New South Wales in 2016: Wet in the west with record-warm nights

2016 was a generally wet, warm year for NSW as a whole, with substantial variability throughout the year and across the state. Following a record-warm start to the year, May to September was the wettest such period on record for NSW, with cooler weather in much of the west of the state. Minimum temperatures were the warmest on record for the State as a whole, with record-warm daytime temperatures on parts of the east coast.

A dry start but a wet winter

  • New South Wales recorded its wettest year since 2011, with statewide average rainfall 18.9% above average
  • Rain was well above average across most of inland and southern NSW, but below average on the northeast coast
  • Rainfall was below average between February and April, the seventh-driest such period on record for NSW
  • Wettest May to September on record, with statewide rainfall twice the historical average and record-breaking totals across much of NSW west of the Great Dividing Range
  • An East Coast Low on 4-6 June caused record-breaking daily falls on parts of the east coast, with 6 June the wettest day on record for the NSW coast
  • Heavy rain during winter and early spring caused widespread and prolonged flooding across much of inland NSW

Record-warm nights but some cool months

  • 2016 was the sixth-warmest year on record for NSW mean temperatures, 1.08 °C above the historical average
  • The statewide average minimum temperature was 1.24 °C above average, the warmest year on record
  • Minimum temperatures were the warmest on record over large parts of southeast NSW, and in the warmest 10% of years for almost all of the State
  • Maximum temperatures were above average across most of the state and well above average on the east coast, with record warm temperatures at some locations
  • The first six months of 2016 were the warmest on record for NSW, with a record warm autumn and a significant heatwave in March
  • Daytime temperatures cooled in inland regions during the second half of the year, associated with well above average rainfall, with spring average temperatures the coolest since 1993 and some low temperature records in late June
  • The year ended with the second-warmest December on record, with notable warmth on the coast
  • Sea surface temperatures in the Tasman Sea were well above average throughout 2016, and the warmest on record between March and June

Further information

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Extremes in 2016
Hottest day 46.0 °C at Hay Airport AWS on 13 Jan
Warmest days on average 28.6 °C at Mungindi Post Office
Coolest days on average 8.5 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day -5.8 °C at Thredbo AWS on 13 Jul
Coldest night -10.4 °C at Thredbo AWS on 7 Aug
Coolest nights on average 1.6 °C at Thredbo AWS
Warmest nights on average 17.0 °C at South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse)
Warmest night 31.4 °C at Fowlers Gap AWS on 28 Dec
Warmest on average overall 21.8 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Coolest on average overall 5.1 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 2928.0 mm at Perisher Valley AWS
Driest overall 331.0 mm at Lake Victoria Storage
Wettest day 430.0 mm at Coramba (Glenfiddich) on 5 Jun
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at Tamworth Airport AWS on 8 Dec

Maps

Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps

Rainfall rank Maximum temperature rank Minimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Clarence Town (Prince St) 244.0 on 6 Jan 243.6 on 19 Apr 1946 122
Coramba (Glenfiddich) 430.0 on 5 Jun 421.1 on 21 Feb 1954 84
Snowball 168.0 on 6 Jun 162.8 on 16 Sep 1962 64
Wooli Beach 254.6 on 5 Jun 210.5 on 17 Feb 2009 52
Campbelltown (Kentlyn (Georges River Roa 154.0 on 5 Jun 143.0 on 16 Apr 1969 40
Brooman (Carisbrook) 200.0 on 6 Jun 188.0 on 11 Feb 1992 38
Upper Chichester (Simmonds) 220.0 on 6 Jan 168.0 on 11 Dec 2002 36
Cooma Airport AWS 86.0 on 6 Jun 74.6 on 21 Mar 1983 32
Ballina Airport AWS 217.2 on 5 Jun 190.0 on 26 Jun 2003 25
Ingleburn (Sackville Street) 140.0 on 5 Jun 123.4 on 25 Sep 1995 25

Record highest annual total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Old Junee (Millbank) 898.5 875.7 in 1956 118 508.7
Yanco Agricultural Institute 737.6 653.3 in 1992 59 406.4
Rowena Post Office 796.0 791.5 in 1976 45 543.5
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 861.2 859.4 in 2010 22 650.6

Highest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years

Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Junee Treatment Works 833.6 907.1 in 1956* 525.9
Dandaloo (Kelvin) 851.2 863.5 in 1959* 496.4
Peak Hill Post Office 974.2 1066.9 in 1973 564.5
Leeton (Bents Hill) 801.5 824.0 in 1974 479.5
Griffith Airport AWS 686.2 703.3 in 1974* 402.2
Narrandera Airport AWS 660.2 775.8 in 1974* 437.3
Ganmain (Rosedale) 826.8 874.5 in 1974* 506.9
Whitton (Conapaira St) 703.9 797.5 in 1956* 401.0
Tumut (Simpson Street) 1077.9 1145.0 in 1974* 817.1
Neville (Carcoar St) 1331.7 1373.2 in 1973* 926.8
Maude (Nap Nap) 479.1 760.0 in 1974* 317.5
Urana Post Office 692.9 707.7 in 1978* 442.7
Marrar (Brigadoon) 753.7 830.2 in 1974* 509.7
Stockinbingal General Store 937.9 1085.5 in 1974* 591.7
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 921.5 969.7 in 1984* 624.2
Alectown (Vanvilla) 908.2 1085.3 in 1973* 615.4
Canberra (Australian National Botanic Ga 908.4 911.5 in 1989* 695.4
Thredbo Village 2651.8 2666.2 in 1973* 1782.9
Bungonia (Inverary Park) 837.2 859.0 in 1990* 663.0
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 685.8 711.4 in 1992 460.7
Goulburn (Cherryton) 807.2 858.1 in 1984* 614.2
Hatfield (Benilkie) 485.5 505.0 in 1978* 282.2
Adelong (Tumut St) 1097.0 1122.6 in 1984* 790.9
Grong Grong (Junee St) 803.8 837.1 in 1974* 460.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported


Record highest temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Narrandera Airport AWS 45.4 on 13 Jan = 45.4 on 7 Feb 2009 22 23.7

Record lowest daily maximum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Collarenebri (Albert St) 9.3 on 27 Jun 9.4 on 6 Jul 1995 103 27.6
Wanaaring Post Office 9.5 on 26 Jun 11.3 on 6 Jul 1995 26 28.1
Condobolin Airport AWS 7.0 on 26 Jun 7.4 on 16 Jul 2015 24 24.8
Armidale Airport AWS 2.8 on 27 Jun 3.7 on 20 Aug 1996 23 19.4
Inverell (Raglan St) 7.2 on 27 Jun 7.9 on 20 Jun 2007 22 24.0
Moree Aero 9.6 on 27 Jun 9.8 on 20 Jun 2007 22 26.7
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 3.6 on 27 Jun 4.2 on 23 Jun 1998 20 20.2
Coonamble Airport AWS 8.7 on 27 Jun 9.0 on 8 Jul 2001 20 26.4
Tibooburra Airport 8.7 on 26 Jun 9.9 on 20 Jun 2007 20 28.0

Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 23.9 23.7 in 2013 157 21.7
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 25.1 24.9 in 2002 77 23.2
Norfolk Island Aero 22.5 22.4 in 1998 76 21.5
Sydney Airport AMO 24.1 = 24.1 in 2013 76 22.3
Williamtown RAAF 24.5 = 24.5 in 1980 65 23.1
Prospect Reservoir 24.6 = 24.6 in 2013 47 23.2
Bankstown Airport AWS 24.9 24.6 in 2013 46 23.2
Montague Island Lighthouse 20.6 20.3 in 2013 37 19.5
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 25.3 = 25.3 in 1980 37 24.1
Lord Howe Island Aero 22.9 22.6 in 2010 27 22.1
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 21.1 20.8 in 2009 25 20.0
Cessnock Airport AWS 25.2 25.1 in 2013 23 24.1
Richmond RAAF 25.4 25.3 in 2013 22 24.1
Casino Airport AWS 27.7 27.3 in 2014 21 25.9
Mangrove Mountain AWS 23.3 22.9 in 2013 21 21.7
Grafton Research Stn 27.2 26.7 in 2005 20 25.7
Norah Head AWS 23.4 23.1 in 2013 20 22.2
Penrith Lakes AWS 25.4 = 25.4 in 2002 20 24.6
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.6 24.3 in 2013 20 23.7

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Yamba Pilot Station 25.1 25.4 in 1897* 23.4
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 21.5 21.9 in 1907* 20.4
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.4 24.5 in 1980 23.3
Camden Airport AWS 24.8 25.1 in 1980* 23.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported


Record highest daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sydney Airport AMO 27.5 on 14 Dec 26.4 on 6 Feb 2011 78 13.5
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 22.0 on 14 Dec 21.8 on 3 Feb 2011 36 12.0
Batemans Bay (Catalina Country Club) 23.1 on 30 Dec 22.3 on 3 Feb 2011 26 10.0

Record lowest temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Mangrove Mountain AWS -0.5 on 26 Jun = -0.5 on 13 Aug 2005 23 11.6

Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 15.4 15.2 in 2007 157 13.8
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 15.7 15.5 in 2014 148 14.3
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 12.7 12.5 in 2014 138 11.2
Katoomba (Murri St) 9.4 9.1 in 1940 86 8.0
Hume Reservoir 11.4 = 11.4 in 2007 83 10.0
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 17.0 16.5 in 1973 77 15.7
Sydney Airport AMO 15.3 15.1 in 2014 76 13.5
Tumbarumba Post Office 7.1 7.0 in 2007 47 5.6
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 13.1 13.0 in 1973 46 12.2
Montague Island Lighthouse 15.1 14.9 in 2014 38 13.9
Goulburn TAFE 8.9 8.6 in 2007 35 7.5
Thredbo Village 3.1 2.9 in 2014 29 2.0
Guyra Hospital 7.4 7.3 in 2014 27 6.6
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 7.4 = 7.4 in 1992 24 6.0
Cooma Airport AWS 4.8 = 4.8 in 1998 24 4.0
Goulburn Airport AWS 7.4 7.3 in 2007 24 6.0
Mount Boyce AWS 8.6 = 8.6 in 2009 24 8.0
Mudgee Airport AWS 9.1 = 9.1 in 1998 24 8.1
Albury Airport AWS 10.2 10.1 in 2007 22 9.1
Wanaaring Post Office 14.1 13.8 in 2015 22 13.0
Forbes Airport AWS 10.6 10.5 in 2009 20 9.6
Penrith Lakes AWS 13.2 12.9 in 1998 20 12.3

Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Yamba Pilot Station 16.5 16.7 in 1897 15.5
Wagga Wagga AMO 10.5 10.7 in 1942 9.1
Bathurst Agricultural Station 7.6 7.7 in 1983 6.7

Record highest annual mean temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 19.6 19.4 in 2013 157 17.8
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 19.3 19.2 in 2013 148 18.0
Katoomba (Murri St) 14.0 = 14.0 in 1940 86 12.4
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 21.0 20.5 in 2014 77 19.4
Sydney Airport AMO 19.7 19.5 in 2013 76 17.9
Williamtown RAAF 19.0 18.6 in 1980 65 17.8
Prospect Reservoir 18.8 18.5 in 2013 47 17.7
Bankstown Airport AWS 18.9 18.5 in 2014 46 17.6
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 19.0 = 19.0 in 2014 46 18.0
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 18.8 18.6 in 2009 45 17.8
Camden Airport AWS 17.9 17.7 in 2014 37 16.9
Montague Island Lighthouse 17.8 17.6 in 2014 37 16.7
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 19.0 18.9 in 1980 37 18.1
Goulburn TAFE 14.5 14.4 in 2009 33 13.6
Lord Howe Island Aero 20.3 20.2 in 1998 27 19.6
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 19.7 19.5 in 2013 26 18.6
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 13.5 13.4 in 2009 24 12.6
Goulburn Airport AWS 13.7 = 13.7 in 2007 24 12.8
Mount Boyce AWS 13.3 = 13.3 in 2013 24 12.5
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 16.9 16.8 in 2014 24 16.0
Ballina Airport AWS 20.2 = 20.2 in 2009 23 19.4
Cessnock Airport AWS 18.2 18.0 in 2014 22 17.3
Casino Airport AWS 20.5 20.3 in 2014 21 19.6
Mangrove Mountain AWS 17.6 17.3 in 2009 21 16.7
Richmond RAAF 18.6 18.2 in 2014 21 17.6
Grafton Research Stn 20.8 20.5 in 2014 20 19.6
Norah Head AWS 19.5 19.3 in 2001 20 18.7
Penrith Lakes AWS 19.3 19.0 in 2014 20 18.4
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 18.7 18.6 in 1998 20 18.2

Highest annual mean temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 17.1 17.9 in 1876* 15.8
Yamba Pilot Station 20.8 21.1 in 1897* 19.4
Cooma Visitors Centre 12.4 12.6 in 1988* 11.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported


Summary statistics for 2016

Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2016
Mean
for
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2016
Total
for
2016
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2016
Fraction
of annual
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 26.3 -0.4 43.2 12 Jan 13.4 +0.5 -1.3 15 Jul 390.8 269.5 high 145%
Tibooburra Airport 27.9 -0.1 43.9 4 Dec 15.6 +0.7 3.6 14 Jul 353.4 192.3 v high 184%
White Cliffs AWS 27.1 -0.2 44.6 4 Dec 14.9 +0.7 1.8 15 Jul 405.8 296.6 high 137%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 27.0 -0.3 45.3 12 Jan 12.6 +0.5 -1.8 15 Jul 441.4 283.4 high 156%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 24.7 +0.1 42.6 12 Jan 12.1 +0.5 -0.2 15 Jul 382.6 256.2 high 149%
Lake Victoria Storage 24.6 +0.8 42.9 13 Jan 11.4 +0.6 -0.5 13 Jun 331.0 262.0 high 126%
Pooncarie Mail Agency 26.2 -0.2 45.0 19 Jan 12.0 +0.7 -1.0 16 Jul 383.6 269.7 high 142%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 28.1 -0.1 45.3 4 Dec 14.0 +0.6 -1.1 15 Jul 388.6 306.2 average 127%
Brewarrina Hospital 28.1 +0.5 44.8 4 Dec 13.5 +0.9 -0.6 30 Jul 409.0 414.5 average 99%
Cobar Airport AWS 25.9 0.0 43.7 13 Jan 12.3 +0.6 -3.0 15 Jul



Cobar MO 25.7 +0.4 42.5 13 Jan 13.5 +0.7 0.4 26 Aug



Wanaaring Post Office 28.5 +0.4 44.6 4 Dec 14.1 +1.1 0.0 22 Aug 432.3 281.8 high 153%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 25.7 -0.4 45.7 13 Jan 12.9 +0.5 0.4 27 Aug 543.8 241.0 v high 226%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 24.6 +0.1 43.1 13 Jan 11.4 +1.2 -2.0 27 Aug 685.8 460.7 v high 149%
Condobolin Airport AWS 24.9 +0.1 44.2 13 Jan 11.3 +1.1 -1.7 27 Aug



Peak Hill Post Office 24.8 +0.3 43.5 13 Jan 12.8 +0.8 -0.4 26 Jun 974.2 564.5 v high 173%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 23.9 -0.1 43.7 13 Jan 10.7 +0.8 -0.9 26 Jun 762.6 456.3 high 167%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 26.1 -0.3 42.4 30 Dec 12.2 +0.5 -1.4 26 Aug 692.4 557.2 average 124%
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 28.6 +0.9 44.6 5 Dec 13.9 +1.0 0.2 31 Jul 678.3 506.7 high 134%
Walgett Airport AWS 27.4 -0.2 44.0 3 Dec 12.4 +0.5 -1.1 21 Aug 607.8 440.8 high 138%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 27.1 +0.4 42.9 5 Dec 13.5 +1.1 -1.2 3 Jul



Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Narrabri Airport AWS 26.7 0.0 42.6 5 Dec 12.6 +0.5 -0.3 30 Jul 709.0 570.8 high 124%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 26.1 0.0 42.3 26 Feb 10.5 +0.4 -5.6 15 Jul 580.0 557.0 average 104%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 25.4 +0.8 40.7 26 Feb 12.8 +0.6 -1.2 15 Jul 713.2 638.0 average 112%
Quirindi Post Office 25.3 +0.6 41.4 13 Jan 9.8 +0.9 -5.0 15 Jul 750.8 683.7 average 110%
Tamworth Airport AWS 25.3 +0.5 40.6 26 Feb 10.2 +0.4 -3.6 15 Jul 785.6 642.3 high 122%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 21.1 +0.6 36.5 26 Feb 6.6 +1.1 -7.5 25 May 889.5 785.8 high 113%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 21.1 +0.9 34.6 26 Feb 6.9 +0.7 -7.0 30 May 780.6 754.8 average 103%
Armidale Airport AWS 20.0 +0.6 34.1 26 Feb 8.1 +0.7 -5.1 26 Jun 899.2 766.9 high 117%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 20.5 +1.0 34.5 26 Feb 7.9 +0.5 -5.0 26 Jun 901.0 841.7 average 107%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 20.7 +0.5 34.2 26 Feb 6.6 +0.6 -7.7 25 May 1104.2 891.1 high 124%
Guyra Hospital 18.5 +0.8 31.0 5 Dec 7.4 +0.8 -5.0 29 Jun 917.5 916.1 average 100%
Inverell Research Centre 23.8 +1.1 38.8 26 Feb 10.8 +0.5 -1.9 26 Jun 850.0 799.0 average 106%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 21.8 +0.4 34.9 5 Dec     -5.5 26 Jun 784.8 850.9 average 92%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 23.5 +1.2 37.8 5 Dec 13.1 +0.5 3.2 26 Jun 867.6 1266.7 v low 68%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 25.4 +0.9 35.2 6 Dec 15.0 +0.7 2.3 26 Jun 1225.2 1842.8 v low 66%
Casino Airport AWS 27.7 +1.8 42.5 31 Dec 13.2 -0.1 0.7 26 Jun 869.0 1037.2 low 84%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 25.9 +1.4 39.9 31 Dec 15.7 +0.4 5.6 28 Jun 1200.6 1465.9 low 82%
Grafton Airport AWS 26.8   41.3 31 Dec 13.0   -0.5 26 Jun



Grafton Research Stn 27.2 +1.5 41.8 31 Dec 14.3 +0.9 2.7 26 May 674.8 994.6 v low 68%
Lismore Airport AWS 26.8 +0.9 40.1 31 Dec 13.0 +0.1 -0.1 26 Jun



Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 26.4 +0.7 36.2 2 Feb 14.7 +0.2 2.2 25 May 1468.2 1601.9 average 92%
Yamba Pilot Station 25.1 +1.7 36.1 6 Dec 16.5 +1.0 5.0 26 Jun 1070.8 1463.6 low 73%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 24.8   37.4 13 Nov 14.4   1.6 26 Jul 871.6


Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd)     33.7 31 Dec 10.4 +0.5 -1.5 26 Jun 1220.1 1931.7 v low 63%
Kempsey Airport AWS 25.8 +0.9 38.7 31 Dec 11.7 0.0 -0.5 25 May 855.6 1128.4 low 76%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 25.1 +1.9 33.5 13 Nov 17.0 +1.3 8.2 14 Jul 922.7 1483.6 v low 62%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 23.7 +0.9 33.5 13 Nov 14.7 +0.4 4.0 26 Aug 1113.0 1225.3 average 91%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.6 +0.9 35.6 31 Jan 12.8 +0.1 -1.1 26 Jul 1068.8 1416.7 v low 75%
Taree Airport AWS 24.9 +0.9 37.8 30 Dec 12.8 +0.2 -2.5 15 Jul 907.2 1135.7 low 80%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 25.5 +1.2 39.6 30 Dec 12.5 +0.7 0.6 15 Jul 2174.2 1746.3 high 125%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 25.2 +1.1 41.2 30 Dec 11.3 +0.7 -3.5 30 May 761.6 743.3 average 102%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 24.6   39.5 29 Dec 11.7   -1.4 15 Jul 1026.6


Gosford AWS 23.8   39.9 14 Jan 13.5   1.5 4 Jul 1305.0


Mangrove Mountain AWS 23.3 +1.6 39.1 25 Feb 11.9 +0.3 -0.5 26 Jun



Merriwa (Roscommon)     40.3 5 Dec 9.4   -4.6 30 Jun 741.0 606.1 high 122%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 20.7 +0.1 35.3 31 Dec 11.2 +0.5 -1.3 15 Jul 935.2 754.4 high 124%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 23.3 +0.4 34.2 14 Dec 16.0 +1.7 6.1 15 Jul 1106.0 1348.1 low 82%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 22.9 +1.1 38.9 29 Dec 15.7 +1.4 5.1 26 Jun



Norah Head AWS 23.4 +1.2 37.5 14 Jan 15.7 +0.6 5.0 14 Jul 1058.4 1159.3 low 91%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 25.3 +1.2 41.9 30 Dec 12.8 +0.8 -0.1 4 Jul 948.1 942.2 average 101%
Scone Airport AWS 25.3 +1.0 41.7 31 Dec 10.5 +0.5 -3.1 30 Jun 703.2 625.0 average 113%
Singleton STP 25.5 +0.5 42.0 30 Dec 11.7 +1.0 -3.0 4 Jul 728.9 676.6 average 108%
Williamtown RAAF 24.5 +1.4 40.1 14 Jan 13.4 +1.0 1.7 30 Jun 1130.2 1126.7 average 100%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 23.4 +0.3 38.6 13 Jan     -2.5 30 May 938.4 653.5 v high 144%
Mudgee Airport AWS 22.9 +0.3 37.8 14 Jan 9.1 +1.0 -4.4 30 Jun 883.4 672.7 high 131%
Nullo Mountain AWS 17.1 +0.5 31.5 31 Dec 8.5 +0.5 -3.1 26 Jun 1265.2 954.9 v high 132%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 21.0 +1.1 38.4 13 Jan 7.6 +0.9 -4.8 27 Aug 794.9 639.6 high 124%
Bathurst Airport AWS 20.8 +0.6 37.2 13 Jan 7.7 +0.9 -4.7 30 Jun 703.4 614.5 high 114%
Katoomba (Murri St) 18.6 +1.8 33.4 25 Feb 9.4 +1.4 -2.2 14 Jul 1182.4 1403.0 low 84%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 19.0   33.8 13 Jan 7.3   -6.1 26 Jun 903.6 786.9 high 115%
Mount Boyce AWS 18.0 +1.1 32.3 25 Feb 8.6 +0.6 -2.9 25 Jun 1055.2 971.5 average 109%
Oberon (Springbank) 17.5 +0.5 34.4 13 Jan 6.4 +1.1 -5.5 26 Jun 1032.3 842.2 high 123%
Orange Airport AWS 18.5 +0.2 34.4 13 Jan 6.8 +0.7 -4.3 26 Jun 1261.4 900.2 high 140%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 23.2   39.5 25 Feb 12.6   2.1 14 Jul 942.1 1086.3 average 87%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 22.5 -0.2 37.7 5 Dec 12.0 +0.5 0.0 26 Jun 833.4 684.2 high 122%
Dunedoo Post Office 24.5 +0.6 41.7 13 Jan 10.6 +0.9 -3.5 15 Jul 807.4 616.1 high 131%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 23.4 -0.3 42.0 13 Jan 9.7 +1.1 -2.1 12 Aug 833.6 548.8 v high 152%
Dubbo Airport AWS 24.6 +0.1 42.0 13 Jan 10.8 +0.6 -3.6 14 Jul 916.4 590.0 v high 155%
Forbes Airport AWS 24.1 -0.3 43.0 13 Jan 10.6 +1.0 -1.9 14 Jul 692.4 499.1 v high 139%
Parkes Airport AWS 23.8 0.0 42.7 13 Jan 10.0 +0.8 -2.9 14 Jul 833.2 650.9 high 128%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 24.4 0.0 40.5 13 Jan 10.2 +0.8 -2.6 14 Jul 959.8 618.7 v high 155%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 24.9 +1.7 40.7 25 Feb 12.9 +0.9 0.5 30 Jun 973.8 876.6 high 111%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 23.9 +0.9 39.3 14 Jan 12.8 +0.5 0.7 30 Jun 1155.2 970.9 high 119%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 24.2   40.6 14 Jan 11.9   -0.6 30 Jun 988.8


Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.4 +1.1 40.0 25 Feb 13.1 +0.9 1.5 30 Jun 1115.6 973.5 high 115%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 23.9 +2.2 39.2 14 Jan 15.4 +1.6 5.4 30 Jun 1385.6 1215.7 high 114%
Sydney Airport AMO 24.1 +1.8 40.6 14 Jan 15.3 +1.8 5.4 26 Jun 1266.4 1085.9 high 117%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 21.8 +0.6 35.4 14 Dec 16.2 +0.6 7.3 26 Jun



Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 24.6   40.3 25 Feb 13.5   1.9 30 Jun 1191.0


Terrey Hills AWS 22.6 +0.9 38.9 14 Jan 13.8 +0.6 3.1 29 Jul 929.8 1089.9 low 85%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 24.6 +0.9 39.8 25 Feb 12.6 +0.6 -0.3 26 Jun 892.4 769.2 average 116%
Penrith Lakes AWS 25.4 +0.8 42.2 25 Feb 13.2 +0.9 1.0 15 Jul 796.4 731.4 average 109%
Prospect Reservoir 24.6 +1.4 41.0 25 Feb 12.9 +0.6 0.4 26 Jun 1052.5 875.4 high 120%
Richmond RAAF 25.4 +1.3 40.0 14 Jan 11.8 +0.8 -2.1 30 May 802.2 740.5 high 108%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 23.3 +0.8 39.4 13 Dec 12.4 +0.9 0.7 4 Jul



Bellambi AWS 22.1 +0.8 38.0 13 Dec 15.3 +0.6 7.1 12 Aug 1282.4 1123.8 high 114%
Camden Airport AWS 24.8 +1.1 40.2 14 Jan 11.0 +0.8 -2.1 30 Jun 921.4 792.4 high 116%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 24.7   39.5 25 Feb 11.3   -1.0 4 Jul 869.0


High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 18.8   34.0 25 Feb 9.6   -0.7 25 Jun 856.4


Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 21.3 +0.7 35.6 20 Jan 14.8 +0.6 6.3 24 Jul 1539.2 1257.7 high 122%
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 22.0   39.0 13 Dec 15.2   7.1 25 Jul 953.6


Moss Vale AWS 19.5 +0.7 35.9 25 Feb 9.1 +1.0 -3.1 15 Jun 863.0 712.4 high 121%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 22.9 +0.7 41.0 25 Feb 12.5 +1.0 1.3 30 Jun



South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 22.7 +0.9 37.8 25 Feb     -1.7 4 Jul



Braidwood Racecourse AWS 19.7 +0.5 37.4 13 Jan 7.4 +1.4 -6.8 30 May 861.2 650.6 highest 132%
Green Cape AWS 20.2 +0.5 33.7 13 Dec 13.7 +0.4 6.5 24 Jul 617.8 619.9 average 100%
Merimbula Airport AWS 21.5 +0.8 37.8 13 Dec 10.6 +0.8 1.1 24 Jul 845.2 771.6 average 110%
Montague Island Lighthouse 20.6 +1.1 32.3 30 Dec 15.1 +1.2 7.9 24 Jul 859.4 881.4 average 98%
Moruya Airport AWS 22.3 +1.0 42.0 25 Feb 10.9 +0.9 -1.1 29 Jul 955.8 804.7 average 119%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 21.5 +1.1 40.0 25 Feb 12.7 +1.5 3.2 13 Jun 911.3 955.2 average 95%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 21.1 +1.1 32.8 29 Dec 12.6 +0.6 2.8 14 Jul 1024.9 919.1 high 112%
Nerriga AWS 20.1   36.6 25 Feb 8.1   -4.4 26 Jun



Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 19.8 +1.3 36.0 24 Feb 5.8 +1.0 -6.6 16 Jun 775.4 648.9 high 119%
Canberra Airport 21.2   39.3 13 Jan 7.6   -5.5 15 Jun 788.2


Cooma Airport AWS 18.4 +0.3 34.0 13 Jan 4.8 +0.8 -9.7 30 May 707.4 536.4 v high 132%
Cooma Visitors Centre 20.0 +0.6 35.5 13 Jan 4.9 +0.8 -7.8 15 Jun 618.2 548.3 average 113%
Goulburn Airport AWS 20.1 +0.4 38.1 13 Jan 7.4 +1.4 -5.3 30 May 732.6 551.9 high 133%
Goulburn TAFE 20.2 +0.5 38.5 13 Jan 8.9 +1.4 -3.1 26 Jun 721.4 627.8 high 115%
Mount Ginini AWS 11.7 -0.1 28.3 13 Jan 3.8 +0.3 -7.8 25 Jun 1404.8 1053.3 high 133%
Taralga Post Office 19.4 +1.2 37.0 13 Jan 7.1 +1.1 -5.0 27 Jun 941.1 805.5 high 117%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 20.9 +0.1 38.7 13 Jan 7.9 +1.0 -5.1 15 Jun 862.8 631.5 high 137%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 11.0   27.6 13 Jan 2.1   -8.6 5 Aug 2928.0


Thredbo AWS 8.5 +0.3 24.6 13 Jan 1.6 +0.7 -10.4 7 Aug



Thredbo Village 14.2 +0.6 30.9 13 Jan 3.1 +1.1 -8.0 2 Aug 2651.8 1782.9 v high 149%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 22.8 +0.4 43.0 13 Jan 10.2 +1.1 -1.3 26 Jun 805.0 623.7 high 129%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 12.4 -0.2 29.8 13 Jan 5.4 +0.3 -5.5 14 Jul 1634.4 1165.9 v high 140%
Hume Reservoir 22.2 +0.7 42.0 13 Jan 11.4 +1.4 0.0 25 Jun 850.6 696.0 high 122%
Khancoban AWS 21.3 0.0 41.8 13 Jan 8.3 +1.1 -3.3 15 Jun 1270.4 918.9 v high 138%
Tumbarumba Post Office 20.3 +0.6 39.0 13 Jan 7.1 +1.5 -6.5 15 Jun 1309.4 979.2 v high 134%
Wagga Wagga AMO 22.9 +0.8 43.2 13 Jan 10.5 +1.4 -2.0 26 Aug



Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 22.0 +1.4 41.0 13 Jan     -0.5 26 Jun 1391.2 930.1 v high 150%
Cootamundra Airport 22.3 0.0 43.0 25 Feb 8.9 +1.3 -3.3 26 Jun 947.2 612.2 v high 155%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 22.6 +0.1 41.4 13 Jan 9.8 +0.3 -2.2 26 Jun 921.5 624.2 v high 148%
Temora Airport 23.3 -0.3 43.6 13 Jan 9.5 +0.9 -1.8 26 Jun 703.6 473.2 high 149%
Young Airport 22.4 +0.2 41.0 13 Jan 8.3 +1.3 -3.2 26 Jun 990.6 608.8 v high 163%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 23.1 +0.5 43.9 13 Jan 10.0 +1.1 -1.5 26 Jun 707.4 544.4 high 130%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 23.4 -0.2 45.1 13 Jan 10.5 +1.0 -0.4 27 Aug 496.2 374.9 v high 132%
Narrandera Airport AWS 23.9 +0.2 45.4 13 Jan 10.8 +1.0 -1.3 15 Jun 660.2 437.3 v high 151%
Tocumwal Airport 22.9 0.0 45.2 13 Jan 10.4 +0.8 -0.1 8 Aug 646.9 450.3 v high 144%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 23.8 -0.3 44.6 13 Jan 12.0 +0.6 -0.1 16 Jul 737.6 406.4 highest 181%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 24.2 +0.2 45.2 13 Jan 10.9 +0.7 -1.4 25 Jun 686.2 402.2 v high 171%
Hay Airport AWS 24.6   46.0 13 Jan     -1.6 17 Jul 418.2


Hillston Airport 24.8 +0.4 44.3 13 Jan 11.3 +0.4 -1.1 26 Aug 698.1 372.4 v high 187%
Lake Cargelligo Airport     43.6 13 Jan 11.8 +0.9 -0.8 14 Jul



Offshore Islands (district 200)
Lord Howe Island Aero 22.9 +0.8 28.3 31 Jan 17.8 +0.7 8.1 17 Jun



Norfolk Island Aero 22.5 +1.0 27.9 1 Feb 17.4 +1.1 10.7 10 Aug




Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Tuesday 3 January 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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