South Australia in spring 2016: Above average rainfall in the east, cooler than average temperatures

It was a wet, windy and cool spring for South Australia, particularly through September and October when several vigorous frontal systems brought heavy rain and damaging winds to central and eastern districts. Temperatures were cooler than average for most areas with particularly cold nights in central districts

Heavy early season rainfall

  • Rainfall during spring was above average, owing to a particularly wet September
  • A vigorous frontal system, in mid-September and an intense low pressure system in late September brought heavy rainfall, resulting in some locations having their wettest spring day on record
  • The wet conditions observed through September and October resulted in several locations having their wettest spring on record
  • Overall, Rainfall for spring was above average for South Australia, and the highest since 2011

Cooler than average, cold nights in central districts

Flash flooding, severe thunderstorms, damaging winds and tornados

  • Strong, gusty and damaging winds occurred several times through the season, particularly during September and October
  • In the Adelaide region, flash flooding occurred on 15 September as 101.4 mm fell at Uraidla and 100.2 mm at Ashton, with a number of other sites in the Adelaide Hills exceeding 80 mm
  • Central and eastern districts were impacted by severe thunderstorms and a tornado outbreak in late September
  • Severe thunderstorms developed over northern districts on 10 November that produced a wind gust of 124 km/hr at Moomba Airport

Further information

Media
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Extremes in spring 2016
Hottest day 43.8 °C at Marree Aero on 11 Nov
Warmest days on average 29.4 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 15.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 7.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 30 Sep
Coldest night -1.3 °C at Yongala on 19 Oct
Coolest nights on average 5.7 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 14.4 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Warmest night 26.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 11 Nov
26.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 21 Nov
Warmest on average overall 21.9 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 10.8 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 604.1 mm at Piccadilly (Woodhouse)
Wettest day 105.2 mm at Lobethal on 30 Sep
Strongest wind gust 124 km/h at Moomba Airport on 10 Nov

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest spring daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Lobethal 105.2 on 30 Sep 84.4 on 8 Nov 2005 133
Mount Pleasant 71.8 on 30 Sep 58.2 on 31 Oct 1997 133
Wirrabara 74.2 on 30 Sep 72.4 on 23 Sep 2009 133
Innamincka Station 69.0 on 1 Sep 53.5 on 23 Sep 1998 130
Mount Bryan 72.0 on 30 Sep 62.4 on 27 Sep 1979 120
Narrung (Yalkuri) 56.2 on 30 Sep 52.0 on 31 Oct 1997 97
Murray Lagoon (Hawks Nest) 67.6 on 14 Sep 55.5 on 14 Nov 1979 95
Coober Pedy 57.6 on 2 Sep 43.0 on 8 Oct 1992 87
Hindmarsh Valley (Fernbrook) 67.0 on 29 Sep 64.4 on 24 Oct 1975 52
Aldgate 80.2 on 29 Sep 76.0 on 8 Nov 2005 48
Pelican Lagoon 46.8 on 14 Sep 39.0 on 4 Sep 2010 33
Pelican Point 56.0 on 9 Sep 55.2 on 5 Nov 2015 33
Kalamurina 53.4 on 2 Sep 48.4 on 22 Nov 2011 32
Mount Wilson 50.4 on 29 Sep 49.4 on 8 Nov 2005 27
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 43.2 on 29 Sep 34.4 on 31 Oct 1997 24
Coober Pedy Airport 61.4 on 2 Sep 31.0 on 19 Nov 1995 23
Mount Crawford AWS 54.0 on 30 Sep 50.0 on 31 Oct 1997 23
Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot 66.8 on 9 Sep 44.2 on 1 Nov 2000 23



Record highest spring total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Barker 401.6 372.8 in 1992 156 191.5
Goolwa Council Depot 242.8 239.0 in 1992 154 115.3
Gumeracha 409.0 405.7 in 1992 142 199.1
Milang 215.6 215.0 in 1992 134 99.1
Hahndorf 476.8 428.6 in 1992 132 211.9
Macclesfield 354.2 334.1 in 1887 131 186.6
Uraidla 596.0 575.4 in 1992 126 256.3
Finniss 238.4 232.2 in 1934 103 125.1
Inman Valley 351.7 315.6 in 1979 82 173.9
Mount Bold Reservoir 391.8 387.0 in 1992 79 182.0
Aldgate 551.5 521.0 in 1992 45 255.7
Prospect Hill 386.8 362.2 in 1992 44 197.7
Burnside 296.4 266.8 in 2005 37 135.0
Heathfield Works Depot 548.5 486.8 in 1992 30 244.9
Goolwa Barrage 242.2 224.0 in 1992 25 112.2
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 182.6 162.6 in 2001 23 107.0
Clare High School 265.2 254.4 in 1997 23 144.3
Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot 259.8 252.6 in 2000 21 156.3
Strathalbyn Racecourse 222.2 177.8 in 1997 21 109.5

Highest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
spring
Woodside 359.4 366.5 in 1964* 199.2
Kapunda 237.2 258.6 in 1979 132.0
Wolseley 235.4 264.4 in 1979* 128.2
Coonalpyn 181.2 249.8 in 1992 117.7
Karoonda 184.1 216.0 in 1992 91.4
Langhorne Creek 182.2 209.2 in 1992 102.0
Millicent 258.8 292.0 in 1992 167.9
Mindarie 169.5 178.3 in 1992 86.6
Nairne 319.8 338.4 in 1992 170.9
Parawa (Sharon) 399.4 421.0 in 1992 212.2
Strathalbyn 233.3 289.8 in 1992 124.6
Birdwood 342.2 412.4 in 1992* 179.0
Cape Willoughby 211.2 286.8 in 1992* 125.2
Cudlee Creek (Millbrook Reservoir) 451.8 477.8 in 1992* 213.2
Edinburgh RAAF 186.4 288.6 in 1992* 110.4
Frances 245.4 250.8 in 1992* 141.4
Jamestown Pirsa 236.4 331.6 in 1992* 132.5
Lenswood Research Centre 513.4 545.0 in 1992* 240.8
Lobethal 406.4 485.0 in 1992* 213.7
Lyrup 162.4 176.8 in 1992* 68.7
Mount Compass 352.6 396.4 in 1992* 194.9
Parrakie 205.2 234.2 in 1992* 102.7
Alawoona 157.0 168.8 in 1993* 78.8
Avenue 204.6 251.8 in 1992* 146.7
Belair (State Flora Nursery) 410.6 439.8 in 1992* 185.7
Cherry Gardens 443.8 446.0 in 1992* 221.8
Clarendon 329.8 384.7 in 1992* 189.6
Cooke Plains 215.1 246.0 in 1992* 101.8
Huddleston (Willow Ponds) 207.2 262.0 in 1992* 122.0
Lucindale Post Office 200.4 270.1 in 1992* 145.5
Meadows 373.3 375.8 in 1992* 218.7
Penola Post Office 252.8 284.6 in 1992* 168.1
Point Pass 197.7 247.8 in 1992* 118.4
Adelaide (Seaton) 194.0 288.2 in 1992* 110.4
Keyneton 226.4 323.3 in 1992* 134.9
Kingston on Murray 143.6 148.4 in 1993* 68.9
Mintaro 296.2 336.8 in 1979* 160.3
Mount Pleasant 305.8 366.0 in 1992* 168.1
Williamstown 332.0 491.2 in 1992* 167.9
Coomandook 189.0 211.6 in 1992* 109.1
Georgetown 254.2 303.0 in 1992* 129.2
Manoora 245.3 277.4 in 1992* 134.0
Palmer 191.5 250.0 in 1992* 108.0
Port Elliot Caravan Park 246.7 249.6 in 1992* 123.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest spring daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Warooka 11.2 on 12 Sep = 11.2 on 26 Sep 1970 52 20.7
Meningie 11.2 on 12 Sep = 11.2 on 26 Sep 1970 51 20.7
Hawker 11.5 on 29 Sep 11.6 on 30 Sep 2003 45 25.8
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 12.1 on 29 Sep 12.4 on 30 Sep 2003 25 20.9
Kingscote Aero 11.2 on 12 Sep 12.3 on 28 Sep 1996 23 20.4
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 8.3 on 12 Sep = 8.3 on 5 Sep 1995 23 17.0
Cleve Aerodrome 10.6 on 29 Sep 11.7 on 1 Sep 1997 21 23.1
Minnipa Pirsa 11.2 on 29 Sep 13.0 on 16 Sep 1999 21 25.3
Stenhouse Bay 11.4 on 12 Sep 12.0 on 11 Sep 2004 21 20.1
Ernabella (Pukatja) 10.3 on 13 Sep 11.0 on 18 Sep 2010 20 29.1
Roseworthy AWS 11.7 on 14 Sep 12.0 on 11 Sep 2004 20 23.8



Record lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 17.2 17.6 in 1994 24 18.8

Lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Edinburgh RAAF 20.7 19.4 in 1992 22.4
Keith 20.3 19.3 in 1992 21.8
Meningie 19.5 19.3 in 1992 20.7
Mount Gambier Aero 17.4 17.0 in 1992 18.1
Parafield Airport 21.2 20.3 in 1992 22.1



Record lowest spring temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Tarcoola Aero 0.4 on 15 Sep 0.5 on 13 Sep 2004 20 12.2



Record lowest spring mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 7.4 7.6 in 1996 54 8.7
Adelaide (Kent Town) 10.6 = 10.6 in 1986 39 11.8
Nullarbor 9.2 = 9.2 in 1992 28 10.3
Coulta (Coles Point) 9.2 9.8 in 1994 24 10.4
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 8.6 = 8.6 in 1994 24 9.9
Edithburgh 10.0 10.2 in 2003 23 10.9
Clare High School 7.0 7.1 in 1996 22 8.3
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 8.3 = 8.3 in 2003 22 9.2
Moomba Airport 13.8 14.3 in 2010 21 15.9
Cleve Aerodrome 8.7 9.3 in 1996 20 10.3
Nuriootpa Pirsa 7.1 7.6 in 1996 20 8.6
Stenhouse Bay 10.9 11.3 in 2003 20 12.0

Lowest spring mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Parafield Airport 9.4 9.3 in 1952* 10.4
Ceduna AMO 9.4 8.7 in 1971 10.0
Streaky Bay 10.8 10.4 in 1971* 11.6
Eudunda 7.0 6.8 in 1979 8.3
Edinburgh RAAF 9.4 =9.4 in 1986 10.3
Warooka 9.8 9.7 in 1986 10.3
Cleve 9.6 9.4 in 1986* 10.4
Arkaroola 10.0 9.9 in 1992 11.6
Elliston 10.7 10.6 in 1992 11.3
Kimba 8.4 8.1 in 1992 9.4
Leigh Creek Airport 11.2 10.8 in 1992 12.7
Woomera Aerodrome 11.5 11.4 in 1992 12.5
Yongala 5.7 5.6 in 1992 6.4
Andamooka 12.6 12.5 in 1994 13.7
Oodnadatta Airport 14.4 =14.4 in 1984* 15.1
Whyalla Aero 9.8 9.5 in 1989* 11.0
Kyancutta 7.5 7.4 in 1996 8.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record lowest spring mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Edithburgh 14.6 = 14.6 in 2001 23 15.6
Clare High School 13.2 = 13.2 in 2001 22 14.8
Renmark Aero 16.1 16.2 in 2010 21 17.5
Nuriootpa Pirsa 13.3 13.8 in 2010 20 15.1
Stenhouse Bay 14.8 15.1 in 2010 20 16.0
Strathalbyn Racecourse 14.1 14.3 in 2003 20 15.5

Lowest spring mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Adelaide (Kent Town) 15.8 15.1 in 1992 17.0
Adelaide Airport 15.4 14.5 in 1992 16.0
Edinburgh RAAF 15.0 14.6 in 1992 16.4
Eudunda 13.1 12.6 in 1992 14.6
Meningie 14.6 14.5 in 1992 15.2
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 14.2 13.7 in 1992 15.4
Parafield Airport 15.3 14.9 in 1992 16.3
Warooka 14.7 14.6 in 1992 15.5
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 13.2 12.9 in 1993 14.1
Keith 14.2 13.7 in 1992* 15.1
Streaky Bay 16.3 16.1 in 1992* 17.3
Kingscote Aero 13.3 =13.3 in 1995 14.1
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 14.2 =14.2 in 1996 15.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for spring 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2016
Mean for
spring
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2016
Total for
spring
2016
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2016
Fraction of
spring
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 27.2 -1.1 42.3 11 Nov 12.6 -1.1 4.8 16 Sep 27.0 44.5 average 61%
Coober Pedy Airport 27.5 -1.4 42.0 21 Nov 13.0 -1.4 4.6 14 Sep 69.6 33.3 v high 209%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 26.8 -2.3 39.2 21 Nov 12.1 -1.9 1.6 30 Sep 64.8 55.9 high 116%
Mount Ive 25.2   37.5 11 Nov 8.8   1.0 10 Sep 60.4 64.4 average 94%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 27.3 -1.4 42.6 21 Nov 11.4 -1.5 2.9 1 Oct 23.2 37.0 average 63%
Tarcoola Aero 27.1 -1.5 40.1 29 Nov 10.7 -1.5 0.4 15 Sep 49.4 44.0 average 112%
Woomera Aerodrome 26.1 -0.2 42.2 21 Nov 11.5 -1.0 3.8 15 Sep 64.2 46.4 high 138%
Far North (district 17)
Arkaroola 25.3 -1.5 39.0 21 Nov 10.0 -1.6 2.1 23 Oct 84.7 51.8 high 164%
Leigh Creek Airport 25.9 -1.2 41.6 11 Nov 11.2 -1.5 2.5 16 Sep 85.2 53.9 high 158%
Marree Aero 28.3 -1.9 43.8 11 Nov 12.6 -1.7 4.1 19 Sep 45.0 33.7 average 134%
Moomba Airport 28.2 -2.7 40.7 21 Nov 13.8 -2.1 6.0 16 Sep 104.4 44.6 high 234%
Oodnadatta Airport 29.4 -0.9 43.7 7 Nov 14.4 -0.7 5.1 14 Sep 43.8 35.6 high 123%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 23.6 -0.2 41.4 29 Oct 9.4 -0.6 1.0 11 Sep 52.2 70.7 average 74%
Cleve 21.2 -1.1 36.5 20 Nov 9.6 -0.8 3.8 19 Oct 138.0 105.5 high 131%
Cleve Aerodrome 21.1 -2.0 37.5 20 Nov 8.7 -1.6 3.0 11 Sep 97.0 85.4 high 114%
Coulta (Coles Point) 20.2 -1.1 34.4 29 Oct 9.2 -1.2 3.2 28 Oct 98.8 73.2 high 135%
Cummins Aero 21.3   36.3 20 Nov 7.1   0.1 22 Oct 93.2 79.7 average 117%
Elliston 20.6 -0.9 36.1 29 Oct 10.7 -0.6 3.4 11 Sep 121.0 88.9 high 136%
Kimba 23.5 -0.3 36.5 20 Nov 8.4 -1.0 2.0 18 Sep 112.8 90.0 high 125%
Kyancutta 25.0 -0.3 38.6 20 Nov 7.5 -1.0 -0.1 22 Sep 74.7 78.0 average 96%
Minnipa Pirsa 23.6 -1.7 37.2 17 Nov 8.7 -1.6 0.8 21 Sep 69.4 64.8 average 107%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 19.8 -1.1 34.1 17 Nov 8.6 -1.3 3.6 28 Sep 109.4 82.7 high 132%
Nullarbor 23.6 -0.8 40.5 29 Oct 9.2 -1.1 1.3 25 Sep 55.0 52.7 average 104%
Port Augusta Aero 25.5 -1.8 42.3 21 Nov 10.3 -1.6 2.6 19 Sep 71.4 55.2 average 129%
Streaky Bay 22.1 -0.8 33.5 16 Nov 10.8 -0.8 5.0 23 Oct 91.8 79.8 average 115%
Whyalla Aero 23.1 -1.0 39.9 11 Nov 9.8 -1.2 2.7 19 Oct 84.9 71.3 average 119%
Wudinna Aero 24.8 -1.3 38.6 20 Nov 7.0 -2.3 -0.6 11 Sep 51.6 58.8 average 88%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 24.7 -1.1 40.5 21 Nov     0.0 4 Sep 73.7 74.9 average 98%
Yongala 20.1 -1.8 36.7 21 Nov 5.7 -0.7 -1.3 19 Oct 151.6 99.1 high 153%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 24.0 -2.0 41.4 21 Nov 8.2 -1.0 0.1 23 Oct 146.4 76.0 high 193%
Yunta Airstrip 23.5 -1.8 39.5 21 Nov 8.3 -1.2 0.7 23 Oct 95.6 63.2 high 151%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 19.3 -1.9 35.2 21 Nov 7.0 -1.3 0.2 19 Oct 265.2 144.3 highest 184%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 23.5   39.0 11 Nov 8.8   1.0 22 Oct 105.8
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 21.8 -2.7 38.1 20 Nov 6.7 -0.9 -0.3 23 Oct 168.4 95.8 v high 176%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 19.2 -1.1 36.1 17 Nov 10.0 -0.9 3.5 19 Oct 172.2 88.7 high 194%
Kadina AWS 21.4 -3.0 37.8 20 Nov 7.4 -1.1 0.5 23 Oct 116.0 73.0 average 159%
Maitland 20.7 -0.9 36.5 20 Nov     4.4 19 Oct 197.4 119.3 v high 165%
Minlaton Aero 21.2 -1.4 36.4 17 Nov 8.5 -1.3 1.7 19 Oct 114.4 82.4 high 139%
Stenhouse Bay 18.8 -1.3 33.6 17 Nov 10.9 -1.1 6.0 23 Sep 132.4 94.3 high 140%
Warooka 19.5 -1.2 34.2 20 Nov 9.8 -0.5 5.0 19 Oct 154.8 103.6 high 149%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 16.9 -1.6 28.7 20 Nov 9.4 -1.1 5.3 22 Oct 170.8 107.9 high 158%
Kingscote Aero 18.9 -1.5 30.7 17 Nov 7.6 -0.1 1.8 19 Oct 206.8 99.6 v high 208%
Parndana Cfs AWS 17.1   30.9 20 Nov 7.6   2.3 19 Oct 211.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 21.0 -1.2 36.1 20 Nov 10.6 -1.2 4.9 19 Oct 245.4 131.3 v high 187%
Adelaide Airport 20.0 -1.1 35.2 20 Nov 10.8 0.0 5.5 23 Sep 191.0 106.8 v high 179%
Edinburgh RAAF 20.7 -1.7 35.8 17 Nov 9.4 -0.9 3.3 23 Oct 186.4 110.4 v high 169%
Parafield Airport 21.2 -0.9 36.3 20 Nov 9.4 -1.0 3.3 19 Oct 179.2 111.0 high 161%
Roseworthy AWS 20.8 -3.0 38.0 21 Nov 7.2 -1.1 1.2 24 Nov 179.2 103.7 high 173%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 19.5 -2.1 35.8 21 Nov 7.1 -1.5 0.4 22 Oct 250.8 127.6 v high 197%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 20.8 -1.3 37.7 21 Nov 7.4 -1.3 0.8 27 Sep 202.0 125.3 v high 161%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 19.3 -1.8 33.2 21 Nov 10.3 -0.9 4.4 28 Sep 179.2 90.8 v high 197%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 17.4 -1.7 31.9 20 Nov 8.3 -1.3 3.5 22 Oct 343.4 162.1 v high 212%
Mount Barker 19.4 -0.1 34.3 20 Nov 7.7 +0.4 1.5 19 Oct 401.6 191.5 highest 210%
Mount Crawford AWS 16.8 -1.8 32.2 21 Nov 7.3 -1.6 2.3 23 Oct 290.4 152.1 v high 191%
Mount Lofty 15.0 +0.2 29.4 20 Nov 6.5 -1.0 2.1 23 Oct 543.2
Noarlunga 19.8 -1.9 34.9 20 Nov 10.7 -1.3 5.3 19 Oct 145.8 101.3 high 144%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 15.8 -1.2 31.1 20 Nov 8.3 -0.9 4.0 23 Sep 328.2 187.7 v high 175%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 19.0 -1.6 31.5 17 Nov 8.5 -0.9 2.7 23 Sep 287.2 131.0 v high 219%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 23.2 -1.1 39.8 21 Nov 8.2 -0.5 0.6 23 Sep 123.6 72.7 high 170%
Renmark Aero 23.6 -2.0 41.9 21 Nov 8.6 -0.8 0.5 23 Sep 109.0 70.4 high 155%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 19.4 -1.5 35.3 21 Nov 7.0 -1.3 1.7 22 Oct 199.4 118.7 v high 168%
Meningie 19.5 -1.2 35.5 20 Nov 9.8 +0.1 3.8 23 Sep 147.4 114.0 high 129%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 21.3 -2.8 39.1 21 Nov 6.8 -1.1 -0.6 24 Oct 138.4 73.3 high 189%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 19.7 -1.9 35.3 20 Nov 8.6 -0.7 3.4 23 Sep 222.2 109.5 highest 203%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 21.5 -2.6 38.4 21 Nov 7.0 -1.6 0.6 31 Oct 184.1 91.4 v high 201%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 20.3 -1.5 37.0 20 Nov 8.0 -0.4 1.5 23 Oct 181.1 123.2 v high 147%
Keith (Munkora) 20.2 -2.7 38.1 20 Nov 6.0 -0.7 -1.1 24 Nov 174.4 96.6 high 181%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 21.1 -2.9 38.6 21 Nov 6.5 -1.3 1.3 23 Oct 171.4 81.0 v high 212%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 17.2 -1.6 30.6 20 Nov 9.2 -0.3 3.0 24 Oct 182.6 107.0 highest 171%
Coonawarra 18.4 -1.4 32.3 17 Nov 7.5 0.0 0.4 24 Oct 217.0 141.0 v high 154%
Mount Gambier Aero 17.4 -0.7 31.0 17 Nov 7.4 +0.1 1.1 23 Sep 219.4 178.9 high 123%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 18.6 -2.5 33.4 20 Nov 7.6 +0.3 -0.1 23 Sep 230.4 125.3 v high 184%
Padthaway South 18.9 -2.3 34.7 21 Nov 7.4 -0.8 0.6 23 Oct 209.0 111.0 v high 188%
Robe Airfield 17.3 -1.9 30.3 17 Nov 9.0 0.0 2.1 28 Oct 192.0 117.2 v high 164%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries