Tasmania in November 2019: Cool and wet in the west, warm and dry in the east

Persistent westerly winds brought cool weather and rain to western Tasmania during November, but days in the east were mostly warm and dry. Several sites had their highest November temperature on record on the 21st, but there had been a fortnight of cold weather before that. Gusty westerly winds were a frequent occurrence.

Wet in the west but dry in the east

  • Westerly winds were stronger and more frequent than usual over Tasmania during November, bringing rain to the western half on most days but mostly only light totals to the east
  • Cold fronts embedded in the westerlies intensified the rain on several occasions: Mount Read set a new November daily rainfall on record with 83 mm to 9 am on the 28th, having already set a new record with 74 mm on the 10th, most of which fell in about 4 hours on the afternoon of the 9th
  • Some sites in the west reported their highest total November rainfall for many years and a few with relatively short record had their highest total November rainfall on record
  • Monthly rainfall totals near the East Coast and in the central Midlands were well below average and generally less than half the November average
  • Tasmania's total rainfall was about 21% above the November average
  • Rainfall for the year so far has been below average for most of Tasmania and well below average in the east, but close to average in the western highlands

Mostly cool days and nights, but a record hot day

  • Persistent westerly winds and cool weather meant most days had maximum temperatures that were cooler than average, and mean maximum temperatures for the month were below average in most of Tasmania
  • A few periods of warm weather ensured mean maximum temperatures were above average near the East Coast
  • Many sites in the east reached over 30 °C on the 1st, but that was followed by more than a fortnight of generally cool days
  • The 20th saw many sites reaching into the high 20s, and on the 21st several sites reached well into the 30s and several (including Hobart, Devonport, Bushy Park, Fingal and Orford) had their highest November temperature on record
  • On the 21st Campania, Hobart Airport, Dunalley, Hobart and Orford all reported temperatures in the 10 hottest November temperatures ever recorded in Tasmania
  • Some sites in the west and north had their lowest November mean daily maximum temperature on record
  • Minimum temperatures were below average for most of the month (despite Strahan having its highest daily minimum temperature on record on the 1st), and for some sites had their lowest November mean daily minimum since the late 1990s
  • Some sites had their lowest November overall mean temperature since the 1990s
  • Tasmania's mean maximum temperature was 0.75 °C below average, the coolest since 1996; the mean minimum temperature was 0.53 °C below average, the coolest since 2006; and the overall mean temperature was 0.63 °C below average, the coolest since 2006
  • Temperatures for the year so far have been above average in Tasmania, with maximum temperatures especially warm and particularly so in the east

Gusty westerly winds

  • Gusty westerly winds, common in Tasmania during early spring, continued well into November
  • There were 22 days during November when at least one site in Tasmania registered a wind gust over 90 km/h, well above the average in recent Novembers of around 12 such gusty days
  • On 5 days at least one Tasmanian site recorded a gust over 130 km/h, something that has typically occurred only once or twice each November
  • The strongest wind gust during the month was 139 km/h at both kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) and Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse on the 14th

Hobart (Ellerslie Road)

  • Total rainfall for Hobart (Ellerslie Road) was 40.8 mm, which is 75% of the long-term average
  • The mean daily maximum temperature for Hobart (Ellerslie Road) was 20.2 °C, which is 1.5 °C above the long-term average of 18.7 °C
  • The warmest day was 36.8 °C on the 21st, which equals the November record for Hobart that was set on the 26th in 1937
  • The coolest day was on the 7th when the temperature reached 12.7 °C; Hobart typically has a day or two each November that fails to reach 13 °C
  • The mean daily minimum temperature for Hobart (Ellerslie Road) was 9.4 °C, which is 0.1 °C above the long-term average of 9.3 °C
  • The coldest morning was 4.1 °C on the 5th, and the warmest morning was on the 1st when the minimum temperature was 15.0 °C
  • There were 21 days during November when Hobart recorded a wind gust of 50 km/h or more, well above the November average of around 13 such gusty days
  • Hobart's strongest wind gusts during the month were 91 km/h on the 13th and 87 km/h on the 6th
  • The year so far has been warm and dry for Hobart, which has had its highest mean maximum temperature for the January to November period; the mean minimum temperature was also above average and total rainfall was less than two-thirds of average

Further information

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Extremes in November 2019
Hottest day 38.3 °C at Campania (Kincora) on the 21st
Warmest days on average 21.6 °C at Friendly Beaches
Coolest days on average 8.2 °C at kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Coldest day -0.5 °C at kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on the 7th and the 8th
Coldest night -3.8 °C at kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on the 9th
Coolest nights on average 0.2 °C at kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Warmest nights on average 11.0 °C at Swan Island
Warmest night 21.6 °C at Strahan Aerodrome on the 1st
Warmest on average overall 15.4 °C at Friendly Beaches
Coolest on average overall 4.1 °C at kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Wettest overall 577.0 mm at Mount Read
Wettest day 83.2 mm at Mount Read on the 28th
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) and Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse on the 14th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest November daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Mount Read 83.2 on the 28th 69.0 on the 6th in 2016 23
* note: Mount Read's rainfall record is quite patchy, and higher values may have occurred in the past but not been recorded


Record highest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Luncheon Hill (Forestry) 172.2 171.4 in 2010 25 93.7
Queenstown (South Queenstown) 362.0 270.8 in 2016 23 156.7
Derwent Bridge 175.4 170.4 in 1996 22 100.9
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 139.0 117.8 in 2010 22 79.2
Scotts Peak Dam 225.4 180.8 in 2011 20 112.7

Highest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
November
Lake Margaret Power Station 418.7 507.3 in 1968 221.2
Lake Margaret Dam 461.0 526.8 in 1968* 284.3
Zeehan (West Coast Pioneers Museum) 306.3 323.7 in 1968* 154.9
Savage River Mine 237.2 243.4 in 1975* 127.5
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 139.8 142.4 in 1994* 91.3
Maydena Post Office 145.3 185.6 in 1996 91.2
Lake St Clair National Park 256.8 275.0 in 1998 137.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest November temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 36.8 on the 21st = 36.8 on the 26th in 1937 134 18.7
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 35.7 on the 21st 35.0 on the 6th in 1982 58 20.0
Flinders Island Airport 35.9 on the 21st 35.1 on the 26th in 1997 57 18.7
Orford (Aubin Court) 36.8 on the 21st 35.6 on the 6th in 1982 52 18.7
Fingal (Legge Street) 35.4 on the 21st 34.4 on the 26th in 1997 34 19.7
Devonport Airport 26.6 on the 21st 26.3 on the 6th in 2015 28 17.9
Friendly Beaches 35.8 on the 21st 35.0 on the 26th in 1997 23 19.8
Melton Mowbray (North Stockman) 35.7 on the 21st 33.6 on the 26th in 1997 23 19.8
Tunnack Fire Station 32.5 on the 21st 30.0 on the 30th in 2017 23 17.4
Ouse Fire Station 35.0 on the 21st 33.6 on the 9th in 2009 22 21.1
Campania (Kincora) 38.3 on the 21st 34.8 on the 23rd in 2010 20 20.7



Record lowest November mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Maydena Post Office 15.7 15.8 in 1996 27 18.1
Strahan Aerodrome 16.1 16.2 in 2006 27 18.1
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 10.8 11.3 in 1996 23 13.8
Luncheon Hill (Forestry) 14.2 14.3 in 1996 22 17.4
Smithton Aerodrome 16.9 17.3 in 2001 22 18.4
Low Head 16.3 16.7 in 2001 21 17.4
Scotts Peak Dam 14.5 15.0 in 2006 21 17.9

Lowest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Butlers Gorge 12.8 11.1 in 1968* 14.7
Marrawah 15.3 15.0 in 1996 16.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest November daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Strahan Aerodrome 21.6 on the 1st 20.4 on the 30th in 2003 28 8.4



Record lowest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 9.4 = 9.4 in 2006 26 10.7

Lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
larapuna (Eddystone Point) 9.8 9.6 in 1996 10.5
Marrawah 8.0 7.9 in 1996 9.3
Smithton Aerodrome 7.1 7.0 in 1998 8.8
Wynyard Airport 6.8 6.4 in 1998 8.3
Devonport Airport 8.3 7.2 in 1999 9.3
Sheffield School Farm 5.9 5.6 in 1999 7.7



Record lowest November mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Maydena Post Office 10.6 = 10.6 in 1994 26 12.4
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 6.7 6.8 in 1996 23 9.1
Sheffield School Farm 11.1 11.3 in 1999 22 12.8
Smithton Aerodrome 12.0 12.2 in 1998 22 13.6
Scotts Peak Dam 9.9 10.1 in 2006 21 12.4

Lowest November mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Butlers Gorge 8.1 7.3 in 1968* 9.3
kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) 4.1 3.2 in 1996 5.6
Marrawah 11.7 11.5 in 1996 13.0
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 12.4 11.5 in 1996 13.4
Luncheon Hill (Forestry) 10.2 9.8 in 1996* 12.6
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 13.2 12.5 in 1999 13.8
Low Head 13.5 13.4 in 1999 14.4
Ouse Fire Station 12.8 12.2 in 1999 14.2
Wynyard Airport 12.3 12.0 in 1999 13.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for November 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2019
Mean for
November
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2019
Total for
November
2019
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2019
Fraction of
November
average
Northern (district 91)
Cape Grim 14.5   22.4 20th 9.5   6.4 9th 72.4
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 14.8 -1.3 22.7 21st 9.4 -1.3 6.6 9th 74.2 52.9 high 140%
Cressy Research Station 20.1 -0.4 31.0 21st 6.3 -1.0 -0.8 5th 25.0 51.8 low 48%
Devonport Airport 17.8 -0.1 26.6 21st 8.3 -1.0 2.9 5th 34.8 56.7 low 61%
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 19.6 -1.0 29.6 21st 8.4 -0.7 2.6 9th 31.8 51.7 low 62%
Launceston Airport 19.3 -1.1 30.8 21st 6.3 -1.5 -0.2 9th 35.8 54.6 low 66%
Low Head 16.3 -1.1 22.1 1st 10.7 -0.7 5.9 8th 34.8 50.9 average 68%
Luncheon Hill (Forestry) 14.2 -3.2 25.7 21st 6.2 -1.6 2.4 9th 172.2 93.7 highest 184%
Marrawah 15.3 -1.4 26.7 1st 8.0 -1.3 4.5 14th 94.0 69.6 high 135%
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 18.1 -0.8 30.6 21st 6.6 -1.3 0.2 9th 52.2 67.6 average 77%
Sheffield School Farm 16.5 -1.5 27.5 21st 5.9 -1.8 0.9 9th 49.6 82.5 low 60%
Smithton Aerodrome 16.9 -1.5 26.7 21st 7.1 -1.7 1.4 5th 85.4 59.2 high 144%
Wynyard Airport 17.8 -0.4 24.6 1st 6.8 -1.5 1.5 5th 63.6 73.5 average 87%
East Coast (district 92)
Fingal (Legge Street) 20.5 +0.8 35.4 21st 6.0 -1.2 0.0 5th 20.8 46.0 low 45%
Friendly Beaches 21.6 +1.8 35.8 21st 9.3 -1.0 4.4 9th 34.4 71.1 low 48%
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 15.9 0.0 28.9 21st 4.5 -1.0 -1.1 9th 53.8 64.3 average 84%
larapuna (Eddystone Point) 18.6 +0.8 30.9 21st 9.8 -0.7 3.1 9th 25.0 60.9 low 41%
Maria Island (Point Lesueur) 18.4 +0.3 29.3 21st 9.7 -1.3 5.7 9th 41.0 57.4 average 71%
Orford (Aubin Court) 20.3 +1.6 36.8 21st 8.9 -0.3 2.8 9th 47.7 65.7 average 73%
St Helens Aerodrome 19.9 +0.4 33.8 21st 9.3 -1.0 2.5 9th 37.2 82.4 average 45%
Swan Island 16.9 -0.9 29.7 21st 11.0 -1.0 5.0 9th 28.6 63.1 low 45%
Swansea (Francis Street) 20.7   35.9 21st 8.6   2.7 19th 31.4
Midlands (district 93)
Ross (The Boulevards) 19.7 -0.4 32.8 21st 6.1 -0.9 -0.4 5th 35.4 46.0 average 77%
Southeast (district 94)
Campania (Kincora) 20.6 -0.1 38.3 21st 8.6 -0.2 2.6 8th 48.2 45.8 average 105%
Cape Bruny (Cape Bruny) 16.6 -0.4 30.6 1st 8.5 -1.2 5.1 9th 85.8 56.7 high 151%
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 16.7 +1.1 29.7 1st 8.9 -0.2 5.5 9th 84.6 74.5 average 114%
Dennes Point 18.3   28.6 1st 9.5   5.9 30th 48.0
Dover 17.4 -0.4 31.4 1st 6.9 -1.1 2.0 5th 96.0 71.8 high 134%
Dunalley (Stroud Point) 19.5   37.7 21st 9.5   5.7 9th 47.6
Grove (Research Station) 18.4 -0.9 34.5 21st 6.8 -0.7 0.7 5th 67.8 59.3 average 114%
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 20.2 +1.5 36.8 21st 9.4 +0.1 4.1 5th 40.8 54.1 average 75%
Hobart Airport 20.1 +1.0 37.7 21st 9.3 0.0 4.1 9th 43.6 44.4 average 98%
kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) 8.2 -1.3 20.8 1st 0.2 -1.6 -3.8 9th 28.2 88.1 v low 32%
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 12.7 -1.7 25.8 20th 7.7 -0.8 3.6 7th 139.8 91.3 high 153%
Melton Mowbray (North Stockman) 19.0 -0.8 35.7 21st 7.1 -0.4 2.8 9th 30.8 42.5 average 72%
Tasman Island 14.7 -0.6 29.5 1st     3.5 9th 68.8 59.7 average 115%
Tunnack Fire Station 17.4 0.0 32.5 21st 5.1 -1.1 -0.7 5th 53.2 62.7 average 85%
Derwent Valley (district 95)
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 19.5 -0.5 35.7 21st 7.0 -0.6 1.3 5th 50.2 52.3 average 96%
Maydena Post Office 15.7 -2.4 31.8 21st 5.5 -1.1 1.0 20th 145.3 91.2 v high 159%
Ouse Fire Station 18.9 -2.2 35.0 21st 6.6 -0.7 1.3 5th 37.8 39.4 average 96%
Central Plateau (district 96)
Butlers Gorge 12.8 -1.9 27.5 21st 3.3 -0.7 -3.5 30th 197.8 137.9 high 143%
Liawenee 12.8 -2.4 25.4 21st 1.5 -1.4 -3.1 8th 61.2 63.5 average 96%
West Coast (district 97)
Cape Sorell 15.3 -0.3 22.4 20th 9.3 -0.4 6.1 20th 109.4 87.3 high 125%
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 10.8 -3.0 29.2 21st 2.6 -1.8 -1.0 9th 139.0 79.2 highest 176%
Low Rocky Point 14.6   29.2 1st 8.7   5.0 20th
Scotts Peak Dam 14.5 -3.4 30.0 1st 5.3 -1.6 1.9 8th 225.4 112.7 highest 200%
Strahan Aerodrome 16.1 -2.0 29.8 1st 8.3 -0.1 3.2 20th 186.0 96.8 v high 192%
Warra 13.5 -2.5 30.2 21st 5.0 -1.0 0.8 30th 246.2 128.4 v high 192%
King Island (district 98)
King Island Airport 16.6 -0.9 27.8 1st 9.4 -0.8 2.6 20th 55.6 54.8 average 101%
Flinders Island (district 99)
Flinders Island Airport 18.2 -0.5 35.9 21st 10.5 +0.2 3.3 20th 43.4 55.6 average 78%
Hogan Island 17.7 -0.8 34.3 21st 10.3 -1.7 6.8 8th 61.0 44.3 high 138%
Note: From 2017, information about Macquarie Island can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Tasmania using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Monday 2 December 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
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Enquiries