Victoria in spring 2016: wetter than average with cooler than average days

Victoria experienced its tenth-wettest spring on record. Overall, temperatures were generally close to average, with cooler than average days and slightly warmer than average nights.

Wetter than average

Cooler than average days

  • Overall, Victoria experienced slightly cooler than average temperatures (the Victorian mean temperature for spring was 0.10 °C below average)
  • With spring temperatures much warmer than average in recent years (for example 2015 and 2014), 2016 was the coolest spring since 2003 (13 years ago)
  • Victoria had generally cooler than average days, and slightly warmer than average nights
  • Temperaures were cooler than average in the northwest, but warmer than average in the State's far east
  • Daytime temperatures were particularly cool in the north and west of the State during September and October
  • Hot northerly winds on November 21 resulted in several sites around the State recording temperatures over 40 °C for the first time in the season. The hottest temperature for spring was 41.1 °C at Walpeup Research on 21 November.
  • Several sites had their lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
  • Warracknabeal and Ouyen recorded their coolest spring for at least 20 years

Strong and gusty winds

  • Gusts in excess of 90 km/h were recorded at sites around the State at regular intervals during spring, particularly during September and October
  • The strongest recorded wind gust for spring was 144 km/h at Mount Hotham on 29 September as an intense low pressure system and cold front crossed the State

Further information

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Extremes in spring 2016
Hottest day 41.1 °C at Walpeup Research on 21 Nov
Warmest days on average 23.5 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest days on average 6.4 °C at Mount Hotham
Coldest day -1.4 °C at Mount Hotham on 3 Oct
-1.4 °C at Mount Hotham on 31 Oct
Coldest night -6.3 °C at Mount Hotham on 19 Oct
Coolest nights on average -0.1 °C at Mount Hotham
Warmest nights on average 11.4 °C at Gabo Island Lighthouse
Warmest night 22.3 °C at Walpeup Research on 21 Nov
Warmest on average overall 16.4 °C at Mildura Airport
Coolest on average overall 3.1 °C at Mount Hotham
Wettest overall 664.0 mm at Grampians (Mount William)
Driest overall 117.2 mm at Gnarwarre (Barwon River at Pollocksford)
Wettest day 78.6 mm at Grampians (Mount William) on 14 Sep
Strongest wind gust 144 km/h at Mount Hotham on 29 Sep

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest spring daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Tarnagulla 76.6 on 14 Sep 57.9 on 23 Sep 1916 124
Natte Yallock 60.0 on 14 Sep 59.4 on 22 Nov 1942 117
Ararat Prison 51.8 on 14 Sep 48.2 on 6 Oct 1979 48
Poolaijelo (Karinya) 57.4 on 9 Sep 49.0 on 29 Nov 1977 22



Record highest spring total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Clunes 306.0 305.6 in 1975 138 156.8
Beulah 249.7 235.0 in 1964 114 103.2
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 343.4 338.8 in 1992 35 200.3
Mortlake Racecourse 253.2 240.0 in 2001 23 156.6
Yarrawonga 231.4 225.6 in 2010 23 126.1
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 271.6 255.2 in 2001 21 165.2
Mount Nowa Nowa 350.8 331.6 in 2008 21 231.9

Highest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
spring
Birchip (Woodlands) 207.8 250.6 in 1975* 98.5
Walpeup Research 190.0 202.7 in 1975* 92.7
Rupanyup (Post Office) 233.6 281.6 in 1975* 119.7
Werrimull 181.2 196.0 in 1975* 76.3
Ballarat Aerodrome 314.6 321.0 in 1992 194.0
Cavendish (Post Office) 262.4 310.4 in 1992 176.0
Derrinallum (Post Office) 277.4 372.2 in 1992 185.9
Hamilton Airport 286.2 323.6 in 1992 170.8
Lismore (Post Office) 293.6 313.3 in 1992 179.5
Natimuk 207.2 228.0 in 1992 120.5
Ouyen (Post Office) 205.4 216.0 in 1992 95.3
Yanac North 178.2 209.0 in 1992 111.5
Bronzewing 166.8 212.3 in 1992* 87.5
Derrinallum (Craigmore) 262.4 333.0 in 1992* 164.3
Kaniva 202.4 224.2 in 1992* 122.1
Longerenong 168.2 170.4 in 1993 112.0
Warracknabeal Museum 190.4 198.8 in 1993 111.0
Lindsay Point 178.0 195.0 in 1992* 85.6
Woomelang 186.6 233.4 in 1992* 97.4
Vaughan 312.4 336.0 in 1992* 170.5
Apsley (Post Office) 256.9 280.4 in 1992* 155.6
Bairnsdale Airport 241.8 292.8 in 1995* 194.2
Cann River 319.4 446.8 in 1995* 255.9
Great Western (Seppelt) 225.2 227.2 in 1992* 145.5
Nicholson Winery 259.8 289.6 in 1995* 210.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Stawell Aerodrome 18.3 18.4 in 2003 20 20.3

Lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Longerenong 19.7 18.5 in 1992* 21.0
Maryborough 18.7 18.5 in 1993 20.2
Warracknabeal Museum 20.5 =20.5 in 1993 22.1
Laverton RAAF 18.8 18.2 in 1995 19.3
Hunters Hill 14.6 14.4 in 1996 16.1
Mangalore Airport 19.4 19.3 in 1996 20.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Lowest spring mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Warracknabeal Museum 7.1 =7.1 in 1977* 7.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Lowest spring mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Warracknabeal Museum 13.8 13.6 in 1992 15.0
Ouyen (Post Office) 15.9 15.8 in 1996 16.4



Summary statistics for spring 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2016
Mean for
spring
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2016
Total for
spring
2016
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2016
Fraction of
spring
average
North Mallee (district 76)
Mildura Airport 23.5 -0.6 39.6 21 Nov 9.3 -0.6 2.8 23 Oct 169.6 82.1 v high 207%
Ouyen (Post Office) 23.1 -0.7 40.9 21 Nov 8.7 -0.4 0.2 3 Sep 205.4 95.3 v high 216%
Walpeup Research 23.0 -0.3 41.1 21 Nov 8.8 -0.3 1.8 22 Oct 190.0 92.7 v high 205%
South Mallee (district 77)
Hopetoun Airport 21.9 -2.7 40.4 21 Nov 6.9 -1.0 0.0 19 Sep 188.6 81.7 v high 231%
Swan Hill Aerodrome 22.4 -1.9 40.0 21 Nov 7.9 -0.6 0.2 24 Oct 140.2 93.4 high 150%
North Wimmera (district 78)
Nhill Aerodrome 19.9 -2.9 38.1 21 Nov 7.2 -0.6 1.5 23 Oct 166.0 86.5 v high 192%
Warracknabeal Museum 20.5 -1.6 38.2 21 Nov 7.1 -0.8 1.5 24 Oct 190.4 111.0 high 172%
South Wimmera (district 79)
Edenhope Airport 18.4 -2.6 34.0 20 Nov 7.7 -0.4 2.2 23 Sep 243.8 108.3 v high 225%
Grampians (Mount William) 10.7 -2.2 28.0 21 Nov 2.9 -1.4 -1.7 31 Oct 664.0 271.8 v high 244%
Horsham Aerodrome 19.4 -2.7 37.6 21 Nov 5.9 -0.3 -0.7 19 Oct 154.2 100.2 high 154%
Kanagulk 18.1 -2.6 35.2 21 Nov 7.0 -0.2 1.3 24 Oct 215.8 100.4 v high 215%
Longerenong 19.7 -1.3 38.7 21 Nov 6.2 -0.7 -0.5 19 Oct 168.2 112.0 high 150%
Pyrenees (Ben Nevis) 13.9   30.2 21 Nov 5.1   -0.3 22 Oct 289.4
Stawell Aerodrome 18.3 -2.0 37.3 21 Nov 7.4 -0.4 0.9 23 Sep 207.2 129.6 high 160%
Lower North (district 80)
Charlton 21.2 -2.4 40.0 21 Nov 7.1 -1.0 0.8 13 Oct 224.0 106.0 high 211%
Echuca Aerodrome 21.2 -1.0 38.1 21 Nov 8.4 -0.3 2.5 14 Oct 166.7 113.2 high 147%
Kerang 21.9 -1.0 39.5 21 Nov 8.8 -0.1 3.2 23 Oct 156.2 102.6 high 152%
Kyabram 20.9 -0.5 37.9 21 Nov 7.8 +0.1 1.6 19 Oct 158.0 119.1 high 133%
Upper North (district 81)
Bendigo Airport 19.6 -1.2 36.9 21 Nov 7.3 +0.3 1.2 19 Oct 249.4 142.5 high 175%
Shepparton Airport 20.2 -2.0 37.9 21 Nov 8.3 +0.5 2.4 19 Oct 180.8 121.8 high 148%
Tatura Inst Sustainable Ag 20.0 -1.1 37.7 21 Nov 7.6 -0.1 0.2 19 Oct 165.0 130.5 high 126%
Yarrawonga 21.1 -1.8 39.0 21 Nov 8.2 +0.4 1.9 24 Oct 231.4 126.1 highest 184%
Lower Northeast (district 82)
Benalla Airport 20.0   36.0 21 Nov 8.0   1.9 5 Oct 237.3 135.2 high 176%
Corryong Airport 20.1 -2.5 33.2 21 Nov 6.7 +0.9 0.7 20 Oct 315.2 204.0 high 155%
Dartmouth Reservoir 19.1 -1.3 32.9 21 Nov 7.6 +0.5 1.5 20 Oct 459.0 272.2 v high 169%
Hunters Hill 14.6 -1.5 28.0 21 Nov 6.3 -1.0 0.1 13 Oct 512.2 305.8 high 167%
Rutherglen Research 20.3 -0.9 36.7 21 Nov 6.9 +0.6 1.0 24 Oct 214.8 157.8 high 136%
Strathbogie 16.4 -1.5 29.1 20 Nov 5.5 0.0 -1.1 19 Oct 359.0 243.9 high 147%
Wangaratta Aero 20.3 -1.3 36.1 21 Nov 8.0 +1.2 2.9 20 Oct 244.8 154.1 high 159%
Upper Northeast (district 83)
Falls Creek 7.6 -1.3 20.3 20 Nov 0.9 -0.8 -5.6 19 Oct 368.4 361.1 average 102%
Mount Buller 7.6 -1.1 20.8 20 Nov 0.7 -1.1 -5.5 31 Oct 502.8 426.5 average 118%
Mount Hotham 6.4 -1.1 19.8 20 Nov -0.1 -1.1 -6.3 19 Oct 507.0 397.4 high 128%
Omeo 17.2 -1.7 29.9 21 Nov 5.5 +0.2 -1.4 14 Oct 257.0 188.4 high 136%
East Gippsland (district 84)
Combienbar AWS 17.9 -0.5 34.3 21 Nov 7.5 -0.6 2.7 19 Oct 282.4 279.2 average 101%
Gabo Island Lighthouse 18.1 +0.9 27.3 7 Oct 11.4 +0.2 8.1 9 Oct 242.8 220.1 average 110%
Gelantipy 15.6 -0.9 29.6 21 Nov 6.0 -0.2 -0.2 14 Oct 272.0 228.7 high 119%
Lakes Entrance (Eastern Beach Road) 19.6 -0.1 37.4 21 Nov 9.6 -0.1 3.6 18 Oct 224.5 192.8 average 116%
Mallacoota 19.2 +0.1 32.8 21 Nov 10.0 -0.1 4.9 4 Oct 286.2 247.8 high 115%
Mount Nowa Nowa 18.2 -0.9 35.3 21 Nov 8.7 -0.6 4.0 5 Oct 350.8 231.9 highest 151%
Point Hicks (Lighthouse) 18.9 +0.4 30.4 21 Nov 10.9 -0.2 5.8 20 Oct 283.8 232.8 high 122%
West Gippsland (district 85)
Bairnsdale Airport 19.6 -0.2 37.0 21 Nov 8.3 +0.7 2.1 19 Oct 241.8 194.2 high 125%
Corner Inlet (Yanakie) 17.4   33.3 21 Nov 8.9   2.2 14 Oct 242.4
East Sale Airport 19.4 +0.2 37.0 21 Nov 8.3 +0.7 2.3 20 Oct 152.8 171.0 average 89%
Morwell (Latrobe Valley Airport) 19.3 -0.2 37.0 21 Nov 8.1 +0.5 1.2 20 Oct 189.8 219.2 low 87%
Mount Baw Baw 8.0 -1.1 23.0 21 Nov 1.0 -1.0 -4.4 31 Oct 602.2 472.6 high 127%
Nilma North (Warragul) 18.2   34.6 21 Nov 8.1   0.7 14 Oct 214.4
Pound Creek 17.9   33.9 21 Nov 8.7   0.8 28 Oct 252.4 215.4 high 117%
Wilsons Promontory Lighthouse 16.2 +0.4 32.3 21 Nov 10.7 +0.6 5.8 31 Oct 312.2 261.7 high 119%
Yarram Airport 18.8   36.9 21 Nov 8.0   1.2 14 Oct 170.4
East Central (district 86)
Bundoora (Latrobe University) 19.0 -0.8 33.8 21 Nov 9.2 +0.3 3.6 28 Oct 256.8 195.0 high 132%
Cerberus 17.9 -0.6 34.9 21 Nov 9.0 0.0 1.8 14 Oct 204.0 188.5 average 108%
Coldstream 18.7 -1.2 33.2 21 Nov 7.7 +0.7 0.3 14 Oct 265.6 208.3 high 128%
Cranbourne Botanic Gardens     34.2 21 Nov 8.9 -0.1 3.1 14 Oct 239.1 238.4 average 100%
Essendon Airport 18.9 -0.4 34.8 21 Nov 9.3 +1.0 2.2 14 Oct 214.0 169.9 high 126%
Ferny Creek 15.1   30.0 21 Nov 7.2   2.1 19 Oct 420.0
Frankston AWS     33.5 21 Nov 10.6 -0.1 5.6 14 Oct
Melbourne (Olympic Park) 18.9   35.0 21 Nov 10.6   5.2 14 Oct 182.0
Melbourne Airport 18.6 -0.8 34.3 21 Nov 8.6 -0.1 2.2 14 Oct 205.2 164.2 average 125%
Moorabbin Airport 18.7 -0.6 35.7 21 Nov 10.1 +0.6 2.8 14 Oct 191.6 196.9 average 97%
Rhyll 17.6 -0.4 30.9 21 Nov 10.7 -0.1 6.7 11 Oct 184.4 187.6 average 98%
Scoresby Research Institute 18.9 -0.1 34.7 21 Nov 9.1 +0.2 1.3 14 Oct 237.2 247.7 average 96%
Viewbank 19.0 -1.6 34.2 21 Nov 9.3 -0.1 2.4 14 Oct 247.2 192.4 average 128%
Wonthaggi 18.0 -0.1 34.1 21 Nov 9.4 +0.4 3.9 14 Oct 265.0 247.4 average 107%
West Central (district 87)
Avalon Airport 19.1 -1.0 38.1 21 Nov 8.1 -0.3 1.2 14 Oct 152.8 144.3 average 106%
Breakwater (Geelong Racecourse) 18.7   36.2 21 Nov 8.9   3.4 14 Oct 201.2
Laverton RAAF 18.8 -0.5 35.9 21 Nov 8.9 +0.5 1.3 14 Oct 166.8 157.5 average 106%
Sheoaks 17.4 -0.9 34.9 21 Nov 7.3 -0.2 0.5 14 Oct 182.0 164.6 average 111%
North Central (district 88)
Castlemaine Prison 18.3 -1.0 35.0 21 Nov 8.6 +1.7 2.5 13 Oct 315.7 168.8 v high 187%
Eildon Fire Tower 15.5 -1.7 30.6 21 Nov 6.9 -0.8 1.9 19 Oct 292.6 173.3 v high 169%
Lake Eildon 19.3 -0.8 33.8 21 Nov 7.8 +0.4 1.3 13 Oct 278.0 226.5 high 123%
Mangalore Airport 19.4 -1.2 35.6 21 Nov 7.6 +0.1 0.6 19 Oct 193.0 150.2 high 128%
Maryborough 18.7 -1.5 36.4 21 Nov 7.1 -0.2 1.7 19 Oct 270.3 141.0 v high 192%
Wallan (Kilmore Gap) 15.0 -1.3 29.5 21 Nov 6.5 -0.6 1.8 31 Oct 342.6 183.7 v high 186%
Western Plains (district 89)
Ararat Prison 18.2 -0.2 34.2 21 Nov 6.7 +0.4 0.2 13 Oct
Ballarat Aerodrome 16.0 -0.8 31.0 21 Nov 6.3 0.0 0.6 14 Oct 314.6 194.0 v high 162%
Westmere 17.1 -2.6 33.0 21 Nov 6.3 +0.3 -0.4 14 Oct 258.8 133.0 v high 195%
West Coast (district 90)
Aireys Inlet 18.0 0.0 36.3 21 Nov 9.1 -0.4 4.3 31 Oct 246.6 178.3 high 138%
Cape Nelson Lighthouse 16.7 -0.6 31.8 17 Nov 10.2 -0.4 6.4 24 Oct 271.6 165.2 highest 164%
Cape Otway Lighthouse 16.4 -0.4 32.7 21 Nov 9.9 +0.3 5.2 2 Sep 298.4 233.6 high 128%
Casterton 17.5 -2.1 31.0 20 Nov 7.0 -0.4 0.5 23 Oct 254.6 147.4 v high 173%
Colac (Mount Gellibrand) 16.3 -1.2 33.7 21 Nov 7.3 -0.6 2.6 19 Oct 267.2 153.3 v high 174%
Dartmoor 17.6   30.9 17 Nov 7.5   0.0 23 Sep 228.6
Hamilton Airport 17.2 -0.9 32.5 21 Nov 6.7 -0.1 1.2 19 Oct 286.2 170.8 v high 168%
Mortlake Racecourse 17.4 -0.9 32.3 21 Nov 6.5 -0.1 0.3 3 Sep 253.2 156.6 highest 162%
Port Fairy AWS 17.6 -0.7 31.9 21 Nov     4.0 28 Oct 202.2 166.4 high 122%
Portland (Cashmore Airport) 16.2 -0.8 30.0 17 Nov 8.4 -0.2 3.1 23 Sep 343.4 200.3 highest 171%
Warrnambool Airport NDB 17.0 -1.3 33.3 21 Nov 7.6 -0.2 0.2 28 Oct 291.4 185.5 high 157%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Victoria using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries