New South Wales in October 2018: very warm nights and wet along the coast

For New South Wales as a whole, October was warm. The mean, maximum and minimum temperatures were all over 2 degrees warmer than average, and it was the second-warmest October on record for minimum temperature. Rainfall was slightly above average for the State as a whole, although along the coast (north of Wollongong), many areas received more than twice their monthly average due to heavy falls associated with thunderstorms.

Significant rainfall for coastal regions

  • State-wide, rainfall was 10% above the October average; the first month of 2018 where rainfall was above the monthly average
  • Troughs and low pressure systems brought thunderstorms and rain to much of New South Wales during October. The highest falls were concentrated along the northern two thirds of the east coast, where some sites had their highest October daily rainfall on record or their highest total October rainfall on record
  • Many sites in the Northern Rivers, Hunter and Metropolitan districts had their highest total October rainfall for at least 20 years
  • In contrast, below average falls were experienced across the South West Slopes and reaching into adjacent districts, as well as the far west region of the Upper Western district

Very warm October nights

Severe thunderstorms

  • Thunderstorms developed over western New South Wales from the 3rd, producing locally heavy falls at Broken Hill, Pooncarie, Menindee and Ivanhoe. The rain received at many towns was more than the total amount of rain received in the previous 9 months
  • From the 16th, a trough entered from the west and continued eastwards generating thunderstorms and isolated heavy falls as it crossed the State and moved offshore on the 19th

Further information

Media
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Extremes in October 2018
Hottest day 38.7 °C at Smithville House (Smithville AWS) on the 15th
Warmest days on average 31.4 °C at Wanaaring Post Office
Coolest days on average 10.0 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day 1.0 °C at Thredbo AWS on the 10th
Coldest night -6.7 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on the 28th
Coolest nights on average 0.7 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 17.3 °C at Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent
Warmest night 24.0 °C at Wanaaring (Delta AWS) on the 20th
Warmest on average overall 24.2 °C at Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent
Coolest on average overall 6.5 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Wettest overall 497.6 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview)
Wettest day 161.8 mm at Careys Peak (Barrington Tops) on the 6th
Driest overall 1.4 mm at Packsaddle (Westwood Downs)
Strongest wind gust 109 km/h at Broken Hill Airport AWS on the 3rd

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest October daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Swansea (Catherine St) 59.4 on the 4th 57.4 on the 19th in 2004 32
Wattamolla (Griffiths) 80.4 on the 5th 72.4 on the 15th in 2014 26
Penrith Lakes AWS 75.2 on the 18th 55.2 on the 21st in 2004 24
Point Lookout 77.4 on the 16th 49.2 on the 27th in 2009 22
Pooncarie (Karoola) 53.0 on the 4th 35.0 on the 15th in 2010 21



Record highest October total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Pennant Hills (Yarrara Road) 284.6 222.1 in 1965 78 70.9
Swansea (Catherine St) 220.4 193.0 in 2004 31 70.0
Wilsons Downfall 278.2 207.6 in 2017 26 96.8
Norah Head AWS 245.4 234.0 in 2004 24 63.9

Highest October total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
October
Drake (Village Resource Centre) 197.2 263.7 in 1972* 73.0
Old Koreelah (McPherson) 167.4 258.5 in 1972* 63.0
Tabulam Post Office 183.8 324.9 in 1972* 68.8
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 497.6 559.0 in 1972* 129.2
Bonalbo Post Office 205.1 337.8 in 1972* 72.3
Nymboida (Sutton St) 216.4 440.6 in 1972* 72.3
Kunghur (The Junction) 270.0 587.6 in 1972* 102.1
Mona Vale Golf Club 226.8 270.5 in 1987* 71.4
Urbenville 165.2 167.4 in 1983* 74.7
Werris Creek (Yandilla) 93.5 113.4 in 1985* 54.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest October mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Bellambi AWS 19.3 19.6 in 2011 21 21.7

Lowest October mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
October
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 20.3 20.1 in 1976 22.2



Record highest October daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 15.5 on the 26th 15.2 on the 8th in 2002 47 5.2



Record highest October mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 9.0 8.0 in 2010 46 5.2
Camden Airport AWS 12.3 12.1 in 1973 42 10.0
Cessnock Airport AWS 12.2 11.9 in 2017 29 9.8
Scone Airport AWS 11.9 11.8 in 2017 26 9.5
Tamworth Airport AWS 11.7 11.5 in 1993 26 9.6
Badgerys Creek AWS 12.6 = 12.6 in 2015 22 10.4
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 17.3 17.1 in 2015 21 14.2
Taree Airport AWS 13.9 13.8 in 2017 21 11.9



Record highest October mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
October
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 15.8 15.7 in 2015 46 13.1



Summary statistics for October 2018
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
October
2018
Diff
from
average
Highest for
October
2018
Mean for
October
2018
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
October
2018
Total for
October
2018
Average
for
October
Rank of
October
2018
Fraction of
October
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 29.3 +0.8 36.8 31st 14.0 +0.8 6.3 1st 1.0 12.7 low 8%
Smithville House (Smithville AWS) 30.9   38.7 15th 14.8   6.1 1st 5.4
Tibooburra Airport 30.9 +1.6 38.0 31st 16.5 +1.2 9.7 1st 17.4 14.2 average 123%
White Cliffs AWS 30.0 +0.9 37.3 31st 15.6 +0.9 10.1 1st 10.8 16.5 average 65%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 28.8 +0.4 37.4 31st 12.9 +1.1 4.5 1st 16.2 21.9 average 74%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 27.0 +1.5 35.5 31st 12.8 +1.2 6.5 1st 37.4 24.4 high 153%
Lake Victoria Storage 26.4 +2.5 34.5 31st 11.7 +1.1 5.5 5th 12.0 26.4 average 45%
Menindee Post Office 28.1 +1.4 36.4 31st 13.2 +1.8 5.0 1st 53.8 22.5 v high 239%
Mulurulu AWS 27.0   36.3 31st 12.1   5.0 1st 28.8
Pooncarie Mail Agency 28.1 +0.8 37.2 31st 12.5 +1.6 4.9 1st 26.6 25.7 average 104%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 30.5 +0.7 36.6 25th 15.8 +2.0 9.3 1st 37.6 24.4 high 154%
Brewarrina Hospital 30.4 +1.4 36.8 25th 14.5 +1.6 8.5 1st 20.8 29.4 average 71%
Cobar Airport AWS 28.4 +1.6 36.3 31st 13.5 +1.9 6.4 21st 32.4 30.4 average 107%
Cobar MO 28.3 +2.1 36.5 31st 14.9 +2.2 8.3 21st 38.8 34.3 average 113%
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 30.9 +1.5 38.3 25th 17.3 +3.1 13.6 6th 32.4 40.0 average 81%
Noona AWS 28.2   35.2 23rd 14.5   7.9 1st 34.8
Wanaaring (Delta AWS) 30.3   36.9 31st 15.4   5.5 1st 27.4
Wanaaring Post Office 31.4 +1.8 37.9 31st 14.6 +1.3 4.9 1st 9.4 21.2 average 44%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 26.5 +1.9 36.1 31st 11.3 +1.5 5.6 5th 9.0 30.2 low 30%
Euabalong (Mount Hope AWS) 26.3   34.1 23rd 11.0   3.3 1st 83.2
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 27.4 +0.2 35.9 31st 13.3 +1.4 6.9 1st 65.4 17.6 v high 372%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 26.8 +1.7 33.6 23rd 12.0 +2.5 6.4 1st 29.9 47.2 average 63%
Condobolin Airport AWS 27.7 +2.2 36.8 31st 11.8 +2.3 5.6 1st 31.8 36.8 average 86%
Peak Hill Post Office 27.5 +2.6 35.2 31st 13.5 +2.0 4.6 1st 38.2 48.0 average 80%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 26.6 +2.0 35.6 31st 10.5 +1.6 3.6 1st 29.8 43.0 average 69%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.1 +1.5 34.4 25th 14.4 +3.1 9.9 8th 60.0 43.1 average 139%
Nyngan (Girilambone (Okeh) AWS) 28.5   35.2 31st 14.8   9.4 2nd
Nyngan Airport 28.8 +2.1 35.6 31st 14.3 +2.8 7.0 2nd 33.7 34.4 average 98%
Trangie Research Station AWS 27.5 +2.1 35.3 31st 13.5 +3.2 8.9 6th 59.0 45.4 average 130%
Walgett (Brewon AWS) 30.2   36.5 25th 14.5   8.3 22nd 21.6
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Walgett Airport AWS 30.3 +1.2 37.7 25th 14.0 +2.0 8.0 8th 42.8 38.7 average 111%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 28.9 +0.8 35.7 25th 14.8 +2.1 10.1 1st 70.0 47.3 high 148%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba Post Office 26.7 +1.5 33.2 26th 10.7 +2.6 3.4 2nd 109.3 62.7 high 174%
Narrabri Airport AWS 28.8 +0.6 34.9 25th 14.2 +2.1 7.3 1st 81.6 38.4 v high 213%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 27.8 +0.3 33.8 25th 12.6 +2.8 7.2 7th 57.2 45.0 average 127%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 27.4 +2.1 34.3 24th 14.3 +2.1 7.2 11th 38.0 57.1 average 67%
Quirindi Post Office 27.5 +2.1 34.3 31st 11.3 +2.6 5.8 7th 55.6 59.4 average 94%
Tamworth Airport AWS 26.9 +1.4 31.9 31st 11.7 +2.1 6.1 1st 63.6 55.6 average 114%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 22.6 +1.5 28.0 24th 9.0 +3.8 1.3 7th 57.8 72.8 average 79%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 21.5 +0.2 27.5 24th 7.7 +1.9 0.3 2nd 86.4 67.6 high 128%
Armidale Airport AWS 20.4 -0.1 26.2 24th 8.7 +1.4 2.1 2nd 88.8 72.8 average 122%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 21.4 +1.2 28.0 24th 9.1 +1.9 3.0 3rd 64.8 75.3 average 86%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 21.1 -0.1 27.2 24th 8.2 +2.6 2.2 3rd 53.4 80.5 low 66%
Guyra Hospital 19.0 +0.4 25.0 24th 7.9 +1.4 2.0 1st 69.6 75.9 average 92%
Inverell (Raglan St) 25.3 +0.5 31.4 24th 11.1 +3.1 6.2 1st 60.2 70.3 average 86%
Inverell Research Centre 24.9 +1.7 31.3 24th 11.8 +1.5 6.3 2nd 54.0 75.7 average 71%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 21.8 -0.6 28.2 26th 9.8 +1.8 2.6 1st 83.3 76.5 average 109%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 22.5 -1.4 30.2 10th 13.1 +0.6 9.1 1st 257.4 92.6 v high 278%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 24.0 -0.9 29.8 26th 15.5 +1.5 9.3 3rd 218.4 102.8 high 212%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 23.7 +0.1 29.2 26th 17.0 +0.1 12.2 1st 88.4 96.3 average 92%
Casino Airport AWS 26.5 -1.0 33.9 24th 14.1 +0.7 6.4 3rd 209.2 68.2 v high 307%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 24.4 -1.2 32.0 24th 15.8 +0.7 11.4 3rd 253.8 92.3 v high 275%
Grafton Airport AWS 25.2 -1.6 32.1 10th 14.5 +1.7 7.2 2nd 145.0 70.3 high 206%
Grafton Research Stn 25.8 -1.4 32.5 10th 15.1 +1.8 8.6 3rd 146.2 62.9 v high 232%
Lismore Airport AWS 25.7 -1.6 33.3 10th 14.3 +1.5 5.8 2nd 237.8 92.1 high 258%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 25.2 -1.2 31.9 26th 15.7 +1.6 10.2 3rd 310.0 109.7 v high 283%
Yamba Pilot Station 23.2 -0.2 27.4 31st 16.6 +1.2 11.3 1st 156.6 79.3 v high 197%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 23.1   28.3 31st 15.3   8.7 2nd 210.4
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 19.9 -1.4 27.0 31st 11.0 +1.2 5.0 2nd 289.4 119.9 high 241%
Kempsey Airport AWS 24.3 -1.5 32.2 31st 13.2 +2.1 6.4 3rd 136.2 81.8 high 167%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 23.7 +0.4 26.9 31st     13.0 12th
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 22.0 -0.9 27.5 31st 15.0 +1.1 9.5 2nd 125.7 78.7 high 160%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 23.2 -0.9 29.7 31st 14.0 +2.0 6.2 2nd 110.8 76.6 high 145%
Taree Airport AWS 23.2 -1.6 30.3 31st 13.9 +2.0 5.6 2nd 207.2 80.9 v high 256%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 24.2 -1.4 33.0 31st 14.2 +2.8 6.8 2nd 497.6 129.2 v high 385%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 24.1 -1.2 32.8 31st 12.2 +2.4 3.5 2nd 86.8 53.8 high 161%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 22.5 -2.0 31.9 20th 12.7 +1.8 4.2 2nd 169.6 81.6 v high 208%
Gosford AWS 21.7   27.9 20th 13.6   7.3 2nd 258.0
Maitland Airport AWS 24.1   32.0 23rd 12.9   4.6 1st 107.6
Mangrove Mountain AWS 21.5 -1.4 30.3 20th 11.8 +0.3 6.2 1st 203.4 76.1 v high 267%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 25.4 0.0 33.1 31st 10.6 +2.3 2.9 2nd 53.4 50.1 average 107%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 22.0 +0.4 29.8 31st 11.6 +0.7 4.3 1st 50.8 49.0 average 104%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 21.6 -1.6 25.8 31st 14.9 +0.8 10.0 7th 110.3 78.1 high 141%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 20.3 -1.9 26.9 3rd 15.5 +1.4 11.4 1st 104.2 72.7 high 143%
Norah Head AWS 21.7 -1.1 25.1 30th 15.2 +0.3 11.8 2nd 245.4 63.9 highest 384%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 23.8 -1.4 31.0 31st 13.3 +1.8 5.1 2nd 131.0 66.3 high 198%
Scone Airport AWS 26.4 +1.2 34.7 31st 11.9 +2.4 4.4 1st 43.0 47.7 average 90%
Singleton (Defence) 24.5   34.0 31st 13.5   8.2 1st 56.2
Singleton STP 25.1 -1.3 35.7 31st 13.4 +3.2 5.5 1st 66.9 46.0 high 145%
Williamtown RAAF 23.1 -0.7 31.2 20th 14.0 +2.0 6.1 2nd 137.4 73.9 high 186%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 25.0 +1.3 32.8 31st 11.2 +1.9 5.5 1st 64.8 55.6 average 117%
Mudgee Airport AWS 23.9 +0.8 31.3 31st 10.0 +2.4 3.5 7th 57.4 51.1 average 112%
Nullo Mountain AWS 17.2 -0.3 25.3 31st 8.6 +0.7 4.0 1st 92.0 70.4 average 131%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 22.1 +2.1 30.8 31st 7.5 +1.3 1.8 1st 50.4 59.0 average 85%
Bathurst Airport AWS 21.5 +1.1 29.9 31st 7.8 +1.6 1.8 1st 52.4 52.8 average 99%
Katoomba (Murri St)     26.2 30th 8.5 +0.7 1.4 1st 224.2 91.8 v high 244%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 18.7 -1.1 27.1 31st 7.3 +0.9 0.6 7th 90.5 62.5 high 145%
Marrangaroo (Defence) 18.9   27.4 31st 6.4   -0.4 7th 87.4
Mount Boyce AWS 17.7 -0.1 27.1 31st 8.5 +0.9 3.0 7th 180.2 69.4 high 260%
Oberon (Albion St) 18.4 +1.2 26.8 31st 6.0 +1.2 0.0 1st 53.2 77.4 average 69%
Orange Airport AWS 19.8 +1.6 28.1 31st 6.3 +0.7 0.6 7th 46.8 72.4 low 65%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 21.7 -2.2 32.0 23rd 12.2 +0.5 8.1 1st 131.5 73.2 high 180%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 26.4 +2.1 32.3 24th 9.8 +2.6 2.6 1st 38.1 58.8 average 65%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 25.5 +1.9 31.7 24th 12.3 +0.8 7.1 1st 39.4 45.6 average 86%
Dunedoo Post Office 27.0 +2.5 34.5 31st 11.9 +2.7 5.0 11th 39.4 52.0 average 76%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 25.6 +1.4 34.6 31st 8.8 +1.9 2.7 1st 53.8 38.9 average 138%
Dubbo Airport AWS 26.5 +1.5 33.8 31st 12.0 +2.6 7.0 1st 90.4 47.5 high 190%
Forbes Airport AWS 26.8 +1.8 34.9 31st 10.5 +1.9 3.5 1st 68.6 40.7 high 169%
Parkes Airport AWS 26.4 +2.3 34.6 31st 9.8 +2.2 4.2 7th 34.8 50.7 average 69%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 26.0 +1.1 33.5 31st 11.4 +2.8 6.2 1st 94.2 56.0 high 168%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 23.3 -0.6 30.5 20th 13.5 +1.7 7.4 1st 185.0 60.9 v high 304%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 21.9 -1.7 29.6 20th 13.5 +1.3 7.5 1st 194.2 64.3 v high 302%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 22.6   30.2 20th 13.0   6.6 1st 116.4
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 23.1 -0.9 31.5 20th 12.7 +0.7 7.0 2nd 194.0 68.7 v high 282%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 21.5 -0.7 26.9 31st 15.0 +1.4 10.6 1st 167.6 77.0 high 218%
Sydney Airport AMO 22.3 -0.4 29.4 20th 14.9 +1.6 10.0 1st 142.8 70.5 high 203%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 19.2 -2.0 23.3 31st 15.5 +0.1 12.3 1st
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 22.7   31.5 20th 13.6   7.5 1st 222.8
Terrey Hills AWS 20.6 -2.2 29.4 20th 13.2 0.0 8.6 1st 249.2 80.6 high 309%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 23.2 -1.7 31.6 31st 12.6 +2.2 6.0 1st 105.0 53.8 high 195%
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 23.2 -1.6 30.8 23rd 12.8 +1.0 6.2 1st 145.8 58.8 high 248%
Penrith Lakes AWS 24.4 -1.5 33.5 31st 13.7 +1.5 7.7 1st 166.0 56.0 v high 296%
Richmond RAAF 24.4 -1.0 33.5 23rd 12.8 +1.7 5.7 1st 114.8 50.2 high 229%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 21.2 -1.9 26.0 19th 12.5 +1.7 5.0 1st 107.0 66.7 high 160%
Bellambi AWS 19.3 -2.4 26.0 3rd 14.1 0.0 9.8 1st 129.2 73.5 high 176%
Camden Airport AWS 23.7 -0.7 32.6 31st 12.3 +2.3 4.7 1st 108.0 61.8 high 175%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 23.6 -1.5 32.5 31st 12.1 +1.9 5.0 1st 86.4 45.3 v high 191%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 18.4   28.4 31st 9.0   4.7 6th 76.2
Holsworthy (Defence) 22.7   31.1 20th 12.4   6.3 1st 131.6
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 19.7 -1.4 26.0 19th 13.9 +0.3 10.2 1st 88.2 77.0 high 115%
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 19.6 -2.0 24.3 3rd 14.2 +0.3 10.0 1st 137.4 84.9 high 162%
Moss Vale AWS 19.0 -0.6 29.1 31st 9.0 +1.2 2.2 1st 64.8 45.4 high 143%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 22.3 -0.9 32.8 23rd 11.7 +1.1 6.4 1st 77.2 65.3 average 118%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 21.5 -0.5 27.7 23rd 9.8 +1.3 1.9 1st 79.2 45.8 high 173%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 19.8 +0.6 28.7 31st 7.4 +1.7 -1.3 1st 55.2 54.2 average 102%
Green Cape AWS 19.1 0.0 23.7 30th 12.5 +0.3 8.5 1st 64.0 46.8 average 137%
Merimbula Airport AWS 20.3 -0.4 24.8 3rd 10.2 +1.2 4.0 1st 50.0 53.5 average 93%
Montague Island Lighthouse 18.8 -0.1 23.9 3rd 13.8 +1.0 10.6 1st 73.0 63.6 high 115%
Moruya Airport AWS 20.1 -1.6 25.8 3rd 10.7 +1.3 2.2 1st 74.8 74.9 average 100%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 19.3 -0.9 24.9 3rd 12.0 +1.3 5.8 1st 83.2 77.9 high 107%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 19.6 0.0 25.0 3rd 12.3 +1.0 6.6 1st 114.8 73.1 high 157%
Nerriga AWS 20.1   30.6 31st 8.6   -0.5 1st 54.2
Ulladulla AWS 19.1 -1.7 23.7 3rd 13.1 +0.7 9.0 1st 93.2 83.0 average 112%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 20.4 +1.5 27.5 19th 5.3 +0.6 0.0 1st 62.6 55.3 average 113%
Bombala AWS 18.1 +0.3 25.0 19th 5.2 +0.3 -0.7 1st 72.4 50.2 high 144%
Canberra Airport 22.8 +1.3 31.1 31st 7.3 +1.4 0.0 2nd 14.2 43.4 low 33%
Cooma Airport AWS 19.9 +1.6 27.5 31st 3.9 +0.4 -3.1 1st 34.6 44.3 average 78%
Cooma Visitors Centre 21.1 +1.6 28.5 31st 5.1 +1.3 -2.9 1st 25.2 44.4 average 57%
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.6 +1.8 31.1 31st 6.8 +1.6 -1.4 2nd 34.6 49.6 average 70%
Goulburn TAFE 20.7 +0.9 30.7 31st 8.5 +1.5 1.1 1st 41.4 52.5 average 79%
Mount Ginini AWS 13.3 +0.5 21.4 31st 3.7 +0.8 -2.4 11th 55.6 71.7 average 78%
Taralga Post Office 19.3 +0.8 29.5 31st 6.2 +0.8 -1.5 1st 54.9 69.4 average 79%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 22.4 +1.5 30.8 31st 7.9 +1.5 0.4 1st 27.4 50.4 low 54%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 12.2   17.7 31st 0.7   -6.7 28th 67.4
Thredbo AWS 10.0 +2.8 15.5 31st     -6.3 11th 41.6 121.9 low 34%
Thredbo Village 15.9 +2.5 21.6 31st 1.1 -0.6 -3.5 28th 48.9 179.4 v low 27%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 24.9 +3.1 33.1 31st 8.4 +0.4 3.0 1st 36.2 48.3 average 75%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 14.4 +2.1 20.5 31st 5.3 +1.1 -0.7 11th 58.0 97.9 low 59%
Hume Reservoir 24.6 +3.5 32.8 31st 9.8 +0.6 4.5 21st 33.2 67.4 low 49%
Khancoban AWS 23.2 +2.2 28.8 31st 6.0 -0.4 1.5 1st 70.6 69.8 average 101%
Tumbarumba Post Office 23.2 +3.7 30.1 31st 5.2 -0.1 0.6 1st 33.8 94.6 low 36%
Wagga Wagga AMO 26.0 +4.4 34.0 31st 9.5 +1.7 4.0 22nd 19.6 56.4 low 35%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 23.8 +3.4 31.5 31st 9.7 +1.4 4.0 1st 60.0 84.5 average 71%
Cootamundra Airport 25.1 +2.8 33.5 31st 7.9 +1.8 -0.5 1st 21.1 45.1 low 47%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 25.4 +2.8 33.6 31st 8.8 -0.1 1.7 1st 29.0 54.1 low 54%
Temora Airport 26.2 +1.7 34.4 31st 8.4 +1.3 -0.1 1st 25.8 34.1 average 76%
Young Airport 25.0 +2.9 34.0 31st 6.9 +1.6 -0.6 1st 20.6 44.6 low 46%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 25.5 +3.2 32.5 31st     1.4 2nd 36.6 51.6 average 71%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 25.6 +1.9 33.5 31st 10.2 +1.8 3.4 1st 44.4 33.2 high 134%
Kapooka (Defence) 26.5   34.4 31st 9.7   3.5 22nd 19.8
Narrandera Airport AWS 27.0 +2.7 35.0 31st 10.4 +1.2 3.5 1st 7.6 39.7 v low 19%
Tocumwal Airport 24.6 +2.0 30.6 30th 9.8 +1.0 4.8 25th 26.8 42.9 average 62%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 26.5 +1.8 34.9 31st 12.2 +1.7 7.1 21st 7.4 36.9 low 20%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 26.4 +2.3 35.0 31st 11.2 +2.1 4.4 1st 48.8 38.5 average 127%
Hay Airport AWS 27.0 +0.7 35.8 31st 11.1 +1.4 4.3 1st 13.2 20.5 average 64%
Hillston Airport 26.8 +2.0 36.1 31st 11.6 +1.3 4.5 1st 53.1 35.9 high 148%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 26.5 +0.9 35.7 31st     9.2 21st 49.4 39.0 high 127%
Note: From 2017, information about Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 1 pm on Thursday 1 November 2018. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

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