New South Wales in 2018: warmest year on record, very dry

2018 was the warmest on record for New South Wales for both mean temperature and mean maximum temperature, whilst the mean minimum temperature was fourth-warmest on record. The year was dominated by very dry conditions, with the third-driest January to September on record. October to December saw some relief from the dry, with above average rainfall across parts of the State. Despite this, New South Wales experienced its sixth-lowest annual rainfall on record; its driest year since 2002.

The Australian annual climate statement provides a comprehensive summary of Australia's climate during 2018. Information about changes and long-term trends in Australia's climate can be found in State of the Climate 2018.

Sixth-driest year on record

  • A very dry year for New South Wales as a whole; 40% below average, the sixth-driest year on record and the driest since 2002
  • It was particularly dry during autumn and winter with May rainfall eighth-lowest on record, and July fifth-lowest (for more details see Special Climate Statement An abnormally dry period in eastern Australia)
  • October and November were the only months of 2018 where the State's total rainfall was above the monthly average
  • In October, the heaviest rainfall was focussed along the northern two thirds of the east coast, while November was mostly in the south and central regions
  • Despite the low total rainfall, surface troughs and low pressure systems resulted in locally heavy falls throughout the year and a few sites even had their wettest day on record
  • Below average rainfall for the year resulted in more than two-thirds of the State ranking in the driest 10% of historical observations (decile 1) and multiple sites had their lowest total rainfall on record

Warmest year on record

Further information

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Extremes in 2018
Hottest day 47.3 °C at Penrith Lakes AWS on 7 Jan & at Bourke Airport AWS on 20 Dec
Warmest days on average 29.9 °C at Wanaaring Post Office
Coolest days on average 11.4 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Coldest day -4.7 °C at Thredbo AWS on 19 Aug
Coldest night -14.2 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on 29 Aug
Coolest nights on average 1.1 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 17.2 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Warmest night 33.1 °C at Wanaaring (Delta AWS) on 7 Jan
Warmest on average overall 22.4 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Coolest on average overall 6.2 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Wettest overall 2721.4 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview)
Driest overall 36.2 mm at Packsaddle (Westwood Downs)
Wettest day 280.0 mm at Nymboida (Sutton St) on 17 Dec
Strongest wind gust 141 km/h at Thredbo AWS on 8 Jun

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Nymboida (Sutton St) 280.0 on 17 Dec 273.1 on 25 Mar 1946 102
Mitchell (Exhibition Park) 107.2 on 26 Feb 102.6 on 5 Feb 2002 48
Forbes River (Birdwood) 225.4 on 23 Mar 164.0 on 4 Jun 2008 32



Record lowest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Bingara (Pallal) 363.4 369.3 in 1918 117 725.2
Weabonga (Stoneleigh) 478.8 484.7 in 1918 90 813.1
Dundee (Wattle Dale) 549.7 584.4 in 2002 58 928.1
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 398.7 418.3 in 1982 58 779.3
Loomberah (Pendene) 358.8 428.5 in 1965 53 741.2
Alectown (Vanvilla) 260.4 313.9 in 1967 50 606.0
Manilla (Fern Hill) 361.8 399.0 in 1980 37 628.6
Guyra Hospital 598.2 639.7 in 1982 34 913.2
Belrose (Evelyn Place) 916.0 919.9 in 1993 25 1268.4
Hay (Bedarbidgal) 155.8 185.0 in 2002 24 377.7
Scone Airport AWS 341.6 362.4 in 2006 24 604.5
Collaroy (Long Reef Golf Club) 828.2 829.2 in 1970 23 1192.6
Cobar Airport AWS 133.6 176.8 in 2002 21 337.1
Deniliquin Airport AWS 176.0 185.0 in 2002 21 364.4

Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Annual
average
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 336.9 321.2 in 1940* 746.1
Collarenebri (Albert St) 224.1 217.2 in 1944* 496.9
Ebor (Wongwibinda) 612.0 481.2 in 1960* 906.2
Croppa Creek (Krui Plains) 339.7 274.2 in 1965* 581.3
Inverell Research Centre 505.8 413.4 in 1965* 798.4
Pooncarie Mail Agency 123.7 71.8 in 1967* 268.0
Lucas Heights (ANSTO) 575.5 556.3 in 1979* 1005.1
Balranald (RSL) 190.1 129.3 in 1982 324.0
Cobar MO 136.8 101.6 in 1982 392.3
Cooma Visitors Centre 293.6 291.8 in 1982* 542.5
Wanaaring Post Office 95.0 45.0 in 1982* 280.4
Ivanhoe (Baden Park) 107.0 73.9 in 1902* 288.7
Narrandera Airport AWS 261.8 212.2 in 1982* 433.6
Snowball 588.0 435.2 in 1982* 910.5
Adaminaby Alpine Tourist Park 497.4 301.8 in 1982* 689.3
Bulga (Down Town) 397.2 336.3 in 1980* 682.4
Tumut (Simpson Street) 487.7 377.8 in 1982* 813.6
Berrima West (Medway (Wombat Creek)) 521.0 433.3 in 1982* 772.4
Nowendoc (Green Hills) 739.0 607.2 in 1980* 1070.6
Tamworth Airport AWS 378.6 248.8 in 1994 631.9
Glen Morrison (Millbank) 633.2 349.7 in 1982* 847.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Prospect Reservoir 45.3 on 7 Jan 45.1 on 18 Jan 2013 54 23.3
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 44.9 on 7 Jan 44.6 on 18 Jan 2013 24 23.1
Penrith Lakes AWS 47.3 on 7 Jan 46.9 on 11 Feb 2017 24 24.6
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 45.6 on 7 Jan 44.9 on 18 Jan 2013 22 23.8



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hillston Airport 26.6 26.5 in 1914 83 24.4
Brewarrina Hospital 29.4 29.3 in 2017 82 27.7
Lake Victoria Storage 25.5 = 25.5 in 2009 79 23.8
Trangie Research Station AWS 27.2 27.0 in 2017 71 24.7
Gunnedah Resource Centre 26.8 26.4 in 2002 64 24.6
Inverell Research Centre 24.9 24.7 in 2009 58 22.8
Dunedoo Post Office 25.9 25.8 in 2017 57 24.0
Cobar MO 27.6 27.3 in 2017 55 25.3
Bankstown Airport AWS 24.9 = 24.9 in 2016 48 23.3
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.5 = 24.5 in 2017 48 23.4
Tumbarumba Post Office 21.4 21.2 in 2006 46 19.7
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 22.3 22.0 in 1980 44 20.6
Gulgong Post Office 25.0 24.9 in 2006 42 23.2
Camden Airport AWS 25.1 = 25.1 in 1980 39 23.7
Goulburn TAFE 20.9 = 20.9 in 2002 37 19.7
Griffith Airport AWS 25.8 25.5 in 2017 34 24.1
Guyra Hospital 19.0 = 19.0 in 2002 29 17.7
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 20.3 20.2 in 2006 26 19.3
Cooma Airport AWS 19.1 = 19.1 in 2006 26 18.1
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.2 20.9 in 2006 26 19.7
Mount Boyce AWS 18.4 18.3 in 2017 26 17.0
Mudgee Airport AWS 24.1 = 24.1 in 2017 26 22.6
Scone Airport AWS 26.4 26.1 in 2017 26 24.4
Young Airport 23.6 = 23.6 in 2006 26 22.2
Cessnock Airport AWS 25.5 = 25.5 in 2017 25 24.2
Dubbo Airport AWS 26.4 26.1 in 2017 25 24.5
Tamworth Airport AWS 26.8 26.2 in 2014 25 24.9
Albury Airport AWS 23.8 23.7 in 2006 24 22.4
Cobar Airport AWS 27.5 27.3 in 2017 24 26.0
Richmond RAAF 25.9 25.6 in 2017 24 24.2
Walgett Airport AWS 29.3 29.2 in 2017 24 27.7
Wanaaring Post Office 29.9 29.8 in 2013 24 28.1
Condobolin Airport AWS 26.7 26.2 in 2014 23 24.8
Forbes Airport AWS 25.8 = 25.8 in 2006 22 24.4
Inverell (Raglan St) 25.5 25.2 in 2014 22 24.1
Moree Aero 28.5 28.2 in 2017 22 26.8
Penrith Lakes AWS 26.1 25.7 in 2017 22 24.6
Armidale Airport AWS 20.6 = 20.6 in 2002 21 19.5
Narrandera Airport AWS 25.6 25.3 in 2014 21 23.7
Orange Airport AWS 19.7 = 19.7 in 2017 21 18.4
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 21.8 21.7 in 2006 21 20.8
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 21.6 21.3 in 2014 20 20.3
Deniliquin Airport AWS 25.0 24.6 in 2014 20 23.6
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 24.8 24.7 in 2017 20 23.8
Parkes Airport AWS 25.4 25.2 in 2006 20 23.8
Tibooburra Airport 29.2 = 29.2 in 2013 20 28.0

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.5 26.2 in 1897* 23.7
Wellington (D&J Rural) 26.3 26.7 in 1922* 24.4
Lake Cargelligo Airport 26.4 26.5 in 1920* 25.1
Corowa Airport 24.2 24.6 in 1940* 22.6
Cooma Visitors Centre 20.5 =20.5 in 1982* 19.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hume Reservoir 28.4 on 29 Dec 28.2 on 6 Feb 1973 54 10.0
Griffith Airport AWS 30.1 on 29 Dec 30.0 on 8 Jan 2013 47 10.2
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 22.0 on 28 Jan = 22.0 on 14 Dec 2016 38 12.0
Batemans Bay (Catalina Country Club) 23.1 on 13 Jan = 23.1 on 30 Dec 2016 28 10.0
Ulladulla AWS 23.1 on 13 Apr 22.9 on 8 Feb 1998 28 13.2
Wanaaring Post Office 32.6 on 7 Jan 32.4 on 18 Jan 2017 28 13.0
Bourke Airport AWS 32.2 on 7 Jan 32.1 on 4 Feb 2006 20 13.5



Record lowest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Orange Agricultural Institute -5.8 on 15 Jul -5.6 on 13 Jul 2000 43 7.2
Bathurst Airport AWS -8.1 on 15 Jul -7.7 on 22 Jul 2017 28 6.8
Cooma Airport AWS -11.0 on 30 Aug = -11.0 on 16 Jun 1992 28 4.0
Wanaaring Post Office -4.3 on 15 Jul -3.9 on 14 Jul 1997 28 13.0
Dubbo Airport AWS -6.0 on 15 Jul -5.4 on 2 Jul 2002 26 10.2
Mangrove Mountain AWS -0.8 on 30 Aug -0.5 on 26 Jun 2016 25 11.7
Canterbury Racecourse AWS -1.6 on 16 Jul = -1.6 on 3 Jul 2002 24 12.4
Penrith Lakes AWS -1.8 on 16 Jul -1.4 on 12 Jul 2002 24 12.4
Coonamble Airport AWS -3.9 on 15 Jul = -3.9 on 16 Jul 2007 22 11.7
Parkes Airport AWS -6.6 on 15 Jul -6.0 on 4 Aug 1999 22 9.2
Newcastle University 1.0 on 22 Jul 1.2 on 12 Jul 2002 21 13.5



Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Scone Airport AWS 10.9 11.0 in 1998 10.0



Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 17.0 = 17.0 in 1980 134 15.5
Trangie Research Station AWS 19.8 19.5 in 2009 71 17.7
Gunnedah Resource Centre 20.0 19.8 in 2014 64 18.4
Inverell Research Centre 17.8 = 17.8 in 2014 58 16.6
Dunedoo Post Office 18.4 18.2 in 2017 56 16.8
Cobar MO 20.7 20.4 in 2014 55 19.1
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 14.3 14.1 in 2014 44 13.1
Broken Hill Airport AWS 19.2 19.1 in 2013 28 18.2
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 13.5 = 13.5 in 2016 26 12.7
Mount Boyce AWS 13.4 = 13.4 in 2017 26 12.5
Mudgee Airport AWS 16.4 = 16.4 in 2017 26 15.4
Scone Airport AWS 18.6 18.4 in 2017 26 17.2
Dubbo Airport AWS 18.6 18.3 in 2009 25 17.4
Tamworth Airport AWS 18.5 18.4 in 2014 25 17.3
Richmond RAAF 18.6 = 18.6 in 2017 23 17.7
Condobolin Airport AWS 18.8 = 18.8 in 2009 22 17.5
Moree Aero 20.9 = 20.9 in 2014 22 19.7
Penrith Lakes AWS 19.3 = 19.3 in 2017 22 18.5
Glen Innes Airport AWS 13.8 = 13.8 in 2014 21 13.2
Orange Airport AWS 13.1 13.0 in 2017 21 12.3
Parkes Airport AWS 17.5 17.3 in 2009 20 16.5

Highest annual mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Wellington (D&J Rural) 18.2 18.8 in 1919* 16.9
Bathurst Agricultural Station 14.5 14.9 in 1919* 13.3
Hillston Airport 19.1 19.7 in 1914* 17.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for 2018
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2018
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2018
Mean
for
2018
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2018
Total
for
2018
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2018
Fraction
of annual
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 27.8 +1.0 45.2 6 Jan 13.0 0.0 -3.6 15 Jul 48.2 240.5 v low 20%
Smithville AWS 29.2   46.7 19 Dec 13.5   -3.6 19 Jun 44.6
Tibooburra Airport 29.2 +1.2 46.4 19 Dec 15.6 +0.6 1.4 19 Jun 100.6 184.4 v low 55%
White Cliffs AWS 28.5 +1.1 45.8 19 Dec 14.8 +0.5 -0.9 11 Jul 72.2 268.5 v low 27%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 28.2 +0.9 46.4 22 Jan 12.3 +0.2 -3.4 15 Jul 87.0 267.0 v low 33%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 26.0 +1.4 44.3 21 Jan 12.3 +0.6 -2.5 19 Jun 96.4 250.8 v low 38%
Lake Victoria Storage 25.5 +1.7 45.5 6 Jan 11.0 +0.2 -2.0 23 Jun 166.1 261.0 low 64%
Menindee Post Office 27.7 +1.7 46.5 6 Jan 12.4 +1.0 -3.0 16 Jul 138.0 244.3 low 56%
Mulurulu AWS 26.4   45.5 20 Jan 11.5   -4.0 14 Jul 114.4
Pooncarie Mail Agency 27.2 +0.7 46.7 20 Jan 11.8 +0.4 -3.7 14 Jul 123.7 268.0 v low 46%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 29.5 +1.2 47.3 20 Dec 13.9 +0.4 -2.8 15 Jul 205.0 300.0 low 68%
Brewarrina Hospital 29.4 +1.7 45.0 20 Dec     -1.8 15 Jul 197.1 411.7 v low 48%
Cobar Airport AWS 27.5 +1.5 45.8 20 Dec 11.8 +0.1 -4.1 14 Jul 133.6 337.1 lowest 40%
Cobar MO 27.6 +2.3 45.6 20 Dec 13.8 +1.0 -0.1 15 Jul 136.8 392.3 v low 35%
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 29.1 +1.0 43.4 20 Dec     -2.7 15 Jul 249.7 467.4 low 53%
Noona AWS 27.6   45.4 12 Jan 14.0   -0.6 15 Jul 141.4
Wanaaring (Delta AWS) 29.2   47.1 20 Dec 13.5   -4.3 15 Jul 170.2
Wanaaring Post Office 29.9 +1.8 46.6 20 Dec 13.2 +0.2 -4.3 15 Jul 95.0 280.4 v low 34%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 25.7 +1.3 44.9 20 Jan 10.8 +0.8 -2.4 23 Jun 190.1 324.0 v low 59%
Euabalong (Mount Hope AWS) 26.5   45.9 7 Jan 10.3   -4.7 25 Jun 261.6
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 27.1 +1.0 46.1 7 Jan 12.8 +0.4 -0.3 14 Jul 176.4 236.5 low 75%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Airport AWS 26.7 +1.9 45.8 7 Jan 10.9 +0.7 -4.5 15 Jul
West Wyalong Airport AWS 25.4 +1.3 45.5 7 Jan 10.5 +0.6 -4.3 23 Jul 243.6 442.7 low 55%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 27.9 +1.5 43.3 10 Feb 12.7 +1.0 -3.9 15 Jul 310.8 533.9 low 58%
Nyngan (Girilambone (Okeh) AWS) 28.1   46.6 20 Dec 13.5   -2.6 16 Jul
Trangie Research Station AWS 27.2 +2.5 44.6 20 Dec 12.3 +1.5 -3.3 15 Jul 263.0 495.4 low 53%
Walgett (Brewon AWS) 28.9   44.8 20 Dec 12.9   -3.9 15 Jul 244.6
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Walgett Airport AWS 29.3 +1.6 44.2 10 Feb 12.4 +0.4 -4.9 16 Jul 194.6 425.9 v low 46%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 28.5 +1.7 43.0 6 Nov 13.4 +0.9 -1.8 14 Jul 428.4 576.3 v low 74%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Narrabri Airport AWS 28.2 +1.4 42.6 6 Nov 12.5 +0.4 -4.4 14 Jul 376.4 560.2 v low 67%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 27.6 +1.4 41.3 8 Jan 10.6 +0.4 -6.6 15 Jul 378.6 545.8 low 69%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 26.8 +2.2 40.7 8 Jan 13.1 +0.9 -1.7 14 Jul 387.8 632.9 v low 61%
Tamworth Airport AWS 26.8 +1.9 40.9 8 Jan 10.2 +0.4 -5.7 16 Jul 378.6 631.9 v low 60%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 22.3 +1.7 36.5 22 Jan 6.4 +0.8 -9.5 16 Jul 398.7 779.3 lowest 51%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 21.6 +1.3 34.2 8 Jan 6.1 -0.1 -10.1 15 Jul 552.6 745.2 v low 74%
Armidale Airport AWS 20.6 +1.1 34.0 7 Jan 7.7 +0.2 -5.1 13 Aug 638.4 763.2 low 84%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 21.4 +1.1 34.6 14 Feb 6.1 +0.1 -9.7 16 Jul 633.4 889.4 v low 71%
Guyra Hospital 19.0 +1.3 31.1 15 Feb 6.9 +0.3 -5.0 21 Jul 598.2 913.2 lowest 66%
Inverell (Raglan St) 25.5 +1.4 37.9 13 Feb     -5.2 15 Jul 504.6 791.8 lowest 64%
Inverell Research Centre 24.9 +2.1 37.7 13 Feb 10.6 +0.3 -4.3 15 Jul 505.8 798.4 v low 63%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 21.9 +0.5 35.0 11 Feb 7.2 -0.8 -7.8 15 Jul 544.1 848.5 v low 64%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 23.3 +1.0 36.2 21 Dec 13.0 +0.4 2.6 14 Jul 993.8 1262.3 low 79%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 24.8 +0.2 34.2 21 Dec 14.7 +0.3 1.7 21 Aug 1649.2 1832.6 low 90%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 23.9 +0.3 32.7 27 Jan 17.2 +0.2 9.0 20 Aug
Casino Airport AWS 27.1 +1.0 42.0 21 Dec 12.6 -0.8 -0.8 15 Aug 938.0 1032.7 average 91%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 25.3 +0.7 40.7 13 Jan 15.6 +0.2 4.4 21 Aug
Grafton Airport AWS 26.1 +0.3 40.3 2 Dec 12.6 -0.2 -2.8 21 Aug
Grafton Research Stn 26.6 +0.8 41.0 2 Dec 13.8 +0.3 0.1 21 Aug 845.4 992.0 average 85%
Lismore Airport AWS 26.4 +0.4 40.6 21 Dec 12.5 -0.4 -0.7 21 Aug 949.8 1226.4 v low 77%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 26.2 +0.4 37.7 13 Jan 14.6 +0.1 0.3 22 Aug 1172.5 1591.7 low 74%
Yamba Pilot Station 24.5 +1.1 34.0 21 Nov 16.1 +0.6 5.7 21 Aug 1309.6 1462.5 average 90%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 24.4   38.0 13 Jan 14.4   0.2 21 Aug 1364.4
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 20.5 +0.5 34.0 14 Feb 10.2 +0.2 -2.0 15 Jul 1713.2 1922.4 average 89%
Kempsey Airport AWS 25.3 +0.3 38.7 2 Dec 11.5 -0.2 -4.2 21 Aug 871.8 1111.3 low 78%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 23.0 +0.1 37.3 2 Dec 14.3 -0.1 3.5 8 Aug 1479.6 1226.8 high 121%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.3 +0.5 35.3 2 Dec 12.6 -0.2 -2.4 21 Aug 1089.8 1412.1 low 77%
Taree Airport AWS 24.3 +0.2 37.5 2 Dec 12.5 -0.2 -2.0 21 Aug 1041.1 1127.5 average 92%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 25.1 +0.8 39.8 7 Jan 12.3 +0.5 -3.8 15 Jul 2721.4 1764.3 v high 154%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 25.5 +1.3 43.7 7 Jan 10.7 +0.1 -4.9 15 Jul 605.4 733.9 low 82%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 24.2   43.4 7 Jan 11.3   -3.4 16 Jul 859.8
Gosford AWS 23.3   43.7 7 Jan 13.1   0.9 22 Jul
Maitland Airport AWS 25.3   43.2 7 Jan 11.9   -2.7 22 Jul 761.0
Mangrove Mountain AWS 23.2 +1.4 44.0 7 Jan 11.5 -0.2 -0.8 30 Aug 981.0 1103.8 average 89%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 25.3 +1.4 41.7 7 Jan 9.4 +0.3 -5.5 16 Jul 476.8 600.0 low 79%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 21.9 +1.2 37.3 7 Jan 11.2 +0.4 1.1 8 Jul 424.6 718.0 v low 59%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 22.8 -0.1 34.7 11 Feb 15.5 +1.1 6.7 15 Jul 1159.6 1342.0 average 86%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 22.4 +0.6 41.4 7 Jan 15.4 +1.1 4.6 22 Jul 968.0 1121.0 average 86%
Norah Head AWS 23.2 +0.9 37.1 18 Mar 15.4 +0.2 5.1 15 Jul 1175.4 1153.5 average 102%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 25.1 +1.0 43.6 7 Jan 12.5 +0.4 -0.9 15 Jul
Scone Airport AWS 26.4 +2.0 42.6 7 Jan 10.9 +0.9 -4.3 15 Jul 341.6 604.5 lowest 57%
Singleton (Defence) 25.7   43.7 7 Jan 13.0   0.6 16 Jul 442.4
Singleton STP 26.3 +1.2 44.1 7 Jan     -1.7 22 Jul 419.2 655.1 v low 64%
Williamtown RAAF 24.4 +1.2 43.7 7 Jan 13.0 +0.6 -0.9 16 Jul 1046.0 1123.8 average 93%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 25.0 +1.8 40.7 7 Jan 10.5 +0.9 -5.5 15 Jul 461.4 650.5 low 71%
Mudgee Airport AWS 24.1 +1.5 40.5 7 Jan 8.7 +0.5 -7.4 15 Jul
Nullo Mountain AWS 17.9 +1.2 34.5 7 Jan     -2.3 20 Aug 693.8 943.6 low 74%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 21.9 +2.0 38.7 7 Jan 7.2 +0.4 -7.5 15 Jul 507.6 636.8 low 80%
Bathurst Airport AWS 21.8 +1.5 38.8 7 Jan 7.2 +0.4 -8.1 15 Jul 518.8 603.9 low 86%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 19.5 +1.0 36.9 7 Jan 6.7 -0.3 -9.3 15 Jul 696.4 784.0 average 89%
Marrangaroo (Defence) 19.6   36.7 7 Jan 5.2   -11.1 15 Jul 702.0
Mount Boyce AWS 18.4 +1.4 37.0 7 Jan 8.4 +0.4 -2.6 15 Jul 930.0 971.1 average 96%
Orange Airport AWS 19.7 +1.3 37.0 7 Jan 6.4 +0.3 -7.2 15 Jul 589.6 881.9 v low 67%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 23.3 +0.9 43.2 7 Jan 12.2 +0.2 1.6 15 Jul 764.2 1082.1 low 71%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.5 +1.8 39.7 7 Jan 8.5 +1.1 -7.5 16 Jul 336.9 746.1 v low 45%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 24.2 +1.4 38.6 8 Jan 12.1 +0.5 1.1 20 Aug 366.6 664.4 v low 55%
Dunedoo Post Office 25.9 +1.9 42.6 7 Jan 10.8 +1.1 -5.6 15 Jul 455.5 612.4 low 74%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 24.9 +1.2 42.6 7 Jan 9.1 +0.4 -5.8 15 Jul 359.2 531.6 low 68%
Dubbo Airport AWS 26.4 +1.9 42.6 7 Jan 10.8 +0.6 -6.0 15 Jul 311.6 569.8 v low 55%
Forbes Airport AWS 25.8 +1.4 44.4 7 Jan 9.8 +0.2 -6.4 16 Jul 320.4 491.0 low 65%
Parkes Airport AWS 25.4 +1.6 43.2 7 Jan 9.6 +0.4 -6.6 15 Jul 328.4 636.2 v low 52%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 26.3 +1.9 41.8 7 Jan 10.1 +0.7 -5.5 14 Jul 412.4 615.6 low 67%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 24.9 +1.6 45.2 7 Jan 12.3 +0.3 -1.4 16 Jul 679.0 868.0 low 78%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 23.6 +0.5 44.9 7 Jan 12.4 0.0 -1.6 16 Jul
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 24.1   45.2 7 Jan 11.9   -1.8 16 Jul 556.6
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.5 +1.1 45.0 7 Jan 12.3 +0.1 0.0 16 Jul 722.3 967.1 low 75%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 23.4 +1.7 43.4 7 Jan 14.9 +1.1 4.6 16 Jul
Sydney Airport AMO 23.9 +1.6 43.7 7 Jan 14.8 +1.3 4.2 16 Jul 826.4 1080.8 low 76%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 21.3 0.0 38.2 18 Mar 15.8 +0.1 6.1 16 Jul
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 24.2   44.5 7 Jan 12.9   -0.9 16 Jul 855.0
Terrey Hills AWS 22.2 +0.3 42.7 7 Jan 13.3 0.0 1.3 16 Jul
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 24.8 +1.0 45.6 7 Jan 12.1 0.0 -1.7 16 Jul 603.8 757.3 low 80%
Penrith Lakes AWS 26.1 +1.5 47.3 7 Jan 12.4 0.0 -1.8 16 Jul 684.0 717.0 average 95%
Richmond RAAF 25.9 +1.7 46.3 7 Jan 11.3 +0.2 -4.3 15 Jul 524.2 728.4 v low 72%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 22.9 +0.3 41.3 7 Jan 11.5 -0.1 -1.7 23 Jul 637.2 909.6 v low 70%
Camden Airport AWS 25.1 +1.4 45.7 7 Jan 10.5 +0.3 -4.9 16 Jul 562.4 782.1 low 72%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 25.0 +1.0 45.1 7 Jan 10.8 +0.1 -3.7 16 Jul 529.6 721.1 low 73%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 19.3   39.2 7 Jan 9.3   -1.5 29 Aug 544.0
Holsworthy (Defence) 24.1   45.9 7 Jan 11.4   -0.4 23 Jul 932.6
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 20.9 +0.2 37.4 18 Mar 14.5 +0.2 6.5 25 Jun 1055.6 1243.2 low 85%
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 21.5 +0.2 39.5 18 Mar 14.7 +0.1 6.0 23 Jul 834.0
Moss Vale AWS 19.8 +0.9 39.6 7 Jan 8.4 +0.2 -5.4 22 Jul 619.8 701.4 average 88%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 23.2 +0.9 42.5 7 Jan 11.7 +0.2 0.7 23 Jul 751.2 891.5 low 84%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 22.6 +0.7 39.2 24 Feb 8.9 0.0 -3.8 11 Jul 574.8 621.8 average 92%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 20.3 +1.0 40.5 7 Jan 6.7 +0.6 -8.3 22 Jul 530.0 634.7 low 84%
Green Cape AWS 20.0 +0.3 37.4 18 Mar 13.4 0.0 5.6 28 Aug
Merimbula Airport AWS 21.4 +0.6 38.7 24 Feb 10.1 +0.2 -0.7 10 Aug 491.8 744.5 v low 66%
Montague Island Lighthouse 20.3 +0.8 36.6 18 Mar     6.5 29 Aug 627.2 874.4 low 72%
Moruya Airport AWS 21.8 +0.4 40.3 28 Dec 10.2 +0.1 -3.5 23 Jul 724.6 802.4 low 90%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 21.0 +0.6 37.8 18 Mar 12.2 +1.0 1.7 23 Jul 741.9 953.2 low 78%
Nerriga AWS 20.7   40.4 7 Jan 7.5   -6.4 15 Jul
Ulladulla AWS 21.0 +0.4 38.0 18 Mar 13.6 +0.4 4.6 23 Jul 885.4 1096.9 low 81%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 20.1 +1.6 37.0 7 Jan 5.4 +0.6 -7.7 11 Jul 494.6 647.3 low 76%
Canberra Airport 22.0   40.6 7 Jan 6.9   -7.4 23 Jul 472.0 605.7 low 78%
Cooma Airport AWS 19.1 +1.0 36.7 7 Jan 4.4 +0.4 -11.0 30 Aug
Cooma Visitors Centre 20.5 +1.1 38.2 7 Jan     -10.0 23 Jul 293.6 542.5 v low 54%
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.2 +1.5 39.9 7 Jan 6.1 0.0 -9.2 22 Jul 388.6 542.5 v low 72%
Goulburn TAFE 20.9 +1.2 40.0 7 Jan 8.1 +0.5 -5.0 23 Jul 485.2 621.3 low 78%
Mount Ginini AWS 12.2 +0.4 30.3 7 Jan 3.7 +0.2 -8.0 20 Aug 921.2 1041.9 low 88%
Taralga Post Office 19.9 +1.6 39.0 7 Jan 6.4 +0.3 -7.0 22 Jul 630.7 803.4 low 79%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 21.8 +1.0 39.4 7 Jan 7.0 0.0 -7.9 23 Jul 403.4 620.0 v low 65%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 11.4   27.6 20 Jan 1.1   -14.2 29 Aug
Thredbo Village     32.5 7 Jan 2.1 0.0 -10.5 22 Jul 1507.9 1762.5 low 86%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 23.8 +1.4 43.2 27 Dec 9.1 -0.1 -2.7 15 Jul 421.8 614.6 low 69%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 12.9 +0.3 30.2 7 Jan 5.4 +0.3 -6.4 20 Aug 1204.0 1179.3 average 102%
Hume Reservoir 23.3 +1.8 41.7 21 Jan 10.7 +0.7 -0.7 15 Jul 441.6 693.6 low 64%
Khancoban AWS 21.8 +0.5 40.1 7 Jan 7.0 -0.3 -3.9 23 Jul
Tumbarumba Post Office 21.4 +1.7 40.0 7 Jan 5.9 +0.3 -6.5 25 Jun 680.2 975.6 v low 70%
Wagga Wagga AMO 24.1 +1.9 44.1 7 Jan 9.8 +0.7 -3.9 29 Aug
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Cootamundra Airport 23.4 +1.0 42.1 7 Jan 7.9 +0.2 -7.0 30 Aug 417.1 585.0 low 71%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 24.1 +1.6 42.3 7 Jan 8.9 -0.6 -4.2 14 Jul 347.1 622.1 v low 56%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 23.9 +1.3 41.0 21 Jan 8.9 -0.2 -3.6 30 Aug 369.0 610.9 v low 60%
Temora Airport 24.7 +1.1 44.3 7 Jan 8.7 0.0 -6.8 29 Aug
Young Airport 23.6 +1.4 42.3 7 Jan 7.3 +0.2 -5.8 29 Aug 370.6 595.5 v low 62%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 24.2 +1.6 44.0 27 Dec     -4.9 29 Aug 338.3 542.7 v low 62%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 25.0 +1.4 44.3 27 Dec 9.7 +0.2 -4.1 11 Jul 176.0 364.4 lowest 48%
Kapooka (Defence) 24.4   44.5 7 Jan 9.5   -5.3 29 Aug 424.0
Narrandera Airport AWS 25.6 +1.9 45.4 7 Jan 10.5 +0.6 -4.7 29 Aug 261.8 433.6 v low 60%
Tocumwal Airport     43.5 27 Dec 9.7 +0.1 -3.1 29 Aug 255.5 448.6 low 57%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 25.8 +1.7 45.7 7 Jan 10.7 +0.5 -4.5 29 Aug 220.8 397.6 v low 56%
Hay Airport AWS 26.2 +1.1 45.4 21 Jan 10.6 +0.3 -4.7 11 Jul 162.0 344.7 v low 47%
Hillston Airport 26.6 +2.2 45.2 7 Jan 11.4 +0.5 -3.0 25 Jun 196.7 370.2 v low 53%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 26.4 +1.3 45.0 7 Jan     -2.9 15 Jul 212.8 418.4 v low 51%
Note: From 2017, information about Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The annual climate summary lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.
The Australian annual climate statement provides a comprehensive summary of Australia's climate during 2018. Information about changes and long-term trends in Australia's climate can be found in State of the Climate 2018.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Wednesday 9 January 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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