New South Wales in summer 2016-17: Warmest summer on record

Summer was the warmest on record for NSW, with persistent warmth, several significant heatwaves, and few cool periods. Numerous records were broken during the season, including the longest spell of hot days and the warmest night on record for any NSW station, as well as the second-warmest day on record for the State as a whole. Rainfall was below average, particularly in the eastern part of the State, although some severe thunderstorms caused local damage.

Warmest summer on record

  • The statewide mean temperature in summer 2016-17 was the warmest for NSW since records began in 1910, 2.57 °C above the historical average and 0.13 °C above the previous record, set in summer 2005-06
  • The statewide average maximum temperature was also the warmest on record, while the average minimum temperature was the second-warmest behind summer 1980-81
  • The summer was notable for persistent heat, with statewide mean temperatures in December, January and February all ranking within the five warmest years on record for that month
  • Summer mean temperatures were the warmest on record across almost 45% of the State, particularly in the north and east, with large numbers of stations recording their warmest summer on record for one or all of average maximum, minimum, or mean temperatures

Several heatwaves bring extreme heat

  • There were several significant heatwaves during the summer, which are described in detail in Special Climate Statement 61: Exceptional heat in southeast Australia in early 2017
  • The most severe heat occurred on 11 February, when the NSW statewide average maximum temperature reached 44.00 °C, the warmest February day on record and the second-warmest day on record for the State for any month behind 14 January 1939 (44.06 °C)
  • Numerous stations broke summer daily maximum temperature records between 10 and 12 February, although few of those stations were reporting during the January 1939 heatwave
  • Record high minimum temperatures were also recorded at some stations during the summer, with 34.2 °C at White Cliffs on 11 February the warmest minimum temperature ever recorded anywhere in NSW
  • The persistence of warmth during the seasons also led to several stations breaking records for either total numbers of hot days or warm nights
  • Hot conditions were especially persistent in northeast NSW, with Moree experiencing 54 consecutive days above 35 °C between 27 December and 18 February, the longest such spell on record anywhere in NSW

A dry summer with some severe storms

  • Rainfall was 34% below average for NSW during summer, with below average falls across large areas of the state and some stations recording their driest summer since at least 1990
  • Rainfall was particularly low in February, while parts of western NSW experienced above average rainfall during December
  • Several severe thunderstorms produced large hail, strong winds or heavy rain during the season, particularly during the first half of December, with thunderstorms causing large hail in the Sydney region on 18 February
  • The dry, hot weather contributed to a large number of bushfires across the state during the summer, particularly during mid-December and mid-February, with more than 50 houses lost to fires during February

Further information

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Extremes in summer 2016-17
Hottest day 47.9 °C at Walgett Airport AWS on 12 Feb 2017
Warmest days on average 39.3 °C at Mungindi Post Office
Coolest days on average 16.3 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day 5.5 °C at Thredbo AWS on 20 Feb 2017
Coldest night -2.9 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on 10 Dec 2016
Coolest nights on average 7.7 °C at Thredbo AWS
Warmest nights on average 24.5 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Warmest night 34.2 °C at White Cliffs AWS on 11 Feb 2017
Warmest on average overall 31.3 °C at Bourke Airport AWS
Coolest on average overall 12.0 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 866.4 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview)
Driest overall 19.6 mm at Pooncarie (Karpa Kora Station)
Wettest day 174.6 mm at Rosebank (Upper Coopers Creek) on 3 Jan 2017
Strongest wind gust 146 km/h at Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS on 23 Jan 2017

Maps

Observed Anomaly Decile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Inverell (Raglan St) 410.3 410.0 in 2007 22 300.6

Record lowest summer total rainfall

New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Weetaliba (Munna) 86.2 117.0 in 1999 35 213.4
Lord Howe Island Aero 85.0 100.4 in 2013 29 323.5
Mudgee Airport AWS 81.2 97.4 in 1998 22 216.9

Lowest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years

Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Dunedoo Post Office 68.2 40.9 in 1964 196.5
Binnaway (Wattle St) 66.9 50.5 in 1964* 209.7
Gulgong Post Office 91.3 77.2 in 1984 199.3
Blackville Post Office 102.8 69.5 in 1984* 228.0
Gresford Post Office 113.9 112.4 in 1979* 296.6
Budgee Budgee (Botobolar Vineyard) 84.6 52.4 in 1984* 208.1
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 209.0 194.0 in 1990* 437.0
Oberon (Jenolan Caves Road) 100.0 95.5 in 1990* 221.1
Pooncarie (Karpa Kora Station) 19.6 7.6 in 1991* 66.6
Oberon (Springbank) 106.4 78.3 in 1978* 214.5
Glen Alice 111.2 56.8 in 1984* 216.2
Moonan Flat (High St) 110.4 107.6 in 1994* 222.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported


Record highest summer temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Nyngan Airport 47.4 on 11 Feb 2017 47.0 on 12 Jan 2013 95 33.5
Williamtown RAAF 45.5 on 11 Feb 2017 44.8 on 18 Jan 2013 68 27.6
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 46.6 on 11 Feb 2017 46.0 on 3 Jan 1973 63 32.8
Hillston Airport 47.2 on 11 Feb 2017 46.0 on 1 Jan 2006 61 32.6
Katoomba (Murri St) 37.7 on 11 Feb 2017 37.6 on 8 Feb 2009 55 22.7
Inverell Research Centre 41.3 on 12 Feb 2017 41.1 on 3 Jan 2014 53 28.8
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 42.2 on 12 Feb 2017 41.2 on 3 Jan 2014 53 30.0
Scone SCS 46.0 on 12 Feb 2017 43.5 on 27 Jan 2011 53 30.4
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 39.9 on 12 Feb 2017 38.3 on 8 Jan 1994 53 26.6
Bathurst Agricultural Station 41.5 on 11 Feb 2017 40.2 on 12 Jan 2013 52 27.3
Dunedoo Post Office 45.4 on 11 Feb 2017 44.2 on 3 Jan 2014 51 31.2
Tumbarumba Post Office 40.5 on 10 Feb 2017 = 40.5 on 16 Jan 2014 51 27.8
Wellington (D&J Rural) 45.0 on 11 Feb 2017 44.5 on 15 Feb 2004 51 32.2
Peak Hill Post Office 46.0 on 11 Feb 2017 45.1 on 15 Feb 2004 50 32.3
Trangie Research Station AWS 47.0 on 11 Feb 2017 46.1 on 12 Jan 2013 49 32.5
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 43.2 on 12 Feb 2017 42.2 on 8 Jan 1994 49 28.5
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 38.0 on 12 Feb 2017 = 38.0 on 3 Feb 2006 47 26.8
Lostock Dam 45.6 on 12 Feb 2017 43.5 on 13 Jan 2013 46 28.9
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 47.0 on 11 Feb 2017 44.6 on 21 Feb 2004 46 29.2
Gulgong Post Office 43.5 on 11 Feb 2017 43.0 on 2 Feb 2006 45 30.1
Pindari Dam 42.8 on 12 Feb 2017 41.5 on 5 Jan 2014 45 30.8
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 36.5 on 11 Feb 2017 36.0 on 3 Jan 2014 44 24.9
Goulburn TAFE 41.2 on 11 Feb 2017 40.1 on 30 Jan 2003 42 26.7
Orange Agricultural Institute 39.2 on 11 Feb 2017 38.3 on 15 Feb 2004 42 25.6
Oberon (Springbank) 38.0 on 11 Feb 2017 36.0 on 18 Jan 2013 35 24.0
Guyra Hospital 35.1 on 11 Feb 2017 34.4 on 3 Jan 2014 32 23.3
Broken Hill Airport AWS 45.5 on 11 Feb 2017 45.3 on 14 Jan 2001 29 32.4
Cessnock Airport AWS 46.8 on 11 Feb 2017 45.0 on 18 Jan 2013 28 29.3
Bathurst Airport AWS 42.1 on 11 Feb 2017 40.7 on 15 Feb 2004 26 27.4
Goulburn Airport AWS 40.7 on 11 Feb 2017 40.4 on 16 Jan 1999 26 26.6
Mount Boyce AWS 37.2 on 11 Feb 2017 36.2 on 8 Feb 2009 26 23.0
Mudgee Airport AWS 43.9 on 11 Feb 2017 42.5 on 3 Jan 2014 26 29.4
Nullo Mountain AWS 37.4 on 11 Feb 2017 36.4 on 18 Jan 2013 26 22.9
Scone Airport AWS 46.5 on 12 Feb 2017 44.2 on 12 Jan 2013 26 30.5
Tamworth Airport AWS 45.9 on 12 Feb 2017 45.1 on 3 Jan 2014 26 31.4
Young Airport 43.0 on 11 Feb 2017 42.6 on 18 Jan 2013 26 30.4
Dubbo Airport AWS 46.1 on 11 Feb 2017 45.0 on 12 Jan 2013 25 32.1
Cobar Airport AWS 47.3 on 11 Feb 2017 46.7 on 12 Jan 2013 24 34.0
Condobolin Airport AWS 46.9 on 11 Feb 2017 45.9 on 18 Jan 2013 24 33.0
Richmond RAAF 47.0 on 11 Feb 2017 46.4 on 18 Jan 2013 24 29.2
Armidale Airport AWS 37.1 on 12 Feb 2017 37.0 on 3 Jan 2014 23 25.2
Casino Airport AWS 45.7 on 12 Feb 2017 43.2 on 12 Jan 2002 23 29.8
Mangrove Mountain AWS 44.4 on 11 Feb 2017 43.6 on 18 Jan 2013 23 26.5
Badgerys Creek AWS 46.4 on 11 Feb 2017 45.8 on 18 Jan 2013 22 28.9
Forbes Airport AWS 46.7 on 11 Feb 2017 45.2 on 26 Jan 2011 22 32.8
Moree Aero 47.3 on 12 Feb 2017 = 47.3 on 3 Jan 2014 22 33.0
Narrandera Airport AWS 45.8 on 10 Feb 2017 45.4 on 13 Jan 2016 22 32.0
Penrith Lakes AWS 46.9 on 11 Feb 2017 46.5 on 18 Jan 2013 22 29.8
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 46.6 on 12 Feb 2017 43.3 on 24 Dec 2005 22 27.2
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 38.0 on 12 Feb 2017 36.3 on 12 Jan 2013 21 23.9
Orange Airport AWS 40.1 on 11 Feb 2017 38.1 on 12 Jan 2013 21 25.8
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 41.1 on 10 Feb 2017 40.2 on 18 Jan 1998 21 28.1
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 37.6 on 12 Feb 2017 37.1 on 3 Jan 2014 20 25.9
Parkes Airport AWS 45.9 on 11 Feb 2017 44.0 on 2 Feb 2006 20 32.0
Taree Airport AWS 45.7 on 12 Feb 2017 43.0 on 24 Dec 2005 20 28.2

Record number of summer days 35 °C or warmer

New record Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 11 days 9 days in 1895 157 2.1 days
Sydney Airport AMO 16 days 10 days in 1990 77 3.3 days
Williamtown RAAF 20 days 18 days in 1979 74 6.0 days
Gunnedah Resource Centre 48 days 45 days in 1951 68 16.9 days
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 9 days 8 days in 1979 59 2.3 days
Katoomba (Murri St) 5 days 2 days in 2012 59 0.3 days
Taralga Post Office 13 days 12 days in 2013 59 2.5 days
Mungindi Post Office 78 days 65 days in 2002 51 37.5 days
Quirindi Post Office 48 days 45 days in 2005 51 18.1 days
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 29 days 24 days in 1965 51 8.7 days
Oberon (Springbank) 4 days 2 days in 2012 51 0.1 days
Dunedoo Post Office 47 days 40 days in 2005 51 19.2 days
Prospect Reservoir 22 days 18 days in 2005 51 8.1 days
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 30 days 27 days in 1990 49 11.2 days
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 23 days 20 days in 1997 49 8.0 days
Trangie Research Station AWS 56 days 53 days in 2005 48 27.8 days
Cessnock Airport AWS 32 days 27 days in 2005 48 6.4 days
Bankstown Airport AWS 22 days 15 days in 1997 48 6.7 days
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 29 days 16 days in 2001 47 6.2 days
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 2 days 1 days in 2013 46 0.0 days
Tabulam (Muirne) 11 days 10 days in 1979 46 1.9 days
Gulgong Post Office 37 days 34 days in 2005 46 13.6 days
Camden Airport AWS 28 days 22 days in 1990 45 9.6 days
Guyra Hospital 1 days 0 days in 2015 35 0.0 days
Scone Airport AWS 42 days 33 days in 2005 26 16.3 days
Mudgee Airport AWS 34 days 29 days in 2013 26 9.9 days
Mount Boyce AWS 4 days 2 days in 2012 26 0.4 days
Batemans Bay (Catalina Country Club) 7 days 5 days in 2009 25 2.2 days
Condobolin Airport AWS 52 days 49 days in 2005 23 30.5 days
Dubbo Airport AWS 49 days 48 days in 2005 23 23.4 days
Richmond RAAF 35 days 21 days in 1997 23 12.0 days
Mangrove Mountain AWS 24 days 17 days in 2003 22 5.5 days
Moree Aero 70 days 52 days in 2013 21 28.1 days
Casino Airport AWS 33 days 18 days in 2003 21 8.3 days
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 13 days 10 days in 1997 21 3.9 days
Badgerys Creek AWS 26 days 19 days in 1997 21 10.4 days
Penrith Lakes AWS 34 days 24 days in 2003 21 14.0 days
Orange Airport AWS 7 days 5 days in 2013 20 1.2 days

Record number of summer days 40 °C or warmer

New record Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Williamtown RAAF 8 days 5 days in 1957 74 0.9 days
Gunnedah Resource Centre 11 days 10 days in 1951 68 1.0 days
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 4 days 3 days in 2003 58 0.5 days
Cobar MO 24 days 21 days in 2003 54 6.2 days
Brewarrina Hospital 34 days 31 days in 2005 51 10.8 days
Mungindi Post Office 41 days 19 days in 2005 51 6.2 days
Quirindi Post Office 13 days 7 days in 2005 51 1.0 days
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 3 days 2 days in 1965 51 0.2 days
Dunedoo Post Office 12 days 8 days in 2003 51 1.6 days
Prospect Reservoir 9 days 4 days in 2008 51 1.0 days
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 13 days 6 days in 1972 49 1.3 days
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 8 days 5 days in 1972 49 1.1 days
Cessnock Airport AWS 13 days 5 days in 2012 48 0.8 days
Bankstown Airport AWS 7 days 4 days in 1978 48 1.0 days
Lostock Dam 8 days 4 days in 2000 47 0.6 days
Camden Airport AWS 8 days 5 days in 2009 45 1.6 days
Scone Airport AWS 15 days 8 days in 2005 26 1.7 days
Mudgee Airport AWS 4 days 3 days in 2003 26 0.5 days
Wanaaring Post Office 36 days 34 days in 2003 25 14.7 days
Tamworth Airport AWS 6 days 5 days in 2012 24 1.4 days
Cobar Airport AWS 25 days 22 days in 2003 23 8.4 days
Walgett Airport AWS 33 days 30 days in 2005 23 9.0 days
Richmond RAAF 11 days 6 days in 2008 23 2.0 days
Mangrove Mountain AWS 7 days 2 days in 2012 22 0.5 days
Moree Aero 21 days 11 days in 2005 21 2.7 days
Inverell (Raglan St) 2 days 1 days in 2013 21 0.0 days
Casino Airport AWS 5 days 4 days in 2001 21 0.8 days
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 2 days 1 days in 2005 21 0.2 days
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 5 days 2 days in 2012 21 0.6 days
Badgerys Creek AWS 11 days 6 days in 2008 21 1.8 days
Penrith Lakes AWS 12 days 8 days in 2008 21 3.1 days
Orange Airport AWS 1 days 0 days in 2015 20 0.0 days
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 2 days 1 days in 2013 20 0.1 days
    Note
  • the "Years of record" column in these two tables shows the number of years with daily data; this may differ from the number of years with monthly means or extremes.
  • these results are for the current open stations only; in some cases larger values have occurred at nearby stations

Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 28.7 28.6 in 1990 157 25.6
Quirindi Post Office 35.4 34.6 in 2005 92 31.6
Mungindi Post Office 39.3 37.7 in 1979 91 34.7
Brewarrina Hospital 38.2 38.1 in 2005 90 35.4
Bathurst Agricultural Station 31.3 30.9 in 1938 89 27.3
Sydney Airport AMO 29.3 29.0 in 1990 77 26.2
Trangie Research Station AWS 36.3 36.1 in 2005 73 32.5
Williamtown RAAF 31.0 30.4 in 1997 66 27.6
Gunnedah Resource Centre 35.3 34.4 in 2005 63 31.4
Dunedoo Post Office 35.3 33.8 in 2005 56 31.2
Taralga Post Office 28.8 28.6 in 1982 54 25.2
Bankstown Airport AWS 31.0 30.3 in 1990 48 27.8
Peak Hill Post Office 35.4 35.2 in 2005 48 32.3
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 31.5 30.8 in 1979 47 28.5
Tabulam (Muirne) 29.7 29.5 in 2001 46 26.6
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 29.2 = 29.2 in 1980 42 26.8
Gulgong Post Office 33.6 33.0 in 2005 41 30.1
Oberon (Springbank) 27.3 26.4 in 1979 41 24.0
Camden Airport AWS 31.8 31.5 in 1990 40 28.8
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 27.9 27.1 in 2013 40 24.9
Goulburn TAFE 29.7 = 29.7 in 1990 38 26.7
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 32.6 31.9 in 2005 38 29.2
Guyra Hospital 26.1 25.3 in 2013 28 23.3
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 24.6 24.4 in 1970 27 23.0
Bathurst Airport AWS 31.3 30.0 in 2013 25 27.4
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 27.9 27.6 in 1997 25 25.5
Cessnock Airport AWS 32.9 32.1 in 2005 25 29.3
Goulburn Airport AWS 29.1 28.5 in 2005 25 26.6
Mount Boyce AWS 26.4 24.7 in 1997 25 23.0
Mudgee Airport AWS 33.0 31.8 in 2005 25 29.4
Nullo Mountain AWS 26.2 25.5 in 2003 25 22.9
Scone Airport AWS 34.8 33.4 in 2005 25 30.5
Ulladulla AWS 25.7 25.6 in 1997 25 23.7
Young Airport 32.8 32.5 in 2005 25 30.4
Ballina Airport AWS 30.0 29.4 in 2009 24 27.9
Tamworth Airport AWS 34.8 34.3 in 2005 24 31.4
Cobar Airport AWS 36.9 36.6 in 2005 23 34.0
Condobolin Airport AWS 35.6 = 35.6 in 2005 23 33.0
Dubbo Airport AWS 35.4 35.1 in 2005 23 32.1
Grafton Research Stn 32.6 31.7 in 1925 23 29.9
Richmond RAAF 32.9 31.4 in 1997 23 29.2
Walgett Airport AWS 38.6 38.4 in 2005 23 34.6
Armidale Airport AWS 27.9 26.8 in 2013 22 25.2
Mangrove Mountain AWS 30.2 28.6 in 2003 22 26.5
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 29.3 29.0 in 1997 21 27.1
Casino Airport AWS 33.6 31.6 in 2001 21 29.8
Inverell (Raglan St) 32.2 31.9 in 2013 21 29.7
Moree Aero 37.2 35.1 in 2013 21 33.0
Norah Head AWS 27.5 27.2 in 2005 21 25.6
Penrith Lakes AWS 32.8 31.7 in 1997 21 29.8
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 29.4 28.6 in 1997 21 27.2
Glen Innes Airport AWS 28.0 27.2 in 2013 20 25.6
Narrandera Airport AWS 33.8 = 33.8 in 2013 20 32.0
Orange Airport AWS 28.8 27.5 in 2013 20 25.8

Highest summer mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Yamba Pilot Station 28.6 =28.6 in 1896* 26.5
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 33.8 34.0 in 1901* 31.0
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 25.2 =25.2 in 1905* 23.5
Wellington (D&J Rural) 34.7 34.9 in 1938* 32.2
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 32.8 33.3 in 1945* 30.0
Katoomba (Murri St) 26.0 26.4 in 1938* 22.7
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 28.7 30.3 in 1951* 26.6
Montague Island Lighthouse 24.0 24.1 in 1977* 22.7
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 27.0 27.1 in 1990 25.3
Prospect Reservoir 30.9 31.0 in 1990 28.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported


Record highest summer daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Sydney Airport AMO 27.5 on 14 Dec 2016 26.4 on 6 Feb 2011 78 18.5
Gunnedah Resource Centre 31.2 on 12 Feb 2017 31.0 on 7 Jan 2004 69 18.4
Menindee Post Office 31.0 on 9 Feb 2017 30.6 on 30 Dec 1965 58 17.9
Inverell Research Centre 24.1 on 12 Feb 2017 24.0 on 7 Jan 1994 53 15.9
Bathurst Agricultural Station 23.0 on 18 Jan 2017 = 23.0 on 9 Jan 1983 52 12.8
Dunedoo Post Office 29.0 on 12 Feb 2017 28.3 on 3 Feb 2011 51 16.4
Trangie Research Station AWS 32.5 on 12 Feb 2017 31.3 on 18 Jan 2013 49 17.9
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 24.6 on 14 Jan 2017 24.2 on 17 Feb 1981 49 17.0
Montague Island Lighthouse 22.9 on 18 Jan 2017 = 22.9 on 5 Feb 1973 47 17.1
Gulgong Post Office 27.6 on 18 Jan 2017 27.2 on 3 Feb 2011 45 16.0
Camden Airport AWS 24.3 on 14 Jan 2017 24.0 on 3 Feb 2011 42 16.3
Goulburn TAFE 26.2 on 18 Jan 2017 25.3 on 23 Jan 2010 41 13.0
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 22.0 on 14 Dec 2016 21.8 on 3 Feb 2011 34 16.2
Guyra Hospital 21.2 on 12 Feb 2017 20.4 on 4 Feb 2006 32 11.6
Batemans Bay (Catalina Country Club) 23.1 on 30 Dec 2016 22.3 on 3 Feb 2011 26 15.2
Bathurst Airport AWS 24.1 on 18 Jan 2017 23.0 on 3 Feb 2011 26 12.8
Mount Boyce AWS 24.5 on 11 Feb 2017 24.3 on 14 Jan 2005 26 12.6
Nullo Mountain AWS 25.6 on 12 Feb 2017 23.6 on 18 Jan 2003 26 12.8
Bega AWS 23.5 on 24 Jan 2017 22.2 on 8 Feb 1998 25 14.4
Dubbo Airport AWS 28.6 on 18 Jan 2017 28.1 on 30 Jan 2003 25 17.1
Wanaaring Post Office 32.4 on 18 Jan 2017 32.3 on 2 Feb 2006 25 21.0
Richmond RAAF 26.2 on 31 Jan 2017 25.0 on 23 Dec 2000 24 17.1
Armidale Airport AWS 22.4 on 14 Jan 2017 21.8 on 22 Dec 2003 23 12.7
Mangrove Mountain AWS 26.1 on 31 Jan 2017 25.7 on 2 Feb 2011 23 16.3
Badgerys Creek AWS 25.1 on 14 Jan 2017 23.9 on 3 Feb 2011 22 16.5
Orange Airport AWS 23.3 on 18 Jan 2017 23.2 on 18 Jan 2003 21 11.9
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.7 on 14 Jan 2017 29.2 on 18 Jan 2013 20 19.1
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 24.8 on 31 Jan 2017 24.7 on 3 Feb 2011 20 17.2
Merimbula Airport AWS 22.7 on 30 Dec 2016 22.4 on 3 Feb 2011 20 14.7

Record number of summer nights with minimum temperature 20 °C or warmer

New record Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Williamtown RAAF 40 days 36 days in 1997 74 15.6 days
Gunnedah Resource Centre 56 days 51 days in 2005 68 25.7 days
Katoomba (Murri St) 12 days 8 days in 1959 59 1.8 days
Taralga Post Office 5 days 2 days in 2010 59 0.3 days
Mungindi Post Office 76 days 69 days in 2003 51 41.5 days
Inverell Research Centre 22 days 16 days in 2003 51 4.7 days
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 17 days 14 days in 2005 51 5.4 days
Oberon (Springbank) 3 days 2 days in 2010 51 0.1 days
Tumbarumba Post Office 9 days 8 days in 2010 51 1.8 days
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 37 days 27 days in 2009 49 12.3 days
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 35 days 29 days in 2010 47 11.0 days
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 3 days 2 days in 1980 46 0.3 days
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 3 days 2 days in 2003 46 0.2 days
Gulgong Post Office 30 days 23 days in 1980 46 9.0 days
Camden Airport AWS 29 days 21 days in 1990 45 7.4 days
Goulburn TAFE 9 days 6 days in 1982 45 1.4 days
Guyra Hospital 2 days 1 days in 2005 35 0.1 days
Nullo Mountain AWS 11 days 6 days in 2005 26 2.3 days
Mudgee Airport AWS 19 days 12 days in 2005 26 4.4 days
Bathurst Airport AWS 10 days 4 days in 2003 26 1.0 days
Ulladulla AWS 21 days 18 days in 2009 26 7.2 days
Cooma Airport AWS 4 days 2 days in 2008 26 0.4 days
Goulburn Airport AWS 4 days 2 days in 2010 26 0.5 days
Richmond RAAF 37 days 25 days in 2000 23 14.0 days
Mangrove Mountain AWS 22 days 15 days in 2009 22 6.8 days
Moree Aero 63 days 59 days in 2009 21 39.8 days
Inverell (Raglan St) 16 days 9 days in 2003 21 4.1 days
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 41 days 38 days in 2005 21 20.2 days
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 38 days 33 days in 2009 21 19.0 days
Badgerys Creek AWS 24 days 19 days in 2010 21 8.4 days
Penrith Lakes AWS 42 days 29 days in 2014 21 18.2 days
Orange Airport AWS 5 days 2 days in 2008 20 0.5 days
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 8 days 5 days in 2008 20 1.7 days

    Note
  • the "Years of record" column in these two tables shows the number of years with daily data; this may differ from the number of years with monthly means or extremes.
  • these results are for the current open stations only; in some cases larger values have occurred at nearby stations

Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 20.9 20.7 in 1990 157 18.4
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 20.6 = 20.6 in 2005 150 18.9
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 15.4 = 15.4 in 1990 99 13.9
Brewarrina Hospital 22.9 22.8 in 2005 89 20.0
Mungindi Post Office 23.1 22.1 in 1926 88 19.9
Katoomba (Murri St) 15.2 14.9 in 1938 87 12.5
Sydney Airport AMO 20.5 = 20.5 in 1990 77 18.5
Williamtown RAAF 19.7 19.1 in 1990 66 17.5
Gunnedah Resource Centre 20.9 20.3 in 1980 63 18.4
Dunedoo Post Office 18.9 18.4 in 2005 56 16.4
Inverell Research Centre 17.7 17.3 in 2005 56 15.9
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 19.1 18.4 in 2009 49 17.1
Bankstown Airport AWS 19.5 = 19.5 in 1990 48 17.6
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 19.0 18.5 in 2010 47 17.0
Montague Island Lighthouse 18.5 18.4 in 2000 43 17.1
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 14.2 13.9 in 1980 42 12.0
Oberon (Springbank) 12.8 12.4 in 2009 41 10.4
Camden Airport AWS 18.1 17.6 in 1990 40 16.3
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 14.5 14.4 in 2005 40 13.0
Gulgong Post Office 18.1 17.8 in 1980 40 16.0
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 19.0 18.6 in 1980 40 17.1
Goulburn TAFE 15.1 14.4 in 2003 38 13.0
Guyra Hospital 13.9 13.1 in 2005 28 11.6
Bathurst Airport AWS 14.9 14.2 in 2009 25 12.8
Cessnock Airport AWS 18.3 17.6 in 2009 25 16.2
Mount Boyce AWS 14.7 13.8 in 2000 25 12.6
Mudgee Airport AWS 16.9 16.1 in 2009 25 15.0
Nullo Mountain AWS 15.1 14.4 in 1997 25 12.8
Scone Airport AWS 18.2 17.5 in 2005 25 16.2
Ballina Airport AWS 20.4 20.1 in 2005 24 19.1
Tamworth Airport AWS 18.2 = 18.2 in 2005 24 16.6
Dubbo Airport AWS 18.6 = 18.6 in 2006 23 17.1
Grafton Research Stn 20.3 20.2 in 2005 23 18.5
Walgett Airport AWS 22.1 21.3 in 2005 23 19.6
Wanaaring Post Office 22.9 22.8 in 2003 23 21.0
Armidale Airport AWS 15.1 14.5 in 2005 22 12.7
Mangrove Mountain AWS 17.9 17.6 in 1997 22 16.3
Richmond RAAF 19.1 18.2 in 2010 22 17.1
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 19.4 19.1 in 1997 21 17.8
Inverell (Raglan St) 16.7 15.9 in 2005 21 14.6
Moree Aero 22.0 20.7 in 2005 21 19.3
Norah Head AWS 20.4 = 20.4 in 2009 21 19.3
Penrith Lakes AWS 19.8 19.0 in 2010 21 18.0
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 19.1 19.0 in 2005 21 17.8
Glen Innes Airport AWS 13.8 13.4 in 2010 20 12.3
Orange Airport AWS 13.4 13.0 in 2010 20 11.9

Highest summer mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 17.4 17.5 in 1877* 15.6
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 16.9 21.3 in 1913* 14.6
Bathurst Agricultural Station 14.5 15.0 in 1980 12.8
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 17.4 17.6 in 1980* 14.3
Wellington (D&J Rural) 18.3 =18.3 in 1980* 16.3
Prospect Reservoir 19.1 19.9 in 1990 17.3
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 13.1 13.7 in 1991 11.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported


Record highest summer mean temperature

New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 24.8 24.7 in 1990 157 22.0
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.6 25.2 in 1980 135 22.6
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 22.1 = 22.1 in 1951 99 20.3
Quirindi Post Office 26.7 26.4 in 2005 91 23.7
Brewarrina Hospital 30.6 30.5 in 2005 89 27.7
Mungindi Post Office 31.2 29.5 in 2005 88 27.3
Sydney Airport AMO 24.9 24.8 in 1990 77 22.4
Williamtown RAAF 25.3 24.7 in 1997 66 22.6
Gunnedah Resource Centre 28.1 27.3 in 2005 63 24.9
Dunedoo Post Office 27.1 26.1 in 2005 56 23.8
Inverell Research Centre 24.6 24.0 in 2005 56 22.4
Bankstown Airport AWS 25.2 24.9 in 1990 48 22.7
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 24.8 24.3 in 1990 48 22.5
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 25.2 24.4 in 2005 47 22.8
Tabulam (Muirne) 24.0 23.6 in 2005 46 21.6
Montague Island Lighthouse 21.3 21.0 in 2000 43 19.9
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 21.8 21.6 in 1980 42 19.4
Oberon (Springbank) 20.0 19.0 in 1980 41 17.2
Camden Airport AWS 24.9 24.6 in 1990 40 22.5
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 21.2 20.8 in 2005 40 18.9
Gulgong Post Office 25.9 25.1 in 1980 40 23.0
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 25.8 25.1 in 2005 38 23.2
Goulburn TAFE 22.4 21.9 in 1990 37 19.8
Guyra Hospital 20.0 19.0 in 1990 28 17.4
Lord Howe Island Aero 24.0 = 24.0 in 2009 28 22.6
Bathurst Airport AWS 23.1 21.7 in 2003 25 20.1
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 20.5 19.8 in 1997 25 18.5
Cessnock Airport AWS 25.6 24.8 in 2005 25 22.7
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.1 20.7 in 2005 25 19.3
Mount Boyce AWS 20.5 19.3 in 1997 25 17.8
Mudgee Airport AWS 24.9 23.6 in 2005 25 22.2
Nullo Mountain AWS 20.6 19.7 in 2003 25 17.8
Scone Airport AWS 26.4 25.5 in 2005 25 23.3
Ballina Airport AWS 25.2 24.7 in 2009 24 23.5
Bega AWS 21.5 = 21.5 in 2009 24 20.3
Tamworth Airport AWS 26.6 26.3 in 2005 24 24.0
Condobolin Airport AWS 27.1 = 27.1 in 2005 23 25.4
Dubbo Airport AWS 27.1 26.8 in 2005 23 24.6
Grafton Research Stn 26.4 25.7 in 2005 23 24.2
Walgett Airport AWS 30.3 29.8 in 2005 23 27.1
Armidale Airport AWS 21.5 20.6 in 2005 22 18.9
Mangrove Mountain AWS 24.0 23.0 in 1997 22 21.4
Richmond RAAF 26.0 24.6 in 1997 22 23.1
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 24.3 24.1 in 1997 21 22.4
Casino Airport AWS 26.4 25.6 in 2005 21 24.2
Forbes Airport AWS 26.4 = 26.4 in 2003 21 24.9
Inverell (Raglan St) 24.4 23.6 in 2005 21 22.1
Moree Aero 29.6 27.8 in 2005 21 26.2
Norah Head AWS 23.9 23.5 in 2005 21 22.5
Penrith Lakes AWS 26.3 25.1 in 1997 21 23.9
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.2 23.8 in 2005 21 22.5
Glen Innes Airport AWS 20.9 20.2 in 2005 20 18.9
Orange Airport AWS 21.1 19.9 in 2003 20 18.8

Highest summer mean temperature for at least 20 years

Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Yamba Pilot Station 24.9 25.2 in 1895* 23.2
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 21.3 22.1 in 1895* 19.6
Wellington (D&J Rural) 26.5 26.7 in 1918* 24.2
Trangie Research Station AWS 28.1 28.5 in 1938* 25.2
Katoomba (Murri St) 20.6 20.7 in 1938* 17.6
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 23.8 =23.8 in 1990 22.1
Prospect Reservoir 25.1 25.5 in 1990 22.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported


Summary statistics for summer 2016-17

Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2016-17
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2016-17
Mean for
summer
2016-17
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2016-17
Total for
summer
2016-17
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2016-17
Fraction of
summer
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 36.0 +1.2 45.9 11 Feb 2017 21.9 +1.4 13.0 10 Dec 2016 91.6 94.4 average 97%
Tibooburra Airport 37.9 +1.7 45.7 11 Feb 2017 24.5 +1.9 13.7 10 Dec 2016 78.8 65.3 average 121%
White Cliffs AWS 37.3 +1.8 47.0 11 Feb 2017 23.4 +1.5 13.2 10 Dec 2016 90.2 92.8 average 97%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 37.0 +1.4 47.4 11 Feb 2017 20.9 +1.1 9.1 21 Feb 2017 85.4 76.9 average 111%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 34.2 +1.8 45.5 11 Feb 2017 19.5 +1.3 9.5 10 Dec 2016 62.2 72.3 average 86%
Lake Victoria Storage 32.3 +0.9 46.1 10 Feb 2017 16.8 +0.6 8.5 20 Feb 2017 44.8 59.5 average 75%
Pooncarie Mail Agency 35.4 +0.8 47.5 11 Feb 2017 18.8 +0.9 9.6 21 Feb 2017 29.1 67.5 low 43%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 39.2 +3.1 47.1 11 Feb 2017 23.6 +2.1 13.1 20 Feb 2017 41.2 100.0 low 41%
Brewarrina Hospital 38.2 +2.8 45.8 11 Feb 2017 22.9 +2.9 10.9 10 Dec 2016 70.4 137.8 low 51%
Cobar Airport AWS 36.9 +2.9 47.3 11 Feb 2017 20.7 +1.2 9.1 10 Dec 2016 87.6 97.7 average 90%
Cobar MO 36.5 +3.2 46.6 11 Feb 2017 21.7 +1.9 11.2 9 Dec 2016



Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 38.6 +3.7 47.2 12 Feb 2017 23.3 +2.0 13.5 10 Dec 2016 121.4 153.0 average 79%
Wanaaring Post Office 38.6 +2.9 46.9 11 Feb 2017 22.9 +1.9 13.0 21 Feb 2017 61.6 98.9 average 62%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 35.8 +1.4 47.6 11 Feb 2017 19.7 +0.2 9.5 10 Dec 2016 50.4 51.4 average 98%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 35.3 +2.5 46.6 11 Feb 2017 18.5 +1.0 6.6 10 Dec 2016 92.5 132.2 average 70%
Condobolin Airport AWS 35.6 +2.6 46.9 11 Feb 2017 18.6 +0.8 6.9 10 Dec 2016



Peak Hill Post Office 35.4 +3.1 46.0 11 Feb 2017 20.3 +1.7 9.5 10 Dec 2016 101.5 160.7 average 63%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 34.4 +2.0 46.3 11 Feb 2017 17.4 +0.3 6.0 10 Dec 2016 85.2 123.5 average 69%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 37.3 +3.5 46.9 12 Feb 2017 21.3 +2.2 11.1 10 Dec 2016 86.6 165.7 low 52%
Nyngan Airport     47.4 11 Feb 2017 21.3 +2.4 11.0 10 Dec 2016 85.7 141.7 low 60%
Trangie Research Station AWS 36.3 +3.8 47.0 11 Feb 2017 19.8 +1.9 8.2 10 Dec 2016 121.6 146.1 average 83%
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 39.3 +4.6 47.8 12 Feb 2017 23.1 +3.2 11.8 10 Dec 2016 96.9 185.8 low 52%
Walgett Airport AWS 38.6 +4.0 47.9 12 Feb 2017 22.1 +2.5 8.9 10 Dec 2016 61.2 160.7 low 38%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 37.2 +4.2 47.3 12 Feb 2017 22.0 +2.7 10.9 10 Dec 2016 67.2 220.7 v low 30%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Narrabri Airport AWS 37.0 +3.6 46.5 12 Feb 2017 21.7 +2.5 10.8 10 Dec 2016 145.0 200.6 low 72%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 36.2 +3.2 46.5 12 Feb 2017 19.1 +1.6 8.8 10 Dec 2016 186.2 201.8 average 92%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 35.3 +3.9 45.6 12 Feb 2017 20.9 +2.5 11.0 10 Dec 2016 156.6 227.5 low 69%
Quirindi Post Office 35.4 +3.8 44.4 11 Feb 2017 18.1 +2.3 8.0 10 Dec 2016 147.0 225.9 low 65%
Tamworth Airport AWS 34.8 +3.4 45.9 12 Feb 2017 18.2 +1.6 9.4 20 Feb 2017 240.6 216.1 average 111%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 29.2 +2.4 38.0 12 Feb 2017 14.2 +2.2 5.0 10 Dec 2016 330.5 277.7 high 119%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 28.8 +2.9 37.6 12 Feb 2017 14.3 +2.1 5.6 10 Dec 2016 248.8 274.3 low 91%
Armidale Airport AWS 27.9 +2.7 37.1 12 Feb 2017 15.1 +2.4 7.2 10 Dec 2016 289.4 278.7 average 104%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 27.9 +3.0 36.5 11 Feb 2017 14.5 +1.5 8.0 12 Dec 2016 287.9 309.1 average 93%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 28.0 +2.4 36.9 12 Feb 2017 13.8 +1.5 6.5 10 Dec 2016 312.0 299.8 average 104%
Guyra Hospital 26.1 +2.8 35.1 11 Feb 2017 13.9 +2.3 5.9 10 Dec 2016 349.3 335.4 average 104%
Inverell (Raglan St) 32.2 +2.5 41.5 12 Feb 2017 16.7 +2.1 8.2 10 Dec 2016 410.3 300.6 highest 136%
Inverell Research Centre 31.4 +2.6 41.3 12 Feb 2017 17.7 +1.8 9.9 10 Dec 2016 335.0 295.6 average 113%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 28.7 +2.1 39.9 12 Feb 2017 15.4 +1.5 8.1 1 Dec 2016 159.4 312.6 v low 51%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 29.7 +3.1 39.7 12 Feb 2017 18.2 +1.5 13.7 12 Dec 2016 314.0 514.4 low 61%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 30.0 +2.1 37.2 12 Feb 2017 20.4 +1.3 13.3 13 Dec 2016 195.8 502.9 v low 39%
Casino Airport AWS 33.6 +3.8 45.7 12 Feb 2017 19.3 +0.7 11.8 13 Dec 2016 269.6 394.6 low 68%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 31.1 +3.1 43.1 12 Feb 2017 20.3 +0.9 16.1 13 Dec 2016 397.6 410.4 average 97%
Grafton Airport AWS 32.3 +3.1 45.8 12 Feb 2017 19.6 +1.3 13.7 13 Dec 2016 220.6 387.5 low 57%
Grafton Research Stn 32.6 +2.7 46.3 12 Feb 2017 20.3 +1.8 15.1 13 Dec 2016 265.2 356.4 low 74%
Lismore Airport AWS 31.9 +2.4 42.8 12 Feb 2017 19.0 +0.8 12.6 13 Dec 2016 371.2 412.3 average 90%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park)     37.4 14 Jan 2017 20.2 +0.9 14.9 13 Dec 2016 364.9 596.7 low 61%
Yamba Pilot Station 28.6 +2.1 36.1 6 Dec 2016 21.1 +1.2 17.2 12 Dec 2016 293.4 414.4 average 71%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 28.5   38.9 14 Jan 2017 20.5   15.3 12 Dec 2016 332.8


Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 26.9 +3.0 38.0 12 Feb 2017 16.3 +1.7 11.0 10 Dec 2016 453.5 739.0 low 61%
Kempsey Airport AWS 31.0 +2.4 46.7 12 Feb 2017 18.2 +0.9 11.7 12 Dec 2016 142.8 390.5 v low 37%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 28.6 +2.0 35.2 18 Jan 2017 20.8 +1.6 16.5 10 Dec 2016 209.0 437.0 v low 48%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 27.1 +1.0 41.0 18 Jan 2017 20.2 +1.2 15.0 21 Feb 2017 224.4 323.0 low 69%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 29.4 +2.2 46.6 12 Feb 2017 19.1 +1.3 12.6 21 Feb 2017 260.0 434.6 v low 60%
Taree Airport AWS 30.7 +2.5 45.7 12 Feb 2017 19.1 +1.4 13.2 21 Feb 2017 226.8 313.0 low 72%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 31.5 +3.0 43.2 12 Feb 2017 19.0 +2.0 12.8 21 Feb 2017 866.4 685.8 high 126%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 32.9 +3.6 46.8 11 Feb 2017 18.3 +2.1 10.7 2 Dec 2016 183.4 258.1 average 71%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 30.3   43.6 13 Jan 2017 18.5   11.0 20 Feb 2017 221.2


Gosford AWS 29.4   41.9 5 Feb 2017 19.6   13.2 20 Feb 2017 246.4


Maitland Airport AWS 32.6   45.6 11 Feb 2017 18.7   11.3 21 Feb 2017 228.6


Mangrove Mountain AWS 30.2 +3.7 44.4 11 Feb 2017 17.9 +1.6 11.4 20 Feb 2017 246.8 334.6 average 74%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 34.0   45.4 11 Feb 2017 17.0   6.9 21 Feb 2017 146.8 207.9 low 71%
Murrurundi (Haydon Street) 32.8 +2.8 42.2 12 Feb 2017 16.9 +2.3 6.5 21 Feb 2017 238.3 257.4 average 93%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 29.9 +2.9 40.5 12 Feb 2017 17.4 +1.9 8.9 10 Dec 2016 145.2 232.4 low 62%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 27.6 +0.8 38.5 18 Jan 2017 20.7 +2.2 16.0 25 Jan 2017 175.5 306.3 low 57%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 27.0 +1.7 39.2 31 Jan 2017 20.6 +1.7 16.9 20 Dec 2016



Newcastle University 31.0 +2.7 43.5 11 Feb 2017 20.4 +1.6 14.8 1 Dec 2016 185.5 288.6 low 64%
Norah Head AWS 27.5 +1.9 39.9 24 Jan 2017 20.4 +1.1 16.5 19 Dec 2016 243.0 260.3 average 93%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 32.6 +3.4 47.0 11 Feb 2017 19.0 +1.9 12.0 21 Feb 2017 238.4 309.1 average 77%
Scone Airport AWS 34.8 +4.3 46.5 12 Feb 2017 18.2 +2.0 8.3 21 Feb 2017 127.8 199.9 low 64%
Singleton STP 34.0 +3.5 47.2 11 Feb 2017 18.3 +1.3 8.9 21 Feb 2017 143.7 225.9 low 64%
Williamtown RAAF 31.0 +3.4 45.5 11 Feb 2017 19.7 +2.2 13.5 20 Feb 2017 180.2 299.6 low 60%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 33.6 +3.5 43.5 11 Feb 2017 18.1 +2.1 7.5 10 Dec 2016 91.3 199.3 low 46%
Mudgee Airport AWS 33.0 +3.6 43.9 11 Feb 2017 16.9 +1.9 4.8 10 Dec 2016 81.2 216.9 lowest 37%
Nullo Mountain AWS 26.2 +3.3 37.4 11 Feb 2017 15.1 +2.3 7.4 9 Dec 2016 165.8 288.4 v low 57%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 31.3 +4.0 41.5 11 Feb 2017 14.5 +1.7 3.1 10 Dec 2016 73.1 191.8 v low 38%
Bathurst Airport AWS 31.3 +3.9 42.1 11 Feb 2017 14.9 +2.1 3.7 10 Dec 2016 77.2 190.7 v low 40%
Katoomba (Murri St) 26.0 +3.3 37.7 11 Feb 2017 15.2 +2.7 7.9 21 Feb 2017 313.2 456.7 low 69%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 27.8 +3.2 39.3 11 Feb 2017 14.2 +1.8 2.1 21 Feb 2017 186.0 239.8 average 78%
Mount Boyce AWS 26.4 +3.4 37.2 11 Feb 2017 14.7 +2.1 7.0 20 Feb 2017 292.6 327.5 average 89%
Oberon (Springbank) 27.3 +3.3 38.0 11 Feb 2017 12.8 +2.4 2.6 10 Dec 2016 106.4 214.5 low 50%
Orange Airport AWS 28.8 +3.0 40.1 11 Feb 2017 13.4 +1.5 1.2 10 Dec 2016 141.2 232.8 low 61%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 30.2 +3.2 44.6 11 Feb 2017 18.0 +1.6 9.9 21 Dec 2016 223.2 366.8 low 61%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 33.8 +2.8 42.9 11 Feb 2017 17.4 +3.1 5.5 10 Dec 2016 153.8 242.2 average 64%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 33.0 +3.3 42.5 12 Feb 2017 18.9 +2.0 10.5 10 Dec 2016 124.0 245.3 v low 51%
Dunedoo Post Office 35.3 +4.1 45.4 11 Feb 2017 18.9 +2.5 7.6 10 Dec 2016 68.2 196.5 v low 35%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 34.1 +2.3 45.7 11 Feb 2017 16.8 +1.1 4.9 10 Dec 2016 87.4 158.8 low 55%
Dubbo Airport AWS 35.4 +3.3 46.1 11 Feb 2017 18.6 +1.5 6.6 10 Dec 2016 155.0 159.5 average 97%
Forbes Airport AWS 35.1 +2.3 46.7 11 Feb 2017 17.8 +0.9 6.2 10 Dec 2016 87.8 131.6 average 67%
Parkes Airport AWS 34.6 +2.6 45.9 11 Feb 2017 17.4 +1.0 4.4 10 Dec 2016 78.2 180.6 v low 43%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 34.7 +2.5 45.0 11 Feb 2017 18.3 +2.0 5.8 10 Dec 2016 98.2 167.2 low 59%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 31.0 +3.2 44.5 10 Feb 2017 19.5 +1.9 13.1 10 Dec 2016 182.4 264.5 average 69%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 29.3 +2.2 43.1 10 Feb 2017 19.4 +1.6 12.9 21 Feb 2017 283.0 245.5 average 115%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 30.3   45.1 11 Feb 2017 18.3   11.3 10 Dec 2016 226.0


Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 30.6 +2.7 44.5 10 Feb 2017 19.1 +2.0 12.0 20 Feb 2017 265.0 304.5 average 87%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 28.7 +3.1 39.4 31 Jan 2017 20.9 +2.5 16.7 20 Dec 2016 318.6 297.4 average 107%
Sydney Airport AMO 29.3 +3.1 42.9 10 Feb 2017 20.5 +2.0 16.2 10 Dec 2016 261.8 280.7 average 93%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 25.7 +1.5 37.9 31 Jan 2017 20.6 +0.8 17.0 16 Dec 2016



Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 30.3   43.9 10 Feb 2017 19.9   14.1 20 Feb 2017 166.4


Terrey Hills AWS 28.2 +2.4 40.9 5 Feb 2017 18.9 +1.3 13.5 10 Dec 2016 278.8 304.1 average 92%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 31.4 +2.6 44.5 11 Feb 2017 18.7 +1.5 13.0 20 Feb 2017 233.8 251.9 average 93%
Penrith Lakes AWS 32.8 +3.0 46.9 11 Feb 2017 19.8 +1.8 13.9 20 Dec 2016 163.2 279.1 low 58%
Prospect Reservoir 30.9 +2.9 43.4 13 Jan 2017 19.1 +1.8 13.1 20 Dec 2016 322.9 267.2 average 121%
Richmond RAAF 32.9 +3.7 47.0 11 Feb 2017 19.1 +2.0 11.5 21 Feb 2017 172.2 282.0 low 61%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 28.6 +2.5 41.7 30 Jan 2017 17.9 +1.6 10.7 21 Feb 2017 308.8 283.6 average 109%
Bellambi AWS 26.3 +1.8 38.0 13 Dec 2016 19.6 +1.0 15.1 10 Dec 2016 214.8 290.0 low 74%
Camden Airport AWS 31.8 +3.0 45.6 11 Feb 2017 18.1 +1.8 10.7 21 Feb 2017 180.8 240.2 average 75%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 31.4 +2.9 45.6 11 Feb 2017 17.9 +1.7 11.4 21 Feb 2017 188.2 249.7 average 75%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 27.4   39.1 11 Feb 2017 15.0   8.4 10 Dec 2016 178.4


Kiama (Bombo Headland) 26.3 +2.0 39.0 13 Dec 2016 19.4 +1.2 15.3 10 Dec 2016 228.4 308.6 low 74%
Moss Vale AWS 27.3 +2.7 39.6 11 Feb 2017 15.0 +1.8 5.7 21 Feb 2017 147.4 221.6 v low 67%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 28.7 +2.2 43.2 30 Jan 2017 17.5 +1.6 12.4 2 Dec 2016 218.4 283.1 low 77%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 27.8 +1.6 43.2 30 Jan 2017 15.1 +0.7 6.6 10 Dec 2016 98.8 194.6 low 51%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 27.9 +2.4 39.5 11 Feb 2017 13.1 +1.5 2.3 21 Feb 2017 190.8 189.9 average 100%
Green Cape AWS 23.6 +0.5 33.7 13 Dec 2016 17.3 +0.5 10.7 20 Feb 2017 81.2 161.7 low 50%
Merimbula Airport AWS 25.5 +1.4 41.6 30 Jan 2017 15.3 +0.6 8.5 10 Dec 2016 86.0 204.5 v low 42%
Montague Island Lighthouse 24.0 +1.3 35.1 24 Jan 2017 18.5 +1.4 14.2 10 Dec 2016 114.4 218.1 low 52%
Moruya Airport AWS 26.2 +1.6 44.1 30 Jan 2017 16.3 +1.1 8.1 21 Feb 2017 118.6 229.1 v low 52%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 25.2 +1.7 41.6 30 Jan 2017 17.4 +1.8 11.6 13 Feb 2017 113.9 263.3 low 43%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 24.6 +1.6 35.5 24 Jan 2017     11.5 10 Dec 2016 144.6 254.7 low 57%
Nerriga AWS 28.7   40.5 11 Feb 2017 14.2   5.0 21 Feb 2017 131.6


Ulladulla AWS 25.7 +2.0 41.2 30 Jan 2017     14.6 15 Dec 2016 232.4 263.6 average 88%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 26.9 +2.1 37.5 10 Feb 2017 10.9 +0.9 2.0 21 Feb 2017 136.2 186.9 average 73%
Canberra Airport 30.5   41.6 11 Feb 2017 13.8   2.8 21 Feb 2017 93.6


Cooma Airport AWS 26.9 +1.8 36.8 10 Feb 2017 10.4 +0.6 0.4 10 Dec 2016 78.4 155.3 low 50%
Cooma Visitors Centre 28.2 +2.0 37.2 10 Feb 2017 10.9 +0.8 0.7 21 Feb 2017 88.6 174.6 low 51%
Goulburn Airport AWS 29.1 +2.5 40.7 11 Feb 2017 13.2 +1.2 0.7 21 Feb 2017 139.6 158.7 average 88%
Goulburn TAFE 29.7 +3.0 41.2 11 Feb 2017 15.1 +2.1 4.7 21 Feb 2017 118.0 184.6 low 64%
Mount Ginini AWS 20.2 +1.1 30.2 10 Feb 2017 9.6 +1.0 -1.6 20 Feb 2017 144.2 270.5 low 53%
Taralga Post Office 28.8 +3.6 39.0 11 Feb 2017     1.0 10 Dec 2016 161.8 208.0 average 78%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 29.9 +1.8 41.1 10 Feb 2017 14.3 +0.8 3.4 21 Feb 2017 127.0 197.0 low 64%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Thredbo AWS 16.3 +0.8 24.8 10 Feb 2017 7.7 +1.5 -2.7 20 Feb 2017 327.0 311.7 average 105%
Thredbo Village 22.1 +1.6 31.0 10 Feb 2017 8.0 +1.4 -1.5 10 Dec 2016 327.1 318.0 average 103%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 31.9 +1.0 43.7 10 Feb 2017 15.6 0.0 7.5 10 Dec 2016 81.2 124.6 average 65%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 20.4 +0.2 30.6 10 Feb 2017 11.3 +0.8 0.5 20 Feb 2017 282.4 226.3 high 125%
Hume Reservoir 31.0 +1.0 42.7 10 Feb 2017 16.4 +0.5 7.0 19 Feb 2017 97.8 138.7 average 71%
Khancoban AWS 30.5 +0.4 40.9 10 Feb 2017 12.9 +0.2 5.3 21 Feb 2017 178.6 192.4 average 93%
Tumbarumba Post Office 29.6 +1.8 40.5 10 Feb 2017 12.4 +1.1 3.5 21 Feb 2017 141.3 187.9 average 75%
Wagga Wagga AMO 33.0 +2.3 45.0 10 Feb 2017 16.3 +0.8 6.7 10 Dec 2016



Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Burrinjuck Dam 31.7 +3.0 41.5 10 Feb 2017 15.9 +0.9 7.3 21 Feb 2017 103.2 180.8 low 57%
Cootamundra Airport 31.9 +1.3 42.5 10 Feb 2017 14.7 -0.1 2.9 21 Feb 2017 110.6 149.6 average 74%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 32.8 +1.9 43.8 11 Feb 2017 16.2 +0.5 5.6 10 Dec 2016 129.9 154.9 average 84%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 32.5 +1.3 43.2 10 Feb 2017     6.6 19 Feb 2017 149.9 150.0 average 100%
Temora Airport 33.7 +1.7 45.0 11 Feb 2017 15.5 -0.5 3.8 10 Dec 2016 64.4 127.4 low 51%
Young Airport 32.8 +2.4 43.0 11 Feb 2017 14.2 +0.5 2.5 10 Dec 2016 125.8 149.2 average 84%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 32.0 +0.8 43.5 10 Feb 2017 14.8 -0.3 6.0 10 Dec 2016 70.7 115.0 average 61%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 32.4 +0.6 45.8 10 Feb 2017 15.4 -0.3 5.3 10 Dec 2016 43.6 85.0 v low 51%
Narrandera Airport AWS 33.8 +1.8 45.8 10 Feb 2017 16.6 0.0 6.2 10 Dec 2016 97.2 107.7 average 90%
Tocumwal Airport 31.5 +0.5 44.0 10 Feb 2017 15.6 +0.2 6.5 10 Dec 2016 63.2 96.5 average 65%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 33.7 +1.3 46.1 10 Feb 2017 17.5 -0.4 8.0 10 Dec 2016 90.4 93.6 average 97%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 33.8 +1.7 45.8 10 Feb 2017 16.9 +0.2 5.1 10 Dec 2016 68.2 91.6 average 74%
Hay Airport AWS 34.2   47.4 10 Feb 2017     6.0 18 Dec 2016 31.0 105.9 v low 29%
Hillston Airport 34.7 +2.1 47.2 11 Feb 2017 17.9 +0.1 8.5 21 Feb 2017 61.5 89.3 average 69%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 35.1 +1.7 46.8 11 Feb 2017 19.1 +1.2 8.8 11 Dec 2016 54.2 112.5 low 48%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Lord Howe Island Aero 26.5 +1.5 30.3 4 Feb 2017 21.6 +1.4 16.1 13 Dec 2016 85.0 323.5 lowest 26%
Norfolk Island Aero 25.1 +0.8 27.7 20 Feb 2017 19.3 +0.4 15.0 14 Dec 2016




Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Wednesday 1 March 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

For tables that refer to the year a previous record was set, this is listed by the year of the December, i.e. "2005" refers to summer 2005-06.

Further information

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