New South Wales in summer 2018-19: record warm summer; very dry

Summer 2018-19 in New South Wales was the warmest on record. The statewide mean, maximum and minimum temperatures all exceeded previous records by more than half a degree. The State experienced several heatwave events and three consecutive months of warmer than average temperatures. It was the tenth-driest summer on record for the State as a whole.

Record warm summer

  • Statewide, the mean, maximum and minimum temperature for summer were all highest on record, with the largest positive anomalies reported for any State (or Territory) for any season
  • New South Wales' mean temperature for summer was 3.41 ºC above average, exceeding the previous record of +2.67 ºC from summer 2016-17
  • Mean, maximum and minimum temperatures across the State in December and January were the warmest on record (except December mean maximum temperature was second-warmest on record), while February were still warmer than average just not as extreme
  • The State's mean maximum temperature for summer was 3.61 ºC above average (previous record was +3.05 ºC for summer 2016-17)
  • A low pressure system produced a particularly cool day in the State's central west regions and some sites experienced their coldest summer day (lowest maximum temperature) on record on 14 December
  • Heatwaves during January saw many records broken, leading to numerous sites having their warmest summer daytime temperature on record and their warmest summer night on record
  • Many sites across the State, mostly west of the Great Dividing Range, had their warmest summer on record, mostly because of their record mean daily maximum temperature with many also having their highest mean daily minimum temperature on record
  • Statewide, summer mean minimum temperature was 3.21 ºC above average (previous record was +2.33 ºC for summer 1980-81)
  • The highest minimum temperature ever recorded anywhere in Australia occurred at Wanaaring (Borrona Downs) with 36.6 ºC on 26 January

Very dry across the north

  • Overall, summer rainfall was 48% below the long-term average for New South Wales and tenth-driest on record (driest summer since 1984-85)
  • The northern two-thirds of the State recorded very much below average rainfall and the northeast recorded little or no rain during the season
  • A few small areas scattered through the southeast quadrant saw above average rainfall as a result of moderate to heavy falls from thunderstorms
  • An isolated thunderstorm on the 17 December generated heavy falls in excess of 200 mm around the Lower North Coast and some sites had their highest summer daily rainfall on record
  • Numerous sites had their lowest total summer rainfall on record or their lowest total summer rainfall for at least 20 years

Dust storms, fires and severe thunderstorms

  • Persistent dry conditions and strong winds led to numerous dust storms across the State during summer with notable events including: 31 December over Central West Slopes and Plains district, 8 January across the Riverina district, and 12 February across most of the State causing poor air quality in the Illawarra and South West Slopes regions
  • Fires during February through the State's northeastern districts (one in Tingha and another in Tabulam) burnt through more than 30 000 hectares; there were 13 homes and 44 outbuildings lost
  • On the 20 December, severe thunderstorms across Sydney, the Blue Mountains and Central Coast regions generated damaging winds and giant hail
  • Numerous severe thunderstorms affected the State during January and February producing heavy falls and strong winds including on 8 February, Greater Sydney experienced flash flooding as a severe thunderstorm swept across the city

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries

Extremes in summer 2018-19
Hottest day 48.8 °C at Menindee Post Office on 25 Jan 2019
Warmest days on average 39.5 °C at Wanaaring Post Office
Coolest days on average 18.0 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day 7.3 °C at Thredbo AWS on 13 Feb 2019
Coldest night -2.7 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on 14 Feb 2019
Coolest nights on average 7.5 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 25.9 °C at Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS)
Warmest night 36.6 °C at Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS) on 26 Jan 2019
Warmest on average overall 32.5 °C at Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS)
Coolest on average overall 13.1 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 651.4 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview)
Driest overall 4.6 mm at Smithville AWS
Wettest day 281.0 mm at Grafton South (South Grafton (Yeerong)) on 17 Dec 2018
Strongest wind gust 124 km/h at Thredbo AWS on 12 Feb 2019

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Nymboida (Sutton St) 280.0 on 17 Dec 2018 256.5 on 22 Jan 1959 103
Grafton South (South Grafton (Yeerong)) 281.0 on 17 Dec 2018 149.0 on 28 Jan 2013 56
Nana Glen (Cowling Close) 268.0 on 17 Dec 2018 257.0 on 17 Feb 2009 33



Record lowest summer total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Woodburn (Cedar St) 49.2 95.0 in 2001 129 414.2
Drake (Village Resource Centre) 58.5 135.9 in 2013 124 435.9
Urbenville 71.0 118.8 in 2006 76 405.3
Gunnedah Resource Centre 48.0 62.2 in 2013 71 223.8
Bonalbo Post Office 78.4 87.8 in 2001 67 415.3
Tenterfield (Aberfeldie) 105.0 123.8 in 2006 66 288.8
Brays Creek (Misty Mountain) 133.0 137.0 in 2013 65 560.4
Rosebank (Repentance Creek) 177.6 188.6 in 2013 57 660.5
The Channon 114.5 129.5 in 2013 57 498.4
Green Pigeon (Morning View) 146.6 223.2 in 2001 50 613.8
Lillian Rock (Williams Road) 125.0 224.3 in 1968 50 582.7
Tabulam (Muirne) 108.2 142.2 in 2001 48 504.4
Upper Pappinbarra (Hillcrest) 129.0 167.0 in 2013 32 517.5
Walgett Airport AWS 28.4 33.0 in 2012 26 152.3
Ballina Airport AWS 109.2 130.4 in 2013 25 485.0
Moree Aero 30.2 65.8 in 2013 24 210.9
Wilsons Downfall 87.6 150.2 in 2001 24 426.0
Casino Airport AWS 86.8 134.4 in 2013 23 385.8
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 110.4 178.2 in 2013 23 418.6
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 15.0 25.9 in 2013 22 144.0
Dairy Flat 97.8 105.8 in 2001 21 329.5

Lowest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Mungindi Post Office 17.0 9.5 in 1900 184.3
Angledool (Angledool Station) 25.6 23.8 in 1901 163.9
Brewarrina Hospital 12.0 11.9 in 1928* 136.2
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 172.2 91.3 in 1939* 432.4
Bellata Post Office 44.0 35.8 in 1939* 216.4
Uralla (Salisbury Court) 115.6 104.2 in 1938* 268.3
Baradine Forestry 39.8 31.1 in 1964* 209.3
Bingara (Pallal) 75.6 60.4 in 1964* 250.1
Warialda Post Office 68.8 50.7 in 1966* 236.0
Uralla (Blue Nobby) 155.0 134.5 in 1964* 355.2
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 127.6 119.6 in 1979* 272.8
Ganmain (Rosedale) 36.6 33.8 in 1982* 117.4
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 91.3 81.6 in 1986* 303.4
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 80.4 76.2 in 1986* 275.5
Barraba (Mount Lindsay) 145.2 136.2 in 1979* 319.9
Condobolin Retirement Village 36.0 17.0 in 1984* 121.4
Whitton (Conapaira St) 34.0 6.8 in 1984* 87.4
New Italy (Vineyard Haven) 131.6 85.8 in 1918* 403.7
Coleambally Irrigation 35.3 27.3 in 1996* 103.3

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest summer temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Wagga Wagga AMO 45.2 on 17 Jan 2019 = 45.2 on 7 Feb 2009 78 30.7
Burrinjuck Dam 43.1 on 17 Jan 2019 42.5 on 16 Jan 2014 55 28.8
Tumbarumba Post Office 40.8 on 16 Jan 2019 40.5 on 10 Feb 2017 53 27.9
Lake Cargelligo Airport 47.7 on 17 Jan 2019 47.0 on 3 Jan 1973 49 33.4
Tocumwal Airport 46.5 on 25 Jan 2019 45.8 on 3 Jan 1990 49 31.0
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 38.7 on 16 Jan 2019 38.0 on 12 Feb 2017 49 27.0
Cooma Visitors Centre 39.5 on 16 Jan 2019 39.0 on 31 Jan 2009 46 26.2
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 36.5 on 19 Jan 2019 = 36.5 on 11 Feb 2017 46 24.9
Griffith Airport AWS 46.4 on 16 Jan 2019 46.0 on 23 Jan 2001 46 32.2
Broken Hill Airport AWS 46.3 on 16 Jan 2019 45.5 on 11 Feb 2017 31 32.5
Young Airport 43.5 on 26 Jan 2019 43.0 on 11 Feb 2017 28 30.5
Albury Airport AWS 45.3 on 16 Jan 2019 44.8 on 7 Feb 2009 26 31.0
Cootamundra Airport 43.6 on 17 Jan 2019 43.2 on 1 Jan 2006 24 30.6
Narrandera Airport AWS 46.3 on 16 Jan 2019 45.8 on 10 Feb 2017 24 32.1
Deniliquin Airport AWS 47.2 on 25 Jan 2019 46.6 on 7 Feb 2009 22 31.9
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 47.9 on 16 Jan 2019 47.6 on 11 Feb 2017 20 34.5
West Wyalong Airport AWS 46.3 on 17 Jan 2019 = 46.3 on 11 Feb 2017 20 32.6
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 48.5 on 25 Jan 2019 47.6 on 6 Jan 2013 20 35.8



Record lowest summer daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 17.5 on 14 Dec 2018 19.0 on 16 Jan 2005 20 34.5
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 16.6 on 14 Dec 2018 18.5 on 6 Feb 2011 20 35.8



Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Quirindi Post Office 35.4 = 35.4 in 2016 94 31.7
Brewarrina Hospital 38.4 38.3 in 2016 92 35.5
Hillston Airport 36.1 35.4 in 2005 85 32.6
Wagga Wagga AMO 34.0 33.5 in 1990 76 30.7
Williamtown RAAF 31.1 31.0 in 2016 68 27.7
Gunnedah Resource Centre 35.3 = 35.3 in 2016 65 31.5
Inverell Research Centre 32.8 31.6 in 2013 58 28.9
Cobar MO 37.4 36.8 in 2005 56 33.5
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 35.7 = 35.7 in 2005 52 32.9
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 31.7 31.5 in 2016 49 28.6
Tabulam (Muirne) 30.4 29.7 in 2016 48 26.7
Tumbarumba Post Office 31.1 29.8 in 2013 48 27.9
Thredbo Village 23.3 22.7 in 2005 44 20.6
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 30.8 29.2 in 2017 44 27.0
Gulgong Post Office 33.5 = 33.5 in 2016 43 30.3
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 28.8 27.9 in 2016 41 24.9
Griffith Airport AWS 35.4 34.6 in 2000 41 32.2
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 32.6 = 32.6 in 2016 40 29.4
Thredbo AWS 18.0 17.3 in 2005 33 15.5
Guyra Hospital 26.1 = 26.1 in 2016 30 23.4
Broken Hill Airport AWS 35.5 35.2 in 2000 29 32.5
Cessnock Airport AWS 32.9 = 32.9 in 2016 27 29.5
Cooma Airport AWS 28.0 27.9 in 1997 27 25.2
Goulburn Airport AWS 29.4 29.1 in 2016 27 26.8
Young Airport 33.2 32.8 in 2016 27 30.5
Tamworth Airport AWS 34.9 34.8 in 2016 26 31.7
Albury Airport AWS 33.9 32.7 in 2013 25 31.0
Cobar Airport AWS 37.5 36.9 in 2016 25 34.2
Condobolin Airport AWS 36.3 35.6 in 2005 25 33.1
Dubbo Airport AWS 35.4 35.3 in 2016 25 32.3
Wanaaring Post Office 39.5 38.8 in 2005 25 35.9
Armidale Airport AWS 28.3 27.9 in 2016 24 25.3
Cootamundra Airport 33.0 32.5 in 2005 23 30.6
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 33.5 33.0 in 2005 23 31.2
Inverell (Raglan St) 33.3 32.2 in 2016 23 29.9
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 29.5 29.4 in 2016 23 27.4
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 22.2 22.1 in 2002 22 20.2
Glen Innes Airport AWS 28.6 28.0 in 2016 22 25.8
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 30.7 30.0 in 2005 22 28.2
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 29.2 28.8 in 2016 21 26.1
Deniliquin Airport AWS 34.6 33.4 in 2013 21 31.9
Khancoban AWS 31.9 31.8 in 2006 21 30.1
Parkes Airport AWS 35.0 34.6 in 2016 21 32.2
Tibooburra Airport 39.1 38.4 in 2017 21 36.4

Highest summer mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Menindee Post Office 37.0 38.4 in 1918* 33.7
Wellington (D&J Rural) 35.1 35.3 in 1931* 32.2
Hume Reservoir 33.2 33.9 in 1938* 30.0
Lake Cargelligo Airport 36.0 37.0 in 1938* 33.4
Corowa Airport 33.9 34.7 in 1938* 31.2
Tocumwal Airport 33.6 34.1 in 1980 31.0
Lake Victoria Storage 34.6 34.9 in 1981* 31.4

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest summer daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Wagga Wagga AMO 29.8 on 17 Jan 2019 = 29.8 on 21 Dec 1994 78 15.5
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.6 on 27 Jan 2019 25.1 on 28 Dec 1987 62 14.3
Nyngan Airport 32.0 on 18 Jan 2019 = 32.0 on 2 Feb 2006 61 18.9
Menindee Post Office 33.4 on 25 Jan 2019 31.0 on 9 Feb 2017 60 17.9
Cobar MO 32.6 on 18 Jan 2019 32.1 on 1 Jan 2006 57 19.9
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 32.0 on 18 Jan 2019 31.4 on 7 Feb 2009 55 17.5
Hume Reservoir 28.9 on 26 Jan 2019 28.2 on 6 Feb 1973 54 15.9
Dunedoo Post Office 29.8 on 18 Jan 2019 29.0 on 12 Feb 2017 53 16.5
Lake Cargelligo Airport 33.9 on 18 Jan 2019 32.8 on 8 Jan 1969 49 17.9
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 23.9 on 27 Jan 2019 23.0 on 24 Jan 1993 49 12.0
Griffith Airport AWS 30.5 on 25 Jan 2019 30.0 on 8 Jan 2013 46 16.7
Thredbo AWS 18.3 on 26 Jan 2019 = 18.3 on 8 Feb 2009 40 6.3
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 22.0 on 16 Jan 2019 = 22.0 on 28 Jan 2018 36 16.3
Broken Hill Airport AWS 33.6 on 25 Jan 2019 33.2 on 1 Jan 2006 31 18.4
Wanaaring Post Office 33.7 on 25 Jan 2019 32.6 on 7 Jan 2018 27 21.1
Cobar Airport AWS 33.2 on 18 Jan 2019 32.6 on 1 Jan 2006 26 19.5
Condobolin Airport AWS 31.6 on 5 Jan 2019 31.5 on 7 Feb 2009 26 17.9
Walgett Airport AWS 31.8 on 27 Jan 2019 30.5 on 13 Jan 2013 26 19.7
Cootamundra Airport 27.0 on 5 Jan 2019 26.5 on 6 Feb 2009 24 14.8
Forbes Airport AWS 30.0 on 5 Jan 2019 28.8 on 7 Feb 2009 24 17.0
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 24.0 on 21 Jan 2019 = 24.0 on 8 Jan 2004 24 17.9
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.8 on 18 Jan 2019 29.7 on 14 Jan 2017 22 19.2
Tibooburra Airport 34.8 on 26 Jan 2019 33.5 on 19 Dec 2017 22 22.8
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 33.6 on 25 Jan 2019 33.0 on 15 Feb 2004 20 19.6
West Wyalong Airport AWS 30.3 on 5 Jan 2019 29.4 on 15 Jan 2009 20 17.1
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 33.6 on 25 Jan 2019 32.5 on 18 Jan 2017 20 19.9



Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 17.6 17.5 in 1877 141 15.7
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 17.6 = 17.6 in 1980 137 14.3
Wellington (D&J Rural) 18.9 18.7 in 1972 97 16.3
Quirindi Post Office 19.1 18.2 in 2005 94 15.8
Brewarrina Hospital 23.0 22.9 in 2016 91 20.1
Lake Cargelligo Airport 21.5 20.9 in 1938 89 17.9
Hume Reservoir 19.1 18.3 in 1980 84 15.9
Hillston Airport 20.8 20.4 in 1980 83 17.8
Wagga Wagga AMO 18.8 17.9 in 1972 76 15.5
Trangie Research Station AWS 21.2 21.0 in 1938 75 17.9
Gunnedah Resource Centre 21.0 20.9 in 2016 65 18.4
Dunedoo Post Office 19.3 18.9 in 2016 58 16.5
Cobar MO 23.0 22.3 in 2005 56 19.9
Taralga Post Office 13.5 13.0 in 2016 56 11.3
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 21.4 20.5 in 1980 53 17.5
Tumbarumba Post Office 13.8 13.4 in 2010 50 11.4
Peak Hill Post Office 21.0 20.6 in 2006 49 18.7
Tocumwal Airport 17.3 17.2 in 1980 48 15.4
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 14.5 14.2 in 2016 44 12.0
Gulgong Post Office 18.4 18.1 in 2016 42 16.1
Griffith Airport AWS 19.8 18.7 in 1980 41 16.7
Thredbo Village 8.7 = 8.7 in 2010 41 6.6
Thredbo AWS 8.3 8.1 in 2005 33 6.3
Bathurst Airport AWS 15.3 14.9 in 2016 27 13.0
Bombala AWS 11.9 11.5 in 2009 27 10.1
Cooma Airport AWS 12.0 11.4 in 2010 27 9.9
Goulburn Airport AWS 13.7 13.5 in 2010 27 12.0
Mudgee Airport AWS 17.2 16.9 in 2016 27 15.1
Scone Airport AWS 18.5 18.1 in 2016 27 16.3
Young Airport 16.4 15.6 in 2006 27 13.8
Bega AWS 15.8 15.7 in 2009 26 14.5
Tamworth Airport AWS 18.8 18.4 in 2016 26 16.6
Albury Airport AWS 17.6 16.7 in 2009 25 15.6
Cobar Airport AWS 22.8 21.2 in 2005 25 19.5
Condobolin Airport AWS 21.4 19.1 in 2009 25 17.9
Dubbo Airport AWS 19.5 18.6 in 2016 25 17.2
Walgett Airport AWS 22.3 22.1 in 2016 25 19.7
Wanaaring Post Office 24.2 22.9 in 2016 25 21.1
Cootamundra Airport 17.3 16.3 in 2006 23 14.8
Forbes Airport AWS 19.7 18.4 in 2003 23 17.0
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 12.5 12.1 in 2000 22 10.6
Orange Airport AWS 13.9 13.4 in 2016 22 12.0
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 14.9 14.7 in 2009 22 13.6
Coonamble Airport AWS 22.2 21.3 in 2016 21 19.2
Deniliquin Airport AWS 17.4 16.9 in 2000 21 15.7
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 17.9 17.4 in 2015 21 15.9
Khancoban AWS 14.1 14.0 in 2006 21 12.7
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 24.1 23.7 in 2005 21 21.5
Parkes Airport AWS 19.1 17.9 in 2003 21 16.5
Tibooburra Airport 25.1 24.7 in 2005 21 22.8
Merimbula Airport AWS 16.3 15.9 in 2017 20 14.8

Highest summer mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Corowa Airport 17.1 18.6 in 1925* 15.1
Bathurst Agricultural Station 15.1 16.0 in 1946* 12.8
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 13.4 13.7 in 1991 11.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 25.6 = 25.6 in 2016 137 22.7
Wellington (D&J Rural) 27.0 26.7 in 1918 97 24.3
Quirindi Post Office 27.3 26.8 in 2016 93 23.8
Brewarrina Hospital 30.7 30.6 in 2016 91 27.8
Hume Reservoir 26.2 25.9 in 1938 84 23.0
Hillston Airport 28.5 27.7 in 1980 83 25.2
Wagga Wagga AMO 26.4 25.2 in 2002 76 23.1
Trangie Research Station AWS 28.7 28.5 in 1938 75 25.2
Gunnedah Resource Centre 28.2 28.1 in 2016 65 25.0
Dunedoo Post Office 27.1 = 27.1 in 2016 58 23.9
Inverell Research Centre 25.0 24.6 in 2016 58 22.4
Cobar MO 30.2 29.5 in 2005 56 26.7
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 28.5 27.9 in 1980 52 25.2
Tabulam (Muirne) 23.9 = 23.9 in 2016 48 21.7
Tumbarumba Post Office 22.4 21.4 in 1972 48 19.6
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 22.6 21.7 in 2016 44 19.5
Gulgong Post Office 25.9 25.8 in 2016 42 23.2
Thredbo Village 16.0 15.6 in 2005 41 13.7
Griffith Airport AWS 27.6 26.3 in 2000 40 24.5
Thredbo AWS 13.1 12.7 in 2005 33 10.9
Bombala AWS 19.2 18.5 in 2016 27 17.2
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 20.5 = 20.5 in 2016 27 18.7
Cooma Airport AWS 20.0 19.3 in 1997 27 17.6
Goulburn Airport AWS 21.6 21.1 in 2016 27 19.4
Mudgee Airport AWS 24.9 = 24.9 in 2016 27 22.4
Scone Airport AWS 26.5 26.4 in 2016 27 23.5
Young Airport 24.8 23.6 in 2006 27 22.2
Bega AWS 21.6 21.5 in 2009 26 20.4
Tamworth Airport AWS 26.8 26.6 in 2016 26 24.2
Albury Airport AWS 25.8 24.6 in 2002 25 23.3
Cobar Airport AWS 30.2 28.9 in 2005 25 26.9
Condobolin Airport AWS 28.8 27.1 in 2016 25 25.5
Dubbo Airport AWS 27.4 27.0 in 2016 25 24.8
Wanaaring Post Office 31.8 30.8 in 2005 25 28.5
Cootamundra Airport 25.1 24.0 in 2006 23 22.7
Forbes Airport AWS 27.3 26.4 in 2016 23 25.0
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 17.3 16.9 in 2000 22 15.4
Orange Airport AWS 21.3 21.1 in 2016 22 19.0
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 22.8 22.2 in 2005 22 20.9
Coonamble Airport AWS 29.4 29.3 in 2016 21 26.7
Deniliquin Airport AWS 26.0 25.1 in 2000 21 23.8
Khancoban AWS 23.0 22.9 in 2006 21 21.4
Parkes Airport AWS 27.1 26.0 in 2016 21 24.3
Tibooburra Airport 32.1 31.5 in 2005 21 29.6
Merimbula Airport AWS 20.8 20.6 in 2017 20 19.5

Highest summer mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Lake Cargelligo Airport 28.8 29.0 in 1938* 25.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for summer 2018-19
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2018-19
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2018-19
Mean for
summer
2018-19
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2018-19
Total for
summer
2018-19
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2018-19
Fraction of
summer
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 37.4 +2.4 47.5 25 Jan 2019 22.8 +2.1 11.5 15 Dec 2018 23.0 83.6 low 28%
Smithville AWS 38.9   48.0 25 Jan 2019 23.6   11.1 14 Dec 2018 4.6
Tibooburra Airport 39.1 +2.7 48.2 17 Jan 2019 25.1 +2.3 12.4 14 Dec 2018 18.8 61.4 low 31%
Wanaaring (Borrona Downs AWS) 39.0   47.0 17 Jan 2019 25.9   13.5 14 Dec 2018 16.4
White Cliffs AWS 38.3 +2.5 48.2 16 Jan 2019 24.4 +2.3 11.5 15 Dec 2018 18.6 82.7 v low 22%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 38.2 +2.4 48.5 25 Jan 2019 22.4 +2.5 10.3 14 Feb 2019 24.8 72.9 low 34%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 35.5 +3.0 46.3 16 Jan 2019 20.7 +2.3 9.5 14 Dec 2018 26.4 70.6 low 37%
Lake Victoria Storage 34.6 +3.2 46.0 16 Jan 2019 17.6 +1.4 9.8 13 Feb 2019 42.6 59.3 average 72%
Menindee Post Office 37.0 +3.3 48.8 25 Jan 2019 20.7 +2.8 11.0 14 Dec 2018 32.0 66.9 average 48%
Mulurulu AWS 35.9   47.8 25 Jan 2019 20.4   10.1 3 Dec 2018 44.8
Pooncarie Mail Agency 36.7 +2.0 48.2 16 Jan 2019 19.7 +1.6 10.5 13 Feb 2019 29.7 67.3 low 44%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 39.0 +2.7 47.4 17 Jan 2019 24.1 +2.4 13.2 3 Dec 2018 23.4 95.1 low 25%
Brewarrina Hospital 38.4 +2.9 46.3 16 Jan 2019 23.0 +2.9 11.0 15 Dec 2018 12.0 136.2 v low 9%
Cobar Airport AWS 37.5 +3.3 47.2 17 Jan 2019 22.8 +3.3 10.8 14 Feb 2019 62.2 94.5 average 66%
Cobar MO 37.4 +3.9 46.8 17 Jan 2019 23.0 +3.1 11.3 14 Dec 2018 47.4 121.0 low 39%
Lightning Ridge Visitor Information Cent 37.3 +2.1 46.0 16 Jan 2019 24.1 +2.6 15.4 15 Dec 2018 15.0 144.0 lowest 10%
Noona AWS 37.5   48.1 17 Jan 2019 23.8   12.0 14 Dec 2018 63.4
Wanaaring (Delta AWS) 38.7   47.5 17 Jan 2019 24.3   13.7 14 Dec 2018 33.4
Wanaaring Post Office 39.5 +3.6 48.1 17 Jan 2019 24.2 +3.1 13.5 14 Dec 2018 40.6 98.1 low 41%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Balranald (RSL) 34.5 +2.3 47.4 25 Jan 2019 18.0 +2.1 9.6 14 Feb 2019 61.0 73.7 average 83%
Euabalong (Mount Hope AWS) 36.2   46.9 16 Jan 2019 20.7   9.6 14 Feb 2019 63.6
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 36.6 +2.1 47.9 16 Jan 2019 21.4 +1.8 9.8 14 Dec 2018 46.0 54.4 average 85%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 35.7 +2.8 45.9 17 Jan 2019 21.4 +3.9 10.9 14 Dec 2018 63.5 130.6 low 49%
Condobolin Airport AWS 36.3 +3.2 46.7 17 Jan 2019 21.4 +3.5 10.7 14 Feb 2019 61.2 112.7 low 54%
Peak Hill Post Office 35.2 +2.8 44.0 17 Jan 2019 21.0 +2.3 10.7 3 Dec 2018 213.4 160.8 high 133%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 35.1 +2.5 46.3 17 Jan 2019 20.1 +3.0 11.2 14 Feb 2019 83.8 123.2 average 68%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 36.6 +2.5 45.3 16 Jan 2019 22.2 +3.0 12.9 1 Dec 2018 90.6 160.2 average 57%
Nyngan (Girilambone (Okeh) AWS) 37.4   46.6 16 Jan 2019 23.4   14.5 11 Feb 2019 20.4
Trangie Research Station AWS 36.2 +3.6 45.2 16 Jan 2019 21.2 +3.3 11.9 3 Dec 2018 103.6 145.4 average 71%
Walgett (Brewon AWS) 37.8   46.8 16 Jan 2019 22.8   11.6 15 Dec 2018 40.2
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 38.2 +3.5 45.6 16 Jan 2019 22.7 +2.7 12.8 11 Feb 2019 17.0 184.3 v low 9%
Walgett Airport AWS 37.8 +2.9 46.4 16 Jan 2019 22.3 +2.6 12.1 1 Dec 2018 28.4 152.3 lowest 19%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 36.3 +3.0 42.9 16 Jan 2019 21.5 +2.0 12.9 11 Feb 2019 30.2 210.9 lowest 14%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Narrabri Airport AWS 36.5 +2.7 42.7 13 Jan 2019 21.5 +2.1 12.3 1 Dec 2018 69.4 187.5 v low 37%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 35.9 +2.6 43.5 16 Jan 2019 19.3 +1.7 11.1 1 Dec 2018 65.2 188.9 v low 35%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 35.3 +3.8 43.0 16 Jan 2019 21.0 +2.6 13.6 23 Feb 2019 48.0 223.8 lowest 21%
Quirindi Post Office 35.4 +3.7 43.6 16 Jan 2019 19.1 +3.3 11.1 24 Dec 2018 121.4 224.7 low 54%
Tamworth Airport AWS 34.9 +3.2 42.9 16 Jan 2019 18.8 +2.2 11.0 1 Dec 2018 95.2 207.0 v low 46%
Woolbrook (Woolbrook Road) 30.8 +3.8 38.7 16 Jan 2019 14.5 +2.5 5.5 1 Dec 2018 127.6 272.8 v low 47%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 29.2 +3.1 37.4 19 Jan 2019 12.7 +0.4 5.6 1 Dec 2018 142.4 265.1 v low 54%
Armidale Airport AWS 28.3 +3.0 36.0 19 Jan 2019 13.8 +1.0 7.8 23 Dec 2018 166.6 273.6 v low 61%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 28.8 +3.9 36.5 19 Jan 2019 13.5 +0.5 7.0 1 Dec 2018 137.0 307.5 v low 45%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 28.6 +2.8 36.0 19 Jan 2019 12.8 +0.4 3.8 1 Dec 2018 155.0 292.6 v low 53%
Guyra Hospital 26.1 +2.7 33.8 19 Jan 2019 12.4 +0.8 6.4 7 Dec 2018 194.4 329.5 v low 59%
Inverell (Raglan St) 33.3 +3.4 38.9 19 Jan 2019     9.6 16 Feb 2019 113.6 287.2 v low 40%
Inverell Research Centre 32.8 +3.9 38.8 19 Jan 2019 17.2 +1.2 11.7 24 Dec 2018 109.3 291.9 v low 37%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 28.2 +1.6 35.7 19 Jan 2019 13.7 -0.3 9.0 11 Dec 2018 160.0 311.2 v low 51%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 30.4 +3.7 38.2 13 Feb 2019 17.5 +0.8 12.8 7 Dec 2018 108.2 504.4 lowest 21%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 29.3 +1.3 35.2 13 Feb 2019 19.4 +0.2 13.5 26 Dec 2018 109.2 485.0 lowest 23%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 29.0 +1.7 33.6 31 Jan 2019 21.4 +0.7 16.6 5 Dec 2018 104.6 435.2 v low 24%
Casino Airport AWS 33.5 +3.5 42.0 21 Dec 2018 17.8 -0.8 11.9 28 Dec 2018 86.8 385.8 lowest 22%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 30.0 +1.8 39.8 13 Feb 2019 20.0 +0.6 16.2 27 Dec 2018 112.8 394.2 v low 29%
Grafton Airport AWS 31.4 +1.8 41.3 13 Feb 2019 18.8 +0.4 13.2 2 Dec 2018 236.8 373.7 low 63%
Grafton Research Stn 32.2 +2.2 43.2 13 Feb 2019 19.2 +0.6 14.4 2 Dec 2018 234.0 354.5 low 66%
Lismore Airport AWS 31.8 +2.1 41.8 13 Feb 2019 17.4 -0.9 11.8 28 Dec 2018 89.0 395.9 v low 22%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 30.1 +0.9 36.9 21 Dec 2018 19.5 +0.2 14.0 25 Dec 2018 186.3 583.1 v low 32%
Yamba Pilot Station 28.4 +1.9 31.9 12 Feb 2019 21.0 +1.1 17.5 25 Dec 2018 188.4 412.7 v low 46%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 28.7   39.9 13 Feb 2019 20.4   16.0 4 Dec 2018 260.5
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd) 25.9 +1.8 35.2 19 Jan 2019 15.3 +0.6 10.2 2 Dec 2018 511.5 714.6 average 72%
Kempsey Airport AWS 30.8 +2.0 39.5 12 Feb 2019 17.0 -0.3 11.5 9 Dec 2018 106.8 363.7 v low 29%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 28.1 +1.5 33.6 5 Feb 2019     16.5 26 Feb 2019 172.2 432.4 v low 40%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 26.2 +0.1 37.3 2 Dec 2018 19.5 +0.5 14.7 1 Feb 2019 211.4 321.7 low 66%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 29.5 +2.1 39.7 12 Feb 2019 18.6 +0.7 11.6 8 Dec 2018 110.4 418.6 lowest 26%
Taree Airport AWS 30.3 +1.9 38.8 5 Jan 2019 18.4 +0.7 12.7 16 Feb 2019 129.0 299.6 v low 43%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 31.7 +3.1 41.1 19 Jan 2019 18.0 +0.9 12.6 2 Dec 2018 651.4 684.0 average 95%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 32.9 +3.4 43.5 26 Jan 2019 17.6 +1.3 10.1 24 Dec 2018 176.2 252.6 low 70%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 29.3 +1.2 40.3 26 Jan 2019 17.6 +0.6 10.8 7 Dec 2018 219.2 313.0 low 70%
Gosford AWS 28.5   40.8 5 Jan 2019 18.8   12.3 24 Dec 2018
Maitland Airport AWS 32.8   42.6 26 Jan 2019 18.0   11.7 24 Dec 2018 154.8
Mangrove Mountain AWS 29.4 +2.6 39.7 26 Jan 2019 17.2 +0.8 10.8 24 Dec 2018 322.6 332.3 average 97%
Merriwa (Roscommon) 33.0 +2.6 40.8 27 Jan 2019 17.3 +1.7 10.1 3 Dec 2018
Murrurundi Gap AWS 30.3 +2.9 39.2 16 Jan 2019 17.8 +2.1 8.8 24 Dec 2018 117.2 220.2 v low 53%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 27.5 +0.7 34.7 12 Feb 2019     12.5 10 Dec 2018 91.3 303.4 v low 30%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 26.1 +0.8 38.2 26 Jan 2019 20.2 +1.3 15.2 24 Dec 2018 80.4 275.5 v low 29%
Newcastle University 30.6 +2.1 40.6 5 Jan 2019 19.7 +0.8 13.2 24 Dec 2018 56.6 269.5 v low 21%
Norah Head AWS 27.1 +1.4 39.5 5 Jan 2019 19.8 +0.4 15.2 24 Dec 2018
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 32.6 +3.2 43.5 26 Jan 2019 18.2 +1.0 12.2 24 Dec 2018 157.4 304.1 low 52%
Scone Airport AWS 34.5 +3.7 43.4 16 Jan 2019 18.5 +2.2 9.5 24 Dec 2018 125.0 191.8 low 65%
Singleton (Defence) 33.2   43.9 26 Jan 2019 19.1   11.6 24 Dec 2018 147.0
Williamtown RAAF 31.1 +3.4 41.8 26 Jan 2019 18.9 +1.3 12.8 7 Dec 2018 99.6 294.9 v low 34%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 33.5 +3.2 42.7 16 Jan 2019 18.4 +2.3 10.3 3 Dec 2018 144.5 198.7 average 73%
Mudgee Airport AWS 32.5 +2.9 40.7 16 Jan 2019 17.2 +2.1 7.3 3 Dec 2018 200.4 212.8 average 94%
Nullo Mountain AWS 25.4 +2.3 34.6 16 Jan 2019 14.8 +1.9 7.6 10 Feb 2019 305.8 287.3 average 106%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 30.5 +3.2 40.2 17 Jan 2019 15.1 +2.3 6.3 3 Dec 2018 259.7 192.3 high 135%
Bathurst Airport AWS 29.8 +2.2 38.1 16 Jan 2019 15.3 +2.3 6.8 3 Dec 2018 296.4 194.3 high 153%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 26.9 +1.8 36.1 17 Jan 2019 13.5 +0.9 5.2 1 Dec 2018 256.4 240.0 average 107%
Marrangaroo (Defence) 26.8   35.9 17 Jan 2019 12.5   3.3 3 Dec 2018 255.2
Mount Boyce AWS 25.9 +2.7 36.1 17 Jan 2019 14.6 +1.9 7.5 3 Dec 2018 343.2 325.2 average 106%
Oberon (Albion St) 26.6 +2.5 35.5 17 Jan 2019 12.6 +2.1 2.5 3 Dec 2018 284.7 215.6 high 132%
Orange Airport AWS 28.6 +2.6 37.5 16 Jan 2019 13.9 +1.9 4.8 3 Dec 2018 195.4 229.5 low 85%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 29.4 +1.9 39.6 5 Jan 2019 17.5 +1.0 11.6 24 Dec 2018 290.4 364.8 average 80%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran (Showgrounds) 33.8 +2.8 42.0 16 Jan 2019 17.6 +3.3 8.8 1 Dec 2018 114.6 240.7 low 48%
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 32.7 +2.7 40.5 16 Jan 2019 19.1 +2.0 11.3 23 Dec 2018 120.6 233.8 v low 52%
Dunedoo Post Office 34.8 +3.5 43.8 16 Jan 2019 19.3 +2.8 10.0 3 Dec 2018 147.7 195.7 average 75%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 34.4 +2.4 43.6 26 Jan 2019 18.3 +2.4 9.3 3 Dec 2018 117.4 158.9 average 74%
Dubbo Airport AWS 35.4 +3.1 44.6 16 Jan 2019 19.5 +2.3 9.0 3 Dec 2018 117.2 154.5 average 76%
Forbes Airport AWS 35.0 +2.0 45.4 17 Jan 2019 19.7 +2.7 9.9 14 Feb 2019 150.8 132.4 high 114%
Parkes Airport AWS 35.0 +2.8 44.5 17 Jan 2019 19.1 +2.6 7.9 3 Dec 2018 79.6 177.0 low 45%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 35.1 +2.9 43.5 17 Jan 2019 18.9 +2.6 8.5 3 Dec 2018 141.9 166.7 average 85%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 30.5 +2.6 40.0 31 Jan 2019 19.0 +1.3 12.6 24 Dec 2018 258.8 261.4 average 99%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 28.6 +1.4 38.9 31 Jan 2019 18.9 +1.0 11.8 24 Dec 2018 239.0 243.4 average 98%
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 30.0   40.2 31 Jan 2019 18.6   10.7 24 Dec 2018 235.6
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 30.2 +2.2 39.2 31 Jan 2019 18.1 +0.9 10.2 24 Dec 2018 230.0 300.6 average 77%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 28.0 +2.3 39.6 31 Jan 2019 20.2 +1.8 14.9 24 Dec 2018 229.2 296.3 average 77%
Sydney Airport AMO 29.0 +2.7 40.6 31 Jan 2019 20.1 +1.6 15.0 24 Dec 2018 216.4 279.1 average 78%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 24.8 +0.4 36.2 31 Jan 2019 20.3 +0.4 15.7 23 Dec 2018
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 29.6   40.2 31 Jan 2019 19.3   12.4 24 Dec 2018
Terrey Hills AWS 27.2 +1.1 37.3 31 Jan 2019 18.4 +0.7 12.7 24 Dec 2018 282.2 302.6 average 93%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 30.7 +1.7 39.6 18 Jan 2019 18.2 +0.9 11.4 24 Dec 2018 234.6 245.5 average 96%
Richmond RAAF 31.6 +2.1 41.4 17 Jan 2019 18.5 +1.3 11.9 24 Dec 2018 246.2 274.8 average 90%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 27.5 +1.2 39.8 31 Jan 2019 17.5 +1.1 9.9 24 Dec 2018 182.4 275.4 low 66%
Bellambi AWS 24.9 +0.3 35.9 12 Feb 2019 19.1 +0.5 14.5 10 Feb 2019 260.4 288.5 average 90%
Camden Airport AWS 31.2 +2.2 40.9 26 Jan 2019 17.6 +1.3 10.5 24 Dec 2018 218.2 237.8 average 92%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 30.9 +1.9 40.1 5 Jan 2019 17.4 +1.0 10.7 24 Dec 2018 230.0 236.6 average 97%
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 27.0   38.6 26 Jan 2019 15.1   8.8 14 Feb 2019 173.6
Holsworthy (Defence) 30.3   40.9 28 Dec 2018 17.7   10.4 24 Dec 2018 297.4
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 25.1 +0.8 35.1 31 Jan 2019 18.9 +0.9 13.9 3 Dec 2018 215.8 297.1 low 73%
Jervis Bay NSW (Jervis Bay Airfield AWS) 25.5   38.3 31 Jan 2019 18.1   12.6 3 Dec 2018 170.6
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 25.2 +0.7 36.5 12 Feb 2019 19.1 +0.8 14.6 10 Feb 2019 212.4 293.8 low 72%
Moss Vale AWS 27.1 +2.2 39.4 26 Jan 2019 15.0 +1.6 6.6 14 Feb 2019 152.2 216.2 low 70%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 28.1 +1.4 39.5 31 Jan 2019 17.4 +1.3 10.8 14 Feb 2019 197.8 275.3 low 72%
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 27.3 +1.0 37.9 22 Jan 2019 15.8 +1.3 6.7 3 Dec 2018 294.0 201.8 high 146%
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 27.7 +2.0 39.6 17 Jan 2019 13.4 +1.7 4.8 14 Feb 2019 251.8 192.6 high 131%
Green Cape AWS 24.0 +0.8 31.0 12 Feb 2019 17.7 +0.8 11.7 3 Dec 2018 242.8 165.2 high 147%
Merimbula Airport AWS 25.3 +1.0 33.6 12 Feb 2019 16.3 +1.5 8.0 3 Dec 2018 244.2 206.5 average 118%
Moruya Airport AWS 25.6 +0.9 40.3 28 Dec 2018 16.6 +1.3 8.7 3 Dec 2018 211.8 237.1 average 89%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 24.3 +0.7 37.2 28 Dec 2018 17.6 +1.9 11.6 23 Dec 2018 215.4 264.0 average 82%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 24.3 +1.2 34.0 12 Feb 2019 17.6 +1.3 12.2 3 Dec 2018 262.6 255.8 average 103%
Nerriga AWS 28.2   40.8 17 Jan 2019 14.3   4.8 14 Feb 2019 186.8
Ulladulla AWS 24.7 +0.9 37.3 31 Jan 2019 18.3 +1.3 12.8 10 Feb 2019 171.6 266.8 low 64%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 27.6 +2.7 39.5 25 Jan 2019 12.5 +2.5 2.4 14 Feb 2019 164.6 187.0 average 88%
Bombala AWS 26.4 +2.1 38.9 25 Jan 2019 11.9 +1.8 1.5 3 Dec 2018 197.4 163.1 average 121%
Canberra Airport 31.0 +2.4 41.6 16 Jan 2019 14.8 +1.6 5.5 10 Feb 2019 210.4 198.6 average 106%
Cooma Airport AWS 28.0 +2.8 37.9 16 Jan 2019 12.0 +2.1 0.5 14 Feb 2019 128.8 155.2 average 83%
Cooma Visitors Centre 28.7 +2.5 39.5 16 Jan 2019     2.0 3 Dec 2018 116.9 173.9 low 67%
Goulburn Airport AWS 29.4 +2.6 40.6 26 Jan 2019 13.7 +1.7 5.1 14 Feb 2019 148.2 160.2 average 93%
Goulburn TAFE 29.3 +2.5 40.7 26 Jan 2019 14.9 +1.8 7.1 14 Feb 2019 191.6 186.3 average 103%
Mount Ginini AWS 21.7 +2.5 32.2 16 Jan 2019 10.5 +1.7 0.2 13 Feb 2019 265.8 276.1 average 96%
Taralga Post Office 28.2 +2.9 39.0 17 Jan 2019 13.5 +2.2 3.0 3 Dec 2018 260.4 208.4 high 125%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 30.7 +2.5 40.8 17 Jan 2019 14.9 +1.3 4.8 3 Dec 2018 199.0 197.4 average 101%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 20.3   30.1 16 Jan 2019 7.5   -2.7 14 Feb 2019 243.8
Thredbo AWS 18.0 +2.5 27.2 16 Jan 2019 8.3 +2.0 -1.5 13 Feb 2019 238.0 312.8 low 76%
Thredbo Village 23.3 +2.7 33.0 16 Jan 2019 8.7 +2.1 -1.0 14 Feb 2019 277.6 317.2 average 88%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 33.9 +2.9 45.3 16 Jan 2019 17.6 +2.0 8.0 14 Feb 2019 89.0 126.4 average 70%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 22.2 +2.0 32.3 16 Jan 2019 12.5 +1.9 2.3 13 Feb 2019 188.6 232.0 average 81%
Hume Reservoir 33.2 +3.2 44.0 25 Jan 2019 19.1 +3.2 8.2 14 Feb 2019 91.0 138.8 average 66%
Khancoban AWS 31.9 +1.8 41.6 16 Jan 2019 14.1 +1.4 4.9 14 Feb 2019 171.8 193.8 average 89%
Tumbarumba Post Office 31.1 +3.2 40.8 16 Jan 2019 13.8 +2.4 4.1 3 Dec 2018 166.4 188.1 average 88%
Wagga Wagga AMO 34.0 +3.3 45.2 17 Jan 2019 18.8 +3.3 7.7 14 Feb 2019 110.4 127.5 average 87%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Cootamundra Airport 33.0 +2.4 43.6 17 Jan 2019 17.3 +2.5 5.9 14 Feb 2019 128.6 150.7 average 85%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd)     43.8 26 Jan 2019 17.7 +2.0 5.8 14 Feb 2019 126.2 155.2 average 81%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 33.5 +2.3 43.0 17 Jan 2019 17.9 +2.0 9.0 3 Dec 2018 115.8 150.8 average 77%
Temora Airport 34.3 +2.1 44.8 17 Jan 2019 18.4 +2.4 8.1 14 Feb 2019 114.6 130.0 average 88%
Young Airport 33.2 +2.7 43.5 26 Jan 2019 16.4 +2.6 4.9 3 Dec 2018 202.6 153.9 high 132%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 33.9 +2.7 45.5 25 Jan 2019 17.1 +2.0 8.2 13 Feb 2019 90.0 114.9 average 78%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 34.6 +2.7 47.2 25 Jan 2019 17.4 +1.7 8.7 14 Feb 2019 50.2 83.9 low 60%
Kapooka (Defence) 34.6   45.5 17 Jan 2019 18.6   6.7 14 Feb 2019 75.4
Tocumwal Airport 33.6 +2.6 46.5 25 Jan 2019 17.3 +1.9 8.7 13 Feb 2019 83.5 96.7 average 86%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 35.4 +3.2 46.4 16 Jan 2019 19.8 +3.1 9.2 3 Dec 2018 48.0 91.4 low 53%
Hay Airport AWS 35.5 +2.1 47.7 25 Jan 2019 18.9 +1.8 8.0 13 Feb 2019 45.0 102.5 v low 44%
Hillston Airport 36.1 +3.5 47.0 16 Jan 2019 20.8 +3.0 9.1 14 Feb 2019 45.0 88.9 average 51%
Lake Cargelligo Airport 36.0 +2.6 47.7 17 Jan 2019 21.5 +3.6 10.6 14 Dec 2018 50.4 112.0 low 45%
Note: From 2017, information about Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 10 am on Friday 1 March 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

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