Monday, 3 March 2014 - Seasonal Climate Summary for Melbourne area - Product code IDCKGC26L0
Melbourne area in summer 2013-14: A Record Number of Hot Days
- Very hot days
- Warm nights at some stations
- Below average rainfall.
Overall temperatures warmer than normal
Mean temperatures (the average of maximum and minimum temperatures) were very much warmer than normal at some stations. The warmest station on average was Melbourne Regional Office with 21.6 °C, whilst the coolest on average was Ferny Creek with 18.2 °C.
Most stations observed their highest number of days above 41 °C on record. This includes Melbourne Regional Office who passed this mark on six occasions. Warmer than normal daytime temperatures were a feature of this summer as was one of southeast Australia most significant heatwaves.
Average maximum temperatures were very much hotter than normal at most stations. The hottest day was January 17 when Avalon Airport recorded 46.3 °C. Coldstream and Viewbank shared the warmest days on average with 28.1 °C, whilst Ferny Creek recorded the coolest days on average with 24.0 °C. The coldest day was December 5 when Ferny Creek recorded 11.4 °C.
Warm nights at some stations
Average overnight temperatures ranged from close to normal to very much warmer than usual. The coldest night was December 30 when Coldstream recorded 2.2 °C and Coldstream also recorded the coolest nights on average with 11.0 °C. Melbourne Regional Office recorded the warmest nights on average with 16.0 °C. The warmest night was January 15 when both Bundoora (Latrobe University) and Essendon Airport recorded 28.8 °C. A handful of stations had their warmest summer night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.
A dry summer
Rainfall totals in the Melbourne area were below average for summer. The wettest overall was Ferny Creek with 183.2 mm, whilst the driest was Avalon Airport with 48.0 mm. The wettest single day was February 20 when Ferny Creek recorded 32.6 mm on 20 Feb 2014. The majority of stations recorded half their normal rainfall for summer. Stations to Melbourne's east generally recorded over 100 mm but stations in the west received a little over 50 mm.
The strongest wind gust was at Laverton RAAF with 104 km/h on 28 Dec 2013
|Extremes in summer 2013-14|
46.3 °C at Avalon Airport on 17 Jan 2014|
|Warmest days on average||
28.1 °C at Coldstream|
28.1 °C at Viewbank
|Coolest days on average||
24.0 °C at Ferny Creek|
11.4 °C at Ferny Creek on 5 Dec 2013|
2.2 °C at Coldstream on 30 Dec 2013|
|Coolest nights on average||
11.0 °C at Coldstream|
|Warmest nights on average||
16.0 °C at Melbourne Regional Office|
28.8 °C at Bundoora (Latrobe University) on 15 Jan 2014|
28.8 °C at Essendon Airport on 15 Jan 2014
|Warmest on average overall||
21.6 °C at Melbourne Regional Office|
|Coolest on average overall||
18.2 °C at Ferny Creek|
183.2 mm at Ferny Creek|
48.0 mm at Avalon Airport|
32.6 mm at Ferny Creek on 20 Feb 2014|
|Highest wind gust||
104 km/h at Laverton RAAF on 28 Dec 2013|
|Record highest summer daily minimum temperature|
Highest daily minimum
in summer 2013-14 (°C)
|Essendon Airport||28.8||on 15 Jan 2014||26.7||on 29 Jan 1943||45||13.0|
|Moorabbin Airport||28.6||on 15 Jan 2014||28.0||on 21 Jan 1997||43||13.7|
|Bundoora (Latrobe University)||28.8||on 15 Jan 2014||28.5||on 1 Jan 2008||31||13.6|
|Viewbank||28.0||on 15 Jan 2014||26.3||on 1 Jan 2008||15||13.8|
|Summary statistics for summer 2013-14|
|East Central (district 86)|
|Bundoora (Latrobe University)||27.5||+1.5||44.2||17 Jan 2014||13.9||+0.3||6.7||6 Dec 2013||67.5||153.7||v low||44%|
|Cerberus||24.8||+1.0||42.9||17 Jan 2014||13.4||+0.1||6.2||7 Dec 2013||97.2||130.4||low||75%|
|Coldstream||28.1||+1.4||42.0||17 Jan 2014||11.0||-0.1||2.2||30 Dec 2013||127.4||154.7||average||82%|
|Cranbourne Botanic Gardens||25.9||+1.0||42.0||17 Jan 2014||13.0||-0.1||7.1||6 Dec 2013||105.8||164.1||low||64%|
|Essendon Airport||27.4||+1.9||43.9||17 Jan 2014||14.3||+1.3||6.1||6 Dec 2013||62.6||140.6||v low||45%|
|Ferny Creek||24.0||38.6||17 Jan 2014||12.3||4.6||6 Dec 2013||183.2|
|Melbourne (Olympic Park)||26.1||43.4||16 Jan 2014||15.6||8.2||6 Dec 2013||76.4|
|Melbourne Airport||27.5||+1.7||43.9||17 Jan 2014||13.8||+0.5||6.2||6 Dec 2013||57.0||132.6||low||43%|
|Melbourne Regional Office||27.2||+1.9||43.9||17 Jan 2014||16.0||+2.0||7.9||6 Dec 2013||78.0||154.2||low||51%|
|Moorabbin Airport||26.6||+1.4||43.7||17 Jan 2014||14.5||+0.8||7.1||1 Dec 2013||101.4||150.2||low||68%|
|Scoresby Research Institute||27.5||+2.0||42.4||16 Jan 2014||13.5||+0.5||5.3||30 Dec 2013||122.8||182.8||low||67%|
|Viewbank||28.1||+1.3||43.9||16 Jan 2014||14.0||+0.2||6.0||6 Dec 2013||76.2||157.5||v low||48%|
|West Central (district 87)|
|Avalon Airport||26.9||+1.4||46.3||17 Jan 2014||13.5||+0.1||5.6||7 Dec 2013||48.0||93.3||low||51%|
|Laverton RAAF||26.5||+1.5||44.7||17 Jan 2014||14.1||+0.8||5.9||6 Dec 2013||62.4||131.8||v low||47%|
A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Melbourne area using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.
This statement has been prepared based on information available at 2 pm on Monday 3 March 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.
Averages are long-term means based on observations from
all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site.
They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.
The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site,
based on the
(very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3,
average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9
and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.
The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.