Western Australia in autumn 2017: Dry with warm days in western WA

Autumn in Western Australia saw dry conditions in the west and above average rainfall in central and eastern parts. Day-time maximum temperatures were above average in the west and east, whilst overnight minimum temperatures were generally close to normal.

Below average rainfall in western WA

  • Autumn rainfall was close to average for WA as a whole, though western WA was very much below average
  • The South West Land Division (SWLD) recorded its 11th-driest autumn on record and driest autumn for 5 years, since 2012
  • Autumn rainfall near the west coast north of Perth was very much below average and many sites had either their driest autumn on record or driest autumn for at least 23 years
  • SWLD recorded its 4th-lowest April and May total rainfall, but it was the driest April and May for 34 years since 1983
  • April and May total rainfall for the Lower Southwest (southwest a line between Jurien Bay and Bremer Bay) was the fourth lowest on record and driest since 2009
  • The passage of a tropical low and associated cloudband produced heavy rainfall from northwest to central WA in late March; sites in the Goldfields recorded their wettest autumn day on record on the 25th as a result and some sites had their wettest total autumn rainfall for at least 22 years
  • A few record high autumn daily rainfalls were reported in the SWLD on 23 and 24 April as an upper level trough triggered lines of thunderstorms over the region

Above average daytime temperatures; near average overnight temperatures

  • Autumn mean maximum temperature for WA was 0.7 °C above average
  • Mean maxima were 1 °C to 2 °C below average near the SWLD west coast and a few sites recorded their coolest autumn for more than two decades
  • Multiple very hot days with daily maxima in the low-to-mid 40s were recorded near the Pilbara coast in early autumn (2-7 March)
  • Autumn mean minimum temperature for WA was near average

Tropical cyclones

  • Six tropical cyclones (Blanche, unnamed (22U), Caleb, Ernie, Frances, Greg) developed or passed through the WA region in autumn; two (Ernie and Frances) reached severe intensity and two (Blanche and unnamed (22 U)) crossed the WA coast

Further information

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Extremes in autumn 2017
Hottest day 44.6 °C at Mandora on 5 Mar
Warmest days on average 35.7 °C at Mandora
Coolest days on average 20.3 °C at Shannon
Coldest day 11.5 °C at Manjimup on 21 May
Coldest night -0.2 °C at Jarrahwood on 1 May
-0.2 °C at Salmon Gums Res.Stn. on 2 May
-0.2 °C at Norseman Aero on 30 May
Coolest nights on average 8.4 °C at Jarrahwood
Warmest nights on average 27.4 °C at Browse Island
Warmest night 30.0 °C at Barrow Island Airport on 7 Mar
30.0 °C at Legendre Island on 7 Mar
Warmest on average overall 29.6 °C at Troughton Island
29.1 °C at Wyndham Aero
Coolest on average overall 15.4 °C at Shannon
Wettest overall 406.8 mm at Port Hedland Airport
Wettest day 193.0 mm at Yeeda on 13 Mar
Strongest wind gust 119 km/h at Wyndham Aero on 15 Mar

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest autumn daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Sturt Meadows 96.2 on 25 Mar 92.7 on 22 Mar 1927 110
Edjudina 77.0 on 25 Mar 75.0 on 19 Mar 2012 109
Kookynie 94.0 on 25 Mar 82.6 on 16 Mar 1907 100
Yerilla 77.2 on 25 Mar 70.9 on 16 Mar 1907 98
Spring Valley 82.8 on 24 Apr 73.4 on 28 Mar 1971 59
Mettler 155.0 on 23 Apr 103.0 on 1 Apr 2005 51
Barvesk 60.0 on 30 Mar 47.6 on 17 Mar 1992 47
Willare Bridge 178.0 on 13 Mar 160.0 on 4 Mar 2000 22
Packsaddle Farm 58.8 on 25 Mar 54.8 on 1 Mar 2015 20



Record highest autumn total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Leinster Aero 210.0 184.8 in 2000 22 80.2

Highest autumn total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
higher
Average for
autumn
Kookynie 191.6 200.5 in 1921* 78.2
Lorna Glen 225.6 249.8 in 1958* 85.7
Seemore Downs 118.0 137.0 in 1992* 57.7

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a higher value has gone unreported




Record lowest autumn total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Gingin 33.0 37.7 in 1913 123 149.3
Coorow 12.7 18.2 in 1949 105 94.7
Perenjori 16.8 22.9 in 1949 98 91.1
Wubin 14.5 15.4 in 2007 84 81.9
Goodlands 10.2 20.2 in 2007 66 89.8
Learmonth Airport 3.6 3.8 in 2016 60 104.4
Paynes Find 14.0 25.1 in 1970 55 88.3
Arena 12.4 22.0 in 1985 36 93.9
Mount Gibson 18.2 24.0 in 2010 34 99.6
Steep Point 3.6 12.2 in 2007 20 86.4

Lowest autumn total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
autumn
Nabawa 18.4 12.2 in 1914* 98.8
Yandanooka 12.8 10.9 in 1949 97.8
Lynton 18.0 11.4 in 1959* 99.6
Mullewa 11.0 8.0 in 1959* 85.0
Dongara 31.9 12.5 in 1959* 104.8
New Norcia 36.4 26.8 in 1959* 113.2
Ninghan Station 23.0 0.0 in 1979 87.2
Carnarvon Airport 3.8 1.4 in 1983 63.7
Tamala 8.6 6.6 in 1983 77.7
Canna 22.0 19.2 in 1983* 93.6
Highfields 17.5 15.2 in 1983* 88.7
Hillcroft 26.0 22.4 in 1983* 101.1
Jourerdine 23.2 12.4 in 1983* 80.4
Kalbarri 9.5 9.3 in 1985* 88.1
Bodallin South 33.1 5.0 in 1983* 89.4
Bakers Hill 41.2 35.2 in 1983* 122.9
Karara 23.0 21.1 in 1940* 84.0
Lake Nammen 39.2 24.0 in 1989* 125.1
Munglinup 58.4 55.2 in 1991* 132.8
Merivale Farm 66.2 52.0 in 1994* 151.9

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record lowest autumn mean daily maximum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Swanbourne 24.3 = 24.3 in 2016 23 25.5

Lowest autumn mean daily maximum temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
autumn
Cape Leeuwin 20.8 20.4 in 1993 21.1
Lancelin 24.8 23.8 in 1993 25.6
Rottnest Island 22.8 22.2 in 1993 23.6



Record lowest autumn mean temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
autumn
Swanbourne 19.5 = 19.5 in 2006 23 20.3

Lowest autumn mean temperature for at least 20 years
Observed
(°C)
Most recent
lower
Average for
autumn
Cape Leeuwin 18.0 17.4 in 1993 18.2
Lancelin 19.4 18.7 in 1993 20.1
Rottnest Island 19.7 19.1 in 1993 20.4



Summary statistics for autumn 2017
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
autumn
2017
Diff
from
average
Highest for
autumn
2017
Mean for
autumn
2017
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
autumn
2017
Total for
autumn
2017
Average
for
autumn
Rank of
autumn
2017
Fraction of
autumn
average
North Kimberley (district 01)
Kalumburu 34.4 +0.3 38.3 3 Mar 21.0 +0.4 12.5 12 May 203.0 260.0 average 78%
Troughton Island 32.4 +0.4 34.8 10 Apr 26.8 +0.5 21.9 18 Mar 92.8 204.7 low 45%
Truscott 32.7 -0.1 35.5 9 Apr 23.8 +0.2 18.7 12 May 156.6 297.8 low 53%
Wyndham Aero 35.6 0.0 38.6 26 Apr 22.6 -0.2 13.3 12 May 207.4 186.1 average 111%
East Kimberley (district 02)
Argyle Aerodrome 34.3 +0.1 39.3 2 Mar 22.4 +0.1 15.4 16 May 196.2 183.9 average 107%
Halls Creek Airport 33.2   38.8 4 Mar 18.4   8.1 12 May 24.2
Kununurra Aero 34.7 0.0 39.6 4 Mar 21.6 0.0 12.0 12 May 181.0 188.5 average 96%
Warmun 34.4 -0.1 38.5 4 Mar     10.0 12 May 196.9 153.1 high 129%
West Kimberley (district 03)
Bidyadanga 35.0 +0.5 42.5 5 Mar 21.5 -0.3 11.5 20 May 91.1 145.8 average 62%
Broome Airport 33.7 +0.4 39.0 5 Mar 22.1 0.0 12.4 21 May 191.2 152.9 average 125%
Curtin Aero 34.5 -0.8 39.6 5 Mar 21.9 0.0 12.0 12 May
Derby Aero 34.7 +0.1 39.1 9 Apr 21.8 -0.5 12.7 20 May 118.6 175.4 average 68%
Fitzroy Crossing Aero 35.6 0.0 40.7 4 Mar 19.8 -0.5 11.2 20 May 100.4 159.9 average 63%
De Grey (district 04)
Karratha Aero 33.6 +0.1 42.9 5 Mar 22.0 -0.3 14.5 23 May 73.2 94.3 average 78%
Mandora 35.7 +0.7 44.6 5 Mar 20.7 +0.1 8.0 20 May 186.8 118.9 high 157%
Marble Bar 34.3 -0.8 41.8 19 Mar 20.5 -1.0 11.6 20 May 128.6 115.4 average 111%
Port Hedland Airport 33.9 -0.3 44.1 3 Mar 21.4 +0.3 13.4 20 May 406.8 101.5 v high 401%
Roebourne Aero 34.4 -0.7 42.8 6 Mar 20.5 -0.8 12.4 23 May 132.8 81.1 high 164%
Fortescue (district 05)
Barrow Island Airport 31.3 +0.7 39.7 6 Mar 24.2 +0.1 19.3 30 May 59.6 153.7 average 39%
Learmonth Airport 34.0 +1.3 43.1 3 Mar 19.3 -0.5 11.2 22 May 3.6 104.4 lowest 3%
Mardie 35.1 +0.1 42.8 7 Mar 20.6 -0.2 11.7 23 May 70.6 105.5 average 67%
Onslow Airport 34.4 +1.4 44.2 3 Mar 21.6 +0.6 15.2 24 May 58.6 133.6 average 44%
Wittenoom 32.5 0.0 40.3 2 Mar 20.2 -0.4 11.3 23 May 132.0 125.5 average 105%
West Gascoyne (district 06)
Carnarvon Airport 30.3 +1.3 40.2 10 Apr 18.6 -0.1 9.8 23 May 3.8 63.7 v low 6%
Denham 29.0 +0.5 39.5 3 Apr 18.9 -0.5 12.0 13 May 5.4 65.0 v low 8%
Murchison     41.6 4 Mar 15.6 -0.3 5.0 23 May 57.1 70.4 average 81%
Shark Bay Airport 31.5 +0.8 42.1 6 Mar 17.5 -0.6 10.3 13 May 4.8 54.0 v low 9%
East Gascoyne (district 07)
Newman Aero 31.6 +0.3 40.8 2 Mar 16.9 -0.2 6.5 18 May 269.8 84.1 v high 321%
Paraburdoo Aero 33.5 +0.4 40.5 6 Mar 18.7 -0.6 9.1 22 May 101.8 94.1 high 108%
Murchison (district 07A)
Meekatharra Airport 30.1 +1.0 41.4 3 Mar 16.8 0.0 7.2 23 May 85.6 72.2 high 119%
Mount Magnet Aero 29.7 +1.2 40.7 3 Mar 15.9 -0.1 5.9 23 May 13.4 73.6 v low 18%
Paynes Find 29.5 +1.4 40.9 4 Mar 13.3 -0.7 1.6 28 May 14.0 88.3 lowest 16%
North Coast (district 08)
Dalwallinu 27.7 +0.9 41.5 4 Mar 12.4 -0.8 3.4 26 May 17.4 75.6 v low 23%
Geraldton Airport 28.7   40.9 5 Mar 14.2   6.1 11 May
Kalbarri 30.0 +0.7 38.7 2 Apr 16.0 -0.3 6.0 18 May 9.5 88.1 v low 11%
Morawa Airport 29.5 +0.9 42.4 4 Mar 13.5 -0.9 4.3 29 May 28.2 74.1 low 38%
Mullewa 30.1 +1.4 41.5 5 Mar 15.4 +0.5 8.1 19 May 11.0 85.0 v low 13%
North Island 26.2 0.0 30.8 2 Apr 20.2 0.0 12.9 18 May 15.8 68.5 v low 23%
Wongan Hills 27.1 +0.8 41.3 5 Mar 12.7 -0.5 6.0 27 May 61.4 95.2 low 64%
Central Coast (district 09)
Badgingarra Research Stn 27.6 +0.4 41.8 5 Mar 13.3 -0.2 6.9 26 May 44.2 112.7 v low 39%
Bickley 23.2 -0.4 36.6 1 Mar 12.1 -0.4 6.2 29 May 143.0 212.3 low 67%
Garden Island HSF 23.0 -1.1 30.0 2 Apr 15.6 -0.5 10.2 28 May 83.0 131.5 v low 63%
Gingin Aero 26.8 +0.2 40.0 1 Mar 11.1 -1.1 2.4 12 May 84.2 127.9 low 66%
Gosnells City 26.5 0.0 38.6 1 Mar     8.9 30 Apr 87.7 165.4 low 53%
Jandakot Aero 25.6 -0.2 37.1 1 Mar 12.4 0.0 4.1 28 May 108.2 166.1 low 65%
Jurien Bay 26.1 -0.2 36.1 11 Mar 13.3 -0.8 4.0 28 May 42.1 122.3 v low 34%
Lancelin 24.8 -0.8 34.0 12 Mar 14.0 -0.6 7.2 28 May 52.7 128.7 v low 41%
Medina Research Centre 26.2 +0.5 38.0 4 Mar     5.5 29 Apr 91.9 159.0 v low 58%
Pearce RAAF 26.9 +0.6 40.1 1 Mar 12.3 -1.1 3.8 28 May 81.0 136.0 low 60%
Perth Airport 26.2 +0.5 38.1 1 Mar 12.9 -0.2 4.7 28 May 73.4 155.6 v low 47%
Perth Metro 25.9 0.0 37.7 1 Mar 13.4 -0.3 4.9 28 May 94.4 180.8 low 52%
Rottnest Island 22.8 -0.8 30.0 2 Apr 16.7 -0.4 12.2 28 May 83.0 127.7 low 65%
Swanbourne 24.3 -1.2 34.1 1 Mar 14.7 -0.4 7.2 28 May 100.2 154.0 low 65%
South Coast (district 09A)
Albany 20.4 -0.2 28.9 3 Mar 14.1 +1.4 7.8 13 May 146.3 223.1 low 66%
Albany Airport 21.1   34.0 2 Mar 10.6   3.5 13 May 143.8
Bridgetown 22.9 -0.6 36.6 1 Mar 8.9 -0.4 1.1 8 Apr 85.2 170.8 v low 50%
Bunbury     35.2 4 Mar 11.1 -0.7 2.6 29 May 113.8 155.8 low 73%
Cape Leeuwin 20.8 -0.3 32.4 2 Mar 15.2 -0.1 11.2 22 May 204.6 225.6 average 91%
Cape Naturaliste 23.1 +1.2 34.1 4 Mar 13.7 -0.2 9.0 29 Mar 104.4 181.1 low 58%
Collie East 23.9 -0.1 36.4 1 Mar 8.6 -0.5 0.3 29 May 106.6 156.9 low 68%
Dwellingup 23.4 +0.7 35.9 1 Mar 10.5 +0.1 2.8 28 May 188.8 250.3 low 75%
Esperance 22.7 -0.2 35.8 17 Mar 13.5 +0.3 6.5 18 May
Esperance Aero 23.5 +0.3 35.3 6 Mar 12.0 -0.6 5.4 22 May 80.8 141.6 low 57%
Hopetoun North 22.7 -0.5 36.9 17 Mar 12.9 +0.4 5.2 30 May 97.4 117.7 low 83%
Jarrahwood 23.8 -0.1 37.0 1 Mar 8.4 -0.7 -0.2 1 May 164.0 196.7 average 83%
Mandurah 24.2 -0.1 37.6 4 Mar 15.3 -0.5 9.3 28 May 85.4 147.5 low 58%
Manjimup 21.5 +0.3 34.9 1 Mar 10.6 -0.1 5.0 8 Apr 111.2 219.2 v low 51%
North Walpole 20.7 -0.8 34.0 2 Mar 12.2 -0.6 6.4 20 Mar
Rocky Gully 20.9 -1.0 33.4 3 Mar 10.2 -0.7 2.6 12 May 147.2 166.6 average 88%
Shannon 20.3 -1.2 33.1 2 Mar 10.5 -0.3 4.4 12 May 164.6 230.4 low 71%
Witchcliffe 21.7 -1.0 31.6 2 Mar 11.0 -0.3 4.3 20 Mar 212.2 229.6 average 92%
North Central (district 10)
Bencubbin 26.4 +0.6 39.5 6 Mar 12.9 +0.1 3.9 28 May 28.2 82.7 v low 34%
Cunderdin Airfield 26.6 +0.2 40.9 6 Mar 11.0 -1.0 0.9 28 May 30.4 76.0 low 40%
Merredin 26.6 +1.1 40.6 3 Mar 12.9 +0.2 4.3 26 May 53.4 84.9 low 63%
Northam 26.4 +0.3 39.4 6 Mar 11.3 -0.6 3.4 18 May 40.6 97.2 v low 42%
York 26.5 +0.3 39.5 6 Mar 9.8 -1.0 1.5 28 May 50.6 86.5 low 58%
South Central (district 10A)
Beverley 26.2 +0.1 38.8 1 Mar 10.6 -0.7 2.6 28 May 64.4 93.6 average 69%
Brookton 25.0 +0.1 37.8 3 Mar 10.8 -0.3 3.5 28 May 44.0 101.0 low 44%
Corrigin 25.3 +1.0 39.1 6 Mar 11.0 0.0 1.2 29 May
Hyden 26.0 +0.5 39.4 6 Mar 10.9 -0.1 0.4 29 May 47.4 82.8 low 57%
Jacup 22.7 -0.1 38.7 6 Mar 10.1 -0.5 3.6 30 May 80.8 107.2 average 75%
Katanning 22.6 -0.6 35.3 3 Mar 10.2 -0.8 3.3 29 May 93.2 101.5 average 92%
Lake Grace 23.9 -0.2 38.7 6 Mar 11.0 -0.7 2.7 29 May 60.2 77.4 average 78%
Narrogin 23.6 +0.6 36.6 3 Mar 10.4 -0.1 1.9 29 May 87.0 113.3 average 77%
Newdegate Research Station 24.3 +0.3 37.4 6 Mar 8.9 -1.2 0.8 29 May 51.4 92.1 low 56%
Ongerup 22.5 0.0 36.4 3 Mar 10.6 -0.4 3.0 13 May 61.2 92.1 low 66%
Ravensthorpe 23.4 -0.1 38.0 6 Mar 11.8 +0.1 4.5 30 May 50.6 109.7 low 46%
Wagin 23.3 -0.3 36.0 3 Mar 11.1 +0.3 3.7 29 May 77.3 103.7 low 75%
Wandering 24.1 -0.4 37.2 1 Mar 8.8 -0.7 0.5 28 May 93.2 102.6 average 91%
Eucla (district 11)
Eucla 23.9 +0.6 40.0 14 Mar 13.2 -0.1 4.5 25 May 38.4 80.6 low 48%
Eyre 24.6 +0.9 43.2 18 Mar 10.2 -1.5 0.0 24 May 81.4 91.0 average 89%
Forrest 26.7 +0.8 41.1 14 Mar 11.0 -0.8 2.8 30 May 13.6 59.8 v low 23%
Red Rocks Point 23.1 0.0 39.3 18 Mar 14.0 -0.3 5.9 23 May 58.2 83.8 low 69%
South East (district 12)
Bulga Downs 28.1 -0.2 40.7 2 Mar 12.9 -1.1 2.0 23 May 132.6 72.3 v high 183%
Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport 25.4 +0.3 39.1 2 Mar 12.8 +0.3 3.2 29 May 27.6 71.5 low 39%
Laverton Aero 26.9 +0.5 40.5 2 Mar 13.8 -0.8 2.7 23 May 153.4 79.5 v high 193%
Leinster Aero 27.7 +0.3 40.6 2 Mar 14.1 -0.9 2.9 23 May 210.0 80.2 highest 262%
Leonora Aero 26.9 -0.5 40.8 2 Mar 14.0 -0.7 3.3 23 May 209.8 78.7 v high 267%
Munglinup West 23.8 -0.1 37.6 2 Mar 11.4 -0.5 3.1 22 May 84.6 112.5 low 75%
Norseman Aero 24.9 0.0 40.0 1 Mar 10.1 -0.6 -0.2 30 May 66.4 75.5 average 88%
Salmon Gums Res.Stn. 23.9 +0.2 36.1 7 Mar 9.4 -0.5 -0.2 2 May 92.4 87.8 average 105%
Southern Cross Airfield 26.3 +0.3 39.6 3 Mar 11.2 -0.3 0.9 29 May 32.4 86.9 low 37%
North East (district 13)
Giles Meteorological Office 30.1 +1.1 40.4 26 Mar 15.5 -0.6 6.0 20 May 103.8 75.4 high 138%
Telfer Aero 33.5 -0.2 41.1 5 Mar 20.2 +0.1 10.2 20 May 64.4 110.9 average 58%
Warburton Airfield 30.1 +0.9 41.4 19 Mar 15.0 -0.3 3.8 19 May 60.0 65.3 average 92%
Offshore Islands (district 200)
Browse Island 30.4   32.5 22 Apr 27.4   21.9 2 May
Rowley Shoals 29.7   32.4 14 Mar     0.6 31 May
Note: Observations for “Perth Metro” are taken from the current site at Mount Lawley (Bureau number 009225).
Comparisons are made against combined data from the current site (which opened in early 1993) and the previous site at Perth Regional Office (009034), which ran from 1876 to early 1992.
From 2017 on, information about Cocos and Christmas Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in Western Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 11 am on Thursday 1 June 2017. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

Observations for “Perth Metro” are taken from the current site at Mount Lawley (Bureau number 009225).
Comparisons are made against combined data from the current site (which opened in early 1993) and the previous site at Perth Regional Office (009034), which ran from 1876 to early 1992.
From 2017 on, information about Cocos and Christmas Islands can be found in the climate summary for the Remote Islands and Antarctica

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries