Victoria in autumn 2024

Rainfall

  • The Victoria area-averaged rainfall total for autumn was 84.99 mm, 46.6% below the 1961–1990 average. It was the 9th lowest since 2008.
  • Autumn area-averaged rainfall totals were below average relative to all autumns since 1900, in Victoria's west and east, and very much below average in the south-west and parts of the north-east. It was around average for the central third of the state, including Greater Melbourne and adjacent regions.
  • Many sites had their highest autumn daily rainfall on record on 2 April and 31 May when strong cold fronts crossed south-eastern Australia.

Temperature

  • Autumn area-averaged mean maximum temperature for Victoria was 21.44 °C, 1.15 °C above the 1961–1990 average.
  • Autumn area-averaged mean maximum temperature for Victoria was above average for all the state, and very much above average relative to all autumns since 1910 for large parts of the north-east.
  • Three stations in the north-east ranges had their highest autumn mean daily maximum temperature on record.
  • Autumn area-averaged mean minimum temperature for Victoria was 8.73 °C, 0.33 °C below the 1961–1990 average.
  • Autumn area-averaged mean minimum temperature for Victoria was above the 1961–1990 average for parts of south-west and east, and very much above average relative to all autumns since 1910 for far east.
  • Conversely, autumn area-averaged mean minimum temperature for Victoria was below 1961–1990 average for north-west and small northern areas, and very much below average relative to all autumns since 1910 for far west.
  • Four stations had their warmest autumn night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record.
  • Viewbank had its lowest autumn mean daily minimum temperature on record, at 9.5 °C.

Extremes in autumn 2024
Hottest day 41.6 °C at Walpeup Research on 9 Mar
Warmest days on average 24.9 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 10.5 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day 0.1 °C at Mount Hotham on 9 Apr
Coldest night -6.9 °C at Mount Hotham on 19 May
Coolest nights on average 3.7 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 14.1 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 26.2 °C at Melbourne Airport on 10 Mar
Warmest on average overall 17.4 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 7.1 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 364.2 mm at Mount Baw Baw
Wettest day 118.4 mm at Toolangi (Mount St Leonard DPI) on 8 Apr
Strongest wind gust 135 km/h at Mount Hotham on 30 May

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest autumn daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Upper Plenty 92.4 on 2 Apr 89.0 on 5 Mar 2020 39
Tarrawarra Monastery 64.0 on 2 Apr 61.2 on 21 Mar 1989 38
Noojee Forestry 69.2 on 2 Apr 67.6 on 24 Apr 2004 35
Ringwood North 68.2 on 1 Apr 62.8 on 25 Apr 2012 33
Kinglake West 75.6 on 2 Apr 71.2 on 8 Mar 2010 32
Coldstream 66.0 on 2 Apr 56.0 on 25 Apr 2012 30
Acheron River @ Taggerty 68.4 on 2 Apr 60.2 on 5 Mar 2020 29
Viewbank 70.0 on 2 Apr 67.2 on 12 Apr 2011 25
Too Rour (Moroko Park) 106.4 on 31 May 95.4 on 5 Mar 2020 24
Barwon Heads Golf Club 55.2 on 2 Apr 49.0 on 25 Apr 2017 23
Boho (Honeysuckle Ck U/S Violet Town) 103.8 on 31 May 89.2 on 5 Mar 2020 23
Halls (Buckland River at Twelve Mile) 92.8 on 31 May 73.6 on 4 Mar 2012 23
Boolarra South 75.0 on 2 Apr 72.0 on 24 Apr 2004 22
Ballarat Hopetoun Rd 52.2 on 2 Apr 49.8 on 10 Apr 2017 20
Maldon (Stump St) 70.6 on 2 Apr 35.4 on 4 Apr 2020 20



Record highest autumn temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Castlemaine Prison 38.5 on 9 Mar 38.0 on 7 Mar 1991 54 20.1
Kanagulk 40.6 on 9 Mar 40.4 on 8 Mar 2016 21 21.2



Record highest autumn mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Mount Buller 11.7 = 11.7 in 2005 39 10.1
Falls Creek 11.5 = 11.5 in 2018 32 9.9
Hunters Hill 19.1 18.7 in 2016 30 16.6

Highest autumn mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
autumn
Mount Hotham 10.5 11.0 in 2000 8.7



Record highest autumn daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Essendon Airport 26.1 on 10 Mar 25.3 on 13 Mar 2013 56 10.2
Melbourne Airport 26.2 on 10 Mar 25.4 on 1 Mar 2019 54 10.4
Edenhope Airport 24.3 on 11 Mar 23.4 on 2 Mar 2019 20 9.3
Hopetoun Airport 24.2 on 10 Mar 23.7 on 7 Mar 2013 20 9.2



Record lowest autumn mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Viewbank 9.4 9.5 in 2008 24 10.3

Lowest autumn mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
autumn
Strathbogie 5.1 4.8 in 1995 6.2
Lake Eildon 7.2 =7.2 in 2004 8.2



Summary statistics for autumn 2024
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
autumn
2024
Diff
from
average
Highest for
autumn
2024
Mean for
autumn
2024
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
autumn
2024
Total for
autumn
2024
Average
for
autumn
Rank of
autumn
2024
Fraction of
autumn
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 24.9 +1.1 40.0 9 Mar 9.8 -0.7 0.4 26 May 40.9 62.8 average 65%
Walpeup Research 24.8 +1.6 41.6 9 Mar 9.6 -0.8 0.4 19 May 38.6 73.9 low 52%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 24.0 +0.3 41.0 9 Mar 8.1 -1.1 -1.6 22 May 35.2 63.5 low 55%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 24.3 +0.6 39.7 9 Mar 9.0 -0.5 -0.2 28 May 54.4 65.9 average 83%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Kellalac (Warracknabeal Airport) 23.2   40.7 9 Mar 8.4   0.5 27 May 64.0
Nhill Aerodrome 22.9 +0.4 40.3 9 Mar 8.1 -1.1 -0.7 26 May 48.4 65.2 average 74%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 21.8 +0.7 40.4 9 Mar 8.2 -1.1 -0.9 22 May 32.4 102.4 v low 32%
Grampians (Mount William) 13.6 +0.9 31.4 9 Mar 6.2 +0.2 -0.4 18 May 147.8 258.3 v low 57%
Horsham Aerodrome 22.7 +0.5 40.2 9 Mar 7.2 -0.4 -1.5 27 May 57.4 74.5 average 77%
Kanagulk 22.1 +0.9 40.6 9 Mar 7.6 -1.1 -1.4 26 May 31.6 101.0 v low 31%
Longerenong 22.5 +0.8 40.1 9 Mar 7.7 -0.6 -2.0 23 May 39.4 94.0 v low 42%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 17.0 +1.4 35.3 9 Mar 8.4 +0.5 2.0 18 May 87.4 163.4 v low 53%
Stawell Aerodrome 21.4 +0.7 38.7 9 Mar 8.4 -0.5 -0.9 26 May 40.0 89.3 v low 45%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 23.7 +0.7 39.9 9 Mar 8.1 -1.3 -1.6 27 May 42.6 85.2 v low 50%
Echuca Aerodrome 23.8 +1.4 38.5 9 Mar 8.9 -0.7 -0.5 27 May 86.7 103.8 average 84%
Kerang 23.6 +0.7 38.8 12 Mar 9.6 -0.1 0.6 26 May 63.8 88.7 average 72%
Kyabram 23.3 +1.3 38.4 9 Mar 9.0 -0.2 -0.9 27 May 89.8 109.9 average 82%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 22.5 +1.1 38.3 9 Mar 8.2 -0.2 -1.4 26 May
Shepparton Airport 23.5 +1.0 37.4 9 Mar 8.6 -0.4 -1.1 28 May 124.4 105.4 average 118%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 22.8 +1.1 36.9 9 Mar 8.5 -0.2 -1.7 27 May 86.4 113.9 average 76%
Yarrawonga 24.4 +1.4 38.2 12 Mar 8.7 -0.7 -1.2 23 May 75.6 103.9 average 73%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 23.7 +1.3 36.6 9 Mar 7.4 -1.3 -2.7 29 May 90.9 149.2 low 61%
Corryong Airport 23.8 +2.1 35.2 7 Mar 5.2 -1.5 -5.0 29 May 83.0 175.1 v low 47%
Hunters Hill 19.1 +2.5 31.3 7 Mar 9.4 +0.9 1.3 19 May 138.4 243.3 low 57%
Rutherglen Research 24.7 +2.6 37.0 12 Mar 5.9 -1.5 -4.5 19 May 88.6 131.3 average 67%
Strathbogie 20.6 +1.5 33.4 9 Mar 5.1 -1.1 -3.7 27 May 147.9 217.7 low 68%
Wangaratta Aero 24.0 +1.5 36.1 9 Mar 5.7 -1.7 -4.1 19 May 84.8 140.6 low 60%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 11.5 +1.6 23.5 10 Mar 4.0 +0.7 -5.5 18 May 233.8 309.3 average 76%
Mount Buller 11.7 +1.6 23.3 10 Mar 4.6 +0.8 -5.6 18 May 208.6 331.2 low 63%
Mount Hotham 10.5 +1.8 21.9 10 Mar 3.7 +0.9 -6.9 19 May 258.8 361.1 low 72%
Omeo 20.5 +1.7 34.8 10 Mar 5.3 -0.5 -5.4 28 May 113.4 135.5 average 84%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 18.6 +0.6 34.7 10 Mar 9.9 +0.1 2.5 18 May 138.0 229.5 low 60%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 19.7 +0.6 26.7 12 Mar 14.1 +0.7 8.7 19 May 203.6 255.5 average 80%
Gelantipy 17.4 +0.8 32.3 10 Mar 7.5 +0.2 -0.6 19 May 107.2 168.2 low 64%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 19.9 -0.3 33.1 10 Mar 10.9 -0.2 1.6 29 May 83.0 168.0 low 49%
Mallacoota 20.5 +0.4 32.2 10 Mar 12.1 +0.3 4.9 27 May 170.4 250.4 low 68%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 21.4 +0.6 39.0 9 Mar 9.1 +0.1 0.3 29 May 107.0 147.9 low 72%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 19.7 -0.1 37.2 10 Mar 10.8 -0.2 2.5 22 May 184.6 181.5 average 102%
East Sale 21.2 +0.9 38.3 10 Mar 8.7 -0.2 -1.0 29 May 96.8 147.4 low 66%
East Sale Airport 21.4   38.9 9 Mar 8.7   -0.3 29 May 100.8
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 21.2 +0.6 39.3 10 Mar 8.2 -0.7 -1.0 29 May 130.4 159.1 low 82%
Mount Baw Baw 10.8 +0.7 25.2 10 Mar 4.3 +0.4 -4.8 19 May 364.2 387.4 average 94%
Mount Moornapa 18.8 +0.3 36.7 9 Mar 10.1 +0.1 3.1 19 May 145.4 196.8 low 74%
Nilma North (Warragul) 20.2 +0.1 37.1 9 Mar 8.8 -0.8 -1.1 29 May 196.8 208.6 average 94%
Pound Creek 20.3 0.0 37.8 9 Mar 9.2 -0.7 0.4 29 May 174.8 218.3 low 80%
Yarram Airport 20.8 +0.4 39.2 9 Mar 8.1 -1.1 0.3 22 May 135.2 152.4 average 89%
East Central (district 86)
Cerberus 20.3 +0.4 38.6 10 Mar 9.9 -0.5 2.2 27 May 129.2 174.6 low 74%
Coldstream 21.1 +0.3 36.9 9 Mar 6.8 -0.8 -1.7 27 May 172.2 183.4 average 94%
Essendon Airport 21.0 +0.8 38.4 9 Mar 11.0 +0.8 3.9 26 May 125.0 143.2 average 87%
Ferny Creek 17.2 +0.3 33.6 10 Mar 9.7 -0.2 3.5 19 May 328.0 334.4 average 98%
Frankston (Ballam Park) 20.5   37.7 9 Mar 10.9   5.0 26 May 142.4
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 20.5 -0.3 37.6 9 Mar 11.6 -0.7 5.1 22 May 153.0 153.5 average 100%
Melbourne Airport 20.8 +0.4 38.5 9 Mar 10.2 -0.2 3.7 26 May 108.8 122.6 average 89%
Moorabbin Airport 20.4 0.0 38.1 9 Mar 10.6 -0.2 4.3 4 May 173.6 175.6 average 99%
Rhyll 20.1 +0.6 34.1 10 Mar 13.0 +0.3 7.8 22 May 119.8 173.5 v low 69%
Scoresby Research Institute 20.9 +0.7 37.1 9 Mar 9.6 -0.7 1.7 26 May 212.0 211.7 average 100%
Viewbank 21.6 +0.4 38.3 9 Mar 9.4 -0.9 1.7 22 May 177.6 164.4 average 108%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 20.9 +0.2 40.3 9 Mar 9.7 -0.4 -0.3 29 May 85.0 102.5 low 83%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 20.6 -0.2 39.8 9 Mar 10.4 -0.6 3.3 29 May 85.0 119.5 v low 71%
Laverton RAAF 20.9 +0.6 39.6 9 Mar 10.5 +0.3 2.7 26 May 114.8 125.5 average 91%
Point Cook RAAF 20.1   39.7 9 Mar 10.6   2.7 27 May 117.2
She Oaks 19.8 +0.5 38.5 9 Mar 8.6 -0.6 1.2 29 May 58.2 102.4 low 57%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 20.7 +0.6 38.5 9 Mar 7.7 -0.4 -0.5 27 Apr 117.6 134.3 average 88%
Eildon Fire Tower 19.3 +1.1 33.1 9 Mar 9.2 0.0 2.7 19 May 125.8 145.9 average 86%
Lake Eildon 21.5 +0.6 35.6 9 Mar 7.2 -1.0 1.0 22 May 129.6 190.4 low 68%
Mangalore Airport 22.4 +0.9 37.4 9 Mar 8.5 -0.5 -2.2 29 May 134.4 129.8 average 104%
Maryborough 21.8 +1.0 38.3 9 Mar 8.3 -0.3 0.4 29 May 86.0 118.9 average 72%
Puckapunyal Lyon Hill (Defence) 21.8   36.9 9 Mar 10.0   2.1 28 May 152.0
Puckapunyal West (Defence) 21.2   36.7 9 Mar 9.7   2.7 19 May 137.4
Redesdale 22.6 +1.7 37.0 9 Mar 7.4 -0.4 -0.9 19 May 113.2 130.2 average 87%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 17.8 +0.6 33.9 9 Mar 9.1 +0.1 3.5 18 May 140.8 164.1 average 86%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 20.9 +1.2 38.3 9 Mar 7.0 -0.5 -1.9 27 May 88.0 126.8 low 69%
Ballarat Aerodrome 19.2 +1.3 36.9 9 Mar 7.8 +0.1 0.1 26 May 103.2 157.2 low 66%
Westmere 20.3 +0.1 39.0 9 Mar 7.6 -0.5 -0.7 22 May 55.4 112.8 v low 49%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 19.7 +0.6 39.6 9 Mar 12.1 +0.4 7.4 19 May 82.2 137.4 low 60%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 18.1 -0.2 39.2 9 Mar 12.6 +0.2 5.9 15 May 72.2 154.3 lowest 47%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 18.2 +0.2 37.2 11 Mar 12.9 +1.2 6.7 25 May 127.4 217.0 v low 59%
Casterton 20.8 +0.4 39.8 9 Mar 8.0 -1.0 -1.0 22 May 53.2 141.4 lowest 38%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 19.5 +0.4 38.6 9 Mar 10.0 +0.1 4.4 26 May 58.0 115.9 v low 50%
Dartmoor 20.6 +0.6 41.0 9 Mar 8.3 -1.0 -0.4 22 May 70.2 171.5 v low 41%
Hamilton Airport 20.3 +0.4 39.3 9 Mar 8.3 -0.2 0.3 22 May 51.8 127.2 v low 41%
Mortlake Racecourse 20.3 +0.2 39.8 9 Mar 7.7 -0.5 -0.2 26 May 87.8 132.6 v low 66%
Port Fairy AWS 19.6 +0.3 41.0 9 Mar 11.0 -0.1 3.3 26 May 61.8 154.2 v low 40%
Portland Airport 19.0 +0.5 40.0 9 Mar 9.7 -0.3 2.8 23 May 91.6 187.9 v low 49%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 20.2 +0.4 40.7 9 Mar 8.9 -0.3 1.5 25 May 82.2 172.7 v low 48%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, usually published in the first week of the following month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Sunday 2 June 2024. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Information about Australian Indigenous seasonal calendars is available at the Indigenous Weather Knowledge website.


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Climate