Tasmania in 2016: A very wet and very warm year

Several heavy rain events brought flooding to Tasmania through the year, and gave the State its second-wettest year on record. It was the State's warmest year on record, with strong winds and warm oceans leading to persistently mild nights.

Repeated heavy rain and flooding, and a wet year overall

  • Numerous occasions when heavy rain caused flooding: an event in late January, then recurrent flooding across most catchments during the second half of the year, most notably the record major flooding in early June and with further moderate or major floods in July, September, October and November; many sites had their wettest day on record during one of these events
  • Extremely dry conditions at the end of 2015 gave way to generally wet from May onwards as persistent westerly winds came to dominate Tasmania's weather; the eight months from September 2015 to April 2016 were the driest on record, whilst the eight months from May to December 2016 were the wettest on record
  • A wet year overall, especially in the north where some sites had their wettest year on record or their wettest for many decades
  • The second-wettest calendar year on record for Tasmania (behind 1956), with total rain 31% above average
  • Mount Read registered 4998 mm, the highest annual total ever recorded at a Tasmanian station; some precipitation was lost to snow and wind and the true total is almost certainly higher

Record warm nights, warm days overall

  • The mean annual temperature for Tasmania was a record high 0.88 °C above average, with several sites (including Hobart, Launceston and Devonport) having their highest annual mean temperature on record
  • Persistently high sea surface temperatures, strong winds and rain ensured overnight temperatures were above average in almost all months, leading to some sites having their highest mean daily minimum temperature on record
  • Mean minimum temperature for the State was a record 1.08 °C above average, well above the previous record from 1988
  • Daytime maximum temperatures were above average overall, especially early in the year when warm temperatures hung on through autumn, but closer to average from October onwards
  • Mean maximum temperature for the State was 0.67 °C above average, the eighth-warmest on record

Extensive fires, strong winds, and snow

  • Following a record dry spring in 2015 and a continued dry early summer , a large number of fires were started by lightning in the northwest during January; some continued through February with a total of about 123 800 ha burnt mostly in remote areas
  • Frequent cold fronts and low pressure systems crossing Tasmania brought strong and damaging winds repeatedly during the year, with gusts over 100 km/h reported somewhere in the State on an unusually high 136 days
  • Cold outbreaks brought snow to low levels twice during July, although temperatures recovered and much of the snow melted quite quickly

Record warm year in Hobart

  • Hobart's mean temperature for the year was a record high at 14.0 °C, which is 1.4 °C above the long-term average and 0.2 °C clear of the previous record from 2014
  • Hobart's mean daily minimum was a record warm at 9.8 °C, well clear of the previous record from 1988 and 1.4 °C above the long-term average
  • Daytime temperatures were also mild in Hobart, with a mean daily maximum of 18.2 °C coming in 1.3 °C above average. Temperature observations have been taken from the site in Ellerslie Road since 1878
  • Rainfall for the year was 693.6 mm, above the long-term average of 615 mm; February, March and August were relatively dry but most other months were quite wet

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in 2016
Hottest day 36.8 °C at Grove (Research Station) on 13 Jan
Warmest days on average 19.0 °C at Launceston (Ti Tree Bend)
Coolest days on average 8.4 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Coldest day -3.6 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on 23 Jul
Coldest night -9.0 °C at Liawenee on 1 Jun
Coolest nights on average 1.9 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Warmest nights on average 12.2 °C at Swan Island
Warmest night 21.8 °C at Flinders Island Airport on 24 Feb
Warmest on average overall 14.8 °C at Larapuna (Eddystone Point) and Swan Island
Coolest on average overall 5.2 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Wettest overall

at least 4998.4 mm at Mount Read *

Driest overall 525.2 mm at Sorell (Abbatoirs)
Wettest day 278.0 mm at St Marys (Cameron Street) on 22 Jun
Strongest wind gust 165 km/h at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on 14 Jul

* note: Mount Read was affected by wind, snow and outages on several occasions during the year, so the exact total is not known but is almost certainly higher. The highest total from a manual site was 3255.0 mm at Queenstown (South Queenstown)


Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Frankford (Rossville) 143.0 on 6 Jun 109.0 on 2 Apr 1989 117
Longford (Denton Close) 82.0 on 29 Jan 77.2 on 26 May 2012 114
Yolla (Sea View) 248.0 on 6 Jun 139.0 on 12 Apr 2003 110
Wilmot (Back Road) 180.0 on 6 Jun 158.8 on 5 Apr 1929 107
Renison Bell 115.4 on 6 Jun 99.1 on 12 Jul 1970 91
Hampshire (Neena Road) 174.6 on 6 Jun 125.2 on 28 Apr 1974 86
Meander 103.2 on 6 Jun 97.0 on 23 Sep 1998 85
Orford South 161.0 on 30 Jan 144.8 on 16 Mar 1938 81
Ravensdale 156.4 on 30 Jan 156.2 on 26 Mar 1946 75
Lorinna 243.6 on 6 Jun 134.6 on 3 Dec 1916 65
Orford (Aubin Court) 140.5 on 30 Jan 118.6 on 7 Jun 1954 65
Pyengana (Forest Lodge Road) 211.0 on 6 Jun 200.0 on 24 Mar 2011 55
Barrington Post Office 164.6 on 6 Jun 116.4 on 9 Oct 1992 52
Weetah (Weetah Road) 132.8 on 6 Jun 129.2 on 28 Jan 2004 52
East Sassafras (Elphin Grove) 119.4 on 6 Jun 96.0 on 23 Sep 1998 51
Killiecrankie 110.0 on 31 Jan 72.8 on 16 May 1974 49
Sandspit River (Ringrove) 168.0 on 30 Jan 100.0 on 30 Jan 2004 39
Westbury (Birralee Road) 128.2 on 6 Jun 79.2 on 23 Sep 1998 39
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 88.0 on 29 Jan 67.6 on 21 Jul 2000 37
Loongana (Serendipity) 248.0 on 6 Jun 130.6 on 14 Jan 2011 33
Deviot Jetty 83.6 on 13 Nov 74.2 on 28 Jan 2004 29
Kimberley (Mersey River) 146.0 on 6 Jun 139.2 on 20 Jun 1997 24
Meander (Meander River) 100.2 on 6 Jun 89.6 on 31 Aug 2005 24
Mount Barrow (South Barrow) 149.8 on 6 Jun 130.8 on 31 Aug 2005 24
Strathbridge (Meander River) 114.2 on 29 Jan 69.8 on 31 Aug 2005 24
Bridport (Sea View Villas) 75.6 on 19 Mar 56.0 on 24 Mar 2011 23
Deloraine (Reedy Marsh) 163.2 on 6 Jun 126.8 on 28 Jan 2004 23
Deloraine Railway Bridge (Meander River) 107.6 on 6 Jun 89.6 on 12 Jul 2009 23
Cradle Mountain Visitors Centre 200.4 on 6 Jun 87.4 on 17 Mar 1996 22
Nunamara Offtake (St Patricks River) 151.2 on 6 Jun 75.6 on 22 Mar 2013 22
Quamby Bluff 181.0 on 6 Jun 154.0 on 4 May 1997 22
Upper Blessington 123.6 on 6 Jun 104.6 on 29 Jan 2004 22
Friendly Beaches 138.2 on 29 Jan 105.8 on 16 May 2003 20
Sheffield School Farm 215.8 on 6 Jun 95.4 on 12 Jul 2009 20
Swansea (Dolphin Sands) 114.2 on 29 Jan 110.0 on 5 Jun 2009 20
Targa (Mountain Views) 161.0 on 6 Jun 124.0 on 31 Aug 2005 20
Woodlea Nursery 104.8 on 6 Jun 104.6 on 23 Sep 1998 20



Record highest annual total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Frankford (Rossville) 1653.2 1640.1 in 1956 121 1061.1
Yolla (Sea View) 2177.1 2123.6 in 1975 106 1456.2
Lilydale Post Office 1403.8 1357.8 in 1971 103 957.9
Northdown (Hamley) 1223.2 1208.0 in 1974 92 802.1
Macquarie Island 1281.0 1272.6 in 2015 64 986.3
Lorinna 2070.8 1985.4 in 1917 55 1353.6
Devonport Airport 1203.0 1128.2 in 1975 52 773.1
Barrington Post Office 1808.5 1536.6 in 1992 46 1141.4
Tomahawk (Carisbrooke) 1054.8 1031.2 in 1971 45 732.0
Waterhouse(Barooga) 934.8 913.3 in 1971 44 675.8
Rotherwood 808.8 791.6 in 1985 43 595.7
Wynyard Airport 1457.8 1428.4 in 1956 42 986.9
Weetah (Weetah Road) 1544.6 1484.0 in 1973 41 1009.9
Zeehan (West Coast Pioneers Museum) 2941.6 2898.1 in 1996 38 2400.9
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 999.7 886.9 in 2013 33 686.5
Westbury (Birralee Road) 1106.5 1024.8 in 1996 31 787.2
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 1124.2 1022.0 in 1988 25 789.0
Ross (The Boulevards) 681.2 631.2 in 1996 23 491.9
Strahan Aerodrome 2024.4 2015.5 in 1996 22 1544.2
Three Hummock Island 1250.6 1233.4 in 1947 21 916.2

Highest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Fingal (Legge Street) 1024.8 1030.6 in 1916* 611.3
Ulverstone (Knights Road) 1361.9 1371.0 in 1956* 966.2
Lewis Hill (St Pauls River) 949.6 1159.7 in 1970* 629.7
Orford (Aubin Court) 986.0 1140.1 in 1970* 672.9
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 1166.5 1185.0 in 1975* 826.4
York Plains (Handroyd) 712.6 723.6 in 1975* 558.1
Burnie (Round Hill) 1352.5 1488.4 in 1975* 960.8
Forthside Research Station 1305.7 1379.0 in 1975* 985.2
Ormley 860.3 940.1 in 1970* 553.1
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 975.0 1001.2 in 1976* 761.5
Bicheno (Council Depot) 969.7 982.1 in 1971* 682.3
Launceston (Kings Meadows) 993.8 994.6 in 1971* 694.1
Tooms Lake (Tooms River) 1046.6 1145.0 in 1970* 599.3
Savage River Mine 2393.9 2828.0 in 1968* 1976.6
Western Creek (Somer Hill) 1635.5 1640.4 in 1975* 1178.4
Huonville (Tutton Avenue) 1031.2 1040.1 in 1970* 750.6
St Marys (Cullenswood) 1234.2 1766.1 in 1974* 840.8
Flinders Island Airport 869.4 896.8 in 1986* 743.7
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 1254.8 1341.2 in 1992 978.8
Ringarooma (Main Street) 1498.0 1503.6 in 1992* 1210.3
Memana (Babel Farm) 987.0 996.8 in 1989* 779.1
King Island Airport 1080.2 1197.6 in 1992* 861.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Sheffield School Farm 4.3 on 23 Jul 5.0 on 3 Aug 2015 20 16.2



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 16.3 16.0 in 2014 93 14.9
Cape Sorell 16.5 = 16.5 in 2014 74 15.0
Dover 17.4 17.3 in 2014 26 16.5
Wynyard Airport 17.9 17.8 in 2014 26 17.0
Devonport Airport 17.7 = 17.7 in 2014 24 16.9



Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 9.8 9.5 in 1988 132 8.4
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 10.0 9.8 in 1988 90 8.8
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 6.9 6.8 in 1934 79 5.9
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 9.5 = 9.5 in 2014 78 8.6
Cape Sorell 10.5 = 10.5 in 2014 74 9.5
Hobart Airport 9.3 9.0 in 2009 57 8.1
Flinders Island Airport 11.0 10.7 in 1988 52 9.8
Butlers Gorge 3.9 3.7 in 1961 51 3.0
Marrawah 10.0 = 10.0 in 2014 44 9.4
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 8.6 8.2 in 2009 31 7.3
Wynyard Airport 8.0 7.7 in 2009 26 7.1
Devonport Airport 9.2 9.0 in 2009 24 8.3
Ross (The Boulevards) 6.8 6.7 in 2009 22 5.6
Strahan Aerodrome 8.8 8.5 in 2005 22 7.9

Highest annual mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Annual
average
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 8.2 8.4 in 1988 7.2



Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 14.0 13.8 in 2014 132 12.6
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 12.9 12.6 in 1988 78 11.8
Cape Sorell 13.5 = 13.5 in 2014 73 12.2
Hobart Airport 13.8 13.6 in 2007 57 12.8
Flinders Island Airport 14.7 = 14.7 in 1988 52 13.8
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 13.8 13.7 in 2007 31 12.9
Dover 12.5 12.3 in 2005 26 11.7
Wynyard Airport 12.9 12.7 in 2009 26 12.0
Devonport Airport 13.4 13.2 in 2014 24 12.6
Strahan Aerodrome 12.9 12.6 in 2007 22 12.2



Summary statistics for 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2016
Mean
for
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2016
Total
for
2016
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2016
Fraction
of annual
average
Northern (district 91)
Bridport (Sea View Villas) 18.0 +0.5 28.1 3 Feb     0.0 24 Jul 1203.0 761.9 v high 158%
Burnie (Round Hill) 17.7 +0.8 31.2 9 Jan     0.7 25 Jun 1352.5 960.8 v high 141%
Cape Grim 15.7   24.0 18 Jan 10.9   3.1 13 Sep 1153.6
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 16.0 +0.3 25.2 18 Jan 10.9 +0.3 3.0 13 Sep 1124.2 789.0 highest 142%
Cressy Research Station 18.1 -0.1 34.6 9 Jan 7.0 +1.3 -3.8 1 Jun
Devonport Airport 17.7 +0.8 30.5 8 Feb 9.2 +0.9 -0.2 24 Jul 1203.0 773.1 highest 156%
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 19.0 +0.5 33.5 1 Jan 8.6 +1.3 -2.0 25 Jun 999.7 686.5 highest 146%
Launceston Airport 18.1 -0.1 32.5 9 Jan 7.1 +0.8 -2.8 25 Jun 845.2 630.1 v high 134%
Low Head 17.0 +0.4 27.3 3 Feb 11.2 +0.7 2.8 24 Aug 1104.0 689.6 v high 160%
Marrawah 16.6 +0.5 27.2 18 Jan 10.0 +0.6 2.5 13 Sep 1284.8 1073.7 high 120%
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 17.5 +0.2 30.5 25 Dec 8.2 +1.0 -1.0 12 Jun 1254.8 978.8 high 128%
Smithton Aerodrome 17.6 +0.4 28.8 11 Jan 8.2 +0.5 -0.2 25 Jun 1318.0 910.4 v high 145%
Wynyard Airport 17.9 +0.9 31.5 9 Jan 8.0 +0.9 -2.2 23 Aug 1457.8 986.9 highest 148%
East Coast (district 92)
Bicheno (Council Depot) 18.5 +0.7 31.0 9 Mar 10.4 +0.9 1.7 30 Jul 969.7 682.3 v high 142%
Fingal (Legge Street) 17.9 +0.1 33.6 9 Jan 6.3 +1.0 -4.1 25 May 1024.8 611.3 v high 168%
Friendly Beaches 18.8 +0.4 31.4 2 Mar 9.9 +0.5 1.1 1 Jun 1055.4 706.9 v high 149%
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 18.3 +1.4 31.7 11 Jan 11.2 +1.1 2.3 25 Jun 975.0 761.5 high 128%
Maria Island (Point Lesueur) 17.2 +0.1 28.0 13 Dec 11.0 +0.6 3.0 24 Jul 732.6 528.3 high 139%
St Helens Aerodrome 18.5 +0.5 30.5 9 Mar 9.7 +0.8 0.0 25 Jun
Swan Island 17.4 +0.3 25.4 28 Jan 12.2 +0.6 4.0 24 Jul 966.8
Swansea (Francis Street) 18.3   32.2 9 Jan 9.0   -0.7 29 Aug 927.2
Midlands (district 93)
Ross (The Boulevards) 18.0 +0.3 34.0 25 Dec 6.8 +1.2 -4.7 2 Jun 681.2 491.9 highest 138%
Southeast (district 94)
Campania (Kincora) 18.8 +0.2 33.7 13 Jan 8.4 +1.1 -1.7 18 Aug 604.0 491.6 high 123%
Cape Bruny (Cape Bruny) 16.7 +0.7 32.9 13 Jan 9.7 +0.4 2.2 13 Jul 836.8 776.7 high 108%
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 16.3 +1.4 31.7 13 Jan 10.0 +1.2 1.7 24 Jul 834.0 940.5 low 89%
Dennes Point 17.4   30.3 13 Dec 10.2   2.2 14 Jul 584.6
Dover 17.4 +0.9 31.8 13 Jan 7.5 +0.7 -0.5 18 Aug 992.4 879.2 high 113%
Dunalley (Stroud Point) 17.7   30.4 13 Dec 10.3   2.7 6 Aug 684.6
Grove (Research Station) 17.9 +0.3 36.8 13 Jan 6.8 +1.1 -3.1 2 Jun 943.0 736.9 high 128%
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 18.2 +1.3 34.4 13 Jan 9.8 +1.4 1.1 2 Jun 693.6 614.6 high 113%
Hobart Airport 18.3 +0.8 35.1 13 Jan 9.3 +1.2 0.4 24 Aug 535.2 494.5 average 108%
Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) 8.4 +0.6 24.8 13 Jan 1.9 +0.5 -6.5 13 Jul
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 14.3 +0.4 30.0 13 Jan 9.5 +0.9 2.1 24 Jul 1241.7 1228.9 average 101%
Melton Mowbray (North Stockman) 17.6 +0.2 34.4 25 Dec 7.0 +1.0 -2.6 1 Jun 562.6 453.7 v high 124%
Tasman Island 14.9 +0.5 26.3 23 Feb 9.4 +0.5 0.8 24 Jul
Tunnack Fire Station 15.5 +0.2 32.1 25 Dec 5.7 +0.6 -3.6 1 Jun 774.0 632.3 high 122%
Derwent Valley (district 95)
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 18.8 +1.1 36.1 13 Jan 6.9 +1.0 -2.8 1 Aug 671.4 573.2 high 117%
Ouse Fire Station 18.5 +0.1 35.8 25 Dec 6.8 +1.3 -2.8 3 Jun 696.0 526.7 high 132%
Central Plateau (district 96)
Butlers Gorge 13.5 +0.7 30.2 25 Dec 3.9 +0.9 -5.1 29 Aug 1974.2 1674.6 high 118%
Liawenee 12.1 0.0 27.7 25 Dec 2.2 +0.6 -9.0 1 Jun
West Coast (district 97)
Cape Sorell 16.5 +1.5 27.1 31 Jan 10.5 +1.0 3.9 13 Jul 1396.4 1316.6 average 106%
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 11.4 -0.1 32.3 13 Jan 4.2 +0.2 -3.5 13 Jul
Low Rocky Point 16.1   29.2 13 Jan 9.8   1.7 13 Sep 1617.6 1338.1 v high 121%
Scotts Peak Dam 15.4 +0.5 36.3 13 Jan 6.6 +0.4 -1.1 13 Jul 2218.6 1907.7 v high 116%
Strahan Aerodrome 17.0 +0.5 34.9 13 Jan 8.8 +0.9 -0.5 7 Jul 2024.4 1544.2 highest 131%
Warra 13.8 0.0 32.9 13 Jan 5.5 +0.2 -2.9 31 May 2285.6
King Island (district 98)
King Island Airport 17.2 +0.2 32.0 17 Mar 10.5 +0.5 2.6 5 Aug 1080.2 861.0 v high 125%
Flinders Island (district 99)
Flinders Island Airport 18.5 +0.7 32.1 23 Feb 11.0 +1.2 -0.5 13 Oct 869.4 743.7 high 117%
Hogan Island 17.5   29.3 21 Nov 11.9   2.5 24 Jul
Antarctica and Macquarie Island (district 300)
Macquarie Island 6.9 +0.3 10.8 21 Dec 3.5 +0.4 -2.9 29 Aug 1281.0 986.3 highest 130%

Notes

The Annual climate summary, generally published on the second working day of the year, lists the main features of the weather in Tasmania using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Wednesday 4 January 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries