New South Wales in October 2019: warm days, rain below average

October was another dry month for much of New South Wales, although there were some showers near the coast. Warm to hot days were common, including some record high temperatures early in the month. There were several cool nights, especially in the south and the northeast.

Another dry month for much of the State

  • Rainfall was again below average over much of New South Wales
  • Almost all of the State had below average rain, with large areas very much below average and patches of record low (several sites in the west had their lowest total October rainfall on record)
  • Much of the western half of the State had little or no rain for month, althugh rain in northern parts of the west near the end of the month meant near-average October totals there
  • Rainfall was close to average in many areas near the coast apart from the far north coast
  • The total rainfall over the State was about one-quarter the October average, making it the fifth-driest October on record and the driest since 2006
  • New South Wales has received less than half its average rainfall for the year so far, the driest first 10 months of the year since 1940; every month apart from March has seen markedly less rainfall than average

Warm to hot days

  • Daytime temperatures were above average across almost all of the State
  • There were several bursts of warm to hot weather, most notably from the 6th to the 8th, when Casino, Grafton and Kempsey all exceeded 40 °C and several inland sites had their highest October temperature on record
  • A cool change brought a period of relatively cool weather for much of the State between the 9th and the 13th
  • More hot weather in the final week broke records at Bathurst, Braidwood and Bombala
  • Strong winds combined with ongoing dry weather to create areas of raised dust and dangerous fire weather conditions several times during the month
  • The State's mean maximum temperature was 3.28 °C above average, the fourth-warmest October on record (but much cooler than the record-setting October 2015)
  • Night-time temperatures were above average across much of the west, but below average in the south and in the northeast
  • The morning of the 25th was especially warm in the southwest, and the morning of the 26th was warm in the northeast; several sites had their warmest October night (highest daily minimum temperature) on record
  • The State's mean minimum temperature was 1.27 °C above average, more than a degree cooler than it was in October 2018
  • The overall mean temperature was 2.28 °C above average, the fourth-warmest October on record
  • It has been the warmest January–October on record for New South Wales for overall mean temperature and for mean maximum temperature, with the mean minimum temperature second only to 2016

Further information

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Extremes in October 2019
Hottest day 40.7 °C at Casino Airport AWS on the 8th
Warmest days on average 32.7 °C at Mungindi Post Office
Coolest days on average 11.9 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Coldest day 0.6 °C at Thredbo AWS on the 17th
Coldest night -7.6 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on the 10th
Coolest nights on average 0.8 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 16.8 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Warmest night 26.5 °C at Noona AWS on the 25th
Warmest on average overall 23.8 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Coolest on average overall 6.3 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Wettest overall 102.4 mm at Thredbo Village
Driest overall 0 mm at numerous sites in the west
Wettest day 59.0 mm at Comboyne (Public School) on the 13th
Strongest wind gust 124 km/h at Murrurundi Gap AWS on the 26th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest October total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Quambone Station 0.1 1.0 in 2002 119 35.3
Croppa Creek (Krui Plains) 1.4 2.0 in 1946 106 45.2
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 15.0 16.8 in 2013 61 71.8
Clunes (Flatley Drive) 4.2 6.4 in 1968 58 95.3
Uralla (Blue Nobby) 16.0 17.2 in 1977 57 73.5
Cessnock Airport AWS 2.8 4.0 in 2012 31 52.2
Ballina Airport AWS 5.0 11.4 in 2016 27 99.2
Walgett Airport AWS 0.0 0.2 in 2014 27 37.3
Moree Aero 7.2 9.6 in 2015 25 45.7
Coonamble Airport AWS 0.2 1.0 in 2012 23 41.2
McLeans Ridges (Lascott Drive) 4.7 12.4 in 2014 20 98.1

Lowest October total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Collarenebri (Albert St) 0.2 0.0 in 1944 37.7
Weabonga (Stoneleigh) 9.0 8.6 in 1957 74.3
Rosebank (Repentance Creek) 9.8 0.0 in 1962* 118.8
Broke (Harrowby) 1.8 1.2 in 1988* 50.6
Barraba (Mount Lindsay) 22.4 21.6 in 1988* 84.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest October temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 31.8 on the 7th 31.0 on the 27th in 2014 46 20.2
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 31.4 on the 31st 30.4 on the 14th in 2006 29 19.3
Bathurst Airport AWS 31.5 on the 25th 31.2 on the 6th in 2015 28 20.5
Bombala AWS 30.2 on the 31st 29.6 on the 21st in 2007 28 17.8
Cooma Airport AWS 29.3 on the 31st = 29.3 on the 27th in 1997 28 18.3
Young Airport 35.0 on the 6th 34.4 on the 24th in 2014 28 22.2
Armidale Airport AWS 31.9 on the 7th 31.6 on the 26th in 2014 26 20.5
Casino Airport AWS 40.7 on the 8th 39.4 on the 20th in 2012 25 27.5
Cootamundra Airport 34.9 on the 6th 34.6 on the 13th in 2006 25 22.4
Forbes Airport AWS 38.3 on the 6th 37.0 on the 25th in 2014 24 25.0
Orange Airport AWS 28.9 on the 6th 28.7 on the 14th in 2006 24 18.3
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 32.4 on the 7th = 32.4 on the 26th in 2014 23 21.3



Record highest October mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Inverell Research Centre 27.3 27.0 in 2014 61 23.3
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 24.5 24.4 in 2002 47 21.2
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 24.1 23.5 in 1988 45 20.2
Guyra Hospital 21.8 21.5 in 2014 35 18.6
Mount Boyce AWS 20.6 20.5 in 2015 27 17.8
Scone Airport AWS 29.2 28.8 in 2014 27 25.3
Tamworth Airport AWS 29.0 28.9 in 2014 27 25.5
Armidale Airport AWS 23.4 23.1 in 2015 25 20.5
Inverell (Raglan St) 27.6 = 27.6 in 2015 24 24.8
Glen Innes Airport AWS 24.1 23.7 in 2014 23 21.2
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 24.4 24.1 in 2014 22 21.3



Record highest October daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 24.4 on the 25th 23.5 on the 31st in 2008 55 9.6
Lake Cargelligo Airport 23.8 on the 25th 22.1 on the 25th in 2006 49 10.5
Tocumwal Airport 21.0 on the 25th 20.5 on the 24th in 2011 49 8.8
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 16.3 on the 26th 15.2 on the 8th in 2002 48 5.2
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 21.5 on the 26th 21.0 on the 12th in 1996 47 11.5
Scone Airport AWS 24.5 on the 26th 22.0 on the 8th in 2002 28 9.6
Tamworth Airport AWS 21.3 on the 26th 19.8 on the 23rd in 2013 28 9.6
Armidale Airport AWS 16.1 on the 7th 15.5 on the 30th in 2017 26 7.3
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 21.0 on the 26th 20.5 on the 29th in 2007 25 12.2
Moree Aero 24.2 on the 17th 22.0 on the 30th in 2005 25 12.8
Richmond RAAF 20.5 on the 26th 19.5 on the 23rd in 2013 25 11.2
Badgerys Creek AWS 20.9 on the 26th 18.6 on the 23rd in 2013 24 10.5
Narrandera Airport AWS 24.2 on the 25th 22.3 on the 13th in 1977 24 9.2
Deniliquin Airport AWS 23.1 on the 25th 22.2 on the 16th in 2015 23 8.5
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 21.6 on the 26th 20.4 on the 18th in 1998 23 11.8
West Wyalong Airport AWS 23.3 on the 25th 21.6 on the 25th in 2006 21 9.0
Yanco Agricultural Institute 24.8 on the 25th 22.2 on the 21st in 2013 21 10.6
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 26.4 on the 25th 25.1 on the 19th in 2017 20 12.0



Record lowest October temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Deniliquin Airport AWS -0.6 on the 1st -0.3 on the 9th in 2003 23 8.5



Record highest October mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 15.7 = 15.7 in 2018 47 13.2



Summary statistics for October 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2019
Mean for
October
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2019
Total for
October
2019
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2019
Fraction of
October
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 29.7 +1.2 38.9 5th 13.9 +0.6 6.5 18th 0 11.9 v low 0%
Smithville AWS 30.7   38.8 5th 14.0   5.8 18th 0
Tibooburra Airport 30.9 +1.5 38.7 5th 16.7 +1.4 9.9 10th 0 13.6 lowest 0%
Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS) 30.5   39.2 6th 15.9   8.8 12th 1.2
White Cliffs AWS 30.1 +0.9 39.4 6th 15.2 +0.4 8.8 18th 0.2 15.4 v low 1%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 29.9 +1.5 39.7 5th 12.0 +0.1 3.6 1st 0 20.8 lowest 0%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 27.8 +2.2 37.9 5th 13.1 +1.5 5.0 9th 0.6 24.0 v low 3%
Lake Victoria Storage 26.4 +2.5 37.0 24th 10.2 -0.4 4.1 9th 0.2 26.1 v low 1%
Menindee Post Office 29.3 +2.6 40.0 5th 12.4 +1.0 4.4 1st 1.1 22.3 v low 5%
Mulurulu AWS 27.9   38.1 24th 11.2   3.0 18th 0.2
Pooncarie Mail Agency 28.7 +1.3 39.2 5th 11.3 +0.3 3.0 18th 0.2 25.5 v low 1%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 31.1 +1.3 40.1 6th 14.0 +0.1 5.3 18th 6.4 23.5 average 27%
Brewarrina Hospital 31.6 +2.6 39.4 6th 13.4 +0.5 6.9 18th 0 29.2 lowest 0%
Cobar Airport AWS 29.2 +2.3 38.7 6th 12.0 +0.3 4.0 18th 1.2 29.3 low 4%
Cobar MO 29.0 +2.7 38.7 6th 14.2 +1.4 6.3 9th 0.6 33.7 v low 2%
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 30.9 +1.4 39.3 6th 14.8 +0.4 8.0 19th 0.4 38.2 v low 1%
Noona AWS 29.1   38.5 6th 14.3   7.4 9th 0.4
Wanaaring (Delta AWS) 30.6   39.3 6th 13.6   4.2 18th 4.2
Wanaaring Post Office 31.3 +1.7 39.2 6th 13.3 0.0 5.2 18th 2.6 21.0 low 12%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 26.9 +2.3 37.4 24th 10.1 +0.2 2.0 18th 1.4 30.0 v low 5%
Euabalong (Mount Hope AWS) 27.9   36.2 24th 10.3   1.6 18th 0.2
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 28.6 +1.4 37.8 24th 13.0 +1.0 6.3 10th 0.8 16.8 low 5%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 27.5 +2.4 37.7 6th 11.6 +2.0 4.2 18th 1.6 46.5 v low 3%
Condobolin Airport AWS 28.4 +2.8 38.4 6th 11.7 +2.2 4.5 18th 1.8 35.4 v low 5%
Peak Hill Post Office 28.1 +3.2 37.0 7th 12.7 +1.2 5.4 9th 19.2 47.8 low 40%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 27.0 +2.3 37.1 6th 10.4 +1.4 3.9 18th 4.4 41.2 low 11%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.8 +2.1 38.2 7th 12.9 +1.5 5.9 12th 0.2 41.2 lowest 0%
Girilambone (Okeh) AWS 29.7   39.1 6th 14.4   7.0 18th 0.2
Trangie Research Station AWS 29.1 +3.7 37.6 6th 12.9 +2.6 5.1 18th 2.2 44.9 v low 5%
Walgett (Brewon AWS) 30.9   39.7 6th 13.0   4.9 9th 0
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 32.7 +3.6 40.1 16th 14.3 +0.8 7.6 19th 0.2 38.2 v low 1%
Walgett Airport AWS 31.2 +2.1 39.6 7th 12.2 +0.1 4.3 12th 0 37.3 lowest 0%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 30.9 +2.8 39.5 7th 14.5 +1.7 7.7 18th 7.2 45.7 lowest 16%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba (Clifton Lane) 28.1 +2.8 36.0 7th 9.1 +0.9 2.4 19th 21.8 62.4 low 35%
Narrabri Airport AWS 30.3 +2.1 39.7 7th 13.5 +1.3 5.3 9th 4.6 36.6 v low 13%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 29.8 +2.3 38.5 7th 10.7 +0.8 2.4 18th 5.2 42.9 v low 12%
Quirindi Post Office 29.1 +3.7 36.4 7th 10.1 +1.3 3.4 18th 26.0 59.1 low 44%
Tamworth Airport AWS 29.0 +3.5 37.9 7th 10.9 +1.3 2.9 9th 29.8 54.6 low 55%
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 24.5 +3.3 32.2 7th 6.9 +1.7 -1.4 19th 15.0 71.8 lowest 21%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 24.4 +3.1 32.4 7th 5.5 -0.4 -1.0 19th 24.2 65.7 v low 37%
Armidale Airport AWS 23.4 +2.9 31.9 7th 8.0 +0.7 0.1 9th 22.4 70.9 v low 32%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 24.1 +3.9 31.8 7th 7.3 +0.1 1.8 10th 27.7 74.9 v low 37%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 24.1 +2.9 31.7 7th 5.2 -0.5 -2.4 9th 31.6 78.5 low 40%
Guyra Hospital 21.8 +3.2 28.7 7th 6.5 0.0 0.4 9th 23.8 74.6 v low 32%
Inverell (Raglan St) 27.6 +2.8 35.1 7th 7.5 -0.6 1.5 18th 29.4 68.7 v low 43%
Inverell Research Centre 27.3 +4.0 35.1 7th 11.2 +0.9 6.3 18th 31.2 75.2 low 41%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 25.0 +2.6 33.1 7th 6.6 -1.4 1.2 3rd 25.0 76.2 v low 33%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 26.5 +2.6 36.3 7th 12.8 +0.2 6.2 12th 21.2 91.2 v low 23%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 24.9 0.0 32.4 8th 14.1 0.0 7.3 3rd 5.0 99.2 lowest 5%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 23.2 -0.5 28.0 19th 16.8 -0.1 11.3 13th 18.0 91.4 low 20%
Casino Airport AWS 29.0 +1.5 40.7 8th 11.8 -1.7 6.3 3rd 25.0 66.4 low 38%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 26.2 +0.6 35.9 17th 14.7 -0.5 9.8 3rd 32.0 89.4 low 36%
Grafton Airport AWS 27.9 +1.3 38.9 7th 11.5 -1.4 6.6 3rd 24.0 67.6 average 36%
Grafton Research Stn 28.8 +1.7 40.6 7th 13.4 0.0 10.3 5th 20.4 62.2 low 33%
Lismore Airport AWS 28.5 +1.3 40.3 8th     5.9 3rd 6.4 87.3 v low 7%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 26.9 +0.6 37.0 8th 13.5 -0.7 8.7 4th 29.8 108.0 low 28%
Yamba Pilot Station 24.0 +0.6 27.3 17th 15.7 +0.3 12.0 3rd 31.4 79.0 low 40%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 23.9   32.8 17th 13.7   9.1 9th 73.6
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 22.2 +1.0 32.5 7th 9.1 -0.8 5.0 23rd 68.5 117.6 average 58%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 24.5 +1.2 30.5 17th 14.7 -0.5 10.5 13th 72.8 92.0 average 79%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 22.8 0.0 35.6 26th 14.4 +0.4 10.5 14th 45.0 78.4 average 57%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.9 +0.8 36.7 17th 11.0 -1.1 5.2 18th 47.4 75.4 low 63%
Taree Airport AWS 25.4 +0.6 36.7 26th 10.2 -1.8 5.4 2nd 41.8 78.4 low 53%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 28.1 +2.5 38.2 7th 11.0 -0.5 7.0 19th 94.6 128.7 average 74%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 27.5 +2.2 35.6 25th 9.1 -0.8 2.4 19th 2.8 52.2 lowest 5%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 24.6 +0.3 34.9 25th 10.0 -1.0 4.4 19th 29.2 77.3 v low 38%
Gosford AWS 24.2   35.9 25th 12.2   7.4 19th 49.8
Maitland Airport AWS 27.2   35.4 25th 10.2   4.2 19th 15.8
Mangrove Mountain AWS 24.7 +1.9 34.9 25th 10.7 -0.8 6.3 20th 20.6 73.9 low 28%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 28.1 +2.7 35.8 7th 9.4 +0.9 2.2 9th 6.4 49.2 low 13%
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 28.1   36.3 7th 8.7   2.6 19th 27.3
Murrurundi Gap AWS 24.5 +2.9 33.3 7th 11.7 +0.7 5.0 9th 25.8 47.6 low 54%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 23.4 +0.2 32.1 26th 14.8 +0.7 11.5 9th 45.7 77.9 average 59%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 22.4 +0.3 33.6 4th 15.2 +1.1 11.9 2nd 50.2 72.6 average 69%
Newcastle University 25.3 +0.4 35.4 25th 13.1 -0.3 9.1 2nd 32.2 64.5 low 50%
Norah Head AWS 24.3 +1.6 34.3 25th 14.9 0.0 11.8 9th 63.8 63.9 average 100%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 27.6 +2.5 36.4 25th 10.8 -0.7 6.0 20th 17.0 65.4 low 26%
Scone Airport AWS 29.2 +3.9 38.7 7th 10.5 +0.9 5.3 9th 15.8 46.5 low 34%
Singleton Defence AWS 28.3   36.2 25th 12.9   8.3 9th 0.4
Williamtown RAAF 25.4 +1.6 36.1 25th 11.2 -0.8 6.0 19th 45.0 73.5 average 61%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Mudgee Airport AWS 26.7 +3.6 33.9 25th 8.2 +0.5 1.6 9th 5.0 49.3 v low 10%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 23.8 +3.8 31.2 6th 5.9 -0.3 0.2 19th 13.8 58.6 v low 24%
Bathurst Airport AWS 23.9 +3.4 31.5 25th 6.4 +0.2 0.8 18th 23.6 51.7 low 46%
Katoomba (Farnells Rd) 20.7 +2.9 28.0 25th 7.5 -0.3 2.1 9th 56.8 91.5 average 62%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 21.5 +1.8 28.4 6th 5.2 -1.2 -1.3 20th 9.9 62.0 v low 16%
Marrangaroo (Defence) 21.9   29.1 25th 3.4   -2.7 20th 7.8
Mount Boyce AWS 20.6 +2.8 28.0 31st 8.6 +1.0 2.0 9th 23.8 67.7 low 35%
Orange Airport AWS 21.1 +2.8 28.9 6th 5.6 0.0 0.3 28th 20.2 70.3 low 29%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 24.7 +1.0 34.3 25th 11.6 -0.1 7.6 9th 66.2 73.2 average 90%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 27.0 +2.7 34.0 7th 8.2 +1.0 1.6 19th 8.0 58.4 v low 14%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 26.0 +2.3 33.9 7th 12.7 +1.2 5.9 9th 11.8 43.8 low 27%
Dunedoo Post Office 28.5 +4.0 35.5 6th 10.2 +1.0 2.7 9th 3.0 51.6 v low 6%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 26.9 +2.6 35.3 6th 8.3 +1.3 0.3 9th 7.0 36.9 v low 19%
Dubbo Airport AWS 28.7 +3.6 37.0 6th 11.1 +1.6 2.5 9th 1.6 45.6 v low 4%
Forbes Airport AWS 27.7 +2.7 38.3 6th 9.2 +0.5 1.8 9th 2.8 39.1 low 7%
Parkes Airport AWS 26.6 +2.4 36.7 6th 7.2 -0.5 -1.0 9th 13.4 49.7 low 27%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 27.9 +3.0 35.4 6th 7.6 -1.0 0.0 9th 28.8 55.8 average 52%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 25.8 +1.9 36.3 25th 11.9 0.0 7.5 19th 21.6 60.1 low 36%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 24.6 +1.1 35.4 25th 11.5 -0.7 7.0 19th 27.4 62.8 average 44%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 25.4   36.1 25th 10.8   6.1 20th 24.0
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 25.6 +1.6 35.5 25th 11.5 -0.5 7.5 20th 38.2 68.1 average 56%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 24.4 +2.2 37.2 25th 14.7 +1.1 10.6 9th 34.2 76.7 low 45%
Sydney Airport AMO 25.2 +2.5 38.2 25th 14.7 +1.4 10.2 9th 26.0 70.1 low 37%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 21.7 +0.6 33.8 25th 15.4 0.0 11.6 9th
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 25.8   36.3 25th 12.3   8.1 19th 28.6
Terrey Hills AWS 23.1 +0.5 34.7 25th 12.9 -0.3 9.1 20th 55.4 79.0 average 70%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 26.3 +1.4 36.1 25th 10.4 -0.1 5.2 20th 13.0 52.1 low 25%
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 26.0 +1.3 36.2 25th 11.6 -0.2 6.8 18th 30.8 57.6 low 53%
Penrith Lakes AWS 27.8 +2.0 38.3 25th 12.0 -0.2 7.7 19th 25.8 54.8 average 47%
Richmond RAAF 27.1 +1.8 35.9 25th 10.9 -0.3 6.2 20th 44.6 50.0 average 89%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 23.6 +0.6 36.4 25th 10.3 -0.5 5.3 19th 47.0 65.7 average 72%
Bellambi AWS 22.1 +0.5 34.1 25th 13.4 -0.7 10.0 20th 65.6 73.2 average 90%
Camden Airport AWS 26.9 +2.6 36.9 25th 9.6 -0.4 3.4 19th 19.4 60.9 low 32%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 26.7 +1.8 37.0 25th 9.9 -0.5 4.7 20th 12.6 42.8 v low 29%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 21.3   29.9 25th 9.3   2.6 9th 30.4
Holsworthy Defence AWS 25.7   37.2 25th 10.7   6.4 20th 18.8
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 20.9 -0.1 32.9 25th 13.7 +0.1 10.5 12th 65.4 76.3 average 86%
Jervis Bay NSW (Jervis Bay Airfield AWS) 21.5   35.6 25th 12.0   8.1 13th 80.4
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 22.4 +0.9 34.8 25th 13.7 -0.2 10.4 20th 35.0 80.8 low 43%
Moss Vale AWS 21.7 +2.2 30.0 25th 7.2 -0.6 1.1 13th 17.6 43.8 low 40%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 24.4 +1.2 35.7 25th 10.7 0.0 6.9 9th 32.8 63.5 low 52%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 24.2 +2.3 35.4 31st 6.7 -1.8 0.1 20th 18.2 46.5 low 39%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 22.1 +2.8 31.4 31st 4.9 -0.8 -1.3 10th 27.6 53.3 low 52%
Green Cape AWS 19.7 +0.6 24.6 30th 11.9 -0.3 8.1 1st 24.4 45.9 low 53%
Merimbula Airport AWS 21.0 +0.3 32.7 25th 7.9 -1.1 3.2 1st 8.0 51.4 v low 16%
Montague Island Lighthouse 19.3 +0.4 31.4 25th 13.5 +0.7 10.7 9th 34.4 63.1 average 55%
Moruya Airport AWS 20.8 -0.8 35.6 25th 8.6 -0.9 3.2 20th 49.8 73.7 average 68%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 19.9 -0.3 34.4 25th 10.8 +0.1 6.9 10th 52.8 77.7 average 68%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 20.3 +0.7 34.5 25th 10.9 -0.4 7.0 20th 28.7 72.7 low 39%
Nerriga AWS 22.8   31.6 31st 6.1   -0.8 20th 29.8
Ulladulla AWS 20.6 -0.1 33.5 25th 12.5 +0.1 8.8 13th 32.8 81.0 low 40%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 21.3 +2.4 30.6 6th 3.1 -1.6 -2.2 20th 18.2 55.0 low 33%
Bombala AWS 20.0 +2.2 30.2 31st 3.2 -1.7 -2.3 1st 20.4 49.0 low 42%
Canberra Airport 23.6 +2.0 31.7 31st 6.2 +0.2 -0.2 20th 27.6 42.1 average 66%
Cooma Airport AWS 20.7 +2.4 29.3 31st 2.8 -0.7 -2.4 20th 20.8 43.5 low 48%
Goulburn Airport AWS 22.6 +2.7 30.8 31st 4.3 -0.9 -0.1 10th 26.6 48.7 low 55%
Goulburn TAFE 22.6 +2.7 31.7 31st 7.4 +0.3 1.9 10th 14.2 51.6 v low 28%
Mount Ginini AWS 13.6 +0.8 22.1 31st 3.6 +0.6 -3.2 9th 49.8 70.3 average 71%
Taralga Post Office 21.7 +3.2 29.5 31st 4.5 -0.9 -1.0 20th 26.1 69.1 low 38%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 23.3 +2.3 31.2 31st 6.1 -0.3 -0.2 20th 23.4 49.3 low 47%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 11.9   21.1 30th 0.8   -7.6 10th 94.0 168.8 low 56%
Thredbo Village 15.9 +2.4 23.5 31st     -4.5 11th 102.4 177.9 low 58%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 24.1 +2.2 32.8 24th 7.7 -0.4 2.5 9th 15.2 47.1 low 32%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 13.5 +1.1 21.7 31st 5.2 +1.0 -2.4 9th 35.0 95.1 low 37%
Hume Reservoir 23.8 +2.7 32.1 30th 9.4 +0.2 1.9 9th 16.4 66.9 low 25%
Khancoban AWS 22.5 +1.4 31.0 31st 5.7 -0.7 0.7 9th 43.0 68.6 average 63%
Tumbarumba Post Office 22.3 +2.7 30.5 31st 4.6 -0.7 -0.7 9th 26.0 94.1 low 28%
Wagga Wagga AMO 26.0 +4.3 34.7 6th 8.2 +0.4 0.3 9th 7.6 55.8 v low 14%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 24.2 +3.7 33.5 31st 8.5 +0.1 2.8 20th 19.0 83.9 v low 23%
Cootamundra Airport 25.2 +2.8 34.9 6th 5.9 -0.2 -1.5 9th 11.2 43.7 v low 26%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 25.9 +3.2 35.4 6th 8.0 -0.9 1.8 9th 7.4 53.7 v low 14%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 25.7 +3.1 34.0 8th     1.0 9th 11.6 49.4 v low 23%
Temora Airport 26.7 +2.0 37.1 6th 7.2 0.0 -0.8 18th 5.4 32.2 v low 17%
Young Airport 25.7 +3.5 35.0 6th 5.3 -0.1 -1.4 20th 20.2 43.7 low 46%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 25.6 +3.3 35.0 24th     1.0 9th 8.8 51.3 v low 17%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 26.1 +2.3 36.7 24th 8.4 -0.1 -0.6 1st 5.6 32.0 low 18%
Kapooka (Defence) 26.8   35.5 24th 8.0   -0.1 9th 7.8
Narrandera Airport AWS 27.6 +3.2 36.3 24th 9.4 +0.2 2.6 18th 8.0 39.1 v low 20%
Tocumwal Airport 25.7 +3.0 35.8 24th 8.7 -0.1 1.2 1st 12.1 42.6 low 28%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 27.3 +2.5 36.1 24th 11.3 +0.7 2.9 9th 7.0 36.4 low 19%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 27.5 +3.3 36.7 24th 10.0 +0.9 1.9 18th 4.4 37.9 v low 12%
Hay Airport AWS 27.4 +1.0 38.2 24th 10.3 +0.5 2.1 1st 4.8 19.3 v low 25%
Hillston Airport 28.1 +3.3 37.0 24th 12.0 +1.6 5.6 1st 2.2 35.6 v low 6%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 28.3 +2.7 38.0 6th 12.5 +2.0 5.4 18th 0 38.7 lowest 0%
Note: From 2017, information about Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 November 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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