Tasmania in 2014: a warm and dry year

Temperatures were above average across Tasmania during 2014, with daytimes especially warm. Rainfall was below average in almost all areas, with especially dry conditions on parts of the East Coast.

  • State-wide mean maximum temperature highest on record
  • Above-average daytime temperatures in most areas in most months, especially in winter and spring
  • Overnight temperatures average or above most of the time
  • Below-average rain overall, especially in the east
  • Above-average rain in July, but most months relatively dry
  • Several days of strong and damaging winds

Tasmania had another warm year in 2014: the statewide mean temperature was 0.80 °C above the 1961 to 1990 average, the second-highest since comparable records began in 1910 and the eighth consecutive above-average year. Daytime temperatures were especially warm, with the statewide mean maximum temperature the highest on record at 1.09 °C above average. A number of sites (including Hobart, Launceston and Devonport) had their highest mean daily maximum on record. There were several spells of warm weather, and although the hottest days were early in the year (peaking at 40.2 °C at Bushy Park on 14 January) the months from June to September were well above their respective averages. Overnight temperatures were also relatively mild, with the state-wide mean minimum temperature 0.52 °C above average. There was also plenty of cold weather, with Liawenee dipping to -8.7 °C on 9 June and -8.1 °C on 15 September. Several cold outbreaks brought snow to low levels, and there were below-average minimum temperatures during August, but overall warm weather dominated over colder weather.

Most months were relatively dry (the main exception being a generally wet July), and totals for the year were well down across the State. The East Coast was especially dry, and although there were few outright records several stations came close to having their driest year on record. Even in the generally wet west, rainfall was below average. The statewide mean rainfall of 1164 mm was 16% below average.

Strong and damaging winds were a feature of 2014. There were exceptionally strong winds in the first week of the year, and on 9 February gusts well in excess of 100 km/h caused widespread damage across the south. The strongest gust reported during the year was 174 km/h at Maatsuyker Island on 29 July, during a period of exceptionally strong winds in many parts of the State.

Notable events in 2014

  • Exceptionally strong and damaging winds in the south between 1 and 6 January, and again on 28 January
  • Several spells of warm to hot weather in January, February and March; the highest temperatures on 14 January
  • Widespread wind damage on 9 February
  • Thunderstorms and locally heavy rain on 15 and 19 February
  • Sharp cold snap on 20 February in the wake of a cold front
  • Record late-season warmth: Campania's 24.1 °C on 15 March was the first time a day over 24 °C has been recorded so late in Tasmania
  • Record high April temperatures at several sites
  • Cool southerly change at end of June
  • Exceptional winds at the end of July
  • A cluster of thunderstorms and wind damage in the northwest on 28 July
  • Warm and windy on 28 September, with an early-season total fire ban declared
  • Severe thunderstorms bring hail and flash flooding to Hobart on 16 December

Further information

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Extremes in 2014
Hottest day 40.2 °C at Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) on 14 Jan
Warmest days on average 19.4 °C at Launceston (Ti Tree Bend)
Coolest days on average 9.1 °C at Mount Wellington
Coldest day -3.0 °C at Mount Wellington on 10 Aug
Coldest night -8.7 °C at Liawenee on 9 Jun
Coolest nights on average 2.0 °C at Liawenee
Warmest nights on average 11.9 °C at Swan Island
Warmest night 22.3 °C at Flinders Island Airport on 15 Jan
Warmest on average overall 14.8 °C at Larapuna (Eddystone Point) and Swan Island
Coolest on average overall 5.7 °C at Mount Wellington
Wettest overall at least 3333 mm at Mount Read
Driest overall 296.4 mm at Tunbridge (Austin-Vale)
Wettest day 162.6 mm at Mount Read on 21 Feb
Strongest wind gust 174 km/h at Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse on 29 Jul

* Mount Read was affected by snow and equipment failure several times during the year, and the true total is not known. The highest confirmed total was 2706 mm at Lake Margaret Power Station


Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Monthly maps
Rainfall rankMaximum temperature rankMinimum temperature rank
January Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
February Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
March Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
April Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
May Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
June Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
July Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
August Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
September Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
October Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
November Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature
December Map of Rainfall deciles Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

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Record highest daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Mount Morriston (Macquarie River) 87.4 on 16 Feb 61.4 on 18 Jan 2010 21



Lowest annual total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Years since
lower
Annual
average
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 679.8 655.4 in 1937* 76 943.1
Avoca (Railway House) 371.8 369.5 in 1967* 45 550.9
Lunawanna 624.0 602.8 in 1982* 30 854.7
Mauriceton (Jordan River) 396.2 376.7 in 1963* 23 526.6
Zeehan (West Coast Pioneers Museum) 2123.7 1979.8 in 1985* 21 2395.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Mount Wellington 29.8 on 14 Jan 29.6 on 25 Feb 1995 36 7.8
Lake St Clair National Park 33.9 on 16 Jan 33.0 on 20 Jan 1997 25 13.1



Record highest annual mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 18.3 18.2 in 2010 130 16.9
Cape Sorell 16.5 = 16.5 in 2013 72 15.0
Hobart Airport 18.5 18.4 in 2007 55 17.5
Flinders Island Airport 18.9 18.7 in 1988 50 17.7
Butlers Gorge 14.2 14.0 in 1972 48 12.8
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 19.4 19.2 in 2007 29 18.5
Mount Wellington 9.1 = 9.1 in 2005 29 7.8
Fingal (Legge Street) 18.7 18.6 in 1988 27 17.8
Dover 17.3 17.0 in 2005 24 16.4
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 14.9 14.5 in 2007 24 13.9
Wynyard Airport 17.8 = 17.8 in 2009 24 17.0
Devonport Airport 17.7 17.5 in 2010 22 16.9
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 16.3 = 16.3 in 2001 20 15.7

 

Highest annual mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Orford (Aubin Court) 18.0 18.6 in 1982 32 17.6
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 14.5 14.6 in 1989 25 13.9
Geeveston (Cemetery Road) 17.7 18.0 in 1989* 24 16.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Record highest annual mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 9.5 = 9.5 in 2007 76 8.6
Cape Sorell 10.5 10.3 in 2013 72 9.5
Marrawah 10.0 = 10.0 in 1999 42 9.3
Mount Wellington 2.2 = 2.2 in 1999 29 1.4



Record highest annual mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Annual
average
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 13.8 = 13.8 in 2013 130 12.6
Cape Sorell 13.5 13.4 in 2013 71 12.2
Hobart Airport 13.6 = 13.6 in 2007 55 12.8
Butlers Gorge 8.8 8.7 in 1961 47 7.9
Mount Wellington 5.7 5.5 in 2005 29 4.6
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 9.5 = 9.5 in 2007 24 9.0
Wynyard Airport 12.7 = 12.7 in 2009 24 12.0
Devonport Airport 13.2 = 13.2 in 2007 22 12.6
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 13.7 = 13.7 in 2000 20 13.1

Highest annual mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Years since
higher
Annual
average
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 12.0 =12.0 in 1981 33 11.3
Burnie (Round Hill) 14.1 14.3 in 1988 26 13.1
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 12.5 12.6 in 1988 26 11.8
Flinders Island Airport 14.6 14.7 in 1988* 24 13.8
Macquarie Island 5.3 5.6 in 1989* 24 4.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for 2014
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean
for
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest
for
2014
Mean
for
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest
for
2014
Total
for
2014
Average
annual
total
Rank
of
2014
Fraction
of annual
average
Northern (district 91)
Burnie (Round Hill) 17.8 +0.9 30.2 18 Jan 10.4 +1.1 1.9 11 Aug
Cape Grim 16.0   27.6 28 Jan 11.0   2.3 2 Aug 736.0
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 16.3 +0.6 27.4 28 Jan 11.0 +0.4 3.0 2 Aug 728.0 776.8 average 94%
Cressy Research Station 18.6 +0.4 35.4 14 Jan 5.8 +0.1 -4.8 12 Aug 487.4 637.3 low 76%
Devonport Airport 17.7 +0.8 27.4 9 Feb 8.7 +0.5 -0.8 12 Aug 569.7 768.9 v low 74%
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 19.4 +0.9 34.6 14 Jan 7.6 +0.3 -2.4 12 Aug 592.1 679.3 low 87%
Launceston Airport 18.7   35.7 14 Jan 6.3   -3.2 12 Aug 548.0 623.5 average 88%
Low Head 17.2 +0.6 25.9 2 Feb 10.8 +0.3 2.6 12 Aug 550.4 674.4 v low 82%
Marrawah     32.8 15 Jan 10.0 +0.7 2.0 2 Aug
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 18.0 +0.7 33.8 15 Jan 7.6 +0.4 -2.0 30 Jun 734.4 978.9 low 75%
Sheffield School Farm 16.7 +0.5 32.2 15 Jan 7.0 +0.2 -1.2 12 Aug 953.8
Smithton Aerodrome 17.8 +0.6 34.1 15 Jan 7.9 +0.2 -1.2 7 May 769.8 898.3 v low 86%
Wynyard Airport 17.8 +0.8 31.8 15 Jan 7.6 +0.6 -2.4 12 Aug 755.8 983.1 v low 77%
East Coast (district 92)
Bicheno (Council Depot) 18.5 +0.7 33.0 9 Feb 10.1 +0.6 3.0 13 Jul 483.3 679.9 low 71%
Fingal (Legge Street) 18.7 +0.9 37.5 14 Jan 5.3 0.0 -4.9 12 Aug 433.2 608.9 low 71%
Friendly Beaches 19.2 +0.8 37.3 9 Feb 9.6 +0.2 1.0 22 Jul 565.8
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 14.9 +1.0 33.0 14 Jan 4.2 +0.2 -6.1 12 Aug 493.4 826.5 v low 60%
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 18.4 +1.2 31.6 9 Feb 11.1 +0.7 2.1 11 Aug 519.2 762.2 v low 68%
Maria Island (Point Lesueur) 17.4   32.2 9 Feb 10.8   3.4 11 Aug
Orford (Aubin Court) 18.0 +0.4 36.4 28 Jan 8.4 +0.6 -0.8 24 Jul 437.5 667.5 low 66%
St Helens Aerodrome 18.8 +0.9 35.6 9 Feb 9.2 +0.3 0.2 12 Aug 501.0 672.2 low 75%
Swan Island 17.8 +0.8 29.4 9 Feb 11.9 +0.4 3.2 12 Aug 575.4
Swansea (Francis Street) 18.9   38.6 9 Feb 8.3   -1.0 3 Aug 348.4
Midlands (district 93)
Ross (The Boulevards) 18.4 +0.8 37.1 14 Jan     -6.1 12 Aug 363.8 489.0 low 74%
Southeast (district 94)
Campania (Kincora) 19.1 +0.5 39.2 14 Jan 7.5 +0.3 -1.7 9 Jun 436.2 494.9 average 88%
Cape Bruny (Cape Bruny) 16.4 +0.5 29.7 11 Mar 9.5 +0.2 3.4 11 Aug
Cape Bruny Lighthouse     29.1 28 Jan 9.5 +0.7 0.8 1 Aug 679.8 943.1 v low 72%
Dennes Point 17.5   37.7 28 Jan 9.7   2.2 3 Aug 396.6
Dover 17.3 +0.9 35.1 28 Jan 7.0 +0.2 -0.5 30 May 735.6 877.8 low 84%
Dunalley (Stroud Point) 17.7   38.1 28 Jan 10.1   2.6 9 Jun 498.0
Geeveston (Cemetery Road) 17.7 +0.8 37.4 28 Jan 6.5 +0.3 -1.7 21 Jul 788.6 881.1 low 90%
Grove (Research Station) 18.0   38.3 14 Jan 6.0   -2.4 19 Aug 656.0 721.4 average 91%
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 18.3 +1.4 38.9 28 Jan 9.3 +1.0 1.2 9 Jun 484.2 614.7 low 79%
Hobart Airport 18.5 +1.0 39.7 28 Jan 8.6 +0.5 0.5 9 Jun 433.8 495.8 average 87%
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 14.5 +0.6 30.3 17 Jan 9.5 +0.9 3.1 11 Aug 1044.2 1228.8 low 85%
Melton Mowbray (North Stockman) 18.0 +0.6 40.1 14 Jan 5.9 -0.1 -4.9 9 Jun 438.2 451.5 average 97%
Mount Wellington 9.1 +1.3 29.8 14 Jan 2.2 +0.8 -5.8 11 Aug
Tasman Island 14.8 +0.4 30.9 9 Feb 9.3 +0.4 1.9 11 Aug 781.6 817.1 average 96%
Tunnack Fire Station 15.9 +0.6 35.3 14 Jan 5.0 -0.1 -5.2 14 Oct 466.4 636.8 low 73%
Derwent Valley (district 95)
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 18.9 +1.2 40.2 14 Jan 6.0 +0.1 -2.4 9 Jun
Maydena Post Office 16.7 +0.6 37.2 14 Jan 5.5 +0.1 -2.4 14 Oct 990.1 1162.5 v low 85%
Ouse Fire Station 18.8 +0.4 39.6 14 Jan 5.5 0.0 -4.1 19 Aug 481.6 513.6 average 94%
Central Plateau (district 96)
Butlers Gorge 14.2 +1.4 33.8 14 Jan 3.5 +0.5 -6.5 7 Sep 1437.4 1674.5 low 86%
Liawenee 12.8 +0.8 32.3 16 Jan 2.0 +0.4 -8.7 9 Jun 735.4
West Coast (district 97)
Cape Sorell 16.5 +1.5 32.5 14 Jan 10.5 +1.0 3.8 2 Aug
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 12.1 +0.6 34.9 14 Jan 4.4 +0.4 -2.6 2 Aug
Low Rocky Point 16.2   33.9 17 Jan 9.5   3.0 6 Oct 1282.4 1334.8 average 96%
Mount Read 9.4 +0.7 30.4 16 Jan 3.2 +0.5 -3.9 11 Aug
Scotts Peak Dam 15.9 +1.0 38.6 14 Jan 6.5 +0.3 -0.4 9 May 1716.6
King Island (district 98)
King Island Airport 17.7 +0.8 37.6 28 Jan 10.4 +0.5 2.5 23 Jul 686.8 861.5 v low 80%
Flinders Island (district 99)
Flinders Island Airport 18.9 +1.2 39.4 9 Feb 10.3 +0.5 -1.3 12 Aug 530.4 741.7 v low 72%
Antarctica and Macquarie Island (district 300)
Macquarie Island 7.0 +0.4 11.2 19 Feb 3.5 +0.4 -3.9 25 May 993.0 976.9 average 102%

Notes

The annual climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Tasmania using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Tuesday 6 January 2015. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries