Victoria in summer 2018-19: the warmest summer on record

Rainfall during summer 2018–2019 was below average for Victoria as a whole. Mean daytime and night-time temperatures were warmer than average across the State. Overall, it was Victoria's warmest summer on record

Below average rainfall

  • State-wide, summer rainfall was 12% below the long-term summer mean of 120 mm
  • Rainfall during summer was above average in parts of Victoria's north, while in parts of the State's south and southeast it was below average
  • Victoria's rainfall in December was 44% above average, while in January and February it was 72% and 29% below average respectively
  • Many sites (some with more than 100 year of data) had their highest summer daily rainfall on record from a rain event in mid-December, when a slow-moving low pressure trough brought moisture from the tropics, and subsequently deepened into a low pressure system over central parts of the State
  • The highest daily rainfall total this summer, 134.0 mm, was recorded at Bloomfield Park on 13 December
  • With 356.0 mm Falls Creek was the wettest site in Victoria this summer

The warmest summer on record

Storms, flash floods and bushfires

  • Strong winds, heavy rain, and severe thunderstorms affected Victoria on 13 and 14 December; about a month's worth of rain fell over northeastern Victoria, resulting in flash flooding
  • About 200,000 homes across Victoria were hit by power blackouts as temperatures soared on 25 January
  • Thunderstorms, produced damaging winds on 30 January; wind gusts exceeded 70 km/h at many sites across the State; the SES reported more than 800 calls for assistance, mostly due to wind damage
  • A gust front associated with a line of thunderstorms developed over the western parts of Victoria on 6 February; winds in excess of 70 km/h resulted in dust-storms, which were reported in Birchip, Kerang, Swan Hill and Wycherproof. The SES received more than 200 calls for help, mostly for fallen trees, powerlines and building damage
  • Several bushfires burnt through areas of central and eastern Victoria during January and the beginning of February; a bushfire near Rosedale in Gippsland burnt more than 10,000 hectares at the beginning of January, while the one in Timbarra in East Gippsland burnt more than 15,000 hectares at the beginning of February

Further information

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Extremes in summer 2018-19
Hottest day 47.6 °C at Kerang on 25 Jan 2019
Warmest days on average 34.6 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 18.4 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Coldest day 3.5 °C at Mount Baw Baw on 13 Feb 2019
Coldest night -3.0 °C at Mount Hotham on 13 Feb 2019
Coolest nights on average 9.1 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Warmest nights on average 18.1 °C at Mildura Airport
Warmest night 29.3 °C at Rutherglen Research on 25 Jan 2019
Warmest on average overall 26.3 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 13.6 °C at Mount Baw Baw
Wettest overall 356.0 mm at Falls Creek (Rocky Valley)
Wettest day 134.0 mm at Bloomfield Park (Everton) on 13 Dec 2018
Strongest wind gust 115 km/h at Mount Hotham on 2 Dec 2018
115 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on 3 Dec 2018

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
St Arnaud (Coonooer Bridge) 86.6 on 14 Dec 2018 77.2 on 7 Feb 1957 133
Ninyeunook 63.0 on 14 Dec 2018 57.4 on 12 Dec 1963 130
Birchip (Woodlands) 130.2 on 14 Dec 2018 119.4 on 14 Dec 1961 128
Boort (Gredgwin) 74.6 on 14 Dec 2018 72.6 on 10 Jan 2011 103
Charlton (Donald St) 93.0 on 14 Dec 2018 77.0 on 19 Feb 1973 61
Glenthompson 73.0 on 15 Dec 2018 68.0 on 14 Jan 2011 55
Birchip Cropping Group 127.2 on 14 Dec 2018 84.8 on 20 Feb 1973 46
Cann River 91.0 on 6 Feb 2019 90.6 on 28 Feb 2007 46



Highest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Birchip Cropping Group 204.3 229.0 in 1972* 66.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Lowest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Avalon Airport 43.6 27.4 in 1996 93.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest summer temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Kerang 47.6 on 25 Jan 2019 46.9 on 7 Feb 2009 107 30.9
East Sale 44.6 on 25 Jan 2019 = 44.6 on 24 Jan 1982 74 24.8
Echuca Aerodrome 46.9 on 25 Jan 2019 46.8 on 7 Feb 2009 63 30.2
Mangalore Airport 46.3 on 25 Jan 2019 46.1 on 7 Feb 2009 61 28.7
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 44.8 on 25 Jan 2019 = 44.8 on 7 Feb 2009 55 29.0
Kyabram 47.1 on 25 Jan 2019 46.6 on 7 Feb 2009 54 29.6
Castlemaine Prison 45.0 on 25 Jan 2019 43.9 on 7 Feb 2009 51 27.4
Bendigo Airport 45.9 on 25 Jan 2019 45.4 on 7 Feb 2009 28 29.0
Mount Hotham 28.1 on 16 Jan 2019 = 28.1 on 16 Jan 2014 28 15.3
Hunters Hill 38.3 on 16 Jan 2019 37.4 on 30 Jan 2009 26 24.7
Mount Moornapa 43.7 on 25 Jan 2019 43.5 on 17 Jan 2014 26 24.5
Redesdale 46.1 on 25 Jan 2019 45.0 on 7 Feb 2009 26 28.5
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 43.2 on 25 Jan 2019 42.7 on 7 Feb 2009 26 24.0
Mount Nowa Nowa 44.5 on 25 Jan 2019 43.4 on 17 Jan 2014 24 24.0
Shepparton Airport 46.2 on 25 Jan 2019 46.1 on 7 Feb 2009 23 30.6
Swan Hill Aerodrome 47.5 on 25 Jan 2019 46.9 on 7 Feb 2009 23 32.0



Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Echuca Aerodrome 33.6 33.4 in 1899 136 30.2
Ballarat Aerodrome 27.8 27.5 in 1980 109 24.3
Kerang 34.5 34.1 in 1905 107 30.9
Rutherglen Research 33.8 33.5 in 1938 104 30.5
Ouyen (Post Office) 34.2 34.1 in 1980 81 31.5
East Sale 27.6 27.0 in 2000 73 24.8
Mildura Airport 34.6 34.5 in 2000 72 31.5
Walpeup Research 34.3 33.7 in 2017 67 31.1
Scoresby Research Institute 28.6 28.0 in 2015 58 25.7
Mangalore Airport 31.9 31.3 in 1980 57 28.7
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 31.8 31.0 in 1980 53 29.0
Kyabram 33.3 32.4 in 2013 51 29.6
Ararat Prison 29.2 28.7 in 2000 49 26.3
Essendon Airport 27.8 27.7 in 1950 48 25.6
Lake Eildon 31.2 30.6 in 2006 48 28.2
Castlemaine Prison 30.0 29.8 in 1980 47 27.4
Strathbogie 29.4 29.2 in 1980 39 26.5
Dartmouth Reservoir 31.1 = 31.1 in 1982 38 28.5
Bairnsdale Airport 27.3 27.2 in 2000 37 25.1
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 29.1 28.6 in 2006 33 26.0
Wangaratta Aero 33.2 32.6 in 2002 31 30.7
Mount Buller 19.0 18.7 in 2006 29 16.4
Aireys Inlet 25.0 24.6 in 2017 27 22.5
Falls Creek 18.7 18.6 in 2002 27 16.8
Mortlake Racecourse 27.9 27.7 in 2015 27 25.4
Sheoaks 27.8 26.9 in 2015 27 25.1
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 27.1 26.7 in 2006 26 25.0
Gelantipy 25.3 24.5 in 1997 26 22.9
Mallacoota 25.0 24.7 in 2005 25 23.5
Mount Moornapa 27.3 26.4 in 2000 25 24.5
Redesdale 32.2 30.9 in 2013 25 28.5
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 27.0 26.3 in 2015 25 24.0
Yarrawonga 34.0 33.1 in 2013 25 31.5
Coldstream 29.3 28.8 in 2015 24 27.0
Combienbar AWS 26.8 26.3 in 2006 24 24.4
Avalon Airport 27.7 27.1 in 2017 23 25.7
Mount Nowa Nowa 26.7 25.7 in 2013 23 24.0
Eildon Fire Tower 28.1 27.5 in 2012 22 26.0
Shepparton Airport 33.1 32.1 in 2013 22 30.6
Swan Hill Aerodrome 34.3 33.6 in 2013 22 32.0
Horsham Aerodrome 32.0 = 32.0 in 2000 21 30.0

Highest summer mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 22.2 22.4 in 1886* 19.9
Gabo Island Lighthouse 22.9 23.7 in 1895* 20.9
Maryborough 31.0 31.3 in 1905* 28.1
Longerenong 32.5 32.8 in 1897* 29.3
Moorabbin Airport 27.2 27.9 in 1980 25.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest summer daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Rutherglen Research 29.3 on 25 Jan 2019 29.2 on 24 Dec 1942 102 13.0
Dartmouth Reservoir 25.1 on 26 Jan 2019 24.4 on 25 Jan 1982 41 13.1



Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Kerang 16.9 16.8 in 1980 106 14.6
Rutherglen Research 16.2 15.6 in 1972 104 13.0
East Sale 14.3 = 14.3 in 1980 73 12.5
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 15.7 = 15.7 in 1980 53 13.7
Kyabram 15.9 15.6 in 2015 51 14.0
Essendon Airport 15.3 15.2 in 2017 48 13.2
Moorabbin Airport 15.7 15.6 in 1980 47 13.8
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 16.5 16.4 in 2000 47 15.3
Dartmouth Reservoir 15.4 14.7 in 1980 38 13.1
Bairnsdale Airport 14.3 13.8 in 2014 37 12.4
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 13.8 13.6 in 2000 33 12.4
Wangaratta Aero 15.1 14.9 in 1994 31 13.2
Mount Buller 10.2 10.1 in 1994 30 8.0
Falls Creek 10.0 9.7 in 2000 27 7.9
Gelantipy 12.5 11.9 in 2000 26 10.9
Mallacoota 16.5 16.2 in 2017 25 15.0
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 13.0 12.9 in 2015 25 11.8
Yarrawonga 17.4 16.4 in 2007 25 15.0
Combienbar AWS 14.8 13.9 in 2000 24 12.8
Avalon Airport 14.6 = 14.6 in 1998 23 13.5
Mount Nowa Nowa 15.2 14.5 in 2000 23 13.6
Eildon Fire Tower 14.2 14.0 in 2017 22 12.9
Shepparton Airport 16.5 15.7 in 2015 22 14.4
Swan Hill Aerodrome 16.9 16.4 in 2015 22 15.3

Highest summer mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Mangalore Airport 15.0 15.6 in 1980 13.5
Echuca Aerodrome 16.2 16.3 in 1980* 14.6
Strathbogie 12.3 12.5 in 1998 11.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 19.1 18.9 in 2000 138 16.9
Kerang 25.8 25.4 in 1905 106 22.8
Rutherglen Research 25.0 24.3 in 1938 104 21.8
East Sale 21.0 20.3 in 2000 73 18.6
Walpeup Research 25.4 25.3 in 1980 66 23.0
Scoresby Research Institute 21.6 = 21.6 in 1980 58 19.4
Mangalore Airport 23.5 = 23.5 in 1980 57 21.1
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 23.7 23.4 in 1980 53 21.3
Kyabram 24.6 23.7 in 2015 51 21.8
Essendon Airport 21.6 21.4 in 2015 48 19.4
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 21.0 20.9 in 2017 47 19.3
Strathbogie 20.8 = 20.8 in 1980 38 18.8
Bairnsdale Airport 20.8 20.2 in 2000 37 18.7
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 21.4 20.9 in 2000 33 19.2
Wangaratta Aero 24.2 23.3 in 2000 31 22.0
Mount Buller 14.6 13.9 in 1994 29 12.2
Aireys Inlet 19.7 = 19.7 in 2017 27 18.1
Falls Creek 14.4 14.0 in 2000 27 12.3
Mortlake Racecourse 19.6 = 19.6 in 2000 27 18.0
Sheoaks 20.4 20.0 in 2000 27 18.5
Gelantipy 18.9 17.9 in 2013 26 16.9
Mallacoota 20.8 20.4 in 2017 25 19.3
Mount Moornapa 20.7 20.3 in 2000 25 18.6
Redesdale 22.7 22.0 in 2015 25 20.4
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 20.0 19.6 in 2015 25 17.9
Yarrawonga 25.7 24.4 in 2017 25 23.2
Coldstream 20.9 20.3 in 2017 24 19.1
Combienbar AWS 20.8 19.8 in 2006 24 18.6
Avalon Airport 21.1 20.8 in 2017 23 19.6
Mount Nowa Nowa 20.9 20.1 in 2000 23 18.8
Eildon Fire Tower 21.2 20.6 in 2000 22 19.5
Shepparton Airport 24.8 23.5 in 2006 22 22.5
Swan Hill Aerodrome 25.6 24.9 in 2000 22 23.7

Highest summer mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Echuca Aerodrome 24.9 25.0 in 1897* 22.4
Maryborough 22.3 22.5 in 1980 20.3
Moorabbin Airport 21.4 21.8 in 1980 19.5
Ballarat Aerodrome 19.9 20.2 in 1980* 17.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for summer 2018-19
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2018-19
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2018-19
Mean for
summer
2018-19
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2018-19
Total for
summer
2018-19
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2018-19
Fraction of
summer
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 34.6 +3.1 46.4 4 Jan 2019 18.1 +2.0 8.5 13 Feb 2019 50.0 69.3 average 72%
Ouyen (Post Office) 34.2 +2.7 46.7 4 Jan 2019 16.9 +2.0 7.5 13 Feb 2019 77.1 70.3 average 110%
Walpeup Research 34.3 +3.2 46.6 4 Jan 2019 16.5 +1.7 6.8 13 Feb 2019 72.8 69.5 average 105%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 33.5 +1.6 46.0 4 Jan 2019 15.6 +1.2 6.3 10 Feb 2019 146.2 80.2 high 182%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 34.3 +2.3 47.5 25 Jan 2019 16.9 +1.6 8.1 1 Dec 2018 57.4 68.6 average 84%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 32.7   44.7 4 Jan 2019 14.2   6.3 14 Feb 2019 117.8
Nhill Aerodrome 31.7 +1.4 43.8 24 Jan 2019 13.9 +0.7 6.6 1 Feb 2019 81.6 69.1 average 118%
Warracknabeal Museum 32.4 +2.2 44.0 4 Jan 2019 14.5 +1.0 7.1 14 Feb 2019 125.4 75.0 v high 167%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 29.9 +1.5 43.6 24 Jan 2019 12.7 +0.2 5.3 10 Jan 2019 83.0 88.7 average 94%
Grampians (Mount William) 22.0 +2.1 34.4 24 Jan 2019 10.8 +1.6 2.3 13 Feb 2019 117.6 168.2 low 70%
Horsham Aerodrome 32.0 +2.0 44.6 4 Jan 2019 12.7 +0.8 5.6 19 Feb 2019 41.0 75.5 v low 54%
Kanagulk 30.2 +1.6 43.3 24 Jan 2019 12.1 0.0 5.6 10 Jan 2019 70.8 95.5 average 74%
Longerenong 32.5 +3.2 44.8 4 Jan 2019 13.7 +1.2 6.1 10 Jan 2019 32.4 74.6 low 43%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 26.1 +2.2 39.3 25 Jan 2019 12.9 +1.3 4.2 13 Feb 2019 110.8 120.4 average 92%
Stawell Aerodrome 30.1 +1.9 42.8 4 Jan 2019 13.2 +0.3 6.4 1 Dec 2018 90.6 98.9 average 92%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 33.1 +1.8 45.2 4 Jan 2019 15.5 +1.0 7.3 1 Dec 2018 125.0 81.9 high 153%
Echuca Aerodrome 33.6 +3.4 46.9 25 Jan 2019 16.2 +1.6 8.2 14 Feb 2019 73.1 83.4 average 88%
Kerang 34.5 +3.6 47.6 25 Jan 2019 16.9 +2.3 8.5 13 Feb 2019 57.4 74.4 average 77%
Kyabram 33.3 +3.7 47.1 25 Jan 2019 15.9 +1.9 7.6 1 Dec 2018 69.0 96.3 average 72%
Upper North (district 81)
Shepparton Airport 33.1 +2.5 46.2 25 Jan 2019 16.5 +2.1 8.2 10 Feb 2019 49.8 98.1 v low 51%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 31.8 +2.8 44.8 25 Jan 2019 15.7 +2.0 7.0 1 Dec 2018 73.2 101.9 average 72%
Yarrawonga 34.0 +2.5 45.8 25 Jan 2019 17.4 +2.4 7.7 14 Feb 2019 110.6 119.7 average 92%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 33.0 +2.2 44.8 25 Jan 2019 16.5 +1.8 5.0 13 Feb 2019 115.1 137.3 average 84%
Dartmouth Reservoir 31.1 +2.6 40.9 25 Jan 2019 15.4 +2.3 4.9 3 Dec 2018 165.4 189.9 average 87%
Rutherglen Research 33.8 +3.3 45.9 16 Jan 2019 16.2 +3.2 5.6 3 Dec 2018 109.4 119.5 average 92%
Strathbogie 29.4 +2.9 41.9 16 Jan 2019 12.3 +1.3 3.2 13 Feb 2019 112.8 150.1 average 75%
Wangaratta Aero 33.2 +2.5 45.4 25 Jan 2019 15.1 +1.9 5.0 13 Feb 2019 134.8 133.0 average 101%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 18.7 +1.9 28.2 16 Jan 2019 10.0 +2.1 -1.9 13 Feb 2019 202.4 313.9 low 64%
Mount Buller 19.0 +2.6 29.3 16 Jan 2019 10.2 +2.2 -1.9 13 Feb 2019 229.8 258.5 average 89%
Omeo 28.4 +2.7 38.9 25 Jan 2019 12.2 +1.9 1.3 14 Feb 2019 134.6 174.0 low 77%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 26.8 +2.4 39.7 25 Jan 2019 14.8 +2.0 7.2 13 Feb 2019 260.6 222.6 average 117%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 22.9 +2.0 33.0 12 Feb 2019     10.8 3 Dec 2018 207.8 202.5 average 103%
Gelantipy 25.3 +2.4 38.2 25 Jan 2019 12.5 +1.6 3.3 14 Feb 2019 201.0 198.0 average 102%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 25.2 +1.4 44.6 25 Jan 2019 15.7 +1.3 9.7 11 Dec 2018 125.4 158.4 average 79%
Mallacoota 25.0 +1.5 38.7 4 Jan 2019 16.5 +1.5 8.9 14 Feb 2019 277.4 198.6 high 140%
Mount Nowa Nowa 26.7 +2.7 44.5 25 Jan 2019 15.2 +1.6 8.6 14 Feb 2019 114.2 204.0 low 56%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 25.6 +2.3 35.3 4 Jan 2019 16.5 +1.2 11.1 5 Dec 2018 224.9 192.6 high 117%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 27.3 +2.2 45.8 25 Jan 2019 14.3 +1.9 7.2 14 Feb 2019 100.6 155.1 low 65%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 24.3   43.7 25 Jan 2019 14.3   7.0 1 Dec 2018 101.2
East Sale 27.6 +2.8 44.6 25 Jan 2019 14.3 +1.8 6.0 14 Feb 2019 83.4 141.1 low 59%
East Sale Airport 28.1   45.5 25 Jan 2019 14.6   6.8 14 Feb 2019 86.4
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 29.1 +3.1 45.4 25 Jan 2019 13.8 +1.4 4.9 1 Dec 2018 85.6 158.4 v low 54%
Mount Baw Baw 18.4 +2.2 30.0 25 Jan 2019 9.1 +1.5 -0.8 13 Feb 2019 159.6 348.4 v low 46%
Mount Moornapa 27.3 +2.8 43.7 25 Jan 2019 14.0 +1.3 7.8 13 Feb 2019 159.2 193.7 average 82%
Nilma North (Warragul) 27.8   43.1 25 Jan 2019 13.7   5.5 1 Feb 2019 107.0
Pound Creek 25.2 +0.7 41.9 25 Jan 2019 13.6 +1.2 4.7 27 Feb 2019 93.6 132.4 v low 71%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 22.2 +2.3 38.1 4 Jan 2019 16.0 +2.1 8.9 13 Feb 2019 150.2 162.7 average 92%
Yarram Airport 26.3 +1.5 45.7 25 Jan 2019 13.4 +0.9 5.1 5 Dec 2018 86.4 141.4 v low 61%
East Central (district 86)
Cerberus 25.6 +1.6 42.1 25 Jan 2019 14.3 +0.9 6.7 20 Feb 2019 111.8 129.5 average 86%
Coldstream 29.3 +2.3 43.8 25 Jan 2019 12.6 +1.4 4.7 14 Feb 2019 141.8 155.6 average 91%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 27.1 +2.1 42.9 4 Jan 2019 14.1 +0.9 7.7 27 Feb 2019 138.6 163.8 average 85%
Essendon Airport 27.8 +2.2 45.2 25 Jan 2019 15.3 +2.1 9.0 1 Dec 2018 118.0 139.9 average 84%
Ferny Creek 25.1   39.5 25 Jan 2019 13.1   6.2 13 Feb 2019 149.4
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 26.7   42.8 25 Jan 2019 16.4   10.3 1 Dec 2018 134.6
Melbourne Airport 28.1 +2.2 46.0 25 Jan 2019 14.6 +1.3 8.2 1 Dec 2018 142.2 132.9 average 107%
Moorabbin Airport 27.2 +1.9 43.8 4 Jan 2019 15.7 +1.9 9.5 1 Dec 2018 121.6 149.9 average 81%
Rhyll     37.6 4 Jan 2019 16.3 +1.2 10.4 13 Feb 2019 96.2 121.9 average 79%
Scoresby Research Institute 28.6 +2.9 43.5 25 Jan 2019 14.7 +1.6 7.1 1 Dec 2018 105.4 181.4 low 58%
Viewbank 28.7 +1.6 44.8 25 Jan 2019 15.0 +1.0 7.7 1 Dec 2018 148.4 156.8 average 95%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 27.7 +2.0 45.8 4 Jan 2019 14.6 +1.1 8.8 23 Dec 2018 43.6 93.9 low 46%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 26.6   44.3 4 Jan 2019 14.7   8.8 23 Dec 2018 69.4
Laverton RAAF 26.7 +1.6 44.8 25 Jan 2019 15.2 +1.8 8.1 14 Feb 2019 146.4 131.3 average 112%
Sheoaks 27.8 +2.7 43.2 4 Jan 2019 13.0 +1.2 5.1 10 Jan 2019 68.8 102.4 low 67%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 30.0 +2.6 45.0 25 Jan 2019 13.6 +1.0 4.0 13 Feb 2019 110.7 118.7 average 93%
Eildon Fire Tower 28.1 +2.1 40.7 25 Jan 2019 14.2 +1.3 5.8 13 Feb 2019 149.2 133.5 high 112%
Lake Eildon 31.2 +3.0 43.3 25 Jan 2019     4.5 7 Jan 2019 146.8 147.9 average 99%
Mangalore Airport 31.9 +3.2 46.3 25 Jan 2019 15.0 +1.5 3.0 13 Feb 2019 85.2 118.5 low 72%
Maryborough 31.0 +2.9 44.8 25 Jan 2019 13.9 +1.4 6.2 13 Feb 2019 73.4 100.8 average 73%
Puckapunyal Lyon Hill (Defence) 31.4   45.6 25 Jan 2019 15.6   7.3 13 Feb 2019 82.4
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 30.5   44.8 25 Jan 2019 14.8   7.1 14 Feb 2019 78.8
Redesdale 32.2 +3.7 46.1 25 Jan 2019 13.4 +1.2 4.1 13 Feb 2019 90.0 108.7 average 83%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 27.0 +3.0 43.2 25 Jan 2019 13.0 +1.2 6.6 13 Feb 2019 108.6 141.5 average 77%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 29.2 +2.9 42.0 4 Jan 2019     6.1 1 Dec 2018 111.0 108.6 average 102%
Ballarat Aerodrome 27.8 +3.5 41.0 25 Jan 2019 12.0 +1.4 2.9 1 Dec 2018 120.0 133.0 average 90%
Westmere 29.1 +1.8 43.1 4 Jan 2019 10.9 +0.1 2.3 10 Jan 2019 71.8 102.0 average 70%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 25.0 +2.5 40.8 7 Dec 2018 14.5 +0.8 8.2 13 Feb 2019 77.8 109.4 low 71%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 22.1 +1.2 36.8 6 Dec 2018 14.8 +0.5 9.6 23 Dec 2018 40.4 98.5 v low 41%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 21.7 +0.7 38.4 7 Dec 2018 14.6 +1.5 10.0 13 Feb 2019 85.6 138.3 low 62%
Casterton 28.5 +1.6 42.9 24 Jan 2019 11.6 0.0 2.8 10 Jan 2019 37.2 102.5 low 36%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 27.1 +2.2 42.2 4 Jan 2019 12.9 +0.8 7.2 13 Feb 2019 79.0 97.5 average 81%
Dartmoor 26.8   44.9 24 Jan 2019 12.4   4.5 10 Jan 2019 90.8 109.2 average 83%
Hamilton Airport 28.3 +2.5 42.6 24 Jan 2019 11.7 +1.0 4.9 10 Jan 2019 86.6 101.6 average 85%
Mortlake Racecourse 27.9 +2.5 43.6 24 Jan 2019 11.2 +0.6 3.6 23 Dec 2018 68.0 106.0 low 64%
Port Fairy AWS 23.1 +0.8 43.6 24 Jan 2019 14.2 +0.5 7.8 23 Dec 2018 75.0 100.2 low 75%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 23.1 +1.5 42.5 24 Jan 2019 12.7 +0.7 6.5 1 Feb 2019 92.2 114.4 average 81%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 24.9 +0.9 44.3 24 Jan 2019 12.1 +0.6 5.4 2 Feb 2019 82.6 111.7 low 74%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Friday 1 March 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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