South Australia in summer 2015-16: Warm days and nights, average rainfall

Summer rainfall was generally average across the State, though below average through some pastoral and central areas, whereas some coastal and agricultural areas recorded average to above average rainfall.

  • Average rainfall across the state, dry in central parts
  • Very warm days in the east
  • Warm nights

Overall, summer rainfall for South Australia was close to average. Parts of southern agricultural areas recorded above average rainfall, while it tended drier than average in the central and eastern pastoral areas. Despite locations in the southern and far north recording their highest summer daily rainfall on record or having their highest total summer rainfall on record, there were extended periods of days without rain that resulted in some sites in the northwest Pastoral and Flinders districts having their lowest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years.

South Australia's overall mean temperature for summer was more than 1 °C above the long-term average. The mean maximum temperature for South Australia was in the top ten warmest on record. High temperatures occurred in early summer, that saw several locations report an extended period of extreme heat. Further details can be found in Special Climate Statement 53. Most South Australian sites observed maximum temperatures above their long-term average for summer. Coonawarra reported its highest summer mean daily maximum temperature on record.

Overall, summer nights tended warmer than average across South Australia, particularly in eastern districts. In the Riverland, Loxton and Renmark both recorded their warmest summer night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record in December. A cold spell in early December also saw some sites in the southeastern of the State have their lowest summer temperature on record.

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Extremes in summer 2015-16
Hottest day 47.2 °C at Port Augusta Aero on 19 Dec 2015
Warmest days on average 38.1 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest days on average 22.3 °C at Cape Willoughby
Coldest day 11.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 1 Dec 2015
Coldest night 0.2 °C at Coonawarra on 2 Dec 2015
Coolest nights on average 11.6 °C at Naracoorte Aerodrome
Warmest nights on average 24.4 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 34.1 °C at Moomba Airport on 7 Dec 2015
Warmest on average overall 31.2 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 19.1 °C at Robe Airfield
Wettest overall 159.8 mm at Parawa (Sharon)
Wettest day 130.8 mm at Kalamurina on 31 Dec 2015
Strongest wind gust 122 km/h at Woomera Aerodrome on 7 Dec 2015

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Kalamurina 130.8 on 31 Dec 2015 70.2 on 10 Jan 2015 34
Coffin Bay 75.8 on 2 Feb 2016 42.4 on 6 Dec 1990 32



Record highest summer total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Coffin Bay 118.3 87.0 in 2010 23 44.1
Stenhouse Bay 118.4 107.2 in 1999 20 49.6



Lowest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Hamley Bridge 14.0 12.4 in 1984* 62.9
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 10.2 4.2 in 1985* 54.6
Hawker (Wilson) 17.8 16.7 in 1987* 63.0
Sedan (Sandleton) 21.9 10.0 in 1991 52.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Mount Gambier Aero 27.2 = 27.2 in 2000 73 24.5
Coonawarra 28.9 28.8 in 2000 30 26.5



Record highest summer daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Loxton Research Centre 29.0 on 7 Dec 2015 28.2 on 11 Jan 2008 32 14.1
Renmark Aero 29.9 on 19 Dec 2015 29.4 on 9 Feb 2014 21 15.5



Record lowest summer temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 2.2 on 2 Dec 2015 3.1 on 5 Dec 1995 55 14.7
Adelaide (Kent Town) 7.9 on 2 Dec 2015 8.0 on 3 Dec 1987 40 16.7
Loxton Research Centre 4.4 on 12 Dec 2015 4.5 on 1 Dec 2001 32 14.1
Coonawarra 0.2 on 2 Dec 2015 = 0.2 on 9 Jan 1987 31 11.1
Nuriootpa Pirsa 1.1 on 2 Dec 2015 3.0 on 18 Dec 1996 20 13.8



Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 14.3 14.0 in 2000 21 13.1



Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Coonawarra 20.6 = 20.6 in 2000 30 18.8
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 19.2 = 19.2 in 2000 21 18.0



Summary statistics for summer 2015-16
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2015-16
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2015-16
Mean for
summer
2015-16
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2015-16
Total for
summer
2015-16
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2015-16
Fraction of
summer
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 36.5 +0.9 45.0 12 Jan 2016 21.6 +0.9 12.8 2 Dec 2015 13.8 60.5 v low 23%
Coober Pedy Airport 36.4 +0.9 44.2 23 Feb 2016 21.4 +0.2 12.8 2 Dec 2015 12.8 44.7 v low 29%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 34.5 +0.1 41.0 5 Dec 2015 20.4 +0.3 12.5 3 Dec 2015 119.6 123.4 average 97%
Mount Ive 34.2   44.3 19 Dec 2015 16.9   8.5 2 Dec 2015 49.8 44.6 average 112%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 36.5 +0.7 45.0 18 Dec 2015 20.9 +0.9 12.3 2 Dec 2015
Tarcoola Aero 36.2 +0.6 45.7 18 Dec 2015 19.4 +0.5 7.8 2 Dec 2015 20.2 55.0 low 37%
Woomera Aerodrome 35.3 +1.7 44.8 18 Dec 2015 20.3 +1.4 11.3 2 Dec 2015 19.4 49.3 low 39%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 35.7 +1.3 44.4 19 Dec 2015 20.8 +0.8 11.5 2 Dec 2015 56.0 72.3 average 77%
Marree Aero 37.3 +0.1 45.2 19 Dec 2015 21.9 +0.1 13.4 3 Dec 2015 46.8 60.6 average 77%
Moomba Airport 38.1 +0.8 45.6 6 Dec 2015 24.4 +1.0 16.3 31 Jan 2016 37.2 58.1 average 64%
Oodnadatta Airport 37.3 +0.4 44.2 6 Dec 2015 22.6 +0.4 14.1 3 Dec 2015 80.0 71.2 high 112%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 29.0 +0.9 45.3 5 Dec 2015 16.0 +1.2 5.7 2 Dec 2015 39.2 46.0 average 85%
Cleve 28.9 +1.3 42.2 19 Dec 2015 16.7 +1.5 8.0 2 Dec 2015 69.0 64.0 average 108%
Cleve Aerodrome 29.3 +1.0 43.1 19 Dec 2015 15.5 +0.1 7.6 2 Dec 2015 65.8 58.8 high 112%
Coulta (Coles Point) 27.8 +1.0 39.9 19 Jan 2016 15.1 +0.4 5.9 2 Dec 2015 85.8 44.5 high 193%
Cummins Aero 30.0   41.1 18 Dec 2015 14.5   1.5 2 Dec 2015 82.8
Elliston 26.1 +0.7 39.4 5 Dec 2015     9.6 12 Dec 2015 58.2 40.3 high 144%
Kimba 32.2 +1.6 43.5 18 Dec 2015 16.0 +0.8 6.8 2 Dec 2015 34.0 58.0 average 59%
Kyancutta 33.7 +1.6 45.5 18 Dec 2015 14.9 +1.0 3.9 2 Dec 2015 55.5 51.1 average 109%
Minnipa Pirsa 32.7 +0.7 44.0 18 Dec 2015 15.6 +0.2 6.5 2 Dec 2015 39.4 40.9 average 96%
Neptune Island 22.8 +1.2 35.1 19 Dec 2015 16.9 +1.0 12.9 2 Dec 2015 71.0 44.2 high 161%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 26.7 +1.2 42.7 19 Dec 2015 15.7 +0.4 7.9 2 Dec 2015 91.0 50.6 high 180%
Nullarbor 28.5 +1.1 45.5 12 Jan 2016 16.2 +0.9 8.3 3 Dec 2015 83.0 40.7 high 204%
Streaky Bay 29.2 +0.6 42.2 5 Dec 2015 16.9 +1.2 9.5 2 Dec 2015 64.0 40.0 high 160%
Whyalla Aero 30.8 +1.5 45.8 19 Dec 2015 18.1 +1.0 11.6 3 Dec 2015 45.4 58.9 average 77%
Wudinna Aero 33.6 +1.2 45.2 18 Dec 2015 14.9 +0.1 3.3 2 Dec 2015 40.8 45.2 average 90%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 35.0 +1.8 44.0 18 Dec 2015 18.1 +0.8 9.0 2 Dec 2015 27.6 63.3 average 44%
Yongala     41.4 19 Dec 2015 14.9 +2.1 2.7 2 Dec 2015 51.0 68.1 average 75%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 34.2 +1.6 44.6 23 Feb 2016 15.3 +0.3 4.4 12 Dec 2015 59.8 77.2 average 77%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 30.4 +1.3 41.7 19 Dec 2015 15.0 +0.9 3.5 2 Dec 2015 60.6 83.3 low 73%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 33.1   45.6 19 Dec 2015 16.7   6.4 2 Dec 2015 51.4
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 32.6 +0.9 45.2 19 Dec 2015 14.4 +0.6 4.4 12 Dec 2015 33.6 59.4 low 57%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 25.9 +1.2 40.0 19 Dec 2015 17.0 +0.8 7.7 1 Dec 2015 74.0 48.2 high 154%
Kadina AWS 31.6 +0.8 44.0 19 Dec 2015 14.8 +0.1 4.8 12 Dec 2015 37.6 51.3 average 73%
Minlaton Aero 29.9 +1.5 41.1 19 Dec 2015 15.2 +0.5 3.7 2 Dec 2015 46.4 50.5 average 92%
Stenhouse Bay 25.1 +0.7 39.9 30 Dec 2015 16.9 +0.6 11.2 29 Jan 2016 118.4 49.6 highest 239%
