967* 45 168.2
Wrattonbully (Joeville) 52.4 45.3 in 1967* 45 160.7
Hamley Bridge 41.8 35.8 in 1967* 44 112.8
Stockport (Clifton) 42.6 35.8 in 1967* 42 130.6
Cleve 35.0 27.9 in 1982 32 105.3
Darke Peak 20.0 19.6 in 1982 32 95.1
Karoonda 33.3 26.9 in 1982 32 90.8
Mintaro 61.2 57.2 in 1967* 31 159.6
Mount Compass 77.6 75.1 in 1982* 31 194.5
Uraidla 98.5 96.0 in 1982* 31 254.4
Point Pass 41.6 38.0 in 1982* 30 118.1
Port Broughton 26.8 25.0 in 1982* 30 88.9
Whyte Yarcowie 24.2 22.6 in 1982* 30 94.1
Willunga 52.6 51.8 in 1982* 29 153.1
Poochera 17.8 16.0 in 1982* 26 74.9
Bute 28.4 28.0 in 1987* 25 100.2
Balaklava 28.5 26.6 in 1987* 24 99.4
Two Wells 48.0 44.9 in 1990* 22 98.2
Kingscote 35.4 20.7 in 1982* 21 106.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest spring temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Andamooka 45.7 on 22 Nov 45.1 on 16 Nov 2009 46 28.2
Coonawarra 37.8 on 30 Nov 37.6 on 30 Nov 2006 30 19.6
Marla Police Station 45.0 on 22 Nov 44.4 on 27 Nov 1996 30 30.0



Record highest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Barker 22.9 22.4 in 2006 112 19.5
Streaky Bay 25.6 25.2 in 2007 87 22.9
Kyancutta 28.4 27.9 in 2006 84 25.2
Cleve 25.0 24.8 in 1988 73 22.2
Mount Gambier Aero 20.9 20.1 in 2009 72 18.1
Woomera Aerodrome 29.4 29.0 in 2006 65 26.3
Oodnadatta Airport 33.0 = 33.0 in 2013 64 30.2
Keith 24.4 24.2 in 2006 60 21.7
Parafield Airport 25.0 = 25.0 in 2006 57 22.0
Warooka 22.9 22.1 in 2009 54 20.7
Elliston 24.1 23.7 in 2006 51 21.4
Meningie 23.3 22.3 in 2009 48 20.6
Cape Willoughby 19.3 19.0 in 2009 47 17.5
Kimba 26.7 26.2 in 2006 46 23.7
Andamooka 30.5 30.4 in 2012 44 28.2
Edinburgh RAAF 24.8 = 24.8 in 2009 41 22.3
Hawker 28.4 28.2 in 2006 39 25.7
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.5 24.2 in 2006 37 22.1
Arkaroola 29.1 29.0 in 2012 36 26.7
Maitland 24.2 23.6 in 2007 33 21.4
Loxton Research Centre 26.3 26.2 in 2007 30 24.2
Whyalla Aero 26.1 25.9 in 2013 29 24.0
Coonawarra 22.2 21.8 in 2006 28 19.6
Nullarbor 26.7 25.9 in 2007 26 24.3
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 20.2 19.7 in 2006 22 18.7
Coulta (Coles Point) 23.2 22.8 in 2007 22 21.2
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 22.9 22.5 in 2006 22 20.8
Edithburgh 22.0 21.6 in 2006 21 20.1
Clare High School 23.8 23.7 in 2006 20 21.0
Coober Pedy Airport 31.1 = 31.1 in 2012 20 28.7
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 21.0 20.9 in 2006 20 18.4
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 19.1 18.6 in 2006 20 16.8



Record highest spring daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Clare High School 23.5 on 13 Nov 23.2 on 20 Nov 2009 21 8.3
Moomba Airport 32.8 on 23 Nov 32.0 on 2 Nov 1995 20 15.8



Record highest spring mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Neptune Island 13.8 = 13.8 in 2003 51 12.5



Record highest spring mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Barker 15.8 15.3 in 2009 111 13.4
Kyancutta 18.9 18.5 in 2006 84 16.9
Cleve 18.5 18.0 in 2006 73 16.3
Woomera Aerodrome 21.6 21.3 in 2006 65 19.3
Keith 16.7 16.6 in 2009 59 15.1
Warooka 17.1 16.9 in 2009 53 15.5
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 17.1 = 17.1 in 2007 52 15.4
Elliston 18.1 17.9 in 2009 51 16.3
Neptune Island 16.2 = 16.2 in 2009 51 15.1
Eudunda 16.4 = 16.4 in 2006 49 14.5
Cape Willoughby 16.0 15.9 in 2009 47 14.6
Andamooka 22.6 22.5 in 2012 44 20.9
Maitland 17.7 17.6 in 2009 33 15.8
Whyalla Aero 18.8 = 18.8 in 2013 29 17.5
Nullarbor 18.9 18.5 in 2013 25 17.3
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 15.1 = 15.1 in 2000 22 14.1
Coulta (Coles Point) 17.2 16.9 in 2009 22 15.8
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.4 16.3 in 2006 22 15.3
Edithburgh 16.9 16.3 in 2006 21 15.5
Clare High School 16.2 16.1 in 2006 20 14.6
Coober Pedy Airport 23.2 23.1 in 2006 20 21.5
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 14.5 14.4 in 2009 20 13.0

Highest spring mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
spring
Yongala 16.0 16.3 in 1944* 67 14.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for spring 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2014
Mean for
spring
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2014
Total for
spring
2014
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2014
Fraction of
spring
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 30.5 +2.3 45.7 22 Nov 14.8 +1.1 6.1 2 Sep 19.7 45.3 low 43%
Coober Pedy Airport 31.1 +2.4 44.4 22 Nov 15.2 +0.9 5.2 2 Sep 12.0 32.6 low 37%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 31.4 +2.5 41.2 13 Nov 15.9 +2.1 6.1 11 Sep 11.6 58.0 v low 20%
Mount Ive     39.2 13 Nov 10.9   1.2 13 Oct 23.6 64.7 low 36%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 30.7 +2.2 46.1 22 Nov 13.7 +1.0 1.9 3 Sep 19.0 37.8 average 50%
Tarcoola Aero 30.8 +2.4 42.3 13 Nov 12.9 +0.8 1.0 2 Sep 24.2 43.7 average 55%
Woomera Aerodrome 29.4 +3.1 43.0 22 Nov 13.9 +1.5 4.7 2 Sep 19.0 46.5 low 41%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 29.1 +2.4 42.0 22 Nov 11.9 +0.3 2.2 6 Sep 36.2 51.6 average 70%
Leigh Creek Airport 29.7 +2.7 40.7 14 Nov 13.8 +1.1 3.3 3 Sep 23.0 53.1 low 43%
Marree Aero 32.0 +2.0 45.9 22 Nov 14.5 +0.3 5.1 3 Sep 21.6 33.5 average 64%
Moomba Airport 32.7 +2.0 45.1 14 Nov 16.5 +0.7 5.4 3 Sep 8.4 43.8 average 19%
Oodnadatta Airport 33.0 +2.8 45.5 22 Nov 16.5 +1.4 4.1 3 Sep 9.4 35.9 low 26%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 26.5 +2.7 43.7 7 Nov 10.6 +0.6 -0.1 14 Oct 18.0 71.4 v low 25%
Cleve 25.0 +2.8 38.9 13 Nov 12.0 +1.7 4.7 2 Sep 35.0 105.3 v low 33%
Cleve Aerodrome 25.1 +2.1 39.2 13 Nov 10.7 +0.4 3.8 19 Sep 29.4 85.2 v low 35%
Coulta (Coles Point) 23.2 +2.0 39.0 7 Nov 11.1 +0.7 1.8 19 Sep 30.6 72.2 low 42%
Cummins Aero 25.4   40.8 7 Nov 8.9   0.0 15 Oct 26.0
Elliston 24.1 +2.7 40.4 7 Nov 12.2 +1.0 4.2 15 Oct 24.7 88.8 v low 28%
Kimba 26.7 +3.0 38.2 13 Nov 9.9 +0.5 3.5 2 Sep 28.2 90.1 v low 31%
Kyancutta 28.4 +3.2 39.9 7 Nov 9.4 +0.9 0.2 15 Oct 19.7 78.1 v low 25%
Minnipa Pirsa 27.3 +2.1 39.9 7 Nov 10.9 +0.6 1.6 2 Sep 25.6 64.2 low 40%
Neptune Island 18.7 +1.1 25.6 18 Oct 13.8 +1.3 9.5 13 Oct 35.6 91.0 v low 39%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 22.9 +2.1 40.5 7 Nov 10.0 +0.1 3.2 18 Sep 26.6 82.9 v low 32%
Nullarbor 26.7 +2.4 40.5 7 Nov 11.1 +0.9 3.2 15 Oct 38.4 52.9 average 73%
Port Augusta Aero 28.5 +1.4 43.3 13 Nov 12.2 +0.3 3.9 13 Sep 25.2 56.1 low 45%
Streaky Bay 25.6 +2.7 39.0 20 Oct 12.6 +1.1 5.1 19 Sep 25.0 79.9 v low 31%
Whyalla Aero 26.1 +2.1 42.2 13 Nov 11.5 +0.6 3.0 22 Sep 33.2 70.2 low 47%
Wudinna Aero 28.3 +2.5 40.6 13 Nov 9.4 +0.1 0.5 15 Oct 21.4 59.0 v low 36%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 28.4 +2.7 41.5 22 Nov 10.4 +0.4 0.5 14 Oct 75.0 75.2 average 100%
Yongala 24.7 +2.8 38.7 13 Nov 7.3 +0.9 -1.4 14 Oct 35.6 99.0 v low 36%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 27.6 +1.9 41.9 13 Nov 8.5 -0.7 -1.0 6 Sep 50.2 73.7 average 68%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 23.8 +2.8 37.7 13 Nov 8.7 +0.4 0.4 15 Oct 40.2 139.6 lowest 29%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 26.7   40.9 13 Nov 10.3   2.0 13 Sep 36.7
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 26.5 +2.2 40.6 13 Nov 7.4 -0.2 -1.3 15 Oct 34.6 93.4 v low 37%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 22.0 +1.9 38.1 13 Nov 11.7 +0.8 3.7 13 Sep 19.4 86.6 lowest 22%
Kadina AWS 25.3   40.2 13 Nov 8.3   0.6 16 Oct 26.0 70.0 low 37%
Maitland 24.2 +2.8 38.0 13 Nov 11.4 +1.2 4.6 16 Oct 49.6 118.6 v low 42%
Minlaton Aero 24.2 +1.8 38.7 21 Oct 10.3 +0.6 2.1 18 Sep 35.4 81.9 v low 43%
Stenhouse Bay 21.4 +1.4 37.2 7 Nov 12.7 +0.8 6.8 3 Sep 37.6 94.3 v low 40%
Warooka 22.9 +2.2 35.2 21 Oct 11.2 +0.9 5.2 2 Sep 22.8 103.6 v low 22%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 19.2 +0.8 31.0 12 Nov 11.0 +0.6 5.2 13 Sep 38.4 103.2 v low 37%
Cape Willoughby 19.3 +1.8 30.3 21 Oct 12.8 +1.2 9.0 18 Sep 29.2 125.2 lowest 23%
Kingscote Aero 22.1 +1.8 33.8 21 Oct 7.4 -0.3 0.4 19 Sep 34.4 96.6 v low 36%
Parndana Cfs AWS 20.6   34.0 7 Nov 8.7   2.7 3 Sep 50.2
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 24.5 +2.4 38.8 13 Nov 12.5 +0.7 5.1 15 Oct 60.8 131.7 low 46%
Adelaide Airport 23.3 +2.3 37.8 13 Nov 11.7 +0.9 4.1 5 Sep 53.8 106.5 low 51%
Edinburgh RAAF 24.8 +2.5 40.6 13 Nov 10.7 +0.4 2.3 18 Sep 39.0 108.6 v low 36%
Parafield Airport 25.0 +3.0 39.3 13 Nov 11.0 +0.6 1.8 15 Oct 46.2 110.8 v low 42%
Roseworthy AWS 25.9 +2.3 42.6 13 Nov 8.2 -0.1 -1.3 15 Oct 53.0 101.5 low 52%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 23.7 +2.4 38.9 13 Nov 8.7 +0.1 -1.0 15 Oct 52.4 123.9 v low 42%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 25.0 +3.0 41.4 13 Nov 9.1 +0.4 -1.2 15 Oct 68.5 125.2 low 55%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 22.6 +1.7 38.4 13 Nov 11.7 +0.6 4.7 20 Sep 51.2 88.5 low 58%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 21.0 +2.1 35.5 13 Nov 10.2 +0.7 4.7 2 Sep 59.2 154.5 v low 38%
Mount Barker 22.9 +3.4 37.0 13 Nov 8.8 +1.5 1.9 3 Sep 77.0 190.8 v low 40%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 21.0 +2.6 35.6 13 Nov 9.3 +0.5 3.1 15 Oct 48.8 149.1 lowest 33%
Mount Lofty 18.8 +4.0 32.7 13 Nov 8.7 +1.2 2.9 19 Sep 103.2
Noarlunga 23.4 +1.9 37.4 21 Oct 12.7 +0.8 5.9 3 Sep 46.8 102.2 low 46%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 19.1 +2.3 33.6 21 Oct 10.0 +0.8 5.1 13 Oct 70.2 185.8 lowest 38%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 22.1 +1.7 37.9 13 Nov 9.6 +0.2 1.9 22 Sep 66.6 125.5 v low 53%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 26.3 +2.1 40.7 30 Nov 9.0 +0.3 1.2 22 Sep 31.6 70.9 low 45%
Renmark Aero 27.2 +1.8 41.8 30 Nov 9.2 -0.1 -0.3 20 Sep 30.8 69.7 low 44%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 23.8 +3.0 38.2 13 Nov 9.0 +0.7 1.9 18 Sep 53.0 118.4 v low 45%
Meningie 23.3 +2.7 36.8 13 Nov 10.5 +0.8 2.4 3 Oct 47.9 114.2 v low 42%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 25.2   40.8 13 Nov 7.6   -2.2 22 Sep 47.2
Strathalbyn Racecourse 23.7 +2.3 39.2 13 Nov 9.9 +0.7 2.6 19 Sep 40.6 106.3 v low 38%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 25.4 +1.5 39.9 13 Nov 8.7 +0.1 0.6 3 Sep 33.3 90.8 v low 37%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 24.4 +2.7 40.0 30 Nov 8.9 +0.5 0.1 19 Sep 36.0 123.0 v low 29%
Keith (Munkora) 24.6 +2.0 41.2 30 Nov 6.9 +0.3 -2.1 15 Oct 37.8 92.5 v low 41%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 25.2 +1.5 41.1 30 Nov 7.8 +0.1 -0.4 14 Oct 37.0 73.5 low 50%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 20.2 +1.5 35.3 13 Nov 10.1 +0.6 3.9 3 Sep 55.6 105.8 low 53%
Coonawarra 22.2 +2.6 37.8 30 Nov 7.3 -0.2 -0.9 20 Sep 49.2 140.5 lowest 35%
Mount Gambier Aero 20.9 +2.8 37.4 30 Nov 7.7 +0.4 -1.7 21 Sep 75.0 179.6 v low 42%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 23.3 +2.4 39.6 30 Nov 7.1 -0.2 -2.3 19 Sep 37.2 122.7 v low 30%
Padthaway South 23.2 +2.3 38.2 30 Nov 7.9 -0.4 -0.6 19 Sep 48.0 108.4 low 44%
Robe Airfield 20.4 +1.4 35.3 30 Nov 9.0 0.0 -0.2 19 Sep 65.0 115.0 low 57%

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 1 December 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries