New South Wales in summer 2015-16: A stormy summer with a dry finish

New South Wales experienced a variable summer during 2015-16, with a wet stormy January and a very dry February. Both daytime and night-time temperatures were above average, with several heatwaves as well as a cool early January.

  • Wet January breaks records along the coast
  • Driest February since 1978
  • Above average temperatures, particularly in the southwest

The statewide average rainfall during summer 2015-16 in New South Wales was 15% below the historical average, with close to average rainfall across most of the State. Rainfall was well above average during January, particularly along the coast, with several stations recording their wettest January on record. An East Coast Low produced heavy rain and flooding in coastal areas between the 4th and 7th, breaking January rainfall records at several locations as well as some summer records. This contributed to parts of the Hunter Valley and Central Coast recording their wettest summer since at least 1989-90. Several periods of severe thunderstorms also caused locally heavy rain and strong winds during both December and January. In contrast, rainfall was very low across the State during February, which was the driest for New South Wales since 1978.

Both daytime and night-time temperatures were well above average during summer for the State as a whole, with the mean maximum temperature 1.4 °C above average and mean minimum 1.2 °C above average. Temperatures were warmest in western and southern New South Wales, with closer to average temperatures in the northeast.

There were several heatwaves during the summer, notably over 18-20 December, 10-13 and 18-20 January, and 23-26 February, although only Narrandera recorded temperatures higher than the records set in recent summers. There were also some cool periods, with several stations breaking January daily maximum temperature records during the East Coast Low in early January.

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Extremes in summer 2015-16
Hottest day 46.0 °C at Hay Airport AWS on 13 Jan 2016
Warmest days on average 37.2 °C at Wanaaring Post Office
Coolest days on average 15.9 °C at Thredbo AWS
Coldest day 6.7 °C at Thredbo AWS on 31 Jan 2016
Coldest night -3.8 °C at Perisher Valley AWS on 28 Dec 2015
Coolest nights on average 6.3 °C at Perisher Valley AWS
Warmest nights on average 23.0 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Warmest night 32.2 °C at White Cliffs AWS on 20 Dec 2015
Warmest on average overall 29.8 °C at Tibooburra Airport
Coolest on average overall 11.3 °C at Thredbo AWS
Wettest overall 1038.6 mm at Yarras (Mount Seaview)
Driest overall 21.2 mm at Marra Creek (Womboin)
Wettest day 255.0 mm at Bungwahl on 6 Jan 2016
Strongest wind gust 213 km/h at Kurnell AWS on 16 Dec 2015

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Clarence Town (Prince St) 244.0 on 6 Jan 2016 195.4 on 15 Feb 2009 122
Nimmitabel (Cottesloe) 118.2 on 4 Jan 2016 112.8 on 7 Dec 2014 45
Upper Chichester (Simmonds) 220.0 on 6 Jan 2016 168.0 on 11 Dec 2002 36
Lightning Ridge Visitors Information Centre 67.0 on 27 Dec 2015 60.6 on 14 Feb 2009 20
Maitland Visitors Centre 167.8 on 6 Jan 2016 136.0 on 15 Feb 2009 20

Record highest summer total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Dungog - Main Creek (Yeranda) 801.8 737.4 in 1989 47 410.8

Highest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Branxton (Dalwood Vineyard) 553.1 638.8 in 1970* 260.2
Clarence Town (Prince St) 622.6 631.6 in 1989 317.5
Williamtown RAAF 576.0 705.8 in 1989 301.3
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 534.6 701.8 in 1989* 277.8
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 552.6 621.0 in 1989* 309.7
Paterson Post Office 573.8 645.2 in 1989* 319.7
Cessnock Airport AWS 484.2 560.5 in 1970* 261.0
Swansea (Catherine St) 542.8 847.5 in 1989* 345.4
Frenchs Forest (Frenchs Forest Rd) 530.0 826.2 in 1991* 387.8

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.


Lowest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 65.3 52.5 in 1984 155.1
Oberon (Jenolan Caves Road) 110.0 95.5 in 1990* 221.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.


Record highest summer temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Narrandera Airport AWS 45.4 on 13 Jan 2016 = 45.4 on 7 Feb 2009 21 31.9

Highest summer mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Montague Island Lighthouse 23.7 24.1 in 1977* 22.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.


Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Montague Island Lighthouse 18.4 = 18.4 in 2000 42 17.1

Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Montague Island Lighthouse 21.0 = 21.0 in 2000 42 19.9

Summary statistics for summer 2015-16
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2015-16
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2015-16
Mean for
summer
2015-16
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2015-16
Total for
summer
2015-16
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2015-16
Fraction of
summer
average
Western (Far Northwest) (district 46)
Fowlers Gap AWS 35.4 +0.6 43.2 12 Jan 2016 21.3 +0.8 12.1 3 Dec 2015 76.0 94.6 average 80%
Tibooburra Airport 36.7 +0.6 43.1 6 Dec 2015 23.0 +0.4 15.3 2 Dec 2015 88.2 64.6 high 137%
White Cliffs AWS 36.3 +0.9 44.1 12 Jan 2016 22.8 +1.0 14.1 2 Dec 2015 46.4 93.0 average 50%
Wilcannia Aerodrome AWS 36.4 +0.8 45.3 12 Jan 2016 20.3 +0.6 9.3 3 Dec 2015 40.0 76.4 average 52%
Western (Lower Darling) (district 47)
Broken Hill Airport AWS 34.2 +1.9 42.6 12 Jan 2016 19.7 +1.5 9.6 2 Dec 2015 40.4 72.5 average 56%
Lake Victoria Storage 33.7 +2.3 42.9 13 Jan 2016 17.6 +1.4 7.6 2 Dec 2015 67.3 59.7 average 113%
Menindee Post Office 35.8 +2.1 45.6 7 Dec 2015 20.2 +2.3 11.0 2 Dec 2015 38.7 67.2 average 58%
Pooncarie Mail Agency 35.6 +1.1 45.0 19 Jan 2016 19.1 +1.2 10.1 2 Dec 2015 39.6 68.1 average 58%
Western (Upper Darling) (district 48)
Bourke Airport AWS 36.8 +0.8 43.9 11 Jan 2016 21.6 +0.1 14.8 13 Dec 2015 76.2 103.3 average 74%
Cobar Airport AWS 34.9 +0.9 43.7 13 Jan 2016 20.1 +0.6 8.7 3 Dec 2015 81.6 98.2 average 83%
Cobar MO 34.7 +1.4 42.5 13 Jan 2016 20.8 +1.0 11.3 3 Dec 2015 46.2 124.7 low 37%
Collarenebri (Albert St) 34.7 -0.2 42.0 26 Feb 2016     13.3 13 Dec 2015 197.3 177.9 average 111%
Lightning Ridge Visitors Information Cen 35.2 +0.3 42.5 26 Feb 2016 21.4 +0.1 15.0 17 Jan 2016 186.3 153.7 high 121%
Wanaaring Post Office 37.2 +1.5 44.1 12 Jan 2016 22.2 +1.3 14.8 31 Jan 2016 28.7 99.2 low 29%
Western (Southwest Plains) (district 49)
Ivanhoe Aerodrome AWS 34.9 +0.6 45.7 13 Jan 2016 20.4 +1.0 11.7 2 Dec 2015 47.4 51.5 average 92%
Central Western Plains (South) (district 50)
Condobolin Ag Research Stn 33.3 +0.5 43.1 13 Jan 2016     7.8 13 Dec 2015 109.4 132.9 average 82%
Condobolin Airport AWS 33.9 +1.0 44.2 13 Jan 2016 18.5 +0.7 8.5 3 Dec 2015 99.8 116.5 average 86%
Peak Hill Post Office 33.6 +1.3 43.5 13 Jan 2016 19.0 +0.4 11.4 17 Feb 2016 175.6 161.1 average 109%
West Wyalong Airport AWS 33.0 +0.6 43.7 13 Jan 2016 17.4 +0.3 9.4 3 Dec 2015 94.6 125.8 average 75%
Central Western Plains (North) (district 51)
Coonamble Airport AWS 34.2 +0.4 41.9 13 Jan 2016 19.1 0.0 13.0 13 Dec 2015 151.6 170.1 average 89%
Nyngan Airport     43.0 13 Jan 2016 19.8 +0.9 13.0 3 Dec 2015 114.1 142.0 average 80%
Trangie Research Station AWS 33.9 +1.4 43.5 13 Jan 2016 18.1 +0.3 10.9 3 Dec 2015 144.6 146.3 average 99%
Northwest Plains (West) (district 52)
Mungindi Post Office 35.9 +1.3 42.9 26 Feb 2016 20.9 +1.0 14.1 18 Feb 2016 188.2 186.5 average 101%
Walgett Airport AWS 34.9 +0.3 42.4 13 Jan 2016 19.9 +0.3 10.8 13 Dec 2015 183.6 165.0 average 111%
Northwest Plains (East) (district 53)
Moree Aero 34.2 +1.2 41.8 26 Feb 2016 20.0 +0.7 13.4 3 Dec 2015 150.2 228.0 low 66%
Northwest Slopes (North) (district 54)
Barraba Post Office 32.8 +1.7 40.0 26 Feb 2016 15.2 -0.5 9.5 4 Dec 2015 191.1 242.2 average 79%
Narrabri Airport AWS 33.9 +0.5 42.4 26 Feb 2016 18.8 -0.4 12.2 18 Feb 2016 176.0 204.3 average 86%
Northwest Slopes (South) (district 55)
Gunnedah Airport AWS 33.6 +0.7 42.3 26 Feb 2016 17.2 -0.3 9.3 30 Dec 2015 143.6 202.9 average 71%
Gunnedah Resource Centre 32.8 +1.4 40.7 26 Feb 2016 18.8 +0.4 12.4 4 Dec 2015 146.2 228.5 low 64%
Quirindi Post Office 32.3 +0.7 41.4 13 Jan 2016 16.3 +0.5 8.0 4 Dec 2015 196.0 226.4 average 87%
Tamworth Airport AWS 32.4 +1.0 40.6 26 Feb 2016 16.3 -0.3 9.7 4 Dec 2015 200.0 215.1 average 93%
Woolbrook (Danglemah Road) 27.0 +0.2 36.5 26 Feb 2016 11.6 -0.4 5.2 30 Dec 2015 289.8 276.9 average 105%
Northern Tablelands (West) (district 56)
Armidale (Tree Group Nursery) 26.3 +0.5 34.6 26 Feb 2016 12.1 -0.1 5.7 8 Jan 2016 249.4 275.8 low 90%
Armidale Airport AWS 25.5 +0.4 34.1 26 Feb 2016 13.0 +0.3 7.3 8 Jan 2016 258.6 278.2 average 93%
Glen Innes Ag Research Stn 25.4 +0.5 34.5 26 Feb 2016 12.6 -0.4 7.5 4 Dec 2015 304.8 309.3 average 99%
Glen Innes Airport AWS 25.6 0.0 34.2 26 Feb 2016 12.1 -0.2 7.4 30 Dec 2015 374.2 299.2 high 125%
Guyra Hospital 23.5 +0.3 31.0 26 Feb 2016 11.7 +0.1 4.6 6 Dec 2015 287.6 335.0 average 86%
Inverell (Raglan St) 30.4 +0.7 39.1 26 Feb 2016 14.4 -0.2 9.0 4 Dec 2015 260.5 294.7 average 88%
Inverell Research Centre 29.7 +0.9 38.8 26 Feb 2016 15.9 0.0 10.0 4 Dec 2015 246.6 295.4 average 83%
Tenterfield (Federation Park) 26.1 -0.5 34.2 26 Feb 2016 13.5 -0.4 7.6 4 Dec 2015 173.6 313.2 v low 55%
Northern Tablelands (East) (district 57)
Tabulam (Muirne) 26.7 +0.1 35.1 16 Feb 2016 16.0 -0.7 11.3 6 Dec 2015 341.2 518.9 low 66%
Upper North Coast (district 58)
Ballina Airport AWS 27.8 -0.1 34.9 1 Feb 2016 19.6 +0.5 14.5 7 Dec 2015 439.0 516.9 average 85%
Byron Bay (Cape Byron AWS) 26.7 -0.5 31.5 13 Jan 2016 20.5 -0.2 16.1 4 Dec 2015 322.0 470.2 low 68%
Casino Airport AWS 30.6 +0.9 38.1 16 Feb 2016 17.9 -0.7 13.4 7 Dec 2015 234.0 400.8 low 58%
Evans Head RAAF Bombing Range AWS 28.9 +1.0 38.0 11 Dec 2015 19.4 0.0 15.4 4 Dec 2015 248.6 411.1 low 60%
Grafton Airport AWS 30.0   37.7 16 Feb 2016 17.9   12.7 7 Dec 2015 206.0 386.3 low 53%
Grafton Research Stn 30.6 +0.7 39.5 16 Feb 2016 18.6 +0.1 14.3 4 Dec 2015 171.2 357.9 v low 48%
Lismore Airport AWS 29.4 -0.1 36.0 16 Feb 2016 17.7 -0.5 13.1 2 Jan 2016 267.0 415.2 low 64%
Murwillumbah (Bray Park) 29.1 0.0 36.2 2 Feb 2016 19.4 +0.1 13.8 6 Dec 2015 343.4 602.2 low 57%
Yamba Pilot Station 27.4 +0.9 33.9 31 Jan 2016 20.3 +0.4 16.4 4 Dec 2015 268.0 415.3 low 65%
Lower North Coast (district 59)
Coffs Harbour Airport 27.6   34.9 31 Jan 2016 19.2   14.3 7 Dec 2015 299.1
Dorrigo (Old Coramba Rd)     32.0 22 Jan 2016 14.5 -0.1 8.6 6 Dec 2015 482.3 755.8 low 64%
Kempsey Airport AWS 28.5 -0.1 37.8 11 Dec 2015 17.0 -0.3 11.9 6 Dec 2015 347.0 407.0 average 85%
South West Rocks (Smoky Cape Lighthouse) 27.7 +1.1 32.8 11 Dec 2015 19.9 +0.7 14.9 29 Dec 2015 378.2 440.0 average 86%
Manning (district 60)
Forster - Tuncurry Marine Rescue 26.4 +0.3 37.4 11 Dec 2015 18.4 -0.6 12.0 29 Dec 2015 494.1 323.8 v high 153%
Port Macquarie Airport AWS 27.4 +0.2 37.2 11 Dec 2015 18.1 +0.3 11.7 6 Dec 2015 606.0 443.4 high 137%
Taree Airport AWS 27.9 -0.3 37.7 11 Dec 2015 17.7 0.0 11.7 6 Dec 2015 474.8 319.4 high 149%
Yarras (Mount Seaview) 28.4 -0.1 37.1 14 Jan 2016 17.6 +0.6 11.4 4 Dec 2015 1038.6 682.8 high 152%
Hunter (district 61)
Cessnock Airport AWS 29.3 0.0 39.5 25 Feb 2016 16.3 +0.1 8.6 4 Dec 2015 484.2 261.0 v high 186%
Cooranbong (Lake Macquarie AWS) 28.1   39.5 14 Jan 2016 16.5   9.6 4 Dec 2015 509.8
Gosford AWS 27.3   39.9 14 Jan 2016 17.8   11.4 4 Dec 2015 451.4
Maitland Visitors Centre 29.9 +0.5 40.0 25 Feb 2016 18.0 +0.5 11.5 4 Dec 2015 575.1 237.9 v high 242%
Mangrove Mountain AWS 27.4 +0.9 39.1 25 Feb 2016 16.2 -0.1 9.9 3 Dec 2015 469.8 344.7 high 136%
Merriwa (Roscommon)     38.7 14 Jan 2016 14.6   7.9 30 Dec 2015 224.0 209.3 average 107%
Murrurundi Gap AWS 26.7 -0.3 34.5 14 Jan 2016 15.3 -0.2 8.8 4 Dec 2015 237.6 239.1 average 99%
Murrurundi Post Office 29.3 -0.7 37.3 14 Jan 2016 14.3 -0.3 6.1 30 Dec 2015 219.6 257.5 average 85%
Nelson Bay (Nelson Head) 26.8 0.0 34.6 11 Dec 2015 19.8 +1.4 15.9 15 Jan 2016 339.0 307.3 average 110%
Newcastle Nobbys Signal Station AWS 25.8 +0.5 38.3 14 Jan 2016 19.8 +0.9 15.3 15 Jan 2016 534.6 277.8 v high 192%
Norah Head AWS 26.5 +1.0 37.5 14 Jan 2016 19.5 +0.2 14.8 16 Jan 2016 364.6 261.1 high 140%
Paterson (Tocal AWS) 29.2 0.0 40.0 25 Feb 2016 17.0 -0.1 10.0 5 Dec 2015 552.6 309.7 v high 178%
Scone Airport AWS 30.9 +0.4 39.4 14 Jan 2016 15.7 -0.5 7.7 4 Dec 2015 242.4 203.2 average 119%
Singleton STP 30.1 -0.5 40.0 25 Feb 2016 16.7 -0.3 7.9 4 Dec 2015 336.3 232.3 high 145%
Williamtown RAAF 28.4 +0.8 40.1 14 Jan 2016 17.8 +0.3 10.7 5 Dec 2015 576.0 301.3 v high 191%
Central Tablelands (North) (district 62)
Gulgong Post Office 30.5 +0.4 38.6 13 Jan 2016 16.2 +0.2 10.5 28 Dec 2015 209.8 199.8 average 105%
Mudgee Airport AWS 29.9 +0.5 37.8 14 Jan 2016 15.1 +0.1 9.0 5 Dec 2015 277.2 223.4 average 124%
Nullo Mountain AWS 23.0 +0.1 30.9 26 Feb 2016 13.1 +0.3 5.9 16 Jan 2016 338.8 294.0 average 115%
Central Tablelands (South) (district 63)
Bathurst Agricultural Station 28.8 +1.6 38.4 13 Jan 2016 13.1 +0.3 6.8 17 Feb 2016 169.2 192.9 average 88%
Bathurst Airport AWS 28.4 +1.0 37.2 13 Jan 2016 13.2 +0.4 7.3 5 Dec 2015 155.0 195.8 low 79%
Katoomba (Murri St) 24.0 +1.3 33.4 25 Feb 2016 13.9 +1.4 7.0 15 Jan 2016 413.4 457.8 average 90%
Lithgow (Cooerwull) 25.2   33.8 13 Jan 2016 12.1   4.2 5 Dec 2015 270.4 240.4 average 112%
Mount Boyce AWS 23.9 +1.0 32.3 25 Feb 2016 13.2 +0.6 5.9 15 Jan 2016 354.6 329.1 average 108%
Oberon (Springbank) 24.7 +0.8 34.4 13 Jan 2016 11.0 +0.6 3.7 12 Dec 2015 177.2 215.5 average 82%
Orange Airport AWS 26.5 +0.8 34.4 13 Jan 2016 11.5 -0.4 3.5 17 Feb 2016 173.2 237.6 low 73%
Springwood (Valley Heights) 27.4   39.5 25 Feb 2016 16.4   11.0 4 Dec 2015 442.2 368.0 average 120%
Central Western Slopes (North) (district 64)
Coonabarabran Airport AWS 30.0 +0.3 37.0 13 Jan 2016 17.0 +0.1 9.8 29 Dec 2015 163.6 253.4 low 65%
Dunedoo Post Office 31.9 +0.7 41.7 13 Jan 2016 16.9 +0.5 11.3 2 Feb 2016 206.1 197.8 average 104%
Central Western Slopes (South) (district 65)
Cowra Airport AWS 32.4 +0.7 42.0 13 Jan 2016 15.5 -0.2 8.0 3 Dec 2015 112.4 165.2 average 68%
Dubbo Airport AWS 32.6 +0.6 42.0 13 Jan 2016 16.9 -0.3 9.7 17 Feb 2016 185.6 159.8 average 116%
Forbes Airport AWS 33.1 +0.3 43.0 13 Jan 2016 17.0 +0.1 8.0 13 Dec 2015 119.0 133.7 average 89%
Parkes Airport AWS 33.0 +1.0 42.7 13 Jan 2016 16.3 -0.1 5.8 3 Dec 2015 127.4 184.3 average 69%
Wellington (D&J Rural) 32.3 +0.1 40.5 13 Jan 2016 16.5 +0.2 10.5 17 Feb 2016 214.1 167.8 high 128%
Metropolitan (East) (district 66)
Bankstown Airport AWS 29.1 +1.3 40.7 25 Feb 2016 17.8 +0.2 11.8 4 Dec 2015 312.2 266.2 average 117%
Canterbury Racecourse AWS 27.4 +0.3 39.3 14 Jan 2016 17.5 -0.3 11.1 5 Dec 2015
Holsworthy Aerodrome AWS 28.5   40.6 14 Jan 2016 17.0   10.1 4 Dec 2015 340.8
Parramatta North (Masons Drive) 28.4 +0.5 40.0 25 Feb 2016 17.5 +0.4 11.0 4 Dec 2015 392.8 305.3 high 129%
Sydney (Observatory Hill) 27.2 +1.6 39.2 14 Jan 2016 19.5 +1.1 14.3 15 Jan 2016 372.2 297.2 high 125%
Sydney Airport AMO 27.8 +1.6 40.6 14 Jan 2016 19.6 +1.1 14.3 15 Jan 2016 368.0 280.9 high 131%
Sydney Harbour (Wedding Cake West) 24.3 +0.1 33.9 11 Dec 2015 19.9 +0.1 14.8 16 Jan 2016
Sydney Olympic Park AWS (Archery Centre) 28.4   40.3 25 Feb 2016 18.2   12.1 4 Dec 2015 429.0
Terrey Hills AWS 26.5 +0.7 38.9 14 Jan 2016 17.8 +0.2 12.0 30 Dec 2015 136.2 306.3 v low 44%
Metropolitan (West) (district 67)
Badgerys Creek AWS 29.6 +0.8 41.8 20 Dec 2015 16.5 0.0 10.4 4 Dec 2015 168.2 244.9 low 69%
Horsley Park Equestrian Centre AWS 28.8 0.0 40.0 20 Dec 2015 17.0 -0.2 11.0 4 Dec 2015 342.0 252.8 high 135%
Penrith Lakes AWS 29.8 0.0 42.2 25 Feb 2016 18.2 +0.3 12.4 4 Dec 2015 418.8 284.6 high 147%
Prospect Reservoir 29.1 +1.1 41.0 25 Feb 2016 17.4 +0.1 11.2 4 Dec 2015 399.5 266.8 high 150%
Richmond RAAF 29.6 +0.4 40.0 14 Jan 2016 17.0 -0.1 9.9 5 Dec 2015 359.4 287.5 high 125%
Illawarra (district 68)
Albion Park (Wollongong Airport) 26.7 +0.7 38.6 20 Jan 2016 16.6 +0.3 9.3 30 Dec 2015 260.6 282.1 average 92%
Bellambi AWS 24.9 +0.4 36.5 20 Jan 2016 18.8 +0.3 13.2 15 Jan 2016 327.4 294.1 average 111%
Camden Airport AWS 29.4 +0.6 40.9 20 Dec 2015 16.1 -0.2 8.9 4 Dec 2015 330.6 241.7 high 137%
Campbelltown (Mount Annan) 29.1   40.1 20 Dec 2015 16.1   9.8 5 Dec 2015 292.0
High Range AWS (Wanganderry) 24.9   35.3 20 Dec 2015 13.6   7.4 28 Dec 2015 269.8
Jervis Bay (Point Perpendicular) 24.8 +0.7 35.6 20 Jan 2016 18.4 +0.5 13.6 30 Dec 2015 373.2 310.1 average 120%
Kiama (Bombo Headland) 24.7 +0.5 35.7 20 Jan 2016 18.5 +0.3 13.8 30 Dec 2015 255.8
Moss Vale AWS 25.0 +0.5 35.9 25 Feb 2016 13.1 -0.1 4.4 4 Dec 2015 209.2 226.9 average 92%
Nowra RAN Air Station AWS 27.1 +0.7 41.0 25 Feb 2016 16.3 +0.4 10.6 5 Dec 2015
South Coast (district 69)
Bega AWS 27.0 +0.9 38.6 19 Dec 2015     6.6 28 Dec 2015
Braidwood Racecourse AWS 26.2 +0.7 37.4 13 Jan 2016 11.9 +0.3 3.2 28 Dec 2015 194.0 189.9 average 102%
Green Cape AWS 24.3 +1.2 28.7 21 Jan 2016 17.3 +0.5 10.5 2 Dec 2015 170.2 165.5 average 103%
Merimbula Airport AWS 24.9 +0.8 34.7 19 Dec 2015 15.5 +0.9 7.4 3 Dec 2015 305.2 211.5 high 144%
Montague Island Lighthouse 23.7 +1.0 28.9 21 Jan 2016 18.4 +1.3 12.2 2 Dec 2015 213.6 219.8 average 97%
Moruya Airport AWS 25.3 +0.8 42.0 25 Feb 2016 15.7 +0.5 7.6 28 Dec 2015 331.2 235.6 high 141%
Moruya Heads Pilot Station 24.1 +0.6 40.0 25 Feb 2016 16.7 +1.0 9.7 28 Dec 2015 292.1 264.3 average 111%
Narooma (Marine Rescue) 23.8 +0.8 29.0 1 Dec 2015 16.8 +0.6 10.6 3 Dec 2015 282.7 256.0 average 110%
Nerriga AWS 26.7   37.3 20 Dec 2015 12.7   5.2 4 Dec 2015 212.2
Ulladulla AWS 24.2 +0.5 35.1 20 Jan 2016 17.5 +0.6 12.3 5 Dec 2015 349.8 269.2 high 130%
Southern Tablelands (Goulburn-Monaro) (district 70)
Bombala (Therry Street) 25.7 +0.9 36.2 20 Dec 2015 11.2 +1.2 1.6 29 Dec 2015 181.8 187.3 average 97%
Canberra Airport 29.0   39.3 13 Jan 2016 12.9   3.8 12 Dec 2015 163.8
Cooma Airport AWS 25.2 +0.1 34.0 13 Jan 2016 9.7 -0.2 -0.8 3 Dec 2015 167.8 158.0 average 106%
Cooma Visitors Centre 26.6 +0.4 35.5 13 Jan 2016 10.3 +0.2 1.4 3 Dec 2015 182.9 176.6 average 104%
Goulburn Airport AWS 27.8 +1.3 38.1 13 Jan 2016 11.8 -0.2 2.5 3 Dec 2015 155.0 159.6 average 97%
Goulburn TAFE 28.0 +1.4 38.5 13 Jan 2016 13.7 +0.7 6.2 3 Dec 2015 134.0 186.2 low 72%
Mount Ginini AWS 19.3 +0.3 28.3 13 Jan 2016 9.1 +0.5 -0.5 15 Jan 2016 232.6 281.0 average 83%
Taralga Post Office 26.8 +1.7 37.0 13 Jan 2016 11.8 +0.5 4.0 12 Dec 2015 142.0 208.4 low 68%
Tuggeranong (Isabella Plains) AWS 28.5 +0.4 38.7 13 Jan 2016 13.6 +0.1 6.0 3 Dec 2015 170.6 200.7 average 85%
Southern Tablelands (Snowy Mountains) (district 71)
Perisher Valley AWS 18.4   27.6 13 Jan 2016 6.3   -3.8 28 Dec 2015 479.8
Thredbo AWS 15.9 +0.4 24.6 13 Jan 2016 6.6 +0.4 -3.1 2 Dec 2015 398.0 311.2 high 128%
Thredbo Village 21.5 +1.0 30.9 13 Jan 2016 7.4 +0.8 -2.0 7 Jan 2016 377.0 317.8 high 119%
Southwest Slopes (South) (district 72)
Albury Airport AWS 31.8 +1.0 43.0 13 Jan 2016 16.4 +0.9 8.9 12 Dec 2015 132.0 126.7 average 104%
Cabramurra SMHEA AWS 20.5 +0.3 29.8 13 Jan 2016 11.0 +0.5 1.1 15 Jan 2016 227.0 223.3 average 102%
Hume Reservoir 31.0 +1.0 42.0 13 Jan 2016 17.5 +1.6 7.9 12 Dec 2015 149.0 139.2 average 107%
Khancoban AWS 30.6 +0.5 41.8 13 Jan 2016 13.1 +0.4 5.3 12 Dec 2015 222.8 193.1 high 115%
Tumbarumba Post Office 29.0 +1.2 39.0 13 Jan 2016 12.4 +1.1 3.0 12 Dec 2015 176.6 188.2 average 94%
Wagga Wagga AMO 31.7 +1.0 43.2 13 Jan 2016 16.6 +1.1 8.0 12 Dec 2015 109.0 127.6 average 85%
Southwest Slopes (North) (district 73)
Cootamundra Airport 31.2 +0.7 43.0 25 Feb 2016 15.3 +0.5 6.1 17 Feb 2016 107.0 151.6 average 71%
Grenfell (Manganese Rd) 31.8 +0.9 41.4 13 Jan 2016 15.4 -0.3 5.3 3 Dec 2015 65.3 155.1 low 42%
Gundagai (Nangus Rd) 31.9 +0.8 41.0 13 Jan 2016     10.4 3 Dec 2015 172.5 150.0 average 115%
Temora Airport 32.4 +0.5 43.6 13 Jan 2016 15.8 -0.2 5.7 13 Dec 2015 95.0 133.2 average 71%
Young Airport 31.3 +0.9 41.0 13 Jan 2016 14.0 +0.3 4.1 12 Dec 2015 149.0 150.3 average 99%
Riverina (East) (district 74)
Corowa Airport 32.1 +1.0 43.9 13 Jan 2016 15.8 +0.7 7.9 3 Dec 2015 93.8 115.3 average 81%
Deniliquin Airport AWS 32.8 +1.0 45.1 13 Jan 2016 16.7 +1.1 5.9 12 Dec 2015 55.0 87.2 low 63%
Narrandera Airport AWS 32.9 +1.0 45.4 13 Jan 2016 17.4 +0.9 7.9 13 Dec 2015 87.0 107.9 average 81%
Tocumwal Airport 31.9 +1.0 45.2 13 Jan 2016 16.0 +0.6 7.4 13 Dec 2015 119.7 96.8 average 124%
Yanco Agricultural Institute 32.7 +0.3 44.6 13 Jan 2016 18.4 +0.6 9.8 3 Dec 2015 101.6 93.7 average 108%
Riverina (West) (district 75)
Griffith Airport AWS 33.1 +1.0 45.2 13 Jan 2016 18.0 +1.4 9.5 3 Dec 2015 116.2 92.1 average 126%
Hay Airport AWS 33.7   46.0 13 Jan 2016 17.6   8.3 13 Dec 2015 62.4
Hillston Airport 33.9 +1.3 44.3 13 Jan 2016 18.1 +0.4 8.5 13 Dec 2015 96.7 89.5 average 108%
Lake Cargelligo Airport     43.6 13 Jan 2016 18.3 +0.4 10.5 13 Dec 2015 128.6 113.0 average 114%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Lord Howe Island Aero 24.8 -0.2 28.3 31 Jan 2016 20.3 +0.1 15.4 7 Dec 2015 417.0 331.6 high 126%
Norfolk Island Aero 25.0 +0.7 27.9 1 Feb 2016 20.2 +1.3 16.4 11 Dec 2015 503.4 271.6 v high 185%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary lists the main features of the weather in New South Wales using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Tuesday 1 March 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

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