Victoria in winter 2019: mostly mild days and nights in the east and south

Winter rainfall in Victoria was below average across much of the north and east of the State, while in parts of the south it was above average. Daytime temperatures were warmer than average in most of the eastern and south-central Victoria, with very much above average daytime temperatures in most of East Gippsland. Night-time temperatures were warmer than average across much of southern Victoria and only the elevated regions of the Victorian Alps had cooler than average nights

Below average rainfall

  • Winter rainfall in Victoria was below average across much of the north and east of the State
  • Parts of the southern Victoria had wetter than average winter
  • State-wide, rainfall was about 11% below the winter average of 203 mm
  • Cold fronts brought widespread heavy rainfall to Victoria on several occasions, and some places had their highest winter daily rainfall on record
  • Falls Creek had its highest total winter rainfall on record, while Ballan and Yan Yean had their highest total winter rainfall for at least 20 years
  • With 727.3 mm recorded during this winter, the wettest place in Victoria was Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
  • In contrast, Mildura recorded only 29.4 mm this season
  • Mallacoota had its lowest total winter rainfall for at least 20 years
  • Year-to-date rainfall was below average in most of the State, and very much below average in the far northwest and scattered pockets in the central and southeastern Victoria

Mild days and nights in the east and south

  • Daytime temperatures were warmer than average in most of the eastern and south-central Victoria, owing to warm daytime temperatures during June and July
  • Night-time temperatures were warmer than average across most of southern Victoria this winter, but cool in the north during August
  • Portland (Cashmore Airport) had its warmest winter night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record on 29 June
  • Warmest night this season in Victoria saw 14.7 °C at Cape Otway Lighthouse, also on 29 June
  • State-wide, daytime and night-time temperatures during winter were 0.49 °C and 0.52 °C above average respectively
  • Only the elevated regions of the Victorian Alps had cooler than average nights this winter
  • The warmest day saw 24.2 °C at Ouyen Post Office on 24 August, in a warm northwesterly airflow preceding an approaching front
  • There were some cold nights, with clear skies and light winds under the high pressure systems
  • The lowest night-time temperature recorded in Victoria this winter was -8.1 °C at Falls Creek on 20 June
  • Year-to-date mean temperature was very much above average in most of the State, and highest on record in parts of southern Victoria. State-wide, mean temperature likely to be in 3 highest on record

Strong winds and snow

  • Strong, gusty and damaging winds occurred on a number of days through the season
  • The strongest wind gusts during winter were recorded on 14 June, with gusts of 148 km/h reported at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse
  • 40 to 50 cm of snow fell across the Alpine areas between 12 and 14 June, in a cold outbreak following the passage of several cold fronts
  • Widespread heavy snow fell in the Alpine areas and to the lower levels, including Dandenong Ranges, on 10 and 11 August; this was the most widespread snowfall since 2008

Further information

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Extremes in winter 2019
Hottest day 24.2 °C at Ouyen (Post Office) on 24 Aug
Warmest days on average 17.0 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 2.2 °C at Falls Creek
Coldest day -4.4 °C at Mount Hotham on 13 Jul
-4.4 °C at Mount Hotham on 10 Aug
Coldest night -8.1 °C at Falls Creek on 20 Jun
Coolest nights on average -2.8 °C at Falls Creek
Warmest nights on average 9.5 °C at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse
Warmest night 14.7 °C at Cape Otway Lighthouse on 29 Jun
Warmest on average overall 12.2 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Coolest on average overall -0.3 °C at Falls Creek
Wettest overall 727.3 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
Wettest day 149.0 mm at Cape Liptrap (Illawong) on 8 Jun
Strongest wind gust 148 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on 14 Jul

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest winter daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Cape Schanck 34.2 on 3 Jun 33.2 on 6 Jul 2016 20
Manangatang (Chinkapook) 28.0 on 8 Jul 22.4 on 4 Aug 2017 20



Record highest winter total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Falls Creek 519.6 504.3 in 1998 24 317.1

Highest winter total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Ballan 295.3 325.0 in 1978* 192.5
Yan Yean 208.0 254.4 in 1991 161.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Lowest winter total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
winter
Mallacoota 135.8 132.2 in 1999 243.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record lowest winter daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Viewbank 7.8 on 23 Jun 8.1 on 3 Aug 2017 20 14.5



Record highest winter daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 14.1 on 29 Jun 14.0 on 9 Jun 1995 38 6.6



Summary statistics for winter 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2019
Mean for
winter
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2019
Total for
winter
2019
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2019
Fraction of
winter
average
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 13.9 -0.1 18.0 18 Aug 2.7 -0.7 -2.3 24 Jun 116.4 191.5 low 61%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Deniliquin Airport AWS 15.2 0.0 21.1 18 Aug 3.8 0.0 -2.1 24 Jun 76.6 90.7 average 84%
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 17.0 +0.7 24.1 24 Aug 4.9 0.0 -1.9 24 Jun 30.2 72.2 v low 42%
Ouyen (Post Office) 16.4 +0.4 24.2 24 Aug 5.2 +0.4 -0.8 24 Jun 69.0 91.5 low 75%
Walpeup Research 16.1 +0.7 23.6 24 Aug 5.2 -0.1 -0.8 29 Aug 34.0 94.7
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 15.4 -0.3 22.8 24 Aug 3.9 +0.3 -2.7 26 Aug 91.8 75.4 average 122%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 15.4 -0.2 21.9 24 Aug 4.0 0.0 -1.9 24 Jun 71.6 81.3 average 88%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 14.7   20.8 24 Aug 4.1   -1.4 25 Aug 133.8
Nhill Aerodrome 14.5 -0.2 21.2 28 Jun 4.9 +0.3 -1.0 23 Jun 155.2 118.2 high 131%
Warracknabeal Museum 14.6 -0.2 21.0 24 Aug 4.0 -0.2 -2.0 23 Jun 145.7 120.9 high 121%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 14.1 +0.1 20.7 28 Jun 5.4 +0.3 -1.9 19 Jun 132.0 181.1 low 73%
Grampians (Mount William) 5.6 -0.1 11.1 7 Jun 1.2 -0.1 -2.6 19 Aug 435.8 456.6 average 95%
Horsham Aerodrome 14.3 -0.1 20.2 28 Jun 3.7 +0.4 -3.1 24 Jun 132.8 119.0 average 112%
Kanagulk 13.6 0.0 20.1 28 Jun 4.6 +0.2 -3.0 24 Jun 207.8 184.5 average 113%
Longerenong 14.1 +0.1 19.6 24 Aug 4.0 +0.2 -2.1 30 Aug 150.8 131.0 average 115%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 8.2 +0.3 13.7 31 Aug 3.0 0.0 -1.6 11 Aug 237.0 240.6 average 99%
Stawell Aerodrome 13.0 -0.2 17.5 31 Aug 4.6 +0.1 -2.6 24 Jun 165.4 162.8 average 102%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 14.4 -0.4 21.4 24 Aug 3.9 -0.1 -2.2 24 Jun 132.2 104.5 average 127%
Echuca Aerodrome 14.7 +0.4 19.9 24 Aug 4.0 -0.4 -2.5 24 Jun 112.2 125.5 average 89%
Kerang 15.4 +0.4 21.5 24 Aug 4.6 +0.1 -0.8 23 Aug 82.6 107.4 low 77%
Kyabram 14.2 +0.2 18.6 24 Aug 3.8 +0.2 -2.6 24 Jun 107.6 125.7 average 86%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 13.6 +0.2 18.6 24 Aug 3.5 +0.5 -1.9 23 Aug 137.8 156.5 average 88%
Shepparton Airport 14.1 0.0 18.6 18 Aug 3.8 +0.3 -2.3 24 Jun 98.2 124.1 low 79%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 13.9 0.0 17.9 18 Aug 3.8 +0.3 -2.0 24 Jun 109.8 136.6 average 80%
Yarrawonga 14.3 -0.2 18.6 18 Aug 3.3 -0.4 -2.7 23 Jun 98.0 126.3 average 78%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Corryong Airport 12.4 -0.1 17.1 24 Aug 0.6 -0.7 -6.0 24 Jun 142.8 224.9 v low 63%
Dartmouth Reservoir 12.9 +0.3 17.7 30 Aug 2.7 0.0 -2.0 26 Jun 232.4 336.1 low 69%
Hunters Hill 8.7 +0.5 13.7 5 Jul 2.3 -0.2 -1.8 10 Aug 339.6 423.2 low 80%
Rutherglen Research 13.7 +0.4 18.1 18 Aug 1.9 -0.5 -3.8 22 Jun 101.2 178.1 low 57%
Strathbogie 11.2 +0.2 15.7 5 Jul 2.0 0.0 -4.5 24 Jun 276.8 350.7 low 79%
Wangaratta Aero 13.8 0.0 18.0 18 Aug 2.3 -0.5 -3.6 24 Jun 129.4 187.7 low 69%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 2.2 +0.2 11.7 7 Jun -2.8 -0.4 -8.1 20 Jun 519.6 317.1 highest 164%
Mount Buller 2.3 +0.2 10.9 7 Jun -2.4 -0.2 -7.6 20 Jun 577.4 507.4 average 114%
Omeo 11.4 +0.1 16.6 18 Aug 0.6 -0.4 -4.6 25 Jun 121.6 168.7 low 72%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 12.3 +0.3 19.7 18 Aug 5.0 -0.3 0.4 23 Aug 148.6 246.5 low 60%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 15.2 +0.7 20.9 12 Jul 9.1 +0.4 6.3 20 Jul 116.0 258.6 v low 45%
Gelantipy 10.6 +0.3 17.5 18 Aug 2.2 -0.5 -3.0 23 Aug 141.8 181.3 average 78%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 15.7 +0.2 23.6 18 Aug 6.2 +0.1 -2.0 24 Aug 92.2 192.3 v low 48%
Mallacoota 15.5 +0.1 21.0 12 Jul 6.7 +0.1 1.3 27 Aug 135.8 243.4 low 56%
Mount Nowa Nowa 13.9 +0.4 21.1 18 Aug 6.2 -0.2 2.5 23 Aug 136.6 201.9 average 68%
Orbost 15.5 0.0 23.6 18 Aug 5.9 -0.1 1.2 25 Jun
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 15.0 +0.3 21.0 29 Jun 8.5 -0.1 5.5 25 Jun 181.4 289.7 low 63%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 15.6 +0.5 23.4 18 Aug 4.0 -0.3 -1.8 26 Jun 90.4 150.6 low 60%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 14.0   20.9 18 Aug 6.6   -0.7 25 Jun 278.0
East Sale 15.2 +0.8 23.2 18 Aug 3.9 0.0 -3.0 25 Jun 105.8 133.6 average 79%
East Sale Airport 15.3   22.8 18 Aug 4.0   -3.2 27 Jun 122.8
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 14.3 +0.1 22.4 18 Aug 4.1 0.0 -2.5 24 Jun 255.2 191.0 high 134%
Mount Baw Baw 3.3 +0.5 10.0 7 Jun -1.3 -0.1 -5.3 23 Aug 613.4 496.1 high 124%
Mount Moornapa 13.3 +0.5 21.0 24 Aug 5.5 -0.1 1.6 23 Aug 124.0 210.5 average 59%
Nilma North (Warragul) 13.6   20.6 18 Aug 4.8   -2.8 25 Jun 328.2
Pound Creek 14.4 +0.1 20.9 18 Aug 6.4 +0.3 -2.3 25 Jun 312.4 275.7 high 113%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 13.3 +0.6 20.8 18 Aug 9.5 +0.8 5.7 20 Aug 342.0 365.1 average 94%
Yarram Airport 14.8 0.0 22.6 18 Aug 4.6 -0.1 -3.4 27 Jun 152.4 158.1 average 96%
East Central (district 86)
Cerberus 14.3 +0.1 19.6 28 Jun 7.0 +0.4 -1.0 25 Jun 285.4 221.8 high 129%
Coldstream 14.1 +0.1 19.1 18 Aug 4.4 +0.3 -2.0 26 Jun 224.4 197.5 high 114%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 14.3 +0.3 19.5 18 Aug     0.2 24 Jun 282.8 231.1 high 122%
Essendon Airport 14.6 +0.9 18.5 8 Jun 6.9 +1.2 1.1 25 Jun 148.8 131.3 average 113%
Ferny Creek 10.3   15.6 18 Aug 5.3   0.2 10 Aug 380.2
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 15.0   19.5 28 Jun 8.0   2.3 30 Aug 146.4
Melbourne Airport 14.4 +0.6 18.8 8 Jun 6.3 +0.5 0.2 30 Aug 131.8 119.8 average 110%
Moorabbin Airport 14.7 +0.4 20.6 18 Aug 7.3 +0.7 0.3 25 Jun 201.6 182.8 average 110%
Rhyll 14.0 +0.1 18.3 18 Aug 8.6 +0.1 3.7 24 Jun 302.8 214.2 high 141%
Scoresby Research Institute 14.2 +0.6 19.5 18 Aug 6.6 +0.5 0.0 31 Jul 244.0 223.1 average 109%
Viewbank 14.4 -0.1 19.4 18 Aug 6.4 +0.3 -0.1 30 Aug 187.2 158.6 high 118%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 14.6 -0.2 20.2 24 Aug 6.1 +0.6 -0.5 24 Jun 152.6 120.4 high 127%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 14.6   19.6 31 Aug 6.7   0.3 24 Jun 182.2
Laverton RAAF 14.6 +0.3 19.6 24 Aug 6.7 +1.2 0.3 30 Aug 142.8 121.4 high 118%
Sheoaks 12.8 0.0 17.6 28 Jun 5.7 +0.4 -0.8 24 Jun 165.6 127.0 high 130%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 12.5 -0.1 16.8 28 Jun 3.8 +0.5 -3.0 23 Jun 192.8 183.2 average 105%
Eildon Fire Tower 10.1 +0.1 15.5 5 Jul 4.0 -0.3 -0.6 11 Aug 182.2 206.5 average 88%
Lake Eildon 13.0 +0.2 18.0 28 Jun 3.8 -0.2 -1.5 24 Jun 228.4 284.4 low 80%
Mangalore Airport 13.4 0.0 17.0 5 Jul 3.5 -0.2 -2.7 31 Aug 113.0 170.0 low 66%
Maryborough 13.5 +0.5 18.8 24 Aug 4.0 +0.2 -1.4 24 Jun 155.2 165.6 average 94%
Puckapunyal Lyon Hill (Defence) 13.2   17.2 24 Aug 5.2   -0.5 19 Jun 121.0
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 12.6   16.4 24 Aug 4.8   0.4 23 Aug 156.0
Redesdale 13.4 +0.6 17.4 24 Aug 3.2 -0.1 -2.7 23 Aug 161.2 185.3 average 87%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 10.2 +0.3 14.0 30 Aug 4.5 +0.1 0.2 11 Aug 206.6 191.2 average 108%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 13.0 +0.6 16.8 31 Aug 4.4 +0.7 -4.8 24 Jun 232.0 188.2 high 123%
Ballarat Aerodrome 11.0 +0.2 15.2 31 Aug 3.8 +0.2 -2.5 24 Jun 223.0 202.9 high 110%
Westmere 12.6 -0.2 16.7 31 Aug 5.0 +0.7 -2.7 30 Aug 170.2 155.4 average 110%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 14.2 +0.3 19.8 28 Jun 7.6 0.0 3.7 11 Aug 208.6 195.6 average 107%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 14.1 -0.1 19.8 31 Aug 9.0 +0.3 4.5 10 Aug 303.8 291.2 average 104%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 13.6 +0.1 18.9 31 Aug 8.8 +0.8 4.8 10 Aug 364.8 307.7 high 119%
Casterton 13.6 -0.1 19.7 28 Jun 5.5 +0.4 -3.3 24 Jun 233.4 232.1 average 101%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 12.2 0.0 16.4 28 Jun 5.9 +0.3 0.9 10 Aug 197.2 174.9 high 113%
Dartmoor 14.0 0.0 20.4 28 Jun 5.9 +0.4 -2.8 24 Jun 275.0 304.2 low 90%
Hamilton Airport 12.6 -0.2 17.8 31 Aug 5.1 +0.4 -2.4 24 Jun 225.6 216.7 average 104%
Mortlake Racecourse 14.0 +0.5 18.3 31 Aug 5.2 +0.5 -3.0 24 Jun 241.6 182.1 high 133%
Port Fairy AWS 14.6 0.0 19.8 28 Jun 7.4 +0.2 0.4 24 Jun 236.2 254.0 average 93%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 13.8 +0.2 19.8 28 Jun 6.7 +0.1 -0.7 24 Jun 333.0 330.2 average 101%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 13.7 -0.3 19.6 28 Jun 6.1 +0.4 -1.9 24 Jun 297.4 259.2 average 115%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 2 September 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries