NSW in summer 2013-14: Driest summer since 1984-5

  • Driest summer in almost 30 years
  • Fifth-warmest summer days on records
  • Several significant heatwaves

Rainfall - Driest summer since 1984-5

NSW recorded a statewide average rainfall of 91.1 mm during summer 2013-14, well below the historical average of 170 mm. This is the driest summer for NSW since 75.1 mm was recorded in summer 1984-5, and the tenth-driest summer on record.

Most of the state recorded below average rainfall, with driest conditions in the northeast where several stations recorded their driest summer on record, including Byron Bay, Coffs Harbour and Gunnedah. The Murray Darling Basin also recorded its driest summer since 1984-5 with 92.4 mm (average 144.6 mm). The dry conditions were associated with the persistence of high pressure across the state and a lack of significant rain events. Both December and January had well below average rainfall, particularly in the northeast, with some relief of dry conditions associated with rain events in the second half of February.

The passage of surface troughs across the state produced moderate rain on 5-6 and 26 December as well as 24-25 January, while thunderstorms produced locally heavy falls over the Northern and Central Tablelands on 17 December and inland NSW on 9-10 January. Heavier falls occurred during the passage of surface troughs and storms during 15-17 and 19-20 February, with localised falls above 200 mm and flash flooding on the Central Coast on 28 February.

See a list of summer rainfall records.

Temperature - Fifth-warmest days on record

The statewide average maximum temperature for NSW during summer was 2.0 °C above the historical average, the fifth-warmest summer on record. Daytime temperatures were well above average during all three months of summer, with most of the state recording temperatures between 1 and 3 °C above normal but closer to average temperatures along the coast.

The warm days were associated with persistently dry, clear conditions and several significant heat events. Notably, numerous high temperature records were broken in northern NSW on 1-3 January, while southern NSW experienced several extended warm spells during 14-18 January, 28 January - 3 February, and 8-12 February. There were also several cold spells during the season, including record cold temperatures in parts of central NSW between 5-7 December.

The mean minimum temperature during summer 2013-14 was 1 °C above the historical average, with temperatures generally above average across the state, associated with generally warm local sea surface temperatures despite the dry, clear conditions. The mean temperature was consequently 1.5 °C above the historical average and the eighth-warmest summer on record, slightly cooler than the summer of 2012-13 (+1.6 °C).

See a list of summer temperature records.

Other phenomena

There were several periods of bushfire activity during the summer, including widespread fires during 17-19 January, with five houses destroyed in a fire near Wagga Wagga.

Further information

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Extremes in summer 2013-14
Hottest day 49.1 °C at Walgett Airport AWS on 3 Jan 2014
Warmest days on average 37.4 °C at Wanaaring Post Office
Coolest days on average 16.8 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day 0.1 °C at Thredbo AWS on 5 Dec 2013
Coldest night -4.6 °C at Thredbo AWS on 6 Dec 2013
Coolest nights on average 6.0 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 23.1 °C at Tibooburra Post Office
Warmest night 31.4 °C at Broken Hill (Patton Street) on 13 Feb 2014
Warmest on average overall 30.0 °C at Tibooburra Post Office
Coolest on average overall 11.7 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 470.2 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview)
Wettest day 260.8 mm at Dora Creek (Dora St) on 28 Feb 2014
Highest wind gust 111 km/h at Lord Howe Island Windy Point on 2 Dec 2013

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
Highest daily rainfall
in summer 2013-14 (mm)
Previous wettest
for summer
Years of
record
Cooranbong (Avondale) 233.0 on 28 Feb 2014 158.5 on 29 Dec 1926 103


Record lowest total summer rainfall
Total rainfall
for summer 2013-14 (mm)
Previous driest
for summer
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Yamba Pilot Station 108.9 128.0 in 1911 137 414.9
Tweed Heads Golf Club 139.2 140.9 in 1938 127 562.0
Byron Bay (Jacaranda Drive) 163.2 185.0 in 1903 120 571.7
Drake (Village Resource Centre) 135.7 163.2 in 1912 119 441.7
Mullumbimby (Fairview Farm) 138.5 176.6 in 1938 109 589.0
Woolgoolga (Clear Place) 127.2 135.5 in 1964 109 478.9
Old Koreelah (McPherson) 100.6 126.0 in 1918 99 344.4
Harwood Island (Harwood Sugar Mill) 80.2 127.7 in 1938 97 415.6
Gunnedah Resource Centre 62.2 76.8 in 1999 66 229.6
Coffs Harbour MO 167.2 201.2 in 1979 65 552.7
Brays Creek (Misty Mountain) 137.0 143.8 in 2001 62 575.2
Meldrum (Coolawarrah) 235.0 250.0 in 1974 52 656.3
Bowral (Parry Drive) 94.0 = 94.0 in 1978 49 259.1
Grafton Olympic Pool 123.7 194.6 in 1999 48 413.8
Whiporie Post Office 86.2 96.4 in 1964 48 418.2
Bangalow (Fowlers Lane) 166.2 202.7 in 1938 47 634.3
Dungog - Main Creek (Yeranda) 118.0 127.4 in 1979 46 402.3
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 89.5 120.6 in 2006 46 302.4
Lostock Dam 78.6 100.9 in 1979 45 346.2
Craven (Longview) 100.8 116.0 in 1990 43 367.8
Pindari Dam 78.3 102.2 in 2001 43 266.0
Hunter Springs (Wondecla) 138.6 143.0 in 1979 42 348.3
Nimmitabel (Cottesloe) 119.0 122.3 in 1982 41 246.5
Kunghur (The Junction) 102.0 164.0 in 2001 40 531.7
Upper Chichester (Simmonds) 136.2 146.8 in 1986 33 413.5
Guyra Hospital 74.7 202.0 in 1981 32 334.2
Avalon Beach (Avalon (Palmgrove Rd)) 117.6 128.7 in 1964 30 314.7
Gosford North (Glennie St) 216.0 223.3 in 2010 29 402.7
Upper Pappinbarra (Hillcrest) 167.0 173.1 in 1979 29 523.8
Collaroy (Long Reef Golf Club) 103.0 138.6 in 1969 26 322.4
Lord Howe Island Aero 95.6 115.8 in 1996 26 328.2
Cessnock Airport AWS 91.2 93.6 in 2005 24 248.0
Chatswood Bowling Club 113.0 118.5 in 1951 24 341.0
Belrose (Evelyn Place) 138.0 200.4 in 1997 23 361.4
Beaumont (The Cedars) 161.4 259.4 in 2003 21 463.8
Millbank 65.0 156.0 in 1986 21 417.0
Ballina Airport AWS 130.4 209.4 in 2001 20 508.7
Scone Airport AWS 85.2 109.4 in 2005 20 200.2

Record highest summer temperature
Highest temperature
in summer 2013-14 (°C)
Previous warmest
for summer
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Collarenebri (Albert St) 48.0 on 3 Jan 2014 47.8 on 15 Jan 1939 103 34.9
Gunnedah Resource Centre 45.9 on 3 Jan 2014 42.7 on 7 Feb 1952 66 31.3
Coonabarabran (Namoi Street) 44.0 on 3 Jan 2014 42.6 on 4 Jan 1973 58 31.0
Burrinjuck Dam 42.5 on 16 Jan 2014 = 42.5 on 12 Jan 2007 50 28.7
Inverell Research Centre 41.1 on 3 Jan 2014 39.9 on 25 Jan 2003 50 28.8
Murrurundi Post Office 41.2 on 3 Jan 2014 40.9 on 12 Jan 2013 50 30.0
Mungindi Post Office 48.2 on 3 Jan 2014 46.8 on 12 Jan 2013 49 34.6
Quirindi Post Office 45.1 on 3 Jan 2014 43.4 on 2 Feb 2006 49 31.6
Barraba Post Office 44.9 on 3 Jan 2014 41.8 on 3 Feb 2006 48 31.1
Dunedoo Post Office 44.2 on 3 Jan 2014 43.7 on 12 Jan 2013 48 31.1
Tumbarumba Post Office 40.5 on 16 Jan 2014 40.2 on 7 Feb 2009 48 27.7
Pindari Dam 41.5 on 5 Jan 2014 41.2 on 21 Feb 2004 42 30.7
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 36.0 on 3 Jan 2014 34.5 on 27 Jan 1981 41 24.8
Guyra Hospital 34.4 on 3 Jan 2014 32.8 on 31 Jan 2003 29 23.2
Mudgee Airport AWS 42.5 on 3 Jan 2014 42.2 on 15 Feb 2004 23 29.3
Tamworth Airport AWS 45.1 on 3 Jan 2014 42.5 on 12 Jan 2013 23 31.3
Walgett Airport AWS 49.1 on 3 Jan 2014 48.5 on 13 Jan 2013 21 34.5


Record lowest summer daily maximum temperature
Lowest daily maximum
temperature
in summer 2013-14 (°C)
Previous coolest
for summer
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Bombala (Therry Street) 10.5 on 5 Dec 2013 = 10.5 on 14 Dec 1981 47 24.8
Thredbo AWS 0.1 on 5 Dec 2013 = 0.1 on 25 Dec 2006 35 15.4
Bombala AWS 9.1 on 5 Dec 2013 10.6 on 14 Dec 2008 23 24.1


Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature
Mean daily maximum
temperature
for summer 2013-14 (°C)
Previous warmest
for summer
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Inverell Research Centre 31.6 31.1 in 1951 53 28.8
Barraba Post Office 33.7 33.4 in 2005 46 31.1
Tumbarumba Post Office 29.8 29.7 in 2002 43 27.7
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 27.2 27.1 in 2005 37 24.8
Guyra Hospital 25.3 25.1 in 1990 25 23.2
Bathurst Airport AWS 30.0 29.4 in 2003 22 27.2
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 27.7 27.6 in 1997 22 25.4
Mudgee Airport AWS 31.8 = 31.8 in 2005 22 29.3


Record highest summer daily minimum temperature
Highest daily minimum
temperature
in summer 2013-14 (°C)
Previous warmest
for summer
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Tabulam (Muirne) 26.2 on 4 Jan 2014 26.1 on 7 Jan 1994 44 16.7


Record lowest summer temperature
Lowest temperature
in summer 2013-14 (°C)
Previous coolest
for summer
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Cobar MO 8.1 on 6 Dec 2013 8.4 on 22 Feb 1993 52 19.8
Inverell Research Centre 5.7 on 6 Dec 2013 5.8 on 21 Dec 2010 50 15.9
Gulgong Post Office 3.0 on 7 Dec 2013 4.4 on 4 Dec 1987 42 15.9
Mudgee Airport AWS 2.9 on 7 Dec 2013 3.6 on 7 Dec 2002 23 14.9
Scone Airport AWS 5.6 on 7 Dec 2013 5.9 on 21 Dec 1999 23 16.2
Ballina Airport AWS 9.3 on 7 Dec 2013 9.5 on 29 Dec 1993 22 19.1
Condobolin Airport AWS 5.7 on 7 Dec 2013 6.6 on 13 Dec 1995 21 17.7
Walgett Airport AWS 6.9 on 7 Dec 2013 = 6.9 on 28 Dec 1993 21 19.5


Summary statistics for summer 2013-14
Maximum temperatures
for summer
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
for summer
(°C)
Rainfall
for summer
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2013-14
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2013-14
Mean for
summer
2013-14
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2013-14
Total for
summer
2013-14
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2013-14
Fraction of
summer
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 36.1   45.9 2 Jan 2014 21.3   11.4 6 Dec 2013 30.8
Tibooburra Airport 37.1   48.4 2 Jan 2014 22.8   13.9 6 Dec 2013 81.6
Tibooburra Post Office 36.9 +1.5 47.6 2 Jan 2014 23.1 +1.7 13.7 7 Dec 2013 67.8 80.1 average 85%
White Cliffs AWS 36.7   47.9 2 Jan 2014 22.2   12.4 6 Dec 2013 29.2
Wilcannia (Reid St) 36.8 +2.1 45.1 12 Feb 2014 20.1 +1.0 9.4 7 Dec 2013 20.1 78.2 low 26%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 37.1   45.3 2 Jan 2014 19.8   8.9 7 Dec 2013 19.2
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill (Patton Street) 34.4 +2.3 43.6 9 Feb 2014 19.4 +1.4 8.8 6 Dec 2013 56.6 72.7 average 78%
Broken Hill Airport AWS 34.4 +2.2 43.4 1 Jan 2014 19.0 +0.9 7.3 6 Dec 2013 51.4 72.8 average 71%
Lake Victoria Storage 33.2 +1.9 44.1 1 Feb 2014 17.1 +1.0 8.0 5 Dec 2013 71.2 59.6 high 119%
Menindee Post Office 35.8 +2.2 44.6 13 Jan 2014 19.9 +2.1 10.6 6 Dec 2013 32.6 67.4 average 48%
Pooncarie Mail Agency 35.3   45.9 1 Feb 2014 18.8   8.5 6 Dec 2013 148.2 68.3 v high 217%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 36.9   47.3 3 Jan 2014 21.3   10.9 6 Dec 2013 95.2
Brewarrina Hospital 36.1 +0.7 47.2 3 Jan 2014 20.3 +0.3 10.5 7 Dec 2013 89.0 138.7 average 64%
Cobar Airport AWS 35.6 +1.7 44.6 2 Jan 2014 19.9 +0.5 7.4 6 Dec 2013 105.0 100.9 average 104%
Cobar MO 35.0 +1.7 44.3 2 Jan 2014 20.8 +1.0 8.1 6 Dec 2013 113.0 126.4 average 89%
Lightning Ridge Visitors Information Cen 36.5   48.5 3 Jan 2014 21.7   9.0 6 Dec 2013 43.9
Wanaaring Post Office 37.4 +1.9 47.8 2 Jan 2014 21.3 +0.4 11.9 6 Dec 2013 93.1 99.6 average 93%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 35.5   44.2 1 Feb 2014 19.9   8.9 6 Dec 2013 33.4
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 34.3 +1.5 42.9 22 Dec 2013 18.2 +0.8 6.3 7 Dec 2013 100.1 132.4 average 76%
Condobolin Airport AWS 34.6 +1.8 43.1 22 Dec 2013 18.4 +0.7 5.7 7 Dec 2013 100.0
Peak Hill Post Office 33.7 +1.4 42.0 3 Jan 2014 19.6 +1.0 7.4 7 Dec 2013 171.0 160.4 average 107%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 33.6   42.8 2 Feb 2014 16.9   5.9 6 Dec 2013 65.8
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 35.0   47.6 3 Jan 2014 19.9   7.9 6 Dec 2013 104.8
Nyngan Airport 35.1 +1.6 45.5 3 Jan 2014 20.2 +1.4 8.7 7 Dec 2013 102.2 141.7 average 72%
Trangie Research Station AWS 34.2 +1.8 44.9 3 Jan 2014 19.2 +1.4 7.4 7 Dec 2013 119.8 146.4 average 82%
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 37.1 +2.5 48.2 3 Jan 2014 21.0 +1.1 8.7 6 Dec 2013 55.5 186.3 v low 30%
Walgett Airport AWS 36.3 +1.8 49.1 3 Jan 2014 20.1 +0.6 6.9 7 Dec 2013 41.2 167.2 low 25%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 35.1   47.3 3 Jan 2014 19.9   8.5 7 Dec 2013 64.8
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba Post Office 33.7 +2.6 44.9 3 Jan 2014     4.5 6 Dec 2013 103.6 241.4 v low 43%
Narrabri Airport AWS 35.3   47.8 3 Jan 2014 19.1   6.9 7 Dec 2013 57.0
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 34.9   46.9 3 Jan 2014 17.5   5.0 6 Dec 2013 65.8
Gunnedah Resource Centre 34.1 +2.8 45.9 3 Jan 2014 19.4 +1.0 8.8 6 Dec 2013 62.2 229.6 lowest 27%
Tamworth Airport AWS 33.9 +2.6 45.1 3 Jan 2014 16.8 +0.2 5.7 7 Dec 2013 92.4 211.3 v low 44%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 28.8 +2.0 37.5 3 Jan 2014 11.9 0.0 0.0 7 Dec 2013 147.0 274.4 v low 54%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 27.7   37.1 3 Jan 2014 11.6   0.4 7 Dec 2013 89.2
Armidale Airport AWS 26.8   37.0 3 Jan 2014 12.5   3.3 7 Dec 2013 90.4
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 27.1 +2.3 36.0 3 Jan 2014 12.7 -0.3 3.0 6 Dec 2013 114.4 309.1 v low 37%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 27.2   37.0 3 Jan 2014 12.1   1.3 7 Dec 2013 112.6
Guyra Hospital 25.3 +2.1 34.4 3 Jan 2014 11.4 -0.1 2.5 7 Dec 2013 74.7 334.2 lowest 22%
Inverell (Raglan St) 31.9   41.9 3 Jan 2014 14.2   3.5 7 Dec 2013 108.2
Inverell Research Centre 31.6 +2.8 41.1 3 Jan 2014 16.0 +0.1 5.7 6 Dec 2013 88.4 294.9 v low 30%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 26.7 +0.1 37.9 3 Jan 2014 13.6 -0.3 3.6 7 Dec 2013 124.8 313.5 v low 40%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 27.5 +0.9 39.2 4 Jan 2014 16.3 -0.4 10.4 6 Dec 2013 214.6 520.2 v low 41%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 28.0 +0.2 37.5 4 Jan 2014 18.6 -0.5 9.3 7 Dec 2013 130.4 508.7 lowest 26%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 27.4   32.0 4 Jan 2014 20.5   15.0 1 Dec 2013 134.8
Casino Airport AWS 30.8   41.4 21 Jan 2014 17.7   11.4 7 Dec 2013 134.4
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 28.4   39.4 29 Dec 2013 19.1   12.4 7 Dec 2013 169.2
Grafton Airport AWS 29.7   36.6 16 Feb 2014 17.7   8.6 7 Dec 2013 113.6
Grafton Olympic Pool 29.8 +0.1 37.1 29 Dec 2013 19.2 -0.1 11.2 7 Dec 2013 123.7 413.8 lowest 30%
Lismore (Richmond Hill) 29.2   38.7 4 Jan 2014 18.5   11.6 7 Dec 2013 110.4
Lismore Airport AWS 29.6   39.9 3 Jan 2014 17.2   10.1 7 Dec 2013 145.6
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 29.0 -0.2 40.6 4 Jan 2014 19.1 -0.2 12.4 7 Dec 2013 137.6 599.9 v low 23%
Yamba Pilot Station 27.5 +1.1 35.0 20 Feb 2014 20.2 +0.3 14.0 7 Dec 2013 108.9 414.9 lowest 26%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport Comparison 27.0   34.3 2 Jan 2014 18.9   10.5 6 Dec 2013 177.2
Coffs Harbour MO 26.9 +0.2 34.2 29 Dec 2013 18.8 -0.2 10.3 6 Dec 2013 167.2 552.7 lowest 30%
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 24.0   33.3 29 Dec 2013 14.3   5.2 7 Dec 2013 309.5
Kempsey (Wide Street) 28.6 -0.3 36.1 2 Jan 2014 17.7 +0.3 10.4 7 Dec 2013 178.3 402.5 v low 44%
Kempsey Airport AWS 28.4   36.9 2 Jan 2014 16.1   8.0 6 Dec 2013 176.6
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 27.7 +1.2 32.0 6 Jan 2014 19.3 +0.1 14.1 1 Dec 2013 238.4 438.8 v low 54%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 25.9   34.5 2 Jan 2014 18.6   12.2 7 Dec 2013 177.3 319.5 low 55%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 27.3   36.9 2 Jan 2014 17.2   9.5 7 Dec 2013 178.2
Taree Airport AWS 28.1   37.5 2 Jan 2014 17.0   8.1 8 Dec 2013 106.2
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 29.5 +1.0 37.5 2 Jan 2014 17.0 0.0 9.0 7 Dec 2013 470.2 664.7 low 71%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 30.4 +1.1 38.6 18 Jan 2014 15.8 -0.3 7.2 7 Dec 2013 91.2 248.0 lowest 37%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 27.3   37.6 20 Dec 2013 16.0   8.3 7 Dec 2013 364.4
Gosford AWS 27.0   37.4 2 Jan 2014 17.5   10.2 7 Dec 2013 214.8
Jerrys Plains Post Office 32.2 +0.9 40.0 18 Jan 2014 16.6 -0.1 7.1 7 Dec 2013 106.5 218.3 low 49%
Maitland Visitors Centre     38.0 22 Dec 2013 17.4   9.0 7 Dec 2013 123.5
Mangrove Mountain AWS 27.2   38.7 20 Dec 2013 15.8   8.9 7 Dec 2013 187.4 334.6 low 56%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 31.6   38.9 9 Feb 2014 15.3   5.8 7 Dec 2013 177.4 207.8 average 85%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 28.2   38.2 3 Jan 2014 15.0   6.2 6 Dec 2013 103.2
Murrurundi Post Office 30.8 +0.8 41.2 3 Jan 2014 13.9 -0.7 3.5 7 Dec 2013 117.2 257.6 v low 45%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 26.2 -0.6 35.0 2 Jan 2014 19.6 +1.3 14.2 6 Dec 2013 207.9 306.9 average 68%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 24.9 -0.4 36.1 2 Jan 2014 19.5 +0.6 12.7 6 Dec 2013 231.8 276.1 average 84%
Newcastle University 28.3   37.7 20 Dec 2013 18.2   11.5 6 Dec 2013 134.6
Norah Head AWS 25.8   34.7 23 Dec 2013 19.1   12.3 6 Dec 2013 183.0
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 30.0 +0.8 38.6 2 Jan 2014 16.7 -0.4 8.5 7 Dec 2013 89.5 302.4 lowest 30%
Scone Airport AWS 32.2 +1.8 39.3 16 Jan 2014 15.6 -0.6 5.6 7 Dec 2013 85.2 200.2 lowest 43%
Singleton STP 31.0   39.5 22 Dec 2013     9.4 6 Dec 2013 92.0
Williamtown RAAF 28.3 +0.7 39.1 20 Dec 2013 17.1 -0.4 9.6 7 Dec 2013 105.0 297.5 v low 35%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 32.2 +2.1 42.3 3 Jan 2014 15.7 -0.2 3.0 7 Dec 2013 149.1 200.0 average 75%
Mudgee Airport AWS 31.8 +2.5 42.5 3 Jan 2014 15.1 +0.2 2.9 7 Dec 2013 134.0 220.7 low 61%
Nullo Mountain AWS 25.1 +2.3 34.2 3 Jan 2014 12.9 +0.1 1.8 6 Dec 2013 140.8 290.0 v low 49%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 30.6 +3.4 39.0 31 Jan 2014 12.6 -0.2 4.5 6 Dec 2013 92.6 192.8 low 48%
Bathurst Airport AWS 30.0 +2.8 38.7 29 Jan 2014 12.7 -0.1 2.9 7 Dec 2013 130.6 195.2 low 67%
Katoomba (Murri St) 24.0 +1.3 34.4 18 Jan 2014 13.1 +0.6 3.8 6 Dec 2013 235.2 457.4 low 51%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 26.3   34.9 9 Feb 2014 11.8   1.0 7 Dec 2013 121.8 239.1 low 51%
Mount Boyce AWS 24.5 +1.6 34.4 18 Jan 2014 12.6 +0.1 3.3 6 Dec 2013 181.0 321.6 v low 56%
Oberon (Springbank) 26.2 +2.3 35.0 3 Jan 2014 10.7 +0.4 0.0 7 Dec 2013 158.2 215.3 low 73%
Orange Agricultural Institute 27.7 +2.2 35.5 10 Feb 2014 12.9 +0.3 0.8 7 Dec 2013 173.8 249.2 low 70%
Orange Airport AWS 27.5   35.5 2 Feb 2014 11.8   0.0 7 Dec 2013 162.2
Springwood (Valley Heights) 27.7   38.5 20 Dec 2013 15.9   10.0 6 Dec 2013 214.2 366.9 low 58%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Namoi Street) 32.7 +1.7 44.0 3 Jan 2014 14.3 0.0 5.0 7 Dec 2013 124.2 243.4 low 51%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 31.7   44.0 3 Jan 2014 17.3   8.2 6 Dec 2013 130.6
Dunedoo Post Office 33.7 +2.6 44.2 3 Jan 2014 17.2 +0.8 7.7 6 Dec 2013 140.8 197.4 low 71%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 33.0   41.1 22 Dec 2013 15.4   5.1 7 Dec 2013 96.0
Dubbo Airport AWS 33.5 +1.6 43.1 3 Jan 2014 17.4 +0.3 5.5 7 Dec 2013 148.2
Forbes Airport AWS 33.4   42.4 22 Dec 2013 16.9   5.7 7 Dec 2013 131.0
Parkes Airport AWS 32.8   41.5 22 Dec 2013 16.3   3.6 7 Dec 2013 241.0 188.2 average 128%
Wellington (Agrowplow) 32.9 +0.7 41.9 3 Jan 2014 16.6 +0.4 4.3 7 Dec 2013 132.2 167.3 average 79%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 28.5 +0.8 40.1 20 Dec 2013 17.7 +0.1 10.5 7 Dec 2013 104.2 263.7 v low 40%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 27.0   38.4 20 Dec 2013 17.3   9.8 7 Dec 2013 79.8
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 28.2   41.2 20 Dec 2013 17.2   8.9 7 Dec 2013 93.0
Holsworthy Control Range 28.3   40.1 20 Dec 2013 16.4   9.2 7 Dec 2013 79.2
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 28.3 +0.4 40.2 20 Dec 2013 17.1 0.0 9.6 6 Dec 2013 125.2 300.5 v low 42%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 26.5 +0.9 36.5 2 Jan 2014 19.4 +1.1 12.7 6 Dec 2013 106.6 296.5 v low 36%
Sydney Airport AMO 27.3 +1.1 37.8 20 Dec 2013 19.5 +1.0 13.1 6 Dec 2013 124.8 279.8 low 45%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 23.6   35.3 2 Jan 2014 19.7   14.1 6 Dec 2013
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 28.0   40.7 20 Dec 2013 18.1   10.8 7 Dec 2013 120.8
Terrey Hills AWS 25.7   36.9 20 Dec 2013 17.3   9.3 6 Dec 2013 138.2
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 29.4   41.0 22 Dec 2013 16.5   8.9 7 Dec 2013 114.6
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 29.1   40.3 20 Dec 2013 16.9   9.9 6 Dec 2013 117.6
Penrith Lakes AWS 30.4   41.9 20 Dec 2013 17.8   11.0 7 Dec 2013 132.2
Prospect Reservoir 29.0 +1.1 40.2 22 Dec 2013 17.1 -0.2 9.7 6 Dec 2013 119.4 264.4 low 45%
Richmond RAAF 29.6 +0.4 39.8 20 Dec 2013 16.5   9.1 7 Dec 2013 119.6
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 25.6   34.2 20 Dec 2013 15.8   7.3 7 Dec 2013 155.4
Bellambi AWS 23.8   33.5 2 Jan 2014 18.4   12.2 6 Dec 2013 243.2
Bowral (Parry Drive) 25.5 +0.9 36.2 18 Jan 2014 13.1 +0.2 4.1 6 Dec 2013 94.0 259.1 lowest 36%
Camden Airport AWS 29.6 +0.8 40.9 22 Dec 2013 15.9 -0.3 7.5 7 Dec 2013 104.0 236.9 v low 44%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 29.0   40.6 20 Dec 2013 15.8   7.5 7 Dec 2013 113.2
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular AWS) 24.4   33.1 20 Dec 2013 17.8   11.2 6 Dec 2013 102.2
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 24.1   30.9 10 Dec 2013 18.2   12.2 6 Dec 2013 153.4
Moss Vale AWS 25.4   36.5 18 Jan 2014 12.9   3.2 7 Dec 2013 85.4
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 26.6   40.5 20 Dec 2013 15.3   9.4 7 Dec 2013
Port Kembla NTC AWS 23.1   33.5 2 Jan 2014 19.1   13.4 6 Dec 2013
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 27.0 +0.9 39.0 20 Dec 2013 14.1 -0.3 7.6 26 Jan 2014 92.0 191.5 low 48%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 27.7 +2.3 38.5 3 Feb 2014 11.1 -0.5 0.5 7 Dec 2013 95.4 182.7 low 52%
Green Cape AWS 22.9   29.4 20 Dec 2013 16.6   10.3 6 Dec 2013 44.4
Merimbula Airport AWS 24.4   32.3 20 Dec 2013 14.5   7.3 7 Dec 2013 95.8
Montague Island Lighthouse 23.0 +0.4 35.2 20 Dec 2013 17.6 +0.5 10.6 6 Dec 2013 85.2 218.7 v low 39%
Moruya Airport AWS 24.2   32.7 20 Dec 2013 15.0   7.0 6 Dec 2013 89.4
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 23.0 -0.5 30.0 5 Jan 2014 16.1 +0.4 9.9 6 Dec 2013 95.2 262.8 v low 36%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 23.1 +0.1 29.0 20 Dec 2013 16.3 +0.2 10.3 6 Dec 2013 113.4 255.0 low 44%
Nerriga AWS 27.6   38.6 15 Jan 2014 12.1   2.4 7 Dec 2013 85.6
Ulladulla AWS 23.6 -0.1 30.6 2 Jan 2014 17.0 +0.2 9.5 6 Dec 2013 161.2
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 26.2 +1.4 38.7 3 Feb 2014 9.9 0.0 3.2 7 Dec 2013 132.8 186.4 average 71%
Bombala AWS 25.5 +1.4 39.1 3 Feb 2014 9.7 -0.4 2.4 8 Jan 2014 127.4 158.5 low 80%
Canberra Airport 29.8   40.2 15 Jan 2014 12.4   2.7 7 Dec 2013 111.6
Cooma Airport AWS 26.9 +1.8 37.6 17 Jan 2014 9.3 -0.6 -1.3 7 Dec 2013 60.2 150.6 v low 40%
Cooma Visitors Centre 28.1 +2.0 38.9 3 Feb 2014 9.6 -0.5 0.2 7 Dec 2013 78.7 171.8 low 46%
Goulburn Airport AWS 28.2 +1.7 38.5 15 Jan 2014 11.2 -0.8 0.9 7 Dec 2013 88.8 153.3 low 58%
Goulburn TAFE 28.4 +1.8 38.7 18 Jan 2014 13.2 +0.2 4.4 7 Dec 2013 108.6 184.5 v low 59%
Mount Ginini AWS 20.8   31.1 18 Jan 2014 8.9   -2.5 6 Dec 2013 182.8
Taralga Post Office 27.2 +2.1 37.4 31 Jan 2014 11.3 0.0 0.5 7 Dec 2013 118.0 207.3 low 57%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 29.5   40.0 16 Jan 2014 13.2   3.2 7 Dec 2013 179.2
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 19.2   28.6 15 Jan 2014 6.0   -4.3 7 Jan 2014 322.6
Thredbo AWS 16.8 +1.4 26.5 16 Jan 2014 6.6 +0.4 -4.6 6 Dec 2013 300.8 303.1 average 99%
Thredbo Village 22.2 +1.7 32.5 17 Jan 2014 6.8 +0.3 -1.5 7 Jan 2014 295.3 313.5 average 94%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 32.6 +1.9 43.6 16 Jan 2014 16.1 +0.6 5.8 6 Dec 2013 119.4
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 21.6   32.4 16 Jan 2014 11.2   -0.8 6 Dec 2013 210.2
Hume Reservoir 31.8 +1.9 42.5 17 Jan 2014 17.2 +1.4 5.6 6 Dec 2013 121.6 138.4 average 88%
Khancoban AWS 31.3   42.4 16 Jan 2014 12.6   4.0 7 Dec 2013 173.8
Tumbarumba Post Office 29.8 +2.1 40.5 16 Jan 2014 12.4 +1.1 2.9 7 Dec 2013 144.1 187.6 average 77%
Wagga Wagga AMO 32.8 +2.2 42.8 16 Jan 2014 17.0 +1.5 5.5 7 Dec 2013 79.6 127.7 low 62%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 32.1 +3.4 42.5 16 Jan 2014 15.8 +0.8 6.6 7 Dec 2013 205.4 179.0 average 115%
Cootamundra Airport 31.9   41.4 16 Jan 2014 15.4   3.0 7 Dec 2013 112.7
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 32.4 +1.5 40.9 10 Feb 2014 15.5 -0.2 4.9 7 Dec 2013 78.0 155.2 low 50%
Gundagai (William St) 32.9   43.1 16 Jan 2014 16.2   5.3 7 Dec 2013 62.2
Quandialla Post Office 34.1 +2.0 43.6 2 Feb 2014     5.8 6 Dec 2013 84.3 137.0 average 62%
Temora Airport 33.1   42.7 2 Feb 2014 16.1   3.4 7 Dec 2013 55.6
Wyalong Post Office 33.4 +1.6 43.0 2 Feb 2014 17.8 +1.0 7.0 6 Dec 2013 62.0 125.7 low 49%
Young Airport 32.3 +2.0 41.2 16 Jan 2014 13.9 +0.2 2.3 7 Dec 2013 67.0 150.8 low 44%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 32.9 +1.8 43.5 17 Jan 2014 16.0 +1.0 5.7 6 Dec 2013 110.8 115.0 average 96%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 33.4   44.4 16 Jan 2014 16.0   5.0 6 Dec 2013 93.0
Narrandera Airport 33.8   44.0 2 Feb 2014 17.5   7.3 7 Dec 2013 76.6 108.3 average 71%
Tocumwal Airport 32.6 +1.7 44.1 16 Jan 2014 16.0 +0.6 6.8 7 Dec 2013 88.0 96.1 average 92%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 33.5   44.1 16 Jan 2014 18.4   6.1 6 Dec 2013 77.4 93.3 average 83%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 33.3 +1.3 43.3 17 Jan 2014 17.8 +1.3 5.7 6 Dec 2013 93.8 91.1 average 103%
Hay (Miller Street) 34.1 +1.8 44.5 3 Feb 2014 17.6 +1.6 5.7 6 Dec 2013 72.8 84.1 average 87%
Hay Airport AWS 34.6   45.5 3 Feb 2014 17.3   5.0 6 Dec 2013 60.8
Lake Cargelligo Airport 34.1 +0.7 42.5 2 Feb 2014 18.6 +0.7 5.8 6 Dec 2013 67.8 112.9 average 60%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Lord Howe Island Aero 24.6 -0.4 28.7 18 Feb 2014 19.3 -1.0 12.2 29 Dec 2013 95.6 328.2 lowest 29%
Norfolk Island Aero 23.9 -0.4 27.0 4 Jan 2014 18.8 -0.1 15.4 10 Dec 2013 260.6 267.0 average 98%

Notes

A Seasonal Climate Summary is prepared to list the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review, usually published in the fourth week of the month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 3 March 2014. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 20 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is being used for temperature area averages from December 2012 onwards. The major change from earlier datasets is that the ACORN-SAT dataset commences in 1910, rather than 1950, and hence rankings are calculated using a larger set of years.

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