Western Australia in July 2014: Wet in the north, near average rainfall in the southwest

Rainfall across WA in July 2014 was below to very much below average in the Gascoyne and the adjacent west Pilbara, Central West, and northern Goldfields, as well as eastern parts of the Southern Interior and northeast Eucla. In contrast, the Kimberley, east Pilbara, Northern Interior and western Southern Interior saw unseasonable above average rainfall. Most of the South West Land Division (SWLD), southern Goldfields and Eucla experienced near average rainfall in July. When averaged across the state, rainfall was near average.

A broad area covering the much of the Gascoyne and Goldfields, the SWLD, and parts of the Eucla saw above average mean maximum temperatures in July 2014, whilst parts of the east Pilbara and western Northern Interior were below average. Averaged across the State as a whole the mean maximum temperature was near average, whilst for the Lower Southwest (southwest of a line from Jurien Bay to Bremer Bay) the mean maximum temperature for July 2014 was above average. Mean minimum temperatures were above average to very much above average in the Lower Southwest, whilst below average mean minima were reported in much of the Pilbara and northern Gascoyne and in eastern parts of the Northern and Southern Interior, with generally near average minima elsewhere. For the State as a whole the mean minimum temperature was near average.

  • A developing middle level cloudband and associated cold front brought widespread rainfall to western parts of the SWLD from the 1st to the morning of the 2nd. Moderate to heavy rainfall with daily totals between 30 mm and 60 mm was recorded in the South West district. A tornado was sighted near Kojonup (Great Southern) in the morning on the 2nd bringing down many trees.
  • Warm northwesterly winds combined with wet and cloudy conditions resulted in a number of record high minimum temperatures in the Lower West, South West, and South Coastal on the 2nd. A minimum of 16.5 °C at Perth Metro was the highest minimum temperature in July at the site since records commenced in 1897.
  • Two cold fronts produced widespread showers, isolated thunderstorms, and squally winds in southern WA from the 6th to 8th. Cape Naturaliste recorded a wind gust of 124 km/h (67 knots) on the 7th, which is the strongest wind gust registered in July at the site in 12 years of record. The previous strongest wind gust was 119 km/h (64 knots) on 18 July 2008. About 26,000 homes in Perth and the South West lost power during the event and a storm tide above the Highest Astronomical Tide was recorded at Busselton, Bunbury, and Esperance. There was a report of a tornado sighting on the morning of the 6th near Balingup, and on the morning of the 7th part of the roof of a Bunbury hotel was damaged. A number of sites in the Southeast Coastal received their highest daily rainfall on record for July on the 8th as a result of the frontal system.
  • A deep middle level trough combined with a surface trough to produce extremely heavy rainfall on the Dampier Peninsula in the west Kimberley on the 12th and 13th. A daily rainfall total of 215.0 mm at Cape Leveque on the 13th broke the WA record for the highest daily rainfall in July. The previous record was 202.0 mm at Middalya (Gascoyne) on 15 July 1996. A rainfall total of 242.0 mm over two days at Cygnet Bay was approximately 155 mm above its previous highest monthly rainfall total in July in 51 years of record.
  • A strong cold front moved across southwest WA to produce heavy showers, thunderstorms, and squally winds on the 14th, causing significant damage to properties and power outages. Three separate tornadoes were reported in the western suburbs of Perth, as well as near Yallingup in the South West, and Geraldton. Two men died tragically when their respirators failed during a power outage.
  • A cold front produced moderate to heavy rainfall in the South West and Lower West on the 21st and 22nd with daily rainfall totals in the 30mm to 50 mm range at some sites in the Lower West and South West. Some minor water damage was reported at a small number of properties in Perth.
  • A cold front passed over southwest WA on the 25th and 26th and brought moderate rainfall to the South West and Lower West districts . Coastal sites in the Lower West and South West saw storm tides above the Highest Astronomical Tide.

Further information

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Extremes in July 2014
Hottest day 35.5 °C at Bidyadanga on the 29th
Warmest days on average 32.1 °C at Wyndham Aero
Coolest days on average 14.6 °C at Katanning
14.6 °C at Shannon
Coldest day 10.4 °C at Munglinup West on the 8th
Coldest night -4.3 °C at Salmon Gums Res.Stn. on the 4th
Coolest nights on average 2.8 °C at Yeelirrie
Warmest nights on average 24.7 °C at Browse Island
18.3 °C at Truscott
Warmest night 26.0 °C at Browse Island on the 18th
23.5 °C at Argyle Aerodrome on the 28th
Warmest on average overall 26.3 °C at Browse Island
24.2 °C at Truscott
Coolest on average overall 10.2 °C at Newdegate Research Station
Wettest overall 335.8 mm at Mattaband
Wettest day 215.0 mm at Cape Leveque on the 13th
Highest wind gust 124 km/h at Cape Naturaliste on the 7th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest July daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in July 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for July
Years of
record
De Grey 56.0 on the 18th 41.8 on the 2nd in 1998 89
Cape Leveque 215.0 on the 13th 136.7 on the 14th in 1956 83
Esperance 62.8 on the 8th 46.4 on the 4th in 2007 46
Mount Howick 40.3 on the 8th 36.8 on the 10th in 2001 40
Merivale Farm 57.2 on the 8th 35.2 on the 13th in 2002 32



Record highest total July rainfall
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Previous wettest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Cape Leveque 215.0 198.7 in 1956 86 14.8
Cygnet Bay 242.0 86.8 in 1998 51 10.8

Highest total July rainfall for at least 30 years
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Most recent July
at least this wet
Years since
wetter
Average for
July
De Grey 65.2 82.6 in 1904* 82 8.8
Myroodah 27.0 125.0 in 1978* 31 5.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Lowest total July rainfall for at least 30 years
Total rainfall
for July 2014 (mm)
Most recent July
at least this dry
Years since
drier
Average for
July
Gabyon 1.0 0.0 in 1976 38 35.8
Meekatharra Airport 0.4 0.0 in 1982 32 21.3



Record highest July temperature
Highest temperature
in July 2014 (°C)
Previous warmest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Bidyadanga 35.5 on the 29th = 35.5 on the 27th in 2010 54 29.5



Record lowest July daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in July 2014 (°C)
Previous coolest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Mandora 17.2 on the 12th 18.6 on the 14th in 2001 52 28.9



Record highest July daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in July 2014 (°C)
Previous warmest
for July
Years of
record
Average for
July
Perth Metro 16.5 on the 2nd 16.1 on the 12th in 1898 115 7.7
Perth Airport 16.2 on the 2nd 15.7 on the 30th in 2001 71 8.0
Albany 15.8 on the 2nd 15.0 on the 30th in 2007 69 8.1



Summary statistics for July 2014
Maximum temperatures
for July
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for July
(°C)
Rainfall
for July
(millimetres)
Mean for
July
2014
Diff
from
average
Highest for
July
2014
Mean for
July
2014
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
July
2014
Total for
July
2014
Average
for
July
Rank of
July
2014
Fraction of
July
average
North Kimberley (district 01)
Doongan 29.1 -0.6 31.8 31st 11.0 +0.2 3.9 4th 7.5 0.7 v high 1071%
Kalumburu 31.7 -0.2 34.3 31st 15.0 +1.2 8.9 5th 26.8 2.0 v high 1340%
Troughton Island 28.4 +0.3 30.0 13th 22.6 +0.5 21.1 10th 12.2 3.1 v high 394%
Truscott 30.1   32.7 29th 18.3   12.9 3rd 30.2 2.7 v high 1119%
Wyndham 31.6 +0.4 34.2 31st 16.6 -0.3 12.0 3rd 3.2 3.1 v high 103%
Wyndham Aero 32.1 +0.4 35.2 29th 14.9 -0.2 9.7 3rd 2.8 3.0 v high 93%
East Kimberley (district 02)
Argyle Aerodrome 29.7 +0.1 33.3 31st 15.8 +0.2 11.1 1st 8.0 1.5 v high 533%
Halls Creek Airport 27.3 +0.1 31.2 23rd 12.6 0.0 7.8 3rd 5.8 6.0 high 97%
Warmun 29.8 +0.3 33.5 31st 12.8 +0.2 5.1 3rd 4.0 5.3 high 75%
West Kimberley (district 03)
Bidyadanga 29.6 +0.1 35.5 29th 14.2 +0.3 8.5 3rd 21.2 8.4 high 252%
Broome Airport 29.0 +0.2 34.8 29th 13.8 +0.1 7.5 2nd 4.2 7.0 high 60%
Curtin Aero 30.3 -0.6 34.0 28th 15.0 -0.3 9.7 8th 53.0 9.7 v high 546%
Derby Aero 30.4 -0.2 34.6 31st 14.2 -0.6 6.6 3rd 53.4 8.3 v high 643%
Fitzroy Crossing Aero 30.5 -0.2 34.2 29th 12.9 +0.8 7.1 5th 8.4 6.4 high 131%
De Grey (district 04)
Bedout Island 24.3   27.6 29th 18.5   15.6 18th
Karratha Aero 25.6 -0.6 31.5 31st 11.4 -2.3 8.4 26th 9.0 13.8 average 65%
Legendre Island 24.1   30.4 31st 16.6   14.8 26th
Mandora 27.9 -1.0 33.9 29th 12.2 -0.3 5.3 7th 42.4 9.1 v high 466%
Marble Bar 26.2 -1.0 31.3 31st 9.9 -2.2 6.1 11th 49.6 20.1 high 247%
Pardoo Station 27.4 -0.5 33.2 30th         37.2 9.8 v high 380%
Port Hedland Airport 27.4 +0.3 33.0 31st 11.9 -0.4 7.0 7th 31.8 11.3 high 281%
Roebourne 27.3 +0.5 32.7 31st 12.0 -1.6 7.9 11th 3.5 13.5 average 26%
Roebourne Aero 27.1 -0.8 32.7 31st 9.8 -2.4 5.0 7th 3.2 9.1 average 35%
Fortescue (district 05)
Barrow Island Airport 23.3 -0.4 28.6 31st 16.2 -1.3 13.2 26th 0 12.0 v low 0%
Christmas Creek 23.0   28.4 30th 7.6   3.5 11th 28.4
Fortescue Dave Forrest 23.0   28.3 30th 7.9   3.3 11th 29.8
Learmonth Airport 24.5 +0.3 28.9 29th 9.5 -1.9 4.6 25th 0 21.6 lowest 0%
Mardie 27.8 +0.1 33.5 30th 10.8 -0.9 6.8 26th 0 13.1 lowest 0%
Onslow Airport 26.7 +1.4 32.7 29th 12.2 -0.7 9.3 14th 0 19.0 lowest 0%
Wittenoom 24.4 +0.2 29.3 30th 10.0 -1.5 6.0 25th 34.2 14.0 high 244%
West Gascoyne (district 06)
Carnarvon Airport 23.8 +1.5 30.3 5th 10.2 -0.7 6.3 19th 2.6 44.1 v low 6%
Denham 22.2 +0.5 27.5 5th         18.2 39.6 low 46%
Emu Creek Station 26.3 +0.8 32.1 31st 9.2 -2.1 5.6 26th 0 21.3 lowest 0%
Murchison 21.8 +0.8 26.8 5th 6.3 +0.2 1.5 13th 0.1 27.8 v low 0%
Shark Bay Airport 23.1 +0.4 29.1 5th 10.3 -0.2 5.3 14th 15.0 28.0 low 54%
East Gascoyne (district 07)
Newman Aero 22.3 -0.7 27.6 30th 5.3 -0.8 1.6 10th 29.6 15.2 high 195%
Paraburdoo Aero 24.6 -0.2 30.4 30th 8.4 -1.3 5.2 25th 0 13.9 lowest 0%
Murchison (district 07A)
Meekatharra Airport 20.7 +1.7 26.0 30th 6.6 -0.8 2.6 24th 0.4 21.3 v low 2%
Mount Magnet Aero 19.7 +1.0 25.2 6th 7.1 +0.1 3.1 10th 1.6 29.7 v low 5%
Paynes Find                 17.8 35.4 low 50%
North Coast (district 08)
Dalwallinu 17.2 +0.4 23.9 1st 6.2 +0.4 2.8 11th 48.2 46.3 average 104%
Geraldton Airport 20.3   25.8 1st 9.0   4.2 13th 54.2
Kalbarri 22.2 +0.5 28.3 5th 10.0 +0.3 3.9 19th 22.5 68.7 low 33%
Morawa Airport                 29.4 43.5 low 68%
Mullewa 19.8 +1.0 25.7 1st 7.3 +0.3 3.2 14th 25.2 59.3 low 42%
North Island 21.6 +0.6 25.5 5th 15.3 0.0 7.9 19th 38.6 70.4 v low 55%
Wongan Hills 17.1 +0.1 24.5 1st 7.1 +0.5 3.0 3rd 68.8 69.1 average 100%
Central Coast (district 09)
Badgingarra Research Stn 17.3 -0.3 23.0 1st 7.1 -0.1 3.9 23rd 130.2 104.7 high 124%
Bickley 15.0 -0.1 19.1 5th 7.7 +0.6 3.2 3rd 225.8 217.3 average 104%
Garden Island HSF 17.9 +0.1 21.5 1st 11.9 +0.9 8.2 9th 131.0 116.1 high 113%
Gingin Aero 18.2 -0.1 23.8 1st 7.4 +1.3 0.7 10th 128.0 124.6 average 103%
Gosnells City 18.9 +0.3 23.1 5th 9.2 +0.5 3.5 10th 173.0 162.2 average 107%
Jandakot Aero 18.2 +0.3 22.2 5th 7.9 +1.2 0.2 4th 186.2 174.6 average 107%
Jurien Bay 20.1 +0.6 24.0 5th 10.4 +1.1 7.0 4th 143.0 113.0 high 127%
Karnet 15.9 +0.5 19.8 1st 7.2 +1.0 1.4 3rd 239.9 218.3 average 110%
Lancelin 19.7 +0.5 24.0 6th 10.7 +0.8 5.0 10th 119.5 120.7 average 99%
Medina Research Centre 18.4 +0.1 22.7 5th 9.4 +1.2 2.1 10th 139.4 147.2 average 95%
Pearce RAAF 18.3 +0.5 22.9 1st 8.6 +0.2 2.3 3rd 105.2 134.4 low 78%
Perth Airport 18.4 +0.5 22.6 1st 8.5 +0.5 2.3 3rd 135.6 156.5 average 87%
Perth Metro 18.5 +0.1 23.0 1st 9.0 +1.4 2.8 10th 151.2 168.5 average 90%
Rottnest Island 18.0 +0.3 21.5 1st 12.6 +0.3 10.1 22nd
Swanbourne 18.8 +0.5 22.9 1st 10.5 +0.9 4.8 10th 209.0 149.5 v high 140%
South Coast (district 09A)
Albany 16.7 +1.0 21.8 1st 9.8 +1.7 4.7 4th 121.0 143.1 average 85%
Albany Airport 16.4   20.9 1st 8.1   0.7 4th 120.2
Bridgetown 15.6 -0.1 19.2 1st 6.5 +2.2 -0.8 18th 186.4 123.1 v high 151%
Bunbury 18.1 +0.9 20.5 5th 8.6 +1.6 1.9 18th 127.6 142.3 average 90%
Busselton Aero 17.0 +0.3 19.4 1st 7.9 +1.2 2.6 18th 169.8 131.2 high 129%
Cape Leeuwin 17.2 +0.8 21.5 1st 12.1 +0.8 8.1 18th 165.4 181.4 average 91%
Cape Naturaliste 17.3 +1.0 21.8 1st 11.4 +1.0 7.4 18th 181.8 161.1 high 113%
Collie East 16.3 +0.1 20.0 5th 5.7 +2.1 -1.2 4th 191.6 130.0 high 147%
Donnybrook 17.3 +0.8 21.3 5th 7.6 +1.9 3.0 3rd 182.0 186.2 average 98%
Dwellingup 15.6 +0.6 19.5 1st 6.7 +1.3 0.0 4th 240.0 236.8 average 101%
Esperance 18.2 +1.0 25.6 6th 8.7 +0.4 3.3 4th 140.4 97.2 high 144%
Esperance Aero 17.4 +1.1 25.8 2nd 7.9 +0.4 2.9 4th 93.2 79.2 high 118%
Hopetoun North 15.8 -2.3 23.3 1st 5.6 -2.1 -1.1 4th 76.6 70.8 average 108%
Jarrahwood 16.8 +0.4 19.7 5th 6.7 +1.9 -1.1 18th 240.4 175.8 high 137%
Mandurah 17.8 +0.4 19.8 5th 11.3 +0.7 6.2 3rd
Manjimup 14.8 +0.4 19.2 1st 7.4 +1.0 3.2 3rd 186.8 174.2 average 107%
North Walpole 16.1   21.4 1st 9.6   5.2 4th 200.6 178.2 high 113%
Pemberton 15.7 +0.7 20.8 1st 7.9 +0.7 3.9 18th 277.0 210.1 high 132%
Rocky Gully 14.8 +0.1 18.9 1st 7.4 +1.0 2.1 3rd 180.4 100.7 high 179%
Shannon 14.6 -0.3 19.8 1st 7.7 +1.3 1.9 3rd 239.6 170.4 high 141%
Windy Harbour 17.0 +0.2 19.9 5th 9.4 +0.8 2.2 18th 254.6 193.5 high 132%
Witchcliffe 16.4 0.0 21.0 1st 9.4 +1.4 1.2 18th 252.2 193.2 high 131%
North Central (district 10)
Bencubbin         6.7 +0.7 1.6 11th 39.1 45.3 average 86%
Cunderdin Airfield 16.8 -0.2 23.4 1st 5.6 +1.1 0.5 17th 62.6 49.3 average 127%
Kellerberrin                 54.5 51.6 average 106%
Merredin 16.5 +0.2 23.7 1st 6.4 +0.9 1.4 3rd 47.4 50.5 average 94%
Northam 17.2 +0.3 22.4 1st 5.5 +0.1 0.7 3rd 87.0 82.3 average 106%
York 17.1 +0.1 21.5 1st 4.5 +0.9 0.4 3rd 73.0 71.2 average 103%
South Central (district 10A)
Beverley 17.2 +0.4 21.4 2nd 5.6 +0.5 0.6 3rd 79.8 77.5 average 103%
Brookton 16.3 +0.2 19.6 1st 4.4 -0.1 -0.5 3rd 85.3 85.6 average 100%
Corrigin 16.2 +0.9 22.4 1st 5.7 +0.8 -0.2 4th 58.8 59.9 average 98%
Hyden 16.9 +0.5 24.0 1st 5.6 +1.0 0.5 3rd 50.7 47.9 average 106%
Jacup 15.9 +0.3 23.0 1st 6.4 +0.9 1.7 4th 75.2 52.0 high 145%
Katanning 14.6 -0.2 18.6 1st 6.9 +1.0 1.9 18th 81.6 64.7 high 126%
Lake Grace 15.7 +0.1 22.3 1st 6.4 +1.2 1.9 3rd 54.8 38.6 high 142%
Narembeen 16.7 +0.2 23.4 1st 6.0 +0.6 1.6 11th 76.2 50.2 high 152%
Narrogin 15.3 +0.7 21.0 1st 6.5 +1.3 0.5 3rd 85.8 86.9 average 99%
Newdegate Research Station 15.4 +0.2 21.5 1st 4.9 +0.9 -1.2 4th 63.4 47.8 average 133%
Ongerup 15.1 +0.1 20.6 1st 6.5 +0.7 1.6 4th 61.4 49.7 high 124%
Pingelly 15.9 +0.6 20.0 2nd 5.8 +0.3 0.3 3rd 80.6 81.8 average 99%
Ravensthorpe 16.8 +0.5 23.6 1st 7.3 +0.6 3.2 4th 41.7 47.3 average 88%
Wagin 15.6 +0.3 21.4 1st 6.9 +1.4 1.2 4th 60.7 70.6 average 86%
Eucla (district 11)
Balladonia 18.6 +1.0 26.0 6th 4.5 -0.3 -3.3 4th 20.1 20.6 average 98%
Eucla 18.6 +0.6 24.0 27th 7.2 +0.2 3.3 5th 28.6 25.3 average 113%
Eyre 18.8 +0.6 25.7 6th 4.5 -1.3 -1.5 22nd 28.4 34.9 average 81%
Forrest 18.5 -0.1 23.9 27th 4.8 -0.3 -0.2 1st 3.4 15.8 low 22%
Red Rocks Point 18.3   25.1 6th 7.6   4.2 5th 46.4 41.5 average 112%
South East (district 12)
Bulga Downs 19.9 +0.7 25.1 5th 4.2 -0.7 1.5 2nd 1.8 23.8 v low 8%
Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport 17.8 +1.1 24.0 6th 5.5 +0.5 0.7 11th 11.4 24.9 low 46%
Laverton Aero 18.9 +0.6 23.8 5th 4.8 -1.1 0.0 25th 3.2 16.8 low 19%
Leinster Aero 19.4 +0.7 24.5 30th 6.0 -0.1 0.9 10th 0.4 19.0 low 2%
Leonora Aero 19.5   24.2 6th 5.4   0.8 10th 0.6
Munglinup West 17.1 +0.5 24.8 1st 6.7 +0.1 1.7 4th 42.0 43.6 average 96%
Norseman Aero 17.4 +0.1 25.1 6th 3.7 -0.3 -3.5 4th 27.4 22.9 average 120%
Salmon Gums Res.Stn. 17.3 +1.2 25.1 6th 5.6 +1.0 -4.3 4th 30.0 36.9 average 81%
Southern Cross Airfield 16.8 +0.2 23.7 6th 4.3 +0.9 -1.1 11th 29.8 33.5 average 89%
Yeelirrie 20.3 +1.0 25.8 30th 2.8 -0.7 -1.8 10th 0.9 17.4 v low 5%
North East (district 13)
Carnegie 20.9 -0.4 25.4 30th 6.9 +1.1 2.9 27th 41.2 11.9 high 346%
Giles Meteorological Office 20.5 +0.5 26.0 28th 6.2 -0.6 0.6 24th 1.0 11.3 average 9%
Telfer Aero 23.8 -1.5 29.6 31st 10.0 -0.6 6.1 3rd 22.2 13.1 high 169%
Warburton Airfield 20.8 +0.1 25.8 27th 4.3 -1.4 -1.2 16th 3.4 12.8 average 27%
Wiluna 20.6 +1.2 25.8 30th         0 14.9 lowest 0%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Adele Island 27.1   29.4 28th 22.6   19.0 13th
Browse Island 27.9   29.1 30th 24.7   21.6 13th
Christmas Island Aero 26.4 +0.2 27.2 6th 22.9 +0.4 21.0 4th 49.8 95.1 average 52%
Cocos Island Airport 28.1 0.0 29.5 1st 24.5 +0.5 22.8 11th 138.2 213.4 average 65%

Notes

A Monthly Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in Western Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

A Climate Summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 August 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries