South Australia in spring 2022: very wet with cool days

Rainfall for spring was very much above average across most of South Australia, with each of September, October, and November wetter than average for the state as a whole. Overall, it was the state's fifth-wettest spring on record since 1900 and the wettest since 2010. Mean maximum temperatures were very much below average across most of South Australia and overall, it was state's coolest spring days since 2010. Mean minimum temperatures were generally close to average, though nights were cooler than average across some central and eastern areas of the state and warmer than average in the far north and south.

Fifth-wettest spring on record

Coolest spring since 2010

Further information

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Extremes in spring 2022
Hottest day 41.1 °C at Moomba Airport on 19 Nov
Warmest days on average 28.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 14.4 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 7.7 °C at Mount Lofty on 2 Sep
Coldest night -1.9 °C at Roseworthy AWS on 3 Sep
Coolest nights on average 7.3 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 15.3 °C at Moomba Airport
Warmest night 25.7 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 19 Nov
Warmest on average overall 21.9 °C at Moomba Airport and Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest on average overall 11.0 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 476.4 mm at Ashton
Wettest day 95.6 mm at Renmark Aero on 24 Oct
Strongest wind gust 139 km/h at Oodnadatta Airport on 30 Oct

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest spring daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Kapunda 82.0 on 24 Oct 69.0 on 31 Oct 1997 139
Milang 71.2 on 13 Nov 66.3 on 18 Nov 1964 139
Lyrup 95.0 on 24 Oct 65.0 on 19 Sep 1913 122
Robertstown 60.0 on 23 Oct 56.0 on 28 Nov 1977 120
Bower 75.3 on 23 Oct 66.5 on 17 Nov 1961 119
Marree (Witchelina Station) 72.0 on 19 Oct 69.3 on 20 Oct 1924 116
Booborowie 78.4 on 14 Nov 70.8 on 27 Sep 1979 96
Kokatha 83.8 on 18 Oct 53.3 on 11 Sep 1935 91
Tarcoola (Commonwealth Hill) 52.0 on 18 Oct 46.8 on 8 Oct 1992 80
Parachilna (Nilpena) 63.0 on 19 Oct 58.4 on 13 Nov 2000 46
Mantung 76.0 on 24 Oct 63.2 on 12 Nov 1998 45
Loxton Research Centre 52.2 on 13 Nov 51.8 on 4 Sep 2010 39
Sellicks Beach 42.6 on 13 Nov 42.0 on 31 Oct 1997 31
Renmark Aero 95.6 on 24 Oct 57.0 on 22 Oct 1995 28
Wudinna Aero 47.6 on 19 Nov 36.2 on 23 Nov 2017 24
Port Augusta Aero 39.6 on 8 Sep 33.4 on 22 Nov 2009 22
Sevenhill 53.0 on 1 Nov 50.0 on 30 Sep 2016 22
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 60.0 on 13 Nov 56.2 on 3 Nov 2007 22
Rhynie 43.2 on 23 Oct 41.8 on 13 Sep 2013 21
Shea-Oak Log (Greenock Creek) 39.0 on 13 Nov =39.0 on 4 Sep 2010 21



Record highest spring total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Brinkworth (Bungaree) 359.2 347.0 in 1979 163 149.4
Kapunda 335.1 258.6 in 2016 162 132.6
Auburn 318.4 317.6 in 1992 156 156.4
Georgetown 314.2 303.0 in 1992 145 130.4
Riverton 340.4 336.2 in 1992 145 141.6
Farrell Flat 348.4 288.0 in 1894 144 125.4
Yacka 301.8 274.6 in 1979 142 108.9
Balaklava 259.8 202.6 in 1979 140 99.6
Milang 245.2 215.6 in 2016 140 99.9
Koolunga 290.8 268.6 in 1992 139 103.8
Murray Bridge 215.1 213.6 in 1974 137 95.9
Sedan (Sandleton) 247.8 182.4 in 1992 135 71.2
Sedan 265.1 198.2 in 1992 133 81.9
Koonamore 225.0 190.3 in 1892 132 55.1
Australia Plains 259.0 214.0 in 1979 129 83.1
Manoora 406.6 312.0 in 1979 127 134.9
Lyrup 348.0 219.1 in 1903 123 71.1
Brinkworth 266.0 244.4 in 1992 118 106.7
Marree (Witchelina Station) 150.1 129.3 in 1924 118 33.1
Bower 293.2 180.8 in 1992 117 72.4
Gulnare 364.1 322.4 in 1992 117 129.2
Mintaro 360.8 336.8 in 1979 117 160.5
Pinnaroo 262.0 219.7 in 1916 116 96.4
Robertstown 303.6 220.2 in 1979 116 96.3
Yunta (Panaramitee) 217.2 193.5 in 1920 115 62.0
Parrakie 274.2 234.2 in 1992 114 104.0
Peake 225.8 218.7 in 1992 112 103.3
Karoonda 225.7 216.0 in 1992 109 91.6
Alawoona 281.6 205.8 in 1979 101 79.8
Paruna 292.8 231.7 in 1973 98 81.6
Booborowie 338.8 326.1 in 1992 97 123.1
Woomera Aerodrome 159.8 138.4 in 1977 74 48.1
Manoora (Cooinda) 309.0 284.6 in 1979 65 130.9
Hilltown 364.4 302.0 in 1979 62 126.3
Tarcoola (Mobella) 179.6 172.9 in 1964 61 47.5
Andamooka 158.0 129.6 in 1992 58 45.6
Berri 299.2 189.7 in 1973 58 80.0
Stockport (Clifton) 297.8 281.6 in 1992 58 129.7
Braemar 208.8 191.0 in 1992 57 79.0
Burra Community School 358.0 276.6 in 1979 57 115.9
Blanchetown Lock 1 245.8 182.9 in 1973 55 86.7
Sturt Vale 240.6 173.2 in 1992 55 67.1
Bowillia 246.0 208.8 in 1997 52 100.0
Caliph 189.2 187.2 in 1992 47 83.5
Burra (Leighton) 337.0 287.8 in 1992 46 127.6
Loxton Research Centre 327.2 154.9 in 1992 36 80.6
Coffin Bay 188.4 178.8 in 2010 32 92.6
Morgan (Brenda Park Station) 245.6 181.5 in 1992 31 80.6
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 186.4 182.6 in 2016 29 109.0
Clare High School 344.0 265.2 in 2016 29 145.5
Mount Crawford AWS 359.0 309.0 in 2001 29 159.1
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 237.0 174.6 in 2020 29 91.6
Coober Pedy Airport 104.8 74.0 in 2021 28 38.3
McLaren Vale (Pirramimma Winery) 238.4 234.8 in 2005 28 119.9
Renmark Aero 322.4 153.2 in 2016 28 78.4
Minnipa PIRSA 180.0 132.0 in 2021 27 72.4
Nangwarry Forestry SA Depot 304.1 259.8 in 2016 27 165.1
Strathalbyn Racecourse 222.8 222.2 in 2016 27 111.7
Marree (Callanna) 127.2 118.4 in 2021 25 42.5
Nuriootpa PIRSA 301.9 259.8 in 2005 25 132.9
Tarcoola Aero 108.4 104.6 in 2001 25 49.1
Yunta Airstrip 219.0 129.4 in 2010 25 70.0
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 237.8 163.7 in 2010 24 82.4
Roseworthy AWS 263.6 218.4 in 2005 24 108.0
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 151.4 77.2 in 2005 24 41.4
Wudinna Aero 195.0 137.0 in 2005 24 69.2
Halbury Road Salisbury (Halbury Road) 202.0 167.6 in 2005 23 95.3
Minburra 193.4 145.0 in 2020 23 70.9
Padthaway South 218.8 209.0 in 2016 23 116.8
Barossa Valley (Duckponds Creek) 314.4 262.4 in 2005 22 123.6
Birdwood (McVittie's Hill) 314.8 291.4 in 2016 22 147.2
Cromer Road 406.6 318.2 in 2016 22 159.2
Keith (Munkora) 209.0 175.4 in 2001 22 97.7
Mt Torrens 332.6 309.2 in 2016 22 154.0
Port Augusta Aero 147.4 128.6 in 2005 22 60.6
Sevenhill 360.2 289.6 in 2016 21 157.4
Shea-Oak Log (Greenock Creek) 280.8 262.2 in 2005 21 107.9
Athelstone (Black Hill Alert) 326.4 313.6 in 2005 20 149.3
Bordertown (Industrial Estate) 218.0 213.2 in 2016 20 112.3
Hindmarsh Island AWS 197.6 179.2 in 2016 20 94.5
Rhynie 214.6 191.0 in 2001 20 104.3
Willalooka (Nioka) 233.8 200.8 in 2016 20 111.7

Highest spring total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
spring
Marree (Farina) 126.4 129.8 in 1904* 36.4
Quorn 234.4 283.6 in 1920* 87.5
Hawker (Holowiliena) 186.8 217.9 in 1958 66.7
Frances 252.0 263.4 in 1964* 141.8
Manna Hill 163.0 182.0 in 1975* 56.4
Huddleston (Willow Ponds) 282.5 296.6 in 1979* 123.2
Keyneton 326.8 330.4 in 1979* 135.1
Coulta 209.5 246.2 in 1992 107.7
Darke Peak 218.0 221.2 in 1992 96.1
Elliston 161.2 239.2 in 1992 89.2
Eudunda 274.6 280.4 in 1992 119.1
Hawker 199.3 227.7 in 1992 74.9
Keith 219.3 227.4 in 1992 123.0
Morchard (The Rocks) 237.0 255.0 in 1992 100.8
Orroroo 236.1 255.4 in 1992 90.4
Orroroo (Black Rock) 198.2 255.9 in 1992 85.8
Port Germein 199.8 224.0 in 1992 87.9
Robe 198.5 231.0 in 1992 134.1
Strathalbyn 238.8 289.8 in 1992 124.7
Tanunda 327.8 344.4 in 1992 141.9
Truro 337.1 359.0 in 1992 130.3
Yankalilla 269.4 270.4 in 1992 133.0
Yongala 220.1 255.2 in 1992 99.4
Booleroo Centre (Willowie) 232.7 237.2 in 1992* 86.3
Bruce 162.2 204.4 in 1992* 72.6
Ceduna AMO 147.6 151.0 in 1993 71.3
Coonalpyn 234.0 249.8 in 1992* 117.6
Edinburgh RAAF 231.6 288.6 in 1992* 111.2
Jamestown PIRSA 295.8 331.6 in 1992* 133.8
Laura 288.0 309.5 in 1992* 130.6
Oodla Wirra 188.5 220.8 in 1992* 82.3
Parachilna (Motpena) 129.4 155.2 in 1992* 56.5
Purnong (Claypans) 201.3 204.2 in 1992* 82.8
Tailem Bend 210.3 214.0 in 1992* 101.9
Tarcoola (Mulgathing) 104.8 121.2 in 1992* 48.7
Tarlee 264.4 274.8 in 1992* 127.1
Warooka 210.1 261.4 in 1992* 103.7
Wilmington 255.0 309.2 in 1992* 115.4
Wirrabara 269.8 356.8 in 1992* 129.6
Wirrulla 166.8 224.2 in 1992* 73.4
Bute 192.7 269.0 in 1992* 100.6
Cooke Plains 237.2 246.0 in 1992* 102.3
Crystal Brook 248.8 266.5 in 1992* 109.0
Hallett (Old Canowie) 349.0 375.8 in 1992* 141.5
Cummins 180.8 197.4 in 1992* 94.1
Williamstown 371.5 491.2 in 1992* 168.3
Palmer 214.7 250.0 in 1992* 107.7
Strathearn 134.2 138.0 in 1992* 57.1
Wirrabara Forest 392.3 434.4 in 1992* 178.1
Parafield Airport 208.6 208.8 in 1997 111.1
Yudnapinna 129.0 182.2 in 1992* 52.9
Callington 190.2 191.4 in 1997* 100.9
Kingston SE 186.1 213.8 in 1992* 129.6
Mount Gambier Aero 258.2 265.4 in 2000 179.7
Tintinara 214.3 239.7 in 1992* 124.2
Blyth 219.8 228.6 in 1992* 112.7
Kingscote Aero 211.6 214.2 in 2001 101.1
Adelaide (Glen Osmond) 261.5 263.7 in 2001* 148.6
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 208.6 233.0 in 1964* 126.0
Penong 137.2 147.4 in 2001* 73.1
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 177.8 212.0 in 2001* 97.1

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest spring daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Marree Aero 15.7 on 13 Oct 16.0 on 13 Sep 2016 25 30.1



Record lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Hawker 21.4 22.7 in 1976 47 25.7
Clare High School 18.1 18.4 in 2001 28 21.2
Kingscote Aero 18.7 18.8 in 1994 28 20.4
Mount Crawford AWS 16.0 = 16.0 in 1996 28 18.6
Renmark Aero 21.8 23.0 in 2010 27 25.5
Nuriootpa PIRSA 18.3 19.2 in 2001 26 21.5
Strathalbyn Racecourse 19.2 19.5 in 2010 26 21.6
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 25.8 = 25.8 in 2010 24 28.7
Yunta Airstrip 21.8 22.4 in 2010 24 25.3
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 22.6 23.3 in 2010 23 25.9
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 16.6 17.1 in 2010 23 19.0
Padthaway South 18.8 18.9 in 2016 22 21.0
Keith (Munkora) 19.7 20.2 in 2016 21 22.7
Port Augusta Aero 24.2 = 24.2 in 2010 21 27.1
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 18.8 19.0 in 2010 21 20.6

Lowest spring mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Adelaide Airport 19.7 18.8 in 1992 21.2
Andamooka 26.0 25.0 in 1992 28.4
Edinburgh RAAF 20.3 19.4 in 1992 22.4
Eudunda 18.1 17.7 in 1992 20.9
Keith 20.2 19.3 in 1992 21.8
Loxton Research Centre 21.6 21.3 in 1992 24.4
Mount Barker 18.4 17.5 in 1992 19.6
Murray Bridge 21.4 20.3 in 1992 23.0
Parafield Airport 21.0 20.3 in 1992 22.2
Yongala 19.0 18.6 in 1992 22.0
Noarlunga 19.7 19.6 in 2001 21.6
Roseworthy AWS 20.7 20.6 in 2001 23.7
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 21.4 21.3 in 2001 24.5
Tarcoola Aero 26.0 25.8 in 2001 28.6
Woomera Aerodrome 24.7 24.6 in 2001 26.4



Record lowest spring mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
spring
Hawker 15.5 = 15.5 in 1974 47 17.9
Clare High School 13.2 = 13.2 in 2016 28 14.7
Renmark Aero 15.7 16.1 in 2016 27 17.5
Yunta Airstrip 15.4 15.8 in 2001 24 17.4
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 16.0 16.1 in 2016 23 17.5

Lowest spring mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
spring
Andamooka 19.6 18.6 in 1992 21.0
Streaky Bay 16.3 16.1 in 1992* 17.3
Leigh Creek Airport 18.3 18.0 in 2001 20.0
Woomera Aerodrome 18.4 18.2 in 2001 19.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Summary statistics for spring 2022
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
spring
2022
Diff
from
average
Highest for
spring
2022
Mean for
spring
2022
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
spring
2022
Total for
spring
2022
Average
for
spring
Rank of
spring
2022
Fraction of
spring
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 26.0 -2.4 36.0 9 Nov 13.2 -0.5 6.3 18 Sep 158.0 45.6 highest 346%
Coober Pedy Airport 26.4 -2.6 37.2 9 Nov 13.2 -1.1 6.5 4 Sep 104.8 38.3 highest 274%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 26.1 -3.0 36.4 12 Nov 12.8 -1.2 5.0 18 Sep 103.6 61.8 high 168%
Mount Ive 24.0   35.5 25 Nov     3.0 11 Sep 107.1 66.6 high 161%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 25.8 -2.9 37.1 12 Nov 12.1 -0.7 2.6 4 Sep 151.4 41.4 highest 366%
Tarcoola Aero 26.0 -2.6 36.8 25 Nov 11.4 -0.8 1.0 10 Sep 108.4 49.1 highest 221%
Woomera Aerodrome 24.7 -1.7 36.3 12 Nov 12.0 -0.5 5.4 3 Sep 159.8 48.1 highest 332%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 24.7 -2.5 35.9 12 Nov 12.0 -0.7 4.3 4 Sep 150.4 54.7 v high 275%
Marree Aero 27.5 -2.6 37.3 12 Nov 13.1 -1.0 4.2 4 Sep 118.0 38.7 v high 305%
Moomba Airport 28.5 -2.3 41.1 19 Nov 15.3 -0.5 7.9 18 Sep 89.4 44.1 high 203%
Oodnadatta Airport 28.7 -1.7 41.0 12 Nov 15.2 +0.1 5.6 4 Sep 57.4 36.5 high 157%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 22.4 -1.5 37.5 25 Nov 10.5 +0.4 -0.3 1 Sep 147.6 71.3 v high 207%
Cleve 20.8 -1.5 35.0 25 Nov 10.5 +0.1 3.4 1 Sep 158.6 106.1 high 149%
Cleve Aerodrome 20.8 -2.3 35.7 25 Nov 9.4 -0.9 2.6 19 Sep 135.0 86.9 high 155%
Cultana (Defence) 23.6   35.6 25 Nov 10.9   4.2 4 Sep 110.0
Cummins Aero 20.6 -2.5 36.0 25 Nov 9.0 +0.6 1.3 24 Sep 195.8 89.7 v high 218%
Elliston 21.3 -0.3 35.5 7 Nov 11.5 +0.2 3.4 1 Sep 161.2 89.2 v high 181%
Kimba 21.6 -2.3 34.6 25 Nov 9.1 -0.3 2.8 1 Sep 151.8 90.6 v high 168%
Kyancutta 24.0 -1.4 36.6 25 Nov 8.9 +0.4 -0.7 1 Sep 125.6 78.7 high 160%
Minnipa PIRSA 22.6 -2.6 36.7 25 Nov 9.8 -0.6 2.1 28 Sep 180.0 72.4 highest 249%
Neptune Island 17.2 -0.4 23.1 9 Nov 12.8 +0.3 9.0 1 Nov 122.0 89.6 high 136%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 19.4 -1.5 35.6 9 Nov 9.9 0.0 4.0 6 Sep 237.0 91.6 highest 259%
Nullarbor 22.5 -2.0 39.3 8 Nov 10.4 0.0 3.7 9 Oct 147.6 54.8 v high 269%
Port Augusta Aero 24.2 -2.9 36.8 12 Nov 11.9 0.0 4.7 9 Oct 147.4 60.6 highest 243%
Streaky Bay 21.7 -1.3 34.5 7 Nov 10.9 -0.7 4.0 3 Sep 140.7 79.9 v high 176%
Whyalla Aero 22.0 -2.2 35.3 25 Nov 11.1 +0.1 2.6 6 Sep 115.6 73.2 high 158%
Wudinna Aero 23.5 -2.5 36.9 25 Nov 9.3 +0.1 -0.5 1 Sep 195.0 69.2 highest 282%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 21.4 -4.3 32.6 25 Nov 9.7 -0.4 1.5 1 Sep 199.3 74.9 v high 266%
Yongala 19.0 -3.0 30.3 25 Nov 7.3 +0.8 -0.7 3 Sep 220.1 99.4 v high 221%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 22.6 -3.3 33.0 25 Nov 9.4 +0.3 -0.5 3 Sep 237.8 82.4 highest 289%
Yunta Airstrip 21.8 -3.5 33.5 26 Nov 9.1 -0.4 -0.6 6 Sep 219.0 70.0 highest 313%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 18.1 -3.1 29.0 25 Nov 8.2 0.0 0.5 9 Oct 344.0 145.5 highest 236%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 22.8   35.2 25 Nov 10.6   0.5 3 Sep 192.6
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 21.4 -3.1 34.9 25 Nov 8.0 +0.4 -0.2 3 Sep 177.8 97.1 v high 183%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 18.9 -1.4 28.5 8 Nov 10.9 0.0 2.5 1 Sep 174.0 92.2 v high 189%
Kadina AWS 21.2 -2.8 35.0 9 Nov 8.9 +0.3 -0.7 3 Sep 136.6 76.4 high 179%
Minlaton Aero 20.4 -2.2 35.4 9 Nov 9.6 -0.1 1.5 1 Sep 125.2 80.9 high 155%
Stenhouse Bay 18.8 -1.3 34.0 8 Nov 11.9 0.0 7.5 1 Sep 186.6 98.0 v high 190%
Warooka     32.6 9 Nov 10.5 +0.2 5.5 1 Sep 210.1 103.7 v high 203%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 16.9 -1.4 27.7 25 Nov 10.6 +0.2 5.5 24 Sep 157.4 106.4 high 148%
Cape Willoughby 17.0 -0.6 27.5 8 Nov 11.9 +0.2 7.2 1 Nov 200.2 124.8 v high 160%
Kingscote Aero 18.7 -1.7 29.2 8 Nov 8.9 +1.1 2.5 9 Oct 211.6 101.1 v high 209%
Parndana CFS AWS 17.2 -1.9 28.7 25 Nov 9.0 +0.5 3.1 8 Oct 200.6 126.2 high 159%
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 20.2 -1.2 32.9 25 Nov 11.5 +0.3 3.9 1 Sep 208.6 126.0 v high 166%
Adelaide Airport 19.7 -1.5 34.1 9 Nov 11.5 +0.6 3.6 1 Sep 184.0 106.1 v high 173%
Edinburgh RAAF 20.3 -2.1 32.6 25 Nov 10.3 -0.1 0.3 3 Sep 231.6 111.2 v high 208%
Parafield Airport 21.0 -1.2 33.7 25 Nov 10.5 +0.1 0.4 3 Sep 208.6 111.1 v high 188%
Roseworthy AWS 20.7 -3.0 34.8 25 Nov 8.4 +0.1 -1.9 3 Sep 263.6 108.0 highest 244%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa PIRSA 18.3 -3.2 30.1 25 Nov 8.6 +0.1 -0.8 3 Sep 301.9 132.9 highest 227%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 19.1 -2.0 33.3 8 Nov 11.0 -0.1 5.1 13 Sep 197.6 94.5 highest 209%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 16.6 -2.4 29.3 9 Nov 9.2 -0.3 4.6 3 Sep 336.8 168.7 v high 200%
Mount Barker 18.4 -1.2 30.5 25 Nov 8.6 +1.2 1.5 1 Sep 357.6 191.7 v high 187%
Mount Crawford AWS 16.0 -2.6 28.6 25 Nov 8.3 -0.5 2.9 3 Sep 359.0 159.1 highest 226%
Mount Lofty 14.4 -0.9 27.0 25 Nov 7.5 -0.2 2.5 1 Nov
Noarlunga 19.7 -1.9 33.2 9 Nov 11.5 -0.5 5.5 1 Sep 155.6 99.7 high 156%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 15.7 -1.3 28.1 9 Nov 9.4 +0.2 5.4 13 Sep 321.8 188.5 v high 171%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 18.8 -1.8 31.5 9 Nov 9.8 +0.5 1.7 13 Sep 266.6 133.0 v high 200%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 21.6 -2.8 31.5 9 Nov 9.8 +1.1 1.1 1 Sep 327.2 80.6 highest 406%
Renmark Aero 21.8 -3.7 32.7 26 Nov 9.6 +0.2 0.0 1 Sep 322.4 78.4 highest 411%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 18.1 -2.8 30.4 25 Nov 8.8 +0.5 3.2 3 Sep 274.6 119.1 v high 231%
Murray Bridge 21.4 -1.6 34.0 25 Nov 9.6 +0.3 1.7 3 Sep 215.1 95.9 highest 224%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 20.6 -3.2 34.2 9 Nov 8.4 +0.6 -0.8 3 Sep 207.4 83.6 v high 248%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 19.2 -2.4 31.9 25 Nov 9.4 +0.1 2.5 3 Sep 222.8 111.7 highest 199%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 20.2 -1.6 31.3 9 Nov 8.8 +0.4 0.0 3 Sep 219.3 123.0 v high 178%
Keith (Munkora) 19.7 -3.0 30.9 9 Nov 7.6 +0.9 -1.6 3 Sep 209.0 97.7 highest 214%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 20.4 -3.3 32.0 9 Nov 8.4 +0.7 -0.4 3 Sep 259.0 87.4 v high 296%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 18.0 -0.8 31.0 9 Nov 9.7 +0.2 3.5 25 Sep 186.4 109.0 highest 171%
Coonawarra 18.4 -1.4 30.2 9 Nov 8.2 +0.7 -0.4 3 Sep 203.2 141.0 high 144%
Mount Gambier Aero 17.9 -0.3 30.5 9 Nov 8.2 +0.9 -0.5 13 Sep 258.2 179.7 v high 144%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 18.7 -2.2 30.3 9 Nov 8.2 +0.8 -0.7 3 Sep 214.4 127.3 v high 168%
Padthaway South 18.8 -2.2 29.5 9 Nov 8.1 0.0 -0.8 3 Sep 218.8 116.8 highest 187%
Robe 17.8 +0.1 29.1 8 Nov 10.5 +0.2 5.4 24 Sep 198.5 134.1 v high 148%
Robe Airfield 18.0 -1.0 31.4 9 Nov 9.4 +0.4 1.1 3 Sep 178.0 123.2 v high 144%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, usually published in the first week of the following month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 8 am on Friday 2 December 2022. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Information about Australian Indigenous seasonal calendars is available at the Indigenous Weather Knowledge website.

Further information

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