South Australia in winter 2016: wetter than average

Winter was much wetter than average for most of South Australia. Minimum temperatures were warmer than average across most of the State.

A wet winter

  • Wettest winter for South Australia since 2001, and the eighth-wettest winter on record
  • Winter rainfall was above average across most of South Australia
  • Very much above average winter rainfall fell across the Pastoral Districts
  • The wet weather in South Australia continued after a much wetter than average autumn
  • Winter began with a very wet June in South Australia, and while July was near average, August ended the season with a wetter than average month
  • Particularly wet days on 18 June and again on 5 July gave some sites their highest winter daily rainfall on record
  • A very wet June helped Whyalla and sites further north to have their wettest winter on record

Warmer than average nights

  • Temperatures were above average for winter
  • After some very warm winters in recent years though, daytime temperatures were the coolest for South Australia since winter 2010
  • Overnight temperatures were particularly mild during winter, with the northern Pastoral Districts very much above average
  • Daytime temperatures were generally close to average overall

Extreme weather in July

  • Strong and damaging winds affected southern South Australia in mid-July
  • A cold outbreak brought hail, sleet and snow flurries to elevated areas of the southeast in mid-July

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in winter 2016
Hottest day 30.1 °C at Coober Pedy Airport on 18 Aug
Warmest days on average 20.2 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 10.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 4.6 °C at Mount Lofty on 12 Jul
Coldest night -5.0 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 16 Jul
Coolest nights on average 4.2 °C at Hawker
Warmest nights on average 11.8 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 29 Aug
Warmest on average overall 14.2 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 8.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 600.0 mm at Uraidla
Driest overall 49.0 mm at Yunta Airstrip
Wettest day 99.0 mm at Whyalla (Mullaquana) on 18 Jun
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at Cape Willoughby on 12 Jul
139 km/h at Neptune Island on 12 Jul

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest winter daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Marrabel 49.0 on 5 Jul 43.4 on 27 Aug 1970 133
Happy Valley Reservoir 62.6 on 5 Jul 56.9 on 1 Jun 1920 125
Marree (Witchelina Station) 38.0 on 30 Aug 34.0 on 29 Aug 1992 106
Finniss 48.6 on 5 Jul 43.2 on 14 Jun 1898 103
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 99.0 on 18 Jun 45.7 on 18 Jul 1916 99
Whyalla (Broadview Station) 45.4 on 18 Jun 41.4 on 27 Aug 1973 76
Mount Gambier Aero 50.0 on 23 Jun 48.0 on 5 Aug 1990 75
Stockport (Clifton) 47.8 on 5 Jul 38.6 on 27 Jun 1990 58
Petersville 36.4 on 1 Aug 33.6 on 7 Jun 1994 52
Riverton (Leeward) 45.4 on 5 Jul 39.4 on 8 Jul 1993 48
Reeves Plains (Parana Park) 37.0 on 5 Jul 30.4 on 27 Jun 1978 43
Victor Harbor (Berrima) 95.4 on 6 Jul 63.6 on 4 Jun 1978 42
Burnside 55.6 on 5 Jul 47.5 on 22 Jun 1908 38
Leigh Creek Airport 39.8 on 30 Aug 35.6 on 1 Jun 2013 32
Clare High School 37.6 on 5 Jul 37.2 on 1 Jun 2013 23
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 46.4 on 5 Jul 37.8 on 21 Jun 2012 23
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 69.8 on 5 Jul 51.0 on 19 Jul 1999 23
Strathalbyn Racecourse 35.6 on 5 Jul 28.6 on 25 Aug 2009 21
Roseworthy AWS 33.2 on 5 Jul 29.8 on 21 Jun 2005 20



Record highest winter total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Whyalla (Mullaquana) 201.2 172.4 in 1916 98 70.9
Beltana Roadhouse 115.2 97.0 in 1991 31 52.3
Leigh Creek Airport 127.2 98.8 in 2001 30 51.4

Highest winter total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Curnomona (Curnamona) 87.6 134.5 in 1973 41.4
Parachilna (Motpena) 105.4 149.1 in 1973* 54.9
Marree (Farina) 108.2 114.3 in 1978 36.2
Marree (Witchelina Station) 102.8 134.3 in 1973* 32.8
Woomera (Pernatty Station) 119.8 127.3 in 1973* 42.8
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 89.8 99.6 in 1979 39.1
Cherry Gardens 561.5 649.7 in 1981* 379.7
Stockport (Clifton) 264.6 271.2 in 1981* 162.5
Maitland 270.8 296.9 in 1963* 196.9
Woomera Aerodrome 92.2 100.6 in 1986 44.5
Clarendon 459.8 478.2 in 1986* 331.8
Tarlee 266.7 273.5 in 1989* 167.3
Arkaroola 75.8 95.4 in 1993 45.0
Blanchetown Lock 1 112.2 153.2 in 1996 82.1
Happy Valley Reservoir 363.4 448.6 in 1996 250.7
Huddleston (Willow Ponds) 197.6 212.3 in 1996 153.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record lowest winter daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Kingscote Aero 9.3 on 12 Jul 10.7 on 28 Jul 1998 23 15.9



Record lowest winter temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) -0.3 on 16 Jul 1.3 on 3 Aug 1999 25 7.8



Summary statistics for winter 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2016
Mean for
winter
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2016
Total for
winter
2016
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2016
Fraction of
winter
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 19.1 -0.1 27.3 17 Aug 7.5 +0.8 0.5 17 Jul 66.0 41.3 high 160%
Coober Pedy Airport 18.8 -0.5 30.1 18 Aug 7.5 +0.5 1.5 17 Jul 61.8 24.8 high 249%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 18.0 -1.0 27.2 18 Aug 6.4 +1.4 -0.6 26 Jul 123.6 40.0 high 309%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 18.9 -0.4 27.7 18 Aug 6.0 +1.1 -2.0 15 Jul 63.6 34.0 high 187%
Tarcoola Aero 19.0 -0.6 29.2 18 Aug 6.1 +0.9 -1.4 16 Jul 76.4 38.8 high 197%
Woomera Aerodrome 18.1 +0.4 27.5 18 Aug 7.3 +0.9 1.6 16 Jul 92.2 44.5 v high 207%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 17.1 -0.4 26.3 17 Aug 4.8 +0.7 -2.6 15 Jul 75.8 45.0 high 168%
Leigh Creek Airport 17.5 -0.1 26.0 17 Aug 6.4 +1.0 -1.1 15 Jul 127.2 51.4 highest 247%
Marree Aero 19.8 -0.4 28.2 17 Aug 6.6 +0.8 -0.2 16 Jul 68.4 24.5 high 279%
Moomba Airport 20.1 -0.6 29.6 22 Jul 8.4 +1.2 2.8 7 Jul 37.4 30.2 high 124%
Oodnadatta Airport 20.2 -0.4 29.8 18 Aug 7.8 +1.2 0.0 16 Jul 84.2 30.0 v high 281%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 18.0 -0.1 28.5 21 Jul 6.1 0.0 -1.2 16 Jul 129.0 109.6 high 118%
Cleve 16.1 +0.1 24.0 18 Aug 7.8 +0.3 3.2 14 Jul 197.2 142.0 high 139%
Cleve Aerodrome 15.8 -0.3 23.9 18 Aug 7.4 -0.3 1.4 24 Aug 174.2 131.7 v high 132%
Coulta (Coles Point) 16.1 0.0 22.9 21 Jul 7.6 -0.2 1.7 16 Jul 206.2 154.1 high 134%
Cummins Aero 16.1   23.1 21 Jul 5.5   -0.2 6 Jul 196.6 185.1 average 106%
Elliston 17.0 +0.1 24.9 29 Aug 8.6 +0.4 2.1 16 Jul
Kimba 16.0 -0.2 23.5 21 Jul 6.0 +0.5 0.0 16 Jul 160.4 124.2 high 129%
Kyancutta 18.1 +0.2 26.5 21 Jul 5.3 +0.3 -2.6 26 Aug 111.1 117.8 average 94%
Minnipa Pirsa 16.5 -0.4 25.4 21 Jul 7.0 +0.1 1.0 6 Jul 140.6 110.8 high 127%
Neptune Island 15.6 +0.1 19.6 21 Jul 11.8 +0.2 5.0 13 Jul 219.0 206.2 average 106%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.5 -0.1 24.1 21 Jul 7.5 -0.3 -0.3 16 Jul 180.0 168.5 average 107%
Nullarbor 18.2 -0.7 27.2 7 Aug 6.3 +0.5 0.3 16 Jul 119.8 82.4 high 145%
Port Augusta Aero 18.3 -0.3 28.0 18 Aug 5.8 +0.4 -2.3 16 Jul 83.0 59.8 high 139%
Streaky Bay 17.3 +0.2 22.2 29 Aug 9.1 +0.3 3.8 25 Aug 159.4 172.9 average 92%
Whyalla Aero 17.6 +0.1 27.3 18 Aug 6.2 +0.5 -1.0 15 Jul 113.4 72.8 v high 156%
Wudinna Aero 17.4 -0.2 25.5 21 Jul     -2.0 26 Aug 100.6 106.6 average 94%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 16.2 -0.5 25.0 18 Aug 4.2 +0.1 -3.5 15 Jul 131.4 103.5 high 127%
Yongala 13.6 0.0 22.0 18 Aug     -2.4 14 Aug
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 17.5 -0.2 26.6 18 Aug 4.4 +0.3 -4.0 16 Jul 85.8 65.5 high 131%
Yunta Airstrip 16.2 -0.1 25.6 17 Aug 4.3 +0.7 -5.0 16 Jul 49.0 45.5 average 108%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.6 +0.1 21.8 18 Aug 5.1 +0.6 -2.0 15 Jul 278.2 202.9 high 137%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 17.2   25.5 18 Aug 6.6   -0.7 16 Jul 155.8
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 15.9 -0.2 23.2 18 Aug 5.4 +0.5 -1.5 15 Jul 221.4 139.9 high 158%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 16.0 +0.4 23.0 21 Jul 8.1 +0.2 1.6 17 Jul 169.6 153.3 average 111%
Kadina AWS 16.2 +0.1 22.4 21 Jul 6.2 +1.0 -1.7 16 Jul 157.6 111.3 high 142%
Maitland 15.8 +0.7 21.8 22 Jul 7.2 -0.2 3.9 25 Aug 270.8 196.9 v high 138%
Minlaton Aero 16.1 +0.1 22.9 18 Aug 7.4 +0.2 2.3 25 Aug 146.8 145.0 average 101%
