Very warm and dry spring for Victoria

Spring 2014 brought the second-highest mean daily maximum temperature for Victoria in 105 years of record. Temperatures were above average across the State, with much of the coastal southwest highest on record and many individual sites also setting spring records. Preliminary data shows the average maximum temperature for the state was 21.95 °C, which is 2.54 °C warmer than the 1961-1990 average.

Average night-time temperatures were warmer than normal in most parts except the Wimmera and Northern Country districts.

It was also the driest spring for at least 20 years for many stations. Generally, rainfall was very much below average in the west tending to below average in the centre through to above average in parts of East Gippsland

  • Victoria's second-warmest spring daytime temperatures
  • Average minimum temperatures warmer than normal in most parts
  • rainfall below average except in the east

Further information

Media
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Extremes in spring 2014
Hottest day 40.6 °C at Walpeup Research on 30 Nov
Warmest days on average 27.2 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 9.6 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day -2.5 °C at Mount Hotham on 2 Sep
Coldest night -6.1 °C at Mount Buller on 19 Sep
Coolest nights on average 2.0 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 12.0 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 22.8 °C at Mildura Airport on 14 Nov
Warmest on average overall 18.8 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 5.8 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 458.2 mm at Mount Baw Baw
Driest overall 23.8 mm at Boundary Bend
Wettest day 96.6 mm at Weeragua (Cann River (East Branch) at Ch on 14 Oct
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at Mount Hotham on 9 Sep

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest spring total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 96.8 109.0 in 1987 33 199.1
Hamilton Airport 67.4 92.0 in 2006 32 170.2
Port Fairy AWS 82.2 90.0 in 1995 21 168.4

Lowest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Average for
spring
Nelson 81.8 48.0 in 1900* 112 181.5
Beech Forest 228.2 227.8 in 1914* 57 461.1
Casterton Showgrounds 73.9 61.8 in 1967 47 176.6
Cavendish (Post Office) 71.2 56.8 in 1967 47 176.2
Penshurst (Post Office) 83.8 76.6 in 1967* 46 195.7
Wyelangta 284.0 257.9 in 1967* 46 515.8
Hawkesdale (Post Office) 99.4 90.4 in 1967* 45 192.8
Coleraine Hospital 79.7 61.7 in 1967* 43 172.5
Merino 75.4 67.7 in 1967* 43 199.8
Willaura (Main Street) 57.4 50.9 in 1967* 42 155.2
Longerenong 32.4 22.7 in 1982 32 112.0
Yanac North 35.4 22.8 in 1982 32 111.4
Birchip (Woodlands) 29.8 11.5 in 1982* 31 98.2
Dimboola 32.4 17.4 in 1982* 30 112.6
Balmoral (Post Office) 70.4 69.4 in 1987* 21 166.1
Harrietville 206.4 201.8 in 1991* 20 383.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record lowest spring daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Combienbar AWS 5.6 on 2 Sep 6.1 on 19 Sep 1994 21 18.3



Record highest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Melbourne Regional Office 22.0 21.9 in 1961 159 19.6
Longerenong 24.4 23.9 in 2006 78 20.9
Ouyen (Post Office) 26.5 26.2 in 2006 77 23.8
Mildura Airport 27.2 26.5 in 2012 68 24.0
Walpeup Research 26.3 25.7 in 2009 64 23.2
Scoresby Research Institute 21.0 20.8 in 2009 54 19.0
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 23.4 = 23.4 in 2009 49 21.0
Ararat Prison 21.5 21.0 in 2006 45 18.2
Castlemaine Prison 21.6 21.5 in 1982 44 19.2
Melbourne Airport 21.4 = 21.4 in 2009 44 19.3
Moorabbin Airport 20.8 20.7 in 2009 43 19.2
Warracknabeal Museum 25.0 24.6 in 2006 39 21.9
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 18.5 18.2 in 2011 32 16.9
Hamilton Airport 20.7 20.0 in 2006 31 17.9
Aireys Inlet 19.8 19.2 in 2006 22 17.9
Bendigo Airport 23.4 22.8 in 2006 22 20.6
Mortlake Racecourse 20.5 20.1 in 2006 22 18.1
Mount Hotham 9.6 = 9.6 in 2006 22 7.2
Port Fairy AWS 19.5 19.1 in 2009 22 18.2
Rhyll 19.0 = 19.0 in 2009 22 17.9
Sheoaks 20.4 20.0 in 2006 22 18.1
Redesdale 22.7 22.2 in 2006 21 19.7
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 18.1 17.9 in 2006 20 16.1

Highest spring mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
spring
Echuca Aerodrome 25.0 26.7 in 1914 100 22.1
Kerang 26.0 27.3 in 1914* 91 22.9
Maryborough 22.9 23.5 in 1938* 68 20.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest spring daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Aireys Inlet 21.6 on 8 Nov = 21.6 on 30 Nov 2003 23 9.5



Record lowest spring temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Longerenong -3.5 on 19 Sep -3.1 on 16 Oct 2004 50 6.9



Record highest spring mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Mount Buller 3.2 3.1 in 2009 27 1.7
Falls Creek 3.0 = 3.0 in 2002 23 1.6



Record highest spring mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Walpeup Research 18.3 18.2 in 2009 64 16.1
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 13.7 = 13.7 in 2011 32 12.7
Mount Buller 7.0 = 7.0 in 2006 27 5.1
Aireys Inlet 14.9 14.7 in 2011 22 13.7
Mortlake Racecourse 13.6 = 13.6 in 2009 22 12.3
Mount Hotham 5.8 5.6 in 2006 22 4.1
Port Fairy AWS 14.8 14.7 in 2011 22 13.9
Redesdale 14.3 = 14.3 in 2009 21 12.9

Highest spring mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Average for
spring
Longerenong 15.6 15.8 in 1919* 55 13.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for spring 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2014
Mean for
spring
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2014
Total for
spring
2014
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2014
Fraction of
spring
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 27.2 +3.2 40.4 30 Nov 10.5 +0.6 1.3 3 Sep 31.0 81.6 low 38%
Ouyen (Post Office) 26.5 +2.7 40.3 30 Nov 10.0 +1.0 1.8 18 Sep 89.4 94.6 average 95%
Walpeup Research 26.3 +3.1 40.6 30 Nov 10.2 +1.2 1.9 3 Sep 34.4 92.1 v low 37%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 26.1 +1.8 40.0 30 Nov 7.9 +0.1 -2.1 3 Sep 42.6 75.7 low 56%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 26.5 +2.4 39.2 30 Nov 8.4 -0.1 -0.6 19 Sep 44.8 93.7 low 48%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 24.2 +1.7 39.6 30 Nov 7.8 0.0 -0.5 3 Sep 28.4 82.9 v low 34%
Warracknabeal Museum 25.0 +3.1 39.5 30 Nov 8.1 +0.2 0.4 13 Sep 44.7 110.6 v low 40%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 22.6   38.5 30 Nov 7.7   -0.7 19 Sep 61.2 100.1 low 61%
Grampians (Mount William) 14.5   29.0 30 Nov 4.8   -1.2 14 Oct 137.8
Horsham Aerodrome 24.2 +2.4 39.0 30 Nov 6.1 -0.1 -2.4 19 Sep 36.0 100.2 v low 36%
Kanagulk 22.5 +2.1 38.4 30 Nov 6.9 -0.3 -0.9 19 Sep 62.6 93.2 low 67%
Longerenong 24.4 +3.5 39.1 30 Nov 6.7 -0.2 -3.5 19 Sep 32.4 112.0 v low 29%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 17.9   32.9 30 Nov 6.7   0.6 14 Oct 84.6
Stawell Aerodrome 22.6 +2.6 36.8 30 Nov 8.1 +0.4 -0.1 19 Sep 48.6 128.9 v low 38%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 25.4 +2.2 38.5 30 Nov 8.2 +0.2 -2.1 19 Sep 65.4 98.9 low 66%
Echuca Aerodrome 25.0 +2.9 37.8 8 Nov 8.5 -0.2 1.0 19 Sep 98.2 113.2 average 87%
Kerang 26.0 +3.1 39.0 30 Nov 9.3 +0.4 2.3 18 Sep 54.2 102.6 low 53%
Kyabram 24.4 +3.1 37.6 30 Nov 8.1 +0.4 0.7 19 Sep 84.4 119.0 average 71%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 23.4 +2.8 37.3 8 Nov 7.3 +0.4 -2.3 19 Sep 108.0 140.6 average 77%
Shepparton Airport 24.0 +2.0 36.5 8 Nov 8.2 +0.5 0.3 6 Sep 107.0 120.1 average 89%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 23.4 +2.4 36.0 8 Nov 7.9 +0.2 -0.4 19 Sep 93.0 130.3 average 71%
Yarrawonga 25.0 +2.4 36.5 30 Nov 8.0 +0.2 -0.3 19 Sep 134.4 121.8 average 110%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 23.5   34.6 8 Nov 7.1   -0.4 3 Sep 126.2
Corryong Airport 23.7   37.9 14 Nov 5.2   -3.5 4 Sep 176.4
Dartmouth Reservoir 22.5 +2.3 33.5 23 Nov 7.1 +0.1 -1.0 3 Sep 203.0 270.2 average 75%
Hunters Hill 18.5 +2.6 32.2 14 Nov 8.5 +1.4 -0.3 3 Sep 201.0 301.2 average 67%
Rutherglen Research 23.9 +2.8 35.6 30 Nov 5.1 -1.3 -3.0 4 Sep 140.8 157.2 average 90%
Strathbogie 19.9 +2.1 31.6 30 Nov 5.3 -0.2 -1.6 6 Sep 136.6 244.0 low 56%
Wangaratta Aero 23.6 +2.1 34.9 30 Nov 6.2 -0.6 -1.0 19 Sep 96.4 152.2 low 63%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 11.1 +2.4 21.7 14 Nov 3.0 +1.4 -5.3 3 Sep 260.0 366.3 low 71%
Mount Buller 10.8 +2.3 20.3 23 Oct 3.2 +1.5 -6.1 19 Sep 228.4 430.4 v low 53%
Mount Hotham 9.6 +2.4 19.7 14 Nov 2.0 +1.1 -5.7 1 Oct 321.2 399.4 low 80%
Omeo 19.9 +1.2 33.4 14 Nov 4.5 -0.8 -3.4 19 Sep 144.8 185.1 low 78%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 19.0 +0.7 33.1 14 Nov 8.4 +0.3 2.8 1 Oct 318.4 279.6 high 114%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 18.6 +1.5 34.2 14 Nov 12.0 +0.8 7.4 1 Oct 235.2 220.3 average 107%
Gelantipy 17.2 +0.8 29.3 14 Nov 6.5 +0.4 0.2 4 Sep 246.0 229.1 average 107%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 20.0   32.6 14 Nov 9.7   2.9 6 Sep 180.5
Mallacoota 20.0 +1.0 34.1 14 Nov 10.7 +0.7 4.0 7 Sep 275.2 246.8 high 112%
Mount Nowa Nowa 19.5 +0.5 33.8 8 Nov 9.3 +0.1 4.3 3 Sep 243.2 223.2 average 109%
Orbost 20.3 +0.2 33.3 8 Nov 9.4 +0.1 4.3 12 Nov 179.6 192.9 average 93%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 19.6 +1.1 32.8 12 Oct 11.6 +0.5 5.5 1 Oct 279.6 232.5 high 120%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 20.9 +1.2 34.7 8 Nov 7.8 +0.2 0.4 6 Sep 151.8 193.8 average 78%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 18.8   32.3 8 Nov 9.1   0.8 5 Sep 174.8
East Sale Airport 20.4 +1.2 34.0 8 Nov 7.9 +0.4 0.9 8 Sep 182.4 172.7 average 106%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 20.8 +1.4 33.4 8 Nov 7.8 +0.2 0.4 4 Sep 159.0 223.5 low 71%
Mount Baw Baw 10.6 +1.8 21.9 30 Nov 2.8 +1.0 -3.7 1 Oct 458.2 480.9 average 95%
Mount Moornapa 19.6 +1.0 33.5 8 Nov 8.5 +0.2 2.3 1 Oct 197.0 247.5 low 80%
Pound Creek 19.2   31.1 8 Nov 8.7   -0.6 5 Sep 184.8
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 17.2 +1.5 32.2 8 Nov 11.4 +1.3 6.8 18 Sep 167.2 262.6 v low 64%
Yarram Airport 20.0   34.4 8 Nov 7.7   -0.7 6 Sep 152.0
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University)     36.0 8 Nov 9.4 +0.5 1.7 4 Sep 154.0 193.3 low 80%
Cerberus 19.4 +1.0 33.5 8 Nov 9.3 +0.3 0.9 7 Sep 168.4 191.5 average 88%
Coldstream 21.1 +1.3 33.2 8 Nov 7.0 0.0 -0.3 4 Sep 173.8 211.0 average 82%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens 19.9 +1.1 33.2 8 Nov 8.8 -0.2 3.2 4 Sep 200.5 243.9 average 82%
Essendon Airport 21.4 +2.2 35.9 8 Nov 9.6 +1.3 2.2 13 Sep 151.6 170.4 average 89%
Ferny Creek 17.5   29.9 8 Nov 8.1   3.4 12 Sep 292.0
Frankston AWS 19.2 +1.4 32.8 30 Nov 11.1 +0.4 5.4 4 Sep
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 21.0   35.0 30 Nov 11.2   4.8 4 Sep 135.2
Melbourne Airport 21.4 +2.1 36.3 8 Nov 9.0 +0.4 1.7 4 Sep 131.4 164.7 average 80%
Melbourne Regional Office 22.0 +2.4 35.2 8 Nov 11.5 +1.9 5.0 5 Sep 154.0 184.3 average 84%
Moorabbin Airport 20.8 +1.6 34.9 8 Nov 10.2 +0.8 2.4 5 Sep 148.0 198.5 low 75%
Rhyll 19.0 +1.1 30.6 8 Nov 11.3 +0.6 6.5 4 Sep 176.4 192.1 average 92%
Scoresby Research Institute 21.0 +2.0 34.2 30 Nov 9.1 +0.2 1.3 4 Sep 201.4 249.9 low 81%
Viewbank 21.8 +1.4 35.7 30 Nov 9.4 +0.1 1.5 4 Sep 143.8 195.9 average 73%
Wonthaggi 19.4 +1.3 31.5 30 Nov 10.2 +1.2 3.0 6 Sep 209.6 247.2 low 85%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 21.9 +2.0 35.9 8 Nov 8.4 0.0 -0.3 22 Sep 99.6 146.2 low 68%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 21.1   35.4 8 Nov 9.4   2.7 22 Sep 77.0
Laverton RAAF 21.1 +1.9 35.6 8 Nov 9.2 +0.8 0.7 22 Sep 95.8 158.4 low 60%
Sheoaks 20.4 +2.3 35.2 30 Nov 7.5 0.0 0.0 22 Sep 100.2 168.1 low 60%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 21.6 +2.4 35.0 8 Nov 7.1 +0.2 -1.5 19 Sep 119.9 167.7 low 71%
Eildon Fire Tower 18.8 +1.8 30.7 8 Nov 8.1 +0.5 2.4 4 Sep 145.8 172.0 average 85%
Lake Eildon 22.2 +2.3 33.8 8 Nov 7.6 +0.2 0.0 5 Sep 161.6 227.0 low 71%
Mangalore Airport 22.9 +2.4 36.0 8 Nov 7.4 -0.1 -1.5 19 Sep 137.2 150.9 average 91%
Maryborough 22.9 +2.8 36.5 30 Nov 7.7 +0.4 0.6 12 Sep 65.4 140.6 low 47%
Redesdale 22.7 +3.0 36.6 8 Nov 5.9 -0.1 -1.6 19 Sep 114.6 148.8 average 77%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 18.1 +2.0 32.1 8 Nov 7.8 +0.7 2.6 15 Oct 167.4 180.1 average 93%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 21.5 +3.3 36.2 30 Nov 6.4 +0.1 -3.6 19 Sep 67.9 161.2 v low 42%
Ballarat Aerodrome 19.2 +2.5 32.3 30 Nov 6.2 -0.1 -1.9 17 Oct 119.6 194.1 low 62%
Westmere 21.1   36.5 30 Nov 5.4   -2.3 3 Nov 74.4
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 19.8 +1.9 33.7 7 Nov 10.1 +0.6 5.9 22 Sep 91.6 179.4 v low 51%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 18.5 +1.3 35.2 7 Nov 11.1 +0.5 4.7 20 Sep 75.2 165.6 v low 45%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 17.9 +1.1 32.9 7 Nov 10.8 +1.2 5.9 4 Sep 131.4 234.2 v low 56%
Casterton 20.8   37.0 30 Nov 7.1   -0.7 19 Sep 69.6 144.2 v low 48%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 19.3 +2.1 33.9 30 Nov 8.3 +0.5 2.9 12 Sep 98.0 149.4 low 66%
Dartmoor 21.1   37.1 30 Nov 7.7   -1.0 20 Sep 67.0
Hamilton Airport 20.7 +2.8 36.9 30 Nov 6.8 0.0 0.3 19 Sep 67.4 170.2 lowest 40%
Mortlake Racecourse 20.5 +2.4 36.0 30 Nov 6.7 +0.1 -1.0 6 Sep 78.2 156.2 v low 50%
Port Fairy AWS 19.5 +1.3 34.4 7 Nov 10.1 +0.5 3.9 20 Sep 82.2 168.4 lowest 49%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 18.5 +1.6 32.6 7 Nov 9.0 +0.5 0.6 21 Sep 96.8 199.1 lowest 49%
Portland NTC AWS 17.7   31.0 7 Nov 10.8   4.6 21 Sep
Warrnambool Airport NDB 19.5 +1.4 34.1 30 Nov 7.7 -0.1 -1.0 21 Sep 90.4 184.6 v low 49%

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 1 December 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries