Victoria in winter 2014: A mild and dry winter

Dry conditions were present across the Mallee regions and north-central parts of the state. Southern parts of Victoria saw rainfall vary between average to above for the season.

Warmer than average daytime temperatures were experienced across most of Victoria, particulary along the southeast coasts. Daytime temperatures were more than 0.7 C above the long term average (13 C), for the state as whole across winter.

Warmer nights were observed across most of the southern half of Victoria, with locations on the Mornington Penisula observing their warmest winter nights on record. The northwest Mallee observed cooler than average nights. Minimum temperatures were just under 0.4 C above the long term average (4.1 C), for the state as whole across winter.

For Melbourne: Both maximum and minimum temperatures were generally above average across the season. Rainfall was below average across the city.

  • Dry for most of the state
  • Some site have the warmest winter nights on record
  • Daytime temperatures near average
  • Melbourne: days and nights warmer than usual, with below average rainfall

Further information

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Extremes in winter 2014
Hottest day 26.3 C at Mildura Airport on 31 Aug
Warmest days on average 17.4 C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 1.1 C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day -5.5 C at Mount Hotham on 1 Aug
Coldest night -9.3 C at Mount Hotham on 12 Aug
Coolest nights on average -2.7 C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 10.2 C at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse
Warmest night 15.4 C at Gabo Island Lighthouse on 1 Jun
Warmest on average overall 12.9 C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Coolest on average overall -0.8 C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 792.8 mm at South West Slopes (Geehi Airstrip)
Driest overall 26.0 mm at Cheetham Salt Works (Moolap)
Wettest day 118.0 mm at Weeragua (Cann River (East Branch) at Ch on 15 Jun
Highest wind gust 141 km/h at Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse on 18 Jul

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest winter daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in winter 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for winter
Years of
record
Ventnor (Oaklands) 63.6 on 5 Jul 53.3 on 13 Jul 1963 97
Dromana Sussex Farm 56.6 on 29 Jun 56.2 on 29 Jul 1987 54
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 71.2 on 14 Jun 61.0 on 14 Aug 2013 33
Bendigo Airport 45.0 on 1 Jun 36.2 on 30 Aug 1992 23
Rhyll 44.6 on 6 Jul 40.2 on 22 Jun 2012 21



Record lowest total winter rainfall
Total rainfall
for winter 2014 (mm)
Previous driest
for winter
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Yarrawonga 72.0 81.5 in 2002 22 124.1

Lowest total winter rainfall for at least 20 years
Total rainfall
for winter 2014 (mm)
Most recent winter
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
winter
Ouyen (Post Office) 30.7 22.7 in 1944 70 92.4
Bronzewing 40.0 31.0 in 1982* 31 84.9
Pira Wild Horse Plains 39.8 36.0 in 1982* 31 94.0
Walpeup Research 47.6 42.4 in 1982* 30 96.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest winter daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in winter 2014 (C)
Previous coolest
for winter
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Hunters Hill 0.0 on 1 Aug 0.1 on 11 Aug 2005 22 8.2
Coldstream 6.6 on 22 Jul 7.2 on 9 Jul 1998 20 14.1



Highest winter mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for winter 2014 (C)
Most recent winter
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
winter
Rhyll 14.5 14.6 in 1993 21 13.8



Record lowest winter temperature
Lowest temperature
in winter 2014 (C)
Previous coolest
for winter
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Edi Upper -2.4 on 12 Aug -2.1 on 9 Aug 1994 27 4.0
Mount Hotham -9.3 on 12 Aug = -9.3 on 20 Aug 2003 24 -3.1



Record highest winter mean daily minimum temperature
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for winter 2014 (C)
Previous warmest
for winter
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Gabo Island Lighthouse 9.8 = 9.8 in 1999 133 8.7
Laverton RAAF 6.9 6.6 in 2013 70 5.4
Essendon Airport 7.2 6.9 in 2013 43 5.6
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 7.0 = 7.0 in 1991 30 5.9
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 7.7 7.4 in 1993 23 6.4
Cerberus 7.3 = 7.3 in 2001 22 6.6

Highest winter mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily minimum
temperature
for winter 2014 (C)
Most recent winter
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
winter
Moorabbin Airport 7.7 7.9 in 1991* 22 6.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest winter mean temperature
Mean daily
temperature
for winter 2014 (C)
Previous warmest
for winter
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 11.0 = 11.0 in 2005 23 10.2
Rhyll 11.8 = 11.8 in 2013 22 11.1

Highest winter mean temperature for at least 20 years
Mean daily
temperature
for winter 2014 (C)
Most recent winter
at least this warm
Years since
warmer
Average for
winter
Gabo Island Lighthouse 12.9 13.0 in 1921 93 11.6



Summary statistics for winter 2014
Maximum temperatures
for winter
(C)
Minimum temperatures
for winter
(C)
Rainfall
for winter
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2014
Mean for
winter
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2014
Total for
winter
2014
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2014
Fraction of
winter
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 17.4 +1.2 26.3 31 Aug 4.3 -0.6 -3.1 5 Aug 36.8 74.1 low 50%
Ouyen (Post Office) 16.8 +0.8 26.1 31 Aug 4.4 -0.4 -2.4 5 Aug 30.7 92.4 v low 33%
Walpeup Research 16.5 +1.1 25.5 31 Aug 5.0 -0.3 -1.2 2 Aug 47.6 96.1 v low 50%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 16.1 +0.4 26.2 31 Aug 3.1 -0.6 -4.7 13 Jul 42.2 73.9 low 57%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 16.0 +0.4 25.1 31 Aug 3.7 -0.3 -3.7 3 Aug 45.6 81.8 v low 56%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 14.6 -0.2 23.7 31 Aug 4.4 -0.3 -1.1 4 Aug 86.4 114.7 low 75%
Warracknabeal Museum 15.1 +0.3 24.9 31 Aug 4.2 0.0 -3.0 3 Aug 67.5 121.5 low 56%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 14.2   22.3 31 Aug 5.3   -1.1 2 Aug 191.8 181.8 average 106%
Grampians (Mount William) 5.9   14.1 28 Aug 1.8   -2.9 3 Aug 537.0
Horsham Aerodrome 14.5 +0.1 23.6 31 Aug 3.2 -0.2 -3.9 4 Aug 90.2 121.3 low 74%
Kanagulk 14.0 +0.4 22.7 31 Aug 4.6 +0.1 -2.4 4 Aug 170.4 178.2 average 96%
Longerenong 14.5 +0.5 24.1 31 Aug 3.5 -0.3 -3.7 2 Aug 89.0 131.6 low 68%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 8.4   16.3 28 Aug 3.5   -1.0 1 Aug 251.8
Stawell Aerodrome 13.2 -0.1 22.3 31 Aug 4.8 +0.3 -2.2 3 Aug 113.8 165.5 low 69%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 15.2   24.3 31 Aug 3.9   -3.9 4 Aug 65.4 107.3 low 61%
Echuca Aerodrome 14.9 +0.6 23.2 31 Aug 4.5 +0.1 -2.5 3 Aug 125.6 126.0 average 100%
Kerang 15.7 +0.8 25.0 31 Aug 4.4 -0.1 -1.9 23 Jul 90.6 108.0 average 84%
Kyabram 14.7 +0.7 21.1 31 Aug 4.3 +0.7 -3.2 3 Aug 101.6 126.5 average 80%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 13.8 +0.4 20.3 28 Aug 3.8 +0.9 -4.0 3 Aug 155.0 158.7 average 98%
Shepparton Airport 14.4 +0.2 20.7 31 Aug 4.0 +0.5 -3.3 3 Aug 96.4 124.3 low 78%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 14.2 +0.3 20.6 26 Aug 4.0 +0.5 -4.0 5 Aug 98.6 137.7 low 72%
Yarrawonga 14.7 +0.2 21.2 26 Aug 3.8 0.0 -3.1 13 Aug 72.0 124.1 lowest 58%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 14.2   20.9 27 Aug 3.7   -3.2 5 Aug 142.3
Corryong Airport 13.3   19.8 26 Aug 1.3   -5.0 4 Aug 191.6
Dartmouth Reservoir 13.3 +0.7 20.0 29 Aug 3.5 +0.8 -3.9 4 Aug 275.1 340.3 low 81%
Hunters Hill 9.0 +0.8 15.2 29 Aug 2.9 +0.4 -3.1 2 Aug 427.6 426.6 average 100%
Rutherglen Research 14.2 +0.9 20.2 27 Aug 2.0 -0.5 -5.6 12 Aug 92.4 179.5 low 51%
Strathbogie 11.3 +0.3 17.7 29 Aug 2.7 +0.6 -4.8 4 Aug 292.2 353.6 average 83%
Wangaratta Aero 14.1 +0.3 21.4 27 Aug 3.1 +0.3 -3.6 5 Aug 115.0 189.8 v low 61%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 2.7 +0.7 9.1 29 Aug -1.9 +0.5 -8.6 12 Aug 291.0 296.9 average 98%
Mount Buller 2.6 +0.4 10.0 18 Jun -1.7 +0.4 -8.3 3 Aug 577.0 492.6 average 117%
Mount Hotham 1.1 +0.5 9.6 30 Aug -2.7 +0.4 -9.3 12 Aug 305.4 382.9 low 80%
Omeo 11.5   16.8 31 Aug 1.2   -7.6 3 Aug 154.2 172.8 average 89%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 12.1 +0.2 18.8 24 Aug 5.8 +0.5 0.6 11 Aug 287.4 244.0 average 118%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 15.9 +1.4 23.3 31 Jul 9.8 +1.1 5.1 4 Aug 311.2 260.2 high 120%
Gelantipy 10.4 +0.1 16.1 31 Aug 3.3 +0.6 -3.1 12 Aug 200.8 180.2 average 111%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 15.8   22.2 31 Jul 6.7   1.4 4 Aug 198.0
Mallacoota 15.8 +0.4 23.2 31 Jul 7.2 +0.5 0.9 18 Jul 333.0 241.1 high 138%
Mount Nowa Nowa 13.5 -0.1 19.6 31 Aug 7.0 +0.6 1.5 3 Aug 287.4 203.7 high 141%
Orbost 15.5 0.0 21.4 31 Jul 6.5 +0.5 1.0 4 Aug 258.2 225.7 average 114%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 15.2 +0.5 22.6 31 Jul 9.1 +0.5 3.8 4 Aug 457.9 291.1 v high 157%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 15.2 +0.1 21.1 30 Jul 5.1 +0.8 -1.7 4 Aug 136.8 151.3 average 90%
East Sale Airport 14.7 +0.3 19.8 31 Aug 4.9 +1.1 -2.2 4 Aug 119.4 134.6 average 89%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 14.6 +0.4 21.0 31 Aug 5.1 +1.0 -3.0 4 Aug 198.0 188.7 average 105%
Mount Baw Baw 3.5 +0.6 10.4 28 Aug -0.6 +0.6 -8.5 3 Aug 599.4 486.0 high 123%
Mount Moornapa 13.0 +0.3 20.0 31 Aug 6.2 +0.5 0.8 3 Aug 221.2 218.3 average 101%
Pound Creek 14.9   21.0 31 Aug 6.6   -0.3 22 Jul 282.6
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 13.6 +0.9 19.1 31 Aug 10.2 +1.5 3.4 2 Aug 281.2 363.2 low 77%
Yarram Airport 15.1   21.4 31 Aug 5.6   -3.7 4 Aug 147.0
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 14.5 +0.4 22.0 30 Aug 7.0 +1.1 -1.8 3 Aug 105.1 162.9 low 65%
Cerberus 14.5 +0.3 21.0 31 Aug 7.3 +0.7 -0.8 3 Aug 248.4 225.8 average 110%
Coldstream 14.4 +0.3 20.8 28 Aug 5.1 +1.0 -3.7 3 Aug 199.4 196.4 average 102%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 14.4 +0.5 22.5 31 Aug 7.7 +1.3 1.5 3 Aug 277.9 232.8 average 119%
Essendon Airport 14.7 +1.0 20.8 31 Aug 7.2 +1.6 -1.7 3 Aug 95.2 131.8 low 72%
Ferny Creek 10.6   17.4 28 Aug 6.0   1.3 2 Aug 375.6
Frankston AWS 13.7 +0.3 19.7 23 Aug 8.7 +0.4 2.7 3 Aug
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 15.1   21.8 31 Aug 8.5   1.2 3 Aug 100.4
Melbourne Airport 14.4 +0.7 20.9 31 Aug 6.7 +0.9 -0.4 23 Jul 94.6 121.0 low 78%
Melbourne Regional Office 15.6 +1.4 21.6 31 Aug 8.7 +2.2 1.4 3 Aug 110.4 147.0 low 75%
Moorabbin Airport 14.7 +0.4 21.0 31 Aug 7.7 +1.2 1.4 3 Aug 149.0 184.3 low 81%
Rhyll 14.5 +0.7 19.3 31 Aug 9.1 +0.6 4.4 22 Jul 287.0 211.4 high 136%
Scoresby Research Institute 14.5 +0.9 20.8 30 Aug 7.1 +1.0 0.1 4 Aug 199.4 224.7 average 89%
Viewbank 14.7 +0.2 20.6 31 Aug 6.9 +0.7 -1.2 3 Aug 113.6 160.3 v low 71%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 10.3 +0.5 17.1 28 Aug 5.1 +0.7 0.6 2 Aug 162.0 191.0 low 85%
Wonthaggi 14.8 +0.7 21.5 31 Aug 7.8 +1.3 2.5 22 Jul 314.4 298.3 average 105%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 14.9 +0.1 23.4 31 Aug 6.1 +0.6 -3.2 3 Aug 110.6 121.1 average 91%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 14.8   22.4 31 Aug 7.1   0.7 3 Aug 144.8
Laverton RAAF 14.7 +0.4 22.7 31 Aug 6.9 +1.5 -0.8 3 Aug 97.0 122.3 low 79%
Sheoaks 13.1 +0.3 19.8 31 Aug 5.6 +0.3 -1.6 3 Aug 119.8 125.5 average 95%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 12.9 +0.3 19.9 28 Aug 4.1 +0.8 -3.2 3 Aug 178.2 186.6 average 95%
Eildon Fire Tower 10.5 +0.5 18.1 26 Aug 4.6 +0.3 -1.4 3 Aug 155.6 209.4 low 74%
Lake Eildon 13.7 +1.0 21.2 27 Aug 4.5 +0.5 -2.5 12 Aug 232.4 286.2 low 81%
Mangalore Airport 13.8 +0.4 20.3 27 Aug 4.2 +0.5 -3.0 5 Aug 127.8 174.0 low 73%
Maryborough 13.6 +0.6 21.0 28 Aug 4.3 +0.5 -3.0 4 Aug 146.0 166.5 average 88%
Redesdale 13.6 +0.9 21.0 27 Aug 3.6 +0.3 -3.9 4 Aug 152.2 186.4 average 82%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 12.9 +0.5 20.9 28 Aug 4.2 +0.5 -4.0 23 Jul 181.9 187.6 average 97%
Ballarat Aerodrome 11.3 +0.5 18.1 28 Aug 3.7 +0.1 -4.6 3 Aug 177.6 204.0 average 87%
Westmere 12.9   18.8 30 Aug 4.4   -3.5 23 Jul 143.6
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 14.2 +0.3 21.8 31 Aug 8.1 +0.5 3.3 1 Aug 177.4 196.9 average 90%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 14.4 +0.2 21.6 31 Aug 9.1 +0.4 4.8 21 Jul 289.8 294.5 average 98%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 13.9 +0.4 21.5 31 Aug 9.0 +1.1 3.4 22 Jul 268.0 306.6 average 87%
Casterton 13.9   21.2 29 Aug 5.4   -0.6 12 Aug 245.8 230.5 average 107%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 12.4 +0.2 19.0 31 Aug 6.0 +0.3 0.3 2 Aug 180.8 178.0 average 102%
Dartmoor 14.3   21.5 30 Aug 5.6   -2.4 3 Aug 266.4
Hamilton Airport 13.1 +0.3 20.5 31 Aug 4.9 +0.2 -1.6 22 Jul 216.4 216.8 average 100%
Mortlake Racecourse 13.8 +0.3 20.1 31 Aug 5.2 +0.4 -2.6 23 Jul 199.0 182.0 average 109%
Port Fairy AWS 14.8 +0.1 22.3 31 Aug 7.6 +0.3 0.9 3 Aug 246.8 263.3 average 94%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 13.9 +0.3 21.0 30 Aug 7.1 +0.5 1.1 3 Aug 339.2 329.8 average 103%
Portland NTC AWS 14.2   20.3 31 Aug 8.9   2.7 3 Aug
Warrnambool Airport NDB 14.1 0.0 20.5 31 Aug 6.0 +0.2 -0.6 23 Jul 273.0 259.1 average 105%

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 2 pm on Monday 1 September 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries