Victoria in winter 2016: wet with mild overnight temperatures

Rainfall was above average across Victoria as a whole, particularly across the east. Overall overnight temperatures were mild, while daytime temperatures generally above average only across East Gippsland.

Above average rainfall throughout much of the State

  • Above average rainfall was recorded throughout much of the State, excluding the northwest where rainfall totals tended near average.
  • Parts of the east recorded very much above rainfall for winter, owing to particularly wet periods during June and July
  • A number of sites recorded their highest winter daily rainfall on record
  • A few sites in the north and east recorded their highest total winter rainfall on record
  • The State's highest daily rainfall total, 120.2 mm, was recorded at Reeves Knob on 7 June
  • Statewide rainfall was 23% above the winter mean

Daytime temperatures above average in the south and east, mild nights for Victoria

Wind, cold outbreaks and snow

  • Strong, gusty and damaging winds occurred several times through the season, particularly during July and August
  • Cold outbreaks brought regular snowfalls to Alpine areas during winter, and to sub-Alpine areas across central and southern Victoria in mid-July

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in winter 2016
Hottest day 26.0 °C at Mildura Airport on 18 Aug
Warmest days on average 16.6 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 1.9 °C at Falls Creek
Coldest day -4.6 °C at Mount Hotham on 24 Jun
-4.6 °C at Mount Hotham on 13 Jul
Coldest night -8.0 °C at Mount Hotham on 13 Jul
-8.0 °C at Mount Hotham on 14 Jul
Coolest nights on average -2.0 °C at Falls Creek
Warmest nights on average 9.6 °C at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse
Warmest night 15.9 °C at Moorabbin Airport on 19 Aug
Warmest on average overall 12.5 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Coolest on average overall 0.0 °C at Falls Creek
Wettest overall 857.2 mm at Mount Buller
Driest overall 68.2 mm at Mildura Airport
Wettest day 120.2 mm at Reeves Knob on 7 Jul
Strongest wind gust 159 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on 13 Jul

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest winter daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Rockbank (Melton) 34.0 on 6 Jul =34.0 on 1 Jun 2013 48
Merrimu Reservoir 34.6 on 6 Jul 30.6 on 30 Jul 1987 43
Merricks Stonier's Winery 47.6 on 6 Jul 36.8 on 15 Aug 2012 20



Record highest winter total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Yarrawonga 260.2 229.3 in 1996 24 130.0
Hunters Hill 626.8 614.2 in 2005 23 432.2
Shepparton Airport 222.6 193.8 in 2003 21 128.2
Myrtleford 399.0 389.4 in 2003 20 284.4

Highest winter total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Eldorado 329.3 435.1 in 1981 206.3
Woodend 392.4 418.1 in 1981* 266.6
Nariel Creek (Simpson) 540.1 583.6 in 1991 361.8
Ballan 275.6 285.8 in 1991* 192.3
Dellicknora (Tellicura) 294.6 337.8 in 1991* 173.5
Giffard 223.2 242.4 in 1991* 138.0
Wangaratta Aero 273.0 288.7 in 1995 191.9
Burrowye Station 400.2 474.8 in 1991* 288.5
Darriman (Tarralangi) 278.6 306.2 in 1991* 164.4
Edi Upper 497.0 562.0 in 1996 366.0
Hamilton Airport 278.0 315.0 in 1996 216.9
Mount Buller 857.2 957.3 in 1990* 499.9
Ouyen (Post Office) 103.7 143.0 in 1996 92.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest winter daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Mallacoota 15.4 on 5 Jun 14.5 on 4 Aug 2011 24 6.7
Avalon Airport 14.0 on 19 Aug 13.8 on 30 Aug 2005 22 5.5



Record highest winter mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Castlemaine Prison 5.9 4.9 in 1991 45 3.3
Essendon Airport 7.2 = 7.2 in 2014 45 5.6
Dartmouth Reservoir 4.2 4.1 in 2013 37 2.7
Bendigo Airport 4.6 4.2 in 2013 24 3.0
Cerberus 7.4 7.3 in 2014 24 6.6
Redesdale 4.5 4.3 in 2013 23 3.3
Yarrawonga 5.5 4.9 in 2005 23 3.7

Highest winter mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Echuca Aerodrome 5.1 5.3 in 1991 4.4
Lake Eildon 5.2 5.5 in 1991 4.0
Mangalore Airport 4.9 5.4 in 1991 3.7
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 4.6 5.1 in 1991 3.5
Wangaratta Aero 4.8 5.1 in 1991 2.8



Record highest winter mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Castlemaine Prison 9.2 8.9 in 2001 45 7.9

Highest winter mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Wangaratta Aero 9.2 9.4 in 1991 8.3



Summary statistics for winter 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2016
Mean for
winter
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2016
Total for
winter
2016
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2016
Fraction of
winter
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 16.6 +0.4 26.0 18 Aug 5.7 +0.8 -1.7 13 Jun 68.2 73.8 average 92%
Ouyen (Post Office) 16.1 +0.1 25.6 18 Aug 5.6 +0.8 0.3 16 Jul 103.7 92.2 average 112%
Walpeup Research 15.8 +0.4 25.6 18 Aug 6.1 +0.9 0.7 25 Aug 104.4 95.8 average 109%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 15.2 -0.5 24.5 18 Aug 4.4 +0.7 -2.1 26 Aug 91.8 74.2 high 124%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 15.0 -0.6 23.8 18 Aug 5.0 +1.0 -1.3 26 Aug 93.8 82.5 average 114%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 14.5 -0.2 24.0 18 Aug 5.1 +0.5 -0.4 12 Jun 138.8 112.1 high 124%
Warracknabeal Museum 14.5 -0.3 23.5 18 Aug 4.9 +0.7 -1.0 16 Jul 138.9 121.5 average 114%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 13.8 -0.2 23.4 18 Aug 5.6 +0.5 -0.5 25 Jun 233.2 180.5 high 129%
Grampians (Mount William) 5.8 +0.3 13.0 18 Aug 1.4 +0.1 -3.6 13 Jul 333.2 460.5 low 72%
Horsham Aerodrome 14.0 -0.4 22.3 18 Aug 4.0 +0.7 -1.5 13 Jun 138.4 119.1 high 116%
Kanagulk 13.3 -0.3 22.7 18 Aug 5.0 +0.5 -0.7 25 Jun 245.2 178.3 high 138%
Longerenong 14.1 +0.1 23.2 18 Aug 4.5 +0.7 -1.2 13 Jun 153.2 131.3 high 117%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 8.0   16.5 18 Aug 3.1   -1.7 13 Jul 251.2
Stawell Aerodrome 12.7 -0.5 21.3 18 Aug 5.3 +0.8 -0.4 12 Jun 183.4 163.8 average 112%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 14.2 -0.6 22.6 18 Aug 5.0 +0.9 -0.8 26 Jun 133.4 104.5 average 128%
Echuca Aerodrome 14.4 +0.1 22.0 18 Aug 5.1 +0.7 -0.8 14 Jun 168.6 126.0 high 134%
Kerang 14.9 0.0 23.5 18 Aug 5.3 +0.8 -0.7 13 Jun 127.7 108.1 high 118%
Kyabram 14.0 0.0 20.8 18 Aug 5.2 +1.6 -0.8 26 Jun 195.6 127.1 v high 154%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 13.3 -0.1 21.3 18 Aug 4.6 +1.6 -1.7 26 Jun 230.2 159.8 high 144%
Shepparton Airport 13.4 -0.8 20.2 18 Aug 5.2 +1.7 -1.0 26 Jun 222.6 128.2 highest 174%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 13.6 -0.3 20.4 18 Aug 4.6 +1.1 -1.9 26 Jun 216.6 138.2 v high 157%
Yarrawonga 14.0 -0.5 20.3 18 Aug 5.5 +1.8 -0.2 24 Jul 260.2 130.0 highest 200%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 13.5   19.5 18 Aug 4.9   -1.8 17 Jul 284.1 189.3 v high 150%
Corryong Airport 12.6 0.0 18.3 22 Jul     -2.9 6 Aug 377.4 238.1 v high 159%
Dartmouth Reservoir 12.4 -0.2 18.2 18 Aug 4.2 +1.5 -2.6 16 Jun 432.0 340.0 high 127%
Hunters Hill 8.1 -0.1 14.2 18 Aug 2.9 +0.4 -2.5 13 Jul 626.8 432.2 highest 145%
Strathbogie 10.8 -0.2 15.9 18 Aug 3.2 +1.1 -2.5 13 Jun 413.4 352.6 high 117%
Wangaratta Aero 13.6 -0.2 18.7 18 Aug 4.8 +2.0 -2.0 26 Jun 273.0 191.9 v high 142%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 1.9 -0.1 10.6 15 Jun -2.0 +0.4 -7.5 13 Jul 494.4 303.8 v high 163%
Mount Buller 2.2 0.0 11.0 15 Jun -1.7 +0.4 -7.2 13 Jul 857.2 499.9 v high 171%
Omeo 11.1 -0.2 17.3 31 Aug 2.0 +0.9 -6.3 15 Jun 274.4 180.9 high 152%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 12.8 +0.8 21.2 19 Aug 5.9 +0.7 1.6 25 Jun 273.8 251.2 average 109%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 15.6 +1.1 20.0 19 Aug 9.4 +0.7 6.2 17 Jul 352.0 260.6 high 135%
Gelantipy 10.9 +0.6 18.5 18 Jul 3.4 +0.7 -1.4 24 Aug 320.4 188.6 v high 170%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 16.0 +0.6 23.4 18 Jul 6.2 0.0 0.0 14 Jun 268.4 220.2 high 122%
Mallacoota 16.0 +0.7 23.5 18 Jul 7.0 +0.3 2.4 16 Jun 377.8 246.9 high 153%
Mount Nowa Nowa 13.7 +0.2 20.5 18 Aug 6.7 +0.3 2.3 24 Jun 340.0 214.8 high 158%
Orbost 15.7 +0.3 22.8 18 Aug 6.3 +0.3 0.9 16 Jun 315.0 234.5 high 134%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 15.2 +0.5 23.2 19 Aug 8.7 +0.1 3.8 13 Jul 375.5 294.0 high 128%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 15.4 +0.3 22.6 18 Aug 4.6 +0.2 -2.4 17 Jul 229.0 153.4 high 149%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 14.1   21.5 18 Aug 7.3   1.6 14 Jun 283.8
East Sale Airport 14.9 +0.5 22.4 18 Aug 4.7 +0.8 -2.5 14 Jun 201.6 135.7 high 149%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 14.5 +0.3 20.9 16 Aug 5.2 +1.0 -0.7 17 Jul 256.8 191.4 v high 134%
Mount Baw Baw 3.0 +0.1 9.6 15 Aug -0.8 +0.4 -6.6 13 Jul 517.0 495.1 average 104%
Mount Moornapa 13.3 +0.6 21.8 18 Jul 5.9 +0.2 1.2 25 Jun 346.6 226.2 high 153%
Nilma North (Warragul) 13.9   22.0 18 Aug 5.7   -2.4 17 Jul 301.8
Pound Creek 14.5   21.7 18 Aug 6.6   -1.0 14 Jun 280.4 274.4 average 102%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 13.2 +0.5 17.8 18 Aug 9.6 +0.9 3.8 26 Jul 598.4 364.0 v high 164%
Yarram Airport 14.7   22.5 18 Aug 5.8   -2.2 14 Jun 186.0
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 14.4 +0.3 21.2 18 Aug 6.5 +0.5 0.0 26 Jun 198.9 163.9 high 121%
Cerberus 14.5 +0.4 22.0 18 Aug 7.4 +0.8 0.7 17 Jul 191.0 222.7 average 86%
Coldstream 14.1 +0.1 20.6 18 Aug 4.8 +0.7 -3.6 17 Jul 222.8 198.4 average 112%
Essendon Airport 14.3 +0.6 20.3 18 Aug 7.2 +1.6 1.1 26 Jun 175.6 132.4 high 133%
Ferny Creek 10.5   17.3 18 Aug 5.7   0.5 13 Jul 472.6
Frankston AWS 13.5 +0.1 20.6 18 Aug 8.6 +0.3 3.8 23 Jul
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 14.9   21.6 18 Aug 8.2   3.0 26 Jun 179.8
Melbourne Airport 14.2 +0.5 20.1 18 Aug 6.6 +0.7 1.6 24 Aug 158.8 121.6 high 131%
Moorabbin Airport 14.7 +0.4 22.0 18 Aug 7.6 +1.0 0.8 17 Jul 223.2 184.5 high 121%
Rhyll 14.3 +0.5 19.7 29 Aug 8.9 +0.4 4.4 13 Jul 224.8 210.9 average 107%
Scoresby Research Institute 14.3 +0.7 21.6 18 Aug 6.9 +0.8 0.6 24 Aug 253.2 224.7 high 113%
Viewbank 14.4 -0.1 21.5 18 Aug 6.8 +0.6 0.0 17 Jul 190.6 161.5 high 118%
Wonthaggi 14.5 +0.4 21.7 18 Aug 7.5 +0.9 2.6 17 Jul
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 14.7 -0.1 22.3 18 Aug 6.1 +0.6 -0.3 17 Jul 156.6 121.3 high 129%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 14.7   22.6 18 Aug 6.8   0.2 17 Jul 181.4
Laverton RAAF 14.6 +0.3 20.4 18 Aug 6.8 +1.3 0.5 17 Jul 149.0 122.1 high 122%
Sheoaks 12.8 0.0 20.6 18 Aug 5.8 +0.5 -1.1 17 Jul 186.8 127.1 high 147%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 12.5 -0.1 20.5 18 Aug 5.9 +2.6 -0.5 12 Jun
Eildon Fire Tower 9.8 -0.2 16.6 18 Aug 4.7 +0.4 0.3 13 Jul 268.8 208.2 high 129%
Lake Eildon 13.1 +0.3 20.0 18 Aug 5.2 +1.2 0.0 5 Aug 330.4 285.6 high 116%
Mangalore Airport 13.2 -0.2 18.8 18 Aug 4.9 +1.2 -2.0 25 Jun 176.8 173.0 average 102%
Maryborough 13.2 +0.2 21.4 18 Aug 4.6 +0.8 -1.9 26 Jun 197.0 166.3 high 118%
Redesdale 12.5 -0.3 19.1 18 Aug 4.5 +1.2 -1.5 26 Jun 224.2 186.8 high 120%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 9.9 +0.1 15.4 31 Aug 4.7 +0.3 -0.5 24 Jul 255.2 192.9 high 132%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 13.1 +0.7 21.0 18 Aug 4.8 +1.1 -1.0 5 Aug 213.0 187.5 average 114%
Ballarat Aerodrome 10.9 +0.1 18.0 18 Aug 4.1 +0.5 -2.0 26 Jun 227.6 203.6 high 112%
Westmere 12.7 -0.1 20.2 18 Aug 4.9 +0.4 -1.6 5 Aug 188.6 156.4 average 121%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 13.9 0.0 21.6 18 Aug 7.8 +0.2 1.6 13 Jul 256.6 196.2 high 131%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 14.3 +0.2 24.6 18 Aug 8.8 +0.1 4.6 13 Jul 328.6 291.1 average 113%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 13.8 +0.3 21.9 18 Aug 8.8 +0.9 3.9 13 Jul 370.6 306.3 high 121%
Casterton 13.5 -0.2 22.3 18 Aug 5.6 +0.4 -0.3 24 Aug 301.6 232.7 high 130%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 12.1 -0.1 18.4 18 Aug 6.0 +0.3 0.9 13 Jul 226.0 176.2 high 128%
Dartmoor 14.0   23.3 18 Aug 5.8   -0.7 23 Aug 365.4
Hamilton Airport 12.5 -0.3 21.0 18 Aug 5.3 +0.6 0.2 24 Aug 278.0 216.9 high 128%
Mortlake Racecourse 13.5 +0.1 21.0 18 Aug 5.1 +0.3 -1.4 5 Aug 217.2 181.6 high 120%
Port Fairy AWS 14.4 -0.2 22.8 18 Aug 7.4 +0.1 2.1 26 Jun 184.2 256.5 low 72%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 13.8 +0.2 22.9 18 Aug 7.1 +0.5 1.8 23 Aug 397.4 329.3 high 121%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 13.9 -0.1 22.5 18 Aug 6.2 +0.4 0.1 5 Aug 311.4 258.5 high 120%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Thursday 1 September 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries