New South Wales in winter 2019: a dry winter with warm days but cold nights

Winter rainfall for much of NSW was very much below average, with some areas having their driest winter on record. Maximum temperatures were generally above the winter average and record warm in the northeast, but nights were cold inland.

Drier than average conditions

  • Winter rainfall totals were generally very much below average across New South Wales, with areas in the northern inland having their driest winter on record
  • Several inland sites and a few on the South Coast had their lowest total winter rainfall on record, with many more having their driest for several decades
  • Rainfall totals were close to average for many areas close to the coast, and above average in parts of the Hunter coast following rain at the end of August
  • Total winter rainfall for New South Wales was 62% below average, the fourth-lowest on record and the lowest since 1982
  • High pressure systems across the south of the country have dominated the winter weather, leading to lower rainfalls than usual
  • Rainfall for the year to date has been below average over most of New South Wales, with areas of record low in the northeast

Days very much warmer than average, but cold nights inland

  • Mean maximum temperatures for winter were above average across New South Wales, very much above average in the eastern half and record high in parts of the northeast of the State
  • Many sites, especially in the northeast and including Quirindi, Bathurst and Glen Innes had their highest winter mean daily maximum temperature on record; several others had their second-highest
  • Cold nights were common in June and August, especially inland in the south, but coastal areas were mostly warmer than average for winter
  • The mean maximum temperature for the State was 1.44 °C above average and the fifth-warmest winter on record; the last three winters have all been in the warmest ten
  • The State's mean minimum temperature was 0.53 °C above average, and the overall mean temperature was the eighth-warmest on record at 0.99°C above average
  • Temperatures for the year to date have been above average over most of New South Wales, with areas of record high mean maximum temperature in the east

Strong winds and snow

  • A complex low in early June brought heavy snow to the Blue Mountain and wind gusts of up to 130km/h
  • A series of cold fronts moving across the State between 11 and 15 July brought blizzard conditions to alpine regions and a maximum wind gust of 131km/h to Thredbo on 14 July
  • A significant cold outbreak in brought snow to the Alps from about 7 August, and by 10 and 11 August many locations above about 600 m received snow, including Orange, Guyra, Lithgow, Canberra, the Barrington Tops and the Blue Mountains

Further information

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Extremes in winter 2019
Hottest day 31.1 °C at Bourke Airport AWS on 18 Aug
Warmest days on average 22.5 °C at Grafton Research Stn
Coolest days on average 1.4 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day -5.2 °C at Thredbo AWS on 13 Jul
Coldest night -12.3 °C at Glen Innes Airport AWS on 19 Jul
Coolest nights on average -4.3 °C at Thredbo AWS
Warmest nights on average 13.3 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Warmest night 17.1 °C at Bellambi AWS on 13 Jun
17.1 °C at Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) on 13 Jun
17.1 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) on 19 Aug
Warmest on average overall 16.7 °C at Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS)
Coolest on average overall -1.5 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 527.0 mm at Perisher Valley AWS
Wettest day 145.2 mm at Whoota on 5 Jun
Strongest wind gust 131 km/h at Thredbo AWS on 14 Jul

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record lowest winter total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 34.8 35.6 in 1888 146 191.9
Brewarrina Hospital 1.0 7.8 in 1982 143 82.4
Gulgong Post Office 17.2 30.6 in 1888 138 143.8
Sofala Old Post Office 28.6 33.8 in 2017 128 144.0
Wallabadah (Woodton) 40.0 44.7 in 2002 120 176.3
Uralla (Dumaresq St) 13.6 32.8 in 1982 115 162.0
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 30.3 36.0 in 1940 108 156.2
Moonan Flat (High St) 37.2 40.4 in 1935 108 151.0
Ulan Water 19.0 30.7 in 1982 96 137.6
Willow Tree (Parraweena) 22.6 27.7 in 1940 88 134.9
Bowning (Wanganui) 57.6 57.7 in 1944 86 195.1
Inverell Research Centre 32.0 33.4 in 1982 69 136.4
Snowball 48.0 48.4 in 1995 64 209.6
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 38.7 43.4 in 1997 61 147.9
Dungog - Main Creek (Yeranda) 78.4 83.8 in 1962 57 197.2
Garah (Delvin) 18.0 20.8 in 1970 53 93.7
Nowendoc (Green Hills) 68.0 68.4 in 1995 44 179.8
Canberra Parliament House 33.8 34.2 in 1982 40 130.0
Gowrie (Lallybroch) 41.1 45.4 in 1982 40 143.9
Guyra Hospital 33.8 48.8 in 1997 37 158.6
Torrens (Darke St) 46.6 60.6 in 2018 36 149.1
Nundle (Keeva) 59.2 64.6 in 1997 28 204.6
Walgett Airport AWS 6.6 11.6 in 1994 27 79.2
Scone Airport AWS 26.8 33.2 in 1994 26 117.8
Woolgarlo (Ildemere) 62.8 138.4 in 2018 26 262.6
Armidale Airport AWS 25.6 56.0 in 1997 25 132.1
Bega AWS 18.0 20.6 in 2002 25 133.6
Inverell (Raglan St) 31.6 41.8 in 2002 25 125.0
Moree Aero 18.2 27.0 in 1997 25 97.6
Mudgee Airport AWS 22.2 31.8 in 2002 25 121.1
Glen Innes Airport AWS 34.4 52.8 in 2002 23 147.4
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 99.3 101.2 in 2018 23 174.6
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 43.4 54.6 in 2018 23 136.7
Coonamble Airport AWS 19.2 23.8 in 2017 22 103.7
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 19.5 28.0 in 2002 22 94.4
Hanging Rock (Andeva) 74.6 82.0 in 2002 21 256.1
West Wyalong Airport AWS 47.8 50.8 in 2002 21 119.1

Lowest winter total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
winter
Nyngan Airport 12.0 8.4 in 1888 92.1
Emmaville (Strathbogie) 25.4 20.8 in 1940* 150.2
Uralla (Salisbury Court) 31.4 17.8 in 1940* 158.2
Mungindi Post Office 13.4 11.5 in 1946 91.0
Croppa Creek (Krui Plains) 21.0 7.8 in 1946* 107.2
Barraba (Clifton Lane) 21.8 21.5 in 1946* 128.8
Wentworth (Burtundy) 17.0 7.3 in 1880* 73.6
Oberon (Jenolan Caves) 77.5 53.2 in 1940* 248.4
Boggabri (Retreat) 31.0 29.8 in 1972* 122.8
Lake Victoria Storage 26.3 17.7 in 1982 69.8
Narrabri (Mollee) 14.4 11.4 in 1982 114.0
Warialda Post Office 28.9 16.7 in 1982 128.7
Aranda (Bindaga St) 50.8 38.4 in 1982* 147.7
Burrinjuck Dam 135.5 48.1 in 1982* 295.5
Culcairn Bowling Club 79.6 32.1 in 1982* 172.4
Dunedoo Post Office 33.7 25.6 in 1982* 129.7
Gilgandra (Chelmsford Ave) 15.6 13.8 in 1982* 127.7
Mendooran Post Office 19.4 19.2 in 1982* 129.8
Merriwa (Roscommon) 23.8 13.6 in 1982* 107.6
Nimmitabel Wastewater Treatment Facility 44.2 24.7 in 1980* 161.5
Pindari Dam 27.3 22.4 in 1982* 115.5
Wellington (D&J Rural) 30.1 18.6 in 1982* 148.2
Wentworth Post Office 23.3 16.7 in 1982* 75.9
Bingara Post Office 30.0 23.4 in 1982* 143.4
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 42.0 31.6 in 1982* 146.4
Brindabella (Koolami) 121.0 48.4 in 1982* 284.1
Eumungerie Post Office 16.5 15.4 in 1982* 125.3
Murringo (Windermere) 72.4 48.5 in 1982* 181.5
Quambone Station 15.5 10.0 in 1982* 97.5
Sapphire (Argyle) 23.8 23.2 in 1982* 144.5
Tumut (Simpson Street) 116.7 51.4 in 1982* 252.7
Lake Cargelligo Airport 40.8 21.4 in 1982* 104.5
Uralla (Blue Nobby) 45.0 37.2 in 1982* 139.7
Glen Morrison (Millbank) 61.4 50.6 in 1982* 185.5
Berridale (Bolton Street) 40.6 40.5 in 1979* 101.0
Bruce (Australian Institute of Sport) 50.2 34.0 in 1982* 158.5
Brungle (Bonnie Doon) 110.4 56.2 in 1982* 221.4
Barraba (Mount Lindsay) 36.6 28.2 in 1982* 228.3
Pine Ridge (Billabong) 33.2 25.0 in 1982* 110.0
Collarenebri (Bundabarina) 10.4 5.6 in 1994 88.5
Cooma Visitors Centre 33.4 28.3 in 1994 93.4
Nullo Mountain AWS 69.4 27.8 in 1994 188.2
O'Connell (Stratford) 59.0 48.4 in 1982* 151.3
Young Airport 64.0 34.8 in 1994 165.5
Broken Hill Airport AWS 6.4 3.0 in 1994* 50.2
Collarenebri (Albert St) 10.8 6.6 in 1994* 93.6
Adaminaby Alpine Tourist Park 93.8 73.4 in 1994* 171.6
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 25.0 22.0 in 1997 121.8
Bulga (Down Town) 35.2 31.4 in 1997 106.4
Tamworth Airport AWS 37.6 33.0 in 1997 131.0
Tweed Heads Golf Club 155.8 151.2 in 1995* 292.3
Weabonga (Stoneleigh) 55.8 46.6 in 1997* 180.7
Old Koreelah (McPherson) 60.2 58.6 in 1997* 136.0
Ungarie Post Office 37.2 28.2 in 1994* 112.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest winter temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Parkes Airport AWS 25.0 on 18 Aug = 25.0 on 23 Aug 2009 22 15.1



Record lowest winter daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Orange Airport AWS 2.1 on 10 Aug = 2.1 on 27 Jul 2000 24 10.6



Record highest winter mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Quirindi Post Office 18.9 18.7 in 1910 97 16.9
Bathurst Agricultural Station 14.2 14.1 in 2017 95 12.2
Dunedoo Post Office 18.0 17.8 in 2017 60 16.2
Inverell Research Centre 18.3 18.1 in 2009 60 15.9
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 21.3 20.7 in 2002 49 19.3
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 15.5 14.9 in 2018 45 13.3
Guyra Hospital 13.1 12.7 in 2002 34 11.3
Bathurst Airport AWS 14.1 = 14.1 in 2013 27 12.8
Cessnock Airport AWS 19.7 19.2 in 2013 27 18.3
Mudgee Airport AWS 16.9 16.4 in 2017 27 15.2
Scone Airport AWS 19.2 18.7 in 2018 27 17.4
Tamworth Airport AWS 18.8 18.7 in 2018 27 17.3
Dubbo Airport AWS 18.3 18.1 in 2017 26 16.5
Grafton Research Stn 22.5 22.4 in 2018 25 20.9
Armidale Airport AWS 14.4 14.0 in 2002 24 12.9
Inverell (Raglan St) 18.9 18.6 in 2009 24 17.4
Mangrove Mountain AWS 17.4 = 17.4 in 2013 24 16.3
Moree Aero 21.2 20.7 in 2017 24 19.2
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 20.9 20.3 in 2013 23 19.5
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 13.8 = 13.8 in 2011 23 13.1
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 15.5 14.8 in 2018 22 13.8
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 16.4 16.2 in 2009 22 15.2
Glen Innes Airport AWS 15.6 15.4 in 2002 22 14.0
Taree Airport AWS 20.0 19.9 in 2009 21 19.2

Highest winter mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Yamba Pilot Station 21.2 =21.2 in 1897 19.6
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 17.9 18.2 in 1940* 16.0
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 16.8 =16.8 in 1994 15.2

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest winter daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Bellambi AWS 17.1 on 13 Jun 17.0 on 8 Jun 2001 23 10.6



Record lowest winter temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Bega AWS -4.7 on 24 Aug -4.3 on 22 Jul 2017 28 3.0



Record highest winter mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Inverell (Raglan St) 3.8 3.0 in 1998 24 0.5
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 10.2 10.1 in 2001 20 9.3



Record highest winter mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Inverell Research Centre 11.4 = 11.4 in 1973 60 10.1
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 14.2 14.1 in 1988 49 12.7
Tabulam (Muirne) 13.7 13.6 in 1993 47 12.5
Scone Airport AWS 11.6 11.5 in 2013 27 10.7
Grafton Research Stn 15.6 15.5 in 2016 24 14.2
Inverell (Raglan St) 11.4 9.9 in 2016 24 8.9
Moree Aero 13.2 13.1 in 2009 24 12.2
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 10.9 10.8 in 2009 22 10.1
Coonamble Airport AWS 11.9 = 11.9 in 2005 21 11.2
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 14.9 14.8 in 2016 20 14.1

Highest winter mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
winter
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 9.3 9.8 in 1993* 8.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for winter 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2019
Mean for
winter
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2019
Total for
winter
2019
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2019
Fraction of
winter
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 18.5 +0.5 27.2 11 Jun 4.8 -0.3 -1.5 20 Jun 4.4 44.4 v low 10%
Smithville AWS 19.5   28.7 11 Jun 5.1   -2.1 21 Jun 0.2
Tibooburra Airport 19.6 +0.4 27.9 11 Jun 7.2 0.0 1.3 21 Jun 2.4 33.7 v low 7%
Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS) 19.5   27.6 18 Aug 6.8   -0.5 21 Jun 18.6
White Cliffs AWS 18.9 +0.4 27.5 11 Jun 6.4 0.0 0.3 21 Jun 8.4 47.3 v low 18%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 18.0 -0.6 26.4 18 Aug 3.4 -1.2 -3.5 23 Jun 19.6 61.2 low 32%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 17.0 +0.5 25.2 11 Jun 5.2 -0.1 -0.9 24 Jun 6.4 50.2 v low 13%
Lake Victoria Storage 17.3 +1.2 25.5 24 Aug     0.0 30 Aug 26.3 69.8 v low 38%
Menindee Post Office     24.9 7 Aug 4.3 -0.5 -2.0 24 Jun 17.5 57.5 low 30%
Mulurulu AWS 17.3   24.1 11 Jun 3.9   -2.6 14 Aug 35.4
Pooncarie Mail Agency 18.3 +0.4 25.1 11 Jun 4.5 -0.5 -1.5 24 Jun 28.9 69.9 low 41%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 20.3 +0.8 31.1 18 Aug 4.8 -0.3 -3.4 21 Jun 16.8 57.1 low 29%
Brewarrina Hospital 20.9 +1.7 30.2 18 Aug 4.8 -0.4 -1.6 22 Jun 1.0 82.4 lowest 1%
Cobar Airport AWS 18.2 +0.8 28.9 18 Aug 3.7 -0.2 -4.7 21 Jun 22.6 73.6 low 31%
Cobar MO 18.2 +1.4 28.8 18 Aug 5.7 -0.1 -1.2 20 Jun 19.4 82.5 v low 24%
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 21.0 +0.9 29.5 18 Aug 6.5 +0.6 0.2 21 Jun 19.5 94.4 lowest 21%
Noona AWS 17.9   28.2 18 Aug 5.9   0.2 23 Jun 21.6
Wanaaring (Delta AWS) 19.7   30.7 18 Aug 4.3   -3.8 21 Jun 9.6
Wanaaring Post Office 20.2 +0.4 30.5 18 Aug 4.1 -0.8 -2.4 21 Jun 6.1 52.1 v low 12%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 16.8 +0.4 22.6 24 Aug 4.8 +0.6 -0.6 24 Jun 56.3 85.0 low 66%
Euabalong (Mount Hope AWS) 17.0   27.4 18 Aug 2.3   -5.4 23 Jun 51.8
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 17.9 +0.5 26.9 18 Aug 5.6 0.0 0.3 20 Jun 27.0 62.5 low 43%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 16.9 +1.0 26.5 18 Aug 4.1 +0.7 -3.1 20 Jun 43.6 100.6 low 43%
Condobolin Airport AWS 17.2 +1.0 26.9 18 Aug 3.7 +0.4 -3.7 20 Jun 41.0 99.4 low 41%
Peak Hill Post Office 17.5 +1.3 26.5 18 Aug 4.6 -0.9 -1.6 22 Jun 41.1 129.3 v low 32%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 15.8 +0.7 24.8 18 Aug     -2.3 20 Jun 47.8 119.1 lowest 40%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 19.5 +1.4 28.9 18 Aug 4.3 +0.1 -1.8 5 Aug 19.2 103.7 lowest 19%
Girilambone (Okeh) AWS 19.2   29.1 18 Aug 5.7   0.4 15 Aug 9.8
Trangie Research Station AWS 18.5 +2.2 27.1 18 Aug 4.6 +0.7 -2.9 21 Jun 18.8 101.9 v low 18%
Walgett (Brewon AWS) 20.1   29.7 18 Aug 4.3   -1.9 14 Jul 7.2
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 22.4 +2.5 30.9 18 Aug 5.4 -0.1 -1.6 23 Jun 13.4 91.0 v low 15%
Walgett Airport AWS 20.7 +1.2 29.8 18 Aug 4.0 -0.3 -1.8 20 Jul 6.6 79.2 lowest 8%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 21.2 +2.0 28.8 18 Aug 5.2 0.0 -3.8 22 Jun 18.2 97.6 lowest 19%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba (Clifton Lane) 18.9 +1.8 24.8 18 Aug 0.5 -0.5 -7.1 22 Jun 21.8 128.8 v low 17%
Narrabri Airport AWS 20.5 +1.7 27.8 18 Aug 4.9 +0.1 -4.6 21 Jun 15.4 109.5 v low 14%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 19.7 +1.5 26.7 18 Aug 2.2 -0.5 -4.4 22 Jun 27.8 99.8 v low 28%
Quirindi Post Office 18.9 +2.0 25.5 18 Aug 1.9 -0.4 -4.4 22 Jun 38.0 142.6 v low 27%
Tamworth Airport AWS 18.8 +1.5 26.1 18 Aug 2.7 -0.2 -4.1 19 Jul 37.6 131.0 v low 29%
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 14.8 +1.2 21.0 18 Aug 0.3 +0.9 -7.0 19 Jul 38.7 147.9 lowest 26%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 15.5 +1.7 21.6 18 Aug -0.6 -0.6 -8.3 22 Jun 25.0 121.8 v low 21%
Armidale Airport AWS 14.4 +1.5 21.1 18 Aug 1.8 0.0 -5.6 22 Jun 25.6 132.1 lowest 19%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 15.5 +2.2 21.0 18 Aug 1.8 +0.5 -7.0 19 Jul 30.3 156.2 lowest 19%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 15.6 +1.6 21.0 18 Aug -0.8 -0.2 -12.3 19 Jul 34.4 147.4 lowest 23%
Guyra Hospital 13.1 +1.8 18.8 18 Aug 1.4 +0.1 -5.0 17 Jul 33.8 158.6 lowest 21%
Inverell (Raglan St) 18.9 +1.5 24.4 18 Aug 3.8 +3.3 -3.0 16 Jul 31.6 125.0 lowest 25%
Inverell Research Centre 18.3 +2.4 24.0 18 Aug 4.4 +0.1 -3.6 16 Jul 32.0 136.4 lowest 23%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 16.8 +1.6 22.5 26 Aug 0.6 -1.1 -9.1 19 Jul 42.0 146.4 v low 29%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 18.5 +1.4 23.9 17 Aug 8.9 +1.1 2.8 11 Aug 103.0 141.9 average 73%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 21.1 +0.5 27.3 19 Aug 9.6 +0.5 3.3 15 Jul 395.0 394.0 average 100%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 20.2 +0.8 26.4 19 Aug 13.3 +0.5 8.0 12 Aug 269.6 329.1 average 82%
Casino Airport AWS 22.4 +1.1 28.7 19 Aug 7.5 +0.2 0.0 20 Aug 167.4 153.5 average 109%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 21.6 +1.2 29.2 19 Aug 11.3 +0.5 4.7 16 Jul 278.8 334.7 average 83%
Grafton Airport AWS 22.4 +1.3 28.1 17 Aug 6.7 +0.6 -0.9 16 Jul 85.0 180.2 low 47%
Grafton Research Stn 22.5 +1.6 28.7 21 Aug 8.7 +1.3 2.6 16 Jul 87.8 163.9 average 54%
Lismore Airport AWS 22.1 +0.6 28.2 19 Aug 7.4 +0.5 -1.0 20 Aug
Yamba Pilot Station 21.2 +1.6 26.8 8 Aug 11.4 +1.0 7.1 22 Jun 261.8 313.5 average 84%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 21.0   26.5 8 Aug 8.9   0.8 15 Jul 248.4
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 16.4 +1.2 22.0 17 Aug 5.4 +0.5 0.0 15 Jul 206.3 285.3 average 72%
Kempsey Airport AWS 22.3 +1.7 29.1 25 Aug 5.9 +0.3 -2.6 20 Aug 76.4 179.7 average 43%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 19.6 +0.7 25.0 23 Jul 10.2 +0.9 4.0 29 Aug 169.4 276.0 low 61%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 20.9 +1.4 26.4 25 Aug 6.7 -0.4 -0.9 21 Aug 152.6 266.5 low 57%
Taree Airport AWS 20.0 +0.8 25.9 23 Jul 6.4 -0.8 -0.5 16 Jul 77.6 203.4 low 38%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 21.3 +2.0 28.1 25 Aug 7.1 +0.9 0.8 21 Jul 194.8 250.6 average 78%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 19.7 +1.4 25.8 25 Aug 4.4 -0.4 -4.6 15 Aug 77.0 118.2 average 65%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 19.3 +0.3 25.4 24 Aug 5.8 +0.2 -0.8 7 Aug 255.4 203.3 high 126%
Gosford AWS 18.6   25.6 24 Aug 7.6   1.8 16 Aug 419.8
Maitland Airport AWS 19.7   25.7 25 Aug 6.2   -0.3 16 Aug 128.6
Mangrove Mountain AWS 17.4 +1.1 24.4 24 Aug 6.0 -0.6 0.2 13 Aug 326.4 213.2 high 153%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 18.1 +1.3 25.7 18 Aug 2.6 -0.3 -5.8 22 Jun 23.8 107.6 v low 22%
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 17.9 +1.9 27.0 18 Aug 2.5 -0.1 -6.0 22 Jun 34.8 191.9 lowest 18%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 18.8 +0.6 24.6 23 Jul 10.9 +1.1 7.7 13 Aug 415.3 398.4 average 104%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 19.1 +1.6 25.0 11 Jun 10.3 +1.1 5.5 14 Aug 284.8 282.9 average 101%
Norah Head AWS 18.9 +0.8 26.3 13 Jun 10.6 +0.2 6.7 15 Aug 419.2 310.4 high 135%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 19.3 +1.1 26.3 25 Aug 6.8 0.0 -0.3 14 Aug 152.4 155.3 average 98%
Scone Airport AWS 19.2 +1.8 27.1 18 Aug 4.1 +0.2 -4.0 22 Jun 26.8 117.8 lowest 23%
Singleton Defence AWS 19.5   26.2 25 Aug 7.4   0.9 20 Jun 38.0
Williamtown RAAF 19.2 +1.3 26.1 13 Jun 7.3 +0.2 0.7 16 Aug 279.2 268.2 average 104%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Mudgee Airport AWS 16.9 +1.7 24.6 18 Aug 0.4 -1.3 -6.8 21 Jun 22.2 121.1 lowest 18%
Nullo Mountain AWS 11.0 +1.1 17.4 18 Aug 3.3 +0.3 -2.0 21 Jun 69.4 188.2 v low 37%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 14.2 +2.0 21.2 18 Aug 0.4 -0.7 -6.1 6 Aug 53.2 141.4 v low 38%
Bathurst Airport AWS 14.1 +1.3 21.7 18 Aug 0.2 -1.1 -6.5 22 Jun 42.0 118.3 v low 36%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 12.1 +0.6 19.0 18 Aug 0.7 -0.8 -6.7 14 Aug 85.2 190.3 low 45%
Marrangaroo (Defence) 12.4   19.2 18 Aug -0.8   -8.5 14 Aug 77.6
Mount Boyce AWS 11.0 +0.7 18.5 18 Aug 3.3 +0.2 -3.0 21 Jun 143.6 172.9 average 83%
Orange Airport AWS 11.4 +0.8 18.4 18 Aug 0.7 -0.1 -5.2 20 Jun 106.4 230.1 v low 46%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 17.3 +0.6 23.3 24 Aug 7.4 +0.3 2.8 13 Aug 96.4 185.6 average 52%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 17.4 +1.6 24.5 18 Aug 1.1 +0.4 -6.0 22 Jun 39.1 162.6 v low 24%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 16.2 +1.2 22.9 18 Aug 6.2 +0.4 0.2 22 Jun 32.2 122.7 v low 26%
Dunedoo Post Office 18.0 +1.8 26.0 18 Aug 2.6 -0.3 -5.0 22 Jun 33.7 129.7 v low 26%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 15.7 +0.6 24.0 18 Aug 2.2 -0.5 -3.8 6 Aug 62.2 129.5 v low 48%
Dubbo Airport AWS 18.3 +1.8 26.6 18 Aug 2.9 -0.6 -4.6 21 Jun 23.6 122.9 v low 19%
Forbes Airport AWS 16.6 +1.1 26.0 18 Aug 2.1 -0.9 -4.5 6 Aug 47.6 120.4 low 40%
Parkes Airport AWS 16.2 +1.1 25.0 18 Aug 1.7 -1.1 -4.5 6 Aug 60.2 141.5 low 43%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 17.8 +1.7 26.0 18 Aug     -4.3 6 Aug 30.1 148.2 v low 20%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 19.1 +1.0 24.8 24 Aug 6.4 +0.4 0.5 24 Aug 116.8 172.9 average 68%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 18.8 +0.6 24.6 24 Aug 6.5 +0.1 1.1 24 Aug 200.8 226.7 average 89%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 18.4   24.5 24 Aug 6.1   0.0 24 Aug 141.2
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 19.0 +0.9 25.0 24 Aug 6.5 -0.5 1.8 15 Aug 173.8 193.0 average 90%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 19.2 +2.1 25.5 24 Aug 9.6 +0.8 6.1 20 Jun 287.8 311.2 average 92%
Sydney Airport AMO 19.1 +1.4 25.9 24 Aug 9.5 +1.4 5.9 20 Jun 235.0 269.5 average 87%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 18.0 +0.4 23.9 23 Jul 11.1 +0.1 7.7 19 Jul
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 19.3   25.7 24 Aug 6.9   1.9 19 Jul 115.4
Terrey Hills AWS 17.3 +0.5 24.1 24 Aug 8.5 +0.2 3.1 14 Jul 275.8 252.3 average 109%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 18.9 +0.8 24.9 24 Aug 4.9 +0.1 -2.0 7 Aug 79.4 117.7 average 67%
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 18.6 +0.6 24.7 16 Aug 6.4 -0.1 0.7 15 Aug 96.6 146.7 average 66%
Penrith Lakes AWS 19.6 +1.0 26.0 24 Aug 5.7 -0.5 0.3 24 Aug 70.6 104.6 average 67%
Richmond RAAF 19.4 +0.9 26.2 24 Aug 4.2 -0.2 -3.3 15 Aug 66.2 114.0 low 58%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 18.5 +0.3 24.5 24 Aug 7.0 +0.4 -1.1 24 Aug 148.8 194.0 average 77%
Bellambi AWS 17.7 +0.1 24.3 24 Aug 10.4 -0.2 6.5 21 Jun 239.2 291.0 average 82%
Camden Airport AWS 19.0 +0.9 25.3 24 Aug 4.0 +0.2 -2.8 24 Aug 86.4 145.4 low 59%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 19.1 +0.9 25.0 24 Aug 4.7 0.0 -1.2 16 Aug 87.2 157.0 low 56%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 12.3   18.2 18 Aug 4.5   -2.0 21 Jun 77.8
Holsworthy Defence AWS 18.0   24.8 24 Aug 6.4   1.7 15 Aug 195.8
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 16.8 +0.3 23.2 12 Jun 10.7 +0.4 7.5 25 Jul 311.2 329.7 average 94%
Jervis Bay NSW (Jervis Bay Airfield AWS) 16.9   23.2 12 Jun 8.5   2.8 1 Jul 363.2
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 18.0 +0.4 24.5 24 Aug 10.9 +0.3 7.1 1 Jul 181.4 240.8 average 75%
Moss Vale AWS 12.8 +0.2 18.2 18 Aug 3.1 +0.2 -3.8 14 Aug 98.2 176.9 low 56%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 17.8 +0.5 24.1 12 Jun 7.3 +0.3 1.7 29 Jul 204.0 238.2 average 86%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 18.0 +1.0 23.2 18 Aug 2.2 -0.8 -4.7 24 Aug 18.0 133.6 lowest 13%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 13.6 +0.9 21.3 18 Aug 0.4 -0.1 -8.2 23 Aug 66.6 139.5 low 48%
Green Cape AWS 16.0 0.0 19.9 12 Jul 9.5 -0.2 6.6 13 Jul 57.2 135.1 v low 42%
Merimbula Airport AWS 17.3 +0.4 22.5 12 Jul 4.9 +0.1 -1.3 24 Aug 29.4 160.6 v low 18%
Montague Island Lighthouse 16.7 +0.7 21.4 12 Jun 11.4 +0.9 7.5 23 Aug 90.8 196.7 low 46%
Moruya Airport AWS 17.9 +0.3 24.4 21 Aug 4.7 +0.1 -2.0 1 Jul 70.0 180.8 low 39%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 17.5 +0.8 23.4 21 Aug 7.5 +1.0 3.0 21 Jun 75.0 197.1 low 38%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 17.5 +0.8 22.5 21 Aug 8.0 +0.6 2.7 24 Aug 102.6 189.6 low 54%
Nerriga AWS 13.7   21.6 18 Aug 1.4   -5.4 23 Aug 81.2
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 13.4 +1.6 20.4 23 Aug -1.0 -0.5 -7.0 24 Aug 58.6 145.3 low 40%
Bombala AWS 11.4 +0.1 18.4 18 Aug -0.4 -0.7 -6.0 6 Aug 61.0 116.5 low 52%
Canberra Airport 14.0 +0.6 18.9 18 Aug 0.2 -0.4 -5.2 23 Aug 40.8 118.6 v low 34%
Cooma Airport AWS 11.5 +0.6 18.1 18 Aug -2.5 -1.0 -10.3 23 Aug 43.2 98.6 low 44%
Cooma Visitors Centre 13.1 +0.9 19.8 18 Aug     -9.0 24 Aug 33.4 93.4 v low 36%
Goulburn Airport AWS 13.1 +0.6 20.8 18 Aug 0.9 +0.2 -7.6 23 Aug 85.0 129.1 low 66%
Goulburn TAFE 12.5 +0.1 20.4 18 Aug 2.5 +0.4 -4.3 20 Jun 104.4 145.5 average 72%
Mount Ginini AWS 4.1 +0.7 10.6 7 Jun -1.9 0.0 -6.7 10 Aug 156.4 265.6 v low 59%
Taralga Post Office 12.0 +0.8 20.0 18 Aug 0.7 -0.5 -7.0 11 Aug 136.4 209.3 low 65%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 13.8 +0.7 17.9 25 Aug 0.2 -0.5 -5.9 24 Aug 43.4 136.7 lowest 32%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 4.1   11.3 7 Jun -3.7   -12.0 20 Jun 527.0
Thredbo AWS 1.4 +0.7 8.0 7 Jun -4.3 +0.3 -10.0 20 Jun 224.8 314.5 average 71%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 5.3 +0.6 10.9 7 Jun -0.5 -0.2 -4.7 21 Jun
Hume Reservoir 13.7 +0.5 18.2 18 Aug 4.3 -0.3 -1.0 23 Jun 119.3 218.6 v low 55%
Khancoban AWS 12.5 0.0 17.6 31 Aug 1.5 -0.6 -3.8 23 Jun 216.0 289.3 low 75%
Tumbarumba Post Office 12.5 +0.9 17.0 18 Aug -0.1 -0.4 -5.9 22 Jun 204.2 312.5 low 65%
Wagga Wagga AMO 14.1 +0.4 21.0 18 Aug 2.5 -0.8 -3.6 23 Jun
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 13.6 +1.1 18.4 18 Aug     -4.0 6 Aug 135.5 295.5 v low 46%
Cootamundra Airport 13.8 -0.1 20.6 18 Aug 1.0 -0.5 -4.8 23 Jun 97.9 165.1 low 59%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 14.8 +0.9 23.4 18 Aug 1.9 -1.7 -3.8 22 Jun 75.8 168.8 v low 45%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 14.6 +0.6 19.8 18 Aug 2.5 -0.5 -3.5 23 Jun 99.3 174.6 lowest 57%
Temora Airport 14.8 +0.2 23.5 18 Aug 1.6 -0.8 -5.3 26 Aug 79.6 120.8 low 66%
Young Airport 14.4 +0.6 22.1 18 Aug 0.6 -0.9 -5.3 6 Aug 64.0 165.5 v low 39%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Kapooka (Defence) 14.2   20.6 18 Aug 2.6   -3.7 26 Aug 105.0
Narrandera Airport AWS 15.4 +0.2 23.1 18 Aug 3.0 -0.5 -3.8 23 Jun 76.0 113.9 low 67%
Tocumwal Airport 14.5 -0.3 19.8 24 Aug 3.9 -0.1 -1.9 24 Jun 91.8 128.4 low 71%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 15.2 -0.1 23.7 18 Aug 4.5 -0.8 -1.4 22 Jun 79.4 103.6 low 77%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 15.8 +0.3 24.8 18 Aug 3.1 -0.8 -3.0 22 Jun 59.0 102.9 low 57%
Hay Airport AWS 16.5 +0.1 25.4 18 Aug 4.0 +0.2 -2.7 23 Jun 50.2 66.9 average 75%
Hillston Airport 16.9 +0.9 26.6 18 Aug 4.0 -0.5 -3.0 23 Jun 41.4 96.5 low 43%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 16.8 +0.4 27.2 18 Aug 4.9 +0.7 -1.4 20 Jun 40.8 104.5 v low 39%
Note: From 2017, information about Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Monday 2 September 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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