New South Wales in 2019: record warm and record dry

2019 was the driest and warmest year on record for New South Wales. Despite some rain in some months, most of the State received much less rainfall than usual, with the northeast and far west particularly dry. Heatwaves in January brought very high temperatures, and large fires from September onward caused extensive damage and persistent smoke.

A record dry year

  • Total rainfall for New South Wales was the lowest on record, at 55% below average; well below the previous driest year of 1944
  • The northeast quarter and the far west of the State were especially dry, with numerous locations having their driest year on record and many of those more than 40% below the previous driest year; some locations had less than a quarter of their average annual rainfall
  • For much of the east away from the coast, March was the only month with above-average rain, and much of that fell over just a few days
  • Although there was rain into the western districts in April, May and November, annual totals were below average there
  • Localised moderate to heavy falls near the coast (including around Sydney) in June, August and September were not enough to compensate for the many months of below-average rain
  • This dry year continues a period of below-average rainfall across much of New South Wales that extends back to at least early 2017, as discussed in the Special Climate Statement Drought conditions in eastern Australia and impact on water resources in the Murray–Darling Basin

A record warm year with record hot days, but some cold nights

Further information

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Extremes in 2019
Hottest day 48.8 °C at Menindee Post Office on 25 Jan
Warmest days on average 30.8 °C at Mungindi Post Office
Coolest days on average 9.4 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day -5.2 °C at Thredbo AWS on 13 Jul
Coldest night -12.3 °C at Glen Innes Airport AWS on 19 Jul
Coolest nights on average 1.5 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 17.5 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Warmest night 36.6 °C at Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS) on 26 Jan
Warmest on average overall 22.6 °C at Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS)
Coolest on average overall 6.7 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Wettest overall 1627.2 mm at Perisher Valley AWS
Driest overall 28.6 mm at Mount Woowoolarah
Wettest day 165.6 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview) on 22 Feb
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at Thredbo AWS on 21 Sep
139 km/h at Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS on 25 Nov

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Weetaliba (Munna) 95.0 on 30 Mar 92.0 on 30 Jan 1984 55
Gunnedah (Beltana) 83.0 on 29 Mar 74.0 on 17 Jan 2004 20



Record lowest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 254.6 429.9 in 1915 144 844.4
Emmaville (Strathbogie) 266.8 398.8 in 1919 142 783.5
Gunnedah Pool 237.4 247.6 in 1946 137 615.7
Warialda Post Office 189.9 304.6 in 1919 137 679.6
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 293.7 321.2 in 1940 136 742.7
Gulgong Post Office 274.9 298.8 in 1888 135 647.7
Quirindi Post Office 303.9 337.7 in 1919 135 677.9
Tulloona (Coolanga) 180.3 207.3 in 1902 135 575.6
Angledool (Angledool Station) 117.3 149.8 in 1902 134 460.4
Pilliga Post Office 184.2 209.3 in 1902 134 547.6
Mungindi Post Office 154.0 168.1 in 1902 133 501.6
Deepwater Post Office 304.6 440.5 in 1940 126 790.0
Bingara (Keera) 171.4 333.1 in 1919 124 706.0
Collarenebri (Albert St) 121.2 173.6 in 1902 123 493.8
Wingham (Lanark Close) 378.8 492.0 in 1994 123 1092.7
Uralla (Salisbury Court) 246.2 468.0 in 1980 122 763.5
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 647.6 653.1 in 1980 121 1222.0
Dandaloo (Kelvin) 180.0 189.2 in 1967 120 491.0
Gilgandra (Chelmsford Ave) 195.6 224.1 in 2002 120 557.8
Barraba (Mount Lindsay) 316.2 463.7 in 1902 111 973.4
Brushgrove (Clarence St) 397.2 407.1 in 1915 108 1010.0
Sapphire (Argyle) 344.4 408.1 in 1918 108 755.4
Dunedoo Post Office 286.6 299.5 in 1918 107 609.4
Pallamallawa Post Office 189.0 261.6 in 2002 107 611.9
Collarenebri (Bundabarina) 93.2 177.8 in 2002 106 479.0
Croppa Creek (Krui Plains) 147.6 274.2 in 1965 104 577.1
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 335.2 490.6 in 1919 103 836.8
Paterson Post Office 544.4 546.6 in 1980 102 1025.8
Old Koreelah (McPherson) 273.8 480.1 in 1915 99 865.6
Hillgrove (Hillview) 253.3 462.5 in 1986 97 819.6
Krambach (Firefly Rd) 389.2 592.9 in 1980 97 1114.9
Lake Victoria Storage 66.4 81.6 in 1982 96 259.1
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 466.2 470.4 in 1940 93 780.5
Delungra (Pearsby Hall) 209.1 299.9 in 1965 91 655.8
Weabonga (Stoneleigh) 381.4 478.8 in 2018 91 808.4
Wentworth (Wamberra Station) 84.7 101.7 in 1927 91 259.6
Narrabri (Mollee) 195.7 280.4 in 1994 88 595.9
Trangie Research Station AWS 160.0 207.5 in 2006 88 491.6
Nerriga Composite 324.0 350.9 in 1982 82 763.7
Woodenbong (Unumgar St) 335.0 562.8 in 2002 81 997.1
Cryon (Koothney) 130.0 202.3 in 1944 78 476.1
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 764.2 814.5 in 1941 76 1481.2
Urbenville 364.6 588.0 in 2000 72 1038.0
Walcha (Karori) 474.5 585.9 in 1957 72 913.5
Wellingrove (Wangalea) 469.0 485.8 in 1980 72 841.1
Inverell Research Centre 256.1 413.4 in 1965 68 791.0
Eumungerie Post Office 222.6 263.0 in 2006 67 561.7
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 155.3 179.3 in 2006 65 453.0
Bonalbo Post Office 442.0 556.9 in 2002 63 1014.4
Glen Morrison (Branga Plains) 378.6 432.3 in 1982 60 891.0
Dundee (Wattle Dale) 362.6 549.7 in 2018 59 918.5
Nullamanna (Belmore) 304.8 377.4 in 1965 59 757.8
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 252.3 398.7 in 2018 59 770.3
Brays Creek (Misty Mountain) 545.0 760.3 in 1960 58 1433.9
Broken Hill Airport AWS 68.0 70.2 in 1982 58 247.7
Tenterfield (Aberfeldie) 259.4 532.2 in 1965 56 797.1
Nana Glen (Cowling Close) 663.2 732.0 in 1986 55 1358.3
Loomberah (Pendene) 308.4 358.8 in 2018 54 733.2
Uralla (Blue Nobby) 271.0 612.4 in 1980 53 932.8
Gowrie South 317.2 377.6 in 1994 52 782.3
Meldrum (Coolawarrah) 936.0 952.5 in 1979 52 1743.2
Tia (Highrent) 347.0 577.8 in 1994 52 858.1
Garah (Delvin) 114.0 295.6 in 2002 51 551.1
Rosebank (Repentance Creek) 881.8 1074.4 in 1986 51 1918.3
Alectown (Vanvilla) 216.2 313.9 in 1967 50 605.1
Green Pigeon (Morning View) 795.6 883.0 in 2002 50 1615.5
Mount Mitchell (Tirranna) 360.8 626.4 in 1994 50 978.5
The Channon 807.9 819.0 in 1986 50 1461.7
Whiporie Post Office 391.8 653.9 in 2002 49 1082.9
Bulga (Down Town) 327.6 336.3 in 1980 48 675.0
Clunes (Flatley Drive) 870.3 956.0 in 1986 48 1600.9
Lillian Rock (Williams Road) 762.0 912.6 in 1986 48 1576.7
Tabulam (Muirne) 528.6 716.4 in 2002 48 1247.0
Duri (Ashgrove) No 142 296.0 385.7 in 1965 47 697.2
Craven (Longview) 533.6 556.6 in 1980 45 1038.5
Hunter Springs (Wondecla) 579.6 666.0 in 2002 45 1133.6
Number One (Murrays Creek) 345.2 646.6 in 1980 45 1020.2
Pindari Dam 234.8 330.5 in 2018 45 721.4
Breeza (Alpha) 240.0 314.3 in 1982 43 637.7
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 716.7 767.5 in 2002 43 1571.3
Wooli Beach 649.5 834.7 in 1994 42 1361.3
Willow Tree (Yarrabah) 296.2 333.8 in 1918 40 585.1
Berrima West (Medway (Wombat Creek)) 392.8 433.3 in 1982 38 762.4
Krambach (Tipperary) 409.0 534.3 in 1980 38 1076.3
Manilla (Fern Hill) 224.4 361.8 in 2018 38 618.0
Quirindi (Spring Vale) 294.8 314.7 in 1965 38 652.4
Rosebank (Upper Coopers Creek) 932.6 1044.7 in 1986 37 1829.8
Guyra Hospital 302.0 598.2 in 2018 35 895.7
Gowrie (Lallybroch) 320.5 427.9 in 1982 34 698.5
Nowendoc (Green Hills) 454.0 607.2 in 1980 34 1062.2
Black Swamp (Maxwell) 296.2 490.8 in 2002 32 910.4
Brogo (Blanchards Road) 443.0 469.5 in 1982 32 950.5
Kingscliff (Woram Place) 861.1 916.3 in 1986 32 1763.4
Smiths Lake (Patsys Flat Road) 819.0 911.0 in 1993 31 1434.5
Cooma Airport AWS 318.6 325.0 in 2008 30 528.1
Parkes Airport AWS 229.8 248.2 in 2006 29 622.2
Werris Creek (Yandilla) 253.7 397.3 in 2006 28 670.6
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 416.4 441.2 in 2002 26 626.3
Cessnock Airport AWS 384.4 458.2 in 2006 26 720.5
Upper Allyn Township 598.6 661.2 in 1980 26 1352.4
Walgett Airport AWS 122.8 176.6 in 2002 26 414.3
Scone Airport AWS 281.2 341.6 in 2018 25 591.6
Beaumont (The Cedars) 807.8 919.6 in 2009 24 1606.9
Collaroy (Long Reef Golf Club) 824.6 828.2 in 2018 24 1177.3
Inverell (Raglan St) 238.0 520.0 in 2018 24 769.3
Moree Aero 125.4 277.4 in 2002 24 557.5
Nullo Mountain AWS 581.4 603.2 in 2006 24 928.5
Glen Innes Airport AWS 369.8 595.8 in 2002 23 866.8
Penrith Lakes AWS 450.0 501.0 in 2006 23 705.4
Armidale Airport AWS 315.2 549.8 in 2014 22 742.9
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Centre 98.5 186.6 in 2013 22 450.7
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 514.0 987.2 in 2002 22 1371.3
Putty Tea Rooms 406.0 426.5 in 1965 22 720.8
Robertson (The Pie Shop) 805.0 854.0 in 2009 22 1546.7
Wilsons Downfall 513.6 561.4 in 2002 22 1080.9
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 306.6 537.0 in 2014 21 724.3
Dubbo Airport AWS 211.2 228.6 in 2006 21 552.8
Nundle (Keeva) 362.4 445.2 in 1994 21 843.1
Ulladulla AWS 661.6 702.6 in 1996 21 1076.2
White Cliffs (Yalda Downs) 86.7 113.1 in 2002 21 255.2
Ballina Airport AWS 971.6 1134.2 in 2000 20 1789.6
McLeans Ridges (Lascott Drive) 765.1 944.6 in 2002 20 1466.2

Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Moss Vale (Hoskins Street) 446.8 373.5 in 1888 955.4
Tweed Heads Golf Club 961.6 858.2 in 1915* 1683.0
Glen Elgin (Glenbrook) 458.6 421.8 in 1915* 974.2
Brewarrina Hospital 144.2 114.3 in 1929* 409.9
Mullumbimby (Fairview Farm) 845.9 672.0 in 1915* 1752.8
Yamba Pilot Station 808.0 736.0 in 1932* 1457.8
Ulan Water 325.2 285.0 in 1919* 636.3
Willow Tree (Parraweena) 337.2 329.5 in 1946 673.7
Camden (Brownlow Hill) 393.6 335.9 in 1944* 738.4
Springwood (Valley Heights) 597.7 405.5 in 1944* 1078.2
Wallabadah (Woodton) 392.6 372.3 in 1946* 760.6
Tibooburra (Fort Grey) 33.5 29.0 in 1905* 171.8
Blackville (Krui Vale) 452.1 417.7 in 1940* 886.9
Nelligen (Thule Road) 551.4 542.2 in 1905* 1018.9
Oberon (Jenolan Caves) 530.0 509.9 in 1944* 966.3
Bombala (Therry Street) 385.0 356.9 in 1965* 645.3
Pooncarie Mail Agency 95.5 71.8 in 1967* 266.7
Darkes Forest (Kintyre) 752.4 630.4 in 1968* 1417.5
Paringi(Kerribee) 102.6 95.0 in 1967* 286.6
Hatfield (Benilkie) 119.5 57.6 in 1967* 282.9
Lostock Dam 564.3 441.4 in 1980* 966.9
Williamtown RAAF 729.4 541.0 in 1980* 1118.0
Balranald (RSL) 149.6 129.3 in 1982 322.7
Bungonia (Inverary Park) 338.6 271.2 in 1982 656.2
Sutton (Uba) 337.3 316.4 in 1982 638.7
Canberra (Australian National Botanic Ga 372.8 328.5 in 1982* 681.8
Dungog - Main Creek (Yeranda) 632.0 574.6 in 1980* 1207.4
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 285.2 233.3 in 1982* 619.5
Branxton (Dalwood Vineyard) 441.6 411.4 in 1980* 811.6
Bulga (South Wambo) 339.8 275.8 in 1980* 656.6
Fairlight Station 476.8 362.8 in 1982* 807.6
Moonan Flat (High St) 356.4 332.0 in 1980* 692.7
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 680.0 596.9 in 1980* 1118.0
Tuross 483.4 381.6 in 1982* 918.0
Crookwell Post Office 511.8 347.6 in 1982* 857.0
Narrandera Airport AWS 239.6 212.2 in 1982* 429.5
Orange Agricultural Institute 468.6 324.0 in 1982* 906.5
Snowball 439.0 435.2 in 1982* 902.4
Adaminaby Alpine Tourist Park 407.6 301.8 in 1982* 687.0
Mittagong (Alfred Street) 460.9 404.2 in 1982* 904.1
Montague Island Lighthouse 473.6 308.3 in 1982* 867.5
Oxley (Walmer Downs) 169.2 146.0 in 1982* 318.0
Big Hill (Glen Dusk) 361.0 342.8 in 1982* 697.7
Breadalbane (Old Post Office) 488.0 363.8 in 1982* 663.9
Colo Heights (Mountain Pines) 605.1 556.1 in 1980* 1010.2
Stroud Post Office 617.0 541.0 in 1980* 1137.1
Brungle (Bonnie Doon) 478.2 346.0 in 1982* 752.4
Culburra Treatment Works 691.1 609.7 in 1980* 1185.2
Nimmitabel Wastewater Treatment Facility 347.1 343.3 in 1982* 689.2
Araluen Lower (Araluen Rd) 393.0 387.8 in 1982* 871.9
Cowra Ag Research Station 302.7 240.2 in 1982* 619.1
Gunning Rural Supplies 381.7 286.5 in 1982* 653.2
Rockley Post Office 428.4 223.9 in 1982* 696.8
Bringelly (Maryland) 391.0 388.2 in 1982* 763.7
Tamworth Airport AWS 263.6 248.8 in 1994 618.3
Bettowynd (Condry) 442.0 319.0 in 1982* 772.4
Biala (Alvison) 472.8 296.0 in 1982* 694.3
Glen Morrison (Millbank) 358.0 349.7 in 1982* 840.7
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 967.1 930.7 in 1991* 1339.0
New Italy (Vineyard Haven) 694.7 475.3 in 1915* 1291.0
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 632.0 564.7 in 1994* 960.7
Bigga (Bigga St) 486.8 436.9 in 1902* 690.8
Aranda (Bindaga St) 371.8 362.6 in 1994* 651.7
Kurrajong Heights (Bells Line of Road) 654.1 634.8 in 1994* 1240.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Wagga Wagga AMO 45.2 on 17 Jan = 45.2 on 7 Feb 2009 78 22.2
Katoomba (Farnells Rd) 39.5 on 21 Dec 37.7 on 11 Feb 2017 58 16.9
Burrinjuck Dam 43.1 on 17 Jan 42.5 on 16 Jan 2014 55 20.7
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 44.0 on 21 Dec 43.9 on 15 Jan 2001 55 22.6
Inverell Research Centre 41.5 on 22 Dec 41.3 on 12 Feb 2017 55 22.8
Tumbarumba Post Office 40.8 on 16 Jan 40.5 on 10 Feb 2017 55 19.7
Lake Cargelligo Airport 47.7 on 17 Jan 47.0 on 3 Jan 1973 52 25.1
Tocumwal Airport 46.5 on 25 Jan 45.8 on 3 Jan 1990 50 23.0
Griffith Airport AWS 46.4 on 16 Jan 46.0 on 23 Jan 2001 49 24.1
Pindari Dam 43.0 on 22 Dec 42.8 on 12 Feb 2017 49 25.1
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 38.7 on 16 Jan 38.0 on 12 Feb 2017 49 20.6
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 36.8 on 21 Dec 36.5 on 11 Feb 2017 48 19.6
Cooma Visitors Centre 39.5 on 16 Jan 39.0 on 31 Jan 2009 47 19.4
Goulburn TAFE 41.4 on 21 Dec 41.2 on 11 Feb 2017 47 19.8
Broken Hill Airport AWS 46.3 on 16 Jan 45.5 on 11 Feb 2017 34 24.7
Goulburn Airport AWS 42.1 on 21 Dec 40.7 on 11 Feb 2017 29 19.8
Mount Boyce AWS 37.5 on 21 Dec 37.2 on 11 Feb 2017 29 17.1
Young Airport 44.1 on 21 Dec 43.0 on 11 Feb 2017 29 22.3
Albury Airport AWS 45.3 on 16 Jan 44.8 on 7 Feb 2009 27 22.5
Cootamundra Airport 43.6 on 17 Jan 43.2 on 1 Jan 2006 25 22.4
Narrandera Airport AWS 46.3 on 16 Jan 45.8 on 10 Feb 2017 25 23.8
Glen Innes Airport AWS 37.3 on 22 Dec 37.0 on 3 Jan 2014 24 20.3
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 37.8 on 21 Dec 37.6 on 12 Feb 2017 23 20.4
Deniliquin Airport AWS 47.2 on 25 Jan 46.6 on 7 Feb 2009 23 23.7
West Wyalong Airport AWS 46.3 on 17 Jan = 46.3 on 11 Feb 2017 21 24.2
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 47.9 on 16 Jan 47.6 on 11 Feb 2017 20 26.2
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 45.6 on 21 Dec 45.4 on 18 Jan 2013 20 22.4
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 48.5 on 25 Jan 47.6 on 6 Jan 2013 20 27.3



Record lowest daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Orange Airport AWS 2.1 on 10 Aug = 2.1 on 27 Jul 2000 24 18.4



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 24.0 23.8 in 2016 160 21.8
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 23.4 23.2 in 1915 96 21.4
Quirindi Post Office 27.5 26.8 in 2018 93 24.7
Bathurst Agricultural Station 22.7 22.3 in 2006 91 19.9
Bombala (Therry Street) 20.7 20.3 in 2009 90 18.5
Mungindi Post Office 30.8 30.5 in 2017 90 27.8
Lake Victoria Storage 25.9 25.5 in 2018 80 23.8
Sydney Airport AMO 24.5 24.1 in 2016 79 22.3
Trangie Research Station AWS 27.6 27.2 in 2018 72 24.7
Williamtown RAAF 25.3 24.7 in 2017 68 23.2
Inverell Research Centre 26.2 25.0 in 2018 59 22.8
Dunedoo Post Office 26.8 25.9 in 2018 58 24.0
Taralga Post Office 20.6 20.0 in 2006 56 18.3
Bankstown Airport AWS 25.2 24.9 in 2018 49 23.3
Peak Hill Post Office 26.8 26.7 in 2018 49 24.6
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 26.8 26.2 in 2002 49 24.3
Tabulam (Muirne) 25.1 24.4 in 2002 47 22.4
Tumbarumba Post Office 21.5 21.4 in 2018 47 19.7
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 23.2 22.3 in 2018 45 20.6
Camden Airport AWS 25.7 25.1 in 2018 40 23.8
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 26.4 25.4 in 2017 40 24.2
Goulburn TAFE 21.3 20.9 in 2002 38 19.8
Guyra Hospital 20.3 19.0 in 2018 30 17.8
Thredbo AWS 9.4 9.3 in 2006 29 8.3
Bathurst Airport AWS 22.6 22.1 in 2017 27 20.4
Bombala AWS 19.1 18.8 in 2009 27 17.9
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 21.1 20.3 in 2018 27 19.3
Cooma Airport AWS 19.7 19.1 in 2018 27 18.2
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.6 21.2 in 2018 27 19.8
Mount Boyce AWS 19.0 18.4 in 2018 27 17.1
Mudgee Airport AWS 25.1 24.1 in 2018 27 22.7
Scone Airport AWS 27.3 26.4 in 2018 27 24.5
Ballina Airport AWS 25.6 = 25.6 in 2009 26 24.6
Bega AWS 23.1 23.0 in 2009 26 21.9
Cessnock Airport AWS 26.6 25.5 in 2017 26 24.2
Dubbo Airport AWS 27.2 26.4 in 2018 26 24.6
Tamworth Airport AWS 27.5 26.8 in 2018 26 24.9
Cobar Airport AWS 27.7 27.5 in 2018 25 26.0
Richmond RAAF 26.1 25.9 in 2018 25 24.3
Walgett Airport AWS 29.5 29.3 in 2018 25 27.7
Casino Airport AWS 28.4 27.7 in 2016 24 26.1
Condobolin Airport AWS 26.8 26.7 in 2018 24 24.9
Forbes Airport AWS 26.2 25.8 in 2018 23 24.5
Grafton Research Stn 27.9 27.2 in 2016 23 25.9
Inverell (Raglan St) 26.7 25.5 in 2018 23 24.1
Moree Aero 29.3 28.5 in 2018 23 26.9
Norah Head AWS 23.7 23.4 in 2016 23 22.3
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 25.3 24.7 in 2016 23 23.8
Armidale Airport AWS 21.9 20.6 in 2018 22 19.6
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 24.1 23.9 in 2016 22 23.1
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 21.4 21.1 in 2016 22 20.0
Glen Innes Airport AWS 22.7 21.6 in 2002 22 20.3
Orange Airport AWS 20.3 19.7 in 2018 22 18.4
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 22.3 21.8 in 2018 22 20.9
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 22.9 21.6 in 2018 21 20.4
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 25.2 24.8 in 2018 21 23.8
Parkes Airport AWS 25.8 25.4 in 2018 21 23.9
Taree Airport AWS 25.4 24.9 in 2016 21 24.1
Tibooburra Airport 29.3 29.2 in 2013 21 28.1
Coonamble Airport AWS 28.3 27.9 in 2018 20 26.5
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 26.2 25.9 in 2016 20 24.7

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 23.2 24.8 in 1882* 21.8
Yamba Pilot Station 25.1 25.4 in 1897* 23.4
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.9 26.2 in 1897* 23.7
Wellington (D&J Rural) 26.6 26.7 in 1922* 24.4
Lake Cargelligo Airport 26.4 26.5 in 1920* 25.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Wagga Wagga AMO 29.8 on 17 Jan = 29.8 on 21 Dec 1994 78 9.1
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.6 on 27 Jan 25.1 on 28 Dec 1987 63 7.4
Nyngan Airport 32.0 on 18 Jan = 32.0 on 2 Feb 2006 61 11.7
Menindee Post Office 33.4 on 25 Jan 31.0 on 9 Feb 2017 60 11.4
Cobar MO 32.6 on 18 Jan 32.1 on 1 Jan 2006 58 12.8
Bombala (Therry Street) 26.1 on 31 Dec 24.2 on 6 Feb 1973 55 4.9
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 32.0 on 18 Jan 31.4 on 7 Feb 2009 55 10.2
Hume Reservoir 28.9 on 26 Jan 28.4 on 29 Dec 2018 55 10.0
Dunedoo Post Office 29.8 on 18 Jan 29.0 on 12 Feb 2017 54 9.7
Thredbo AWS 18.3 on 26 Jan = 18.3 on 8 Feb 2009 54 0.9
Lake Cargelligo Airport 33.9 on 18 Jan 32.8 on 8 Jan 1969 52 11.0
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 23.9 on 27 Jan 23.0 on 24 Jan 1993 49 5.6
Griffith Airport AWS 30.5 on 25 Jan 30.1 on 29 Dec 2018 48 10.2
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 22.0 on 16 Jan = 22.0 on 28 Jan 2018 39 12.1
Broken Hill Airport AWS 33.6 on 25 Jan 33.2 on 1 Jan 2006 34 11.7
Bombala AWS 24.7 on 31 Dec 23.4 on 8 Feb 2009 29 5.2
Wanaaring Post Office 33.7 on 25 Jan 32.6 on 7 Jan 2018 29 13.0
Albury Airport AWS 28.3 on 31 Dec = 28.3 on 8 Feb 2009 27 9.2
Cobar Airport AWS 33.2 on 18 Jan 32.6 on 1 Jan 2006 27 11.7
Condobolin Airport AWS 31.6 on 5 Jan 31.5 on 7 Feb 2009 27 10.3
Walgett Airport AWS 31.8 on 27 Jan 30.5 on 13 Jan 2013 27 12.0
Cootamundra Airport 27.0 on 5 Jan 26.5 on 6 Feb 2009 25 7.7
Forbes Airport AWS 30.0 on 5 Jan 28.8 on 7 Feb 2009 25 9.6
Narrandera Airport AWS 31.8 on 31 Dec 31.3 on 12 Jan 2010 25 9.9
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.0 on 21 Jan = 24.0 on 8 Jan 2004 25 12.8
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.8 on 18 Jan = 29.8 on 22 Nov 2009 23 11.8
Tibooburra Airport 34.8 on 26 Jan 33.5 on 19 Dec 2017 23 15.1
Bourke Airport AWS 33.7 on 27 Jan 32.2 on 7 Jan 2018 21 13.5
West Wyalong Airport AWS 30.3 on 5 Jan 29.4 on 15 Jan 2009 21 10.0
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 33.6 on 25 Jan 33.0 on 15 Feb 2004 20 12.4
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 33.6 on 25 Jan 32.5 on 18 Jan 2017 20 12.1



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Bega AWS -4.7 on 24 Aug -4.3 on 22 Jul 2017 28 8.9
Port Macquarie Airport AWS -3.5 on 31 May -3.0 on 1 Jul 2004 25 12.8
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 1.0 on 29 May 2.0 on 8 Aug 2012 21 14.4



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Trangie Research Station AWS 12.9 12.6 in 2009 73 10.9
Tabulam (Muirne) 13.5 13.4 in 2005 47 12.6
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 7.7 7.3 in 1983 45 5.6
Thredbo AWS 1.7 = 1.7 in 2014 30 0.9
Broken Hill Airport AWS 12.7 = 12.7 in 2009 29 11.7
Mount Boyce AWS 8.7 8.6 in 2016 27 8.0
Scone Airport AWS 11.2 11.0 in 1998 27 10.1
Dubbo Airport AWS 11.3 11.2 in 2007 26 10.2
Tamworth Airport AWS 11.0 10.8 in 1998 26 9.8
Walgett Airport AWS 12.9 = 12.9 in 2014 25 12.0
Condobolin Airport AWS 12.1 11.8 in 2009 23 10.3
Coonamble Airport AWS 13.1 12.7 in 2018 20 11.8

Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Yamba Pilot Station 16.5 16.7 in 1897 15.5
Lake Cargelligo Airport 12.9 14.7 in 1908* 11.0
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 9.0 9.3 in 1990* 7.4
Inverell Research Centre 11.1 11.2 in 1998 10.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 19.6 = 19.6 in 2016 160 17.8
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 19.4 19.3 in 2016 151 18.1
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 17.4 17.0 in 1980 135 15.5
Quirindi Post Office 18.9 18.4 in 2017 92 16.8
Bathurst Agricultural Station 14.9 = 14.9 in 1919 91 13.3
Bombala (Therry Street) 13.0 12.9 in 2009 88 11.7
Sydney Airport AMO 19.7 = 19.7 in 2016 79 17.9
Trangie Research Station AWS 20.3 19.8 in 2018 72 17.8
Williamtown RAAF 19.2 19.1 in 2017 68 17.8
Inverell Research Centre 18.7 17.8 in 2014 59 16.6
Dunedoo Post Office 18.8 18.4 in 2018 57 16.9
Bankstown Airport AWS 18.9 = 18.9 in 2016 49 17.7
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 19.6 19.0 in 2017 49 18.1
Tabulam (Muirne) 19.3 18.7 in 2002 46 17.5
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 15.4 14.4 in 2018 45 13.1
Camden Airport AWS 18.1 17.9 in 2016 40 17.0
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 19.4 19.1 in 2017 40 18.1
Goulburn TAFE 14.8 14.6 in 2016 36 13.7
Guyra Hospital 13.7 13.1 in 2014 30 12.2
Broken Hill Airport AWS 19.5 19.2 in 2018 29 18.2
Bathurst Airport AWS 14.9 14.6 in 2017 27 13.6
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 13.8 13.5 in 2018 27 12.7
Cooma Airport AWS 12.0 11.8 in 2009 27 11.1
Goulburn Airport AWS 14.0 13.7 in 2016 27 12.9
Mount Boyce AWS 13.9 13.4 in 2018 27 12.6
Mudgee Airport AWS 16.9 16.4 in 2017 27 15.4
Scone Airport AWS 19.3 18.6 in 2018 27 17.3
Dubbo Airport AWS 19.2 18.6 in 2018 26 17.4
Tamworth Airport AWS 19.2 18.5 in 2018 26 17.4
Cessnock Airport AWS 18.7 18.3 in 2017 25 17.4
Cobar Airport AWS 20.2 19.8 in 2014 25 18.9
Walgett Airport AWS 21.2 20.9 in 2017 25 19.9
Wanaaring Post Office 21.7 21.6 in 2014 25 20.6
Casino Airport AWS 20.7 20.5 in 2017 24 19.7
Richmond RAAF 18.7 18.6 in 2017 24 17.7
Condobolin Airport AWS 19.5 18.8 in 2009 23 17.6
Forbes Airport AWS 18.2 18.0 in 2009 23 17.1
Moree Aero 21.5 20.9 in 2018 23 19.7
Norah Head AWS 19.6 19.5 in 2016 23 18.8
Armidale Airport AWS 15.0 14.3 in 2014 22 13.5
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 18.3 = 18.3 in 2016 22 17.7
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 15.9 15.8 in 2016 22 15.0
Glen Innes Airport AWS 14.4 13.8 in 2018 22 13.2
Orange Airport AWS 13.5 13.1 in 2018 22 12.3
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 14.7 = 14.7 in 2009 22 13.9
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 14.5 14.0 in 2014 21 13.3
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 18.7 18.6 in 2017 21 17.9
Parkes Airport AWS 17.7 17.5 in 2018 21 16.6
Coonamble Airport AWS 20.7 20.3 in 2018 20 19.1
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 21.0 20.9 in 2017 20 20.0

Highest annual mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Yamba Pilot Station 20.8 21.1 in 1897* 19.4
Hillston Airport 19.1 19.7 in 1914* 17.7
Lake Cargelligo Airport 19.6 20.5 in 1919* 18.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2019
Mean
for
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2019
Total
for
2019
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2019
Fraction
of annual
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 28.1 +1.2 47.5 25 Jan 13.6 +0.6 -1.5 20 Jun 42.0 227.2 v low 18%
Smithville AWS 29.2   48.0 25 Jan 14.0   -2.1 21 Jun 33.8
Tibooburra Airport 29.3 +1.2 48.2 17 Jan     1.3 21 Jun 102.4 180.3 low 57%
Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS) 29.2   47.0 17 Jan 16.0   -0.5 21 Jun 124.2
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 28.1 +0.8 48.5 25 Jan 12.4 +0.3 -3.5 23 Jun 173.4 262.3 average 66%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 26.2 +1.5 46.3 16 Jan 12.7 +1.0 -0.9 24 Jun 68.0 247.7 lowest 27%
Lake Victoria Storage 25.9 +2.1 46.0 16 Jan     0.0 30 Aug 66.4 259.1 lowest 26%
Menindee Post Office     48.8 25 Jan 12.2 +0.8 -2.0 24 Jun 117.3 243.4 v low 48%
Mulurulu AWS 26.5   47.8 25 Jan 11.5   -2.6 14 Aug 152.6
Pooncarie Mail Agency 27.3 +0.8 48.2 16 Jan 11.5 +0.1 -1.5 24 Jun 95.5 266.7 v low 36%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 29.6 +1.3 47.4 17 Jan 14.2 +0.7 -3.4 21 Jun 210.6 295.3 low 71%
Cobar Airport AWS 27.7 +1.7 47.2 17 Jan 12.5 +0.8 -4.7 21 Jun 229.4 332.2 low 69%
Noona AWS 27.5   48.1 17 Jan 14.3   0.2 23 Jun 289.6
Wanaaring (Delta AWS) 29.1   47.5 17 Jan 13.7   -3.8 21 Jun 192.6
Wanaaring Post Office 29.8 +1.6 48.1 17 Jan 13.6 +0.6 -2.4 21 Jun 171.1 279.5 low 61%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 25.7 +1.3 47.4 25 Jan 10.6 +0.5 -0.6 24 Jun 149.6 322.7 v low 46%
Euabalong (Mount Hope AWS) 26.6   46.9 16 Jan 10.6   -5.4 23 Jun 217.0
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 27.1 +0.9 47.9 16 Jan 13.1 +0.7 0.3 20 Jun 175.2 232.7 low 75%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Airport AWS 26.8 +1.9 46.7 17 Jan 12.1 +1.8 -3.7 20 Jun 145.2 402.4 v low 36%
Peak Hill Post Office 26.8 +2.2 45.5 21 Dec 12.8 +0.8 -1.6 22 Jun
West Wyalong Airport AWS 25.4 +1.2 46.3 17 Jan     -2.3 20 Jun 243.2 432.8 low 56%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 28.3 +1.8 45.3 16 Jan 13.1 +1.3 -1.8 5 Aug 265.8 520.5 v low 51%
Girilambone (Okeh) AWS 28.4   46.6 16 Jan 14.4   0.4 15 Aug 97.4
Trangie Research Station AWS 27.6 +2.9 45.6 21 Dec 12.9 +2.0 -2.9 21 Jun 160.0 491.6 lowest 33%
Walgett (Brewon AWS) 29.2   46.8 16 Jan 13.3   -1.9 14 Jul 149.8
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 30.8 +3.0 47.0 22 Dec 14.0 +1.1 -1.6 23 Jun 154.0 501.6 lowest 31%
Walgett Airport AWS 29.5 +1.8 46.4 16 Jan 12.9 +0.9 -1.8 20 Jul 122.8 414.3 lowest 30%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 29.3 +2.4 45.9 22 Dec 13.6 +1.0 -3.8 22 Jun 125.4 557.5 lowest 22%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Narrabri Airport AWS 28.9 +2.1 42.8 20 Dec 13.2 +1.0 -4.6 21 Jun 206.2 540.5 v low 38%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Quirindi Post Office 27.5 +2.8 43.6 16 Jan 10.3 +1.3 -4.4 22 Jun 303.9 677.9 lowest 45%
Tamworth Airport AWS 27.5 +2.6 42.9 16 Jan 11.0 +1.2 -4.1 19 Jul 263.6 618.3 v low 43%
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 23.2 +2.6 38.7 16 Jan 7.7 +2.1 -7.0 31 May 252.3 770.3 lowest 33%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 22.9 +2.5 37.8 21 Dec 6.1 -0.1 -8.3 22 Jun 306.6 724.3 lowest 42%
Armidale Airport AWS 21.9 +2.3 36.4 21 Dec 8.1 +0.6 -5.9 31 May 315.2 742.9 lowest 42%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 22.7 +2.4 37.3 22 Dec 6.1 +0.1 -12.3 19 Jul 369.8 866.8 lowest 43%
Guyra Hospital 20.3 +2.5 34.6 22 Dec 7.1 +0.5 -6.0 31 May 302.0 895.7 lowest 34%
Inverell (Raglan St) 26.7 +2.6 41.8 22 Dec     -1.1 24 Sep 238.0 769.3 lowest 31%
Inverell Research Centre 26.2 +3.4 41.5 22 Dec 11.1 +0.8 -3.6 16 Jul 256.1 791.0 lowest 32%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 23.4 +2.0 35.7 19 Jan 7.2 -0.8 -9.1 19 Jul 254.6 844.4 lowest 30%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 25.1 +2.7 38.2 13 Feb 13.5 +0.9 2.8 11 Aug 528.6 1247.0 lowest 42%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 25.6 +1.0 38.0 8 Nov 14.7 +0.3 2.9 31 May 971.6 1789.6 lowest 54%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 24.6 +1.0 33.8 16 Dec 17.5 +0.5 8.0 12 Aug 766.2 1422.1 v low 54%
Casino Airport AWS 28.4 +2.3 41.9 13 Feb 13.1 -0.2 0.0 20 Aug
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 26.2 +1.5 41.5 8 Nov 15.8 +0.4 4.7 16 Jul 861.6 1434.1 v low 60%
Grafton Airport AWS 27.3 +1.5 41.3 13 Feb 12.8 0.0 -1.5 31 May 379.8 1112.8 v low 34%
Grafton Research Stn 27.9 +2.0 43.2 13 Feb     1.1 31 May 300.8 980.5 lowest 31%
Lismore Airport AWS 27.6 +1.6 41.8 13 Feb     -1.0 20 Aug
Yamba Pilot Station 25.1 +1.7 38.3 8 Nov 16.5 +1.0 6.8 31 May 808.0 1457.8 v low 55%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 24.9   39.9 13 Feb 14.4   0.8 15 Jul 901.7
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 21.4 +1.4 35.2 19 Jan 10.4 +0.4 -2.0 31 May 923.6 1866.9 v low 49%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 23.4 +0.5 36.0 12 Feb 14.9 +0.5 1.0 29 May 647.6 1222.0 lowest 53%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 25.3 +1.5 39.7 12 Feb 12.2 -0.6 -3.5 31 May 514.0 1371.3 lowest 37%
Taree Airport AWS 25.4 +1.3 39.0 31 Dec 12.2 -0.5 -0.6 31 May 457.5 1092.3 v low 42%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 26.8 +2.5 41.1 19 Jan 12.4 +0.6 0.8 21 Jul 1532.4 1760.5 average 87%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 26.6 +2.4 43.6 21 Dec 10.9 +0.3 -4.6 15 Aug 384.4 720.5 lowest 53%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 24.8 +0.9 43.0 31 Dec 11.3 -0.1 -0.8 7 Aug 763.4 1011.2 low 75%
Gosford AWS 24.0   43.0 31 Dec 13.1   1.8 16 Aug 1087.2
Maitland Airport AWS 26.6   44.2 21 Dec 11.9   -0.3 16 Aug 452.0
Merriwa (Roscommon) 26.1 +2.0 43.7 21 Dec 10.0 +0.9 -5.8 22 Jun
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 23.6 +0.7 34.7 12 Feb     6.7 6 Nov 967.1 1339.0 low 72%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 23.2 +1.4 39.5 19 Dec 15.5 +1.2 5.5 14 Aug 680.0 1118.0 v low 61%
Norah Head AWS 23.7 +1.4 39.5 5 Jan 15.5 +0.3 6.7 15 Aug
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 26.4 +2.2 45.0 21 Dec 12.4 +0.3 -0.3 14 Aug 579.4 930.7 v low 62%
Scone Airport AWS 27.3 +2.8 45.3 21 Dec 11.2 +1.1 -4.0 22 Jun 281.2 591.6 lowest 48%
Singleton Defence AWS 26.7   43.9 26 Jan 13.3   0.9 20 Jun 344.4
Williamtown RAAF 25.3 +2.1 42.1 31 Dec 13.0 +0.6 0.7 16 Aug 729.4 1118.0 v low 65%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Mudgee Airport AWS 25.1 +2.4 42.7 21 Dec 8.7 +0.5 -6.8 21 Jun 364.2 650.2 v low 56%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 22.7 +2.8 40.3 21 Dec 7.2 +0.4 -6.1 6 Aug 462.8 635.2 low 73%
Bathurst Airport AWS 22.6 +2.2 40.9 21 Dec 7.2 +0.3 -6.5 22 Jun 457.0 598.1 low 76%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 20.1 +1.5 38.2 21 Dec 6.6 -0.4 -6.7 14 Aug 466.2 780.5 lowest 60%
Marrangaroo (Defence) 20.4   39.5 21 Dec 5.2   -8.5 14 Aug 455.0
Mount Boyce AWS 19.0 +1.9 37.5 21 Dec 8.7 +0.7 -3.0 21 Jun 709.8 960.6 low 74%
Orange Airport AWS 20.3 +1.9 38.9 21 Dec 6.7 +0.5 -5.2 20 Jun
Springwood (Valley Heights) 23.8 +1.3 43.5 31 Dec 12.4 +0.3 2.8 13 Aug 597.7 1078.2 v low 55%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.9 +2.2 42.0 16 Jan 9.0 +1.6 -6.0 22 Jun 293.7 742.7 lowest 40%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 24.7 +1.9 40.5 21 Dec 12.8 +1.2 0.2 22 Jun 323.4 644.3 v low 50%
Dunedoo Post Office 26.8 +2.8 43.8 21 Dec 10.7 +1.0 -5.0 22 Jun 286.6 609.4 lowest 47%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 25.2 +1.4 45.3 21 Dec 9.7 +1.0 -3.8 6 Aug 265.6 509.4 v low 52%
Dubbo Airport AWS 27.2 +2.6 44.9 21 Dec 11.3 +1.1 -4.6 21 Jun 211.2 552.8 lowest 38%
Forbes Airport AWS 26.2 +1.7 46.3 21 Dec 10.4 +0.8 -4.5 6 Aug 236.0 479.9 v low 49%
Parkes Airport AWS 25.8 +1.9 45.6 21 Dec 9.7 +0.5 -4.5 6 Aug 229.8 622.2 lowest 37%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 26.6 +2.2 44.4 21 Dec     -4.3 6 Aug 304.2 613.2 v low 50%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 25.2 +1.9 44.9 31 Dec 12.6 +0.5 0.5 24 Aug 601.8 862.8 low 70%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 24.1 +1.0 42.3 31 Dec 12.4 0.0 1.1 24 Aug 695.4 954.7 v low 73%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 24.6   44.5 31 Dec 12.0   0.0 24 Aug 575.8
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 24.0 +2.2 39.6 31 Jan 15.1 +1.3 6.1 20 Jun 851.8 1213.4 low 70%
Sydney Airport AMO 24.5 +2.2 42.4 19 Dec 14.9 +1.4 5.9 20 Jun 749.6 1077.4 low 70%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 21.9 +0.6 36.2 31 Jan 15.8 +0.1 7.7 19 Jul
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 25.0   44.4 31 Dec 13.0   1.9 19 Jul
Terrey Hills AWS 22.7 +0.8 41.8 31 Dec 13.5 +0.2 3.1 14 Jul 949.2 1077.1 low 88%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 25.2 +1.4 44.4 31 Dec 12.2 +0.1 0.7 15 Aug 562.8 748.4 low 75%
Richmond RAAF 26.1 +1.8 45.0 31 Dec 11.3 +0.2 -3.3 15 Aug 514.4 719.1 v low 72%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Shellharbour Airport) 23.6 +1.0 43.4 19 Dec 11.8 +0.2 -1.1 24 Aug 596.0 893.0 v low 67%
Bellambi AWS 21.9 +0.5 36.0 19 Dec 14.7 0.0 6.5 21 Jun 835.2 1107.8 low 75%
Camden Airport AWS 25.7 +1.9 44.0 31 Dec 10.5 +0.3 -2.8 24 Aug
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 25.5 +1.5 43.1 31 Dec 10.8 +0.1 -1.2 16 Aug 401.4 692.0 v low 58%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 20.2   40.7 21 Dec 9.7   -2.0 21 Jun 380.0
Holsworthy Defence AWS 24.5   43.6 31 Dec 11.8   1.7 15 Aug
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 21.3 +0.6 36.1 19 Dec 14.7 +0.4 7.3 17 Sep 783.4 1212.6 v low 65%
Jervis Bay NSW (Jervis Bay Airfield AWS) 21.6   38.3 31 Jan 13.1   2.8 1 Jul 831.0
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 22.1 +0.7 36.5 12 Feb 14.9 +0.3 7.1 1 Jul 646.0 1037.9 v low 62%
Moss Vale AWS 20.5 +1.5 41.1 21 Dec 8.7 +0.5 -3.8 14 Aug 389.8 679.1 v low 57%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 23.7 +1.3 45.6 21 Dec 11.9 +0.3 1.7 29 Jul 577.4 871.9 v low 66%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 23.1 +1.2 40.3 21 Nov 8.7 -0.2 -4.7 24 Aug
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 21.1 +1.8 40.4 21 Dec 6.5 +0.4 -8.2 23 Aug 416.4 626.3 lowest 66%
Green Cape AWS 20.0 +0.2 31.0 12 Feb 13.4 0.0 6.6 13 Jul 447.4 611.7 low 73%
Merimbula Airport AWS 21.4 +0.6 34.9 19 Dec 10.0 +0.1 -1.3 24 Aug 425.0 727.7 v low 58%
Moruya Airport AWS 21.9 +0.5 38.4 31 Dec 10.0 -0.1 -2.0 1 Jul 492.4 786.1 v low 63%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 21.0 +0.5 35.8 31 Jan 12.3 +1.0 3.0 21 Jun 513.2 950.0 v low 54%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 21.0 +0.9 34.5 25 Oct 12.4 +0.3 2.7 24 Aug 583.7 913.3 v low 64%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 20.7 +2.2 39.5 25 Jan 5.1 +0.2 -7.0 24 Aug 385.0 645.3 v low 60%
Bombala AWS 19.1 +1.2 38.9 25 Jan 5.2 0.0 -6.0 6 Aug 425.8 554.8 low 77%
Canberra Airport 22.6 +1.4 41.6 16 Jan 7.1 +0.4 -5.2 23 Aug 358.6 583.2 v low 61%
Cooma Airport AWS 19.7 +1.5 37.9 16 Jan 4.3 +0.3 -10.3 23 Aug 318.6 528.1 lowest 60%
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.6 +1.8 42.1 21 Dec 6.4 +0.3 -7.6 23 Aug 350.4 534.8 v low 66%
Goulburn TAFE 21.3 +1.5 41.4 21 Dec 8.3 +0.7 -4.3 20 Jun 481.4 618.0 low 78%
Mount Ginini AWS 12.8 +1.0 32.2 16 Jan 3.9 +0.4 -6.7 10 Aug 692.4 1018.6 v low 68%
Taralga Post Office 20.6 +2.3 39.5 22 Dec 6.4 +0.3 -7.0 11 Aug 538.1 801.4 v low 67%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 22.3 +1.4 40.8 17 Jan 7.2 +0.2 -5.9 24 Aug 350.2 607.1 v low 58%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 11.9   30.1 16 Jan 1.5   -12.0 20 Jun 1627.2
Thredbo AWS 9.4 +1.1 27.2 16 Jan 1.7 +0.8 -10.0 20 Jun 1138.4 1406.0 low 81%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 23.6 +1.1 45.3 16 Jan 9.4 +0.2 -2.3 24 Jun 411.4 605.7 low 68%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 13.3 +0.7 32.3 16 Jan 5.6 +0.5 -5.3 10 Sep
Hume Reservoir 23.1 +1.5 44.0 25 Jan 10.8 +0.8 -1.0 23 Jun 397.5 690.5 v low 58%
Khancoban AWS 22.0 +0.6 41.6 16 Jan 7.2 -0.1 -3.8 23 Jun 797.6 913.5 low 87%
Tumbarumba Post Office 21.5 +1.8 40.8 16 Jan 6.0 +0.4 -5.9 22 Jun 722.2 973.7 low 74%
Wagga Wagga AMO 24.1 +1.9 45.2 17 Jan 9.9 +0.8 -3.6 23 Jun
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 23.2 +2.5 43.1 17 Jan     -4.0 6 Aug 507.3 922.7 v low 55%
Cootamundra Airport 23.5 +1.1 43.6 17 Jan 8.2 +0.5 -4.8 23 Jun 382.6 575.8 low 66%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd)     44.0 21 Dec 9.1 -0.3 -3.8 22 Jun 285.2 619.5 v low 46%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 24.0 +1.3 43.0 17 Jan     -3.5 23 Jun 380.0 600.4 low 63%
Temora Airport 24.7 +1.0 44.8 17 Jan 9.1 +0.4 -5.3 26 Aug 310.0 454.9 v low 68%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Deniliquin Airport AWS 24.7 +1.0 47.2 25 Jan 9.8 +0.2 -2.1 24 Jun 228.4 358.2 low 64%
Kapooka (Defence) 24.6   45.5 17 Jan 9.9   -3.7 26 Aug 300.2
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 25.6 +1.5 46.4 16 Jan 10.8 +0.6 -3.0 22 Jun 268.2 395.2 low 68%
Hay Airport AWS 25.8 +0.6 47.7 25 Jan 10.9 +0.6 -2.7 23 Jun 195.2 332.2 low 59%
Hillston Airport 26.4 +2.0 47.0 16 Jan 11.7 +0.8 -3.0 23 Jun 197.9 368.9 v low 54%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 26.4 +1.3 47.7 17 Jan 12.9 +1.9 -1.4 20 Jun 200.4 416.7 v low 48%
Note: From 2017, information about Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 2 pm on Monday 6 January 2020. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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