Warooka 28.0 +1.4 39.5 19 Dec 2015 16.3 +1.2 6.8 2 Dec 2015 74.4 49.7 high 150%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 25.1 +1.3 35.1 6 Dec 2015 14.6 +0.7 7.3 2 Dec 2015 92.0 56.8 high 162%
Cape Willoughby 22.3 +0.9 35.8 19 Dec 2015 16.4 +0.9 10.7 1 Dec 2015 58.8 59.6 average 99%
Kingscote Aero 27.1 +1.1 40.4 19 Dec 2015 13.4 +0.8 3.3 3 Dec 2015 82.6 52.2 high 158%
Parndana Cfs AWS 26.5   40.9 19 Dec 2015 12.9   3.2 2 Dec 2015 106.4
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 31.0 +2.4 43.2 19 Dec 2015 17.5 +0.8 7.9 2 Dec 2015 84.2 63.3 high 133%
Adelaide Airport 28.9 +1.6 41.4 17 Dec 2015 17.0 +1.4 7.2 2 Dec 2015 58.0 59.8 average 97%
Edinburgh RAAF 31.1 +1.8 43.5 19 Dec 2015 16.3 +0.3 6.5 2 Dec 2015 42.6 62.8 average 68%
Parafield Airport 31.4 +2.5 43.3 19 Dec 2015 16.4 +0.5 5.7 2 Dec 2015 51.2 64.2 average 80%
Roseworthy AWS 32.0 +1.2 44.5 19 Dec 2015 15.2 +1.2 4.8 2 Dec 2015 47.2 63.0 low 75%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 30.3 +1.4 41.6 6 Dec 2015 14.6 +0.8 1.1 2 Dec 2015 47.9 76.3 average 63%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 31.4 +1.6 43.0 6 Dec 2015 15.0 +0.3 2.2 2 Dec 2015 50.8 61.5 average 83%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 25.8 +0.9 41.2 17 Dec 2015 16.1 +0.6 9.5 3 Dec 2015 87.2 58.2 high 150%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 26.5 +1.3 39.3 19 Dec 2015 14.7 +1.1 6.6 2 Dec 2015 117.0 82.1 high 143%
Mount Barker 28.7 +2.3 41.0 19 Dec 2015 13.3 +1.9 4.6 2 Dec 2015 76.2 86.4 average 88%
Mount Crawford AWS 28.0 +1.5 39.7 6 Dec 2015 14.5 +1.1 5.6 12 Dec 2015 52.8 80.2 average 66%
Mount Lofty 25.1 +4.1 36.3 6 Dec 2015 13.4 +1.5 5.1 2 Dec 2015 133.4
Noarlunga 28.6 +1.0 41.2 19 Dec 2015 17.4 +1.0 7.7 2 Dec 2015 80.6 56.4 high 143%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 24.1 +1.3 37.9 17 Dec 2015 14.3 +1.2 7.3 2 Dec 2015 145.0 92.7 high 156%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 25.4 +1.1 41.7 19 Dec 2015 14.4 +0.4 6.5 13 Dec 2015 103.6 71.6 high 145%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 33.2 +2.2 43.7 23 Feb 2016 15.3 +1.2 4.4 12 Dec 2015 47.0 62.2 average 76%
Renmark Aero 34.1 +1.6 45.2 18 Dec 2015 16.4 +0.9 5.0 2 Dec 2015 36.6 63.1 average 58%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 30.5 +2.1 41.8 18 Dec 2015 15.4 +1.9 5.1 12 Dec 2015 62.4 70.9 average 88%
Meningie 27.3 +1.6 41.6 17 Dec 2015 14.8 +1.2 7.5 3 Dec 2015 100.4 59.3 high 169%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 30.7   43.5 19 Dec 2015 14.3   3.9 3 Dec 2015 36.0 62.2 average 58%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 28.3 +1.2 42.3 19 Dec 2015 14.7 +0.7 7.0 2 Dec 2015 71.4 61.5 high 116%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 31.8 +1.4 42.6 6 Dec 2015     4.5 2 Dec 2015 45.7 62.7 average 73%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 30.9 +1.7 42.5 19 Dec 2015 13.9 +1.1 3.5 2 Dec 2015 97.0 66.1 high 147%
Keith (Munkora) 30.8 +0.9 43.3 19 Dec 2015 13.1 +1.6 1.5 2 Dec 2015 112.8 67.7 high 167%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 31.8 +1.0 42.8 18 Dec 2015 14.4 +1.1 3.7 2 Dec 2015 45.8 70.4 average 65%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 24.9 +0.9 40.1 19 Dec 2015 13.9 +0.7 7.5 3 Dec 2015 80.0 58.5 high 137%
Coonawarra 28.9 +2.4 41.5 19 Dec 2015 12.3 +1.2 0.2 2 Dec 2015
Mount Gambier Aero 27.2 +2.7 42.8 19 Dec 2015 12.1 +1.1 4.1 2 Dec 2015 73.4 91.3 average 80%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 30.4 +1.7 42.8 19 Dec 2015 11.6 +0.5 2.2 2 Dec 2015 41.8 80.3 low 52%
Padthaway South 29.7 +1.6 40.4 18 Dec 2015 12.5 +0.7 1.9 2 Dec 2015 60.4 71.6 average 84%
Robe Airfield 25.5 +1.7 38.9 19 Dec 2015 12.8 +0.4 4.7 27 Dec 2015 78.2 75.4 average 104%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Tuesday 1 March 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

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