South Australia in summer 2016-17: wet with warm temperatures

South Australia had its sixth-wettest summer on record. Temperatures were warmer than average across most of South Australia. Nights were particularly warm, with South Australia having its fifth-warmest summer mean minimum temperatures on record.

Above average rainfall

  • Summer 2016–17 was South Australia's sixth-wettest summer on record (the record wettest was in 1973–74)
  • Wettest summer for the State since 2010–11
  • Very much above average rainfall across western districts and eastern agricultural areas
  • Wettest summer on record for isolated patches around Nullarbor and in the northwest
  • Above average summer rainfall through most of the rest of South Australia
  • With several strong bursts of tropical activity, warmer than average ocean temperatures around northern Australia contributed to the wetter than average summer
  • Many sites had their wettest summer day on record
  • Numerous sites across agricultural areas and around Adelaide had their highest total summer rainfall on record

Warmer than average

  • Night time temperatures were particularly warm across most of South Australia
  • Fifth-warmest summer mean minimum temperatures on record—warmest summer nights for South Australia as a whole since 2005–06
  • Very much above average daytime and night time mean temperatures for eastern pastoral districts
  • Mean temperatures were near average in the southeast and far west of the State
  • Warmer than average temperatures throughout most of the rest of South Australia
  • Summer mean maximum temperatures for the State were more than one degree warmer than average
  • The State experienced heatwave conditions several times during the summer
  • From 27 January to 12 February, Moomba experienced 17 consecutive days of temperatures reaching 40 °C or above—Moomba's record is a run of 19 days in January–February 2014)
  • More information about the heatwaves that affected southeast Australia during January and February can be found in Special Climate Statement 61
  • Whyalla equalled its coldest summer day on record
  • Ernabella had its coldest summer night on record
  • Moomba Airport equalled its highest summer mean temperature on record

Strong winds at times and high humidity

  • Moonta on Yorke Peninsula recorded the State's strongest wind gust over the summer, 141 km/h on 7 December 2016, as thunderstorms crossed the State
  • Many areas of South Australia recorded extended periods of high humidity during summer
  • On 28 December 2016, and then again on 13 January 2017, Mount Gambier recorded its highest daily precipitable water value for any month—52.0 mm and 53.6 mm respectively (precipitable water is a measure of the amount of water in the atmosphere)
  • On 20 January, Woomera and Adelaide recorded their highest precipitable water values for January for at least 26 years—67.0 mm and 61.3 mm respectively

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in summer 2016-17
Hottest day 48.2 °C at Tarcoola Aero on 9 Feb 2017
Warmest days on average 39.5 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 21.7 °C at Neptune Island
Coldest day 12.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 6 Feb 2017
Coldest night 1.1 °C at Keith (Munkora) on 18 Dec 2016
Coolest nights on average 11.1 °C at Keith (Munkora)
Warmest nights on average 25.3 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 32.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 13 Jan 2017
Warmest on average overall 32.4 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 17.7 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 305.0 mm at Ernabella (Pukatja)
Driest overall 75.4 mm at Moomba Airport
Wettest day 117.2 mm at Ernabella (Pukatja) on 27 Dec 2016
Strongest wind gust 141 km/h at Moonta (Warburto Point) on 7 Dec 2016

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Uraidla 110.0 on 28 Dec 2016 84.5 on 14 Feb 2014 128
Port Clinton (Kaddyinna) 90.0 on 28 Dec 2016 77.0 on 7 Feb 1997 59
Aldgate 100.6 on 28 Dec 2016 69.0 on 14 Feb 2014 49
Port Parham 86.2 on 28 Dec 2016 81.0 on 7 Feb 1997 49
Upper Hermitage 68.0 on 28 Dec 2016 58.2 on 14 Feb 2014 49
Wilpena Pound 106.2 on 20 Jan 2017 102.0 on 4 Jan 1980 47
Edinburgh RAAF 70.0 on 28 Dec 2016 62.4 on 1 Feb 1974 46
Reeves Plains (Parana Park) 45.0 on 28 Dec 2016 =45.0 on 15 Feb 2014 44
Buckleboo (Karinya) 76.2 on 20 Jan 2017 54.6 on 15 Feb 2014 31
Cradock (Slaty Creek) 45.0 on 29 Dec 2016 42.4 on 7 Dec 1996 29
Mount Wilson 51.4 on 28 Dec 2016 46.4 on 8 Dec 2010 29
Mintabie 83.0 on 27 Dec 2016 72.0 on 11 Feb 2000 26
Strathalbyn Racecourse 53.6 on 28 Dec 2016 51.6 on 19 Feb 2011 22
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 58.6 on 28 Dec 2016 53.0 on 21 Feb 2000 20
Monarto Zoological Park 59.0 on 28 Dec 2016 41.0 on 14 Feb 2014 20



Record highest summer total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Adelaide (Glen Osmond) 155.6 152.3 in 1945 128 72.2
Coonalpyn 191.2 178.0 in 1937 127 65.1
Coomandook 156.8 155.9 in 1945 102 61.5
Nullarbor 203.2 200.0 in 2005 101 42.3
Lenswood Research Centre 260.6 249.0 in 1992 50 105.3
Aldgate 254.9 249.4 in 1993 45 111.0
Port Parham 205.2 162.7 in 1973 44 57.8
Adelaide (Kent Town) 167.4 147.6 in 2010 40 65.9
Adelaide (Hope Valley Reservoir) 175.8 153.0 in 1986 38 72.0
Burnside 169.2 164.6 in 2010 38 70.4
Blackwood (Wittunga) 171.0 163.0 in 1992 37 78.6
Coffin Bay 124.6 118.3 in 2015 24 47.4
Clare High School 172.6 155.2 in 2013 23 87.1
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 136.0 115.6 in 2010 21 63.9
Minnipa Pirsa 131.4 73.4 in 2007 20 45.4

Highest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
North Adelaide 163.0 182.0 in 1936* 70.5
Elliston 132.4 155.8 in 1937* 41.1
Wirrulla 146.4 196.5 in 1937* 43.2
Moonta 178.1 227.3 in 1945* 50.0
Port Broughton 156.6 220.9 in 1945* 53.3
Quorn 188.4 290.1 in 1945* 61.0
Uraidla 265.0 293.3 in 1945* 113.5
Two Wells 177.6 182.5 in 1945* 58.6
Wallaroo 163.2 246.1 in 1945* 50.0
Mallala 158.6 167.5 in 1945* 60.3
Ceduna AMO 157.8 188.5 in 1966 47.5
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 196.2 213.7 in 1968* 94.8
Adelaide Airport 144.8 163.9 in 1973 61.2
Port Wakefield 150.0 183.3 in 1973* 54.5
Adelaide (Salisbury Bowling Club) 157.4 182.7 in 1973* 61.6
Bute 172.1 172.9 in 1973* 55.8
Parafield Airport 167.4 176.0 in 1973* 65.7
Willunga 154.0 160.8 in 1973* 68.3
Tarcoola (Mulgathing) 131.4 171.6 in 1980 51.3
Owen 165.2 167.3 in 1973* 66.8
Hilltown 131.0 138.8 in 1972* 59.0
Adelaide (Morphett Vale) 161.6 173.4 in 1968* 69.1
Appila 162.6 185.6 in 1992 65.4
Happy Valley Reservoir 170.2 172.6 in 1992 74.1
Kyancutta 127.9 247.4 in 1992 51.9
Macclesfield 190.8 274.4 in 1992 86.0
Cowell 112.7 196.4 in 1992* 50.6
Yardea 133.6 177.4 in 1992* 46.3
Buckleboo (Karinya) 184.0 202.8 in 1992* 59.2
Cummins 112.0 138.2 in 1992* 46.9
Mount Pleasant 223.2 235.2 in 1992* 80.5
Adelaide (Seaton) 145.0 183.4 in 1992* 64.3
Belair (State Flora Nursery) 191.8 195.6 in 1993* 86.1
Lobethal 228.9 237.2 in 1992* 90.7
Bruce 132.2 166.0 in 1996 60.3
Cleve 129.6 154.8 in 1996 64.5
Cleve Aerodrome 109.8 137.8 in 1996 59.8
Darke Peak 140.6 164.3 in 1996 59.5
Stockport (Clifton) 143.0 173.6 in 1992* 64.5
Wilmington 165.4 246.8 in 1996 69.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest summer daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Whyalla Aero 18.7 on 14 Dec 2016 = 18.7 on 7 Dec 1983 33 29.4



Record lowest summer temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Ernabella (Pukatja) 9.6 on 20 Feb 2017 9.9 on 12 Dec 2013 20 20.2



Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Moomba Airport 32.4 = 32.4 in 2005 21 30.4



Summary statistics for summer 2016-17
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2016-17
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2016-17
Mean for
summer
2016-17
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2016-17
Total for
summer
2016-17
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2016-17
Fraction of
summer
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 36.1 +0.5 46.7 9 Feb 2017 21.7 +1.0 13.5 9 Dec 2016 133.6 62.0 v high 215%
Coober Pedy Airport 36.4 +0.9 46.4 9 Feb 2017 21.9 +0.6 12.9 19 Feb 2017 100.0 47.1 high 212%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 33.6 -0.8 40.0 1 Dec 2016 20.4 +0.2 9.6 20 Feb 2017 305.0 134.0 high 228%
Mount Ive 33.2   47.6 9 Feb 2017 15.7   8.3 9 Dec 2016 124.6 46.3 v high 269%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 36.0 +0.2 46.8 9 Feb 2017 20.7 +0.6 12.0 10 Dec 2016 101.0 50.0 v high 202%
Tarcoola Aero 35.0 -0.6 48.2 9 Feb 2017 18.7 -0.2 8.4 9 Dec 2016 86.0 56.7 high 152%
Woomera Aerodrome 34.4 +0.8 46.8 9 Feb 2017 19.9 +1.0 11.9 19 Feb 2017
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 36.2 +1.7 45.0 11 Feb 2017 21.0 +1.0 12.6 9 Dec 2016 124.8 74.0 high 169%
Marree Aero 38.1 +0.9 46.3 11 Feb 2017 22.7 +0.9 12.7 10 Dec 2016 107.2 63.0 high 170%
Moomba Airport 39.5 +2.1 46.6 8 Feb 2017 25.3 +1.8 15.8 20 Feb 2017 75.4 58.9 average 128%
Oodnadatta Airport 38.4 +1.4 45.9 1 Dec 2016 23.9 +1.7 12.9 20 Feb 2017 133.2 72.2 high 184%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Cleve 28.0 +0.4 43.0 8 Feb 2017 15.9 +0.6 10.1 18 Dec 2016 129.6 64.5 v high 201%
Cleve Aerodrome 28.3 0.0 44.0 8 Feb 2017 15.2 -0.2 8.9 10 Dec 2016 109.8 59.8 high 184%
Coulta (Coles Point) 27.2 +0.4 43.6 8 Feb 2017 15.0 +0.3 7.4 1 Dec 2016 97.2 46.8 high 208%
Cummins Aero 29.2   45.4 8 Feb 2017 14.3   6.1 18 Dec 2016 123.8 64.3 v high 193%
Elliston 26.3 +0.9 43.3 8 Feb 2017 15.9 +0.5 7.9 18 Dec 2016 132.4 41.1 v high 322%
Kimba     44.8 10 Feb 2017 15.3 0.0 9.0 21 Dec 2016 135.8 58.8 v high 231%
Kyancutta 32.7 +0.6 46.8 9 Feb 2017 14.6 +0.7 5.5 9 Dec 2016 127.9 51.9 v high 246%
Minnipa Pirsa 31.5 -0.5 43.7 9 Feb 2017 15.6 +0.2 7.9 9 Dec 2016 131.4 45.4 highest 289%
Neptune Island 21.7 0.0 30.8 8 Feb 2017 16.4 +0.5 13.0 18 Dec 2016 98.6 45.1 v high 219%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 25.8 +0.2 42.0 17 Jan 2017 15.1 -0.2 8.1 16 Dec 2016 83.6 52.0 high 161%
Nullarbor 27.7 +0.2 43.3 6 Jan 2017 15.7 +0.3 7.6 16 Dec 2016 203.2 42.3 highest 480%
Port Augusta Aero 32.5 -0.7 47.2 9 Feb 2017     6.8 19 Feb 2017 123.4 57.0 high 216%
Streaky Bay 29.1 +0.5 44.0 8 Feb 2017 16.4 +0.7 9.1 18 Dec 2016 95.9 40.4 v high 237%
Whyalla Aero 29.6 +0.2 43.6 8 Feb 2017 17.5 +0.3 10.8 1 Dec 2016 123.5 61.0 high 202%
Wudinna Aero 32.4 -0.1 45.0 9 Feb 2017 14.4 -0.4 3.9 9 Dec 2016 120.2 49.4 v high 243%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 34.0 +0.7 45.5 9 Feb 2017 18.0 +0.7 7.5 9 Dec 2016 141.4 63.9 high 221%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 32.4 -0.2 47.0 9 Feb 2017 14.9 -0.1 4.5 18 Dec 2016 147.6 81.4 high 181%
Yunta Airstrip 33.0 +0.5 45.5 10 Feb 2017 16.2 +0.6 8.1 1 Dec 2016 79.2 59.6 high 133%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 28.9 -0.3 41.3 9 Feb 2017 14.1 0.0 6.0 16 Dec 2016 172.6 87.1 highest 198%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 32.3   45.0 8 Feb 2017 16.3   7.4 9 Dec 2016 122.2
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 31.3 -0.4 45.4 9 Feb 2017 13.2 -0.6 3.3 18 Dec 2016 209.2 67.2 v high 311%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Kadina AWS 29.9 -1.0 42.1 8 Feb 2017 14.6 -0.1 6.2 18 Dec 2016 165.2 60.8 v high 272%
Minlaton Aero 28.9 +0.4 43.7 8 Feb 2017 14.5 -0.2 5.9 18 Dec 2016 87.4 52.8 high 166%
Stenhouse Bay 24.8 +0.4 43.5 8 Feb 2017 16.3 0.0 12.2 21 Feb 2017 86.4 51.4 high 168%
Warooka 26.8 +0.1 40.2 8 Feb 2017 15.7 +0.5 11.2 6 Dec 2016 83.8 49.9 high 168%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 23.4 -0.5 35.8 8 Feb 2017 13.6 -0.3 6.4 18 Dec 2016 110.0 60.0 v high 183%
Kingscote Aero 26.1 +0.1 39.7 8 Feb 2017 12.6 0.0 3.0 3 Dec 2016 93.0 53.9 high 173%
Parndana Cfs AWS 26.0   41.1 8 Feb 2017 12.4   4.6 10 Dec 2016 86.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 29.3 +0.6 42.4 8 Feb 2017 16.8 +0.1 9.6 18 Dec 2016 167.4 65.9 highest 254%
Adelaide Airport 27.6 +0.3 41.7 8 Feb 2017 16.5 +0.9 8.5 10 Dec 2016 144.8 61.2 v high 237%
Edinburgh RAAF 29.0 -0.3 41.9 8 Feb 2017 15.9 -0.1 7.5 16 Dec 2016 189.2 65.7 v high 288%
Parafield Airport 29.6 +0.6 42.2 8 Feb 2017 16.0 +0.1 7.3 18 Dec 2016 167.4 65.7 v high 255%
Roseworthy AWS 30.0 -0.9 43.2 7 Jan 2017 14.3 +0.2 3.7 18 Dec 2016 147.4 67.4 v high 219%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 28.6 -0.4 42.1 9 Feb 2017 13.9 0.0 3.6 16 Dec 2016 128.5 78.9 high 163%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 29.9 +0.1 42.4 8 Feb 2017 14.4 -0.3 4.8 16 Dec 2016 128.6 62.0 v high 207%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 25.5 +0.6 42.2 8 Feb 2017 15.4 -0.1 8.8 3 Dec 2016 119.4 62.5 high 191%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 24.9 -0.4 38.9 8 Feb 2017 13.5 -0.2 8.1 15 Dec 2016 184.6 87.5 v high 211%
Mount Barker 27.1 +0.7 40.0 8 Feb 2017 12.7 +1.3 6.2 3 Dec 2016 182.8 87.0 v high 210%
Mount Crawford AWS 26.1 -0.4 39.2 9 Feb 2017 13.0 -0.4 5.9 18 Dec 2016 193.2 85.1 v high 227%
Mount Lofty 23.5 +2.5 36.2 8 Feb 2017 12.1 +0.2 5.2 18 Dec 2016 252.6
Noarlunga 27.3 -0.3 41.9 8 Feb 2017 16.5 0.0 8.5 18 Dec 2016 96.4 58.9 high 164%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 25.1 +0.7 41.9 8 Feb 2017 14.0 0.0 5.9 7 Dec 2016 116.8 74.5 high 157%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 31.6 +0.6 46.6 9 Feb 2017 14.7 +0.6 7.0 18 Dec 2016 87.8 63.0 high 139%
Renmark Aero 32.4 -0.1 47.1 9 Feb 2017 15.5 -0.1 8.3 9 Dec 2016 76.0 63.6 high 119%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 28.7 +0.2 41.5 9 Feb 2017 13.8 +0.3 5.8 18 Dec 2016 153.4 71.5 v high 215%
Meningie 26.4 +0.7 39.9 17 Jan 2017 14.3 +0.6 6.4 3 Dec 2016 133.4 59.8 v high 223%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 29.2 -0.6 42.5 7 Jan 2017 13.1 -0.6 2.6 18 Dec 2016 115.0 67.0 high 172%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 27.1 -0.1 40.8 8 Feb 2017 13.9 -0.2 6.2 3 Dec 2016 125.8 64.7 v high 194%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 29.8 -0.7 42.4 17 Jan 2017 13.5 -0.2 4.3 18 Dec 2016 148.4 63.5 v high 234%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 29.3 +0.1 42.0 8 Feb 2017 12.8 0.0 4.6 18 Dec 2016 95.4 66.4 high 144%
Keith (Munkora) 29.9 -0.1 43.0 8 Feb 2017 11.1 -0.5 1.1 18 Dec 2016 90.2 69.1 high 131%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 30.5 -0.4 43.3 17 Jan 2017 12.8 -0.6 4.5 18 Dec 2016 92.4 72.1 high 128%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 23.5 -0.5 38.1 6 Jan 2017 13.3 +0.1 6.4 7 Dec 2016 100.8 60.3 high 167%
Coonawarra 26.6 0.0 39.0 8 Feb 2017 11.2 0.0 2.2 18 Dec 2016 118.6 87.7 v high 135%
Mount Gambier Aero 25.3 +0.8 39.0 7 Jan 2017 11.4 +0.4 2.5 3 Dec 2016 140.0 91.9 high 152%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 28.1 -0.7 40.5 7 Jan 2017 11.4 +0.3 2.6 3 Dec 2016 103.8 81.6 high 127%
Padthaway South 28.0 -0.2 40.8 8 Feb 2017 11.4 -0.5 2.8 3 Dec 2016 116.4 74.3 high 157%
Robe Airfield 23.3 -0.7 37.3 8 Feb 2017 12.6 +0.1 3.4 3 Dec 2016 126.4 79.0 high 160%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 12 pm on Wednesday 1 March 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries