South Australia in winter 2014: Below average rainfall with cold nights and frosts

South Australia had a generally dry winter. Dry conditions were present across the Northwest pastoral and central districts. Below average falls were also recorded across coastal areas and the southeast and Murray Valley districts. The state-wide average rainfall of 35 mm for winter was 37% below the long-term average. Dry conditions were experienced in June across the Pastoral districts, while Agricultural areas experienced average to above average June rainfall. Below average rainfall continued through July for northeast Pastoral areas with average to above average elsewhere across the State. Very little rainfall was recorded through August with dry conditions extending across the Agricultural districts, but a widespread rainfall event over the northeast saw some Pastoral districts receive their most significant rainfall for the season.

Daytime temperatures were generally warmer that average across the west, northern Pastoral and through the southeast districts. Across South Australia as a whole, maximum temperatures were 0.8 °C above the long term average (18.8 °C). Nights were generally cooler than average, particularly across the far north and central districts were minimum temperatures tended very much below average. A cold spell during August saw several locations observed their coldest August nights on record, with central districts experiencing widespread frosts. Across South Australia as a whole, minimum temperatures were 0.1°C above the long term average (5.7 °C).

  • Below average winter rainfall
  • Days a little milder than usual
  • Cold nights, especially in August

Further information

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Extremes in winter 2014
Hottest day 32.4 °C at Nullarbor on 30 Aug
Warmest days on average 21.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 10.5 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 5.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 9 Jul
Coldest night -6.6 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 6 Aug
Coolest nights on average 2.7 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 12.2 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.0 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 23 Jul
Warmest on average overall 13.9 °C at Neptune Island
Coolest on average overall 8.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 525.4 mm at Uraidla
Driest overall 1.0 mm at Oodnadatta Airport
Wettest day 76.0 mm at Port Lincoln (Woolga) on 13 Jun
Highest wind gust 124 km/h at Neptune Island on 22 Jun

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest winter daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in winter 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for winter
Years of
record
Port Lincoln (Woolga) 76.0 on 13 Jun 72.1 on 16 Jun 1955 124
Yallunda Flat (Meetigilly) 75.0 on 13 Jun 67.8 on 12 Aug 1932 100
Koppio 65.0 on 13 Jun 56.1 on 15 Jun 1955 99
Butler (Moody Vale) 48.4 on 9 Jul 32.3 on 27 Aug 1973 46
Lock (Terrah Winds) 67.0 on 14 Jun 45.2 on 2 Jun 1989 46
Coffin Bay 54.4 on 13 Jun 46.0 on 2 Jul 2011 28
Wanilla 62.0 on 13 Jun 45.7 on 2 Jul 1968 24
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 45.8 on 13 Jun 41.0 on 22 Jul 1995 21




Lowest total winter rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for winter 2014 (mm)
Most recent winter
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
winter
Iron Knob 15.5 14.8 in 1944* 67 60.0
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 28.4 19.0 in 1982* 31 69.3
Paruna 39.2 37.2 in 1982* 28 88.1
Cowell 43.8 36.4 in 1988* 21 81.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest winter temperature
Lowest temperature
in winter 2014 (°C)
Previous coolest
for winter
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Hawker -5.5 on 5 Aug -4.7 on 20 Jul 1976 41 4.2



Summary statistics for winter 2014
Maximum temperatures
for winter
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for winter
(°C)
Rainfall
for winter
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2014
Mean for
winter
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2014
Total for
winter
2014
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2014
Fraction of
winter
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 19.5 +0.3 25.7 23 Aug 6.8 +0.1 0.0 3 Aug 4.3 40.9 v low 11%
Coober Pedy Airport 19.4   26.4 23 Aug 6.5   1.8 10 Jul 4.0 23.8 low 17%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 18.8   25.7 22 Jun 4.1   -2.1 4 Aug 11.4
Mount Ive 17.9   25.3 27 Aug 4.4   -2.3 2 Aug 46.1 74.9 low 62%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 19.7   26.1 31 Jul 4.5   -3.9 3 Aug 9.8
Tarcoola Aero 19.9   27.3 30 Aug 5.0   -0.9 4 Aug 14.4
Woomera Aerodrome 18.7 +1.0 25.7 30 Aug 6.4 0.0 1.4 5 Aug 7.2 44.1 v low 16%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 17.5 0.0 24.5 23 Aug     -2.0 3 Aug 69.3 44.8 high 155%
Leigh Creek Airport 18.2 +0.6 25.4 30 Aug 5.1 -0.3 0.3 3 Aug 5.0 48.9 v low 10%
Marree Aero 20.3   27.0 31 Jul 5.2   -1.6 3 Aug 27.2
Moomba Airport 20.6   26.7 31 Jul 6.3   0.7 11 Jul 2.0
Oodnadatta Airport 21.0 +0.4 27.5 31 Jul 6.0 -0.6 -0.2 4 Aug 1.0 29.3 v low 3%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 18.5 +0.4 28.3 30 Aug 5.9 -0.2 -1.5 4 Aug 95.0 109.5 average 87%
Cleve 16.3 +0.3 25.5 28 Aug 8.0 +0.5 2.0 12 Aug 123.8 141.3 average 88%
Cleve Aerodrome 16.4   25.3 28 Aug 7.8   1.6 12 Aug 105.8 130.7 low 81%
Cummins Aero 16.3   25.2 30 Aug 6.1   -0.1 4 Aug 209.4
Elliston 17.2 +0.3 26.0 30 Aug 8.4 +0.2 1.0 4 Aug 188.4 202.8 average 93%
Kimba 16.2 0.0 24.5 29 Aug 5.2 -0.3 0.8 3 Aug 98.0 123.6 average 79%
Kyancutta 18.2 +0.3 26.8 28 Aug 4.9 -0.1 -3.2 12 Aug 91.7 117.9 average 78%
Minnipa Pirsa 16.6   24.6 27 Aug 6.5   0.5 18 Aug 134.6
Neptune Island 15.7 +0.2 19.1 30 Aug 12.2 +0.6 7.7 9 Jul 168.2 206.8 low 81%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.4 -0.2 24.4 30 Aug 7.7 -0.1 3.1 2 Aug 163.2 169.0 average 97%
Nullarbor 19.4 +0.5 32.4 30 Aug 6.0 +0.3 -0.1 3 Aug 73.4 82.0 average 90%
Port Augusta Aero 18.5   27.4 29 Aug 4.4   -4.5 3 Aug 30.0
Streaky Bay 18.0 +0.9 25.9 28 Aug 9.0 +0.2 2.7 13 Jul 140.3 173.4 average 81%
Whyalla Aero 17.7 +0.1 26.7 30 Aug 5.4 -0.3 -2.0 3 Aug 39.0 71.3 low 55%
Wudinna Aero 17.5   26.3 28 Aug 5.1   -2.7 13 Aug 103.2
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 16.5 -0.2 25.0 30 Aug 3.4 -0.8 -5.5 5 Aug 55.8 103.3 low 54%
Yongala 13.8 +0.2 22.5 30 Aug 2.7 +0.2 -4.8 5 Aug
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 17.6   26.5 30 Aug 3.6   -5.7 6 Aug 55.3
Yunta Airstrip 16.2   23.9 30 Aug 3.1   -6.6 6 Aug 31.6
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.6 +0.1 22.1 29 Aug 4.7 +0.2 -2.7 5 Aug 238.8 200.8 average 119%
Port Pirie Aerodrome 17.4   25.8 29 Aug 5.6   -2.3 3 Aug 57.6
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 15.9   23.5 29 Aug 4.4   -2.7 4 Aug 132.6
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.5 -0.1 23.7 30 Aug 8.3 +0.4 0.8 4 Aug 189.2 155.3 high 122%
Kadina AWS 15.9   23.9 30 Aug 5.1   -2.5 4 Aug 93.8
Maitland 15.5 +0.4 24.0 29 Aug 7.9 +0.5 2.5 2 Aug 181.7 196.7 average 92%
Minlaton Aero 15.6   23.3 29 Aug 7.0   0.6 4 Aug 117.4
Stenhouse Bay 16.2   25.1 29 Aug 10.0   4.3 3 Aug 167.8
Warooka 15.9 +0.4 22.4 29 Aug 8.3 +0.3 2.4 4 Aug 151.8 190.0 low 80%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.8   19.1 29 Aug 9.3   3.4 12 Aug 254.0
Cape Willoughby 14.9 +0.4 20.7 30 Aug 10.8 +0.7 5.8 1 Aug 177.1 231.0 low 77%
Kingscote Aero 16.0 +0.1 21.6 30 Aug 6.6 +0.4 -1.1 4 Aug 162.4 187.6 average 87%
Parndana Cfs AWS 14.5   21.2 29 Aug 7.2   1.7 11 Aug 248.0
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 16.3 +0.3 25.0 30 Aug 8.1 +0.1 0.9 4 Aug 224.6 224.5 average 100%
Adelaide Airport 15.9 +0.3 23.2 30 Aug 7.4 0.0 0.5 4 Aug 157.0 166.5 average 94%
Edinburgh RAAF 16.1 +0.2 24.6 29 Aug 6.2 -0.3 -0.7 4 Aug 153.6 157.6 average 97%
Parafield Airport 16.4 +0.7 25.2 30 Aug 6.3 -0.4 -1.3 4 Aug 157.8 166.9 average 95%
Roseworthy AWS 16.0   25.0 29 Aug 5.6   -0.9 11 Aug 111.2
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Viticultural 14.0   22.9 29 Aug 5.0   -2.7 4 Aug 198.5
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.5 +0.1 24.5 30 Aug 5.4 -0.4 -1.4 11 Aug 190.7 173.8 average 110%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.9   25.6 30 Aug 8.6   2.4 4 Aug 131.6
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.1   21.7 29 Aug 7.2   1.3 2 Aug 261.8
Mount Barker 14.6 +1.0 24.8 30 Aug 5.8 +0.9 -1.4 4 Aug 320.6 309.5 average 104%
Mount Crawford (Mt Crawford AWS) 11.8   20.7 29 Aug 6.3   2.1 13 Jul 326.4 266.4 high 123%
Mount Lofty 10.5   19.1 29 Aug 5.6   0.7 12 Aug 419.2
Noarlunga 15.5   23.2 30 Aug 9.0   3.4 4 Aug 119.4
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.6 +0.5 20.2 29 Aug 7.6 +0.4 3.1 3 Aug 313.4 354.9 low 88%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.1   24.3 29 Aug 7.2   0.0 21 Aug 200.4
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.9 +0.3 25.9 30 Aug 4.3 0.0 -4.0 5 Aug 45.2 80.7 low 56%
Renmark Aero 17.4   26.5 30 Aug 3.9   -5.6 4 Aug 35.2
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.7 0.0 22.5 30 Aug 5.5 +0.2 -1.0 3 Aug 165.6 159.1 average 104%
Meningie 15.8 +0.3 25.1 30 Aug 7.0 0.0 0.9 21 Aug 222.4 181.3 high 123%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 16.0   25.7 30 Aug 5.0   -2.7 4 Aug 121.2
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.6   24.8 29 Aug 7.4   1.5 12 Aug 151.8
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 16.3   26.2 30 Aug 4.8   -2.0 4 Aug 75.1 108.6 low 69%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.7 +0.1 25.2 30 Aug 5.4 -0.4 -1.2 11 Aug 145.6 166.0 average 88%
Keith (Munkora) 15.6   24.5 30 Aug 4.5   -2.7 11 Aug 150.8
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 15.3   24.9 30 Aug 4.5   -0.3 11 Aug 101.6
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.8 +0.4 21.2 30 Aug 8.0 +0.2 2.6 12 Aug 164.6 219.1 low 75%
Coonawarra 14.6 +0.2 21.9 29 Aug 5.5 +0.2 -2.1 12 Aug 221.3 234.2 average 94%
Mount Gambier Aero 14.3 +0.6 21.5 29 Aug 6.2 +0.7 0.4 2 Aug 267.0 279.7 average 95%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 15.0   22.3 30 Aug 5.3   -2.3 12 Aug 173.4
Padthaway South 15.0   23.3 30 Aug 5.4   -1.9 2 Aug 158.0
Robe Airfield 15.4   22.0 30 Aug 6.8   -0.1 9 Jun 216.2

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 1 September 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries