Tasmania in summer 2015-16: record warm, record rain in the northeast, relatively dry in the west

Tasmania had its warmest summer on record in 2015-16, with the statewide mean temperature 1.78 °C above average. There was little rain for most of the summer, but there was record rain in the north and northeast at the end of January. Fires that started in the west after lightning in the middle of January continued for the rest of the season.

  • Record warm mean temperatures
  • Persistently mild weather, with very few cold days
  • Rain below average in the west and south
  • Exceptional rain in the north and east at the end of January
  • Record warm waters near the State

Temperatures were persistently mild across Tasmania through summer, with relatively few cold days or nights. The result was a statewide mean temperature that was a record 1.78 °C above average, almost half a degree warmer than the previous record from 1981 and 1961. The statewide mean daily maximum temperature was the second-warmest on record at 1.89 °C above average, and the mean daily minimum was warmest on record at 1.67 °C above average. Records for high mean daily maximum were set by many sites, mostly in the north, whilst mean daily minimum records were also set by many sites, mostly in the east. Consequently, many individual sites (including Hobart, Launceston, Devonport and Strahan) had their highest summer mean temperature on record. Even though conditions were generally warm, there were relatively few especially hot days; the hottest was 39.8 °C at Friendly Beaches on 20 December. There were some cold days (snow fell on the highlands in late December and mid-February), but not as many as typical for summer.

Rain was below average for most of Tasmania for most of summer, following on from a record dry spring. A lack of cold fronts meant the western half of the State in particular had markedly less rain than usual. However, exceptionally heavy rain fell in the north and east in the last four days of January, with many sites in the area recording their wettest summer day on record and for some it was their wettest day on record at any time of year (see details in the Special Climate Statement Extreme rainfall in northern and eastern Tasmania. Those four wet days contributed at least two-thirds of the summer rainfall to some areas of the north and east. As a result, Gray in the northeast highlands near St Marys was the wettest spot over summer, with 618 mm (of which 489 mm fell in the final four days of January) exceeding the 521 mm received at Mount Read in the western highlands. Overall, rain was below average in the southwestern half of the State, but above average in the northeastern half and locally very much above average. The total rain for Tasmania was about 8% below average, with no areas having either a record dry or record wet summer.

Sea surface temperatures near Tasmania have been at record highs over recent months, with some patches two or three degrees warmer than expected at this time of year. Waters to the northeast of the State have been particularly warm, with some areas over 21 °C. These warm waters have likely contributed to the record warm temperatures over Tasmania, especially in the east, and are part of a long-term warming trend.

In Hobart, the mean summer daily maximum temperature of 22.9 °C was 1.7 °C above average, and considerably warmer than last summer. The highest temperature was 36.0 °C on 25 December. Nights were also mild in the city, with a mean summer daily minimum temperature a record warm 13.7 °C which is 2.1 °C above average and 0.4 °C clear of the previous record from summer 2000–01. The temperature dropped to 5.0 °C on the the morning of 12 December. The city received 97.0 mm of rain over summer, below the average of 144 mm. Almost a third of this rain fell in just three days near the end of January.

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Extremes in summer 2015-16
Hottest day 39.8 °C at Friendly Beaches on 20 Dec 2015
Warmest days on average 25.6 °C at Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) and Ouse Fire Station
Coolest days on average 13.8 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Coldest day 2.6 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on 16 Feb 2016
Coldest night -3.2 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on 12 Dec 2015
Coolest nights on average 5.3 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Warmest nights on average 15.9 °C at Swan Island
Warmest night 21.9 °C at Flinders Island Airport on 20 Dec 2015
Warmest on average overall 19.5 °C at Launceston (Ti Tree Bend)
Coolest on average overall 9.6 °C at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle)
Wettest overall 618.4 mm at Gray (Dalmayne Rd)
Driest overall 71.6 mm at Hobart Airport
Wettest day 221.0 mm at Gray (Dalmayne Rd) on 29 Jan 2016
Strongest wind gust 150 km/h at Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) on 26 Feb 2016

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest summer daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Fingal (Legge Street) 121.6 on 30 Jan 2016 111.0 on 29 Jan 1995 121
Frankford (Rossville) 122.2 on 30 Jan 2016 104.8 on 28 Jan 2004 117
Longford (Denton Close) 82.0 on 29 Jan 2016 65.0 on 28 Jan 2004 114
Maria Island (Darlington) 147.0 on 30 Jan 2016 142.0 on 19 Dec 1995 100
Selbourne (Kirnbrae) 112.0 on 29 Jan 2016 88.9 on 19 Feb 1946 93
Lewis Hill (St Pauls River) 130.0 on 30 Jan 2016 117.8 on 28 Dec 1993 88
Orford South 161.0 on 30 Jan 2016 97.0 on 25 Jan 1996 81
Windermere (Acacia House) 80.6 on 29 Jan 2016 65.2 on 26 Jan 1991 78
Orford (Aubin Court) 140.5 on 30 Jan 2016 108.0 on 19 Dec 1995 65
Kimberley (Siding) 103.0 on 30 Jan 2016 87.2 on 28 Jan 2004 54
Barrington Post Office 99.4 on 30 Jan 2016 94.0 on 28 Jan 2004 52
East Sassafras (Elphin Grove) 88.6 on 29 Jan 2016 87.8 on 28 Jan 2004 49
Killiecrankie 110.0 on 31 Jan 2016 68.4 on 26 Jan 2000 49
Ross (Rose Villa) 79.0 on 29 Jan 2016 74.2 on 8 Dec 1982 47
Yarra Creek 73.0 on 31 Jan 2016 70.6 on 2 Feb 1990 43
Sandspit River (Ringrove) 168.0 on 29 Jan 2016 100.0 on 30 Jan 2004 39
Westbury (Birralee Road) 96.0 on 30 Jan 2016 57.8 on 8 Dec 1982 39
Swansea (Belmont) 111.4 on 30 Jan 2016 102.2 on 30 Jan 2004 37
Mount Seymour 39.0 on 29 Jan 2016 37.0 on 14 Jan 2015 25
Kimberley (Mersey River) 101.6 on 30 Jan 2016 47.2 on 14 Jan 2011 24
Meander (Meander River) 91.8 on 29 Jan 2016 81.4 on 28 Jan 2004 24
Ross (The Boulevards) 60.0 on 29 Jan 2016 51.8 on 25 Jan 1996 24
Strathbridge (Meander River) 114.2 on 29 Jan 2016 53.0 on 22 Dec 2007 24
Corra Linn (North Esk River) 69.0 on 30 Jan 2016 46.4 on 29 Jan 2004 23
Deloraine Railway Bridge (Meander River) 88.2 on 29 Jan 2016 86.0 on 28 Jan 2004 23
Cradle Mountain Visitors Centre 82.0 on 30 Jan 2016 64.0 on 28 Jan 2004 22
Golden Valley (Brodies Road) 125.8 on 29 Jan 2016 88.8 on 28 Jan 2004 22
Quamby Bluff 148.6 on 29 Jan 2016 105.0 on 28 Jan 2004 22
Friendly Beaches 138.2 on 29 Jan 2016 89.2 on 30 Jan 2004 20
Sheffield School Farm 117.0 on 30 Jan 2016 90.4 on 28 Jan 2004 20
Swansea (Dolphin Sands) 114.2 on 29 Jan 2016 71.2 on 5 Jan 2000 20

Record highest daily rainfall for any time of year
Highest daily rainfall
from January 2016 (mm)
Previous annual
wettest
Years of
record
Frankford (Rossville) 122.2 on 30 Jan 109.0 on 2 Apr 1989 117
Longford (Denton Close) 82.0 on 29 Jan 77.2 on 26 May 2012 114
Orford South 161.0 on 30 Jan 144.8 on 16 Mar 1938 81
Orford (Aubin Court) 140.5 on 30 Jan 118.6 on 7 Jun 1954 65
Killiecrankie 110.0 on 31 Jan 72.8 on 16 May 1974 49
Sandspit River (Ringrove) 168.0 on 29 Jan 100.0 on 30 Jan 2004 39
Westbury (Birralee Road) 96.0 on 30 Jan 79.2 on 23 Sep 1998 39
Meander (Meander River) 91.8 on 29 Jan 89.6 on 31 Aug 2005 24
Strathbridge (Meander River) 114.2 on 29 Jan 69.8 on 31 Aug 2005 24
Friendly Beaches 138.2 on 29 Jan 105.8 on 16 May 2003 20
Sheffield School Farm 117.0 on 30 Jan 95.4 on 12 Jul 2009 20
Swansea (Dolphin Sands) 114.2 on 29 Jan 110.0 on 5 Jun 2009 20



Highest summer total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Lewis Hill (St Pauls River) 239.4 306.8 in 1995 140.2



Record highest summer mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 19.9 19.8 in 1988 91 18.0
Cape Sorell 20.2 20.1 in 1950 75 18.0
Burnie (Round Hill) 22.5 22.3 in 1980 59 20.7
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 23.2 = 23.2 in 2012 56 20.6
Flinders Island Airport 23.3 23.1 in 1980 52 21.7
Marrawah 21.5 21.4 in 1980 44 19.8
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 23.8 23.6 in 1994 43 22.3
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 25.6 25.1 in 2006 31 23.8
Wynyard Airport 23.2 22.2 in 2009 27 21.0
Dover 22.3 21.2 in 2012 25 20.1
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 20.5 20.1 in 2000 25 18.7
Devonport Airport 22.7 22.1 in 2009 24 20.9
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 20.0 19.9 in 2000 23 18.6
Bridport (Sea View Villas) 22.8 22.4 in 2002 21 21.4
King Island Airport 21.6 21.5 in 2011 20 20.3



Record highest summer daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 21.0 on 20 Dec 2015 20.9 on 30 Jan 2009 34 11.8



Record highest summer mean daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 13.7 13.3 in 2000 133 11.6
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 12.9 12.7 in 1988 90 11.2
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 11.2 = 11.2 in 1970 78 9.7
Cape Sorell 13.1 12.9 in 1960 75 11.6
Hobart Airport 13.3 12.9 in 1998 57 11.6
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 15.1 14.6 in 1973 55 13.4
Flinders Island Airport 14.3 = 14.3 in 2006 52 13.0
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 12.3 11.8 in 1998 43 10.4
Bicheno (Council Depot) 14.2 13.6 in 2011 39 12.6
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 13.4 13.0 in 2014 31 11.8
Dover 11.0 10.6 in 1998 25 9.8
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 9.1 = 9.1 in 1998 25 7.9
Devonport Airport 13.3 12.9 in 2006 24 11.8
Maydena Post Office 9.7 = 9.7 in 1998 23 8.4
Strahan Aerodrome 11.6 11.1 in 1992 23 10.3
Bridport (Sea View Villas) 13.8 13.4 in 1998 20 12.4

Highest summer mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 11.9 12.0 in 1973 10.5



Lowest summer mean daily minimum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Macquarie Island 4.3 3.9 in 1990* 5.0

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Record highest summer mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
summer
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 18.3 = 18.3 in 2000 133 16.4
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 16.4 16.2 in 1988 90 14.6
Cape Sorell 16.6 16.5 in 1960 75 14.8
Hobart Airport 18.4 18.2 in 2000 57 16.7
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 19.2 18.6 in 2009 55 17.0
Flinders Island Airport 18.8 18.6 in 2006 52 17.3
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 18.1 17.6 in 2000 43 16.3
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 19.5 18.9 in 1980 31 17.8
Fingal (Legge Street) 17.6 17.1 in 2000 29 16.2
Wynyard Airport 17.6 16.9 in 2006 27 15.9
Dover 16.6 15.8 in 2000 25 15.0
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 14.8 14.2 in 2000 25 13.3
Devonport Airport 18.0 17.3 in 2009 24 16.3
Maydena Post Office 16.1 = 16.1 in 1998 23 14.9
Strahan Aerodrome 16.8 16.5 in 1994 23 15.4
Ross (The Boulevards) 18.4 17.9 in 2006 22 16.8
King Island Airport 17.2 = 17.2 in 2000 20 16.2

Highest summer mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
higher
Average for
summer
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 18.2 18.5 in 1950* 16.5

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported.




Lowest summer mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
summer
Macquarie Island 6.1 5.9 in 1990* 6.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported.




Summary statistics for summer 2015-16
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
summer
2015-16
Diff
from
average
Highest for
summer
2015-16
Mean for
summer
2015-16
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
summer
2015-16
Total for
summer
2015-16
Average
for
summer
Rank of
summer
2015-16
Fraction of
summer
average
Northern (district 91)
Bridport (Sea View Villas) 22.8 +1.4 29.0 20 Dec 2015 13.8 +1.4 6.0 12 Dec 2015 149.7 130.2 high 115%
Burnie (Round Hill) 22.5 +1.8 31.2 9 Jan 2016 13.0 +0.6 5.8 12 Dec 2015
Cape Grim 19.6   26.3 31 Dec 2015 13.9   8.6 2 Dec 2015 157.2
Cape Grim BAPS (Comparison) 20.0 +1.4 26.3 31 Dec 2015 13.8 +0.9 8.4 12 Dec 2015 154.6 117.0 high 132%
Cressy Research Station 25.2 +0.8 34.6 9 Jan 2016 11.6 +1.9 2.8 12 Dec 2015
Devonport Airport 22.7 +1.8 30.5 8 Feb 2016 13.3 +1.5 5.0 15 Jan 2016 219.0 132.5 v high 165%
Launceston (Ti Tree Bend) 25.6 +1.8 33.5 1 Jan 2016 13.4 +1.6 5.3 12 Dec 2015 152.3 122.6 high 124%
Launceston Airport 25.2 +1.1 33.6 20 Dec 2015 11.5 +1.2 2.1 12 Dec 2015 170.8 109.9 v high 155%
Low Head 21.5 +1.4 27.3 3 Feb 2016 15.0 +1.1 9.7 12 Dec 2015 216.8 119.0 high 182%
Marrawah 21.5 +1.7 30.5 31 Dec 2015 12.8 +1.1 7.0 2 Dec 2015 134.4 155.6 average 86%
Scottsdale (West Minstone Road) 23.8 +1.5 32.0 31 Dec 2015 12.3 +1.9 3.8 12 Dec 2015 127.0 162.1 average 78%
Sheffield School Farm 22.6 +1.4 31.5 9 Jan 2016 11.4 +1.3 4.7 12 Dec 2015 273.0 157.4 high 173%
Smithton Aerodrome 22.8 +1.8 29.2 20 Dec 2015 11.4 +0.6 3.6 27 Dec 2015 128.4 133.7 average 96%
Wynyard Airport 23.2 +2.2 31.5 9 Jan 2016 12.1 +1.4 2.6 15 Jan 2016 131.2 154.2 average 85%
East Coast (district 92)
Bicheno (Council Depot) 22.0 +1.0 36.2 20 Dec 2015 14.2 +1.6 6.5 12 Dec 2015 247.0 180.4 high 137%
Fingal (Legge Street) 24.1 +1.5 35.5 31 Dec 2015 11.1 +1.4 2.6 12 Dec 2015 250.2 133.4 v high 188%
Friendly Beaches 23.8 +1.3 39.8 20 Dec 2015 13.9 +1.2 7.1 12 Dec 2015 288.4 171.9 v high 168%
Lake Leake (Elizabeth River) 20.5 +1.8 31.9 19 Dec 2015 9.1 +1.2 0.5 13 Dec 2015 171.8 171.0 average 100%
Larapuna (Eddystone Point) 23.2 +2.6 33.3 20 Dec 2015 15.1 +1.7 6.9 12 Dec 2015 112.2 151.4 average 74%
Maria Island (Point Lesueur) 21.4 +0.7 31.3 20 Dec 2015 14.4 +1.3 6.3 12 Dec 2015 272.6 137.3 v high 199%
St Helens Aerodrome 22.9 +1.1 34.6 20 Dec 2015 14.1 +1.4 5.3 12 Dec 2015 173.6 163.7 average 106%
Swan Island 21.9 +1.5 27.5 31 Dec 2015 15.9 +1.4 9.3 12 Dec 2015 97.0 132.7 low 73%
Swansea (Francis Street) 22.7   38.4 20 Dec 2015 13.2   6.0 13 Dec 2015 296.2
Midlands (district 93)
Ross (The Boulevards) 25.0 +1.3 34.4 20 Dec 2015 11.6 +1.7 3.0 13 Dec 2015 141.4 122.0 average 116%
Southeast (district 94)
Campania (Kincora) 24.5 +0.9 34.6 25 Dec 2015 12.7 +1.9 4.5 22 Dec 2015 93.2 106.7 average 87%
Cape Bruny (Cape Bruny) 20.6 +1.3 35.5 25 Dec 2015 12.6 +0.9 5.0 12 Dec 2015 106.8 158.1 low 68%
Cape Bruny Lighthouse 19.9 +1.9 34.6 25 Dec 2015 12.9 +1.7 5.4 12 Dec 2015 102.2 193.5 v low 53%
Dennes Point 21.6   30.8 25 Dec 2015 13.7   5.3 12 Dec 2015 98.4
Dover 22.3 +2.2 36.9 25 Dec 2015 11.0 +1.2 3.9 12 Dec 2015 103.8 174.3 low 60%
Dunalley (Stroud Point) 22.3   31.5 20 Dec 2015 14.1   6.3 12 Dec 2015 163.2
Grove (Research Station) 23.4 +1.1 36.8 13 Jan 2016 10.4 +1.4 1.4 22 Dec 2015 116.2 156.3 v low 74%
Hobart (Ellerslie Road) 22.9 +1.7 36.0 25 Dec 2015 13.7 +2.1 5.0 12 Dec 2015 97.0 143.6 low 68%
Hobart Airport 23.5 +1.7 35.1 13 Jan 2016 13.3 +1.7 5.2 12 Dec 2015 71.6 128.4 low 56%
Kunanyi (Mount Wellington Pinnacle) 13.8 +1.0 24.8 13 Jan 2016 5.3 +0.9 -3.2 12 Dec 2015 291.4 263.1 high 111%
Maatsuyker Island Lighthouse 17.3 +0.6 30.0 13 Jan 2016 11.9 +1.4 5.3 12 Dec 2015 182.8 238.7 low 77%
Melton Mowbray (North Stockman) 24.0 +1.0 36.1 19 Dec 2015 11.1 +1.3 2.8 22 Dec 2015 100.8 103.8 average 97%
Tasman Island 18.7 +1.3 27.4 19 Dec 2015 12.3 +1.2 4.3 12 Dec 2015 78.0 174.4 v low 45%
Tunnack Fire Station 22.3 +1.5 32.9 31 Dec 2015 9.5 +1.1 -0.6 22 Dec 2015 139.4 142.9 average 98%
Derwent Valley (district 95)
Bushy Park (Bushy Park Estates) 25.2 +1.9 36.1 13 Jan 2016 11.2 +1.5 3.0 22 Dec 2015 105.2 125.9 average 84%
Maydena Post Office 22.4 +1.0 35.0 13 Jan 2016 9.7 +1.3 1.0 22 Dec 2015 154.8 211.0 low 73%
Ouse Fire Station 25.6 +1.1 37.7 19 Dec 2015 11.1 +1.5 1.5 22 Dec 2015 92.4 92.4 average 100%
Central Plateau (district 96)
Butlers Gorge 19.8 +1.7 32.6 19 Dec 2015 7.0 +1.0 -2.4 22 Dec 2015 217.0 300.9 low 72%
Liawenee 18.8 +1.1 28.1 19 Dec 2015 5.4 +0.7 -2.6 22 Dec 2015 198.6 158.6 average 125%
West Coast (district 97)
Cape Sorell 20.2 +2.2 27.1 31 Jan 2016 13.1 +1.5 7.4 2 Dec 2015 163.2 216.4 low 75%
Hartz Mountain (Keoghs Pimple) 17.3 +0.6 32.3 13 Jan 2016 7.0 +0.5 -0.8 12 Dec 2015 182.0 199.7 low 91%
Low Rocky Point 20.0   32.5 25 Dec 2015 12.4   6.9 22 Dec 2015 205.0 239.1 average 86%
Mount Read 14.7 +1.2 27.1 19 Dec 2015 6.2 +0.9 -1.2 12 Dec 2015 521.0 655.6 v low 79%
Scotts Peak Dam 22.2 +2.0 36.3 13 Jan 2016 9.8 +0.9 2.3 12 Dec 2015 236.0 320.5 v low 74%
Strahan Aerodrome 22.0 +1.6 34.9 13 Jan 2016 11.6 +1.3 4.8 22 Dec 2015 215.4 241.8 average 89%
Warra 19.4 +0.8 32.9 13 Jan 2016 8.3 +0.5 0.9 12 Dec 2015 282.0 318.8 average 88%
King Island (district 98)
King Island Airport 21.6 +1.3 35.1 19 Dec 2015 12.8 +0.6 3.9 22 Dec 2015 181.0 118.9 v high 152%
Flinders Island (district 99)
Flinders Island Airport 23.3 +1.6 38.3 20 Dec 2015 14.3 +1.3 4.4 16 Jan 2016 142.0 142.2 average 100%
Hogan Island 21.9 +1.0 35.0 20 Dec 2015 15.0 +0.5 7.8 2 Dec 2015 140.2 128.8 high 109%
Antarctica and Macquarie Island (district 300)
Macquarie Island 7.9 -0.6 10.1 29 Jan 2016 4.3 -0.7 0.7 29 Feb 2016 322.4 251.2 v high 128%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary lists the main features of the weather in Tasmania using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. Later information, including data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

A climate summary is generally published on the first working day of each month.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Tuesday 1 March 2016. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

The ACORN-SAT dataset is used for temperature area averages.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries