South Australia in winter 2019: driest winter for more than a decade

Rainfall in winter was below to very much below average across most of the State, making it South Australia's tenth-driest winter on record and driest since 2007. Daytime temperatures were warmer than average for the northern two thirds of the State, but nights were cooler than average in many central and northern areas.

Driest winter since 2007

  • Rainfall in winter was 56% below average, making it South Australia's tenth-driest winter on record and driest since 2007
  • Rainfall was very much below average across large areas of the State
  • All winter months of June, July, and August were drier than average
  • Winter rainfall was near-average in some central and southeastern Agricultural districts
  • The very dry winter has significantly expanded the areas experiencing serious and severe rainfall deficiency from the first five months of the year and they now cover most of the State except the far northeast and the southeast for the January to August period
  • A very dry first eight months of the year, with rainfall very much below average in most areas
  • Second-driest year-to-date (January to August) on record; the driest since 1929
  • On 12 June, numerous sites had their highest winter daily rainfall on record
  • Several sites had either their lowest total winter rainfall on record or their lowest total winter rainfall for at least 20 years

Warm days and cool nights across the north

  • Daytime temperatures for winter were warmer than average across the northern two thirds of South Australia
  • The mean maximum temperature for South Australia as a whole was 1.06 °C above average
  • Night-time temperatures were cooler than average in the Northeast and some areas of the central and western districts, but average to warmer than average in the South East Agricultural districts
  • The mean minimum temperature for South Australia as a whole was 0.45 °C below average, the lowest for winter since 2012
  • A very warm first eight months of the year, with most of the State very much warmer than average
  • South Australia's mean temperature for January to August was 1.14 °C above average; the fourth-highest on record
  • Several sites had their lowest winter temperature on record
  • On 29 June, Coonawarra had its warmest winter night on record

Further information

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Extremes in winter 2019
Hottest day 31.6 °C at Oodnadatta Airport on 11 Jun
Warmest days on average 21.4 °C at Oodnadatta Airport
Coolest days on average 10.1 °C at Mount Lofty
Coldest day 4.9 °C at Mount Lofty on 18 Aug
Coldest night -7.1 °C at Yunta Airstrip on 24 Jun
Coolest nights on average 2.9 °C at Yongala
Warmest nights on average 11.7 °C at Neptune Island
Warmest night 16.1 °C at Adelaide (Kent Town) on 28 Jun
Warmest on average overall 13.6 °C at Moomba Airport
Coolest on average overall 7.7 °C at Mount Lofty
Wettest overall 399.6 mm at Aldgate
Driest overall 0 mm at Moomba Airport
Wettest day 67.4 mm at Piccadilly (Mount Lofty Botanic Garden) on 12 Jun
Strongest wind gust 122 km/h at Neptune Island on 8 Aug

Maps
ObservedAnomalyDecile rank
Total
rainfall
Map of Rainfall totals Map of Percentage of normal rainfall Map of Rainfall deciles
Mean
daily
maximum
temperatures
Map of Mean maximum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean maximum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean maximum temperature
Mean
daily
minimum
temperatures
Map of Mean minimum temperature Map of Anomaly in mean minimum temperature Map of Decile rank of mean minimum temperature

Click on a map to show it full size in a pop-up window


Record highest winter daily rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Brinkworth 46.0 on 12 Jun 45.4 on 1 Jul 1986 121
Mundoora (Barunga North) 56.0 on 12 Jun 45.8 on 6 Jun 1994 56
Balaklava (Wanappe) 47.4 on 12 Jun 37.6 on 6 Jun 1994 51
Nurom (Riverside Farm) 41.6 on 12 Jun 38.4 on 6 Jun 1994 51
Clare High School 44.6 on 12 Jun 37.6 on 5 Jul 2016 26
Port Germein (Gowan Brae) 60.0 on 12 Jun 29.2 on 22 Jun 2012 24
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 41.6 on 12 Jun 37.0 on 23 Jun 2013 22
Belair 51.0 on 12 Jun 50.8 on 5 Jul 2016 21



Record lowest winter total rainfall
New record
(mm)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Mount Ive 28.0 29.0 in 1885 46 73.7
Morgan (Brenda Park Station) 39.8 40.8 in 1997 25 69.1
Marree Aero 0.8 1.4 in 2007 21 22.1

Lowest winter total rainfall for at least 20 years
Observed
(mm)
Most recent
lower
Average for
winter
Kimba 55.2 50.6 in 1976 122.9
Blinman 19.6 15.6 in 1976* 96.4
Port Parham 75.4 55.2 in 1982* 122.0
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 109.4 54.6 in 1994 166.6

* note: there are gaps in the historical record at this site, so it is possible a lower value has gone unreported




Record highest winter daily minimum temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Coonawarra 14.7 on 29 Jun 14.5 on 4 Jun 1988 34 5.3



Record lowest winter temperature
New record
(°C)
Old
record
Years of
record
Average for
winter
Coonawarra -3.8 on 22 Jun -3.6 on 3 Aug 1997 34 5.3
Edithburgh -0.5 on 24 Jun 0.0 on 20 Jul 2015 29 7.9
Stenhouse Bay 2.5 on 24 Jun 2.9 on 1 Aug 2012 24 9.5
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) -6.7 on 24 Jun -6.5 on 7 Jul 2012 21 4.0
Padthaway South -4.0 on 23 Jun -3.2 on 16 Jun 2007 20 5.6



Summary statistics for winter 2019
Maximum temperatures
(°C)
Minimum temperatures
(°C)
Rainfall
(millimetres)
Mean for
winter
2019
Diff
from
average
Highest for
winter
2019
Mean for
winter
2019
Diff
from
average
Lowest for
winter
2019
Total for
winter
2019
Average
for
winter
Rank of
winter
2019
Fraction of
winter
average
Northwest (district 16)
Andamooka 19.7 +0.4 27.3 24 Aug 6.2 -0.5 0.5 24 Jun 9.3 39.5 low 24%
Coober Pedy Airport 19.8 +0.5 29.5 17 Aug 6.1 -0.9 0.8 22 Jun 3.8 23.8 low 16%
Ernabella (Pukatja) 19.7 +0.6 29.1 11 Jun 5.0 -0.1 -3.7 21 Jun 2.4 35.8 low 7%
Mount Ive 17.9   24.5 11 Jun 5.7   -1.5 6 Jun 28.0 73.7 lowest 38%
Roxby Downs (Olympic Dam Aerodrome) 19.4 +0.1 27.2 17 Aug 5.0 +0.1 -2.4 7 Jun 9.2 30.3 low 30%
Tarcoola Aero 19.9 +0.3 28.0 20 Jul 4.4 -0.8 -3.1 7 Jun 16.2 37.4 low 43%
Woomera Aerodrome 18.5 +0.7 27.1 17 Aug 6.3 -0.1 1.4 6 Jun 17.8 43.3 low 41%
Far North (district 17)
Leigh Creek Airport 18.8 +1.1 26.7 17 Aug 5.4 0.0 -0.6 6 Jun 13.2 48.4 low 27%
Marree Aero 20.8 +0.5 29.0 11 Jun 4.5 -1.3 -1.6 24 Jun 0.8 22.1 lowest 4%
Moomba Airport 20.7 -0.1 30.1 11 Jun 6.5 -0.7 0.4 24 Jun 0 27.4 lowest 0%
Oodnadatta Airport 21.4 +0.8 31.6 11 Jun 5.4 -1.2 -0.2 22 Jun 0.2 28.9 v low 1%
Western Agricultural (district 18)
Ceduna AMO 18.6 +0.5 29.3 15 Aug 6.0 -0.1 -1.7 28 Aug 55.2 108.6 v low 51%
Cleve 16.2 +0.2 23.9 15 Aug 7.5 0.0 1.5 7 Jun 104.6 141.2 low 74%
Cleve Aerodrome 16.2 +0.1 24.3 11 Jun 7.5 -0.2 1.7 13 Aug 79.2 129.5 v low 61%
Coffin Bay (Point Avoid) 16.2   21.0 11 Jun 9.3   4.8 6 Jun 165.4
Cultana (Defence) 17.5   23.9 17 Aug 6.8   2.3 19 Aug 61.0
Cummins Aero 16.0 -0.3 23.7 11 Jun 5.4 -0.2 -1.0 27 Aug 148.4 185.0 low 80%
Elliston 17.6 +0.7 24.6 21 Jul 8.6 +0.4 2.9 19 Jul 143.4 201.7 low 71%
Kimba 16.4 +0.2 24.0 11 Jun 5.1 -0.4 0.2 24 Jun 55.2 122.9 v low 45%
Kyancutta 18.3 +0.4 25.8 15 Aug 4.8 -0.2 -1.8 3 Aug 81.6 117.2 low 70%
Minnipa Pirsa 16.8 -0.1 25.1 15 Aug 6.6 -0.3 1.5 28 Aug 91.2 109.6 average 83%
Neptune Island     18.4 28 Jun 11.7 +0.1 7.6 19 Aug 118.8 205.4 v low 58%
North Shields (Port Lincoln AWS) 16.3 -0.3 23.4 11 Jun 7.3 -0.4 2.3 13 Aug 109.4 166.6 v low 66%
Nullarbor 19.4 +0.5 30.3 30 Aug 5.3 -0.5 -0.7 7 Jun 41.6 81.7 low 51%
Port Augusta Aero 18.6 -0.1 25.6 17 Aug 5.5 +0.3 -0.4 2 Jul 55.0 56.8 average 97%
Streaky Bay 17.1 0.0 23.9 20 Jul 7.6 -1.2 2.6 6 Jun 98.5 172.1 low 57%
Whyalla Aero 17.6 0.0 24.3 11 Jun 5.9 +0.2 -0.9 24 Jun 61.7 71.6 average 86%
Wudinna Aero 17.8 +0.1 26.0 15 Aug 5.2 -0.9 -2.8 27 Aug 72.8 104.1 low 70%
Upper North (district 19)
Hawker 16.7 0.0 24.5 17 Aug 4.6 +0.5 -1.2 13 Aug 69.9 102.4 average 68%
Yongala 14.0 +0.4 20.7 31 Aug 2.9 +0.4 -2.4 5 Aug 75.6 120.8 low 63%
Northeast (district 20)
Gluepot Reserve (Gluepot) 17.7 0.0 24.5 31 Aug 3.8 -0.2 -6.7 24 Jun 37.6 62.4 v low 60%
Yunta Airstrip 16.7 +0.3 23.5 24 Aug 3.1 -0.4 -7.1 24 Jun 16.8 42.2 v low 40%
Lower North (district 21)
Clare High School 13.4 -0.1 19.9 28 Jun 3.7 -0.7 -2.5 24 Jun 170.6 198.0 average 86%
Port Pirie Aerodrome AWS 17.3   23.7 11 Jun 5.6   -0.6 28 Aug 98.0
Snowtown (Rayville Park) 16.1 -0.1 23.5 11 Jun 4.0 -0.8 -2.6 26 Aug 101.4 135.0 low 75%
Yorke Peninsula (district 22A)
Edithburgh 15.5 -0.1 21.8 31 Aug 7.4 -0.5 -0.5 24 Jun 133.2 153.7 low 87%
Kadina AWS 16.1 -0.1 21.8 11 Jun 4.7 -0.6 -2.9 30 Aug 76.2 103.4 low 74%
Minlaton Aero 15.8 -0.2 22.7 11 Jun 7.0 -0.2 0.8 26 Aug 109.6 145.0 low 76%
Stenhouse Bay 15.9 -0.1 21.4 31 Aug 9.0 -0.5 2.5 24 Jun 161.8 201.2 low 80%
Warooka 15.6 0.0 20.1 7 Jul     3.0 19 Aug 135.3 188.9 low 72%
Kangaroo Island (district 22B)
Cape Borda 14.5 -0.2 17.8 6 Jul 9.1 -0.3 3.9 29 Aug 198.2 253.2 low 78%
Cape Willoughby 14.5 0.0 18.7 11 Jun 10.4 +0.3 6.0 19 Aug 158.3 229.7 low 69%
Kingscote Aero 15.6 -0.3 19.0 31 Aug 6.0 -0.1 -1.2 30 Aug 131.8 187.0 low 70%
Parndana Cfs AWS 14.0   18.1 11 Jun 6.9   1.2 19 Jun 174.0
Adelaide Plains (district 23A)
Adelaide (Kent Town) 16.1 +0.1 22.6 31 Aug 7.9 0.0 1.3 24 Jun 172.4 222.9 low 77%
Adelaide (West Terrace / ngayirdapira) 15.9 +0.3 22.2 11 Jun 8.4 +0.4 1.8 23 Jun 165.2 199.0 average 83%
Adelaide Airport 15.8 +0.2 22.4 11 Jun 8.0 +0.6 -0.2 24 Jun 149.0 165.8 average 90%
Edinburgh RAAF 15.9 0.0 22.2 31 Aug 6.5 0.0 -0.8 24 Jun 137.8 156.4 average 88%
Parafield Airport 16.2 +0.4 22.5 28 Jun 6.3 -0.4 -1.8 24 Jun 131.2 165.8 low 79%
Roseworthy AWS 16.1 0.0 23.2 11 Jun 5.5 -0.3 -1.8 29 Aug 112.6 134.7 average 84%
County Light (district 23B)
Nuriootpa Pirsa 13.9 -0.2 21.1 28 Jun 4.4 -0.5 -2.4 23 Jun 148.6 170.2 average 87%
Rosedale (Turretfield Research Centre) 15.5 +0.1 22.5 31 Aug 5.1 -0.7 -1.0 12 Aug 155.8 173.3 average 90%
Mount Lofty Ranges (district 23C)
Hindmarsh Island AWS 15.9 0.0 22.2 28 Jun 8.4 +0.2 1.4 24 Jun 145.6 152.9 average 95%
Kuitpo Forest Reserve 12.9 -0.1 20.4 6 Jul 7.0 0.0 2.3 24 Jun 286.4 308.2 average 93%
Mount Barker 14.2 +0.6 20.3 6 Jul 6.0 +1.1 -1.7 23 Jun 290.2 309.5 average 94%
Mount Crawford AWS 11.5 -0.2 20.1 11 Jun 6.0 -0.1 1.5 29 Aug 249.4 264.5 average 94%
Mount Lofty 10.1 +0.8 18.1 11 Jun 5.2 0.0 0.2 29 Aug 392.2 428.1 low 92%
Noarlunga 15.3 -0.1 21.8 6 Jul 8.9 0.0 2.0 24 Jun 155.8 180.7 low 86%
Parawa (Second Valley Forest AWS) 12.2 0.0 17.7 5 Jul 7.1 -0.2 1.4 24 Jun 313.8 351.4 average 89%
Victor Harbor (Encounter Bay) 16.0 0.0 22.3 28 Jun 6.7 -0.2 -2.9 24 Jun 196.0 233.1 low 84%
Upper Murray Valley (district 24A)
Loxton Research Centre 17.1 +0.5 24.5 24 Aug 4.4 0.0 -3.9 24 Jun 50.2 78.4 low 64%
Renmark Aero 17.4 +0.2 25.0 24 Aug 4.1 -0.1 -5.7 24 Jun 38.4 59.8 low 64%
Lower Murray Valley (district 24B)
Eudunda 13.9 +0.1 21.0 31 Aug 5.8 +0.5 -0.6 24 Jun 106.7 158.2 low 67%
Murray Bridge (Pallamana Aerodrome) 16.1 -0.2 23.7 28 Jun 4.9 +0.2 -3.6 24 Jun 100.4 96.6 average 104%
Strathalbyn Racecourse 15.5 -0.2 21.9 28 Jun 6.7 -0.2 -0.7 23 Jun 150.4 157.7 average 95%
Murray Mallee (district 25A)
Karoonda 16.3 0.0 23.3 31 Aug 5.4 +0.4 -1.4 24 Jun 113.0 108.2 average 104%
Upper Southeast (district 25B)
Keith 15.7 +0.1 22.2 28 Jun 5.6 -0.2 -2.8 23 Jun 149.7 165.9 average 90%
Keith (Munkora) 15.4 -0.1 21.4 28 Jun 4.9 -0.1 -3.7 23 Jun 144.0 158.9 low 91%
Lameroo (Austin Plains) 15.2 -0.3 21.9 31 Aug     -1.4 24 Jun 117.4 92.8 high 127%
Lower Southeast (district 26)
Cape Jaffa (The Limestone) 14.5 +0.1 19.4 6 Jul 8.0 +0.2 0.3 24 Jun 168.2 219.6 low 77%
Coonawarra 14.5 +0.1 20.7 28 Jun 5.6 +0.3 -3.8 22 Jun 178.4 230.4 low 77%
Mount Gambier Aero 14.1 +0.4 20.1 28 Jun 6.1 +0.6 -2.2 22 Jun 249.2 280.6 average 89%
Naracoorte Aerodrome 14.6 -0.2 21.5 28 Jun 5.7 +0.2 -3.8 22 Jun 153.0 191.4 low 80%
Padthaway South 14.8 -0.1 21.5 28 Jun 5.6 0.0 -4.0 23 Jun 147.0 190.0 low 77%
Robe Airfield 14.8 -0.3 20.2 28 Jun 7.2 +0.4 -2.7 23 Jun 201.2 272.8 low 74%

Notes

The Seasonal climate summary, generally published on the first working day of each month, lists the main features of the weather in South Australia using the most timely and accurate information available on the date of publication; it will generally not be updated. More extensive discussion of significant weather events, along with later information and data that has had greater opportunity for quality control, will be presented in the Monthly Weather Review.

This statement has been prepared based on information available at 9 am on Monday 2 September 2019. Some checks have been made on the data, but it is possible that results will change as new information becomes available.

In some situations, some or all of the rainfall is in the form of hail or snow. In these cases the totals given are for the water equivalent: the depth of liquid water that results from melting any frozen precipitation. There can be significant 'undercatch' of snow in strong winds, meaning the true precipitation can be higher than that reported.

Averages for individual sites are long-term means based on observations from all available years of record, which vary widely from site to site. They are not shown for sites with less than 10 years of record, as they cannot then be calculated reliably.
The median is sometimes more representative than the mean of long-term average rain.

The Rank indicates how rainfall this time compares with the climate record for the site, based on the decile ranking (very low rainfall is in decile 1, low in decile 2 or 3, average in decile 4 to 7, high in decile 8 or 9 and very high is in decile 10).
The Fraction of average shows how much rain has fallen this time as a percentage of the long-term mean.

Where temperature area averages are mentioned, they are derived from the ACORN-SAT dataset.

Further information

Media
(03) 9669 4057
Enquiries