Stenhouse Bay 16.1 +0.1 21.8 21 Jul 9.5 -0.1 4.1 16 Jul 190.2 197.9 average 96%
Warooka 15.9 +0.4 20.2 17 Aug 8.4 +0.4 4.2 16 Jul 160.6 189.3 low 85%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.6 0.0 18.0 18 Aug 9.3 -0.1 4.8 13 Jul 284.9 251.5 average 113%
Cape Willoughby 14.8 +0.3 18.7 18 Aug 10.3 +0.2 5.3 13 Jul 257.4 230.8 average 112%
Kingscote Aero 15.8 -0.1 20.3 21 Jul 6.1 -0.1 -0.9 16 Jul 245.8 189.8 high 130%
Parndana Cfs AWS 14.2   18.3 21 Jul 7.1   2.2 25 Jun 292.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 16.3 +0.3 24.7 18 Aug 8.2 +0.2 2.0 16 Jul 266.0 223.4 high 119%
Adelaide Airport 16.1 +0.5 25.4 18 Aug 8.5 +1.1 2.3 6 Aug 211.4 166.2 high 127%
Edinburgh RAAF 16.1 +0.2 24.6 18 Aug 7.0 +0.6 1.8 16 Jul 200.2 157.8 high 127%
Parafield Airport 16.3 +0.6 24.9 18 Aug 7.0 +0.3 -0.2 16 Jul 205.8 166.8 high 123%
Roseworthy AWS 15.9 -0.1 23.1 18 Aug 6.6 +0.8 -0.2 25 Aug 201.8 136.3 v high 148%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 14.2 +0.1 23.0 18 Aug 5.3 +0.4 -1.8 16 Jul 239.4 170.8 high 140%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.7 +0.3 24.6 18 Aug 6.1 +0.3 -0.1 25 Aug 211.4 173.8 high 122%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 16.1 +0.3 25.2 18 Aug 8.3 0.0 2.3 13 Jun 147.0 156.8 average 94%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 13.2 +0.3 21.5 18 Aug 7.2 +0.2 2.3 13 Jun 426.2 311.8 high 137%
Mount Barker 14.8 +1.2 23.0 18 Aug 6.0 +1.1 0.0 25 Aug 374.2 309.4 high 121%
Mount Crawford AWS 11.7 +0.1 20.4 18 Aug 6.3 +0.2 1.1 13 Jul 311.0 264.9 average 117%
Mount Lofty 10.4 +1.2 18.6 18 Aug 5.5 +0.3 0.6 5 Jul 506.2
Noarlunga 15.6 +0.2 23.3 18 Aug 9.2 +0.3 4.0 17 Jul 264.8 182.5 v high 145%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.4 +0.3 18.7 21 Jul 7.5 +0.3 3.1 13 Jul 462.0 355.7 high 130%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.1 +0.1 23.9 18 Aug 6.7 -0.3 -1.0 17 Jul 271.2 234.8 average 116%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 16.9 +0.3 26.3 18 Aug 5.2 +0.8 -2.1 13 Jun 81.7 80.0 average 102%
Renmark Aero 17.2 0.0 27.0 18 Aug 4.8 +0.5 -3.8 13 Jun 59.0 62.3 average 95%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.7 0.0 22.7 18 Aug 5.5 +0.2 0.3 16 Jul 174.4 159.0 average 110%
Meningie 15.9 +0.4 22.6 18 Aug 7.5 +0.5 0.6 17 Jul 206.8 181.2 high 114%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 16.3 +0.1 25.4 18 Aug 5.4 +0.6 -1.8 27 Aug 120.4 97.8 average 123%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.8 +0.2 24.2 18 Aug 7.2 +0.3 0.4 16 Jul 220.6 156.6 high 141%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 16.2 -0.1 25.7 18 Aug 5.3 +0.2 0.0 16 Jul 158.6 108.8 v high 146%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.7 +0.1 25.4 18 Aug 6.5 +0.7 0.0 25 Aug 204.7 165.7 high 124%
Keith (Munkora) 15.4 -0.1 24.4 18 Aug 5.7 +0.7 -1.6 25 Aug 179.6 158.3 average 113%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 15.2 -0.3 24.5 18 Aug 5.2 +0.6 -0.5 25 Aug 101.6 92.9 average 109%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.7 +0.3 20.2 28 Aug 8.2 +0.4 2.3 4 Jun 302.8 219.2 high 138%
Coonawarra 14.4 0.0 23.7 18 Aug 6.0 +0.7 -0.2 19 Jun
Mount Gambier Aero 14.0 +0.3 23.3 18 Aug 6.0 +0.5 0.2 23 Aug 397.0 280.2 v high 142%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.5 -0.3 23.8 18 Aug 6.0 +0.6 -0.6 24 Aug 272.4 189.3 high 144%
Padthaway South 14.9 0.0 24.4 18 Aug 6.1 +0.4 -0.9 16 Jul 197.8 187.4 average 106%
Robe Airfield 15.1 0.0 22.8 18 Aug 7.1 +0.2 0.1 15 Jun 403.0 275.0 v high 147%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Thursday 1 September 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries