Western Australia in November 2016: Hot in the far north; dry in the south

Rainfall in November 2016 was mostly below average over the southern half of WA, though generally near average or above average in the northern half. Mean maximum temperatures were above average across large parts of WA whilst overnight temperatures were very warm in much of the Kimberley, Pilbara and inland WA, but cooler than normal in southern coastal parts.

Dry in the south

  • Total rainfall averaged across WA in November was close to normal, but was the lowest for nineteen years, since 1997
  • Rainfall for the South West Land Division (SWLD) was below average and the lowest for nine years, since 2007
  • Thunderstorms and showers were reported in the Kimberley through much of November and a few sites recorded their highest November rainfall total for at least 20 years
  • Two or three rain events with mostly light falls were recorded in the south of the State in November; several sites had their driest November for at least 20 years

Warm in the north; cool nights in the south coastal

  • WA mean maximum temperature was 1.4 °C above average and ranked eleventh highest in November on record
  • Mean maximum temperatures were very much above average in parts of the west and north Kimberley; Kununurra Aerodrome recorded its hottest November for 26 years whilst Troughton Island recorded its hottest November on record
  • The SWLD mean maximum temperature was 2.4 °C above average, the seventh hottest November on record
  • WA mean minimum temperature was 0.6 °C above average, but was the lowest for five years, since 2011, highlighting that recent years have seen relatively warm Novembers in WA.
  • The SWLD mean minimum temperature in November 2016 was close to average, but was the coolest November for eight years since 2008
  • Daily minimum temperatures in the high twenties to low thirties were common in the west Kimberley, with several sites setting a new record for their highest November daily minimum temperature including Derby Aerodrome which equalled or exceeded its previous record on four occasions
  • Several sites also recorded their warmest November mean minimum temperature on record, including Broome Airport with its 77 years of record
  • Eyre recorded a minimum of -2.1 °C on the 14th, which was a new State record for WA, replacing the previous WA record in November of -2.0 °C at Eyre on 9 November 1999
  • Below average temperatures across southern WA saw a few sites record their lowest November mean minimum temperature for over 20 years

Further information

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Extremes in November 2016
Hottest day 45.3 °C at Mandora on the 6th
Warmest days on average 41.9 °C at Marble Bar
Coolest days on average 20.5 °C at North Walpole
Coldest day 14.5 °C at Mount Barker on the 9th
Coldest night -2.1 °C at Eyre on the 14th
Coolest nights on average 7.1 °C at Newdegate Research Station
Warmest nights on average 28.7 °C at Browse Island
27.3 °C at Broome Airport
Warmest night 31.5 °C at Mandora on the 6th
31.5 °C at Argyle Aerodrome on the 8th
31.5 °C at Warmun on the 9th
Warmest on average overall 34.1 °C at Wyndham Aero
Coolest on average overall 15.4 °C at North Walpole
Wettest overall 138.8 mm at Charnley River
Wettest day 63.0 mm at Kimberley Downs on the 23rd
Strongest wind gust 104 km/h at Warburton Airfield on the 9th

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest November daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Christmas Island Aero 189.4 on the 27th 129.0 on the 11th in 1974 44



Record highest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Christmas Island Aero 611.0 526.5 in 1981 44 156.8

Highest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
November
Kimberley Downs 130.2 153.6 in 1973* 29.6
Charnley River 138.8 191.2 in 1990* 51.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest November total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Walpole 10.8 11.4 in 1972 64 62.8
Laverton Aero 0.2 3.8 in 2005 23 18.7

Lowest November total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Ejanding 0.2 0.0 in 1972 11.2
Shackleton 0.8 0.0 in 1961* 12.3
Walpole Forestry 21.0 17.5 in 1986 60.9
Salmon Gums Res.Stn. 3.4 1.0 in 1990 26.3
Maida Vale 4.2 2.6 in 1982* 29.8
Gorya Valley 2.0 0.0 in 1990* 23.7
Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport 0.2 0.0 in 1994 18.3
Eyre 5.3 5.2 in 1996 21.0
Mundrabilla Station 1.2 0.4 in 1996 16.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest November mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Troughton Island 33.9 33.7 in 2015 37 33.0

Highest November mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
November
Kununurra Aero 40.7 41.4 in 1990 39.0



Record highest November daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Cape Leeuwin 21.5 on the 15th 20.7 on the 30th in 2010 110 14.2
Broome Airport 30.1 on the 19th 29.6 on the 21st in 2014 78 25.2
Bidyadanga 29.0 on the 19th = 29.0 on the 26th in 2006 58 24.0
Cygnet Bay 29.0 on the 5th 28.5 on the 26th in 1998 32 24.0
Derby Aero 29.6 on the 30th 29.1 on the 11th in 2007 32 25.5
Curtin Aero 28.8 on the 28th 28.5 on the 23rd in 2009 25 24.1
Mount Elizabeth 26.2 on the 30th = 26.2 on the 30th in 1995 24 21.7



Record lowest November temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Eyre -2.1 on the 14th -2.0 on the 9th in 1999 29 12.1



Record highest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Broome Airport 27.3 27.1 in 2015 77 25.2
Troughton Island 28.5 28.4 in 2015 37 27.5
Cygnet Bay 25.7 25.5 in 1998 31 24.0
Derby Aero 27.2 26.7 in 2014 31 25.5



Record lowest November mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Forrest 11.3 11.8 in 2010 23 13.1
Newdegate Research Station 7.1 8.5 in 2005 20 10.1

Lowest November mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
November
Eucla 12.4 11.1 in 1992 13.5
Salmon Gums Res.Stn. 8.8 8.5 in 1988* 10.2
Balladonia 9.7 =9.7 in 1994 11.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest November mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
November
Broome Airport 31.1 30.8 in 2014 77 29.4
Troughton Island 31.2 31.1 in 2015 37 30.2
Cygnet Bay 30.8 = 30.8 in 1998 31 29.7
Derby Aero 33.3 32.9 in 2014 31 31.8



Summary statistics for November 2016
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Highest for
November
2016
Mean for
November
2016
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
November
2016
Total for
November
2016
Average
for
November
Rank of
November
2016
Fraction of
November
average
North Kimberley (district 01)
Doongan 37.4 +0.8 41.2 5th 23.2 +0.4 21.4 15th 105.2 111.1 average 95%
Kalumburu 38.0 +1.0 40.4 17th 25.0 +0.4 21.9 7th 115.2 83.8 high 137%
Mount Elizabeth 36.6 +0.5 39.8 5th 22.8 +1.1 19.9 18th 72.1 76.7 average 94%
Troughton Island 33.9 +0.9 35.2 29th 28.5 +1.0 23.1 3rd 24.4 10.1 high 242%
Truscott 35.5 +0.3 37.4 4th 27.0 +0.9 24.2 23rd 4.0 23.9 low 17%
Wyndham Aero 40.9 +1.1 44.5 30th 27.2 +0.6 22.8 20th 36.2 57.2 low 63%
East Kimberley (district 02)
Argyle Aerodrome 39.1 +0.3 42.4 30th 26.4 +0.2 20.6 3rd 100.6 60.1 high 167%
Halls Creek Airport 38.9 +0.6 41.9 29th 25.2 +0.7 21.5 3rd 29.0 39.3 average 74%
Kununurra Aero 40.7 +1.7 43.8 30th 25.5 +0.3 18.6 17th 24.6 58.4 low 42%
Warmun 39.9 +0.6 44.0 30th 24.9 -0.1 18.2 17th 43.9 60.8 average 72%
West Kimberley (district 03)
Bidyadanga 36.4 +1.5 43.4 6th 25.9 +1.9 21.7 14th 0 7.6 lowest 0%
Broome Airport 34.8 +1.2 42.6 5th 27.3 +2.1 23.4 16th 0.2 9.1 average 2%
Cygnet Bay 35.9 +0.6 38.6 4th 25.7 +1.7 21.5 13th 2.1 5.7 average 37%
Derby Aero 39.4 +1.3 44.0 14th 27.2 +1.7 23.6 13th 4.6 12.4 average 37%
Fitzroy Crossing Aero 41.5 +0.7 45.1 5th 25.6 +0.1 20.8 22nd 42.8 31.8 high 135%
De Grey (district 04)
Bedout Island 32.8   38.5 6th 26.0   24.0 13th
Karratha Aero 35.9 +0.9 43.5 6th 23.5 +0.4 19.2 9th 0 1.4 lowest 0%
Legendre Island 31.9   41.5 6th 24.5   21.1 9th
Mandora 38.2 +1.6 45.3 6th 23.2 +1.4 17.4 14th 0 6.4 lowest 0%
Marble Bar 41.9 +1.3 45.0 20th 25.5 +1.5 19.5 10th 4.2 9.2 average 46%
Port Hedland Airport 37.7 +1.4 44.9 6th 23.2 +1.8 18.6 11th 0.4 2.5 average 16%
Roebourne Aero 39.4 +0.6 45.1 7th 22.7 +0.3 16.9 13th 0 2.8 v low 0%
Fortescue (district 05)
Barrow Island Airport 31.4 +0.9 37.3 28th 23.2 +0.2 20.0 9th 0.2 1.6 average 13%
Learmonth Airport 35.4 +0.9 41.8 28th 18.4 -0.1 14.8 12th 0.2 1.8 high 11%
Mardie 36.4 0.0 44.1 6th 21.0 +0.9 17.4 13th 0.2 1.5 high 13%
Onslow Airport 35.3 +0.9 43.4 6th 20.9 +0.8 17.2 10th 0.2 2.8 high 7%
Wittenoom 39.4 +1.3 42.9 20th 25.0 +1.4 20.5 17th 11.2 9.7 average 115%
West Gascoyne (district 06)
Carnarvon Airport 29.8 +2.2 40.1 24th 18.9 +0.2 13.7 10th 0 4.0 lowest 0%
Denham 28.4 +0.7 39.0 24th 18.0 -0.7 12.5 1st 2.4 3.1 high 77%
Emu Creek Station 37.6 +0.7 42.5 28th 19.0 -0.4 15.4 3rd 0 4.3 lowest 0%
Murchison 34.9 +0.7 41.0 5th 17.5 +0.9 12.3 10th 8.0 7.1 average 113%
Shark Bay Airport 31.3 +0.9 40.5 24th 17.6 -0.1 13.0 10th 2.2 2.2 high 100%
East Gascoyne (district 07)
Newman Aero 38.1 +0.7 41.8 30th 21.8 +0.8 16.7 11th 9.6 13.0 average 74%
Paraburdoo Aero 38.4 +0.1 42.4 29th 21.5 0.0 17.8 17th 8.6 8.4 average 102%
Murchison (district 07A)
Meekatharra Airport 35.0 +1.7 41.5 28th 20.3 +1.6 14.4 9th 10.6 11.9 average 89%
Mount Magnet Aero 34.2 +1.6 40.9 28th 18.7 +0.8 12.5 9th 2.8 11.0 low 25%
Paynes Find 33.8 +2.1 40.2 15th 16.1 +0.7 10.3 10th 0.2 10.6 low 2%
North Coast (district 08)
Dalwallinu 31.9 +1.5 40.2 5th 12.7 -0.4 5.9 12th 0.6 9.2 low 7%
Geraldton Airport 29.1   42.0 14th 13.2   7.9 12th 5.6
Kalbarri 29.9 +1.6 40.8 14th 15.4 +0.4 9.9 8th 2.2 7.1 average 31%
Morawa Airport 33.4 +1.3 41.1 5th 14.1 -0.4 8.4 10th 1.2 10.4 low 12%
Mullewa 33.1 +2.0 41.5 5th 15.3 +0.9 9.0 10th 0.6 8.8 low 7%
North Island 25.8 +0.4 33.4 14th 18.6 0.0 16.2 10th 3.8 7.1 average 54%
Wongan Hills 31.7 +2.6 40.0 5th 12.9 -0.3 7.1 12th 2.0 12.5 low 16%
Central Coast (district 09)
Badgingarra Research Stn 29.0 +0.6 40.0 5th     6.2 10th 0 19.4 lowest 0%
Bickley 26.3 +1.4 35.1 26th 11.9 0.0 7.5 7th 15.2 42.4 low 36%
Garden Island HSF 23.1 -0.8 34.2 26th 15.3 -0.5 11.1 1st 17.0 23.1 average 74%
Gingin Aero 29.2 +1.2 39.6 26th 10.6 -1.4 3.4 10th 5.6 19.6 low 29%
Gosnells City 28.7 +1.2 37.8 26th 13.8 -0.7 8.2 10th
Jandakot Aero 27.5 +1.2 37.9 26th 11.8 -0.8 5.0 10th 7.2 28.3 low 25%
Jurien Bay 27.2 +1.3 40.0 14th 13.8 +0.2 7.9 1st 3.8 17.8 low 21%
Karnet 25.8 +1.4 35.0 15th 11.4 0.0 5.1 10th 24.5 46.4 low 53%
Lancelin 25.7 +0.8 38.5 14th 15.0 +0.8 9.8 8th 9.4 20.5 average 46%
Medina Research Centre 27.7 +1.7 39.0 26th 12.7 -0.7 5.1 10th 28.0 31.7 average 88%
Pearce RAAF 29.7 +2.5 39.9 26th 11.7 -0.8 4.9 10th 7.4 23.2 low 32%
Perth Airport 28.3 +2.4 38.2 26th 12.4 -0.3 5.1 12th 5.6 26.2 low 21%
Perth Metro 27.7 +1.1 38.2 26th 13.6 -0.7 8.2 10th 14.4 18.0 average 80%
Rottnest Island 23.3 +0.2 35.9 26th 15.9 -0.1 11.8 1st 12.6 20.1 average 63%
Swanbourne 25.6 +0.2 37.5 14th 14.7 0.0 10.4 21st 6.6 24.1 low 27%
South Coast (district 09A)
Albany 20.6 +0.2 39.0 15th 12.6 +0.2 7.2 10th 22.7 44.8 low 51%
Albany Airport 22.4   38.8 15th 9.7   3.4 10th 22.2
Bridgetown 25.3 +1.0 34.5 26th 7.9 -1.6 1.6 1st 10.0 30.7 low 33%
Bunbury 24.5 +0.1 32.7 26th     3.6 17th 4.8 23.7 low 20%
Busselton Aero 25.4 +0.5 33.4 26th 9.7 -1.1 3.2 17th 4.8 23.6 low 20%
Cape Leeuwin 21.2 +1.0 33.3 14th 14.7 +0.5 10.9 8th 15.8 36.7 low 43%
Cape Naturaliste 22.9 +1.5 31.8 26th 12.4 -0.1 7.5 1st 6.0 25.8 low 23%
Collie East 26.8 +1.5 35.1 26th 8.3 -1.7 2.9 21st 6.2 28.8 v low 22%
Donnybrook 26.8 +1.9 36.6 27th 10.7 +0.2 4.3 17th 6.8 33.3 low 20%
Dwellingup 26.4 +2.7 35.8 26th 10.6 +0.2 5.4 17th 13.2 46.2 low 29%
Esperance 23.8 +0.6 37.7 27th 12.3 -0.5 7.6 2nd 16.6 34.0 low 49%
Esperance Aero 25.4 +1.1 38.2 27th 10.8 -1.2 5.7 13th 11.2 36.7 v low 31%
Hopetoun North 23.0 -0.4 40.5 15th 11.5 -0.9 6.7 14th 15.6 36.6 low 43%
Jarrahwood 25.8 +2.0 34.2 26th 8.1 -1.5 1.0 1st 8.0 42.6 v low 19%
Mandurah 25.5 +0.7 36.5 26th 15.3 -0.4 10.8 17th 11.4 24.7 low 46%
Manjimup 24.4 +2.4 34.9 15th 9.8 -0.3 5.1 2nd 16.4 46.1 low 36%
North Walpole 20.5 -0.7 31.2 14th 10.6 -1.3 7.0 21st 24.4 57.5 v low 42%
Rocky Gully 24.0 +0.8 37.2 15th 8.8 -1.1 3.1 2nd 21.4 38.7 low 55%
Shannon 22.5 -0.1 34.2 15th 9.5 -0.8 4.8 2nd 21.8 46.9 low 46%
Witchcliffe 23.1 +0.3 34.4 26th 10.0 -0.9 5.4 8th 15.4 35.3 low 44%
North Central (district 10)
Bencubbin 30.9 +1.9 39.5 15th 14.0 +0.8 7.7 12th 0 13.5 lowest 0%
Cunderdin Airfield 31.7 +1.6 40.9 15th 11.4 -1.0 2.1 12th 2.0 15.6 low 13%
Merredin 31.2 +2.5 39.2 27th 13.6 +0.3 7.3 12th 2.0 14.7 low 14%
Northam 30.6 +2.0 39.3 5th 12.1 -0.3 4.5 12th 0.6 12.3 low 5%
York 31.1 +1.7 40.1 15th 9.9 -1.3 2.0 12th 3.5 14.8 low 24%
South Central (district 10A)
Beverley 30.7 +2.1 39.6 15th 10.7 -0.9 3.4 12th 1.4 15.0 low 9%
Brookton 29.6 +2.0 39.4 15th 10.3 -0.8 2.5 12th 5.5 14.7 average 37%
Corrigin 29.6 +2.5 40.0 15th 10.8 -0.6 4.4 12th 4.0 16.6 low 24%
Hyden 31.1 +2.6 40.2 27th 10.8 -0.8 5.6 21st 3.8 19.1 low 20%
Jacup 25.9 +1.1 37.9 15th 8.4 -1.6 3.0 8th 29.2 31.0 average 94%
Katanning 26.8 +0.6 38.6 15th 8.9 -1.2 3.2 1st 8.2 23.4 low 35%
Lake Grace 28.1 +1.0 39.2 15th 10.3 -1.7 4.6 12th 6.2 25.2 low 25%
Narembeen 31.2 +2.6 39.5 15th 11.9 -0.4 6.6 12th 0.8 16.7 low 5%
Narrogin 27.9 +2.3 38.8 15th 10.4 +0.3 4.0 12th 7.8 18.3 average 43%
Newdegate Research Station 28.2 +0.8 39.4 15th 7.1 -3.0 1.4 13th 12.4 21.9 average 57%
Ongerup 27.0 +2.6 38.2 15th 9.3 -1.3 3.0 1st 8.0 25.7 low 31%
Pingelly 29.4 +3.0 36.2 26th     5.6 7th 0 15.3 lowest 0%
Ravensthorpe 25.9 +0.8 38.0 15th 10.7 -0.4 4.6 13th 25.1 30.6 average 82%
Wagin 28.3 +2.6 38.5 15th 9.5 -1.2 3.0 1st 9.8 18.1 average 54%
Wandering 28.5 +1.1 38.3 15th 8.0 -1.5 0.7 12th 15.6 19.6 average 80%
Eucla (district 11)
Balladonia 29.1 +1.2 41.5 6th 9.7 -1.7 4.0 18th 2.0 23.5 low 9%
Eucla 25.1 +0.9 41.0 16th 12.4 -1.1 4.7 1st 4.4 18.5 low 24%
Eyre 27.0 +2.6 44.0 16th 9.6 -2.5 -2.1 14th 5.3 21.0 low 25%
Forrest 29.8 -0.2 41.6 16th 11.3 -1.8 6.7 1st 2.8 21.9 v low 13%
Red Rocks Point 24.3 +0.7 43.0 16th 13.5 -1.3 6.8 2nd 2.6 19.6 v low 13%
South East (district 12)
Bulga Downs 34.2 +1.2 41.8 28th 17.7 +0.5 12.5 10th 0 11.0 lowest 0%
Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport 31.0 +2.0 41.6 6th 15.2 +1.0 9.8 12th 0.2 18.3 v low 1%
Leinster Aero 34.0 +1.4 41.5 28th 18.7 +0.5 11.5 12th 0.4 16.4 low 2%
Leonora Aero 33.8   42.0 29th 18.4   12.6 12th 4.2 20.9 v low 20%
Munglinup West 26.5 +0.4 38.5 15th 10.0 -1.5 5.3 8th 8.8 30.9 v low 28%
Norseman Aero 29.8 +1.1 41.8 6th 11.1 -1.2 3.6 13th 2.6 30.6 v low 8%
Salmon Gums Res.Stn. 28.7 +2.4 39.9 27th 8.8 -1.4 1.2 13th 3.4 26.3 v low 13%
Southern Cross Airfield 31.6 +1.6 39.7 27th 13.2 -0.1 6.7 12th 2.0 17.4 low 11%
Yeelirrie 34.2 +1.1 41.0 29th 17.2 +0.9 10.5 12th 0.2 9.9 low 2%
North East (district 13)
Carnegie 35.9 +0.3 42.1 28th 20.1 +0.8 16.1 14th 23.9 13.0 high 184%
Giles Meteorological Office 34.8 +0.5 40.5 9th 19.4 -0.6 14.0 2nd 30.8 28.6 average 108%
Telfer Aero 40.6 +1.2 44.2 7th 25.3 +1.8 20.0 12th 4.2 15.9 average 26%
Warburton Airfield 34.7 +0.3 41.8 9th 19.1 +0.4 12.1 24th 23.6 25.1 average 94%
Wiluna 34.9 +0.9 42.0 28th 19.5 +1.6 15.0 13th 58.7 11.7 v high 502%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Browse Island 31.5   33.4 27th 28.7   27.3 13th
Christmas Island Aero 27.7 +0.4 29.2 16th 23.4 +0.5 20.9 14th 611.0 156.8 highest 390%
Cocos Island Airport 29.2 +0.1 30.4 1st 25.1 +0.6 23.8 7th 199.8 100.2 high 199%
Rowley Shoals 29.3   32.9 6th 27.3   25.0 11th
Note: Observations for “Perth Metro” are taken from the current site at Mount Lawley (Bureau number 009225).
Comparisons are made against combined data from the current site (which opened in early 1993) and the previous site at Perth Regional Office (009034), which ran from 1876 to early 1992.

Notes

The Monthly climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Western Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Thursday 1 December 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

Observations for “Perth Metro” are taken from the current site at Mount Lawley (Bureau number 009225).
Comparisons are made against combined data from the current site (which opened in early 1993) and the previous site at Perth Regional Office (009034), which ran from 1876 to early 1992.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries